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Full text of "A History of Deerfield, Massachusetts: the times when the people by whom it was settled, unsettled and resettled:"

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I 636— POCU MTUCK— I 886 












VOL. H. 


Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1895, by 

III the Office of the Librarian of Congrces, at Washington. 

Grkenf-ibld, Maps: 

Press op E. A. Hall & Co., 








Stamp Act — Slave Trade — Boston Tea Party — Liberty Pole — Courts- 
Mobs — Social Life — Minute Men — Lexington Alarm — March to 
Cambridge — Benedict Arnold — Capture of Old Ti — Bunker Hill 
— Tory Minister — Committee of Safety — Declaration of Independ- 
ence — Home Letters — Arrest of Tories at Hatfield and Montague 
— Northampton Jail — Battle of VValloomsac — Spoils of War — Bur- 
goyne Campaign — Enlisting and Drafting — New Constitution — 
Ministerial Council — Death of Mr. Ashley — Colonial Taxation — 
Continental Money — Tories in Town Meeting — Tories in Prison. 673-749 


Hard Times — Ely Insurrection — The Rescue — The Pursuit — Hostages 
— Northampton Threatened — Deerfield Contingent — The Inter- 
view — Close of the War. ...... 750-759 


Roads — Scarcity of Money — The Remedy — County Lines — ^Shays Re- 
bellion Tobacco Counterfeiters Meadow Mill Common 

Field — Opening the Meadows — Chronological Table. . . 760-772 


Ministerial and Municipal Affairs — Too far from Meeting — Candidates 
for the Pulpit — John Taylor Settled — Obsequies of Washington — 
Missionary Tour — Mr. Taylor Dismissed — Samuel P. Williams — 
Prosperous Times — Causes — Seltfement of Samuel Willard — Or- 
dination Refused — His Creed — Second Call— Yea and Nay Vote 
— Opposition on Territorial Lines — Ministerial Fund — Second 
Congregational Society — Brick Meetinghouse — Mr. Willard Dis- 
missed — His Successors, John Fessenden, Daniel B. Parkhurst, 
James Blodget, John F. Moors, James K. Hosmer, Edgar Buck- 
ingham — Third Congregational Society — Monument Society — 
Methodist Society — Baptist Society — Roman Catholic Society. . 773-809 


Political Parties — War of 1812 — Babies of 1812 — Military Magazine — 
French Alliance — Capt. Lawrence on the Chesapeake — Art of 



War — Militant Professor — ^Fourth of July Celebration — March lo 

Boston — Officers in Camp — Anti-Masonry — Anti-Slavery. . 810-822 


Libraries — The Union, Social, Second Social, Encyclopedia, Juvenile, 
Agricultural, Reading Association, Academy, Military, P. V. M. 
Association, Dickinson, Bloody Brook — Literature — Literary Or- 
ganizations — Women at the Front — Washington Centennial — 
Town House — Authors of Books. ..... 823-838 


Education — Select School — Deerfield Academy — Dickinson Free Acad- 
emy — Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association — Museum. . 83(j-852 


Civil List for Two Hundred Years, 1686-1886. .... 853-859. 

Great Rebellion — Town Action — List of Soldiers — Soldiers Monument. 860-867 


Commissioned Military Officers for Two Hundred Years — The Old Can- 
non — Franklin Cadets — Agricultural Societies — Fire Engine — 
Burying Grounds. ....... 868-884 


Bells — Passing Bell — Nine o'clock Bell — Dinner Bell — Nooning — Cold 
Pot Luck — Charities — Negro Slavery — The Coffee Plant — Jin — 
Luce Bijah — An Advocate — Comforting Sermon — Bill of Rights — 
Cheapside — Fall Boats — Canals — River Traffic — Bridges — Steam- 
boats — County Seat — Business — 8000 Acre Line. . . 885-924 

Abbreviations used in Genealogies. ..... 4 

Genealogies, Part II. ...... . 5-395 

Appendix — Additions and Corrections. ..... 3y7~407 

Inde.\ to History. ........ 409-443 

Index to Genealogies. ....... 445-477 



This period fairly dates from the first act of Parliament for 
raising a revenue in their American colonies. In point of 
fact the Whig and the Tory parties here were then formed, 
the Whigs denying the claim of right to impose such taxes, 
and the Tories maintaining it. 

These names were brought from England, where for more 
than a century the Whigs had contended for Constitutional 
liberty, while the Tories stood up for Royal prerogative and 
arbitrary power. The Tories of both continents were con- 
servative, anchored to the traditions of the, while the 
Whigs struck out for the inborn rights of man, a larger lib- 
erty of thought and action. 

The people of the present generation, certainly those of 
the north, can have little idea of the bitter feeling that grew 
up between these parties when the outbreak came. Among 
the Loyalists, Whig was a term of reproach, and used very 
much as the term anarchist is used to-day. 

The Whigs were very much in earnest from the start. 
The Sugar Act of 1764, the Stamp Act of 1765, and others, 
were denounced as unconstitutional, oppressive, and in viola- 
tion of their Chartered Rights. And it was on this broad 
ground that the Revolution grew up. 

In view of the sentiment of opposition in the Colonies, 
Parliament repealed some of the most obnoxious acts ; but, 
at the same time, asserted its full rigJit to tax the colonies at 
will, and in 1766 several companies of Royal artillery were 
sent to Boston as a threat. This aroused our people as nothing 
else had, and Massachusetts soon took measures looking to- 
wards a union of the colonial Legislatures in a Continental 


Congress. This movement was denounced by Parliament as 
" Highly Inflammatory, and Tending to Sedition," — as it tru- 
ly was — and in 176S Gov. Bernard was directed to dissolve 
the General Court. vSept. 28th, 1 768, delegates from ninety- 
six towns met in convention in Boston to consider the condi- 
tion of the country. In the House of Lords the tendency of 
this and similar meetings was clearly seen, and denounced 
as a daring usurpation of authority, and an insult to the 

Parliament h:id directed the colony to billet its soldiers 
here. In May, 1769, the General Court utterly refused an ap- 
propriation for that purpose, and in August Gov. Bernard 
sailed for Europe, leaving Lieut-Gov. Thomas Hutchinson at 
the head of affairs. On the State Street Massacre, March 
5th, 1770, at the demand of the people of Boston, led by Sam- 
uel Adams, Hutchinson removed all English soldiers from 
the town to Castle Island. 

On the same 5th of March, Lord North introduced a bill in 
Parliament, abolishing all taxation except that on tea, and 
an ingenious scheme was devi.sed whereby tea should be im- 
ported and sold here at nine pence a pound cheaper than in 
England. Our Whig statesmen did not walk into the trap aft- 
er that bait. It was the principle, not the "thripence a pound 
on tea," for which they were contending. Associations were 
formed agreeing not to use tea until the tax was repealed. 
The Whigs generally signed the articles, and this was made 
a test of partriotism. The appearance of a teapot on the ta- 
ble, or the fragrance of the Hyson issuing from the buttery, 
where the steaminof vessel had been hurried on the advent 
of a neighbor, was considered a sure sign of a Tory house- 

For ten years Deerfield had been represented in the Co- 
lonial Assembly by Maj. Elijah Williams, or Jonathan Ash- 
ley, Jr., both Tories; but in 1770 the Whigs came into power 
and sent David Field. In 1772, Hutchinson, now full-fledged 
governor, refused to call the Legislature together for fear of 
patriotic action. A town meeting in Boston filled the gap. 
A committee was chosen, with Samuel Adams at the head, to 
communicate with the other towns in the colony. This 
movement was far-reaching in its effects. The towns re- 
sponded, and out of it grew the "Committees of Correspond- 

Hutchinson's emissaries in deerfield. 675 

ence, Inspection and vSafety," which became the ruling power 
in the land. 

Hutchinson was justly alarmed at the doings of the Boston 
town meeting, and in 1773 sent his partisans over the country 
to counteract its effect. To Deerfield, came three Tories 
from Boston, Morton, Drury and LeBarron, and a conference 
was held with the Deerfield Tories at the tavern of Lieut. 
vSeth Catlin, which held on until two o'clock in the morning 
of April 3d. A report of the doings at this meeting has not 
been received, but it is safe to say that a large quantity of 
flip was consumed in drinking the king's health. 

May 1 2th, 1773, a town meeting was held, and Samuel Field 
was chosen representative to the General Court. vSome ten 
years before, John Workman, and other Quakers of Philadel- 
phia, had opened a crusade against the slave trade. The 
discussion about the natural rights of man now going on 
called the attention of many to the accursed traffic, and at 
this meeting a paper setting forth its wickedness was read to 
the assembled people. The meeting was in the hands of the 
Whigs, and the Tory town clerk made no record of the doings 
thereat. We are indebted to a private diary for any knowl- 
edge of it. 

Representative Field came home from Boston charged 
with news and stories. Two will be given which may not 
have been elsewhere preserved — a brace of patriotic toasts — 
one by Samuel Adams : — 

May the fair fields of America be watered with the blood, and ma- 
nured by the ashes of its Malignant Enemies. [The other by John 
Hancock:] May the enemies of America have free export, with the 
benefit of a Draw-back. 

Field also brought home copies of the famous letters writ- 
ten to England in the interest of the Tories by Bernard, 
Hutchinson, Paxton and Rogers, which had been discovered 
by Franklin and sent home to Samuel Adams. The contents 
raised to a white heat the party fire of the Whigs, while the 
Tories couldn't see anything in them to make a fuss about. 

The big divsh of tea made in Bo.ston harbor, December i6th, 
1773, stimulated the blood of two continents. David Field 
was in Boston that day, and when he brought the news there 
was a jollification meeting at David Saxton's tavern. When 
the meeting broke up the mellow Whigs woke the echoes of 


the night by proclaiming about the town the exploits of those 
men: — 

Who went aboard the British ships their vengeance to administer. 
And didn't care a larnal bit for any king or minister; 
Who maile a duced mess of tea, in one of the biggest dishes. 
Steeped the Bohea in the sea, and treated ail the fishes. 

If the Tories were less boisterous in their consultation, 
they were not less determined, and looked forward to a not 
distant day when their hour should come, and "king and 
minister" triumph; and they did not join in the general 
mourning when the Boston Port Bill went into effect the 
first day of June following. 

Benjamin Franklin was ousted from the office of Postmas- 
ter-General in America because he was a Whiir, and the ser- 
vice broke down. In May, 1774, a few patriots formed a plan 
for a regular communication throufjh the colonies. It was 
presumably under a plan adopted by Deerfield years before. 
The general postoffice service must have been very meagre 
and uuwsatisfactory to an intelligent community like that in 
Deerfield, and the general system was supplemented by one 
of her own. In December, 1773, the men named below paid 
Wm. Mosman twelve shillings each, " for my vService in Rid- 
ing Post from Boston to Deerfield for the term of one year 
from November 1772 to November 1773." Through this Post 
communication with the outside world was kept up. He 
went no farther than Deerfield. Greenfield and Charlemont 
men came here to meet him : — 

Daniel Arms, David Field, David Wells, 

Jona. " Samuel " ]ohn Williams, 

Jona. Ashley, John Hawks, Thomas Williams, 

Thomas Bardwell, Jr., David Hoyt, all of Deerfield. 

Ebenezer Barnard, Jona. " Moses Bascom, of 

Joseph " Jonas Locke, Greenfield. 

Joseph " Jr. John Russell, Aaron Rice, 

Salah " Remembrance Shel- Othniel Taylor, of 

Seth Catlin, don, Charlemont. 

David Dickinson, Joseph Stebbins, 

It was, I suppose, under this arrangement, that the Post 
spoken of in this chapter came once a week to Deerfield with 
letters, papers and small packages. His arrival at David 
Hoyt's tavern, on the day he was due, was awaited in those 
exciting days with a good deal of impatience by the men 
gathered there. Many hot disputes between Whig and Tory 
arose on occasions, and striking arguments were some- 
times re.sorted to. Joseph vStebbins and Oliver Field on one 


side and Parson Ashley's sons on the other were not the least 
prominent in the wordy war. 

1774. This year the Revolution ripened fast. May 13th, 
Gen. Gage arrived in Boston and fresh troops were landed. 
June ist, Governor Hutchinson, being succeeded by General 
Gage, sailed for England and the Boston Port Bill went into 
operation. This measure developed abundant sympathy for 
Boston and served to cement the colonies into one body of 

Governor Gaofe took hio^h-handed measures with the Gen- 
eral Court, but it was made up of zealous Whigs, who were 
able to hold their own, and the representative of our town 
did his full share of the work. The most important act was 
to elect five delegates to a Continental Congress at Phila- 
delphia. There was rejoicing among the Whigs at the step, 
while the Tories were filled with indignation at this assump- 
tion of power. Gage, in a towering rage, at once dissolved 
the Assembly. 

William, son of Col. Israel Williams of Hatfield, drafted a 
" Protest against the Proceedings of the House of Represent- 
atives and the Measures now adopted by the Colonies, and 
the plan the people are now acting upon." This paper was 
received here July i6th, by a young Tory, who made copies 
for circulation. 

The General Court had appointed July 21st to be observed 
as a day of fasting and prayer. The Tories took no notice of 
this except to show pointedly their contempt for it. 

July 22(1, Parson Ashley had a tea party in defiance of the 
non-consumption association, and his son carried a pound of 
tea, which he had procured Fast day of Israel Williams & 
Son, at Hatfield, to the wife of Parson Roger Newton at 

T/if Liberty Pole. It was the custom for the Sons of Liberty 
to set up tall liberty poles in public places. On the night of 
July 28th one was brought into town to be set up the next 
day. The fact coming to the cars of the Tories, some of them 
went and sawed it off in the middle. The story is told in the 
following letter written two days later : — 

Permit me to tell you of y"^ Proceedings of some young Gents of 
this town in y'^ week past. Ephraim Potter and Edw'd Lawrence, 
taking into their Serious Consideration y"" present alarming Situation 


of America, occasioned by the oppressive hand of Power, and upon 
Mature Deliberation, thouglit the Erection of a Liberty Pole would 
have y'' most happy tendency of restoring and Establishing Peace 
and Harmony between y Mother Country and y'' Colonies — There- 
fore did on llic jSlh of this instant get one into Town, but it being 
late, they were not able to erect it, and on y same Night, by some 
Malicious Person, Inimical to his Country, y"^^ s'' Pole was sawn in 
sunder. Nevertheless, on the ensuing Night, y'' Liberty Pole was 
set up and also a Tory Pole, (as they in their infinite wisdom are 
pleased to call it) and set old Mrs. Vassalls epitaph upon y'' s'" Tory 
I'ole with little alteration * * * \Y^. have the Honor of having 
a Liberty Pole, & more to our Honor be it, that it was set up by a 
pack of ignorant villains. Wliere are things going, that so sensible 
people as you know the Town of Djcrfield are, should suffer these 
Rascals to carry matters on so. 1 cannot help feeling, and very 
sensibly, when I think what the Consequences of these things will 
be & have no reason to think but that they will issue in blood, I feel 
not concerned for myself, but for my friends. P)Ut we have a Cod, 
and this l>t;ing we ought to look to, who alone is able to deliver us 
from our most inveterate enemies; and by whose InHnile wisdom J 
hope we shall be extracted from all our Troubles. 

This letter was written by the one who liandled the saw, 
fotir others bein<^ privy to it. 

The Liberty Pole was put up in front of David Field's 
store, which stood just north of Mrs. Wright's briek house. 
Sunday, August 7th, Col. Israel Williams attended meeting 
here in the morning. At noon he went to Parson Ashley's 
to dine. While "passing the Liberty Pole, he observed and 
.said that he thotight sueli a po\c a profanation of the ordi- 
nance. " As we sliall see, this man was destined to receive 
greater affronts tlian tliis from the profane Whigs. 

Liberty Poles became common. August 22d, Iladley 
set up one one htmdred and thirty feet high. The week be- 
fore, the Sons of Liberty in Montague raised one near the 21st the minister preached a sermon 
upon " the sin of erecting such an Idol." The next day Moses 
Gtinn takes him to task in a strong argtimentative reply to 
" the open, sudden and tmexpected Attack " made upon his 
"brethren, the Sons of Liberty." He .says he "could never 
have conjectured what you or any other person could have 
against erecting a Liberty Pole." That it "could be treated 
as an Idol and the Persons who set it up as Idolators, and that 
in a .serious manner would never have entered his head. " * * 
An Idol made and Erected after the manner of a mast or 
May Pole with an Ensign of Libertv tacked to the top of it, 


that is to say Eng-lish colours with the Significant word Lib- 
erty inscribed, is a form of making and setting up a God, 
which I believe neither Antient nor modern Idolaters hit 
upon." He then tells his pastor " What is my Sense of a Lib- 
erty Pole." It means " This people are for Liberty * -- * 
This Liberty Pole innocently and Simply raises its lofty head ! 
I wish it reached the clouds ! Strikes the eye of the Behold- 
er even at a Distance and in the most natural easy and ready 
manner puts him in mind of his Liberty and Rights." 

It soon became the fashion for any who had wit to exploit, 
spleen to vent, or grudge to settle, to post over night on the 
Liberty Pole what was called an "advertisement." This 
weapon was used by both Whig and Tory. A single speci- 
men (?) has been preserved. It was scrawled over a page of 
foolscap. I have attempted some punctuation, which was 
wholly wanting, and may have obscured the poetic fire, and 
marred the deep thought or pure diction by so doing: — 

Mr torvs, i think its disgras, tho i give you my plase, to take up 
my painn for to right. 

But siers, i do se this lyberty pool is so much in voge for such 
blackgard pesses, which 1 do not like, it is a disgras to the pool, & 
i am shewer that i should Be ashamed to let such flat peses be seen. 
O, you poor torise! i think it is anof for to make any man right. — i 
should adress my self to you in the fooregoing linse that im not pro 
nour con,— but 01 poor torys in Deerfield Dwell! you are the fewel 
of \'()rk Hell! iov your peeses are as insipid as a cats face, i would 
not have you not get old Mother Spindle to word the pesses for you, 

i mark this thing faith, for th — this is tory grammar, faith it is — 
roght strongue, i can sware. O, you poortowryes! when shall i get 
some tar? i do con) mand you to not defile the libertie poole with no 
more of your Dambd skrools. David D. is an na fog gen, faith i am 
not the man that you tok me to be, be i? this is rought strongue, 
ant it now? also [?] th i have to say, as it is to darck. 

Underlying all the chaft" and froth on the surface strife, 
was the serious conviction, on both sides, that bad breakers 
were not far ahead. The Whigs declared that Parliament 
had violated the charter of the colony, had forfeited their 
claim to obedience, and that no legitimate governing powers 
existed. The issue was now made up. Parliament had de- 
clared its right to bind the colonies /;/ a// arses zvJiatsocvcr. 
The Liberty party demanded all the constitutional rights of 
Englishmen. No taxation without representation. There 
was a strong minority in Parliament which took sides with 


the colonists in this stniy;gle, but the eloquence of Pitt, Burke, 
Greenville, Grafton, Richmond, Conway, Shelburne, Chester- 
field, Dartmouth and others, was of no avail against the im- 
perious determination of Lord North. 

Congress approved opposition to the unconstitutional acts 
of Parliament, advised the people to dispense with courts as 
far as consistent with law and order, and to settle questions 
of law among themselves, or by arbitration. As the judges 
were not holding their places by tenor of the charter, the 
county of vSuffolk, early in vSeptember, 1774, agreed in Con- 
vention to save harmless all sheriffs, constables or jurors who 
should refuse to carry into effect any orders of the courts ; 
earnestl}^ recommending creditors to show generous forbear- 
ance, and debtors to pay their dues with all possible speed. 
The convention denounced all who would not follow this 
course as enemies of their country. This was opening a pret- 
ty wide door, but they enjoined peaceable measures, depre- 
cating all violence or lawlessness. 

This advice was lost on both parties. Gage filled Boston 
with soldiers, fortified the Neck and seized the military stores 
at Cambridge. He forbade the people meeting in convention 
and declared he would disperse them by force if they did. 
He called the General Court to meet at Salem, October 5th, 
1774, and then by proclamation forbade the session. But the 
Whigs would not down. The representatives chosen met 
at vSalem, and October 7th, resolved themselves into a Pro- 
vincial Congress. This Congress adjourned to Concord. 
After providing for a new election it was dissolved, Decem- 
ber loth, 1774. A second Provincial Congress met at Cam- 
bridge, February ist, 1775. Committees of Correspondence, 
Inspection and Safety were established and given large pow- 
ers. Henry Gardner was chosen Receiver General. The 
third Congress met May 31st. In June it issued precepts for 
the ejections of representatives and held on until the meet- 
ing of the new General Court July 19th, 1775. The Whig 
rallying cry was liberty now or slavery evermore. 

The Whigs of Deerfield had heavy odds against them. In- 
cense to the Kincr from the frao:rant Hvson filled the air. 
The minister, the judge, the sheriff, the esquire, the three 
doctors, the town clerk and treasurer, one store keeper, two 
of the three tavern keepers, most of those who had held com 


missions from the King in the late wars, and generally the 
young bloods who were looking forward to places of honor 
or office from royalty, were loyal to the source of power. A 
large proportion of the civil and military offices in other 
parts of Western Massachusetts were held by men of the 
same mind, and there were many ties of blood or marriage 
between these and the Tories of Deerfield. 

Dr. Williams, the Tory town clerk, made only such record 
of the doings of the town as he saw fit. Meetings of a political 
character, carried in the interest of the Whigs, his dignity 
forbade his noticing at all. But as the strength of the Whigs 
increased, new leaders came to the fore, and after being di- 
rected " to make a true faithful record of the votes passed " 
in vain, he was the next year superseded by David Dickinson, 
a Whig. 

Great preparations were made by Tory creditors for the 
August courts. Esq. Jonathan Ashley was a busy man. He 
was so crowded that for many days his brother Elihu was 
engaged with him " drawing writs." 

August 4th, 1774, news reached here from Great Barring- 
ton that David Ingersoll, a Tory, had been mobbed by the 
Liberty men. His Deerfield connections and friends began 
to open their eyes to the possible consequences, but Esq. 
Ashley and his brother kept on " drawing writs." 

August 19th came news that on the i6th the court at Great 
Barrington had been stopped, David Ingersoll mobbed and 
the windows of his house broken, but — Esq. Ashley and his 
brother kept on " drawing writs." Maj. Joseph Hawley was 
at Great Barrington ; what part he took in the row may per- 
haps be guessed. Ingersoll came over the mountain to Ches- 
terfield, but he was out of the frying pan into the fire. He 
and Col. Israel Williams were seized by a mob and compelled 
to sign a covenant dictated by their captors. Both, with Dr. 
Ebenezer Barnard of Deerfield, and John Graves of Pittsfield, 
took to the woods for Hatfield. Here Ingersoll fell into the 
hands of another mob, which drove him out of town, and on 
the 24th he sought refuge in Deerfield, for rest and comfort. 

The atmosphere here increased in temperature so fast, that 
Ingersoll took advice from his fears, perhaps also from his 
friends, and the same day turned his horse's head towards 
Boston, that haven of distressed Tories. His coat and his 


pocket book followed him to Deerfield the 25th. Any con- 
clusions drawn from this fact will not be disputed by the 
scribe. But meantime, Esq. Ashley and his brother kept on 
"drawing writs" — for the court was to meet at Springfield, 
Tuesday, August 30th. Should this court be allowed to do 
business, or should it be stopped by the Sons of Liberty ? 
Noah Cook and Warham vSmith of Hadley sent out circular 
letters inviting the towns to choose delegates to meet in con- 
vention at Hadley, August 26th, to consider this question. 

A town meeting was called here on the 25th. The Tories 
rallied, but the Whigs controlled the meeting and elected 
Capt. Thomas Dickinson and Lieut. David Field to represent 
them in the convention. " Most Noble works about Liberty," 
comments a Tory on this meeting. The convention at Had- 
ley chose a committee to wait upon the court and "inquire 
whether it sat upon the old or new establishment." If upon 
the new, " TJicn not to sit." 

The popular feeling was now at fever heat, and it was in a 
gloomy frame of mind that Esq. Ashley, with his green bag 
stuffed with writs, accompanied by Judge Thomas Williams 
and others, set off August 29th for vSpringfield to attend court. 
Many of the court officials and the lawyers gathered in Spring- 
field that night. Ouiet reigned. But before sunrise the next 
morning the convention committee came in to meet the court. 
At a given signal the West Springfield bell rang, and soon a 
large party of men armed with white staves, under the lead 
of John Moseley, marched into town and took possession of 
the court house steps; and before nine o'clock the number 
was increased to 1000 men. They had everything their own 
way. " They would not let the court set on any establish- 
ment and made y*" Judges and all the Court solemnly swear 
that they would not take or execute any commission under 
(jage," after which the mob formed a circle in the street, in- 
to which the stray Tories were marched one by one, and 
made to acknowledge the error of their ways, and sign an 
agreement not to act under any authority derived from the 
King. No other violence was used, and the people dispersed 
at night. 

August 30th was an anxious day with the Tories at Deer- 
field. One of them writes " it is a trying time with the Court, 
as it is the first day of their sitting. Expect nothing but 


what they would be broke up." But the wires were down, 
and the telephone out of order, so they must go to bed with- 
out the news. About three o'clock the next day, David Hoyt, 
who had been to the court, returned. He reported briefly 
that " the Court was broken up ;" " we could not get much out 
of him," as he went along, says one, but a great crowd gath- 
ered at his tavern. The news was received according to the 
predilection of the listener, with an inward groan, or outward 
shout. About eight o'clock Esq. Ashley arrived, with his bag 
still full of writs, and gave the particulars of the lawless out- 
rage to a sympathetic circle of listeners. He said Lieut. Catlin 
was much abused by Moses Harvey of Montague. " Entirely 
without Law every Man left to y*^ Mercy of his Fellows." 
One present said, " I never see any person so altered in my 
life as Squire Ashley was." 

September ist was another exciting day in Deerfield. The 
Tories were gathered in anxious groups and the mob spirit 
was rampant among the Whigs. " Samuel Field of Green- 
field was over at the house of his father, Lieut. David Field, 
for protection. He felt very low, as he expected to be 
mobbed." He was a lawyer who had taken sides with nei- 
ther party. He was not disturbed by the mob. A party of 
Tories went as far as Bloody Brook and met the returning 
judge. After fortifying with flip at Catlin's, they went up to 
Esq. Ashley's and "tarried till the bell rung for meeting," 
which they attended. It was a fast day. In the evening a 
mob under the lead of Joseph vStebbins, after some hours' 
hunt, seized upon Phineas Munn and forced him to " make 
his confession." We shall see that this "confession " did not 
prove to be a conversion. 

Judge Williams expected a visit next, and his friends gath- 
ered for his protection. The garrison were bound to show 
fight. Says one of them, " our guns, pistols, &c., were loaded, 
soon expecting they would come and burst the House." 
About eleven the inmates were relieved by "hearing Jos. 
Stebbins, the leader, say they would not do anything further." 
Possibly they may have got wind of the warlike preparations 

One Tory writes, " Oh, Tempora, all Nature seems to be in 
Confusion ; every person in fear of what his Neighbour will 
do to him. vSuch Times were never seen in New England." 


The principal consolation to be found would seem to be in 
drinking flip. That was never doubted or neglected, 

September 3d, rumors came that Moses Harvey was coming 
over from Montague " to correct the Tories." This story was 
doubtless conjured up from their fears, as there was no foun- 
dation for it. But it gave rise to a meeting at the schoolhouse 
that evening, " to come into some measures to prevent these 
petty Mobbs that were about." The result was a vote " to do 
everything in their Power to suppress these Mobbs." The 
people were evidently principled against any outside inter- 
ference. They proposed to do their own mobbing. Capt. 
Thomas Dickinson was sent to Montague to interview Har- 
vey about the matter, and reported all quiet along Mill river 
and about Dry Hill. 

Sunday, Sept. 4th, about 9 o'clock, a messenger from Mon- 
tague reached town with a report that Gage had fired on the 
people in Boston and that a post sent out to alarm this coun- 
ty had given out on reaching Amherst. As this was but ru- 
mor, the people went to meeting. As services closed for the 
morning another Montague man arrived with the tale that 
"the killed men were 106, and that they were fired upon for 
trying to stop the court. Our people were now wide awake, 
some for going away directly, others not." Finally they con- 
cluded "to send to Amherst and find out the truth of it." 
Theodore Barnard rode post to Amherst and "the people 
went to meeting, after which was over, there was gathering in 
every corner of y'^ street." Barnard reported on his return 
that no post had been at Amherst and that the alarm was 
wholly false. The report may have grown out of the act of 
Gage, three days before, in sending soldiers to secure the 
powder in Charlestown. Or it may have been sent by Har- 
vey as a practical joke. 

Sept. 5th, a party of Tories garrisoned the house of Esq. 
Ashley. There may have been intimations of an approaching 
mob from the West. About three o'clock the next morning 
they were aroused by a messenger with news from Hatfield, 
that "all the western world was coming down to mob Col. 
Williams and others," and that all hands must go down to his 
protection. The meet was at Jonathan Arms's. One hundred 
men rallied at the call, and about half-past seven the van 
guard were on the ground. About 9 o'clock Hadley appeared 

EVERY- DAY LIFE IN 1 774- 685 

with one hundred and ten men, Amherst with seventy, and 
fifty Hatfield men were afoot — all to keep down the mob. 
These were the law and order men of both parties. " The 
forenoon was spent in walking about." " The Deerfield com- 
pany dined with William Williams. After dinner they 
marched over to Col. Partridge's, drank, then walked down 
street." The mob of fifty men soon appeared and were sur- 
rounded. " Being asked what they came for, they produced 
a No. of charges against Col. Partridge. The Col. appeared 
before the mob, vindicated himself, and the company voted 
they were satisfied with what y'^ Col. said," and soon dis- 
persed. The mob declared they had been sent for by Hat- 
field people — some of the Tories said, for " Private pique." 
Before the rescuers separated a " Covenant to be signed by 
the people to prevent mobbing " was agreed upon, and one of 
the Deerfield men agreed to make copies enough to supply 
one to each town. 

Sept. 8th, a " Regular" was brought into town for examina- 
tion. " The Fellow was under arrest for attempting to Rob 
on y'' Highway." Judge Williams " would not act as justice, 
but only gave his advice." The result is not knowm. This 
" Regular" may have been a deserter from the British forces 
at Boston. About this time Sunderland Whigs had organized 
a company of minute men, and had employed a "deserter" 
to drill them. The doctor had been for ten years a justice of 
the Court of Common Pleas, but after his recent experience 
at Springfield, he ignored the judicial ermine. That evening 
a party of young men met at his house by invitation. He 
doubtless prescribed treatment tending to allay the fevered 
pulse of the people. The judge seems never to have been 
molested in his own town by any mobites. 

This picture of the " times that tried men's souls " will be 
incomplete with only one side on exhibition. The people 
were not, as might be inferred from historv and tradition, 
wholly absorbed in political affairs. A few touches from ev- 
ery-day life may perhaps give a more correct view of these 
trying times. I copy from fragments of a diary kept by a 
medical student at the office of Dr. and Judge Williams in 
1774. It is merely brief notes of every-day life like what is 
going on about each one of us all the time. He was doing 
only what his fellows were doing, and so represents the pe- 


riod. An idyl or a romance can hardly be expected in the 
commonplace record of a sini^le week ; but, so far as it goes, 
it is real life in Dcerficld a hundred and twenty years ago, and 
Sfivcn as such : — 

Sept. 9. I'his Morning after Breakfast, 1 went iiji street, went to 
John Se.xtons. Upon my Return saw John \\'illianis, who liad re- 
turned from Boston yesterday and brought his Lady with him. 
About eleven 1 came home, spent my time in writing till Dinner, 
after whirh 1 came into y"" (iarret. .About _^ Tolly came up. She 
tarried till 5 with me, was very sociable. 1 went and spent the ev- 
ening at my Dada's and Brothers. 

loth. Spent all the forenoon in making Rivenns Tills; dined, aft 
er which I spent some time chatting with Tolly. About three went 
up to Jno W's store, bot me a pr of Breeches; saw Jno, was invited 
to drink tea with him & his Lady, but declined (!\: went down to Cat- 
lin's, drank flip with Barnard, walked down to Munns with him, tar- 
ried there till sunset, then came from there iS: went up to my Dada's; 
found S. Williams .S: Dolly there; they had just come from Hatfield. 
1 tarried and spent the evening with them & returned to my Lodg- 
ings about Nine. Mrs. W. soon went off to bed, I sat iV talked with 
y'' Ladies till Ten. 

nth. Tarried at home this forenoon, being Sunday. In y'^' after- 
noon waited upon y^' Ladies to Meeting, our Tew being full 1 went 
and sat in Catlins Pew; Polly sat with me; saw Mr. Jno W's J,ady \; 
others at meeting. Y"' exercise being over, Williams came with me 
to the Doctor's. Tarried and drank tea with us here. Sabbath be- 
ing ended, Williams tS: myself waited upon y Ladies up to my Dada's 
to see Mrs. Williams. Samuel and myself went over to my Brothers, 
tarried there till nme, then went back, chatted till ten, then waited 
upon y'= Ladies Home, went into y" Back Kitchen and chatted awhile, 
and then to bed. 

1 2th. After Breakfast was over I went up to my Dada's to see 
Mrs. Williams; S. Williams went away about nine, he had been with 
Charissa the evening before. 1 tarried y'' forenoon there and dined 
— a very agreeable Time we had. Dolly told me Stoddard was com- 
ing to see Betsey, &c. After dinner 1 came to my Lodgings, sat in 
y" shop most of y'^ afternoon. Dolly and Betsey came and made a 
visit here; about sunset I went down to Catlins, spent y^' evening 
with him. After I came home went into y^' kitchen, supped; Cynthia 
was with me. I sat some time & Polly came; we sat up till after ten. 

13th. This morning walked up to see Dolly, tarried till ten, then 
returned and went to reading, read till Dinner was ready, after which 
1 went into y^ (rarret; had not been there long before Polly came up; 
she chatted some Time with me about our Being married. 1 stayed 
and read till six P. M., then went up to my Dada's. Dolly not being 
there 1 went to my Brothers, found her there. 1 tarried (S: spent 
the evening with her; a fine evening we had of it. Returned about 
Ten, chatted with the Girls some 'Time, then to bed. 

14th. All the forenoon was spent in gadding about. After Din- 
ner Polly scratched my head. 1 told her I designed waiting upon 


her in y'= evening, with her Consent, she answered & said 1 had got 
that some time ago. After four I went home, fixed myself for Sun- 
derhmd, carried my sister | Doliyj over there; Drank coffee with 
Billings, Esq., tarried till some time in y'^' evening, then came home, 
got here just before Nine; Found Mrs. Partridge and Samuel here. 
Heph being here I went into y^' B. kitchen & chatted with her & the 
Ladies some time. After Prayers was over, I went into y'^ kitchen, 
found Polly alone there. Taking hold of her Hand & telling of her 
it was mine, she said it was a bad one. I told her 1 would not have 
it abused so, but would take it off; she said she wished I would. I 
then asked her about my sitting with her; she said she did not know 
& said something always happened, and upon my saying we had bet- 
ter throw y*-' courtship up, she said we had better put an end to it by 
M g. I chatted with her about an hour, then to Bed, with Par- 

15th. After Breakfast walked down to Catlins with Partridge. 
Stay'd there ab't an hour; from there \Ve went up to my Dada's. I 
was set to turning hay, which held me till one. We then returned 
to y*^ Doct's, dined, after which Partridge & myself took horse & 
rode out to N. Dickinsons. Pulled a tooth. Nat not being at 
home, We went up y^ Mountain, found him; on coming back I bro't 
my horse down, bled him, drank Tea, &c., which being done. We set 
out for home, got here about Dark. Soon after I got home C. 
showed me a letter she rec'd from J. Buck, in answer to one men- 
tioned heretofore, y'' Porport of which was that there was a misun- 
derstanding between them, & that he had no thought of making. his 
addresses to her. I went into y*" kitchen, found Poy there, with 
whom I chatted a little while; upon my hinting my design of sitting 
with her, she said she was very tired, but hoped she should feel bet- 
ter before Bed Time. Prayers being over Pat'ge, y*" Ladies & my- 
self went into y'' kitchen again. Poy yet seemed to be very Tired. 
She soon made a Motion for Bed, but upon my Desire she sat down, 
& then I asked her whether she would sit up or not, & that she would 
not sit up purposely to oblige me, But desired she would go to Bed. 
She sternly replied and said she would not. I then desired her to 
go into y'' South Room, to which she consented; upon her retir'g, 
C. followed & left Partridge alone; with much Litreaty I persuaded 
her to return. Poy & I went into y South Room; I soon began & 
told her I was almost determined never to plague her any more, & 
wondered she was not sick of me since I was so very fond. She said 
she was not & that I had no reason to think it. I told her I thought 
we never should get together. She said she would not think of sep- 
aration, & if it must come to pass, she wished it might be by Death, 
and that she was sure it would never happen by her means. We 
parted about twelve, left Partridge with C. with whom he sat till 
two, then came to bed to me. 

1 6th. This forenoon was spent part at y'' Doct's, y*^ other part 
at my Dada's. Partridge went up with me. We went to my Broth- 
ers, stayed there a little while, then he went with me over to y« 
other house. But upon my going to turn hay he went from there. 
I was busy till Dinner came (;n. Whilst we were at Dinner I pro- 
posed to my Dada my going away, to which he made no answer. 


After Dinner I went to making hay at which I continued till dark. 
I then came to y" Doct's, found Mr. & Mrs. Buckminster here. 
I tarried but a little while, took Partridge with me & went down to 
Catlins, spent y*^ f^vening there, return'' about Nine, spent some 
time with y"^^ Ladies, then to bed with Partridge. 

17th. After Breakfast at y"^ Doct's desire 1 went up to the past- 
ure to fetch some Horses; Partridge went with me. Soon after our 
return, Partridge set out for home with his Mamma. I then walked 
home to help my Dada about his Hay. Worked till three A. M., 
then took the carriage & carried Tirzah down to Muddy Brook; 
went to Dwellees upon Business. We tarried y"" but a little while; 
upon our Return We went into Lt. Field, upon Invitation, eat some 
Baked liear, which was very good; got home about Dark. 1 then 
took my things for Sunday & came to my Lodgings. Spent y" even- 
ing in y'' sht)p; Poy spent part of it with me; about nine to Bed. 

i8th. Waited upon y'' Ladies to meeting, sat in the C'orner Pew 
with them. Mr. Buckminster preached. In y afternoon waited 
upon y'' ladies again, sat in Catlin's pew with Cynthia. Mr. B. 
preached again; spent y*^ rest of y Day in reading. P^vening Prayers 
being over and Poy going up to make my Bed I went up with her. 
After she had made it we sat and chatted some Time; We were to- 
gether about an Hour, then came down and walked up to my Broth- 
ers. We were detained there by the Rain till after ten; when we 
came home y'' People were abed. I sat with her * * * 'pi^e 
Conversation turned upon my settling in Life. I asked her whether 
she would be will'g to go into y'' Woods with me? to which she an- 
swered that she was will'g to go anywhere with mc, But desired I 
would never Tarry in Deerfield. I then asked her whether she 
would not have me if I did. She said she could not think I had any 
thots of it, since it would not be to my advantage. I told her y'' 
tho'ts of driving into the woods among Strangers was dreadful. She 
said it was, but others had done it & hoped y*^ We should do well. 
* * * thus spending our time from half-past ten to one in a gloomy 
manner We retired to bed. 

19th. After breakfast was over I went into old fort to bring some 
Horses up. After that I went down to Catlins upon Business, tar- 
ried there till twelve; then returned; about one Dined, after w'' I 
help't tackle y'^ Horses & about 3 Mr. Buckminster & Lady set out 
in order to go to Gt. Barrington; Mrs. W^illiams went away with y"', 
designed Hatfield. I then chatted with y Ladies about an Hour; 
proposed a Ride to l*oy, to w'' she Consented, of which We were dis- 
appointed. I went home about 5, tarried there some Time. Mrs. 
Dwelley was y"^; she bro't me a 1-4 of Rackcoon. I went to Jona's, 
staid y' till sunset, then went to E. Fields House, found [ Jeut. Par- 
tridge, bro't him up to y*' Docf'', here he tarried some Time, then 
with y'' Doct. walked down to Catlins, found a No. of people y"', Rev. 
Ashley, Harvey f'" Montague — his hon"" Harvey had a fine Trim- 
ming from }"" Cent, that was there respecting his abus- Catlin at 
Springfield, mak*-' him get down on his Knees and ask forgiveness. 
We tarried y' till about eleven. Partridge came and slej-jt with me. 

20th. Walked up to my Dada's this morning, got him to draw up 
a Confession for Harvey to sign — of which I have a copy — the near- 


ried it down to Catlin, after which I came home & Breakfasted, Tar- 
ried Home y*^ rest of y'^^^ Forenoon. After Dinner I went over to 
Dick's shop, chatted with Heph. some Time about my Courtship, 
then went up to my Brothers, tarried till almost four, then came 
back & went into y*" Garret; C. & Boy soon came up; I read a Letter 
to C. which I had wrote to Batty. Y>' soon went down. Twas 
not long before 1 went down in y*^' B. kitchen. Boy came in y""*^, de- 
sired to see my Letter, which 1 read to her, which she approvod of 
& advised me to keep a copy of it. 1 then went down to Catlin, 
brought him up to y School House, as there was a meeting y'''^ in 
order to chuse Delegates to go to N. Hampton to a County Con- 
gress y'^ 22d of this instant, to Consult upon Measures to be enter'd 
into by y'^ County. Lt Field & Thos Dickinson were chosen. Bro- 
vided y>' could not go, then Jno Bardwell & D. Saxton were to go. 
Catlin & I with y*^ Doct'r went up to Jona's supped upon Rackcoon. 
I y'''^ rec'd an Invitation to Dwights Wedding; we tarried y'"' till Ten, 
then we came home, Catlin came in with us. Soon Diana Hinsdale 
came in & invited Boy to her wedding with some others; y^' soon 
went away. Catlin tarried till eleven & went away. I then soon 
pushed off to bed. 

24th. I asked Boy soon after I got up whether she had Deter- 
mined about going up to y'^' wedding. She said she had not asked 
her Mamma, but after Breakfast, I went & got my horse shod. 
Whilst he was shoeing I went down to Catlins, chatted a long while 
with Mrs. Catlin; she told me how she felt in y*-' time of her Court- 
ship, which was affecting. About Ten 1 came away, took my horse 
& rode over to Cheapside & went to making hay, worked till Noon, 
then came to my Dada's, found Heph there, dined, &c, after which 
I shew Heph y*^ Covenant Boy & I had entered into. She said it 
was a very strong one & said Boy never could get away from it. I 
told her my feelings «S: desired she would send for Boy, over to her 
Brothers shop & find out if she could. She said she would. The 
afternoon I spent in making Hay. I returned to y*^ Doct's about 
Dark 8z had not been here long before Boy came & sat down by me: 
she told me she had asked her Mamma & that she had given her 
Consent & that she was determined to go. I spent y*^ Evening at 
Home in read'g to y'^ Ladies; to bed at Nine. 

25th. Being Sunday I went to fneetmg forenoon & Afternoon. 
Mrs.Upham was at meeting in y*^ forenoon, Mrs. Foxcroft in y*^ After- 
noon; y*^ rest of y'" day was spent in reading. In y'' Evening I went 
over to Lt Field's, heard him tell me about y'^ Congress, mentioned 
heretofore, then with E. Field walked down to Lt. Catlins & spent 
y'^ Evening y'', about Eleven came home & to Bed. 

26th. After Breakfast I went home, tarried but a little while, 
dressed Corse's face soon after I came home, after that I went into 
y'^ Meadow, pitched a Couple Load of Hay for y'- Doct., this took 
me till one, then came home & Dined. Affer Dinner Cynthia asked 
my advice about going to Jack Williams. I told her I thought it 
very Improper as she had rec'd no Invitation to go & shew her where- 
in it was so, iS: after much Conversation had upon the Matter we 
parted, 1 went over into New Fort to pitch another Load of hay for 
the Doct. Upon my Return I found y'' Ladies dressing for y*^ above 


s^ Place, where y>' went. 1 after y>' were Gone went up to my Broth- 
ers and wrote a Deed for him; it took me till Dark. 1 then went 
down to Catlins, spent y'^' Evening there with Catlin & Doct Barnard, 
just after Nine 1 came home, had not been at home long before y"" 
Ladies came, Mr. Williams with them; he tarrie not long; y" Ladies 
told me y>' had a fine Afternoon of it; sat till I went to Bed. 

27th. After Breakfast I went getting ready to go to D wights 
wedding, travel'd about till I was almost tired & about 12 got fixt, 
came with my Carriage up to y*" Docts,' took Miss Poy in & went up 
to Mr. Arms, where we were invited to wait upon y'^ Wedners, found 
y>' had all got y'''^, viz, two Dwights, Lyman, Graves, Smith, JJard- 
well, Howe & Stebbins. We tarried there about an hour then 
pushed on to Greenfield, where y"^^ JSLirriage was to be Celebrated. 
Supped, then y'' were Married & Dwight (S: my sister, Field & Heph 
stood as Assistants. After they were joined, we went to Dancing; 
there was a Number invited out of y"^ Town to y° Wedding. I tar- 
ried till nine then came away with P., Dwight & my sister & a No 
of others. Upon our return, Dwight, C, Poy & myself stopt at 
Blises store; was there but a few minutes & when we came out 1 
found my Reins to my Carriage were cut in two, y*^ other horses had 
their Tails cut off, and y^ Side Saddle cut. We fixt & once more 
set out and got home about eleven without any Trouble. Dwight 
stopt at my Dada's with C. I came & saw Poy well home, tarried & 
Chatted with C & Poy some Time, then took my Carriage up to my 
Dada's & put it out. Supped with Dwight, set up a little while, 
then he went to Bed. 

28th. I with y'^ Comp'y mentioned heretofore set out from Mr. 
Arms to go to Belcher to wait upon Mr. Dwight, Mr. Arms & a No 
from Greenfield, not mentioned heretofore. We got as far as Mud- 
dy Brook. Mr. Arms was then prevented from going any farther 
by reason of his father's Death, w'' happened y preceding P'vening, y*" 
rest drove on, went to Billings in Sunderland, then stopt, drank, 
&c., then set out again, drove on to Fields in Amherst. I went down 
in a carriage with Poy. We were as dumb as stokes upon y'^' road; 
here we stopt. Eat & Drank, tarried about an hour, then set out 
again, nothing said between Poy and I; y next stop y'^ company 
made was at Graves's, Belcher drank cherry then drove on again. 
We had rode about a Mile & ^ & met 26 Couple who came out to 
meet us. Ceremony being over iS: falling in ord made a fine Show. 
Got to y® Grooms House about two, where we dressed ourselves, 
then walked to Capt Dwight's & Dined, after which was over re- 
turned back to y^ Grooms & went to Dancing. We had no Fiddle but 
a fine Singer; danced some time. About nine Poy as she was very un- 
well went off & lay down. Finding out where she was I went down <!<: 
sat with her. In conversation she asked me what my Notion was to go 
off. I asked her where, she said to y'' West Lidia w"' Capt Starr. 
I told her it was to get rid of my Doubts and fears. She asked me 
whether I thought I should help myself that way. I told her I 
thought it would be a means of her being more happy cV said I hoped 
her second Lover would not give her so much uneasiness as I had 
done. She said I never gave her unhappiness, but should it 1 left her 
& went off at w^'' when she spoke she cryed cS: begged I never would 


mention anything of a Second Lover, as that made her very uneasy, 
* * * AVhen the compa'y broke up we came out, I tarried & supped, 
then we went to Capt Dvvights with Fliny & Field, slept y"" in comp" 
w"' Dyreno Dwight, who was at y*^ Wedding. 

29th. After Breakfast at Capt Dwights, walked up to y** Grooms, 
from y'" to Doct How's, chatted some time with Mrs. How, shaved, 
then went back to Dwights, dressed myself for Dinner, & about two 
walked down to Capt Dwights, Dined, after which returned & went 
to Dancing. Had a large collection y"" y'' second day. About 5 
Pliny & Chariss, Poy & 1 took a walk, returned about sunset & again 
to Dancing, Danced till nine, (Poy treated me with a great deal of 
indifference) when Poy & 1 went over to Doct Hows to see Heph, 
who was very unwell, the house being fastened could not see her. 
We returned & sat together & chatted about an hour. The compa- 
ny broke up about eleven. ' After they were gone, supper being 
over, I took Poy and went into y*^ kitchen & sat up till two — a very 
fine evening we had. Pliny sat up with Charissa. I slept with Dr. 
Caldwell at Dwights. 

30th. Spent y'' Morning till ten gadding about & getting ready 
to come home. When we set out for home a No rode out with us. 
We stopt at Graves, then rode on; y'' company came out about 1)/^ 
miles from Graves, then turned about, except Pliny & Smith, who 
came along with us; Field tV Heph went by Hatfield, y*^ rest by Am- 
herst; C. Dwight came with us to Fields, where we dined. Poy & I 
were very Dull all y^ way to Fields; we tarried there till three, when 
we came away; parted with the Belcher company & C. Dwight. 

They "drank cherry" at Billings and were home at six. 
At least two of the young men who attended this wedding 
were married within two months, when similar ceremonies 
were repeated. 

October loth, 1774, Elihti Field and Hephzibah Dickinson 
set out on horseback for Boston, probably upon an ante-nup- 
tial wedding tour, as they were " published " the next vSttn- 

November 24th, Elijah Arms of Mill River for a second 
wife married Esther Lyman of Northampton. Her friends 
escorted them in due form to their home, where a lot of 
Deerfield people were ready to meet them. At four o'clock 
a '"good supper" was served. The evening was spent in 
dancing, and the whole of the next day was occupied in the 
festivities of the occasion. November 27th, Thomas W. 
Dickinson and Thankful Field, and Jonathan Anns and his 
second wife Eunice Lyman, were cried in meeting. The 
young town clerk /r6' tern "was almost terrified to death " by 
this official duty. December 2d, a party took a " supper of oys- 
ters" at the house of Joel Munn. Joel had been a sailor and 


had married a Marblehead girl. This may acconiiL for this 
maritime entertainment so unusual in the valley. 

The convention at Northampton, for which delt^oates were 
chosen here September 20th, was called to concert measures 
to be adopted under the late attack by Parliament upon our 
constitutional rights under the charter. Two days were 
spent in deliberation, and resolutions were passed concern- 
ing the rights and duties of the people. They assert that 
Gage is not their constitutional governor and that his writs 
for the General Court to meet at vSalcm ;ire not valid. They 
recommend a Provincial Congress to meet at Concord, Octo- 
ber 2d ; that town meetings be called " in accordance with 
ancient usage." They recommend a strict observance of the 
non-importation agreement, and that traders who refused to 
sign such an agreement be boycotted ; that no money be 
paid to " H. Gray Treasurer," but be kept subject to town or- 
der; that the people make themselves acquainted with the 
military art under men of their own choosing. In accordance 
with the recommendation of the County Convention our next 
town meeting was called by a warrant issued "Agreeable to 
the Charter of King William and Queen Mary," but the Tory 
town clerk did not recognize this change in the record, nor 
did he make any record at all of the September 2d and Octo- 
ber 7th meetings. 

Gov. Gage had issued a call for the election of a new Gen- 
eral Court to meet at Salem, October 5th, but on account of 
the action at the County Conventions he made proclamation, 
September 28th, forbidding the session. All the same, how- 
ever, the representatives met at the time appointed and. the 
governor not appearing, resolved themselves into a Provin- 
cial Congress, and adjourned to meet at Concord, October 
I ith, as before related. The news llew like wild fire. Deer- 
field had not sent a representative at the summons of (xage, 
but now a town meeting was warned over night to meet Oc- 
tober 7th, and Samuel Barnard was chosen to represent the 
town in this new departure for liberty. Other patriots in this 
body were Daniel Nash, of Greenfield; John Taylor, Shel- 
burne; Thomas French, Conway ; Israel Hubbard, of Sunder- 
land; Moses Gunn, of Montague ; Samuel Williams, Warwick ; 
Hugh Maxwell, Charlemont ; Phineas Wright, Northficld ; 
Thomas McGee, Colrain ; and William Page, of New Salem. 


The Congress adjourned to Concord and to Cambridge the 
17th. This Congress took upon itself the direction of affairs 
in the colony, chose a treasurer and executive board with 
John Hancock at its head, which was called the " Committee 
of Safety ;" and the machinery of an independent govern- 
ment was set in motion. 

Its most important work was the election of delegates to 
the Continental Congress, and the action whereby the towns 
elected members to a new Congress, to meet Feb. ist, 1775. 
The Tories were in a flurry. A party gathered at Green- 
field Oct. loth, but the not very agreeable spectacle was pre- 
sented of a company of minute men exercising under Capt. 
Timothy Childs, a recent emigrant from Deerfield. October 
17th, a new military company, to be under the orders of the 
new Congress, was organized here. Thomas Dickinson was 
chosen captain, John Bardwell, ensign, and David Dickinson, 
clerk. The selectmen gave Samuel Barnard an order on the 
treasury for £4 4 s to pay his expenses to Concord. A Com- 
mittee of Correspondence and Safety was chosen here. But, 
as there was no record of this made, the names of the com- 
mittee are not known. 

The fast appointed for Nov. 3d was observed by religious 
services here. Mr. Lyman of Hatfield preached in the morn- 
ing, and Rufus Wells of Whately, a Deerfield man, in the 
afternoon. Parson Ashley would have nothing to do with the 
affair. As he firmly believed the Lord was on the side of the 
King, it would only be labor thrown away. Nov. iith, the 
" sham officers," as the Tories dubbed them, of the new mil- 
itary companies met at Northampton to choose regimental 
field officers. David Field was chosen colonel, and David 
Dickinson, major, both of Deerfield. 

When the crisis came upon the country, the militia officers 
of course held their commissions under authority of the 
King. If these officers were Whigs their commissions were 
thrown up. A paper in Memorial Hall, signed by Jesse Bel- 
ding and twenty-nine others, shows how the matter was ar- 
ranged in Hatfield before authority was assumed by the Pro- 
vincial Congress, or minute companies organized : — 

We the subscribers apprehending the military exercise is s]")ecially 
Requisite at this Day, and altho Capt. Allis, Lieut. Partridge and 
Ens. Dickinson have pubUcly deckired that they will not act as mil- 


itary officers under the acts of Parliament in the support «)f the same . 
J)Ut we desire that they should call us together and exercise us by 
themselves or such others as they shall judge likely to teath and in- 
struct us in the military art. 
Oct. 4, 1774- 

The Tories were not idle ; there was much riding up and 
down the valley and many anxiotis confabs, but none of them 
doubted the final issue would be favorable to the king. 

November 15th, Maj. Dwight, Capt. vStoddard of North- 
ampton and Mr. Holbroke of Boston arrived here about dark. 
They spent the evening in consultation with Parson Ashley, 
Judge Williams and others, and went off the next morning. 

December 5th, a town meeting was called under the char- 
ter of William and Mary. The selectmen were directed to 
procure a stock of powder and lead, and a committee was 
chosen to raise money by selling the wood on the town land. 

December i ith. Parson Ashley refused to read the procla- 
mation issued by the Congress for a thanksgiving day, but 
at the request of the people it was read by his son, Esq. Jon- 
athan Ashley. There is a story current concerning this 
sturdy, uncompromising loyalist which is good enough to be 
true, but nothing is found to corroborate it. It is to the 
effect that when Parson Ashley finished reading from the 
pulpit the first proclamation ending with the customary 
" God save the Commonwealth of Massachusetts," that he 
rose to his full hight and with stentorian tones added. " And 
the King, too, I say, or we are an undone people." 

Another story is, that in a sermon soon after the battle of 
Bunker Hill he declared that the souls of the rebels who fell 
there went straight to the bad. When he went back for llie 
afternoon service he found the ptilpit door nailed up. lie 
called tipon his deacon, Jona. Arms, the blacksmith who lived 
over the way, to get some instrument and open the door. 
The deacon replied that he did not use his tools on the Sab- 

There are at least two improbabilities about this story. 
One is that Jonathan Arms was a Tory and would have been 
glad to do the bidding ; the other, that he was not chosen 
deacon until six years after Ashley's death. 

I think the following may be relied upon as true. Ashley 
preached the Bunker Ilill sermon in Greenfield one Sunday 


mornine; when he returned for the afternoon service he 
found an indignant crowd blocking- the doorway ; he was el- 
bowed back whenever he essayed to enter and was made to 
understand the reason. When told they should " not rebuke 
an Elder," stout Samuel Hinsdale exclaimed, " An Elder ! An 
Elder ! If you had not said you was an Elder, I should have 
thought you was a pison shoemake !" There was no service 
that afternoon. 

1775. The western part of the county was all astir. The 
patriots were largely in the ascendency, and were disposed 
to carry things with a high hand. They did not relish the law 
and order resolutions of the valley towns. January 2d, the 
wife of Capt. Reed, his daughter-in-law and her baby, were 
killed at " No. 5 " by a falling tree. The whole country round 
gathered at their funeral on the 4th. After the services 
were over, the people collected in groups, discussing the 
great questions of the hour. There was hot talk of going 
aofain to mob Col. Israel Williams at Hatfield, who was con-' 
sidered the head and shoulders of the Tory party in Western 
Massachusetts. They were anxious to " humble him." It 
was said that Col. Easton of Pittsfield had sent him a threat- 
ening letter. Capt. Cadey declared he. "was glad of it and 
hoped it would give the old dog a start and drive him off to 
Boston ;" said he " ought to be shut up in gaol, for he was as 
subtle as the devil, and could lay schemes as deep as hell." 

Col. Eager of Worthington was disposed to pour oil on the 
troubled waters and said that Col. Pomroy and Maj. Hawley, 
the prominent Whig leaders, had advised against their going 
down. Joseph Lyman of Northampton was reported as say- 
ing that " Northampton people were blind, and would not do 
anything until their throats were cut, and he wished the peo- 
ple would come down and Humble the Old Dog, for he de- 
served it, and that his conduct was not sufferable, and that 
he had enlisted a number of men in Hatfield " for service 
under Gage. Nathaniel Dickinson of Deerfield, Asa White 
and John Partridge of Hatfield, and Maj Stoddard of North- 
ampton, of the Tory party, went up to see about the affair, 
also Ensign Clark and Zebediah Marsh of the Whigs. 

January 5th, Capt. Bowen from Boston (?) was at Deerfield 
in consultation with Parson Ashley. He advised the Tories 
to go to Boston. He said " the standard would be set up in 


March and they who did not come in and lay down their 
arms mig-ht meet with bad luck." Soon after, John Rnt^-gdes 
from Hardwick, who had often visited Deertield, where he 
had intimate friends, came here on some Tory errand, but 
he was mobbed by the Whigs and driven out of town. He 
was a son of Gen. Timothy Ruggles, one of the prescribed 
members of Gage's Council, and probably came here to ob- 
tain signers to the famous " Association " of the Tories, or- 
ganized by his father a few weeks before. Father and son 
were both banished to Nova Scotia, where the brigadier kept 
tavern after the Revolution. A letter written from here 
January 17th, says: — 

It is a very besy time with us, mobbing and dismissing ministers 
— in vain to tell you the business of the day. As for the windows 
and doors I shall keep them shut against the A — t and not take up 
with tin mending — but, sir, things run high with us and lunv they 
will end I know not. The Asso — is the first tuesday in fcberary. 
Miss is better than yousal for the winter. 

Mr. Solomon Williams kept Sabath with us last Scibath, and Miss 
Betsey, and Cresha, and Samme. We had a fine evening of it. All 
the Miss Williams were here. Jack Williams and Lieut. Catlin. 

January 23d, a town meeting was held. It was not the 
practice at this time, or for many years after, to record the 
warrants for town meetings, and the records of the proceed- 
ings often fail to give a correct idea of the business before 
the meeting. The warrant for this meeting has been found. 

Article 6 is to choose one or more suitable persons as Delegates 
to meet a Provincial Congress, to be holden at Cambridge, on y^' 
first day of Feb. next, or sooner if need be, there to Resolve on any 
matter or thing y^ may be Thought proper to Prevent y^' Ruin cV 
Destruction of North America in (xeneral & this Province in par- 
ticular &: to continue and set by adjournment until y'= 25th of May 
next. [Col. David Field and Maj. David Wells were chosen Dele- 
gates to attend one at a time. J 

Art. 7. To choose a Committee of Inspection in order to see y' 
y" Resolves of y*' Continental Congress l)e strictly adhered to in this 
town. [Col. Field, Capt. Thomas Dickinson, Lieut. John Russell, 
David Saxton and Maj. Salah Barnard were chosen.] 

Art. 9 was to see if the town would direct their tax gatherers to 
pay the proceeds to Henry Gardner of Stowe. 

Gardner was the new Province Treasurer, and doubtless the 
town voted to do so ; but there is no record of any vote. This 
was an excited meeting, and there was high talk on both 
sides. The meeting was adjourned to January 17th. A let- 
ter writen at that date from Hatfield says: — 


John Williams said something at the last meeting whicji displeased 
them [the WhigsJ and he is threatened with a mob. They were ex- 
pected this day, but whether they visited him or not, I have not 
heard. O! tempore, O mores! 

Neither have I heard, tmless a traditionary anecdote refers 
to this case. The story runs, that when a mob had gathered 
about Williams's house, they found it garrisoned by well- 
armed friends ; that as they were advancing to break in the 
front door, a window over it was opened and Seth Catlin ap- 
peared, musket in hand, threatening to blow a lane through 
them if they advanced another step. The crowd knew him 
too well to doubt his meaning, and a parley was called. A 
committee of the mob was admitted, and for an hour the 
cjuestions at issue were debated. Meanwhile the committee 
were well plied with hot, strong flip. The committee de- 
clared themselves well satisfied, went out and reported to 
their constituents that Mr. Williams was a good patriot and 
had given Christian satisfaction. This report, and the argu- 
ment presented by Liettt. Catlin, settled the affair, and the 
mob dispersed. 

Nathaniel Dickinson, who lived out at Mill River, on or 
near the farm lately occupied by Dea. vStowell, was under the 
influence of Col. Israel Williams, and a "High Tory." Prob- 
ably as agent for Col. Williams, he made the trip to Berkshire 
county in Jantiary. He was earnest, out-spoken, took no 
pains to conceal his sentiments, and became obnoxious to the 
Whigs. Soon after his rettirn from Berkshire he set out for 
Boston. He "was mobbed three times and sent back." 
Thursday, Jan. 26th, he was back at Hatfield, where a mob 
drove him out of town. Monday night he lodged at Sunder- 
land, "where a mob collected, but could not find him." His 
trouble arose from the fact that he had been found to be a 
messenger for Col. Williams, bearing letters from him to 
parties in Boston. The ire of the Whigs was roused against 
the colonel, as well as Dickinson, and Moses How of Belcher- 
town, and one Harmon rode night and day through the coun- 
try as far as Pittsfield, stirring up the people to go to Hat- 
field and capture hiin. He was charged with enlisting men 
for, and corresponding with, Gen. Gage, but the exact con- 
tents of his letters do not appear. How was successful. 
John Brown took the field and led the Berkshire forces to the 


ThursdaY, Feb. 2d, the mob which How had raised ap- 
peared at Hatfield, 150 strong. They seized Col. Williams 
and his son Israel, and took them over to Hadley. At night 
they were confined in a room under a guard of seventeen 
men with loaded mnskets. Late in the evening there was an 
alarm, and cry of "Indians! Indians!" "The guard swore 
that if anybody appeared to rescue them that they would 
blow his and his son's brains but on the spot, which terrified 
him much." 

During the night some outside party stopped up the chim- 
ney, and the guard were driven out by the smoke, but the 
prisoners were forced to endure it as best they could. The 
next morning the colonel and his son were called out for an 
examination, " before the people to make answer to the 
charges brought against them." The colonel said, "they 
could prove nothing against him." But they were made to 
sign an obligation that they would not do anything to oppose 
Congress, would not correspond with Gage, and would op- 
pose certain specified acts of Parliament, and then were dis- 
missed. Capt. Stoddard of Northampton was brought over 
to Hadley Friday, and on vSaturday he also signed the paper 
and was released. " There was a mob at Sunderland which 
began Thursday morning and lasted till vSaturday night." 
The victims, or objects, do not appear. Perhaps Nat. Dickin- 
son had been found and hauled over the coals. Colonel Wil- 
liams, when in the hands of a previous mob in Berkshire 
county, had signed a similar paper, but had declared that he 
did not feel bound under such circumstances. But if the mob 
had not " smoked old Williams to a Whig," they had at least 
"humbled the old Dog," and they dispersed satisfied. These 
outrages must have been sustained by public opinion, for the 
law and order element made no effort to stop the proceed- 
ings. The times were critical. Williams was a man of great 
influence. Whether or not he was engaged in raising men 
for Gage, he was certainly in correspondence with him. Feb- 
ruary 8th was another fast, appointed by the ministers ; Rev. 

Mr. Hubbard of Northfield and Mr. Hooker of ? officiated 

at a service here. 

May ist, Maj. Stoddard of Pittsfield was taken to North- 
ampton by the Whigs for writing to Maj. Hawley that his 
"neck would go for it." "As the major is in a melancholy 


way, they attributed it to Stoddard's letter." But time proved 
that that staunch patriot, the compeer of Sam Adams, was not 
made of such namby-pamby stuff as this charge would indi- 
cate. Berkshire was a hot-bed of sedition, and March ist the 
valley Tories sent up a messenger to find out what would " be 
done to them in case of an engagement." No reply has been 

March 21st, the Tories arrested for firing upon the Liberty 
men of Westminster, Vt., arrived here under an armed guard 
of forty men, and spent the night at Catlin's tavern. They 
were on their way to the prison at Northampton. Several 
Deerfield Tories visited the prisoners. It was galling to them 
to see these judges, the high sheriff, and other leading men 
in the hands of the Whig patriots of Vermont, and there was 
some trouble in getting out of the prisoners' room. " No- 
body might go out without leave of John Wood, commander." 
" Having a poor opinion of the man," they " could not stom- 
ach to ask his liberty." So they tried to force their way out. 
One of them "got into a jaw with Wood, and gave him his 
character in full tail." When Wood returned, March 25th, 
there was another "jaw, when Catlin gave it to him up hill 
and down." Judge Sabin and his fellow prisoners were de- 
livered to the authorities of New York shortly after their in- 
carceration at Northampton. 

Notwithstanding the Provincial Congress declared all tea 
drinkers enemies of the country, and directed the Commit- 
tees of Safety to deal with them as such when discovered, the 
use of the fragrant herb was not unusual among the Tories. 
It was smuggled from one town to another in various ways. 
May 26th, Col. Williams sent from Great Barrington to Dr. 
Thomas Williams here, a package of " Monongahela Balsam, 
which turned out to be fine green tea," and a good joke on 
the bearer. 

April 5th, the Tories had the cheering news, received at 
Marblehead, April ist, that " 14 regiments of foot, 2 of artil- 
lery and 1 7 sail of the Line were on the way to Boston." April 
loth, Seth Catlin had word from John Williams that vessels 
had left Boston to pilot the British troops in. A party of 
Tories had the news with their coffee, and says one of the 
party, "We had a very agreeable evening." The next day 
Col. Israel Williams gave his friends a dinner party. They 


were served with a " fine Indian pudding', and after that a 
pieee of roast beef and also a dish of alamode beef." The 
feasting Tories thought their troubles were fast drawing' to 
a elose. 

xVpril 20th, a town meeting was held. After providing for 
transferring the papers of the elerk and treasurer to the new 
Whig ineumbents, they, — 

Voted that y Minute Cunipany, so called in this Town (as an \\n- 
couragement to their perfecting themselves in the Military Art) be 
allowed by the Town y^' following sums, viz. : to y" Capt tV' two 
Lieuts each two shillings, to y'' clerk one shilling & six pence, and 
to the non-commissioned Officers (It J'rivates one shilling each for 
one-half day in a week, until ordered otherwise by y'' Selectmen, 
who are hereby api)ointed a C^ommittee to determine how- long y'' 
said Company shall Draw y above mentioned wages. 

It was then provided that the eompany should receive back 
pay for time spent in exereising, at one half the above rates. 
The meeting then adjourned to the 26th. It is evident from 
the record of this meeting that the report of the " shot heard 
round the world," fired the day before, had not yet reached 
Deerfield. Our fathers were faithfully providing for a contin- 
gency which had already occurred. At the very moment 
these wise precautions were being taken, the resounding 
hoof-beats of the galloping horse, and the hoarse call "To 
anns!" of the excited rider, were rapidly moving westward. 
The people could hardly have left the schoolhouse on the com- 
mon, where they met, belore the foaming steed with bloody 
flanks, bearing the dusty cottrier, was in their midst. " Gage 
has fired ttpon the people! Minttte men to the rescue! Now 
is the time, Cambridge the place !" and the twain are off 
again like a meteor. Then there was hurrying to and fro, 
and arming in hot haste, and before the hours of the day 
were numbered fifty minute men were on their way to the 
scene of bloodshed, to join the band of patriots already encir- 
cling Gage in its toils. In their haste they were badly sup- 
plied for the service. One ot them writes, " after I had got 
from home I found myself destitute of so necessary an article 
as a blanket." 

The following is taken from a muster roll of this company 
found in the manuscript archives of the State. The pay roll 
includes April 20th. I have arranged the privates alphabeti- 
cally, with time of service under this organization. This 


company was soon broken up. Capt. Locke was employed 
in the commissary department, Lieut. Stebbins was made 
captain, April 27th. Some enlisted under him, some under 
Capt. Hugh Maxwell, others came home and many are lost 
sight of by enlisting in other companies: — 



Capt. Jonas Locke, 


Corp. Ebenezer Kenney, 


Lt. Thomas Bardvvell, 


Corp. Isaac Smith, 


Lt. Joseph Stebbins, 


Corp. Abner Sheldon, 


Sergt. Abel Parker, 


Corp. Isaac Parker, 


Sergt. Joel Munn, 


Drummer James Warren, 


Sergt. Ariel Nims, 


Fifer Justin Hitchcock. 


Sergt. Edward Rose, 




Allen, Henry 


Newton, Jeremiah 


AUis, Eber 


Newton, John 


Childs, Reuben 

■ 9 

Nims. Elisha 

1 1 

Corless, Jesse, (killed at 

Nims, Israel 


Bunker Hill) 


Parker, Nathaniel 


Dickinson, Caisar 


Shattuck, Oliver 


Dickinson, Eliphalet 


Sniead, Oliver 


Fisk, Daniel 


Smead, Samuel 


Fisk, Ebenezer 


Smith, Amasa 


Frary, Timothy 


Spafford, Jonathan 


Gates, Thomas Asa 


Stone, Elias 


Gilson, lames 


Taylor, Adonijah 


Grandy, Remembrance 


Taylor, John 


Henry, John 


Taylor, John Jr., 


Hide, Philip 


Thayer, Paul 


Hinsdale, John 


Warren, Neverson 


Jennings, Lebbeus 


Wells, John 


Jones, Eben 


Wells. Jonathan 


Lewis, Isaac 


Wright, Silas 


Locke, John 


The pay roll of Capt. Locke's company was ^^"93, 4 s, 7 d, 2 f . 

The action at the adjourned meeting of April 26th was 
short and to the point. It was simply directing the collectors 
to pay the Province rates to Henry Gardner, and that "y'"' 
Town will indemnify them for so doing." 

William Tryon, governor of New York, was doing his best 
to hold that colony loyal to the King. Hopeful accounts of 
his success from friends on the spot had cheered the Deer- 
field Tories. Tryon kept up a correspondence with Gage by 
special posts. News reached our valley that one was out, 
and notices like the following were sent to the Committees 
of Safety in every direction : — 

Montague, Ai:)ril 30, 1775. 

By this you are informed that there is a post out from New V'orl: 

for (ren. Gage with a i)acket; you are desired to intercept or follow 

him if any intelligence can be had of him on either side of the river. 

His name is Oliver Delancee; he is a bluff fat young man 22 years 


of age, born at New York, rides a Dutch trotting horse. His pack- 
et is siii>])()secl to be consigned to Mr. Hancock, or Adams, or some 
other popidar Oentleman; please to instruct those who may take his 
packet to carry it down to Boston; ins{)ect taverns, ferries and all 
suspected persons. Yours, Moses Gunn, 

Chairman Com. Correspondence. 
To Com. of Correspondence, Northfield. 

Many of the people shut up in Boston were in a sad condi- 
tion of suffering and want. Thousands had no emph)ytnent 
and no means of livelihood. Contributions were sent them 
from all over the continent. Deerfield, with all her burdens, 
was not unmindful of their needs, and May ist "agreed to 
take care of 36 Boston people who were too poor to remove 
from the city." 

When the shock came, Greenfield was as well prepared as 
the mother town, and responded as promptly to the call to 
arms. A company of mintite men had been drilling for some 
time under the direction of Capt. Timothy Childs, a veteran 
of the French War. April 20th, a company of fifty men liv- 
ing in Greenfield and towns adjoining, gathered in hot haste, 
and under the lead of Capt. Agrippa Wells, marched for 
Cambridge. The list of these men given below I copied from 
the roll in the State Archives, and it was compared by the 
officials in charge. I am thus particular because of the fan- 
ciftil account of the rally on the Lexington alarm, given in 
Willard's History of Greenfield. His story is very graphic, 
but, historically speaking, it is lacking in one essential qual- 
ity. It is not true. It contradicts all known facts. It lauds 
to the skies men who had no lot or part in the occasion, ut- 
terly ignoring the real heroes of the day. Willard's story is 
not only graphic, but very realistic, with the appearance of 
being genuine. I adopted the story in the first edition of 
this work. It was reprinted in the "Centennial Gazette." 
In the "Genealogy of the Childs Family" we find it improved 
upon. It is there gravely stated that Capt. Timothy Childs 
"was in the battle of Lexington commanding a company of 
minute men," and further, that his son Timothy of Pittsfield, 
was also there in command of a company, " though l)ut a 
Lieut, and was noted for his bravery." Such " history " should 
not be repeated. 

It has been hard to believe that Willard's story was made 
up out of thin air ; and after considerable study and collating 



known facts, I confidently venture an explanation, which, 
while fitting the main points of Willard's story, also fits all 
other circumstances of the case. In all Whig towns, sooner 
or later, the local militia refused to serve under officers with 
commissions issued by authority of King George. This time 
came in Greenfield, I think, April 22d, 1776. On that day 
" Benjamin Hastings was chosen Lieut, in the company of 
Capt. Timothy Childs." Doubtless Childs was chose ii the same 
day. Commissions to both were issued May 3, 1776, by Pro- 
vincial authority. Aaron Denio was not " chosen ensign," but 
served as a private, when this company was called out on the 
alarm in 1777. This then was the time, and Trap Plain com- 
mon the place, of the scene pictured by Willard. 

Roll of Capt. Agrippa Wells, Greenfield, April 20th to May ist, 


Capt. Aj3[rippa Wells, Greenfield, lo 
Lt. Ezekiel Foster, Bernardston, 
Sergt. Oliver Atherton, Greenfield, 
" Elijah Kingsley, Bernardston, 
" Daniel Corse, Shelburne, 
Corp. Asaph Allen, Bernardston, 
'* John Wells, Greenfield, 
" Eben'r Scott, Bernardston, 
Samuel Turner, 
Samuel Shattuck, Greenfield, 
[ohn Cunnable. Bernardston, 
Timothy Bascom, Greenfield, 
Ezekiel Foster, Jr., Bernardston, 
John Coats, Bernardston, 
Ezra Rennell, Greenfield, 
Simeon Nash, [Greenfield?] 
Oliver Hastings, Greenfield, 
Nehemiah Andrews, Bernardston, 
Frederick Denio, Greenfield, 
John Bush, [Greenfield?] 
Reuben Shattuck, Bernardston, 
Daniel Chapin, Bernardston, 
Thomas Hunt, Bernardston, 
David Davis, Bernardston, 
William Chadvvick, Bernardston, 
Eliphas Childs, Greenfield, 


Samuel Nichols, Greenfield, lo 

Samuel Dean, " 

John Dewey, Deerfield, " 

Zeanus Dewey, Deerfield, " 

Joseph Slate, Lt., Bernardston, 15 
Joel Chapin, Sergt., " 

Ariel Hinsdale, Corp., Greenfield, " 

Caleb Chapin, Bernardston, 39 

William Kingsland, 15 
Samuel Hastings, Bernardston, 

Samuel Cunnabel, " " 

Elijah Mitchell, Greenfield, 30 

Hezekiah Chapin, Bernardston, 15 

Jon'th Atherton, Greenfield, " 

Amasa Smead, Greenfield, " 

Tubal Nash, Greenfield, " 

Simeon Allen, [Bernardston?] " 

Daniel Picket, Greenfield, " 

Hophni Rider, [Deerfield?] 20 
Daniel Edwards, [Deerfield?] 
Daniel Wells, Greenfield, 

Firm in Wood, 3 

Michael Frizzle, [Greenfield?] 13 

John Severance, Bernardston, 33 

Moses Arms, Greenfield, 14 

The pay of the captain was 4s, 3d per day, the lieutenant 
2s, 7d, privates i s, 5 d. The whole amount of this roll was 
;^68, 13 s, 4d, 2f, which was allowed Feb. 6th, 1776. 

The copy of this roll furnished for the Centennial Ga- 
zette is imperfect, five men being omitted and others mis- 
named and mislocated. 

Capture of Old Ti." As Deerfield was connected with the 


capture of Ticonderoga, May nth, 1775, through a son, and a 
grandson, a concise account of the inception and coiuplction 
of that important affair will be given. 

April 26th, 1775, Capt. Samuel H. Parsons, journeying to- 
wards Hartford, met on the road Capt. Benedict Arnold on 
his way from New London to Cambridge. They had a few 
words about the need of cannon for the army, the fact of a 
considerable number being at " Old Ti," and of the weak 
condition of that fortress. This chance conversation bore 
fruit on both branches. 

Arnold pushed on to Watertown, where the Provincial Con- 
gress was in session. He presented to the Committee of 
vSafety a scheme for capturing Ticonderoga. May 3d, this 
body and the Council of War laid the matter before the Con- 
gress in secret session. The Committee on Supplies was di- 
rected to furnish Arnold with ten horses, two hundred pounds 
powder, two hundred pounds balls, one thousand flints and 
i^ioo in money; May 5th he was given a commission as Colo- 
nel, with authority to raise four hundred men and attack the 
fort. This business was done with such secrecy that no 
whisper of it got abroad. Arnold, seeing glory ahead, lost 
no time, and May 6th appeared in Deerfield on his way to the 
scene of operations. 

Parsons on the other hand, broached the project at Hart- 
ford to a chosen few, and on the 29th of April, Capt. Edward 
Mott, with five companions, left Hartford for the north. 
They reached the house of Col. James Easton at Pittsfield, 
Monday night. May ist. They told Col. Easton and John 
Brown — the same who led the mob at Hatfield — their errand. 
Both joined them, and with a few more picked men the}' 
pushed on to rouse Col. Ethan Allen and the Green Moun- 
tain Boys, on the Hampshire Grants. 

The secret got out somehow, and May 5th, John Graves, a 
Berkshire Tory, was in Northampton with tlic news "that a 
few people from Connecticut had joined a number of Pitts- 
field people and were gone up to Ticonderoga, in order to 
take it, 20 in y'' whole." Whatever the Tories did about the 
matter is not known, but no harm came of it. At daylight 
on the morning of May loth old Ti was in the hands of the 
Liberty men, having been surrendered to Col. Allen, who 
had .summoned it " In the name of the Great Jehovah and 


the Continental Congress." The cannon captured here were 
soon telling the story to Gen, Gage from the lines about him 
at Boston. 

May 6th there had been a stirring incident at Deerfield. 
The newly-made Col. Arnold, resplendent in a new uniform, 
bright epaulettes, gold lace and waving plumes, attended by 
a servant, rode furiously up the street. He halted at the tav- 
ern of Maj. Salah Barnard — the old house now known as 
Frary House. From there he sent a messenger for Thomas 
W. Dickinson, to whom he told his plans ; and he handed the 
astonished farmer, a commission as Assistant Commissary, 
from the Committee of Safety, dated May 4th. It was ac- 
companied by special instructions to procure forthwith for 
the expedition now set on foot fifteen thousand pounds of 
beef. After a social glass with his subordinate the energetic 
Arnold mounted his horse and pushed on over the Hoosac 
mountain, arriving at Rupert, Vt., on the morning of May 
8th. The party under Mott and Allen had already passed 
that point. Arnold instantly followed, overtaking them at 
Castleton. The plan of the capture had been laid and one 
party already sent out to execute its share of the work when 
Arnold appeared. He showed his commission and claimed 
the command. The Green Mountain Boys looked with con- 
tempt iipon the showy Colonel and gave no heed to his 
claims. Indeed they flatly declared they would not vServe 
under him. It was a terrible blow to the active and ambitious 
Colonel to find he was too late, and that the laurels would be 
given to another which he had already felt in anticipation 
adorning his brow. It may have been the beginning of the 
infamous end of his career. 

The young Commissary he left at Deerfield may or may 
not have left the customary "plow in the furrow," but he 
showed such activity and zeal in his new office that early the 
next morning, Sunday, May 7th, he was on the road with fif- 
teen oxen bound for old Ti, with his brother Consider as as- 
sistant. On Friday, the 12th, he met Cols. Mott and Easton, 
and others returning from the captured fort. In due time 
he returned home with the following order : — 

Crown Point 29 May 1775 
Gentlemen Please pay Mr Thomas Wells Dickinson one hundred 
and seventy one Pounds thirteen shillings and four pence Lawful 


Money for value rec'd of him in fifteen oxen for the use t)f tlie army 
at Ticondaroga and oblige Gentlemen Your Most Hbe Sevant 

To the Committee of ) Bknedict Arnold 

Safety at Cambridge [ 

William Cooper, Secretary of the Committee of Safety, cer- 
tified that Benedict Arnold was authorized to buy stores, and 
a warrant was drawn for the amount and given Mr. Dickin- 

Col. David Field was one of the Committee of Safety and 
Thomas W. Dickinson was a newly-made son-in-law, and this 
dotibtless indicates the source of the Commissary's commis- 
sion. It was a fortunate case of nepotism, for Dickinson ex- 
actly filled the bill and for several years did excellent service 
for the country in the commissary line. 

The war was now squarely upon the country. The influ- 
ential Tories were capable of doing a great deal of harm and 
became a really dangerous element in the community. Col. 
Israel Williams had been all along accused of enlisting men 
for Gage and in April enlistment papers had been found on 
one believed to be his agent. 

May 23d, John Dickinson, brother of Capt. Thomas Dickin- 
son, chairman of the Hatfield Committee of Safety, invited 
Col. Williams to meet the committee at Dea. Morton's and 
show himself a good man and true to his country. The 
Colonel appeared, but he did not give satisfaction. A week 
was given him to come to terms, or take the consequences. 
There is no probability that the staunch Loyalist yielded one 
hair for fear of "consequences." At all events Col. James 
Easton of Pittsfield, in the name of his regiment and the 
County Committee of Safety, sent him an order to retire to 
Boston and remain until the war was over. Col. Williams 
contemptuously refused. Had he foreseen all the conse- 
quences of his refusal, perhaps he would have obeyed. 

The representatives of the people, whose election had been 
provided for by the Provincial Congress, as we have seen, 
met at Cambridge July 19, 1775. They took possession of 
the government, not as Revolutionists, but under the Charter 
of i6q2. It was therein provided that, in case the governor 
or the deputy governor die or be displaced, or happen to be 
absent from the colony, the major part of the Council shall 
have executive authority. The patriots claimed that these 


officials being wilfully absent, their authority was vested in 
the major part of the Council, and acted accordingly. The 
places in the Council vacated by absent Tories were filled by 
the election of Whigs. The first action of this body was to 
ratify the doings of the Provincial Congresses. It then is- 
sued Bills of Credit ; changed the basis of representation by 
the people ; vacated all commissions issued by royal author- 
ity ; laid a State tax ; reorganized the militia and the civil 
courts ; issued Letters of Marque and established Courts of 
Admiralty. In short it assumed all the functions of a gov- 
erning power. The Style adopted for commissions, etc., was 
" The Government and People of the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England." 


Little is discovered about the part taken in the siege of 
Boston by Deerfield people. Something has been gleaned 
concerning their participation in the battle of Bunker Hill. 
The commission of Joseph Stebbins as Captain, signed by 
John Hancock, President of Congress, dated July 5th, 1775, 
hangs in Memorial Hall. He had been appointed April 27th, 
and had enlisted a company, which was- not full on the 17th 
of June. His August roll shows that he then commanded 
fifty men. 

The following rolls are given entire. Each has a local as 
well as a general interest. On each are some Deerfield men, 
with many others from the territory of Old Deerfield. The 
originals are in the Mass. MS. Archives. Men whose names 
are marked with a star drew clothing Nov. ist. 

A List of Capt Joseph Stebbins Company in Col. J. Brewers^ 
Aug I 1775 

Capt. Joseph Stebbins, Deerfield, Simeon Carey, Deerfield, 

Lieut. John Chadvvick, Tyringham, Reuben Childs, Deerfield,* 

2 " Charles Dougherty, Framingham, Abel Cummins, New Marlborough, 

Sergt. Abner Sheldon, Deerfield,* Josiah Eddj', Sheffield, 

" Enos Seymour, East Hartford, Joseph Fethergill, Deerfield, 

David Fuller, Kinderhook, John Hulets, Tyringham, 

" John Huggins, Sheffield,* Ebenezer Handy, Heartsvvood, 

Corp. Ebenezer Hail, New Marlborough, Daniel How, Tyringham, 

William Trusdeli. New Britian, Nathaniel Huggins, Sheffield, 

" Timothy Catlin. Deerfield,* John Hapsellon, Tuexbury, 

" Elisha Alderman, Old Hoosuck, Giles Jackson, Tyringham,* 

Drummer, James Warren, Deerfield,* Gershom Joy, Stoton,* 

Fifer, Joseph Heath, Tyringham, Seth Morse, Tyringham, 

lohn Huckminster, New Rutland. Stephen Mills, Sheffield, (Gone to Que- 
Timothy Bailey, Kinderhook, bee.) 



Nathaniel Shaw, New Marlborough,* 

Justin Trusdell, Kinderhook, 

John Turner, " (Quehee.) 

Solomon Taylor, Deerfield,* 

Jonathan Wells, " * 

James Williams " (Quebec.) 

Daniel Wright, Kinderhook, 

Cuffee Wood, Charlestown, 

Cato Wood, 

William Derby, Deerfield, (Deserted 

June 20.) 
James King, Tyringham, (Deserted 

June 20.) 

William Nelson, Old Iloosuck,* 
Abraham Parker, Whately,* 
Edward Prentice, Cambridge, 
Daniel Rider, Deerfield,* 
Thomas Rose, " * 

Nathaniel Randoli)h, Skotock, 
Asahel Root, Kinderhook, 
Arad Sheldon, Bernardston,* 
Amos Spring, Sandersfield, 
Richard Soper, Scotock, 
Jonathan Scott, Sheffield, (Quebec.) 
Eleazer Scott, " 

Deliverance Spaulding, New Marlbor 

Capt. Hugh Maxwells Roll to Aug i, 1775 In Col Prescotts Reg' 

Capt. Hugh Maxwell, [Charlcmoni], 
Lieut. P)enj. Hrown, Myrifield, 
2d Lieut. James Russell, Litchfield, 
Sergt. William Taylor, Myrifield, 

" Abner Nims, Charlemont, 

" David McClary, L Derry, 

" Joel Munn, Deerfield, 
Corp. Andrew McNitt, Myrifield, 

" Lemuel Roberts, Charlemont, 

" Ebenezer Fisher, Needham, 

" John Taylor, Myrifield, 
Drummer, Eliphalel Cutting, Charlemont, 
Fifer, Samuel Buck, 
Oliver Avery, 
Robert Brown, Myrifield, 
Mathew Brown, 
Stephen Burt, No. .Seven, 
Aaron Barr, Myrifield, [Dead June 17,] 
Edward Brown, Exeter, 
Gideon Butler, Pelham, 
Jona. Benjimen, Deerfield, 
William Brown, Lecester, 
Thomas Campbell, L Derry, 
Eldad Corbett, Myrifield, 
Jesse Corless, Deerfield, [Dead June 17,] 
Ri;uben Comings, Merrimack, 
Gad Chapin. Myrifield, 
William Darrah, Windham, 

[On another paper, apparently about this date, is a list of men under Capt. 
Maxwell. I do not understand it, others may.] 



May 10, 


April 28, 
















I ( 


• I 


July 10. 




" 28, 










' * 


April 25, 


May I, 


July 10, 


April 24, 


April 28, 




April 24, 


Aug. I. 

Ajjril 25, 


Aurther Darrah, Londonderry, 
John Evans, Walpole, N. H., 
Ebenezer Faille, Charlemont, [dead 

June 17.] 
Rodney (ialc. [?] In the train June 10, 
William Hartwell, Charlemont, 
Phili|) Hide, Deerfield, In liie train 

July 8, 
Archibald Mack, Londonderry, on fur- 
low Aug. 25, 
[esse Martin, Deering, 
Thomas Mighills, Deerfield. 

Elisha Nims, Deerfield, 

[osiah Perce, Charlemont, 

Reuben Rugg, 

Martin Rice, " on fnrlow 

Sept. 2, 
John Smith, Londonderry, 
Caleb Saverance, Londonderry, 
Ebenezer Shed, Charlestown, 
[onathan Trask, Woburn, 
Joseph Thomas, Merryfield, Thayer, Charlemont, 
Paul Thaver, Deerfield. 

Roll of Capt. Agrippa \\'ells, -Aug. i, 1775. 



Capt. Agrippa Wells, [Greenfield], 
Lieut. Jacob Poole, Shelburne, 

" Ezekiel Foster, Bernardstoii, 
Sergt. Amasa Kemp, Shelburne, 

" Oliver Atherton, Greenfield, 

" Elijah Kingsley, Bernardston, 

" Samuel Shattuck, Greenfield, 
Corp. .Asaph Allen, Bernardston, 
Benj. Nash, Shelburne, 

" Reuben Shattuck, Bernardston, 

" John Grout, Shelburne, 
Drummer, Samuel Nichols, Greenfield, 
Fifer, Eli Skinar, Shelburne, 
John C(jals, Bernardston, 
Eliphaz Childs, Greenfield, 
Moses Rugg, Greenfield, 
Jesse Carey, " 

.\ppolis Allen, " 
Henry Allen, " 
Barnabas Davidson, Greenfield, 
John Wells, 

John Munn, Northfield, 
Noah Munn, Greenfield, 
Allen Nichols, 
Fradrick Denio, " 
Elijah Risle, 
Timothy Bascom, " 
Jacob Castle, Haverhill, 
John R. Demont, Greenfield, 
William Larkin, " 

Oliver Hastings, " 

Moses Allen, " 

Ezra Rannells, 
David Davis, Bernardston, 
Benjamin Miller, Greenfield, 
Daniel Chapin, Bernardston, 

Other Deerfield men found in the service before Aug-, ist, 
1775, and after the reorganization of the forces May ist, 
were : — 

Thomas Hunt, Bernardston, 

Ezekiel Foster, Jr., " 

Ebenezer Scott, 

Jason Parmenter, 

John Hunt, 

Benjamin Upton, Northfield, 

Nathan Holton, 

Hezekiah Chapin, Bernardston, 

William Blaisdell, Hampton Falls, 

Nehemiah Andres, Bernardston, 

Zebediah State, 

-Samuel Turner, " 

William Chadvvick, " 

William Choat, Shelburne, 

William Hale. 

Benjamin Allen, " 

Hazael Ransom, 

Daniel Belden, " 

Nathaniel Merrill, " 

Jabez Ransom, 

William Hilton, 

John Fellows, 

Samuel Fellows, " 

Mathew Barber, 

Stephen Kellogg, " 

James Corse, " 

Ephraim Potter, " 

Joseph Osborne, 

Tobe Porter, 

[17?] 1775. 
Tubal Nash, Greenfield, 
Noah Wells, Shelburne, Died May 21, 

1775. [Capt. Wells writes home that 

"he was buried with Regimental 


Died June i5, 

Moses Lock, 
Silas Wright, 
Thomas Raynolds, 
Solomon Furlow, 
Daniel Fisk, 

Nathaniel Billings, 
Zenas Dewey, 
Arial Nims, 
John Henry, 

Jonathan Spofford, 
Benjamin Ladd, 
John Kendall, 
John Dewey. 

Lebeus Jennings was in the company of Capt. Thadeus 
Russell and killed June 17th. Other soldiers from this vicin- 
ity at this time were : from Greenfield, Asahel Atherton, 
Phineas Johnes, John Bates, Simeon Smith (deserted Sept. 
1 6th); from Ashfield, Julius and David Frary; from Conway, 
Joel Dickinson, Ebenezer Allen, Selah Baldon, Eliphalet 
Wells, Aaron How, Isaac Amsden, Daniel Davidson. 

Capts. Stebbins and Maxwell were with Prescott on the 
night of the i6th in making the redoubt on Bunker Hill, and 
were both in the thickest of the fight on the 17th. Jesse Cor- 
less was killed and Capt. Maxwell was wounded. Timothy 


Catlin was close by Warren and saw him fall. Catlin received 
there a wound in his face. His face was ever after, to his 
death, an escutcheon of honor, on which was blazoned a scar 
sanguine. Reuben Childs and Joseph Fethergill are also 
kiioivn to have been in the light, and there is no reason to 
doubt that all those named above on the rolls of vStebbins 
and Maxwell should be added to this Roll of Honor. 

Prisoners at Northampton. August 15th, 1775, the officers 
and crew of the British ship Falcon, thirty-one in all, were 
sent to Northampton and were left on parole in private fam- 
ilies. Some of the prominent Whigs in Boston had been ar- 
rested by Gage and thrust into the common jail. Washing- 
ton, hearing of this, wrote Gage, August 17th, that unless 
these men had better treatment he would surely make repris- 
als. " If your officers, our prisoners, receive a treatment from 
me different from which I wish to show them, they, and you, 
will remember the occasion of it." It became necessary to 
carry this threat into execution. Some of the victims of it 
were Robert Arnold, captain; Justin P)udd, gunner; William 
Broughton and Philobech Domett, midshipman, who were 
put in the dungeons of Northampton jail. September i6th, 
they petition the Council for relief, and excepting Budd, were 
released on parole not to leave the town. Soon after some 
English prisoners were sent to other towns in the valley but 
none are heard of in Deerficld. 

Rev. Jonatlian AsJilcy was settled here for life, and nothing 
short of an ecclesiastical, as well as civil revolution, could un- 
settle him. He had prayed publicly for the King for forty 
years, and continuing true to him and his Ministers, took no 
pains to conceal his loyalty. He was a strong-minded man 
and his influence was all against the Whigs and their wicked 
rebellion. The Whigs were desirous to get rid of him by 
any means in their power. The town, hoping to freeze him 
out, in 1774, refused to vote him any salary or firewood. At 
a town meeting Dec. 4th, 1775, Article i was"tOvSee whether 
y"" Town will reconsider a vote passed in Dec. 1762 respect- 
ing y'^ addition to y"" Rev Mr Ashleys vSalary ". The vote was 
not to reconsider. The Tories carried the day. 

The following named people, representing the Whig mi- 
nority, entered their protest against this vote on the town 
records : — 


Allis, Eber Field, David Parker, Abel 

Amsden, John Field, Elihu Parker, Nathaniel 

Bardwell, John Frary, Nathan Saxton, David 

Bardvvell, Thos. Jr., Frary, Nathan Jr., Sheldon, John 

Barnard, Joseph Frary, Timothy Sheldon, John Jr., 

Barnard, Joseph Jr., Graves, Zebediah Sniead, Ebenezer 

Barnard, Selah Harvey, Simeon Smead, Joseph 

Childs, Amzi Hinsdale, John Smead, Oliver 

Dickinson, Eliphalet Kingsley, Caleb Stebbins, David 

Dickinson, Thomas Mitchell, Abner Stone, Elias 

Dickinson, Thos. W. Mitchell, Joseph Wells, Thomas 

The object or effect of tliis protest I do not iinder.stand. 
Several of a similar character are found on the town records. 

Article 2d was " To see if y'' Town under the present Diffi- 
cult circumstances will think it convenient to continue y'' 
Rev. Mr. Ashley in y*^ work of y*" Ministry here." 

Upon this article there is no vote recorded. Doubtless it 
was dismissed. But the insertion of the article is significant. 
A vote prevailed )wt to furnish Mr. Ashley any firewood. 

There was an eifort to have the town make some pro- 
vision for Francis Leicester and family, but it was defeated. 
Leicester was a poor man who had just returned from a six 
months' service in the army. 

The political division between Whigs and Tories was made 
more bitter and personal through a church quarrel. Samuel 
Barnard had been called to account before the church for 
slandering Mr. Ashley. A majority favored the minister, 
and voted to withdraw communion from Barnard. This dis- 
cipline displeased a large minority which withdrew from the 
church and from the ministry of Mr. Ashley. The Whigs and 
Tories divided very nearly on the line separating the parties 
in this affair. 

Deerfield men who are known to have served in the army 
this year not already named. There were, doubtless others 
whose names are lost : — 

Bardvvell, Samuel Furlovv, Solomon Newton, Arial 

Billings, Nathaniel Grandy, Reuben Shattuck, Samuel 

Choate, William Kendell, John Wright, Carmi 

Cooley, Martin Ladd, Benjamin Wright, Westwood 

Dewey, Zenas Locke, John A. 

Drury, John Newton, Alpheus 

1776- TJic Dcc7' field Covunittce of Corr-cspondcncc, Inspection 
and Safety. A portion of the records kept by this Committee 
has been discovered. From this we learn the functions and 
operations of this unique organization. 


The Comiiiittcc chosen at the town meeting March 4th 
were David Field, Joseph Barnard, Sakdi Barnard, Thomas 
Dickinson, John Bardwell, David Saxton, David Dickinson, 
Nathaniel Parker, Jeremiah Nims, Nathan Frary and Joseph 
Barnard, Jr. 

At their first meeting, March 8th, David Field was chosen 
chairman and David Dickinson, clerk. All the records pre- 
served are in his clerkly hand. A letter from Joseph Haw- 
ley, chairman of the Northampton Committee of Correspond- 
ence, Inspection and Safety, was laid before them, proposing 
a meeting of the town committees of the county, at North- 
ampton, on the 13th of March. The object of the meeting 
was : — 

To consider of several matters touchinsj y*" Oood of y*-' Country, 
more especially whether it be Expedient that y Court of General 
Sessions of y*^ Peace be suspended or adjourned to some future time; 
also, whether y*^ Justices of y*" County should in any case act under 
their present commissions. 

After taking the matter " into serious consideration " it was 
voted that such a meeting "is expedient;" and Col. David 
Field, David Saxton and David Dickinson were chosen to 
represent the committee at the convention. Whether the 
courts were allowed to sit, or the justices to act under their 
commissions from the crown by this new organization of 
original power, does not appear. Probably not, as the com- 
mittees took upon themselves judicial powers and functions. 

March 29th, Oliver Field brought before the Committee a 
complaint against Jeremiah Leach, for passing a counterfeit 
Continental "ten shillings and sixpenny Bill." "An order 
was then made on y'^ s'' complaint by y'' Chairman, directed 
to Stephen Jones, Esq., and Mr. Elihu Field, wherein they 
were required to bring y*^ said Leach before this committee, 
to make answer to the complaint." He was accordingly 
brought before them, where "he wholly denied" the charge, 
but was put into confinement. 

The Committee adjourned to the next day, when a message 
was received from the Conway Committee of Correspondence, 
that George Herbert and Elijah Williams had entered a com- 
plaint against Alice, wife of Jeremiah Leach, "for passing a 3 
— bill of Rhode Island currency," and proposed a meeting of 
the two committees on Monday, April ist, for a joint exami- 


nation of both parties. This was agreed to, the examination 
held, and both the accused found guilty and ordered : — 

To give bail in y sum of ^50 for their personal ajipearance be- 
fore y^^ Great & General Court, or any Court y*" s'' General Court 
shall appoint for that purpose, or otherwise be secured in North- 
ampton goal. 

No bail was forthcoming and they were .sent to prison. 
The next case before the committee was of a different char- 
acter. A report had been circulated damaging to the char-, 
acter of Maj. Salah Barnard, to this effect: That he "had 
sent his compliments (by Lieut. Seth Catlin) to Gen. Cxage & 
other Ministerial officers then in Boston & bid y'' said Lieut, 
inform y^s'^ Ministerial officers that his Heart was with them, 
altho he was absent, also would have y*" said officers enroll 
his Name among those that were upon the Ministerial side, 
and that he has not lifted his Hand against Government." 
The meeting ordered the clerk to summons Seth Catlin, 
Phineas Mimn, Joel Mimn, Nathan Catlin, Thomas Mighills, 
Simeon Stebbins, Jona. Ashley, Jr., Ithamar Burt and Thos. 
Bardwell, Jr., to " appear and inform this committee what 
they know concerning said Report," and then adjourned to 
May 8th. 

On the 8th these additional were summoned : Daniel Arms, 
Samuel Barnard, Jr., John Saxton and Moses Chandler ; they 
then adjourned to the 9th. After a partial examination on 
both these days, several of the Committee, in view of their 
near relation to Maj. Barnard, declined to act further in the 
matter, and the Greenfield Committee were desired to meet 
and assist them. On Monday, May 13th, after a thorough ex- 
amination of " all people supposed to have any Knowledge of 
the affair," the joint Committee declared the report untrue, 
and that " on the contrary it fully appears to this joint Com- 
mittee, that y*" Maj. Barnard's Character respecting his Prin- 
ciples and Condtict in y° unhappy Dispute between Great 
Britian & y'' colonies, stands unimpeachable, notwithstanding 
anything that has appeared against him." 

Proceedings of another character will next be noticed. The 
meetings were all at the tavern of " Landlord Saxton." 

At a meeting June 3d, It was voted that this Committee will pro- 
ceed to let and lease y'' whole of y« Real estate of Nathaniel Dickin- 
son late from this town lying and being in said Town of Deerfield 


for one year; also to take an Inventory of his Personal estate 

* * * the said Nathaniel being one who in y'' Judgnient of this 
Committee hath joined our unnatural Enemies for y'' purpose of aid- 
ing and assisting them in subjugating these American Colonies 

* * * and voted that this Committee will proceed to Mill River 
on thursday y*" 6th Instant to take an Inventory of y'' said personal 

The real estate which Nathaniel seems to have owned 
jointly with his brother Samuel, was, on the 19th of June, 
rented at auction for ^^"41 los to said Samuel, for one year 
from" April ist, 1776. 

July 22d, David Field and David Dickinson were chosen to 
represent the Committee in a convention to be held at North- 
ampton on the 25th. They voted to " publish to y'^ World in y'' 
Publick Newspapers " the vindication of Maj. Barnard against 
the " Report which had prevailed in this Town and in Neigh- 
boring- Towns against him." Another function of this Com- 
mittee is shown in the following: Aug. 28th, they received a 
letter from the joint Committees of Colrain and vShelburne, 
requesting their attendance at a convention to be holden at 
the meetinghouse at Shelburne Aug. 30th, "in order to do 
something with such Persons as are inimical to America." 
Col. Field, Maj. Dickinson and Ens. Barnard were sent as 
delegates. Nothing is found relating to this convention. 

Dec. 17th, the personal estate of Nathaniel Dickinson was 
sold at auction. He must have been a well-to-do farmer, bitt 
he sacrificed the whole of his estate to his loyalty. The live 
stock sold were eleven horses yotmg and old, seven yoke of 
oxen, fourteen cows and heifers, three calves, five "lots" of 
sheep, one black bull, one boar and three hogs. The amount 
realized from the sale was ^236, 10 s, 6d, which was paid into 
the treasury of the Province. The last heard of Nathaniel 
Dickinson was in 1786, when he was at St. Johns, New Bruns- 
wick, where it is believed he died a faithful .subject of the 

In January, 1776, David Saxton was on a committee with 
Joseph Hawley and fotir others, appointed by the General 
Court, to raise a regiment in Hampshire county for the Can- 
ada expedition. 

May 23d, the town voted to purchase a number of intrench- 
ing tools, agreeable to an act of the " Great and General 
Court passed in January last." 

deerfield's declaration of independence. 715 

Independence Day. June 25th, 1776, should be celebrated as 
Deerfield's "4th of July." At a meeting called for that day 
it was , — ■ 

Voted that this Town will {if y'^ Honorable Congress shall for y^ safe- 
ty of y'^ United Colonies declare them Independent of y'^ Kingdom of 
Great Britian) Solemnly Engage with their Lives and Fortunes to 
Support them iny"^ Measure^ and that y'^' Clerk be directed to make an 
attested copy of this Vote and forward y*^ same to Mr. Saxton, Rep- 
resentative for this town, to be laid before the General Court for 
their Information. 

Here was treason, outspoken, proclaimed and recorded ; 
any Whig voting for this declaration exposed himself to the 
doom of a traitor at the hands of the vindictive Lord North. 
Ten days later, July 4th, the Continental Congress issued 
that world-renowned paper, the Declaration of Independence, 
and the process of organizing a government, from the source 
of all political power, went on to gradual completion. Oct. 
7th, it was voted, — 

That this town do consent that y present House of Representa- 
tives of this State of y*^ Massachusetts Bay in New England, togeth- 
er with y*^ Council, if they consent in one Body with the House, and 
by equal voice, should consult, and agree on, and enact, such Con- 
stitution and form of Government for this State, as y^' said House 
and Council, as aforesaid shall upon y'^^ most Deliberation, Judge 
will most conduce to y*^^ Safety, Peace and Happiness of this State, 
provided the same be made publick for y"^ Inspection and perusal of 
y Inhabitants of this State before the Ratification thereof by y'' As- 

With such cautious wisdom shown by the primary assembly 
in the very alphabet of the new political science, what wonder 
that the constitutions for State and Nation became the recosf- 
nized exponents of the rights tind duties of man, the admi- 
ration of statesmen to this day! 

October 6th, 1776, a Committee of the House made a report 
recommending that a depot of ammunition be established at 
Northampton, to be under the care of Robert Breck ; that : — 

As soon as may be there be deposited in said Magosene two Tons 
of Ciun Powder. Six tuns of leaden Ball and Right thousand Flints, 
together with three Hundred fire Arms, to be under the care of the 
above named Breck, and in case of an alarm to be delivered over by 
him to such men in the County of Hampshire and P>erkshire as shall 
appear in the judgment of the Selectmen of Northampton, or the 
major part of them to stand in need thereof * * * x.\\it above 
articles to be forwarded as soon as may be under a proper guard. 


This action was probably in reference to matters soon to 
be considered. 

December 9th, the selectmen, ao^reeable to a resolve of the 
General Court, took a census of the male residents of the 
town. They report, "There is 209, and there is 13 which by 
reason of age and infirmity, insanity, &c., have not been rat- 
ed for a number of years, also two blacks." This might per- 
haps indicate a population of eight or ten hundred. Decem- 
ber 2d, the town voted to provide for Aaron vScott and the 
family of Francis Leicester, and to build a work house i8x 36 
feet, one story high. 

Personal letters are a part and parcel of the times in which 
they were written, and nothing brings us into a closer con- 
nection with the real life of the people. I add two of this 
period which have fallen in my way : — 

Ali'.anv, May 9, 1776. 
Kind Sir: — I take this opperteunity to inform you that 1 am well 
and 1 hope thease will find you so. We have orders this day to 
march for Canada to-morrow morning at 7 o'clock. We have News 
from thier that the Lore Citty is Burnt and our men have opened 3 
Batteries against the upper Town and in a likely way we shall have 
it in our Parseson vary soone, if not before now. No other News 
to write at Present, but remain your friend and humble Sarvent, 

Lk.mukl Prksson. 

P. S. I should be very glad if you would take care of my cloaths 
and ear them once or twice this sumer if you can. I should be glad 
if you would send to my father and mother and let them know where 
1 am and where 1 go. 

To Mr. Zadock Hawks in Deerfield. 

Dorchester Heights, Oct. 18, 1776. 

Mv Dear Friend: — Through Divine Coodness I am Hearty iV- 
Well, which 1 Pray God these may find you & y'' children in the same 
Situation. 1 have had some thoughts of coming home before my 
Time is out, but believe 1 shall not. I should be glad lo hear from 
you and all my Friends. I have business to do almost Every Day, 
so that 1 am out of Idleness, but 1 have but Just time to write [bhjt- 
ted] and aquaint Father that 1 have rec'd four Dollars to Purchase 
Salt. 1 must give Ten Dollars a Bushel. I should be glad to know 
what he thinks the price of it will be. almost every thing is at a 
most Kxtravigant Price. 

if we shall want more Sugar let me know it. Cotton Wool is 3s 
4d a lb. 1 will get some if you think best. 

I send this Letter by Ensign Slate [doubtless Jonathan of Ber- 
nardston] who is waiting — if you send a Letter to Landlord Saxton's 
by tenth (?) Day Night he will Bring it — if you have a p"" Stockings 
I should be glad of them, for yarn Stockin's are most comfortable — 
give my Duty to Father and Mother, Love to Brothers and Sisters 


and Compliments to all Friends, from y'' most affectionate Hus- 
band, Samuel 1'aylor. 

P. S. Excuse the wandering Lines for I hant time to write other- 
wise. [Directed] To Mrs Esther Taylor att Charlemont. 

The writer was in command of a company in Roxbury, 
Sept. 17th, with the following named Deerfield men under 
him : Joseph Clesson, Ebenezer Graves, David Kendall, 
Moses Newton, Ezra Mudge and Samuel Smead ; others who 
went from Deerfield this year were Moses Bates, Stephen 
Herrenden, Wm. vStaple, substitute for Theodore Barnard, 
vSilas Wright. The latter was charged " a pair mittens, p"" 
stockins, 4 pounds flax, a blanket, a gun, cash i s, knapsack, 
5 lbs. pork, 3 lbs. cheese, ^ loaf bread, when you went away.'' 
He was ancestor of Gov. vSilas Wright of New York. Francis 
Munn, James Warren, Obadiah Wells, John Beaman, Arad 
Sheldon, served under Capt. Thos. Alexander in the expedi- 
tion to Quebec, which they reached April 27th, 1776. Sheldon 
says while crossing Lake Champlain on the ice in April, he 
broke through. In June, in crossing the St. Peter's Bay, in 
command of a party carrying stores to Gen. Thompson's par- 
ty at Three Rivers, he lost his coat, blanket and knapsack. 

1777. This year opened gloomily lor the Patriots. The 
disastrous battle of Long Island, the capture of Fort Wash- 
ington, the retreat through the Jerseys, had had a depressing 
effect on the public mind, only relieved by the brilliant suc- 
cess of Washington at Trenton. Under this condition of 
affairs a general rising of the Tories was feared. The Com- 
mittees of Safety were vigilant to guard against this. Our 
Committee sent Capt. Thomas Dickinson and Lieut. Joseph 
Barnard as delegates to attend a convention of the Commit- 
tees at Northampton, January 29th, 1777, to compare notes 
and devise ways in this crisis. 

The business of the convention was multifarious. It re- 
lated to supplies for the northern army, to the establishment 
of judicial courts, to the desecration of the Sabbath by trav- 
elers. But the heaviest burden on their minds was the ram- 
pant condition of the Tories. They state the condition of 
affairs in this respect in a petition to the General Court. 
They believe that inimical persons in Hampshire county are 
daily increasing and that there is need for the General Court 
to take heed of this fact. They say: — 


Ever since our army retreated from New York, aiul the iiiluiman 
ravage of the British troops in the Jerseys, our inimical brethren 
have appeared with an insulting air and have exerted themselves to 
intimidate weak minds by threatening speeches, saying that 'the 
day was over with us.' 

'I'hey declare that the General Court has passed unjust acts in 
raising recruits, and say 'the committees or the Selectmen dare as 
well be damned as to draught them for the army, and if they were 
draughted, they would rather fight against our men, than our ene- 

They are trying to destroy the currency by counterfeiting it. They 
pay 'no regard to the Committee of Safety, frequently meeting and 
holding correspondence from Town to Town.' 

They try to prevent recruiting our army, and no other construc- 
tion can be put upon their acts but 'that they are plotting our ruin.' 

Our townsmen and their fellows may have magnified the 
danger, but the danger was real, and their fears well-ground- 
ed. Strong indications had been discovered of a rising of 
the Tories in Maryland and Delaware. Gov. Tryon had or- 
ganized a large force of Tories in New York, three hundred 
men had crossed over to him from the Jerseys, and he had 
been made a major general. Congress " had reason to be- 
lieve that an insurrection had been planned in New Eng- 
land. " Gen. Gates wanted more troops posted in this region 
for that reason. Doubtless consistent loyalists in our midst 
would have welcomed stich a movement, but I find no direct 
evidence of anv concerted attempt in that direction. 

An individual case can be cited. Phineas Munn left Deer- 
field and went to Burgoyne's camp. He did not enlist under 
him, and after a few days came back. He soon found that 
this place was too hot for him. He escaped, and again made 
his way towards Burgoyne's army. By that time the latter 
was surrounded by the American forces. Munn concluded 
he could find no harbor there, and made his way to Montreal, 
where he spent the winter. Here he " became satisfied, " he 
said, that he had "imbibed a mistake in regard to Britian's 
power, intentions, &c., and he resolved to return to his coun- 
try and deliver himself up. " This is the story he told when 
captured near Concord, N. H. The Concord Committee of 
Safety took him to Boston, where a hearing was had before 
the Council. April 14th, 1778, the guard that brought him to 
Boston was directed to take him to Northampton gaol, where 
the sheriff was to keep him for trial at the county court. 


Nothing more is heard of the case. Munn came back after 
the war, if not before its close. 

At the annual March meeting, 1777, David Field, Joseph 
Barnard, Jonathan Wells, Zebediah Graves, Elias wStone, Da- 
vid Saxton, Joseph Barnard, Jr., Isaac Parker, Ebenezer Wells 
and Eldad Bardwell were chosen a " Committee of Safety, 
&c. " 

The General Court had made a call for all available arms 
and munitions of war, but " it was voted that the Town will 
not dispose of the two pieces of cannon. " This action of the 
General Court was suggested by a petition of Jonathan Hob- 
by. These guns were two field pieces, supposed to have been 
brought here by Gov. Belcher in 1735. One of them was 
wantonly destroyed at Hadley about 1 840 ; the other is safely 
housed in Memorial Hall, as a relic. 

The question was again raised whether or not to retain 
Mr. Ashley in the ministry. There was a vote to do so ; but 
no firewood was voted him this year. 

Under the authority of an act passed July, 1776, a hospital 
had been established here by the justices of the courts, for 
the inoculation for the small pox. Under a new law of April, 
1777, it could not be continued for more than six months, 
without leave of the town. The prompt action which fol- 
lows, shows that, at least, this hospital was not considered a 
desirable institution : — 

April 9, the Question was put whether y^ Town will Suffer y" In- 
oculation for y" Small pox to be carried on in this town any longer 
and it passed in y'^ Negative. 

April 14, voted to give each recruit for the Continental 
army i^2o in addition to what may be given by the State or 
Congress. A committee of Whigs was chosen to obtain an 
" exact account of services, both personal and pecuniary, per- 
formed in the w^ar by the Inhabitants of this Town since 
April, 1775." At an adjourned meeting the Tories carried 
a vote not to accept the report of this committee. They also 
made a motion to reconsider the vote of the 14th, giving the 
^20 bounty ; they failed to carry it at first, but in another at- 
tempt they succeeded and the vote was annulled. The Whig 
and Tory parties were nearly balanced in numbers at this 
time, and votes passed by one side were often rescinded by 
the other at the same or adjourned meetings. 


Arrest of Tories. The exultant Tories, at the close of the 
campaign of 1776, really believed the end was near and acted 
accordingly. Israel Williams & Son of Hatfield, who had 
done a large business in selling English goods, being full in 
this faith, resolved to take time by the forelock, and import 
a stock of goods to be ready for the market when the bubble 
of the rebellion should bunst, and the non-importation acts 
be but waste paper. Accordingly, Dec. 21st, 1776, a large in- 
voice was made out and an order dispatched to a London 
house for the goods. They also wrote Gov. Hutchinson, and 
two other Tories in England, to aid them in getting the 
goods on credit. The order and the letters were dispatched 
to New York, to be .sent thence to England. The messenger 
went over the mountain and down the valley of the Hudson. 
While passing through Claverack, probably on a sudden 
alarm, he threw the packet into some bushes by the roadside, 
and was afraid or unable to recover it. Here it was discov- 
ered and came into the hands of that eminent Whig, Theo- 
dore Sedgwick, by whom it was sent back to the Committee 
of Safety at Hatfield — a fateful message to the writers. 

The excitement ran high. The Williamses had violated 
tlic written pledge of 1775. The Committee of Safety took 
the matter in hand, and March ist, Col. Williams and his son 
gave a bond for iJ^Soo, with (). Dickinson and Joseph Billings 
as sureties, to abide the action of the Council, and meantime 
to live up to the former pledge. The people were not satis- 
fied with this, and April ist both were arrested and taken to 
Boston by the Committee, and brought before the Governor 
and Council. David Wait went down to testify in regard to 
their general conduct at home. John Hastings, chairman of 
the Committee, wrote that the accused had been uniform in 
opposing everything to aid the cause of the country, and old 
letters to Hutchinson were produced against them. Among 
other things it came out that Col. Williams would not ob.serve 
the fasts appointed by Congress, and that on one occasion he 
had said with emphasis, "The People are about to Fast for 
vStrife and Debate and Smight with the Fist of Wickedness. " 
After a full examination, the result was announced April 

It appeared to this court that in violation of National Law, and 
solemn written engagements, entered into i)y said Israel Williams 


and son, to the People in ¥eh. 1775, they did in Dec. 1776, in order 
to obtain Large Quantities of Goods upon credit from our enemies, 
write to Joseph Crreen and Henry Laughton, Persons who did be- 
long to this State, but who have now joined our enemies, and who 
were at the time of writing said Letters supposed to be there in 
England, and the said Israel Williams, the father, did on the same 
Day and Place, write to Thomas Hutchinson, Esq., respecting the 
same matter, and did therein represent to said Hutchinson, his cer- 
tain Hope &: Expectation, that our Enemies would very soon en- 
tirely defeat & fully subdue the Americans. 

It also appeared that the Creneral Conduct of said Lsrael Williams 
and son, ever since April, 1775, has been unfriendly to the Ameri- 
can cause of Liberty, and no one Instance of Friendship in their 
Conduct since that time was produced, and it also appeared that the 
said Israel Williams, the father, by letters to said Hutchinson in 
1770-71, fully expressed his approbation of that British System of 
Despotism, which has since plunged us into this unnatural war, in 
which we are now struggling for the Defence and Preservation of the 
Common Rights and Liberties of Man. 

Therefore, Resolved, that the Sheriff of Hampshire County be di- 
rected to Commit the said Israel Williams and Son to the common 
goal in Northampton, and keep them in close custody until further 
orders of this Court. [Beyond this they were declared] unfit to hold 
any office or place under the government of the State. 

It was hard lines for CoL Williams. He was a man of .67 
years who had been for a generation the foremost man in 
northern Hampshire, and had served his country ably and 
faithfully in defending the frontiers against a French and 
Indian enemy. He had held the office of Register of Pro- 
bate, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and many other 
offices of honor and trust. Bitter, indeed, must have been 
his feelings as the prison doors clanged behind him, and he 
was left alone to meditate in those cells, to which so many a 
poor wretch had been consigned by his orders. 

In later years his treatment has been called persecution — 
a violation of the right of free thought and free speech. It 
certainly was that; but a thoughtful consideration of the 
case shows that if the Revolution itself can be justified, the 
action of the Council was not only expedient, but a high 
duty to the cause. 

May 19th, a call was issued for another convention of the 
Committees at Northampton, on the 27th. May 20th, our 
Committee chose Liettt. Joseph Barnard as a delegate. June 
3d, Col. David Field and Isaac Parker were chosen to attend 
another convention there on the loth. Joseph Hawley was 


the main spring in all these conventions of the Committees 
of Safety, and through them his influence molded the public 
action in a very great degree in this valley all through the 

The American troops had been driven from Canada and 
the lakes by Gen. Carleton. Burgoyne had forced them from 
Crown Point, Ticonderoga, Forts Anne and Edward, and he 
had reached the Hudson, intent on opening a communication 
vv^ith Gen. Howe, then holding New York, and thus cutting 
New England from the other colonies. The alarm was gen- 
eral, and the militia were hurried to the theater of war as 
fast as they could be raised and equipped. Near the last of 
February, Capt. Timothy Childs led a company of 72 men to 
Ticonderoga. They served 47 days. 

As Burgoyne advanced, fear of the Tories increased, and 
one company at least, refused to march until a. little arrange- 
ment had been made with this dangerous element. It was 
at Montague, and the details are worth preserving as a pic- 
ture of those times : — 

Montague, Aug. 19, 1777: — Whereas there is a No. of persons in 
this T" who are suspected to be inimical to the United States of 
America, respecting y*" present bloody, distressing war with Great 
Britian. The persons named are as follows: 

Bildad Billings, Moses Smead, Moses Root, 

Ebenezer I^illings, Nims Smead, Elisha Root, 

Ephraim Marsh, Moses Severance, Joseph Root, 

Ephraim Marsh, Jr., Ira Scott, Oliver Root, 

Daniel Lawrence, Reuben Scott, Jonathan Root. 

Eleazer Marsh, Capt. Joseph Root, 

Ezra Smead, Philip Root, 

These men seem to have been scooped together by the 
soldiers and held under guard at Gunn's tavern while further 
arrangements were being made for their disposal. 

There being this day assembled at y"^ house of Lieut. N. Gunn a 
No. of people from Sunderland, Leverett, Rrvingshire and Monta- 
gue, being Previously assembled to March for y*" relief of our Army, 
but being greatly Apprehensive of danger ensuing if these persons 
(who refuse to go) are left at home anned, therefore it is unanimous- 
ly determined y*^ this body of people will not leave this town til y"^ 
above-named persons will consent to y^ following Requitions, viz: 
tj, First, each one shall deliver up to a Committee appointed for that 
purpose all weapons & ammunitions & every other warlike instru- 
ment y*^ may be of Quick and dangerous use. 

That they shall be confined absolutely within the bounds of his 
own farm, excepting the privilege of attending public worship & 
funerals within this district, except the owners of the grist mill, who 


may pass and repass Directly to and from y*^ mill & serve y-' public 
undisturbed as usual. 

That Capt. Root, Reuben Scott, Moses Severance, Ephraim 
Marsh, senior, Samuel Smead, Ebenezer Billings shall be confined 
to the boundary of their home lots. [If any go beyond these fixed 
limits] they shall be Closely Confined upon their own Cost. The 
reason for y^ above-mentioned Confinement is, their Inimical Con- 
duct heretofore and their present declaration, z'/s., that they do not 
choose to be Independent of Great Britian as Declared by Congress, 
July 4, 1776. [It was also declared] dangerous to the United States 
that any of the above-named persons should keep a tavern or enter- 
tain people as such, which, if they do for y'' future, may depend up- 
on it, to incur y'= displeasure of this body of people. [They also in- 
clude in the above directions] Seth Taylor, Eleazer Scott and Mar- 
tin Root, who are not present, suspected to be of the same senti- 

Three days before this episode, another affair, similar in 
some of its features, had occurred in the valley of Walloom- 
sack. Burgoyne's little side trip over Green Mountain had 
there come to an end. His General, Baum, had been killed. 
The Hessians who were known " to be inimical to the United 
States of America" had also been required to "deliver up all 
weapons & amunition & every other warlike instrument," 
and as a further precaution to " be confined absolutely within 
bounds." They were not even allowed to attend funerals, or 
go to mill or to meeting, as were their friends in Montague. 

Had the news of the battle at Walloomsack — better known 
as the Battle of Bennington — reached "this body of the peo- 
ple " at Montague, and had they been assured that the in- 
vaders whom they were marching to meet were then safe in 
the clutches of Gen. Stark at Bennington, it is not unlikely 
that their Whig prescription would have been administered 
to the Tories all the same. 

This matter of shutting up Tories was by no means all 
talk. Ephraim Wright writes from Northampton, Aug. 30th, 
that a lot of Highlander prisoners sent there, " had lately re- 
fused to labor, and conducted in such a manner that we found 
it necessary to put them in goal, and more than twenty To- 
ries had been sent there for confinement, for whose reception 
the goal must be almost cleared." The Highlanders were scat- 
tered among the towns about there. Aug. 22d, one hundred 
and fifty Hessians, taken at Walloomsack, arrived there. 
Wright says tJicy are contented and have gone to work, and 
he would like them to remain there. 


When the news reached here of these Hessians marchino- 
towards New England and their fate, a company under Capt. 
Joseph Stebbins and Lieut. John Bardwell marched directly 
to Bennington. They were too late for the battle, the cap- 
tured Hessians being already on exhibition in the meeting- 
house. From Bennington, Capt. Stebbins marched to I^atten 
Kill and joined the regiment of Col. David Wells of vShel- 
burne, in which was Maj. David Dickinson of our town. 
From thence they marched to Fort Edward to cut off the re- 
treat of Burgoyne's army. While at Fort Edward, Capt. 
Stebbins called for volunteers, to follow him across the Hud- 
son to surprise an outpost of Burgoyne near Fort Miller. Jer- 
emiah Newton was one of the volunteers. He says they 
were successful, capturing " 2 British prisoners with consid- 
erable entrenching tools, blankets, arms, &c., which were 
divided up among the volunteers." Later Capt. .Stebbins 
joined Gates and was under the direct command of Benedict 
Arnold, and was in the battles of vStillwater and Bemis 

Burgoyne on his attempted retreat lost his personal bag- 
gage, which was distributed amongst the captors. Part of 
this spoil is now in. Memorial Hall — a linen towel, brought 
home by Capt. Stebbins, and a brass candlestick, brought 
home by Capt. Maxwell of Charlcmont. vStebbins also brought 
back part of a book belonging to the commissary department 
of Burgoyne, which was probably captured at Fishkill on the 
iithof October. The last entry made in it was Oct. 8th. 
This book contained a detailed account of rations given out 
to the Tory volunteers and camp assistants ; six hundred and 
seventy-five names appearing on the pages preserved. 

To Capt. McAlpine's corps of vol's, 12S men. 

To Capt. McKay's corps of vol's, 206 " 

To Lieut. Col. Jessiip's corps of vol's, 159 " 

To Lieut. Col. Peter's corps of vol's, 121 " 
Under Capt. Wilcox, 29 " 

Under Gen. Frazer, 2 " 

A dozen other officers were charged from one to four ra- 
tions each. This interesting document is also in Memorial 
Hall. An examination shows that it was utilized by the 
Continentals as an orderly book at " Head Quarters Fort Ed- 
ward," Oct. 13th, 14th. 15th. On the 14th, Col. David Wells 
was field officer of the day, with 47 of his men on guard du- 
ty. On one of the blank pages Capt. vStebbins made up a 


pay roll of his company Oct. i8. A copy is given below, ex- 
cept that the names of the privates are given alphabetically ; 
one hundred and fifteen miles' travel was allowed to each 

The Deerfield company was dismissed Oct. i8th, the day 
after the surrender of Burgoyne. There was no longer any 
fear of the Tories, and those on parole at Montague might 
now be safety released. 

August 14th, Capt. Timothy Childs, Lieut. Samuel Wells 
with fifty-three men, left 'Greenfield, marched thirty-four 
miles toward Bennington, then marched back again. 

Col. Williams and son were still in close confinement, and 
in November, William, son of the Colonel, petitioned the 
Council for a review of their case. By a resolve of December 
13th, 1777, they were released on condition they give a bond 
of ^3000 each, that the Colonel would not leave his home lot, 
except to go to meeting Sunday, and the son not to go out of 
the town, and neither to correspond with, or in any way to 
aid the enemy. Soon after his enlargement, Col. Williams 
sent a petition to the General Court, asking for the right of 
citizenship for himself and son, and that if they might not be 
allowed freedom here, they might have freedom to leave the 
State. This petition was dismissed— prisoners at home, they 
would not be enemies abroad. 

Here follows the roll of Capt. Stebbins's company, spoken 
of above. William Chamberlain of Deerfield, killed at the 
battle of Stillwater, was probably under Capt. Stebbins : — 

Capt. Joseph Stebbins, Sergt. Daniel Slate, Corp. Samuel Gladding, 

Lt. John Bardwell, Sergt. Samuel Turner, Corp. Jason Parmenter, 

Sergt. Geo. Herbert, Corp. David Hoyt, Drummer, James Warren, 

Sergt. Abel Parker, Corp. Zibah Phillips, Fifer, Justin Hitchcock. 


Allen, Joseph Frary, Nathan Parker, Samuel 

Andrews. Nehemiah Gait, John Sanderson, Joseph 

Beaman,John Gray, David Sheldon, Amasa 

Billings, Thomas Gray, Robert Sheldon, Cephas 

Bliss, David Harding, Abiel Stone, Elias 

Burt, Ithamar Joiner, Edward Taylor, Eliphalet 

Burt, Simeon, Joiner, William Taylor. John 

Catlin, Timothy Maxwell, F'hilip Tute, Moses 

Childs, Lemuel Miller, Tilotson Webster, Stephen 

Connable, John Newton, Jeremiah Wells, Thomas 

Dickinson, Eliphalet Newton, Levi Wheat, Samuel 

Faxon, Thomas Orvis, William 

[Otlier Deerfield men who served this year for longer or shorter 
periods. Those marked with a * enlisted for three years:] — 


Allen, Moses Goodnough. Abner Read, Jesse* 

Anderson, lohn Graves, Matthew Rice, Benjamin 

Kates, Moses Harding, Aliijah Rider, Daniel 

Helding, John Holmes, Philip * Rose, Thomas 

Childs, Reuben Locke, Moses Sanderson, James 

Coats, Simeon Newton, John Smith, Elisha 

Cooley, Azariah Newton, Moses Smith, Preserved 

Cooley, Joel Nims, Amasa Warren, Neverson* 

Darby, Daniel Nims, Hull Wells, Thomas 

Davidson, Barnabas Paine, Charles* Wise, Daniel 

Dickinson, Thos. W. Peck, Nathan 

Frary, Julius Pratt, Aaron 

June 3d, 1777, Deerfield received of the General Court ^42, 
I s, 3d, as allowance for the mileage of fifteen men to Fair- 
field, and ten men to Albany, for transporting- baggage and 
canteens. In October, £(), 15 s for transporting rations and 
baggage to Manchester. 

1778. February 14th, Col. David Field, then sixty-two years 
old, tendered his resignation as colonel of the regiment, rep- 
resenting that the " frequent calls for the militia to turn out, 
and I not able to head the regiment under my command," 
makes it expedient, and he hopes the command may devolve 
upon some one in the " Bloom of Life." His resignation was 
accepted by the government. 

The Committee of Safety, &c., chosen at the March meet- 
ing were Ensign "Joseph Barnard, Jeremiah Nims, David 
Saxton, Eldad Bardwell, Capt. Joseph Stebbins, Isaac Parker, 
Lt. Thomas Bardwell, Mr. John Sheldon and Capt. Nathan 
Frary." David vSaxton was elected chairman and Isaac Par- 
ker, clerk. The only business of the Committtee recorded 
this year was looking towards the care of the confiscated es- 
tate of Nathaniel Dickinson. 

" Lt. Adonijah Taylor and others " petitioned to be set off 
to Whately, but their petition was dismissed. Taylor lived 
at vSanderson's Glen and owned a mill there. 

April 23d, a town meeting was called to act upon a form of 
government which had been framed and submitted to the 
people, the original source of all power, and they assembled 
accordingly to exercise the highest prerogative of freemen. 
The new constitution was read by the town clerk, "Paragraph 
by Paragraph." After due time spent in discussion, the 
meeting was adjourned for ten days, "that the Inhabitants 
of this Town might have time to consider it Maturely," and 
after another adjournment for sixteen days, the meeting dis- 



solved. This evidence of careful consideration is all that is 
found relating to the affair. 

" May 20, voted that y*" Selectmen be empowered to hire 
^210 for y" purpose of procuring those men to go into y'^ ser- 
vice of y'' United States, called for from this Town agreeable 
to an Act of y'' Great and Gen. Court of this State y'' 20th of 
April last." 

This act provided that towns might pay a bounty of ;^30, 
to be repaid by the State. By this vote it appears that our 
quota under this call was seven men. But another call fol- 
lowed closely. June 8th, Joseph vStebbins, vSen., sixty years 
old, was drafted to serve nine months in the Continental 
arm}^ " or pay a fine of twenty pounds within twenty-four 
hours." The receipt of Capt. Thomas Dickinson of June 9th, 
shows that the fine was paid. June 17th, the town was called 
upon to furnish for the army thirty-four pairs of shoes and 
stockings and thirty-four shirts. 

December 7th, the attempt to repress the irrepres.sible 
minister was continued by a vote not to raise his salary or to 
furnish him firewood. 

On the petition of Paul Hawks a road was laid " from y" 
road from Wapping to y'' Town, across New Field to y'" road 
leading to Hatfield." This is the south Wapping road across 
South Meadows. 

The following list contains the names of those known to 
have served in the army during this year. Some were guard- 
ing stores, some guarding prisoners, and others went out on 
the alarm at New London. Those marked thus, *, enlisted 
for three years, those thus, f, for the war : — 

Anderson, John 
*Babcock, John 
Bardwell, Thomas 
Barnard, Joseph 
BatchehJer, Jona. 
Bates. Moses 
Billinps, Samuel 
Bull, William 
*Burnham, Obadiah 
*Campbell, Phineas 
Childs, Reuben 
*Davis, John 
Dickinson, Eliphalet 
Dickinson, T. W. 
*Farlev. Solomon 
*Faxon, Thomas 
*Fethergill, Joseph 
Field, Elihu 

Foster, Ezekiel 
F"oster, Ezekiel, Jr. 
Frary, Julius 
Frary, Nathan 
Frary, Timothy 
*Gault, John 
*Graves, Zadock 
Harding, Abijah 
Hastings, Samuel 
*Hawley, John 
*Henderson, David 
f Henry, John 
Hitchcock, Gains 
loiner, William 
*Kendall, David 
*Kip, Abraham 
*Larcum, John 
*Leach, Joseph 

*Loveland, Edward 
fMartin, Peter 
Munn, Joel 
Nevvcomb, Daniel 
Newton, Alpheus 
*Newton, Jeremiah 
Newton, Moses 
Newton, Solomon 
Nims, Amasa 
Nims, Daniel 
Nims, Ebenezer 
Nims, Israel 
Nims, Seth 
fOlent, Stephen 
Parker, Israel 
Pratt, Aaron 
Pratt, Samuel 
*Read, Jesse 


Rider, David *Staples, William fWilliams, James 

♦Sanderson, Elalhan Stone, Elias fVVilliams, Oliver 

Saxion, David Taylor, Adonijah Williams, Zebediah 

*Scolt, Jonathan Taylor, Henry Wise, Daniel 

Shattuck, Reuben Taylor, James Woods, Thomas 

Sheldon, Cephas *Townsend, Robert Wright, Carmi 

Sheldon, Jonathan *Wakefield, Daniel Wrij^ht, Reuben 

Smead, Samuel fWarrcn, Neverson *Young, William 

Smith, Amasa *Watkins, Zacheus 

*Sprague, Edward Wells, Asa 

Men who were drafted and refused to serve. They probably paid 
the fine for non-service: — 

Alexander, Amos Dickinson, Samuel Hinkley, Elijah 

Arms, Eliphaz Dvvelley, Samuel Readfield, Ebenezer 

Catlin,Seth Elmer, Gamaliel Simons, Abel 

Chandler, Moses Graves, Joel Webster, Ezekiel 

Childs, James . Hawks, Samuel Williams, John 

1779. This was a dark year for the Revolutionists. The 
impetus given by the actual outbreak against tyrannical tax- 
ation had spent its force. Now it was steady pulling with a 
heavy load, and it required the utmost courage and wisdom 
in the Patriot leaders to sustain the cause. The operations 
of agriculture had been seriously interrupted by the heavy 
draft of able-bodied men for the war. The burden of taxa- 
tion was heavy and increasing. The depreciation of the 
currency had unsettled all business transactions. The weak- 
hearted Whigs were growing faint, the indifferent weary of 
the war, and both were tending towards a "peace at any 
price " party. In this condition of affairs the Tories rallied 
and came again to the front. Town meetings were frequent 
and stormy. The Committee of Safety, on which so much 
depended, was made up of Capt. Joseph Stebbins, Eldad 
Bardwell, Simeon Harvey, Abner Mitchell and Elihu Field. 

The annual March meeting went off quietly, the Whigs 
filling the leading offices, and the usual routine business for 
the year was done. At an adjourned meeting the Tories got 
control and tried to undo all that was done at the first meet- 
ing. The first motion was " to see if the Town will Recon- 
sider the votes passed on the first of March." Not succeeding 
in this, some of the offfcers chosen then were " excused," 
additions were made to other boards, and by one plan or an- 
other Tories were substituted for Whigs in the principal 
offices. Some of the Whig incumbents resigned in disgust 
at their Tory associates. Justin Hitchcock was chosen town 
clerk. He says of the election, " As I attended public wor- 


vship, and led the singing, I thought the Tories might have 
.some hope of gaining me to their side by this mark of dis- 
tinction." This was a true conjecture, and he was retained 
only so long as this hope continued, when he went out at the 
"same door he came in at." An attempt was made and de- 
feated to raise money by selling the " Sequestered Land north 
of David Saxton's." This is the square in front of the Eph- 
raim Williams home lot called for many years the town gar- 
den, and is a remnant of the ministerial lot remaining unsold 
in 1760. There were three adjournments of this meeting, 
and the Tories acted the part of obstructionists all through. 
This line of conduct, as we shall see, eventually came to an 
abrupt ending. At a meeting, July 5th, the Tories had every- 
thing their own way, also at another, July 12th, when a com- 
mittee was chosen to wait upon the captains and lieutenants 
and desire them, — 

I St, to lay before the Town an account of what each person hath 
Done or hath Paid for Supporting the War by Drafts fines or Gifts. 

2d, To what use they have put the money received in consequence. 

3d, the names of those who are subjected by Law to a Draft for 
Personal service & the names of those who are subjected to a Draft 
for Real or Personal estate. 

This, and all other action at this meeting, was aimed at the 
Whigs, but the Tories got nothing for their pains. The 
committee reported at an adjourned meeting that these offi- 
cers " neglected to comply with the Desire of the Town, Not- 
withstanding it is yet the opinion of the Town, the aforesaid 
Desire is reasonable and just, yet voted that this meeting be 

August 12th, Col. David Fielcl was chosen a delegate to the 
Constitutional Convention to be holden Sept. ist. 

A convention held at Concord in July, recommended that 
county conventions be called to fix prices of the common 
commodities in reference to the fluctuating currency. The 
town refused to take the matter into consideration. 

September 6th, another town meeting was held and Samuel 
McCall was chosen a delegate to a convention to be held at 
Northampton, September 9th. This was the only business 
of the meeting. The Tories could not prevent a delegate 
being- chosen, but they could cry out against the doings of 
the convention. At a meeting, Sept. 20th, " The question 


was put to see if the Town will approve the doings of the 
late county Convention, held at Northampton for the purpose 
of regulating the Prices of the several species and Necessa- 
ries of Life, and it pasd in the Negative." To make this 
stronger it was then voted to " Disaprove of the said Doings." 
This was the only business of this meeting. 

The following certificate shows something of the supervis- 
ion over the Tories in their business transactions. 

These may certify that Mr. Klisha Harrington of Weston has lib- 
erty to pass to Deerfield in the County of Hampshire with a Teeme 
Loaded with one Hogshead and tarse of Sah, and one tarse of oile, 
it being one of the Loads that Mr. John WiUiams had Liberty to 
Proceed to Deerfield by a committee of the Ceneral (rourt. 
Weston, Oct. ii, 1779. 

JosiAH SMnri, ) Selectmen 
Isaac Jones, V of 

Joseph Roberts, ) Weston. 

At a meeting Dec. 6th, a committee was chosen to procure 
Mr. Ashley his firewood. "Voted to raise a Sufficient sum 
of money to defray the Town Debts and ^600 for contingen- 
cies," thus showing pltick enough to shoulder their burdens, 
heavy as they were, and to pay as they went. The modern 
curse of loading up with debt was not then so fashionable. 
" Voted jto allow the People at Wapping for Building a school 
house there, three Pounds, to be atigmented at the rate of 
twenty-four for one & will be Seventy-two Pound." This shows 
the exact value of the " fiat money " of Congress at this date. 

Men known to have served short terms in the army this 
year are : — 

Amsden, Simeon Harding, Abijah Ranney, Fredericlc 

Barnard, Samuel Kendall, John Stebbins, Lt. Col. Jos. 

Faxon, Allen Nash, Moses Stone, Elias 

Faxon, Thomas Newton, John Tayhjr, Eliphalel (3 years) 

Grandy, Reuben Porter, Asa Wells, John 

Harding, Abiel Pratt, Joseph Wise, Daniel. 

1780. At the annual meeting, March 6th, I^ieut. John Bard- 
well, Isaac Parker, Thos. W. Dickinson, Elihti Field and Ab- 
ner Mitchell were chosen Committee of vSafety, &c. There 
was great difficulty in getting anybody to collect the taxes. 
Finally a bargain was made with John Saxton to collect them 
for two per cent. 

April 22d, the General Court directed the Committee of 
Safety to lease the estate of Nathaniel Dickinson in such a 


manner as will be for the best interest of the State. June 
3d, they were directed not to lease it, but to keep it fenced, 
that it may be ready for pasturing cattle bought for the use 
of the army, " to be used by the purchasing Commissary as 
he shall think proper." 

May 15th, a meeting was held to act on the new Constitu- 
tion. The Clerk was directed to read the instrument " Para- 
graph by Paragraph, pausing between them." After this a 
committee of nine was chosen " to peruse the Constitution or 
Form of Government now presented to the people of this 
vState for their Approbation or Disapprobation, and make 
such objections to it, as they think ought to be made, and 
Lay the same before the Town at an adjourned meeting." 
Met the 25th, when the paper was again read by the Clerk. 
June I St, the operation was repeated, with another adjourn- 

June 5th, voted not to have the Clerk read the Constitution 
again. Doubtless they had it all by heart, at this meeting. 
Voted, 14 to 9, "not to accept the third article in the Decla- 
ration of Rights." Voted unanimously that " in the Qualifi- 
cations of the person eligible to the office of Governor In- 
stead of his Declaring himself to be of the Christian Relig- 
ion, it should be that he Declare himself of the Protestant 
Religion," They also objected that fifteen years was too 
long a period before the Constitution should be revised, and 
proposed eight years instead. In other respects it was satis- 
factory. The freeholders of Deerfield having done their 
duty with great deliberation the meeting dissolved. It is to 
be presumed from the small vote that the Tories held them- 
selves aloof from the meeting." 

June 2d, the General Court had ordered the State quota of 
soldiers to be raised by draft. The quota of Deerfield was 
thirteen. June 19th, it was "voted to choose a committee to 
procure the men now required of the Town with full power 
to procure by hire at the charge of the Town," and the " com- 
missioned officers of both militia companies " were made the 

" Voted to reconsider the two last votes." The business 
was then divided between two committees and finally left in 
much the same condition as first voted. 

Monday, Sept. 4th, 1780, was the first election under the 


new Constitution. The money qualification for a voter was 
a freehold estate worth sixty pounds and an annual income of 
three pounds. The vote for State officers was so small lliat 
it may safely be assumed the Tories did not vote. The vote 
for Governor stood : — 

loliii Hancock, . . - 19 

lames Bowdoin, - - - i 

Joseph Hawley, - - - 2 

For Lieut. Governor : — 

Azor Orne, - - - - 20 

"For Counsellors & Senators," Joseph Hawley and John 
Bliss each 19; Salah Barnard, 15 ; Caleb Strong, 9; John Hast- 
ings and Noah Goodman, each 8; Timothy Danielson and 
Timothy Robinson, each 4; Samuel Mather, 2. 

Sept. 4th. Voted to supply the articles of clothing now re- 
quired for the army by the General Court, and individuals 
were invited to bring them in. 

At a meeting Oct. i6th, "Voted to comply with the Resolve 
of the Gen Court of Sep"' 25, 1780." 

" Voted that the Assessors be directed to Assess the Town 
of Deerfield Immediately upon the Last Valuation list, the 
Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds for the purpose of enabling 
the Town to purchase the Beef now required of the Town by 
the Gen Court." Eliphalet Dickinson, Am/i Childs and 
Lieut. John Bardwell were made a committee to buy the beef. 

Men known to have served in the army this year, on short 
terms ; men marked " were in for the war, those marked f 
deserted : — 

Amsden, Simeon Fletcher, lohn* Newton, Alpheus 

Batchelder, Jonathan Krary, Nalhan Pratt, Joseph 

Buckman, Benjamin* Harding, Abie! Pratt, Samuel 

Cleaveland, Henry + Hinsdale, John Smith, Elijah 

Dickinson, Maj. David Hitchcock, Gains Smith, Jacoh f 

Dickinson, James Hunter, John Stebbins, Lt. Col. Joseph 

Dickinson, Lt. Thos. W. Johnson, John Jr.J Wells, John. 

Fa.xon, Thomas Lanfair, Leonard 

Fletcher, David* Lawrence, Levi 

Jesse Billings, William Starr from Boston, William Lover- 
idge and Jonathan Chapman from Colchester, Conn., who 
afterwards became citizens, all probably served this year. 
Lieut. T. W. Dickinson was at West Point under his old com- 
mander when the treason of Arnold was discovered and 
Wa.shington came there. 


Ministerial Affairs. June 19th, the town "Voted to hire 
some person to preach the Gospel in this Town for y'= pres- 
ent." Dea. Samuel Childs, Dea. Asahel Wright and Jere- 
miah Nims were chosen a committee for that purpose, " with 
Discressionary power to hire one for as Long a time as they 
think proper." 

In absence of proof to the contrary I assumed and said in 
the " History of the Connecticut Valley" that the above vote 
of the town in taking the pulpit and putting it in charge 
of a committee with unlimited power seemed to prove that 
the connection between Mr. Ashley and the town had been 
dissolved. It certainly had that appearance, but evidence to 
the contrary has been found. Dea. Justin Hitchcock, a con- 
temporary member of the church, says, in his JVLS. memoirs : — 

There was an attempt made early in the spring [Of 1780] to bring 
the unhappy controversy subsisting between him and a large part of 
the church and people to a settlement, and Mr. Ashley and the ag- 
grieved part of the church chose a mutual Council which met in May 
& after sitting a number of days found they were equally divided 
and could do nothing, and the dispute remained as it was until Aug. 
30, [28] when Mr. Ashley died. 

Pliny Arms, in a lyceum lecture about 1840, says the diffi- 
culty between Mr. Ashley and a part of the church, — 

Was submitted to Joseph Dana, Joseph Perry and Robert Breck, 
chosen by Mr. Ashley, and Joseph Bellamy, James Lockwood and 
Simeon Backus, chosen by the aggrieved members. Mr. Ashley had 
Wm. Williams, who married his daughter, as counsel, and the ag- 
grieved brethren John 'J'runibull the historian of Connecticut. They 
had a ten days' session but never came to a result. 

I cannot tell how far this list of the members of the Coun- 
cil is correct, but there are evident errors in it. Joseph Dana 
was not a member. I have a paper certified to as being a 
copy of one on the files of the Council by ''James Dana, 
Scribed James Lockwood died in 1772. Samuel Lockwood 
may have been the man. The advocate could not have been 
"John Trumbull the Historian," for the historian was Ben- 
jamin. It may have been John Trumbull, the poet, author of 
McFingal, &c. He was also a lawyer who had been in the 
office of John Adams at Boston, and was an ardent Whig. 
He was a classmate of Rev. Joseph Lyman of Hatfield, who 
was also a Whig and figured prominently in the preparation 
of this case on the Whig side. 


Packard speaks of this affair in his " History of Churches 
in Franklin County." He says "the council sat ten days," 
but gives nothing- more. Neither the town records nor those 
of the church contain the slightest allusion to the affair. Ex- 
tended research has failed to bring to light a single syllable 
concerning the action of the Council or the questions before it. 

A scrap of an account kept by David Saxton and a memo- 
randum of Ensign Joseph Barnard show that great prepara- 
tions were made for the hearing, and these give a clue to the 
actors. The expense of the preparation was borne by the 
following named men : — 

Ensign Joseph Barnard, Amzi Childs, Col. David Field, 

Samuel Barnard, Samuel Childs, Capi. Nathan Frary, 

Zebediah Graves, Lt. Joseph Barnard, David Saxion, 

Jeremiah Nims, Joseph Mitchell, Maj. Salah Barnard. 

Ens. Barnard acted as treasurer. A paper in his handwrit- 
ing, without date, but clearly referring to this occasion, gives 
the financial side of their operations : — 

Memorandom of charges that have been gone into by the Com- 
pany in preparing their Charges to lay before the late Ecclesiastical 
Council— viz. 

To Lt Barnard for keeping Missurs Hopkins, Lothrop and their Deli- 
gates, 36 meals 36s — Keeping yr horses 12 nights 12s — 12 lodg- 
ings 3s. Sugar for mixed drinks ijd ^2 11 g 
To Mr. L [saac] Parker, Keeping Mr Trumbull and others 67 meals 

67s — 18 lodgings 4s 6. Sugar is 6 3130 

Mr. Trumbull Advocate, his bill 8 10 o 

Allowed Mr Parker for his extraordinary trouble 18 2 

To David Sexton going after ministers & Advocate, 7 days 21s — Horse 
120 miles i6s — Pocket Expenses 47s 6 — Keeping horses — for Mr. 
Trumble 4 nits and Days — Rev Mr Lymans i do; Wm. Dwights, 
2 do; Rev Mr Blisses, 1 do; Capt Ruts, 2 do; Rev Mr Emersons 2 
do — I2S To Yt, quire of paper is 10; 6 quarts West India rum i8s. 
To 3 quarts rum when Mr Hojjkins and others met 6s 624 

Total 21 9 3 

To defray these hills Lt. Jn. Bardvvell gave $50 

Mr. Isaac Paiker, 53 

Mr. J. Smead, 140 

Each of the twelve named above, $407, 4,884 

[Total in Continental currency.] .$5,127 

One of the papers used before the Council was a " declara- 
tion " made by one of the church members, that some ten 
years before he had repeated " an ugly, false, abusive story 
about Mr. Ashley." " I did not receive it as trtith," he says, 
and " I am heartily sorry I ever mentioned it, tho' not con- 


scions of any evil design, I feel that this is not to do as I 
would be done by." He asks the forgiveness of " the Rev, 
pastor and brethren of the church." This paper was en- 
dorsed "May 25, 1780. A true copy from the files. 

Attest: James Dana, Scribe." 

Dea. Hitchcock says, " not long after Mr. Ashley's death 
the parties became united;" but it will be seen there were 
other causes operating to bring about this union. Mr. Ashley 
was prostrated by sickness in May or June, from which he 
never recovered. The intentions of the town in assuming 
the charge of the pulpit June 19th, can only be conjectured. 
The remarkable Dark Day of May 19th occurred while this 
Council was in session. It filled the superstitious with sore 
alarm, and added to the gloom overshadowing the distracted 

At the time Mr. Ashley died there had been no settlement 
of accounts between him and the town since 1774, when the 
town voted his receipt in settlement was " unsatisfactory," 
and very little had been paid him in the heat of the war. 
His executors brought a large claim against the town. In 
December, 1782, Joseph Stebbins, Seth Catlin and Asahel 
Wright were chosen a committee to examine this claim. 
They reported as being due to Mr. Ashley the sum of ^^787, 
17 s, 6d in silver, as arrearage for salary, firewood and rent 
of town lot. The town voted to pay that amount, which was 
accepted by the executors. The town also voted to refund 
to those who had paid any minister's taxes during this peri- 
od the full amount so paid, thus assuming the whole amount 
of the salary in a lump and equalizing the burden by a new 
assessment. This action of the' town shows that Mr. Ashley 
had been hardly and unjustly dealt with by withholding that 
support to which he had a legal claim. It also shows that the 
irritating cause removed, the town was willing to make full 

An examination of the following tables will exhibit the 
vSore financial condition under which our patriot sires fought 
for and conquered an Independence from a nation whose cof- 
fers were overflowing with gold. 

Colonial and State taxes on Deerfield. The first tax was laid in 
1699 for expenses of 1698: — 










1 70 1 








no tax 







1 70S 



110 tax laid 




* * 

( 4 

































1725 53 5 o 
. '725 135 5 o 

This was an extra tax to 
redeem the Hills of Cred- 
it issued in 1721. 

1726 53 I 6 

1727 46 15 o 
172S 20 9 4 

Mch. 1727-8, another is- 
sue of £60,000 Hills of 
Credit. The share of 
Ueerlield was £135, los. 




i; s d 

105 8 4 

no tax laid 

72 II 3 





1 1 1 







Mch. 1 72 1, £50,000 were 
issued by the gov'nt in 
Hills of Credit to be loan- 
ed to the towns. Deer- 
lield had ;Ci35. I5s. 

1722 26 o o 

1723 15 19 o 

1724 27 5 o 

[The two above sums 
were ta.xed to redeem 
iiills of Credit.] 

1737 3S 5 7 

1737 137 1^ 3 
•737 18 7 6 

1738 IS 7 6 
to redeem Frills of Credit. 

173S 46 69 

1739 no tax laid 

84 5 3 

95 5 9 

114 4 6 

106 19 5 

154 9 o 
344 9 3 
In 174S England granted 
this Province to reim- 
burse her expenses in the 
capture of (3ape Hreton, 
£183, 649,2s, 7i2d in coin. 
'Ihis sum was used to re- 
deem Hills of Credit at 
the rate of 45s Old Tenor 
for I silver dollar, and 
of .Midtlle and New Ten- 
or 13s, 3d for a dollar. To 
accomplish this a tax of 
£75,000 was laid in 1749 
to be paid in Bills at the 
rates noted above. The 
tax on Deertield was £260 

1750 no tax 

1751 134 3 o 

1752 82 14 2 

1753 3^' 15 (i 

















1 1 

1 1 















Tax of Greenfield 
for comparison. 
£22 14 o 






















no tax found 
71 14 ir 

36 4 



Mch. '78 
May '78 
Feb. '79 2778 
May '79 9335 
Dec. '79 9855 
May '80 18,270 00 
June '80 234 10 
Sept. '80 18270 O 

59 13 6 
no tax found 
72 62 
04 8 








Tax of Greenfield 
for comparison. 
30 18 

























1 6 












These large sums called for in taxes represent the depre- 
ciated currency of the time — the Bills of Credit issued by the 
Continental Congress. It fell off in value until it became 
only waste paper. There was no end to the trouble and loss 
occasioned thereby. Prices rose correspondingly. It hardly 
mattered how much was paid for any commodity so long as 
the buyer could pay in Continental money. The sooner it 


was out of his hands the better, as its value fell off month by 
month. In paying debts, making contracts, and settling ac- 
counts there was constant friction, and it became necessary 
to fix by law, a basis for all business transactions. In 1 780 
an act was passed by the General Court, fixing a scale of de- 
preciation to which all debtors and creditors were obliged to 
conform, and establishing a standard for the settlement of all 
business transactions and engagements from January ist, 
1777, to April, 1780. This scale is given below. 

This has been well called "the time that tried men's souls." 
It must have equally tried their patience, their patriotism, 
their mathematics and their pockets. The table below shows 
how much in Continental bills one dollar in gold or silver 
would buy on the first day of any given month : — 











Jan'y !t;7.42 

Jan'y $29.34 





Feb. 8. 68 

Feb. 33 22 





Mar. 10.00 

Mar. 37.36 


1. 12 



April 11.04 

April 40.00 





May 12.15 





June 1342 





July 14.77 





Aug. 16.30 





Sept. 18.00 





Oct. 20.30 





Nov. 23.08 





Dec. 25.93 

As being of great interest to their descendants, we give 
from the descriptive lists, the personal appearance of some of 
those who served this year : — 






Color eyes 

Color hair. 

Amasa Smith, 


5ft 5 



black, short. 

David Sa,\ton, Jr., 







William Bull, 







Seth Nims, 




•* i( 



Moses Newton, 






( ( 

Reuben Wells, 






( C 

John Johnson, 







Abel Bates, 







Stephen Rolph, 




1 1 

Elijah Smith, 




* t 



Abiel Harding, 




( t 


short, sandy 

Aaron Allis, 







Nathan Frary, Jr. 






short, light, 

Samuel Pratt, 







Frederick Barney 







These are 





from y* 

5 th Rgg.t Qf 

Malitia in y'^ County of Hamp.shire Agreable to an Act and 
ord'' of Court of y'^ 22 of June 1780. Thomas W. Dickinson 
ist Lieut ordered out to serve as ist Lieut in a company." 


The following are from Greenfield under the same order. 
"Isaac Newton, captain, ordered to command the company de- 
tached from the fifth regiment." 





Col. eyes 

Col. hair. 

Joseph Wells, 







Apolas Allen, 







Joseph Atherton, 





( t 


|oel Allen, 







loel Smith, 







Ebenezer Patterson, 




t t 



Israel Denio, 






" cast. 

Joseph Hastings, 




' * 

. t 


[oseph Severance, 




( 1 

Ephraim Leech, 







Frederick Denio, 







George Loveland, 




i t 


short, light 

1 78 1. This was a year of town meetings. Eleven were 
held under warrant and eight by adjournment. It was a 
critical period in the political history of the town. There 
was a hot fight between the Whig and Tory parties for the 
ascendency. The former had been weakened by the loss of 
the patriots who had gone to fight the battles of the country, 
and the latter were comparatively stronger. Hitherto the 
Whigs had generally carried the day. 

The town meeting campaign opened with the year. At a 
meeting January ist, Jonathan Arms, a Tory, was chosen 
moderator. The business of the meeting was to see if the 
town would take measures to procure the men and beef called 
for from this town by a resolve of the General Court, Dec. 
4th, 1780. A committee of seven, made up from both parties, 
was chosen "to hire the men," and the meeting adjourned to 
January 8th. At that date the men had not been procured, 
and the committee were instructed to, — 

Try farther to get them & report to the adjourned meeting how 
they can hire them. 

The Question was put to see if the Town will procure the beef 
now required of the Town by a Resolve of the Gen. Court of Dec. 
4, 1780 & it pass'' in the Negative. There was then an adjournment 
to January 22. 

Monday, Jan'y 22d, then met, & the Question being put to see if 
the Town will Instruct the Committee chosen to procure the men to 
offer to them a certain limited price, & it pass'' in the affirmative. 
The vote being disputed the Yeas & Nays were taken. 

The result was thirty-six to thirty-six, the moderator cast- 


ing the tie vote for the Tory side. The committee was then 
instructed to pay for each man engaging for three years ten 
pounds hard money at the beginning of each year, and voted 
to raise ^^^140 hard money for the purpose — a Whig measure. 
The vote passed on the 8th not to furnish beef was reconsid- 
ered, and "voted that the Town will procure the Beef re- 
quired of the Town." A Tory committee was chosen for the 
work, who were not expected to comply with the vote, and 
they didn't. Two of the committee to supply the men having 
resigned, two others were "excused from .serving." These 
were all Whigs. The committee was then filled with Tories 
and the meeting dissolved. 

But the day's work had only begun. The success of Wash- 
ington in the field, the open alliance of France, and the man- 
ifest sympathy of Spain and other Continental powers, had 
led Great Britain to make an effort for a peaceful settlement 
of the questions now depending on the issue of the war. Com- 
missioners were sent to our shores, with full power to grant 
amnesty for the past, and allow all claims but that of Indepen- 
dence. They came too late ! Congress was willing to treat 
for a settlement, but only on the basis of Independence. The 
Tories, however, were ready and anxious to welcome the 
offer and settle the dispute on easy terms, and a new town 
meeting had been called here the same day, Jan. 22d. The 
business was, — 

To sec if the Town will Instruct their Representative in the Gen- 
eral Court of this Commonwealth to repair to said court & there use 
his Influence that the s'' Court will Direct their Delegates in the 
Continental Congress to Endeav"" that some Immediate overtures be 
made to the Court of Great Britian (or persons deputed by s'' Court) 
in order to Effect an accommodation Settlement & Peace between 
Great Britian & the United States of America without further effu- 
sion of Blood. 

There is no clue to the debate on the resolution, which was 
doubtless hot and personal, but the article was adopted by 
the following yea and nay vote, which has been arranged al- 
phabetically : — 


Allen, Caleb Arms, Thomas Catlin, Seth 

.\nderson, John Ashley, Elihu Chandler, Moses 

Anderson, William Ashley, Jonathan Childs. Amzi 

Arms, Daniel Barnard, Ebenezer Childs, Samuel 2d 

Arms, Eliphaz Burt, Ebenezer Childs, Samuel 3d 

Arms, Jonathan Catlin, Nathan Clesson, Matthew 



Felton, William Hinsdale, John Robbins, Nathan 

Harvey, Simeon Iloyt, Clement Siebbins, Lieul. David 

Hawks, Asa Hoyt, Jonathan Williams, )ohn 

Hawks, Obed Hoyt, Jonathan, 2d Wright, Westwood 

Hawks, Solomon Nims, Elisha [34] 

Hawks, Zadock Pratt, Aaron 


Allis, Zebcdiah Field, Col. David Nims, Jeremiah 

Amsden. John F'isk, Daniel Jr. Parker, Isaac 

Karrlwell, Eldad Frary, Capt. Nathan -Smead, Oliver 

Bardwell, Lieut. John Frary, Timothy -Smith, Al)ner 

Bardwell, Lieut. Thomas Gladding, Samuel Smith, Amasa 

Barnard, Lieut. Joseph Hitchcock, Justin Smith, Rufus 

Barnard, Maj. Salah Locke, Capt. Jonas .Smith, Samuel 

Burt, Ithamar McKennj-, Ebene/.er Wells, Augustus 

Dickinson, Maj David Newton, Alpheus Wells, Thomas 

Dickinson, Eli[)halet Newton. Solomon [31] 

Dickinscjn, Lieut. Thos. W. Nims, Israel 

Voted that the Clerk be Directed to serve Mr. David Sa.xton, the 
Representative for this Town in the (ien. Court of this Common- 
wealth with a Copy of the Proceedings of this & the last meeting. 

The Tories were now in high feather. But the end was 
not yet. Had the trio who took the lead in this matter the 
prescience to di.scern the restilt of these proceedings, the event 
would probably have been different. The instructions were 
laid before the General Court by the Representative. The 
Court does not quite understand the import of this doctiment, 
and sends a rather pressing invitation to some who are sup- 
posed to know, to come and enlighten them ; as appears by 
the Resolution below. Other information beside the instruc- 
tions had evidently reached the Court. A hearing was had 
before a committee of both houses, of which Samuel Osgood, 
a man well known in the military and civil service in this 
State and New York, was chairman. He reported : — 

Whereas it appears by Instructions given the Representative of 
the Town of Deerfield, and also by representations made to the Gen'l 
Court, that Divers persons, Subjects of this Commonwealth, are Dis- 
affected to the Independence of the United States in (i-eneral, & of 
this in particular, and are artfully propagating the most dangerous 
principles within the same, and are using their utmost efforts to pre- 
vent furnishing supplies of i\Ien and provision for the army of the 
United States, and to withdraw the good people of this Common- 
wealth from their allegiance to the government thereof. 

Therefore the committee recommend that the attorney 
general prosecute at law all such offenders, in order that they 
" may receive the punishment due their crimes." This action 
followed the report : — 


Whereas, the Instructions given to the Representative of the 
Town of Deerfield are expressed in such manner as renders it doubt- 
ful what the Intention of the Inhabitants of said Town ot Deerfield 
is, relative to the Subject Matter of said Instructions, therefore 

Resolved, that Seth Catlin, Gent., John Williams, Gent., and Jon- 
athan Ashley, Esq., all of Deerfield, in the County of Hampshire, be, 
and they are hereby ordered, forthwith to attend the General Court 
to make answer to such Questions as shall be put to them relative to 
their views and designs in such Instructions. 

Feb. loth, 1 78 1, the Resolution was accepted in the Senate 
and concurred in by the House and signed by John Hancock, 
Governor. The sergeant-at-arms came for the men and took 
them to the Bar of the House. There is a tradition that the 
prisoners consulted Simeon Strong, who advised them to 
" think five minutes" before answering any question, and that 
John Williams literally followed the advice, taking that time 
for reflection, when asked his name, residence, &c. If this be 
true, it probably did not help his case. At all events he had 
ample time for reflection before the matter was finally dis- 
posed of. From the examination of the case by the General 
Court it appeared that, — 

From the particular time at which these instructions were given, 
that there are just grounds of suspicion that the said John Williams, 
Seth Catlin and Jonathan Ashley are unfriendly to the Independence 
of the United States. 

Therefore Resolved, That the Governor, with the advice of the 
Council be, and he hereby is requested to lay these men under such 
restrictions, as that the Commonwealth receive no injury from them 
or either of them. 

They were accordingly put tinder bonds to appear at the 
Superior Court at Springfield in September, 1781, to answer 
to such matters as may be brought against them " touching 
their conduct in the war with Great Britian." 

To return to Deerfield. March 5th was the annual town 
meeting for the choice of officers. The Tories were in a ma- 
jority and carried things with a high hand. The principal 
offices were all filled with Tories; and, as if in open defiance 
of the Governor and Council, Jonathan Ashley was chosen 
town clerk and also treasurer. In the year 1779, the Tories 
had chosen Justin Hitchcock town clerk. He had acted with 
the Whigs, but, says Mr. Hitchcock, " I had reason to suppose 
they hoped to gain me to their party." He was now dropped 
as a bad investment. 


At an adjourned meeting, March 19th, many of the Tory of- 
ficers resigned and others were chosen in their places, and the 
meeting again adjourned to the 27th. But a new meeting had 
been called for this same, March 19th. The business was: — 

To see if the Town will choose a Delegate or Delegates to meet 
the Delegates from the several towns in the county, in a Convention 
to be holden at the House of Col. Murry in Hatfield on the 27th of 
this month. 

This was to be a Whig Convention and " the Question was 
put to see if the Town will pay any regard to the Article in 
the Warrant & it Pass'' in the Negative," and the meeting 
was dissolved. 

At the adjourned meeting, March 27th, there was a general 
stampede by the Tory officers. Every one resigned, and a 
full set of Whig town officers was chosen. To explain this 
action of the Tories, we shall take another journey to Boston. 
Prominent Whigs of Deerfield had been eye-witnesses to the 
treason of Arnold and the execution of Maj. Andre, a few 
months before. They knew the danger to the cause of liber- 
ty that lay in loyalty to the king, and treason to the vState, 
and they were not disposed to sit quietly under Tory rule. 
The narrow escape at West Point made them vigilant, and 
they appealed to a higher power at the capital, to take a hand 
in the game at Deerfield. The result was a " lone hand " by 
the new partner. On the news reaching Boston of the ram- 
pant conduct of the Tories at our town meeting March 5th, 
the following action was had in the House: — 

Whereas it appears to this court that some part of the inhabitants 
of Deerfield from disaffection to the American cause and from a 
wicked design of affording aid to (rreat Britian in subjugating the 
American States, have upon all occasions embarrassed the execution 
of the Measures of the government for maintaining the Independence 
of America and for the support of this Commonwealth. 

Whereas David Field, Esq., and a number of other Inhabitants of 
said Town well affected to the American Cause of Liberty and vir- 
tue, have by their petitions represented their readiness to comply 
with the requisitions of this Court made ui)on the town of Deerfield, 
and the great difficulties that arise to them, from the conduct of the 
persons afore mentioned, and pray for Relief. 

The relief came on call. An Act was passed that no per- 
son who refuses to take the Oath of Allegiance should be al- 
lowed to vote or hold office ; and the town clerk was author- 
ized to administer the oath. March loth, an order was issued 


by John Hancock, the Governor, that John Williams, Seth 
Catlin and Jonathan Ashley should be confined in Suffolk 
county gaol at Boston. This explains the stampede above 
noted, and this lesson was enough. There was no more trou- 
ble in Deerfield town meetings about voting supplies for the 
Continental army. Every requisition was promptly filled 

April 2d, 1 78 1, was election day. Hancock had every vote 
cast for governor, and there was but one "scattering" vote 
on the Whig ticket for councilors. 

A warrant was duly issued and served for a town meeting, 
May 17th, "to choose a Representative to the General Court 
to be holden the last Wednesday in this month," but of this 
meeting not a scrap of record is found. Meanwhile our towns- 
men languishing in the prison at Boston are making urgent 
appeals for enlargement, as we see below : — - 

To his Excellency John Hancock, Esq., governor of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts and . the Honourable Council of the Com- 
monwealth aforesaid: 

The petition of Seth Catlin, Jona. Ashley and John Williams, all 
of Deerlield in the County of Hampshire, now confined in the com- 
mon gaol in the County of Suffolk, in pursuance of an order of His 
Excellency the governor. Bearing date y'' tenth of March current 

Humbly showeth that your petitioners are separated from their 
families, having left them unexpectedly and in circumstances that 
render them peculiarly ill accommodated, the said Seth Catlin hav- 
ing a wife and six daughters, and one son of 8 years, who almost 
Daily depend on his Daily Earnings for their Support who have no 
Rescoures to Obtain the Shortest Relief but by his Immediate pres- 

The said Jona. Ashley hath a wife and four daughters, the oldest 
of which is but seven years of age, who are in constant need of his 
Personal Attention for their Support and Sustenance, & at present 
totally unfurnished & without any male help, excepting a Servant 
boy about 13 years old — An aged mother, by y'' late death of his 
father, became in a Great Degree Dependant on him & whose mind 
for many years past hath been in Such a Situation as produces on his 
mind the most Alarming Apprehensions lest this Additional Trouble 
hurry her to acts too shocking to express — Besides he has been for 
years, Subject to Disorders which frequently and Allarmingly attack 
him & a Return of which he is in daily apprehension of from the 
want of exercise and a free air most essential to his health — being 
frequently and generally attacked with y*^ Cholic. 

The said Williams hath left a wife and Small children without sup- 
plies of some necessary articles even to this time, without means to 
procure these supplies & without a male person in the family more 
than 8 years old — He hath likewise a slender constitution & small 


share of health at y^ Best — now much impaired & attacked in a De- 
gree & manner ahirming to his Fears without a possibiUty of using 
y"^ proper means for his recovery in his present Situation. 

Also, y'^ care of an Aged Aunt, (Mrs. Silliman,) &: her family, who 
was obliged to abandon her Dwelling at Fairfield, in Connecticut, 
has principally devolved on him. 

Your petitioners for these cS: many other Reasons, Humbly hope 
your Excellency & Honors will prescribe a mode whereby the safety 
of the community may be preserved, & your petitioners be restored 
to their Liberties & Families again — and as in Duty bound will ever 
pray Seth Catlin 

Jna Ashley 
[Boston] Mch 23, 1781 John Williams 

[Endorsed] In Council Mch 24 1781 

Petition not Granted. 

The allusion to Madam Silliman was not a happy one un- 
der the circum.stances and could hardly help his case in an 
appeal for sympathy. She had been driven from Fairfield, 
Conn., when that town was burned by the infamous Gov. Try- 
on and his legion of New York Tories. Mrs. Silliman was 
daughter of the " Redeemed Captive ;" a widow, seventy-one 
years old, when her house at Fairfield was burned by the 
brutal Tryon, July 8th, 1779. After a month more in prison, 
Esq. Ashley sent another petition to the Governor and Coun- 
cil, in which he, — 

Humbly sheweth that your Petitioner is now & hath been for some 
time past in very ill health — That he hath waited some time in the 
Hope his Sickness would abate, or be removed, but on the contrary 
is increasing on him to a degree that renders it (as he apprehends) 
absolutely necessary for the recovery of his health to have a more 
free air and quiet Situation than is possible in his present confine- 

Your petitioner therefore prays your Excellency & Honors to 
grant him the Liberty of the gaol yard & to take the air, & of lodg- 
ing in the gaolers house — Or such other indulgence as to you shall 
seem meet & as in Duty bound will ever pray — Jona Ashley 

Boston April 23 1781 

The same date Thomas Williams, physician, certifies to the 
impaired health of the prisoner and his need of fresh air. 
Upon these representations the Executive directs the Sheriff 
to " grant Jonathan Ashley the liberty of the gaol yard and 
of lodging in the gaolers house, for his better convenience in 
his ill state of Health." Encouraged by the success of Ash- 
ley's effort the three prisoners united in another petition to 
the Governor and Council which, — 


Humbly sheweth that in Addition to the Reasons offered — March 
23, and to the obvious Personal Motives, which again prompt us to 
address you — are urged by the irresistable impulses of sympathy, for 
our unoffending wives and children, whose circumstances, when we 
left them, being peculiarly inconvenient, we fear have now become 
almost intolerable. 

We beg leave further to observe, as we each of us depend upon 
Agriculture for the support of ourselves and families, we cannot re- 
volve m our minds that it is now seed time, & think of our wives & 
children & immediate dependants, without being stung with the most 
anxious Apprehensions of the Consequences of our longer Confine- 
ment to them — which besides prostrating the expectations of our 
harvest — will we fear, overburthen that charity & Humanity of their 
Friends to which we know they must be indebted for a large share 
of the Comforts they enjoy — 

Induced by these and Many other Reasons, and ever willing & 
wishing that the Laws of the Commonwealth may be made the crite- 
rion of our Conduct — We pray that it may consist with these, and 
the safety of our community we may be restored to our Liberty & 
Families again & that Your Excellency & Honors will prescribe a 
mode whereby we may obtain this privilidge. — And as in Duty bound 
will ever pray. John ^VILLIAMS 

Seth Catlin 
Boston April 24 1781 Jona Ashley 


Council Chamber, Boston, April 25, 1781.' 

Advised that the prayer of the petitioners be so far granted, that 
the abovesaid persons now confined in the common gaol in Boston, 
as persons dangerous to this Commonwealth, be admitted to Bail in 
the sum of _^2ooo of the New Currency each, with two sufficient 
Surties, Conditioned that each of them make their personal appear- 
ance at the next Supreni Court of Judicature, Court of Assize and 
General Goal Delivery, to be holden at Springfield — and in the mean 
Time to be on their good Behaviour towards all the good people of 
this Commonwealth & particularly that they will not do or say any 
thing to the Injury of this or the United States, against the Inde- 
pendence thereof, and abide the order of the said Court and not de- 
part without a License, and the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk be 
directed to take bonds accordingly, payable to the Treasurer of the 

By some oversight the papers in this case were not filed in 
the office of the Attorney General and no prosecution was 
made against our townsmen at the vSeptember Court. That 
would doubtless have been the end of the matter but for cer- 
tain action of the town yet to be noticed. 

Esq. Ashley was not a man of robust constitution and the 
turn affairs had now taken gave him a shock from which he 
never rallied. He died within four months after his release. 
Williams also suffered severely in health and the news of his 


condition reaching his brother — a captain in the English army 
— called forth the following letter to Daniel Jones, the broth- 
er-in-law of both. The writer was a lawyer in Keene, N. H., 
when the war broke out, and at once joined the enemy : — 

New York, 26th March 17S2 
Dear Sir I have within these few weeks heard various reports 
from the country respecting my brother Jack which have given me 
great uneasiness an I am at this Time from the Reports in very great 
Doubt whether he is alive and beg you would take the very earliest 
opportunity 'to let me know — 1 am very desirous of having an inter- 
view with you or some other of my friends that I may get a particu- 
lar account of the situation of my relations and Friends in the Coun- 
try — for which purpose 1 would propose that you come to Norwalk 
or any Place opposite the refugee Post, and I make no Doubt but 
you can get a Flag to come to me, or that I can come to you — 1 wish 
you would write me immediately whether you will comply or not, 
and appoint Time and Place that 1 may not be out of the way. if 
you have not an Opportunity of sending directly to me please en- 
close a Letter to the care of Col" Wm Tyng Comm'y of Forage at 
Brooklyn Long Island — 

I have seen your brothers within a few days — they are all very well, 
as are all your l'"riends here — 1 have no particular news to write, so 
conclude with a sincere wish that the above proposal may be com- 
plied with, and with proper Salutations to all relations and acquaint- 
ances Yours Affectionately Elijah Williams 

Daniel Jones was a lawyer at Hinsdale, N. H., and if, as I 
vsuspect, he was son of Col. Elisha Jones of Weston, he had 
five brothers in the Tory contingent of the English army. 

These cases have been given at length as a good illtistra- 
tion of this particular phase of the contest for independence. 
The men involved were not worse, nor better, than their fel- 
lows. They were honorable men, of good character, and of 
good repute ; men who had done good service for the town 
and country. Nothing is heard against them except their 
political opinions and actions. They were Tories on princi- 
ple — men loyal to their King and what they considered the 
best government. They had the courage of their convictions 
and suffered the conseqtiences with what patience they could. 
But the logic of events was against them. They rebelled 
against a revolution, and the power of suppression was right 
at hand, and not three thousand miles over the sea. This was 
a fact they could not ignore — -a barred door in their way. 
The temperature of a hot political zeal will naturally fall 
within the cold walls of a damp dungeon, especially in a case 


like this, when the unwilling conviction was forcing- itself 
upon the martyrs that theirs would soon be a lost cause and 
they without a country. With the fall of Cornwallis soon 
after, this conviction became a certainty. It then behooved 
them to take new bearings and observations — to adapt them- 
selves with the best grace they could to the new conditions. 
They appear to have done this in good faith, and before the 
next March meeting the survivors had taken the oath of al- 
legiance, Avere in peaceful possession of all their rights, and 
henceforth took an active part in the affairs of the town. One 
prime cause of personal contention, the breach in the church, 
was removed by the death of Mr. Ashley, and harmony in 
church and State was soon restored. 

In Greenfield this happy conditicm of affairs had been 
brought about the year before. April 4th, 1780, the church, — 

Voted that it is our Duty to subject ourselves to the Authority of 
the united States of America, So h)ng as Providence shall continue 
us under it 

2 that we will attend upon the Sacrament of the Lords Supper as 
soon as Provision can be made therefor, all being willing to overlook 
the offences that had taken place respecting public and civil affair's. 

Noah Allen seems to have objected to this fraternal meas- 
ure, but the church was bound to have harmony if they had 
to use force for it, and Capt. Timothy Childs and Moses Bas- 
com w6re appointed to "deal with him." Another bone of 
contention may have been compromised by the following- 
vote: "That we will sing ha/f y'^ i\mQ with reading" i.e., 
" deaconing." 

Perhaps the sequel to Mr. Williams's enforced sojourn in 
Boston may as well be told now as ever. May 13th, 1783, in 
the flush of the era of good feeling, he was chosen Represent- 
ative to the General Court. When he appeared to take his 
seat his right to do so was questioned on the ground of his 
Tory antecedents. The subject was referred to a committee 
to investigate the charges brought against him. All the 
facts relating to his arrest and imprisonment were brought 
up, and by a vote of sixty to forty-three he was excluded from 
the House. 

A precept was issued for a new election at Deerfield and a 
meeting for that purpose was held July 31st. It seems the 
people took the exclusion of the man of their choice in high 

748 THE rp:voluti()narv teriod. 

dudgeon and he was forthwith reelected by every vote save 
one that was cast. That vote was doubtless his own. He 
appeared at the next session of the General Court and was 
again declared "a person incapable of being a Representative 
of the Town of Deerfield," and was sent back by a vote of 
seventy-eight to thirty-six. 

The attention of the Attorney General, Robert Treat Paine, 
being called to the case and the facts and papers being laid 
before him, Mr. Williams was indicted for sedition at the 
September term of the Supreme Court at Springfield, 1783. 
He was arraigned before the Supreme Court at Northampton, 
May, 1784. He here pleaded that the offense was committed 
before the»peace with Great Britain and that the provisions 
in the 6th article of the Treaty of Peace covered his case 
and freed him from the complaint. The court so ruling, he 
was discharged. 

The Deerfield people were not content to let the matter 
rest here, and May 12th, 1784, he was a third time chosen 
Representative, by every vote cast, save one. Once more he 
put in an appearance at the State House and his right to a 
seat was again challenged. A copy of the indictment of Sep- 
tember 1783, was presented by the objectors. A committee 
was appointed who were furnished with a copy of the pro 
ceedings of the court of May, 1784. They reported in his 
favor and he finally was allowed to take his seat. 

To return to the narrative. July 23d, 1781, the town voted 
to give those who will enlist three months a bounty of $10 
and the same per month in hard money. Voted to raise ^^33 
for bounty money and ^125 for buying beef required "by a 
Resolve of the Gen. Court June 22, 1781." Sept. 6th, arrange- 
ments were made by the town for furnishing the clothing for 
the army under the last call. Dec. 3d, the Tory committee 
chosen in January to procure beef were now directed to per- 
form that duty, and to deliver the quota called for at North- 
ampton, Dec, loth. This direction was doubtless obeyed. 

Soldiers for the Army. It became more difficult from year 

to year to supply the demand, and large bounties were paid. 

I give a few papers showing something of the methods 

adopted. I have been unable to find more : — 

This may certify Joseph Ward has rec'd of the class of which we 
are members, the sum of 203 Spanish milled dollars in consideration 


of his enlisting as a Continental Soldier for y*^ term of 3 years for 
said class John Sheldon 

Witness James Taylor Mathew Clesson 

Oliver Field. Elihu Ashley 

March 23, 1781. 

This Ward proved a bounty jumper and deserted. Pomp 
Cato says he has received "60 pounds silver," for enlisting 
three years in a class of which Capt. Oliver Shattuck was one. 
Aaron Allis gives a receipt for " 70 pounds silver," from Sim- 
eon Harvey and others of his class. Joseph Farnam had "60 
£ silver coin of the class of which Samuel Barnard is the 
head." Phineas Rugg gave his receipt for " 60 £ silver from 
the class of which Jeremiah Nims was the head, for his son 
Thomas Rugg," [17 years old.] • 

Rec'd of Joseph Stebbins [63 years old,] Fourteen Hundred Eigh- 
ty eight Pound old Continental in Part Pay to hire a man in the ser- 
vice for three years. Received by me Joseph Stebbins Jun. 

The above amount would be $367,120, "Old Continental," 
at the rate it passed in 1780. 

Fourteen men were raised in April, I suppose after the class 
system. Below is a list, with date of enlistment so far as as- 
certained, of those who served that year. 

Enlisted for three years or the war: — 

Allis, Aaron Fletcher, John, Aug. i Shattuck, Capt. Oliver 
Allis, John Fletcher, David, Aug. i Stebbins, Lieut. Col. Jo- 
Bailey, Caesar Harding, Sergt. Abiel seph. In Hugh McClel- 
Buckman, Benj.,July7 Hitchcock, Gains lan's regiment 
Cato, Pomp, May 5 Holmes, Philip Sweet, Joshua, Apr. 16 
Chase, James, Mar. 26 Lewis, Williams, Apr. 9 Taylor, Eliphalet 
Cleaveland, Henry, Aug. Negus, William, Apr. 5 Ward, Joseph, Mar. 23, 

I, deserted Oliver, Peter, June 27 deserted 

Davidson, Barnabas, Apr. Paine, Charles Wells, Solomon 

5 Read, Jesse " Williams, Perez 

Dunkin, Levi, Apr. 5 Rugg, Phineas, Apr. 13 Willis, Jesse, Mar. 22 

Farnam, Joseph, June 19 Russell, Henry, Apr. 25 

Fethergill, Joseph Scott, Ebenezer, Apr. 5 

Enlisted for six months: — 

Faxon, Thomas Johnson, John Newton, Alpheus Jr. 

Hinsdale, John Lanfair, Leonard Smith, Jacob, deserted 

Hunter, John Lawrence, Levi Wells, John 

Serving for unknown terms: — ■ 

Call, Amos Parker, Jonathan Williams, Solomon 

Newton, Alpheus Shattuck, Oliver Wilson, James 

Nims, Jonathan Smith, Titus 

Parker, Abraham Wells, Asahel 


1782. With the capture of Cornwallis, Oct. 19th, 1781, the 
war of Independence was practically over, and only five men 
were called for to recruit the Continental army this spring. 
The struofofle henceforth was to be with financial affairs and 
the establishment of a stable government. All business was 
unsettled. The currency issued to carry on the war had now 
become almost worthless. A large quantity had accumulated 
in the hands of the treasurer, and at the March meeting the 
selectmen were instructed to dispose of it as best they could. 
The bills might sell for a trifle in 1886, as relics, but at the 
close of the war their value was generally measured by the 
price of waste paper. The people had bought and sold by 
this stuff while it was falling from par to five, ten, twenty, 
forty for one, and debt and credit could not find a level with- 
out a disturbing struggle. There was little hard money to 
be had, but taxes must be paid in silver or gold. Creditors 
clamored for their pay and sued for its recovery. The costs 
of collection were heavy. To relieve debtors a law was passed 
authorizing Justices of the Peace to take acknowledgments 
of debts, and if they were not paid within a year to issue 
executions. This was called the "Confession Act." It saved 
the burdensome costs of court, but much injustice grew up 
under its provisions. Soon after, the "Legal Tender Act" 
was passed, which made live stock at a disinterested apprais- 
al, legal tender in payment of all private debts ; and " many a 
debt," says Justin Hitchcock, " which ought to have been paid 
in money was paid at the tail of an execution in pine boards, 
bulls and stags, as they were prised off to the creditor." 

Remedies for the hard times were sought in every direc- 
tion and the " crank " found full occupation — and some fol- 
lowers. A county convention had been called at Hatfield to 
consider the burdens of the people and seek relief ; March 


25th, at a town meeting Col. Joseph Stebbins and Capt. Thos. 
W. Dickinson were chosen delegates to attend it. The dele- 
gates met in the Hatfield meetinghouse early in April, and 
sat for several days discussing and voting upon the various 
"grievances" with which they were afflicted. Everything 
which touched their empty pockets was voted a grievance. 
The Court of General Sessions of the Peace — Justices of the 
Quarter Sessions — the Fee Bill — Sheriffs and their Deputies 
— the act for qualification of voters — even the Confession Act 
was not what it should be — and a committee was chosen to 
suggest changes to the General Court. They, — 

Voted that there be no County Court of the Sessions of the Peace. 

Voted that v*^ Constables be authorized to serve all writs in their 
own Town, the same as Deputy SheriTfs. 

[A motion was made] To request the Inferior Court to forbear 
giving Judgment in civil causes, except the creditor make it appear 
he is in danger of losing his debt, or where the parties are agreed. 

[This vote was taken " by yeas and nays by towns." The result 
is given below:] 

Yeas — Granville, Norwich, Granby, Whately, Montague, Shel- 
burne. Charlemont, Greenwich, Conway, Westfield, Palmer, Pelham, 
Leverett, Ludlow, Ashfield. 

Nays — Springfield, Wilbraham, Deerfield, Monson, Blanford, 
Northampton, Southampton, Hadley, Westhampton, Hatfield, Go- 
shen, Cummington, Williamsburg, South Hadley, Amherst, Sunder- 
land, Shutesbury, Worthington, Chesterfield, Greenfield, Belcher. 

Deerfield stood with the strong conservative element in the 
convention. Col. vStebbins had led a mob in the cause of Lib- 
erty, and had been for six years constantly fighting in the 
field for the same cause, but neither he nor Capt. Dickinson 
had any sympathy with the mob spirit which was willing to 
wreck the new Constitution in seeking an impossible relief 
from financial burdens, by interrupting the execution of the 
laws. The General Court had gone to the very verge of in- 
jUvStice to the creditor in legislation to relieve the debtor and 
could do no more. The stubborn fact remained that hard 
times were upon the people and there was no easy way out. 
Samuel Ely, however, persuaded a sufficient number of suf- 
ferers that stopping the action of the courts was the true 
remedy. They administered it, and Ely in consequence soon 
found himself behind the bars in Springfield jail, where he 
was sent April 3d, as a leader in a riot. 

In strong contrast with the complaints of those who were 


safe at home was the action of our soldiers in the field. The 
condition of the men in the Continental army at this time is 
well portrayed by the following letter, which should properly 
find a place here : — 

New Hampshire Huts Jany 28, 1782. 

Hond Sir. 1 understand there was some ccjnliscated estates sold 
some time last fall in Deerfield, in particular, Nathaniel Dickinsons. 
If father could have an opportunity to put off my next note, I should 
be very glad. 1 understand we are not likely to have them paid by 
the State. 1 think it would be better for me to have a Private mans 
security than the States. If father could [putj it off and git not 
more than one third part of the money down, 1 would willingly wait 
one year for the other, or longer if it be in gtjod hands, it will not 
do for me to sell the Note to them — 1 may give them a Power of at- 
torney to act for me in regard to the payment of the Note for it will 
not be assured (?) unless it is certified that the note is still my prop- 
erty, and that I am in actual Service. 

We have been bamboozled Baffled so much by the State, that we 
are detirmed not to take Stale for Pay master any longer & have 
chosen a Committee to send to Congress & make a Settlement for 
wages for the year 1781 who sit out this week. As we are employed 
by Congress we have an undoubted right to look to them for our 
pay — I do not know that the State has a right to loan our money for 
four, five, six and seven years as they have done, without our consent. 

I am sensible that the State labors under great embarrisments, 
much more than the common people know and neither do they ought 
to know it. 

The whole army is very sensable that the State is by no means 
able to pay our wages as fast as they become due — If they would pay 
so much as to Support us, while in the service, and give us good se- 
curity for the remainder I am very sensable it would be satisfactory 
to the army — only one fourth part would sufflce, as the army would 
be willing to submit to any Embaresment from that Quarter if the 
State would only act the honest part. I have ever tride to put on 
the Best construction on the conduct that I possibly could, but it is 
my sincere oppinion that the State as a Body wish to wrong the 
army out of every farthing that is due them. 

We have been under marching orders about fifteen days, but did 
not know which way were to march until yesterday I understand it 
was on account of the Rebellion, and disturbance which hath lately 
happened on the Grant in consequence of which Gen' W^ashington 
requested Gen' Heath to order 2'^ Connecticut Brigade and the 10 
Massatts Regt to hold themselves in readiness to march at the short- 
est notis to Albany. If there [is] no further disturbance it is not 
likely we shall march Otherwise we shall. 

from your dutiful son O. Taylor 

Capt Othn' Taylor Charlemont. 

The "marching orders" referred to were doubtless given 
in consequence of an address to Congress from the "Yorkers" 


in Vermont, dated Jan. 8th, 1782, representing- that the " Ver- 
monters" were abusing them and intriguing to deliver the 
"Hampshire Grants" over to Great Britain. Neither Wash- 
ington, nor Congress, nor the Yorkers themselves, knew the 
underlying facts in the case until the cessation of hostilities. 
Then appeared the consummate skill which had hoodwinked 
the English ministry, saved Vermont from invasion, and 
built up an independent vState. 

If Capt. Taylor was a representative man, the broad pa- 
triotism of the Massachusetts loth, under their privations and 
hardships, the sting of injustice, and the loss of faith in their 
native State, is something to wonder at and admire. And the 
genius of a commander who, with such a state of affairs as 
this letter shows, could conquer a peace with Great Britain, 
seems almost superhuman. 

The events I am about to narrate did not occur on the ter- 
ritory of Deerfield, but our people had part in them and they 
illustrate our social history in this dark period of apparent 
injustice and real hardship — a period marked by a false ex- 
pectation of prompt relief from the new government, and the 
general demoralization usually attendant on a long war. On 
this occasion Deerfield took a stand on the side of law and 
order — albeit her military efforts came to an inglorious end 
— as she also did in the Shays Rebellion, of which this was 
but a premonitory symptom. 

June 1 2th, about half-past eight in the morning, a hundred 
men in military array marched through Northampton for 
Springfield, " with great steadiness and in good order," al- 
though going to execute mob law, and release Samuel Ely. 
Some two hours later fifty law and order men left Northamp- 
ton for Springfield. Part arrived before the mob and tried 
to get some cannon from the park to defend the prison ; but 
before this could be done the doors were broken down and 
Ely was set free. The rescuers then turned and marched 
northward in, some mounted and some on foot. 

Half an hour later Sheriff Elisha Porter of Hadley appeared 
on the ground. He took in the situation at a glance, rallied 
a force and sent it under Col. Burt in pursuit of the mob; 
then crossed the Connecticut and made haste to secure all 
the boats on the river to prevent the mob from passing west- 


ward. This he did as high up as Hadley, and was thus able 
also to cross himself at his pleasure. 

June 13th, the news reached Porter in the morning that 
Burt had overtaken the mob at South Hadley, where, after a 
smart skirmish in which nothing was accomplished, both par- 
ties had camped for the night. Porter at once rallied a force, 
crossed the river to Hadley and picking up such aid as he 
could, took post at the south end of Hadley street. The mob, 
finding no boats on the river and Porter in their front, turned 
off towards Amherst. Porter then sent Capt. Allen by a 
cross way to intercept them, while he slowly followed in their 
rear. Allen struck them on the flank and got between their 
horse and foot. There was some lively work and hard blows, 
and "Sol. Clapp had his head broken" by a clubbed musket, 
when a parley was called. Ely and a few others had escaped. 
The parties were now formed in two lines in the road facing 
each other and within bayonet reach. To prevent bloodshed 
a committee of five on each side was chosen, and after a short 
consultation the mob agreed to march to Northampton with 
Porter, that all might be sheltered from the pouring rain 
while negotiations were pending, but in no sense as his pris- 
oners. Porter promising to leave them in as good a position 
for defense as they then were, in case of failure to agree. 
The account of this affair given by Holland in his Western 
Massachusetts, vol. i, p. 231, is glaringly erroneous in almost 
every particular, and he does gross injustice to Col. Porter, 
whose firmness sustained the law, and whose prudence alone 
saved disastrous bloodshed. The present sketch is written 
from letters penned upon the spot by reliable men, while the 
events were transpiring. 

This joint committee, after considerable conference, came 
to an agreement — that both parties should unite in a petition 
to the General Court for some action to abate the grievances 
complained of — that Ely should be given up and that three 
hostages be given for his return. Capt. Abel DinvSmore of 
Conway, Lieut. Perez Bardwell and Paul King were selected 
as hostages. Lieut. Bardwell, a Revolutionary soldier, lived 
near the south bounds of Deerfield — it is not certain on which 
side the line he lived at this time. The hostages and Porter 
now did what they could to secure Ely, but without success. 
It was soon winged abroad that the terms of the parley had 


been broken and the leaders of the mob arrested and con. 
fined, and in consequence there was great excitement among 
the people, who began to gather about Northampton. Be- 
fore nightfall a crowd had collected who swore they would 
burn the town unless the hostages were given up. This mob 
does not seem to have been organized and nothing else was 
done. A strong guard garrisoned the jail night and day. 

June 14th, the mob increased ; the demand and threat were 
repeated. At eleven o'clock the demonstrations were so 
strong that Porter caused the alarm to be " fired and rung," 
and he sent out expresses to the towns about for help. Ef- 
forts to find Ely were unsuccessful. Porter was firm and 
would not give up the hostages. The Patriot Hawley says 
the Tories are doing what they can to foment the trouble, 
and that the hostages or Ely must be held at all hazards, or 
it will be "a triumph to the Tories and Great Britain." He 
says the condition of affairs is most ticklish and dangerous, 
and that the " Tories have great expectations from the view 
and prospect of them." The mob soon rose to the dignity of 
"insurgents." Hawley writes, June 14th, "The Insurgents 
are our equals, our aquaintances, our Brothers," we could 
fight them if they were " our common enemy," but " to meet 
an enemy who are determined to fight and may not be re- 
sisted unto bloodshed and death is a case extremely singu- 
lar," but we are "absolutely in a state of war." Seventy men 
are paraded at Hatfield and others coming in to join them. 
Meanwhile the Sheriff's posse is increasing and the jail is 
strongly guarded. 

When Porter's appeal for help reached Deerfield Col. Joseph 
Stebbins, who had himself been the leader of one mob, and a 
witness to others, and who well knew their dangerous ten- 
dency, forthwith rallied a party and marched for the scene of 
disturbance. He was not notified of the disposition of the in- 
surgent force, and in marching through Hatfield found him- 
self in their very midst and was captured with his whole 
party. He found there a well organized body of six hundred 
men under the command of Reuben Dickinson of Amherst, 
a man who had done good work in the Continental service. 
"Uncle Sid" was one of the captured party and used to en- 
tertain his cronies in " Dr. Charles' Senate chamber " with a 
graphic account of this affair. But alas ! there was no " chiel 
amang 'em takin' notes." 


The people had been made to believe that the three lead- 
ers of the mob of the 12th had been confined through a gross 
breach of faith on the part of Porter — that their own rights 
were being arbitrarily trampled upon under color of law, and 
they seem to have been fixed in the determination to vindi- 
cate the people and release the prisoners. The Tories edged 
the matter on, meanwhile laughing in their sleeves. 

All negotiations having failed, on the afternoon of June 
i6th, Capt. Dickinson with his six hundred men left Hatfield 
for Northampton, while other parties approached from dif- 
ferent quarters. About three o'clock a message from Dickin- 
son reached Porter proposing a conference by a committee of 
three from each side, who were to meet one mile from the 
town. Nothing came of this meeting. The insurgents de- 
manded the release of the hostages, or, as some declared, 
" Northampton people should sleep in Huts that night, that 
300 men of their body were fully determined on that." Por- 
ter told them that "in that case they must expect to sleep in 
\^q\x graves y 

About six o'clock Dickinson sent word to Porter that he 
was within half a mile of the jail, and unless the hostages and 
all papers received as security were given up within half an 
hour an attack would be made. Porter replied that he was 
willing to enter into a reasonable treaty, but he would not ac- 
cede to that demand, adding," It is my earnest desire to have 
peace, and it is in your power to prevent bloodshed." About 
dark. Porter, who had four hundred men posted about the 
jail, was joined by Gen. Parks, with one hundred and fifty 
more, just as the insurgents had reached the point of attack. 
Porter now felt sure that he could hold the jail, but l)eing 
anxious to avoid bloodshed called out to have Dickinson meet 
him between the lines. They met, and Capt. Dickinson was 
persuaded to go into the prison and see the hostages — the 
bone of the contention. vSome others of his side joined him. 
They found they had been deceived by false reports, and that 
the hostages had been treated in accordance with the agree- 
ment. Dinsmore, Bardwell and King united in advising 
Dickinson to stop proceedings for their release. The upshot 
was that the insurgents agreed to give up Ely, and Porter the 
hostages, and the matter was .settled on that basis. During 
the night, however, there was an alarm in Northampton ; sig- 


nal fires were discovered on the hill-tops and a new gathering- 
was feared. Ely was given up — the people had found him 
out — and the worthless fellow was taken to a prison in Bos- 
ton. We have seen what a crank or a demagogue may do in 
a time of public distress, and I have no desire to follow his 
fortunes further. 

July 2d, 1782, the Legislature voted to send a committee to 
Hampshire county to investigate the cause of the trouble, 
with power to grant amnesty to all offenders except Ely. On 
the 5th, this committee was made up of Samuel Adams from 
the Senate, and Artemus Ward and the speaker, Nathaniel 
Gorham, from the House. The committee repaired to Con- 
way, then one of the largest towns in the county, and the 
home of Capt. Abel Dinsmore, the probable leader of the 
mob which released Samuel Ely. Samuel Adams, the "man 
of the town meeting," met the people of Conway in town 
meeting assembled, but they refused to act upon the matter 
in hand separately from the rest of the county. July 29th, 
delegates from thirteen towns in the north part of the county 
met the committee at Conway. The following paper in the 
handwriting of Capt. Jonas Locke, who may have been sec- 
retary of the meeting, gives the one result of the conference: — 

At the Request of a Number of Persons from 13 'I'owns in the 
Northerly part of y" County of Hampsher assembled at Conway y" 
29th Instant — in Consequence of the Hon" Committee sent by the 
Cren" Court of this Commonwealth to examine and heal the Unapi- 
nesses arising in this County — Inhere fore s^' Assembly thought it 
Expedient to send Circular letters Requesting y'= s'' County to meet 
by their Delegates in a County Convention on Wednsday y*^ 7th of 
August next, at Coll Murrys in Hatfield at 9 o'clock in the morning 
of said day whar the Hon" Committay above s** will attend s'' Con- 
vention Jonas Locke — p"" Order 

Deerfield 30 July 17 82 

At a town meeting here, Aug. 6th, the following delegates 
to this convention w^ere chosen: Elihu Field, Capt. Thomas 
Wells and Capt. Jonas Locke. They were instructed: — 

To inform the Convention when met, that it is the wish of their 
Constituents, in order to promote equal Justice throughout the Com- 
monwealth — 

That the 'I'reasurer of the Commonwealth may be directed by the 
Honorable, the Gen. Court, to Credit each Town for the sums re- 
ceived by him for Taxes in Paper Currency, the Fa/ue only of such 
money at the time of Payment, according to the Rules Established 
by Law for the Adjustment of Accounts between Individuals. 


This was the only "grievance" Deerfield had to present to 
the convention. Other towns had a plenty to offer. A string 
of fourteen resolutions was passed asking for more equal tax- 
ation, fewer civil officers, more economy in the administration 
of affairs, &c., and indemnity for all engaged in the late dis- 
turbance except Samuel Ely. Having thus relieved their 
minds, they took breath and then declared themselves loyal 
to the State, and determined to stand by Congress until the 
country was free. 

The mission of Samuel Adams and his committee was a 
success, and Oct. 2d, the Senate: — 

Resolved that this Court highly approve the I'roceedings of that 
Committee for their indefatigable, and successful endeavours in so 
great a degree quieting the disturbances that liad arisen in that 

Salah Barnard, David Saxton and John Bardwell, commis- 
sioners to settle the estates of Elijah Williams, Moses Taylor, 
James Oliver, and Nathaniel Dickinson, absentees, settled 
their account to the satisfaction of the government, Oct. 21st, 

The following bill is worth preserving from its relation to 
finance, labor and supplies: — 

Marv Carkv Dr 

March 7 1782 

To coiourintj i gown 



• • i> 

To Bascom Dressing Ditto 



*l (4 

To Cash 7 Dollars Continental 


April 13 

To Cash paid for Ruin 


" 28 

To Cash paid for snuff 


To Cash paid for Rum 16 Dollars Contl 



May 17— 

To Cash paid yrself tt to SamI Field 81 

Dollars Coni'l 




To cash on Silver 


July 13—1782 

To Ditto 


Nov II— 1780 

To Cash 4 s. 10 



I 8 6 
May 7 — 1781 — By 7 weeks work at 21 s. — Contl 

Close of tJic War. The loss of Cornwallis and his army at 
Yorktown so strengthened the Whigs in the English Parlia- 
ment that on the 4th of March, 1782, they carried a resolution 
through the House against a further prosecution of the war 
in America, and beyond a little skirmishing in Georgia and 
South Carolina, where the last blood was shed in August, 
1782, no hostile movements were made or attempted on either 
side after this date. 

THE END. 759 

April 19th, 1782, Holland acknowledged our Independence. 

Nov. 30th, Provisional Articles of Peace were signed at 

January 20th, 1783, England and the United States made a 
treaty for the cessation of hostilities. 

March 24th, news was received through Lafayette of a gen- 
eral peace in Europe. 

April 19th, just eight years from the first bloodshed at 
Lexington, a general peace was proclaimed to the army by 

The final and definite Treaty between England and the 
New Nation was not signed until Sept. 3d, 1783. 



When the burden of active hostilities was lifted and our 
townsmen were able to give more attention to municipal af- 
fairs, the subject of highways became a prominent one. In 
March, 1782, anew road was laid across Deerfield river to 
New Fort. In December the town voted that it had " no ob- 
jections to a County Road being laid from Old Fort North 
Gate, back of Old Fort, Carters Land, across Pettys Plain to 
David Smeads Esq in Greenfield." Upon further delibera- 
tion and consultation this vote was reconsidered at an ad- 
journed meeting. 

The question was which was the better route to Greenfield 
Meadows — the most important part of that town — whether 
across North Meadows, by the Pine Hill ferry and through 
Green River street— or by the ford at Old Fort, through Lit- 
tle Hope and across Petty 's Plain. To test the distance to 
the objective point — the Green river bridge on the Colrain 
road — Joseph Stebbins and David Saxton were chosen a com- 
mittee " to measure the Road from Deerfield Meetinghouse 
by the Ferry to Greenfield Bridge, and from said Bridge 
across Pettys Plain back of Carters Land & Old Fort to said 
house." The committee reported the distance by the ferry 
to be "3 miles 14 Tallies & 6 Rods." By Old Fort "3 
Miles 15 Tallies & 7^ rods.' David Saxton was chosen an 
agent to represent the town in the matter at the next Court 
of Quarter Sessions. It will doubtless be a surprise to the 
present generation in both towns to learn that this question 
was ever raised. A road was laid through Cheapside on the 
east side of David Wells's land on condition that Wells, or 
Jonathan Hoyt, would pay half the expense. Another road 
was laid^" from the County Road leading from Deerfield to 
Conway, to the Seven Mile Line." Did the county road to 


Conway go from Old Fort through South Wisdom across 
Foot's ferry and through Hoosac ? and was the new road one 
leading from that to the Old World? 

Another road was one "beginning at the Seven Mile Line 
where the Old Charlemont Road crosses said Line, thence 
running to said Charlemont road." Still another road ran 
" from the County road leading from Hatfield to Deerfield, to 
the County Road leading from Deerfield to Conway." 

There was a meeting to see about building a new school- 
house in the Town Street and general legislation concerning 
the school there and in the outlying districts. Provision was 
made for preaching at Bloody Brook and the ^^14 appropriat- 
ed was paid to the afterwards famous Dr. Timothy Dwight for 
preaching there. 

It is curious to note the little interest taken in the general 
elections. In 1782 the whole vote for governor was fourteen, 
all for John Hancock, and thirteen for Thomas Cushing for 
lieutenant governor. In 1 783 the party feeling must have run 
high. The result showed equal activity on both sides. The 
total vote was eigJit : Hancock had four, four were cast for 
Nathaniel Gorham, the same who came up on the Legislative 
committee with Samuel Adams the year before. He also had 
two votes for lieutenant governor, while Cushing had six. 

Monday, Sept. 20th, 1783, a convention composed of com- 
mittees from the towns in the northern part of the county 
met here at the tavern of David Saxton. The delegates from 
Deerfield were Capt. Abner Mitchell, and Dr. Ebenezer Bar- 
nard. The object of the convention was to " take into ac- 
count the deplorable condition of the people, and the more 
deplorable condition they are soon likely to be in, by reason 
of the great vScarcity of a circulating medium." The dele- 
gates aired the hardship of being obliged to go so far as 
Springfield to attend the Courts of Justice, the offices of the 
Treasurer and the Registry of Deeds. The Probate Court 
and records were at Northampton, and they wanted the other 
courts held there too, as a more central situation, or, that the 
county might be divided. The convention judged it best to 
call together delegates from all the towns in the county, to 
take this and other matters into consideration, and mean- 
while they enjoined industry and frugality as the most hope- 
ful means of relief. The delegates were to meet at the house 


of Col. vSeth Murray in Hatfield, October 20th. Oct. 15th, 
Deerfield chose Simeon Harvey a delegate to this convention 
and voted to pay his expenses. No report of the meeting has 
been found. 

The question of the division of Hampshire County was 
•much agitated in this formative period. Agents of the towns 
in the north part met at the tavern of David Hoyt in Deer- 
field, Sept. 2d, 1785, to petition the Legislature for a division 
of the county. Samuel Field and David Saxton represented 
this town. The meeting was probably called by those inter- 
ested in the petition of James Ball and others, asking that a 
new count}^ be erected from certain towns in Hampshire and 
Worcester counties. Deerfield was opposed to this particular 
scheme and chose John Williams and Samuel Barnard to lay 
their reasons before the General Court. 

Nothing came of the Ball movement, but another was soon 
afoot. A convention of the northern towns was called to 
meet Jan. 29th, 1787, at the house of John Burdick in vShel- 
burne, to consider the matter. Jona. Arms was Deerfield's 

It was probably one result of this agitation that in 1787 a 
Registry of Deeds for Northern Hampshire was established 
at Deerfield and John Williams made Register. The office 
was continued here until Franklin county was established in 
1 81 2. The records of this period are now in the Registry at 
Greenfield and it may interest searchers to know that some 
deeds given a century and a half ago may be found recorded 
upon its books for the first time. John Williams was Regis- 
ter 1787-1796; Elijah Williams, 1 797-1 80 1 ; Epaphras Hoyt, 
1 802- 1 8 14, when he resigned. 

In the election for Register in 1787 John Williams had the 
unanimous vote of Deerfield. Dec. 3d, 1791, the town chose 
David Saxton and Samuel Field a committee to meet com- 
mittees from the other northern towns, at the house of Beriah 
Willard in Greenfield, Dec. 27th, to consider the subject of a 
petition to the General Court for a division of the county. 

The General Court vSo far considered the propriety of a di- 
vision as to send a committee of that body to make an exam- 
ination with reference to it. Dec. 3d, 1793, Deerfield chose 
John Williams her agent to meet this committee. But the 
end was not yet. Another meeting to consider the subject 


was held at the house of Calvin Munn at Greenfield, Dec. 17th, 
1804, and a convention of the agents of the interested towns 
met in Greenfield four weeks later. This agitation was con- 
tinued until the times were ripe, and Franklin county in- 
corporated, June 24th, 181 1. 

Shays Rebellion. As it has been said, the war left Deerfield 
people in a deplorable condition financially ; but socially and 
politically the clouds passed away with the smoke of the con- 
flict. Whig and Tory put their necks to the collar to pull 
through as best they might. It was uphill work, but they 
manfully maintained the Constitution and the laws. The 
demagogism of the Shays excitement did not carry them 
away; on the contrary, they took an active part in putting it 

The Court of Common Pleas had been broken up by the 
mob at Northampton in August, 1786. The Supreme Court 
was to be held in Springfield in September, and the govern- 
ment called out the friends of law and order to protect it ; 
Deerfield responded. Dea. Justin Hitchcock, in his " Re- 
marks and Observations," says: — 

I went with a company from Deerfield, above forty, well armed. 
The mob turned out at the same time, and we frequently passed 
them, or they us, on the road, but was no dispute. We marched to 
Springfield in about 24 hours, and passed by the mob stationed on 
the west side of the road above P'erry lane. When we came to the 
Court House we found it well guarded by friends of the government 
who were well armed and had two pieces of artillery. The court 
was setting but could do no business amid the noise and confusion. 
The mob were numerous and as they marched by us, by agreement 
I counted the sections and allowing 8 men to a section 1 made them 
from 1200 to 1300. Others did the same. Daniel Shays was at their 
head. About 300 in front were artned — the rest were not — or not 
generally so. The court adjourned A. M. We had no further busi- 
ness. A sort of agreement was entered into with the mob by which 
we all returned home in peace. 

Joseph Stebbins, Samuel Childs and Thomas W. Dickinson 
each had command of a company under General vShepherd, 
when the insurgents finally came to grief at Springfield, Jan- 
uary 26th, 1787. More than a hundred men went from Deer- 
field. The government troops were occasionally here, in 
their marches, and an old billeting roll shows that nearly a 
thousand men spent one day and night here, quartered on the 
householders. John Williams entertained ninety-five, Joseph 


Stebbins ninety-three, Salah Barnard eighty-four, Joseph Bar- 
nard sixty-five, T. W. Dickinson sixty, John Bardwell fifty- 
eight, Seth Catlin fifty-two, Simeon Harvey forty-nine, Han- 
nah Russell forty-four, Aaron Arms forty-four, Amasa Smith 
forty-two, and the others lesser numbers. 

The following bill shows the kind of ammunition used in 
quelling the rebellion: — 

Selectmen of Deerfield to Aaron Marsh Dr 
1787 Jany 5th To 22 lbs of Powder (g) 2s 4d pr lb £2114 
To 42 sheets paper for Cartridges 2 8 
Feb 5 to 47 gills N. E. Rum De'd Capt Dick- 
ins Company pr verbal order 5 o 
Feb (> to 2^2 bushells of wheat at 4s 6d 15 9 
[This line was erased but the figures stand] 
" 7th to 48 gills N. K. Rum De'd as above 5 o 
" 23 To 3 Galls W. I. Rum De'd Lc Catlin 15 o 

4 14 

Omitted Jany iS To pd Jona Iloyt for himself sleigh and 
horse to Cary Troops to Springfield 

We may fairly infer from the above that Capt. Dickinson 
had forty-seven or forty-eight men in his company. They 
were not disbanded on their return as appears from the fact, 
that in February, 1787, David Dickinson furnished Dickin- 
son's company with 25^ pounds bread, 12^ pounds salt pork ; 
Zadock Hawks 12 pounds do., and Eliphalet Dickinson 6A do., 
and Amasa Smith 4^ pounds of bread ; as appears per bill. 

After their dispersion at Springfield many of the misguid- 
ed men, accepting the offer of amnesty, came in and gave up 
their arms, but, as appears by the following, not fast enough 
to suit the fiery Maj. Catlin, now a firm supporter of the gov- 
ernment: — 

Deekfikm), Feb. 20, 1787. 
Sir I must insist that you exert yourself to the utmost that the 
Insuro^ents in your part of the County who have not ah'eady given up 
their Arms, and taken the Oath of Allegiance to this Commonwealth, 
do attend on me, at Reuben Wells, in ("rreenfield, on Thursday next 
at ten o'clock Fornoon for that purpose. Let them know that now 
is the Day of Grace — and it may be soon over. 

I am Sir Your Humble Servant Seth 
Lt. James Stewart. 

Stewart was of Colrain, where there had been general sym- 
pathy with the insurgents. A large nimiber gave up their 
arms, which were placed in charge of Col. Joseph Stebbins. 
Some of them were put to use by the government, as appears 
by Shepherd's order below : — 


Northampton Mch 3 1788 
Dear Sir You will please firnish Lieut Hoit with twenty five 
arms from the arms the Insurgents lodged with you 

By order of Gen Shepherd 
Col Stebbins Abel Whitney, A. U. C. 

Rec'd March 4th 17S7 of Lt Colo J. Stebbins twenty five arms. 

Daviu Hoit Jun 

These arms were eventually restored to the owners. On 
some scraps of paper I find the names of sixty-nine of those 
who gave Col. Stebbins their receipts for their guns. I rec- 
ognize none of these as inhabitants of Deerfield. 

A Last Faint Echo of the JJ^ar. Sometime after the war 
about thirty of the leading Tories of the Connecticut valley 
sent a petition to Lord Dorchester, modestly asking the grant 
of thirty townships of land south of the St. Lawrence and 
adjoining the Vermont line, each to be six miles square. This 
v/as to be in consideration of their former sufferings and their 
present persectitions. Col. Williain Page and Dr. Lsaac 
Moseley were sent to Canada to forward this movement. John 
Williams, Seth Catlin and Sainuel Field were the Deerfield 
representatives in the association, and Williams and Col. 
Eleazer Fitch were its active home agents. The result of 
these operations is not found. It was probably a purely 
financial specttlation. 

• A letter written in 1787 speaks of the hardships of the debt- 
or class. The writer sa^^s a great deal of property is sold at 
auction on execution, at a very low price, that the men of 
means are improving the opportunity ot increasing their 
store, while the poor are in a sad strait. No reason is known 
why the hardships following the war did not press as heavily 
upon this town as upon others. But our people appear to 
have had no fellowship with those who were seeking a rem- 
edy in an impossible way and at the risk of losing the benefits 
of their dearly bought Independence. The town taxed itself 
to pay off at once all the war debt — preferring to carry its 
own burdens rather than impose them upon their children. 
They thus left us the legacy of a good example, instead of 
a public debt. I do not recall having in any instance seen 
the statement, except the one here given, that tobacco was tak- 
en by the Government in payment of Taxes. It indicates that 
the weed was cultivated to a considerable extent at this time. 


This paper also shows that John Williams had recovered his 
standing with the State government as he had years before 
with his fellow townsmen. He was now as loyal to the new 
Commonwealth as he had been to George III. 

To Richard Uevens, Commissary Ceneral. 

Dkerfi]:ll) J any 5, 1788. 
Sir Having some time since seen by an advertisment of Mr Shep- 
hard that he was ordered to dispose of the Public Property in his hand 
rec'd for Taxes, and having rec'd no Order on the Subject myself, 
induces me to suppose that a Return made by me some time past 
has not been received. Wherefore 1 send to give the enclosed, be- 
ing an accont of all 1 have received in conse(}uence of your ap- 
pointment praying you if the other accont hath not been received, 
to make this acceptable & thereby oblige S'" 

Your Very Humble Servt John Williams 

An accont of specifick Articles received by your Orders at Deer- 
field in discharge of Specie Taxes, granted previous to the year 1784 
persuant to an appointment of Ricard Devens Esq C. G. 

1787. Mch II Rec'd of Jenijah Thayer 456 lbs of Tobacco 
at 35s prct 
Gave three Setts of Rec'ts for 37s iid each 5 13 9 

April 20 Rec'd of Daniel Wells Collector of Green- 
field 623 bush of Indian Corn @ 3s 100 
Oct 16 Rec'd of David Hoyt Jr 346 lbs of Tobacco 

at 25s per ct 466 

Rec'd of Same 90 lbs of do @ 25s i 2 6 

£12 2 9 

A true Ac't Errors Exceptetl. 
Deerfield Jany 4 1788. John Williams, 

N. B, The Tobacco is on hand J. W. 

[Williams writes again March 3d, 1788]: — 

Sir Capt Locke the Bearer herof has in his Custody some C-overn- 
ment Securities which were given originally to him is: wishes to avail 
himself of some Tobacco the property of the state therwith. I be- 
ing in doubt whether 1 was authorized by the Act to sell it, have 
consented that he shall take it on to you, wishing that he may avail 
himself of the Tobacco, at the price at which ("rovernment received 
it if practicable, the quantity I find is 767 lbs it being the whole of 
what I have received after a deduction occasioned by the weight be- 
ing diminished & some part being lost by means of it being wet. 

1 have rec'd nothing else for Taxes but 623 bushels of Indian Corn, 
which I have disposed off & am ready to account for I am S"" with 
Esteem y"" Humble Ser' John Williams 

Dec. 3d, 1787, vSamiiel Field was chosen delegate to the 
vState Convention at Boston, the second Wednesday in Janu- 
ary, 1789, called to ratify the United vStates Constitution. 
The militia being reorganized under the State Constitution, 
Joseph Stebbins, Jr., was commissioned May 22d, 1788, colo- 


nel of the 2d Regiment, 2d Brigade, 4th Division; David Hoyt 
commissioned captain, Ithamar Burt, lieutenant, and Seth 
Nims, ensign, June 9th. Dec. i8th, 1788, the town voted to 
raise money to arm and equip such men as the selectmen 
think unable to procure the same. May 25th, 1789, commis- 
sions were given to Capt. Abner Cooley, Lieut. William Try- 
on and Ensign Elijah Arms, as officers of a company at 
Bloody Brook. 

In March, 1789, there was great excitement in town on the 
breaking up of a gang of counterfeiters, whose operations 
had caused much disturbance in the circulating medium. 
Fourteen men were arraigned before Esq. John Williams and 
Esq. [Elisha?] Porter; all were bound over to the Supreme 
Judicial Court. It appears from notes of the testimony that 
they were engaged in counterfeiting vSpanish milled dollars. 
The center of operations seems to have been at "Goff's Mill." 
Another place was on an island in Deerfield river, near Con- 
way, where the rushing waters drowned the noise of their 
stamp mill. "A man in Greenfield " offered, according to the 
evidence, "to make $1000 for 500 good ones." The accused 
testified freely against each other, and one is surprised to 
find them alternately in the witness stand and at the criminal 
bar. It would seem that most of the men had been victims 
of a set of sharpers, who would sell them a base metal and 
receipts for "transmuting copper into silver" and "Silver 
into gold." Sometimes they would offer to prove the virtue 
of these receipts by experiment. The invariable result was, 
that after melting a lot of good dollars, they would disappear 
with the crucible. The accused were doubtless a set of weak, 
ignorant men, and judging from the operations of the "green 
goods" men of to-day that class did not become extinct at 
their death. Julius AUis, who was somehow mixed up in 
this affair was set off to Conway by an act of the General 
Court in 1791. 

March 27th, 1793, there was an article in the warrant for 
the March meeting, — " To see if the Town will allow any hos- 
pital for Small Pox in Town." Voted "No. * * * Neverthe- 
less considering that the Small Pox is already in the house of 
Jona. Hoit 2d, voted that he may have liberty to inoculate his 
children in his own house and no others." 

This exception shows the belief of the voters in the effica- 


cy of the act, and it is difficult to understand the prejudice 
which forbade others the benefit of it. 

Hoyt lived in Wisdom, and, although we find no evidence 
on record to that effect, his house may have become a pest 
house. Some years later, Lieut. JOvSeph Barnard " died of 
small pox at the pest house in Wisdom." 

In 1/94, the town voted to make a plan of the town agree- 
able to the Resolve of the General Court passed June 26th, 

March Lst, 1795. The town voted that "if Col. Stcbbins 
will erect a grist mill in the South Meadow * * * Said 
mill shall be tax free so long as water runs and grass grows." 
A mill was built soon after, which became and continued for 
many years a famous and popular one. Following this period 
came the palmy days of Deerfield in stall-feeding cattle for 
the Boston and New York markets, and between the hurry- 
ing and groaning stones of this mill, passed nearly all the 
cereal products of Deerfield Meadows, in the form of " prov- 
ender" with which they were fattened. Provender in those 
days meant a mixture of Indian corn, and " peas-an-oats " usu- 
ally about half-and-half. This mill was burned August 19th, 
1838, but it was rebuilt at once. It was finally destroyed by 

Around the water power developed by Stcbbins, Mill vil- 
lage grew up, and active industries centered there. I name 
some as memory .serves me; saw mill, carding mill, fulling 
mill, shingle mill, clothiers works, lead pipe works, dye works, 
machine shop, blacksmith shop. 

The Coinimvi Field. As we have seen, the affairs of the 
Common Field were at first under the direction of the town. 
About 1 7 19 those owning lands on the Meadows organized 
under some general law as the " Proprietors of the Common 
Field in Deerfield." A parchment covered book in Memori- 
al Hall, contains a record of the doings of this body, and its 
successors for one hundred and twenty-five years. The first 
entry is dated March 14th, 1733-4, the last Nov. 5th, 1858. 
The Proprietors had power to raise money by taxation for 
incidental expenses and to compel each land owner to keep 
up his proportion of the encircling fence which was assigned 
him by the Proprietors. In 1734 the ratio was "fifteen feet 
& two Inches & one quarter of an Inch pr acre to every lot of 


which part is tinder Improvement." The rate varied sligfhtly 
from time to time as the amount of territory enclosed varied. 
At first only the meadows east of the Pocumtuck river were 
enclosed ; this required a fence of four miles, one hundred 
and ninety-two rods and twenty -five feet, in addition to one- 
half the west fence of the home lots at the Street and Wap- 
ping — about one mile more. This fence began on Green 
river just above the lower bridge and ended at vStillwater. 
To enclose the Wisdom meadows required five miles and 
thirty-eight rods more. Every owner was obliged under a 
penalty, to put up a stone with his initials at the north end of 
his string of fence, that it might be easily identified ; and he 
was held responsible for any damage to crops incurred 
through his neglect. 

This cumbersome method of protecting the meadows con- 
tinued until the corporation was reorganized by a special 
act of the legislature passed Nov. 30th, 1785, under the style 
of the " Proprietors of the Common & General Field in the 
Town of Deerfield." The Proprietors assumed the ownership 
of all the fence and ever after supported it by a money tax 
on the land owners. The power to do this they seem to have 
lacked before. They now had sole control of all general mat- 
ters pertaining to the Common Field. From the first the 
corporation met, under a regular warrant, at the meeting- 
house, and in its later years in the Town House. They had 
a regular organization, with a clerk, assessors, collectors, and 
necessary agents. They raised money by legal taxation, ac- 
cording to valuation, bought supplies of fencing stuff and 
fixed its price and the price of labor. An annual meeting 
was held in the spring for choice of officers and the transac- 
tion of other business ; another was held in the fall to fix the 
time for " Opening the Meadows" for feeding. Appraisers 
were chosen to examine the condition of each owner's land, 
and decide how many " rights " each was entitled to. Below 
is a sample of the lists of feed and stock handed in to the ap- 
praisers : — 

Mathevv Clessons feed in the Common field. Cattle. 2 oxen 
Grass Land Clessons Swamp five acres 3 cows 

On the plain 5 do 2 two years old 

Stubble do 3 do i Horse iColt i do 

Stalks do 4 do 

The appraisers determine, after examination, whether Cles- 


son's feed and stock balance, or whether he will be obliged 
to buy " Rights" to supply his need, or have Rights to sell. 

A Right admitted one ox. On this standard the privi. 
lege for entering other stock was finely graded. The Rights 
were merchantable and changed hands in wholes or fractions, 
according to need or convenience. All entries of stock and 
sales of Rights were made a matter of record on the books 
of the appraisers. The hour of opening was high noon, and 
woe be to the owner of any stock seen running at large before 
the first stroke of twelve from the meetinghouse bell. Be- 
fore the echoes of its last stroke had fairly melted into si- 
lence, the gates on every road leading into the meadows were 
flung open and hundreds of cows and oxen were cropping 
the sweet grass, or battling for mastership. These conflicts 
were one of the prominent features of the day. The strife 
was renewed as often as stranger herds met, and continued 
until it was settled which animal " beat." Sometimes a lord- 
ly beast would go the rounds "with a chip on his shoulder," 
and hundreds would give way to him without a question, and 
no animal was molested who did not offer to lock horns with 
him. When two of this kidney met there was usually much 
turf torn up and much good feed spoiled. The battle was 
hot and often prolonged, once one gave up "beat" the bellig- 
erents became the best of friends. 

The Meadows usually remained " open " about four weeks, 
when all gates must be closed by law. This shutting-up of 
the gates was a source of great annoyance to travelers. On 
every road leading through or into the meadows, the passer 
was obliged to open the gate and close it behind him. In time 
men began to think this annoyance to travelers, this hindrance 
to business, and damage done to the land, outweighed the ad- 
vantages gained by utilizing the feed, and gradually a party 
was formed which acted on this conviction. For many years 
there was an annual struggle between this part}- and the 
Conservatives, which grew sharper as the parties grew to be 
more equal and the Radicals gained an occasional victory. 
All votes were by interest, a certain amount on the valuation 
list giving one vote. As the day approached for the fall 
meeting, proxies were gathered from far and near ; in some 
cases real estate was deeded to parties solely to make them 
personally interested in the battle. 


The parties in a general way divided along these lines: — 
Men opposed to changing any customs of their fathers, men 
who summered a large stock of oxen and wished to eke out 
their failing pastures with a month of fresh fall feed before 
putting them into their winter stalls, on one side ; on the 
other, men with no pastures, who bought their oxen for the 
stall just before winter set in ; men whose land was newly 
seeded, or lay in low places, or in locations which exposed it 
to unusual tramplings ; with side issues on both sides. 

At the fall meeting, Nov. 5th, 1858, the first question to 
test the strength of the opposing parties was on the choice 
of moderator. While the slow process of taking the vote by 
interest was going on, both parties became shaky as to the 
result and the count was interrupted. After much harangu- 
ing it was agreed on all hands that the meadows should be 
opened without any ceremony that year and never after- 

Thus came the end. Originally the meadow fence was a 
vital necessity to keep out the cattle which roamed at large 
on the hills ; the very life of the settlement depended upon 
its integrity. In later years, when individuals kept their 
stock in their own pastures, and cattle found running at large 
were impounded, the meadow fence was only needed to keep 
them in while the meadows were opened in the fall. When 
opening the meadows came to an end the need of the fence 
ended. As regulating the feeding and fencing had been the 
only business of the corporation, so, as feeding was at an end, 
its occupation was gone. It never met again. As the above 
meeting was not organized, the writer, as clerk of the Pro- 
prietors of the Common Field, presided at its last meeting, 
and its records and papers were left in his hands. They can 
now be consulted in the library of the Pocumtuck Valley j\Ie- 
morial Association. 

The forwardness or backwardness of crops, as compared 
with " old times," has been among farmers a prolific theme 
of discussion. The date of opening the meadows, decided 
each fall, tells the story of the ripening of Indian corn for 
that season, that being the last crop gathered in " clearing the 
meadows." The following table gives the results of one hun- 
dred years' practical observation on the subject. It gives the 
year and date of opening : — 




:t. 5 


' 7 

1752 ' 

' 12 

1753 ' 

' 24 

1757 ' 

' 12 

1759 ' 

' 19 


' 24 


■ 21 

I7f'3 ' 

' 21 

1764 • 

' 23 

1767 • 

' 17 

1768 • 

' 22 

1769 ' 

' 13 


' 27 


• 12 


' 27 

»773 ' 

' If) 

17S6 ' 

' 24 

1787 ' 

' 25 

1788 ' 

' 24 

17S9 ' 

' 24 

1790 ' 

' 30 

1 791 

' 21 

1792 ' 

' 20 

1793 ' 

' 25 

1 794 ' 

' 23 

1795 ■ 

' 28 

1 796 ' 

' 29 

1797 ' 

' 28 

T798 ' 

' 23 

1799 ' 

' 29 


' 29 

1 801 

' 23 


' 30 


Oct. 28 


■* 4 


" 27 


Oct. 27 


" 31 


Nov. I 


" 31 


Oct. 27 


Nov. 5 


" 29 




" 29 


" 4 


Nov. 3 


Oct. 25 




" 31 




Nov. 7 


Oct. 28 


* * 2 


" 28 


Oct. 29 


Nov. 3 


Nov. 2 


not opened 


Oct. 15 


(t ti 


Nov. I 


.. ti 


Oct. 28 


Nov. 6 


" 27 


not opened 


" 26 


Nov. 13 


" 27 


" 7 


" 25 




" 28 




Nov. 3 

A few ear 

Her dates have 


Oct. 29 

been obtained, which 


" 26 

show a marked contrast 


Nov. 3 

with the 2 



Oct. 25 


Oct. 4 


■' 31 




•• 29 




" 29 


" 7 


Nov. 10 

1 701 



'* 2 


Sept. 30 


Oct. 31 


Oct. I 


Nov. 7 


Sept. 26 


" 10 



Feb. 14th, 1778, eight men in the south part of the town 
made a move for annexation to Whately. Living " Six, Sev- 
en & Eight miles from the meeting House " they cannot con- 
veniently attend public worship in Deerfield, but " are so Cit- 
vated as we can and do Commonly Attend the Public wor- 
ship of God in Whateley" a distance of a mile or mile and 
a half. They ask the selectmen to put an article in the war- 
rant for the March meeting : — 

To see if the Town will give there Consent that we should be set 
of to y'^ Town of Whateley with the Land which we Request to have 
set of is as f(;llows [sicj viz Exstending as far east as the east Line 
of Sam' Hardings and Beginning at the Northeast corner of s'' Hard- 
ings Land and extending westwards a strait Line to y*^ East line of 
Conway &c and in so doing you will greatly Oblidge us your Humble 

Adonijah Taylor John Taylor 

Thomas Faxon Soloman Taylor 

Samuel Harding Gideon Dickinson 

Oliver Shattuck Julius Allis 

The question was put whether y'^' Town will grant y^ Petition of 
Lieut Adonijah Taylor and others, requesting to be set off to Whate- 
ly and passed in y'^ Negative. 

These men lived in a body at the southwest corner of the 

Nov. 4th, 1 78 1, Samuel Barnard, Elijah Arms and Samuel 
Harding, committee, ask that the money they pay for rninis- 
ter and school tax be refunded to be expended by themselves 
for those purposes. At the town meeting Dec. 3d, 178 1, ^15, 
12 s were allowed them for preaching and £6 for schooling. 

After the death of Mr. Ashley in 1 780, the pulpit was sup- 
plied about a quarter part of the time by ministers from sur- 
rounding towns and young clerical graduates, and Deacon 
meetings were held the rest of the time. In the fall of 1784 
David Selden, Yale 1782, preached here seven Sundays and 


was SO well liked that a movement was made to give him a 
call to settle. But at that time he was hoping to receive a 
call from Longmeadow, and he declined to come back. He 
was disappointed about Longmeadow but settled in Haddam, 
Ct., in 1785, where he died in 1825. Samuel Goodrich, Yale 
1783, supplied the pulpit most of the time from April 3d to 
July 17th, 1785. July 1 8th the town voted to give him a call. 
When it became apparent that Mr. Goodrich would be called 
to the ministry of Deerfield, other movements for dividing 
the town were made. March 28th, 1785, Lucius Allis and the 
other selectmen of Conway petition Deerfield in behalf of 
Julius Allis, that " by reason of the impractibility of a Road, 
as well as the Distance of y" Way," to Deerfield, " he with his 
family might be annexed to y'' town of Conway." 

I find no action of the town on this petition. 

May 4th, 1786, Julins himself asks the town to abate his 
taxes. He says there is no public road leading from his 
farm towards Deerfield, and he can get no benefit from the 
meeting or school for which he has paid taxes eighteen years. 
The town voted to abate his unpaid ministerial tax. Under 
the circumstances, Bloody Brook people make a bold push for 
independence. After the usual statement of the difficulty of 
attending meeting in town they say : — 

Wheras providence has so ordered that we are so sittuated as that 
we can with Tolerable convenience attend the Public Worship of 
God among ourselves if we may have y*^ Liberty and wheras we so- 
pose there is a prospect of there being a Minister Settled in said 
Deerfield soon and although we have nothing to object against the 
Gentleman who is about to be Settled but wish you may be So Hap- 
py as to unite in and Settle him yet we do think it very unreasonable 
to be obliged to assist you in Settling him or any other (xentleman 
inasmuch as we cannot have any priviledg thereby. Therefore we 
the Subscribers by order and in liehalf of the major part of the In- 
habitance of the South part of Deerfield do Humbly Request that 
you forthwith w'arn a Town Meeting to see if the Town wdl be will- 
ing to set us off for to be a Town by ourselves and exempt us from 
paying any Taxes which may be granted and made in said Deerfield 
for the purpose of Settling of a minister or the Support of the Gos- 
pel. We also Request that we may have the Benefit of our part of 
all such moneys or Lands as has heretofore been granted or Secjues- 
ted for the Support of the Gospel or Schools in Deerfield and all 
such other privilidges as may be made to appear to be our just Right 
and we request that we may be set off and exempted as above said 
in Maner and form as followith (viz) Begining at Connecticutt River 
at the Southeast Corner of a gore of Land called and known by the 


name of Wapping gore and extending from thence westwardly to 
Conway line and Soposing that these our Requests are Reasonable 
we trust they will be granted which in Duty bound we shall ever 
pray Samuel Barnard 

Nathan Frary 

Sam' Harding > Committee. 

Waitstill Hawks 
Deerfield, July 12, 1785. Elihu McCall 

At a town meeting July i8th, "Voted in the negative." 

[On a motion] to concur with a vote of the church in Deerfield 
passed on the 4th of July Current in giving a call to Mr. Samuel 
Goodrich to Settle in y^ work of y'^ Ministry in said Town and the 
votes being called on said Question there appeared thirty five yeas, 
and twenty seven nays. 

A committee was chosen to report the vote to Mr. Good- 
rich, and the meeting adjourned to the next day. On a 
petition of Asahel Wright and thirty-three others, a meeting 
was called Aug. 8th, 1785. Voted forty-two to eighteen that, — 

The town will refund such part of the money that may be paid by 
the Inhabitants of the South part of the town towards the Settle- 
ment of a Gospel Minister in Said town * * * provided they 
shall in some future day be incorporated into a Seperate Town, Par- 
ish, or District and Settle a Gospel Minister, 

But not to include any who may wish to be set off to another 
town. Voted to renew their invitation to Mr. Goodrich, sixty- 
two to sixteen. "Voted ^^250 as settlement, ^^"150 to be paid 
within one year after his ordination and ;^ioo within two 
years," to give him a yearly salary "of ;^ioo or i^88, and 40 
cords of wood." Nothing more concerning Mr. Goodrich is 
found on the records. In 1786, he was settled at Ridgefield, 
Ct., whence he went to Berlin, where he died in 1835. 

Nov. 1 6th, 1786, the town voted to "concur with the church 
in inviting Mr John Taylor in settling in the work of the 
Ministry; 50 to 2. Voted him a Settlement of ;!^250, i^ioo 
within a year and ^^50 a year for the second and third years, 
47 to 7 : and a salary of ;^ioo, unanimously." The reply of 
Mr. Taylor to this call was so characteristic of the man, it 
seems best to ofive it entire. 


Deerfield Dec 18, 1786 

To the Ch'^ of Christ and to the Congregation in Deerfield — 

Friends and Bretheren. Since you presented me with your request 

to Settle with you in the work of the Ministry; 1 have taken it into 

consideration, and I hope have considered it with that Seriousness 

which is becoming so important a concern, both for the Ch'' the con- 


gregatioii and myself. 1 have taken a proper time for Considera- 
tion, have advised with most of the Ministers in the vicinity — have 
attended to your long destitution, and the difficulty you have met 
with in gaining an unity. 1 have considered the necessity you stand 
in of a resettled Minister, that you may have the regular administra- 
tion of Ordinances. I have attended also to your present unity, and 
the agreable consequences naturally resulting from such a happy 
union. I have also with pain considered the present situation of 
our political matters, the Embarrassments upon the regular adminis- 
tration of Law and Justice, the Oeneral Confusion of the Common- 
wealth, together with the deep rooted prejudices in y minds of 
many against the Constitution, and the higher officers of the Oov 
ernment. I have been and am still full of the most alarming appre- 
hensions with regard to the disturbances which have taken place, 
and which appear still to be increasing.* What the future Conse- 
quences of these things will be is known only to an overruling God. 

Finally Bretheren, the time has now come in w'hich 1 am to give 
you an answer to your request, and after having considered the 
greatness of the work and the above observations in connection with 
the encouragement you have given and after having taken the ad- 
vice which so great an undertaking demanded, I find it my duty to 
answer you in the affirmative. 

Provided that the Town shall furnish me as many cords of wood 
yearly at one Dollar per cord as shall be called for— and may the 
Lord grant that the union between us may be productive of the hap- 
piest effects, and last as life, and that time may serve to unite us 
still more in affections and Spiritual interests. And that we may ever 
have reason to give Glory to God. These from your Pastor Elect 

John Taylor. 

Mr. Taylor was the thirteenth child of Eldad of Westfield, 
who was the fourteenth child of Edward, the first minister of 
that town. He was born Dec. 23d, 1762, just one hundred 
and twenty years after the birth of his grandfather ; was a 
graduate of Yale 1784, and was ordained at Deerfield, Feb. 
14th, 1787. 

The division between Whig and Tory of the Revolution 
was fast dying out. The advent of Mr. Taylor brought an 
era of union and peace, at least to the north part of the town. 
The Constitution of the State had been put to the test and 
proved good. The great mass of the people were satisfied 
with it. The impractical followers of Shays had seen their 
weakness, wickedness and folly. The Constitution of the 
new nation was in practical operation. The yeomen of Deer- 
field, almost to a man, stood by both. The times were hard 

*Shays Rebellion had rapidly spread since his invitation from the church, and 
had reached its, height; and, in '.point of fact, it had received its death blow at. 
Springfield, three weeks before the date of this letter. 


indeed, but the people gradually softened them by adopting 
and practicing upon the key-note of the convention held here 
in September, 1783, that " Industry and frugality zvcrc the most 
Jwpcfiil means of relief T 

The settlement of Mr. Taylor again brought to the front 
the question of a division of the town. Joseph Sanderson 
petitioned to be allowed to go, but April 2d, 1787, the town 
voted not to consent that he should be set off to Whately. 
A vote to the same effect was passed in December. Julius 
Allis, failing as we have seen to get relief through town ac- 
tion, applied to the General Court, and June 17th, 1791, an 
act was passed setting him off with his farm to Conway. In 
1792 his delinquent ministerial taxes were all abated by 
Deerfield. The Bloody Brook people continued to agitate the 
matter of a separate fund to be at their own disposal. The 
trouble lay in the distance and not in the theology. April 
23d, 1792, Nathan Frary and fourteen others petitioned for a 
town meeting : — 

To see if the town will relinquish the Ministerial charges of a cer- 
tain number of inhabitants of the South part of the town, and let 
them have the privilige to lay out, or expend the same where they 
can be best accommodated for preaching the ensuing year. 

This effort failed, and during Mr. Taylor's ministry no 
further attempt in this direction was made to disturb the 
town or church relations. 

Mr. Taylor was interested in literature and historic re- 
search, and doubtless did his part in developing a taste for 
those thinofs for which Deerfield was somewhat noted in the 
half century following. He was also interested in the affairs 
of the town and the policy of the nation. He and his fellows 
looked upon Washington as the beacon by whose light all 
miofht be oruided into a safe harbor. Deerfield men were not 
unknown to this great leader. One of her citizens had been 
urged by him to accept a commission in the army of the 
United States. 

The sorrowful news of Washington's sudden death was sad- 
dening and stunning. Here as everywhere a great shadow of 
gloom darkened the land, and stately obsequies gave expres- 
sion to the universal mourning. A fragmentary account of 
their celebration here has been found, which is as follows : — 


1799, Dec. 29. The Citizens met at the Academy to make ar- 
rangements for 'Commemorating the Death of his Excellency Gen' 
George Washington.' 

Voted unanimously to invite Mr. Claudius Herrick to deliver a 
funeral oration adapteti to that day 

Voted That Dr. William S. Williams, T.ieut Ep' Hoyt, Col" Dick- 
inson, Capt Hoyt & Col" Stebbins, be a Committee to make such ar- 
rangements and regulations for the proceeding on said Day as to 
them shall appear most suitable for the occasion 

Voted That the Musical Society be requested to make preperations 
for singing on said Day an Anthem, or other Music, adapted to the 
Occasion : 

Thursday, Jan. 9th, was set apart for the Commemoration, 
and there was a great gathering from all the towns about here. 
The militia were out in force, including the artillery compa- 
ny, from Greenfield. The following report was made by the 
secretary, Dr. Wm. S. Williams : — 

On Thursday, the ninth instant, the inhabitants of Deerfield and 
the neighboring towns assembled to pay a mournful tribute of re- 
spect to the man of the Age, the ever to be lamented Gen' George 

While Freedom lives his memory shall be dear. 
And reap fresh honors each returning year. 
Nations preserved shall yield immortal fame, 
And endless ages bless his glorious name! 

The morning opened with the tolling of the bell for one hour. At 
eleven o'clock the citizens and military assenabled at the Academy 
Square and formed in procession in the following order: 

Music of Col. Dickinsons Regt with Drums Muffled 
Officer i Coulors half staff ) Officer 
Officer < fringed with Black y Officer 
Officer ( iS: the initials G. \V. ) Officer 
Officers of the Continental Army 
Military officers 
Civil Magistrates 
Orator of the Day and Clergy 

The procession then marched towards liie meetinghouse, music 
playing a dead march, troops in platoons, with arms reversed. When 
arrived at the meetinghouse, the troops formed in line and stood 
leaning on their arms reversed, while the procession passed them 
into the house. The pulpit was shrouded in black exhibiting the 
following inscription, 'His memory shall while freedom lives be 
the — ' [illegible]. 


The Presidents Proclamation ) read by the Rev'd 

The late Presidents Valedictory Address f Mr [John] Taylor 

Prayer by the Rev. Mr. [Roger] Newton 


Oration by Mr. Herrick, Preceptor of the Academy. 
An Anthem from 2 Sam. i Chap. "The bcaiiiy of Istacl is slain upon the 
high places. IIo7v are the mighty fallen.' 

A Dirge 
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Taylor. 

The procession formed as before and returned to the Academy. 
Minute guns were fired by Capt Smead's artillery while the proces- 
sion was moving. Three volleys, fired by Capt. Nims's company, 
closed the proceedings. 

i8oi. March 2d, the town voted to make "a grant of one 
hundred and twenty-five dollars to the Rev'* M"" John Taylor, 
in addition to his salary." 

1802. March ist, a committee of the town reports that 
" M"" Taylor has no objections to preaching 3 or 4 Sabaths in 
the year, at Muddy Brook if this Town are wanting it." 

July 1 2th, Samuel Childs and nine others petition the se- 
lectmen to call a town meeting " To see if the Town will con- 
cent that the Rev'* John Taylor shall go on a Mission to the 
Westward agreable to a request of the Missionary Society in 
the Co. of Hampshire." No record of any action on this 
petition is found. It may have been concluded all round that 
no formal action was necessary. He is soon after found on 
his field of labor in the far locst. He made a three months' 
missionary tour to New York, visiting many settlements on 
the Mohawk and Black rivers. He went on horseback, trav- 
eling nearly one thousand miles, speaking five or six times 
a week, organizing churches, ordaining deacons, visiting 
schools, the sick and dying. With all this, he found time to 
visit noted historical places and natural curiosities, which he 
described ; of some, drawings were made, notably, the ruins 
of ancient forts or mounds on ^the Sandy Creek, near Lake 
Ontario. A journal of this tour was published in the Doc- 
umentary History of New York. 

1803. March 7th, the town "Voted to make an addition of 
one hundred Dollars per Annum to M' Taylors Salary during 
his Ministry here." These repeated donations to Mr. Taylor 
not only show a great affection for him, but also a prosperous 
community. In 1804 his voice failed. It is probable that the 
fatigue and hardships of Mr. Taylor's missionary tour, with 
the rough roads and bad weather, and with the scanty accom- 
modations, or none at all, for suitable rest, together with the 
constant mental strain, made a serious inroad upon his con- 


stittition. His health gave out. " Debility of the lungs 
* '■•■ * effects caused by public speaking," he gives as a 
reason for being obliged to ask a dismissal. 

The following item shows that the women of his flock gave 
practical tokens of their vSympathy with the loved pastor in 
his misfortune, and also that the character of Deerfield wom- 
en for " female benevolence " has not been changed by the 
decades that have passed since then. The Gazette, in its is- 
sue of April 17th. 1806, as an editorial personal, — a rare thing 
in those days, — tells how the ladies of Deerfield, — 

Convened and presented to the wife of Mr. Taylor, with 96 runs 
of linen yarn, such examples of female benevolence, and such to- 
kens of friendship towards the teachers of religion, we shall always 
notice with pleasure. 

1806. June 9th, the church met at Mr. Taylor's, and 
he made a formal request for a dismissal. This was accepted, 
and a committee chosen to ask the concurrence of the town 
in the dissolution of the ministerial connection ; and ask also 
a grant of money for Mr. Taylor. June i6th, the town chose 
a committee of twelve, — 

To wait upon Mr. Taylor and receive from him reasons for mak- 
ing him a grant, and also to report to this meeting what it will be 
proper to grant him. Who report the following, \iz: 

To the Inhabitants of the town of Deerfield — 

Gentlemen As I have requested you to make me a grant, pre- 
viously, to the disolution of my ministerial connection with you, 1 
would observe as reasons why I have entered a petition of this kind, 
first, unless 1 am assisted, 1 shall be in a state of trouble and dis- 
tress soon after my Salary ceases; and shall be under a necessity of 
disposing of some part of the little landed property I possess, to sat- 
isfy demands now against me, which demands, as near as I am able to 
calculate amount to between three and four hundred dollars. 2, I 
am so reduced in health as to be unable to attend to any business, 
and I have a large family to support, and at present know of no 
way by which they can be suppcjrted. 

For these reasons I have felt myself constrained to ask for your 
kind assistance 

My friends, 1 do not wish to trouble you with a long statement of 
my unhappy condition — nor with many remarks, nor, indeed will 
my feelings admit of it, under such heavy frowns of Providence: you 
will readily conceive, that a man with a large family, who has passed 
the meridion of life — with a debilitated constitution — and unqualified 
for any new course of life — and not knowing what course to pursue 
for a livlihood — must experience the most painful sensations, how- 
ever firm his reliance on a kind providence — And, on an occasion 


like the present, when gloomy prospects, indeed, are before me, 
your generosity will be duly appreciated. 

Yours affectionately John Taylor. 
Deerfield June i6"' 1806. 

Voted to make a grant of six hundred and sixty two dollars to Mr. 
Taylor * * * provided he relinquish all claim to any salary from 
the present time. 

A committee was chosen " to supply the Desk until the 
next December Meeting." 

June 17th, the church met again and made arrangements 
for an ecclesiastical council to dissolve the connection be- 
tween the church and its pastor. Aug. 6th, the council, con- 
sisting of Dr. Newton of Greenfield, Dr. Lyman of Hatfield, 
Emerson of Conway, Wells of Whately, and Packard of Shel- 
burne, met and went through the ceremony, and Deerfield 
was again without a minister. His farewell sermon was 
read, I think, by Rev. James Taylor of Sunderland. 

Mr. Taylor advertises for sale his "homestead 9 acres 26 
acres pasture & arable land adjoining, 26 or 27 acres adjoin- 
ing said pasture, of wood land * * * also 2 1 acres i m.ile 
north ^ pasture ^ wood." On leaving Deerfield, Mr. Taylor 
engaged in farming in Enfield, Conn., and became a leading 
man ; was often elected Representative, and several times 
Speaker of the House. In 18 17, he removed to Mendon, 
N. Y., and acted as a missionary. In 1822, he was settled as 
minister at Bruce, Mich. He was an ardent Abolitionist and 
established here a station on the " under ground rail-road " to 
Canada. Here he died, Dec. 20th, 1840. He married, June 
14th, 1788, Elizabeth Terry of Enfield. Of his ten children 
seven, between the ages of seven and seventeen, were living 
when he left Deerfield. His -published works that I have 
met with are : — 

An x'Vppendix to the Redeemed Captive, 1793. 
Oration at Deerfield, July 4th, 1796. 
Thanksgiving Sermon at Deerfield, 1798. 
Journal of a Missionary Tour in New York, 1802. 
Centennial Sermon at Deerfield, Feb. 28th, 1804. 
Farewell Sermon, Aug. 6th, 1806. 

During the closing years of Mr. Taylor's pastorate the dys- 
entery, as an epidemic, raged fearfully in this and neighbor- 
ing towns. Almost every family in which there were young 
children lost a member. From Mr. Taylor's imperfect bills 
of mortality for Deerfield, the following table is compiled : — 



Total deaths. 

By dysentery. 













During the same period Mr. Taylor records ten deaths by 
"old age." The average age of these ten was 85.3 years. 

During the summer of 1806, Samuel Porter Williams 
preached here acceptably as a candidate, and Nov. 6th, 1806, 
a special town meeting was called, " To see if they will con- 
cur with the church in Said Town in giving Mr Samuel Wil- 
liams an invitation to vSettle in the work of the Gospel Minis- 
.try." "The town Concured with the church, and offered a 
Salary of $666.66, to be paid June ist of every year as Mr 
Taylors was." It had been understood that Mr. Williams 
would accept the call, and great was the disappointment 
when a long letter was received from him, giving the reasons 
why he must decline the invitation. He writes, Dec. 15th, 

I considered the church in Deerfield well united in the faith and 
order of the Gospel &: not therefore necessarily liable to be divided 
or disturbed by disappointment. The Town populous & W'ealthy, 
Respectable & Respected & of consequence pecuniarily inviting; & 
Capable of commanding a pastor after their own Heart, on the other 
hand 1 behold the church & people of Mansfield, long broken & di- 
vided, wandering & prone to wander 'as sheep without a shepherd' 
yet eagerly & unanimously looking to me, as the only Instrument of 
future union, peace & Happiness. I viewed them with mingled 
emotions of gratitude, sympathy, iS: regard; & could a C'hristian do 
less? * * * You cannot but be sensible a great and Singular 
Sacrifice, both as respects my personal support, & the Education & 
welfare of my family. 

The only comment found on this flattering btit manly let- 
ter, on the conclusion of its reading in town meeting is : — 
"Voted to dissolve the meeting." 

Mr. Williams was of good Connecticut valley stock, being 
descended from Rev. William Williams of Hatfield, and Rev. 
Solomon Stoddard of Northampton. He was born at Weth- 
ersfield, Ct., Feb. 22, 1779; was a graduate of Yale when seven- 
teen. In 1805 he had a call to settle as colleague with Dr. 
Howard, but declined. He was ordained at Mansfield, Jan. ist, 
1807; he left there after about ten years; was settled pastor 
of the first Presbyterian church in Newburyport, Feb. 8th, 
1821 ; died there Dec. 23d, 1826. 


The condition of things in Deerfield as pictured by Mr, 
Williams was doubtless a correct one. The last decade of 
the 1 8th century had been marked by unusual mental and 
physical activity, as was indeed the whole period of Mr. Tay- 
lor's ministr}^ The Deerfield Academy had been established 
by the energy and generosity of its citizens. Men and women 
of high character presided over it, who responded heartily to 
the demands of the town, making the interests of society 
their own. The young men and women who attended the 
Academy w^ere the pick of the best families in the county of 
Hampshire. Libraries and literary societies were in full oper- 
ation. Military art was studied as a science, in connection 
with the great wars of Europe, and the subject was taught by 
a professor in the Academy and illustrated in the field ; books 
on the subject were here written and published. Here was an 
active centre of operations for internal improvements ; new 
roads were laid out and bridges built ; the earliest canals in 
the country found here projectors, stout defenders and actual 
builders ; manufactures were fostered and new avenues of 
trade opened. Men who had weathered the tempest of the 
Revolution were at the fore, — men of brain and brawn, — they 
were mostly farmers, cultivating their own broad acres, and 
thereby growing wealthy — as wealth was then reckoned. 
The philosophical reason of all this intellectual and material 
activity is not far to seek. Two distinct causes were in oper- 
ation to bring it about. One was the natural rebound from 
Colonial vassalage and ministerial domination. The people 
were free. Along with liberty of political action came re- 
sponsibilities which they were required to meet, and which 
they did meet, wisely and well, with clearer intellects and 
broadened views. But underlying all this and pervading 
everything, lay the second cause. It was the spirit of self- 
reliance, the habit of self-denial and self-control, the habit of 
industry, of frugality and economy, engendered by the hard- 
ness and suffering of the Seven Years War. A generation 
grew up with these cardinal virtues, under the teaching of 
stern necessity, when every man must stand or fall by him- 
self ; when the bare necessities of life were indeed hard 
earned, and the idler could not be tolerated ; when every man, 
woman and child was enrolled in the service of productive 
industry. This generation was now in its prime. Their ed- 


ucation had brought them safely through the danger of the 
formative period following the war. Their minds as well as 
their bodies had become emancipated from the traditions of 
authority, and the vigor and success with which they em- 
braced their new opportunity, met and overcame difficulties, 
opened up new avenues for thought and business, was but 
the natural outcome of the circumstances. And if they made 
the wilderness blossom as the rose, they also set free thought 
in the high places among them, and set adrift on the sunless 
sea of oblivion, barks freighted with the enfeebling supersti- 
tions and harassing fears which had been their heritage ; and 
the eternal backward set of the current carried these away 

The next minister of Deerfield was Samuel Willard. The 
settlement of Mr. Willard was such an important chapter in 
the theological history of the Connecticut Valley as to re- 
quire more than a mere statistical notice. 

When the ministers of the neighboring churches found out 
that the views of Mr. Willard differed from the hide-bound 
and musty theology handed down with little or no change 
from the Puritans, the alarm was at once sounded and means 
taken to suppress the threatened danger. Those men feared 
that the wedge of a more liberal belief once entered in the 
ministry of Mr. Willard, the breach would grow wider and 
wider, and the Pope-like dominion of the clergy grow weaker 
and weaker. They were wise in their day and generation, 
and the event proved they were true prophets. While in 
many churches hereabouts, the name and the creed, it may 
be, remain unchanged, the spirit and the life are changed 
utterly; and the old power of the priesthood is gone forever. 
Many of the churches whose pastors persecuted Mr. Willard, 
refusing him Christian fellowship and communion as a here- 
tic, would to-day welcome him with open arms to their pul- 
pits. There is a spirit of freedom and liberality of thought, 
as the term is now understood, which can recognize the ear- 
nest seeker after truth, although he may not be able to sub- 
scribe to every particular in their antiquated creeds. That 
this condition of things came about when it did and where it 
did, is owing largely to the advent of Mr. Willard in the Con- 
necticut Valley in 1807. ^ov a clear understanding of this 
movement, the actors and the motives must be made to ap- 
pear as well as the results. 


It would be folly to say that Mr. Willard made converts of 
his congregation in the few sermons he preached before his 
call. The field was ripe for the harvest, and his coming was 
timely. The spirit of free thought was abroad and recog- 
nized its champion. To be sure his settlement was the first 
important breach in the "Standing Order," his the first dis- 
tinctive, out-spoken Unitarian church in the state, and here 
the first break in the fellowship of the Congregational body. 
But the distinctive dogma of the Unity was held to be of so 
little importance that some of his closest friends and support- 
ers were Trinitarians to the day ot their death. 

Mr. Willard preached his first sermon here March 15th, 
1807. May 1 8th, the church gave him a call to settle, by a 
vote of twenty-two yeas and one nay, while two wished to 
hear the candidate longer and one was not ready to act. At 
a town meeting called June 4th, 1807," To determine wheth- 
er they will concur with the Church in Said Town in giving 
the Rev'' Samuel Willard an invitation to settle in the work 
of the Gospel Ministry in the Town," " Voted in the Affirm- 
ative, Mem. Cony The salary was fixed at $666.66. July 6th 
he sends the church a letter of acceptance, and it is laid before 
the town the same day. 

Rev. Samuel Willard's letter of acceptance; — 

To the Church and to the People of the Town of Deerfield. 

Respected Fathers, lirothers cl' Friends The vote of the Church, 
which was given on the i8th of May last, inviting me to labor stead- 
ily in this part of God's vineyard, & the concurring vote of the Town 
given on the 4th of June, together with the vote of the same date 
making provision for my support in case of an affirmative answer & 
settlement among you, were duly made known to me by your respec- 
tive committees. 

The subject is undf)ubtedly a very important one, and deserved 
the most attentive and mature consideration. It is the more impor- 
tant because the connection between a minister & people is in a 
measure indissoluble. It is true the great Head of the Church may 
in various ways dissolve the sacred bond. lUit 'What God has 
joined let no man put asunder.' 

Considering the lasting effects of my present determination, 1 
have enquired whether this be the most suitable place for the exer- 
cise of my humble talents; whether 1 might here do most for the aid 
and comfort of my fellow men & for the honor of Him whom we are 
all bound to 'glorify in our bodies and in our spirits.' Connected 
with this is the question whether I might here exi')ect to live in har- 
mony and contentnient. 

1 have now, my friends, come to a decision, which has I hope been 


formed under the influence of divine wisdom, <S: will meet the ap- 
probation of that Ueing, whose approbation should be our object in 
all that we do; & I do hereby accept your invitation to settle among 
you in the office of a Christian minister on the terms you propose. 
Sensible of the arduous undertaking and of my present defects, 1 ask 
your prayers to the Author of all good, that 1 may be abundantly 
furnished with ministerial gifts. And should it please C-od to unite 
us in the sacred relation of minister <S: people, may he by his contin- 
ual presence & blessing make the connection condusive to our mutu- 
al hapjiiness and spiritual improvement; which is the fervent prayer 
of Your Servant in the Lord And Companion in the Duties and 

hopes of religion Samuel Willaku 
July 5, 1807. 

Dea. Justin Hitchcock, H. Wrig-ht Strong and Samuel 
Childs were made a committee to confer with Mr. Willard. 
They agreed upon iVug. 12th as the time for his ordination, 
"and that the ordaining council consist of nine churches (to- 
gether with what Mr. Willard shall choose). The selectmen 
were made a committee to provide for the ordination, and 
pay all expenses, which are to be Assessed " in the next 
Minister's Tax. July 6th, the action of the town being 
known, the church, — 

Voted the following churches by their Pastor (Is: Delegates be ap- 
plied to for the Ordaining Council, viz: The Church t)f Portsmouth 
N.H. the Church in Petersham; the Church in Amherst; the Church 
in Greenfield; the Church in Hatfield; the Church in Whatcly; the 
Church in Conway; the Church in Shelburne. 

Rev. Mr. Taylor was invited later. 

The council met August i ith, all the churches named above 
except Portsmouth, being represented. A long and searching 
examination of the candidate was made, during which his 
confession of faith was laid before it. At the adjournment 
of the council it became evident that ordination was to be re- 
fused Mr. Willard, and great excitement followed. It was on 
this adjournment, or on that of the next day, that the boys, 
— as I was told by one of them, Jona. A. wSaxton, then seven- 
teen years old— expressed their indignation by bowling stones 
at the shins of the members of the council, as they were 
crossing the Common between Dea. Arms's and the meet- 
inghouse. As this gentle hint did not have the desired effect, 
other measures were taken. On the 12th, the council spent 
most of the day in examining the candidate, and in debate 
on the ordination ; and about 5 o'clock a large number of the 
citizens appeared before it with the following address : — 


To the Ecclesiastical Counsel here convened — Fathers Being un- 
expectetlly alarmed with the report of your declining to proceed in 
the ordination: which was the object of your meeting: We members 
of the church and congregation in this place: Sieze this early Op- 
portunity to present ourselves before you that you may read in our 
Countenances a regret which we have no language capable of Delin- 
enating: We hope, nay, may we not say we trust this report is al- 
together premature; but such is the agitation which the slightest 
apprehension of its truth has occasioned in our breasts that we are 
thus as it were, Involuntarily Constrained to Discover the emotions 
which have arested us if Reverend Gentlemen, our fears are unhap- 
ily founded in truth, permit us to ask a moments Suspension of the 
Dread Decission: permit us first to enquire what must be our con- 
dition what conceivable measure can possibly avert our Destruction; 
with an upright zeal for the establishment of the Instituted means 
of Christian Instruction we had Selected for our Pastor, a [young ?J 
Gentlemen whose talents learning and Christian Character Promised 
eminent usefulness to the Church, we have had opportunity of wit- 
nessing his graces in puhlick and private, and many of us, from a 
personal attendance upon his examination, can express a full Satis- 
faxion in the correctness of his faith; from expectations thus raised, 
attachments have been formed, and affections excited the cords of 
which cannot be severed without a Struggle little Inferior to the 
Pangs of Dissolving nature — We are persuaded, we feel that on your 
final Decission, rests the preservation or Destruction of our Dearest 
and most Sacred Interest — Pause — Reverend Fathers for Heavens 
sake— Pause. 

Deerfield August 12, 1807. 

Reading- between the lines of this crude and excited ad- 
dress, one may see the spirit of independence, which a few 
hours later rose in rank rebellion against the domination of 
the priesthood, and gave the man of their choice a new call 
to their pulpit. This paper gave vent to the indignation of 
the elders, as the rock practice did that of the boys. One 
availed as much as the other. The fiat had gone forth and 
the "result" was a fixed fact.^ I have never seen any allu- 
sion to this appeal in any record or report of this day's action. 
This copy is found in a MS. pamphlet, containing also the 
Result and the creed of Mr. Willard, which is given below : — 

MR. WILLARD's confession OF FAITH. 

I believe in the existence of one God, invisible, eternal, unchange- 
able, self-existent and independent, omnipotent and omniscient, per- 
fectly just, and unalterably good, and infinite in every glorious & 
amiable attribute. 

I believe that God is the Creator and the continual preserver of 
all things, visible and invisible. 

I believe in the absolute sovereignty of God; that he has a right 
to do his will in the army of heaven and among the inhabitants of 


the earth; and that he does, indeed, exercise a moral government 
over all creatures that are capable of moral action. 

I believe that man is a subject of this government; that being a 
dependent creature of God, intelligent and free, he is accountable 
to him for all his actions and affections. 

I believe that man was created in the image of him thai made 
him, innocent and happy; but that he early fell from this state by 
sin, and involved the whole /iiii/iaii race iu ruin. 

I believe it was utterly impossible for any to save themselves from 
this deplorable condition; 'that every mouth must be stoppetl;' and 
that it is through the free and sovereign grace of Gon, that one of 
the human race is ever saved. 

1 believe that the grace of (ioi) is dispensed to the guilty through 
the mediation of his only begotten Son, who existed in the bosom of 
the Father before the world began; who was the 'brightness of his 
Father's glory and the express image of his person,' 'by whom all 
things were created in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, 
whether they be thrones or dominions or prmcipalities or powers;' 
and between whom and absolute^ unden'j'ccl dhnnify,* there is an inejfa- 
If/c, incflmprche?isibl(\ and mysterious union, described by himself, in the 
words, '1 am in the Father and the Father in me,' and by the .'\pos- 
tle, 'in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.' 

To execute the office of Mediator, I believe the Lord of Life laid 
aside the brightness of his glory, descended from heaven, assumetl 
our nature, and was born in a miraculous manner. 

I believe that he yielded perfect obedience to the divine law; such 
obedience as no mere man since the fall ever did; that in his life he 
endured many sorrows, and that he finally suffered a most ignomin- 
ious and painful death on the cross, to make expiation for the sins 
of the world, and purchase them pardon, reconciliation anrl immor- 
tal bliss. 

I believe that as Christ 'was delivered for our offences, so he was 
raised again for our justification;' that he has ascended into heaven, 
and is seated at the right hand of the Father, tar above all principal- 
ity and power, and that he is head over all thini;;s to the Church. 

I believe in the immortality of the soul, and the resurrection of 
the body. 

1 believe in a future judgment and a righteous retribution of re- 
wards and punishments according to the different characters of men. 

I believe that faith and holiness are necessary to future haiijiiness, 
and that all, who on the great day arc found destitute of these, will 
go away into everlasting punishment. 

I believe that all who are finally acquitted, will be justified, not 
by works, but by faith; that although the law is and ever must be 
the rule of life, the f:;ospel '\s the rule by which all, who believe, will 
hereafter be judged. 

I believe that we are indebted to the grace of Gon for the qualifi- 
cations, as well as the provision for future blessedness; that we are 
dependent on him for spiritual life; that those who follow Christ in 

* Before this profession was submitted to the second council, the words "ab- 
solute, underived divinity," were changed to the more simple expression. " the 


the regeneration, are burn not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, 
nor of the will of man, but of God; that the operation of the Divine 
Spirit is necessary to enlighten our minds with the knowledge of 
religious truth, to subdue our stubborn wills, sanctify our affections, 
and bring us to embrace the offers of mercy as they are made in the 

I believe that we cannot of ourselves do anything, by which we 
can in the least promote our salvation; that independently of the 
gracious promise we can never have the slightest claim to the divine 
favor; that when we have done our utmost, we shall still be unprofit- 
able servants, who might justly have been forever excluded from the 
mansions of bliss, and that it is through the atonement and merits 
of Jesus Christ and in no other way, that we are to be saved. 

I believe in the divine inspiration of those writings, which are us- 
ually styled the sacred scriptures. 1 believe they contain a revela- 
tion of the doctrines we are to believe, and the duties we are to per- 
form, or in other words, that they are to be the rule of our faith and 
practice; that it should be our great concern to understand them, 
and that when we have reason to think we do understand them, we 
should submit without reserve to their dictates, however mysterious: 
and I believe that as the scriptures are the proper rule of faith, so 
they are a sufficient rule. 

I believe it to be the will of God that his people, should in all 
ages, be separate from the world, and that from the earliest gener- 
ations he has always had a church on earth. 

I believe that the privilege of admission into the visible kingdom 
of God, is free to all; that in this respect there is no difference be- 
tween Jew and Greek, male and female, infant and adult. 

I believe that the ordinances of Baptism and the Lord's Supper 
were instituted by the great Head of the Church, to be observed by 
his followers to the end of time; the former as a token of admission 
into his visible kingdom, the latter as a memorial of his sufferings 
and death. 

1 believe in the divine appointment of an order of men, whose pe- 
culiar duty it is to preach the word, administer the ordinances and 
execute the discipline of the Church; that they are to be consecrat- 
ed to the holy work by prayer and imposition of hands, and that the 
succession is to continue to the end of the world. 

Thus I believe, while I pray God to enlighten me by his good 
Spirit, to preserve or deliver me from error, and teach me all im- 
portant truth thro' his rich grace in Jesus Christ. 


Deerfield, Aug. nth, 1807. 
Agreeable to letters missive from the Church in Deerfield, were 
present at the house of Capt. Seth Nims, the Rev. Roger Newton, 
D. D. of Greenfield, the Rev. John Emerson, Conway, Wm. Billings 
Delegate — the Rev. Rufus Wells, Whately, Maj. Phinehas Frary, 
Delegate — the Rev. Joseph Lyman, D. D., Hatfield, Mr. John Ches- 
ter, Delegate — the Rev. John Taylor, Enfield, Con. — the Rev. Da- 
vid Parsons, D. D. Amherst, Deacon Seth Coleman, Delegate — the 
Rev. Jesse Appleton, Hampton, N. H. — the Rev. Theophilus Pack- 


ard, Shelburne, Mr. Robert Hubbard, Delegate — Rev. Festus Foster, 
I'etersham, Deacon Josiah Willard, Wm. Willard, jr. and Ezckiel 
Bowker, Delegates; who formed themselves into an Ecclesiastical 
Council by choosing the Rev. Roger Newton, D. D. Moderator, and 
the Rev. Theophilus Packard, Scribe. 

The Council was opened by a prayer by the Moderator; on a mo- 
tion made, the Council invited Ministers of the Gospel, Candidates 
for the Ministry, and Students in Divinity, to be present with them 
as spectators. The Council having examined the records of the 
Church and Town of Deerfield, relative to the invitation and propos- 
als to Mr. Willard to settle with them in the (xospel Ministry, and 
the answer returned by Mr. Willard to them, and having gained sat- 
isfaction of the regularity and propriety of both, and also of his cre- 
dentials as a member of the Church and his license to preach the 
Gospel, proceeded to the examination. Voted to adjourn to six 
o'clock tomorrow morning, 

Wednesday, 12th Aug. 

'I'he Council met according to adjournment: Dea. Jonathan Leav- 
itt, Delegate from the Church in Greenfield, joined the Council. 
The examination of the Pastor elect being finished, the Council ap- 
pointed the Rev. J. Lyman, D. D. and the Rev. John Emerson, as 
a committee to assist the scribe in draughting a result. The com- 
mittee presents the following Draught. 

That the Council having attentively and patiently examined the 
Pastor elect, as to his religious doctrines, found him to be a gentle- 
man of rich talents and acquirements in theological knowledge, of a 
most amiable temper and disposition, and of an exemplary frankness 
and sincerity in communicating his opinions. But yet, after a long 
and patient investigation, the Council did not discover in him that belief 
0/ the true and essential Divinity of our lord jesus christ, nor those 
sentiments respecting the entire moral depravity of fallen men, while 
in a state of unregeneracy, nor of the supernatural, special and ef- 
fectual influence of the holy spirit, nor of the sovereign gracious 
election of God in choosing believers to everlasting life, nor of the 
certain perseverance of all true believers in faith and holiness thro' 
the influences of the spirit and the promises of the covenant of grace, 
which doctrines they seriously and deliberately believe to be con- 
tained in the Gospel of Christ, and to be not only imi)ortant but nec- 
essary to be believed and taught for the ingathering of souls to the 
great Shepherd and Bishop of souls. 

The Council therefore, in fidelity to their Lord and Master, cannot 
proceed to separate him to the work of the Gospel Ministry over the 
Church of Christ and the Congregation of Goo's people in this town. 
The Council most sincerely lament their own disappointment and 
grief which this decision must occasion to the Church and people in 
this place. With ardent affection they commend the Pastor elect to 
the grace of God and the guidance of his holy spirit, and pray that 
this heritage of our Lord Jksus may be the charge of his watchful 
providence, that they may be happily united in christian doctrine 
and affection, and may by their prayers and entleavcnirs (jbtain a 
Pastor, in God's time, to feed them with knowledge and understand- 


ing in divine things, and that they might be Icept by the mighty 
power of Gou through faith unto their final and eternal salvation. 

The above Draught was reported and accepted by eleven members 
of the Council, but five members not having the same views of the 
candidate's sentiments upon the above points, with the consent of 
their Fathers and Brethren, would have proceeded to the ordination. 
Two members of the Council being Brothers of the Pastor elect ilid 
not vote. By the direction of the Council. R. Newton, 


The above is a true copy of \ Attest, 

the result of the Council, f Theo. Packard, Scribe. 

The next act in the drama is fotmd on the church records. 
Attg-. 1 2th, "The Cotmcil having met on the nth of Aug did 
not see fit to ordain Mr Willard the reasons for which appear 
in their result." "Voted to desire the Committee on Supply 
to hire Mr Willard to preach here longer" and voted "to de- 
sire Mr Willard to ineet the Church Aug i8th." At the 
meeting Aug. i8th, voted that "the profession of faith made 
by Mr Willard is satisfactory " twenty-eight yeas, eight nays, 
two not voting. "Voted to renew the invitation to Mr Wil- 
lard " twenty-seven yeas, twelve nays. 

The matter was next taken up by the town. As .soon as 
the action of the church was sent in, the selectmen issued 
the following warrant : — 

Hampshire ss To the Constable of the Town of Deerfield in 
said County Greeting 

Wheras a majority of the ecclesiastical Council, which was con- 
vened in this Town, for the purpose of ordaining M'' Samuel Willard 
to the work of the Gospel ministry here, on the twelfth day of Au- 
gust current, did then decide and determine that said Council would 
not proceed to ordain said M'' WilTard to said work — and wheras the 
Church in this town, at a church meeting held since the decission 
of said Council, viz^ on the seventeenth [i8th] day of August cur- 
rent, did vote and agree to continue their invitation to said M"" Wil- 
lard to settle in the work of the Gospel Ministry in this Town. 

You are therfore hereby required in the name of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts, forthwith to notify and warn the Free hold- 
ers and other Inhabitants of the Town of Deerfield aforesaid, legal- 
ly qualified to vote in Town Affairs to assemble at the Meeting 
House in said Town on Friday the twenty eighth day of August cur- 
rent at two of the clock in the afternoon of said day — then and there 
after a moderator is chosen to regulate said meeting: 

isiiy 'I'o determine whether they will again agree with Mr Willard 
upon a time for his ordination to the work of the ministry in this 
Town, and the number the ordaining Council shall consist of, and 
act theron. 



Other articles provide for carrying out any vote passed on 
this cardinal one. At the meeting- under this warrant, — 

On the 1=*^ Article first clause voted that the question be Deter- 
mined by yeas and nays; which being called for, there were one hun- 
dred and fourteen yeas, viz' 

I una. Arms, 

Pliny Arms, 

C. Tyler Arms, 

Eliakim Arms, 

El ill u Ashley, 

Thomas |W.] Ashley, 

Eliel Allen, 


Caleb " Jr., 

David Adams, 

John Hcnnitt, 

Lemuel Hariuird, 

Frederick Hoyden, 

Ebenezer Hugbee, 

Henry Bardwell, 


Andrew " 


Stephen F^arnard, 

Jonas Bridges, 

Amzi Childs, 2d, 

Richard Catlin, 


Mathew Clesson, 

Joseph " 

Jedediah Clark, 

John Clapp, Jr., 

Erastus " 

Asa Childs, 


Henry " 

Elijah Clary, 

Elihu Clary, 

Samuel Childs, 

" 4th, 
Israel " 

Seth Clapp, 
Simeon Childs, 

Samuel ChiUis, 3d, 
David Dickinson, 
Elijjhalet " 
Thomas VV. " 
Thomas W. " Jr., 
Consider Dickinson, 
James I'.ams, 
Daniel Forbes, 
Zadock Hawks, 

Zenas " 

Jonathan Hoyt, 
Cephas " 

John Hawks, 
Daniel " 
Justin Hitchcock, 
Paul Hawks, 
Ouartus " 
David Hovt, 

Jonathan " 2d, 
Ebenezer " 

Jonathan " 3d, 
Epaphras " 
Samuel Jevvett, 
Joel Keet, 

Jonathan Loveland, 
Augustus Lyman, 
Elisha Mack, 
Elijah Newton, 
Jeremiah Newton, 
Seth Nims, 
Calvin Ross, 
Nathan Robbins, 
Elijah Russell, 
James Reed, 

And thirty-four nays, viz^ 

Eber Allis, 
William Anderson, 
Eliphaz Arms. 
Eliakim " Jr., 
John Barns, 
Ebenezer Barnard, 


Joseph Blodgett, 
Timothy " 
Jesse Billings, 


Azariah Cooley. 




Samuel Childs, 2d, 

Elisha Clapp, 

Nathan Eams, 

Nathan Frary, 

Zebediah Graves, 

Asa Hawks. 


Reuben Jeweti, 

Joshua Sweet, 

Joseph Slebbins, 

Joseph " Jr., 



.Samuel Smith, 



David Saxton, 

Ebenezer " 


H. Wright Strong, 

Levi Smith, 


David Wells, 

Thomas " 

Quartus " 


Asahel Wright, Jr., 

Judah " 

Solomon Williams, 


Wm. Stoddard " 


Orlando Ware, 

Samuel Wilson, Jr., 

Ebenezer H. Williams, 

David Wait. 

Ephraim Williams, 


Quartus Marsh, 

Francis Munn, 

Luther Ashley, 

Ebenezer Barnard, 2d, 

Samuel E. Field, 

William Arnold, 

John Wilson. 

Asa Johnson, 
Elihu McCall. 
Jeremiah Nelson, 
Aaron Rand, 
Bela Richards, 
Amasa Smith, 
William Tryon, 
Stephen Wliitney, 
Levi Dickinsf)!!, 
Waitstill Hawks, Jr. 

A committee was chosen to consult with Mr. Willard and 


take all necessary steps for his ordination if he accepts the 

Sept. ist, the church voted to unite with Mr. Willard in 
the choice of another council. Beside those named below as 
composing the 2nd council, the following were invited : 

Rev. Dr. David Osgood of Medford, Rev. Dr. Abiel Holms 
of Cambridge, Rev. Dr. Daniel Chaplin of Groton, Rev. Dr. 
John Barnard of Salem, Rev. Abiel Abbott of Beverly, Rev. 
Dr. John Reed of West Bridgewater. The committee having 
charge of the affairs of the ordination were Dea. Jona. Arms, 
H. Wright Strong, Dea. Justin Hitchcock, Ebenezer H. Wil- 
liams, and Capt. vSeth Nims. 

The second council which met, Sept. 22nd, was made up as 
follows : — 

Lincoln, Rev. Charles Stearns and Thomas Wheeler, delegate. 

Concord, " Ezra Ripley '' Samuel Ripley, " 

Wendell, " Joseph Kilburn " Abra. Stone, " 

Warwick, " Samuel Reed " Medad Pomroy, 

Berlin, " Reuben Puffer " Stephen Barley, " 

Western, Samuel Kendell, D. D., Nathan Warren, Amos Bancroft, Ebenezer 

Hobbes, delegates. 
Lancaster, Rev. Nathaniel Thayer, and Jonas Fairbanks, delegate. 
Bolton, " Isaac Allen, and Jonathan Ives, " 

Stearns was chosen moderator and Thayer scribe. They 
" voted that the deliberations of this council be as public as 
this meetinghouse will admit." 

The condition of the Deerfield people, which has been be- 
fore pictured, may perhaps apply more particularly to those 
in the northern part, for it is a curious fact to note, that 
the division was on territorial as well as theological lines ; 
while Mr. Willard had considerable support in the southern 
part of the town, the opposition was practically all from that 
section. In the nay votes given above, there was but one man 
from the Wapping and Bars zone, and but one north of that. 
This one was in a chronic quarrel with the church, and several 
times had been called before it for cause. 

At the sitting of the council, Sept. 22d, a remonstrance was 
presented by some who objected to the ordination of Mr. Wil- 
lard, — 

On the ground of his not believing some which they received as 
essential doctrines — The essential divinity of Jesus Christ. The to- 
tal depravity of the human heart, and Its natural enmity against 


These objections not being sufficiently weighty to prevail, 
Mr. Willard was ordained by this council, vSept. 23d, 1807; 
six weeks after his first rejection. Before the end of the year 
a large number of communicants living in Bloody Brook, 
withdrew from the church. Some united with the church in 
Sunderland and some with that of Whately. The next step 
of the aggrieved south end brethren followed naturally. 
They wished to shake the dust off their feet on the path that 
led towards the heretical preacher and his adherents. It was 
for a division of the town: — 

1808, April 4, Art. 4. To see if the Town of Deerfield will atJree 
to divide s'' Town, as it shall be set forth in the petition of the In- 
habitants in the South part of the Town. [Warrant.] 

Art. 4. After hearint^ the Petition mentioned therein, and pro- 
tests against the same, voted in the negative. [Record.] 

[This petition was for] a Division of the Town by a line running 
east and west through the territorial centre thereof, parrallel to the 
north line of Whately * * * the South part to be a Separate 
'I'own by such name as may be thought propper. 

The following is a list of the signers to the petition. For 
convenience of reference I have arranged them alphabeti- 

Allis, Eber Blodgeil, Timoiliy Hawks, Setli 

Amsden, John Clap, Elisha " Waiistill 

Anderson, John Cooley, Abner Hubbard, Giles, |r. 

" William " Azariah Johnson, Asa 

" William, Ir. '" Eli Locke, Jonas 

Arms, Elijah " " Russell McCali", Elihu 

" Eiiphaz Dickinson, Levi Munn, Henjamin 

Thomas P^mes, Ebenezer Rand, Aaron 

Barnard, Ebenezer " James Richards, Bela 

Ebenezer, Jr. " Nathan " Lyman 

Elihu Frary, Nathan " William 

" William " Nathan, Jr. Sprague. I^phraim 

Barns, Jolui Graves, Zebcdiah Tryon, ('alvin 

Billings, Jesse Hale, James " William 

" Timothy Hawks, Asa Whitney, Stephen 

Blodgeit, Joseph " Elias " Stephen, 2d 

Residents south of the proposed line presented a remon- 
strance, setting forth at length the reasons moving them : — 

I** Heavy taxes in the commencement [and in the future of a 
new town] tho somewhat less, will far exceed our ability to pay, or 
what we are now obliged to pay, and which in these dark and op- 
pressive times are sufficiently burthensome. Such an increase will 
prevent commercial or mechanical men from settling here. 

2'^ [Rivalry, each trying to obtain] more than is severally due, 
will create animosity and contention, thus destroying social and con- 
genial intercourse of friends and families. 


3'' [Those who disagree with Mr. Willard can be accommodated 
at Sunderland,] but should they give a cool and dispashnate consid- 
eration to the subject, duly know and weigh it, they would have 
the firmest relyance and satisfaction in Rectitude of the church, and 
the character, purity and ability of the Minister 

4"' The town has but 1500 inhabitants part of them Baptists who 
claim exemption from the Ministers tax 

[The expenses of two towns would burden both The head peti- 
tioner said he was] always willing to pay his ministers tax, but does 
not wish to pay 20 where he pays 8 

5^'' Mutual taxation of non-residents land will lead to trouble, 
suspicions and discontent in assessing and Collecting taxes. Lastly, 
While those Zealously engaged for the division, hardly amount to 
one Eighth [of the whole, they are called upon to make] an oppressive 
sacrifice and loss without any comparable benefit. 

This was signed by Ebenezer Stebbins and thirty-two oth- 
ers whose names are alphabetically arranged : — ■ 

Allen, Asaph Cobb, Marcus Morton, Justin 

" Caleb Dumram, (?) Sylvanus " Lewis 

Ashley, Luther Graves, Israel, Jr. Nims, Elisha 

Hoyden, Frederick Harding, Abijah Ross, Calvin 

Burnham, Reuben Hawks, Seth " Samuel 

Childs, Sarriuel " William Russell, Zebina 

Clap, Erastus Hinckley, [Elijah ?] Sanderson, Israel 

'• John " [Merrick ?] Smith, Joel 

'■ Seth Loveland, Jona " Titus 

Clark, Jedediah Mack, Elisha ■ Stebbins, Ebenezer 

Clary, Elihu Mitchel, Asaph " Moses 

[Another remonstrance] ^V^e the Subscribers non-resident pro- 
prietors of land in the South part of said Town now petitioned to be 
sett off as a Town beg leave, on account of the great increase of 
taxes, and great inconvenience of paying them to two Separate Col- 
lectors, to ])rotest against, and dissent to a division of said town. 

Allen, Eliel Dickinson, Eliphalet Stebbins, Asa 

Arms, Pliny Hawks, Paul Strong, H. Wright 

Childs, Amzi " Quarius Williams, [ohn 

" Amzi, Jr. Lyman, Augiistus Wright, Asahel 

" Samuel Nims, Seth " Judah 

The next move was for a division of the money raised on 
the ministerial tax. After hearing " the petition of vSundry 
Persons in the south part of the Town respecting the ministry 
taxes, voted to disiniss the article and the Petition men- 

This petition was dated Feb. 25, 1809. Its request was to 
draw their proportional part of the ministry taxes from the 
town treasury " for the term of 3 years," to pay some preach- 
er they should regtilarly employ, claitning a " Right" under 
the 3d Article in the Bill of Rights to pay their money 
where they can " Conscienciotisly and Conveniently attend." 


"We are conscious in our own minds," they say, "of a very 
essential difference in opinion from the Rev Mr Willard on 
some of the most important doctrins of the Gospel, &. con- 
sequently cannot derive that Instruction & Edification by at- 
tending on his Ministry we otherwise can." The petitioners 
were : — 

Allis, Eber Coolej', [Abncr?] Jewell, Reuben 

Amsden, John " Azariah Jtihiison, Asa 

Anderson, Solomon " Eli McCall, Elihu 

William " Russell Morris? j(jhn 

Arms, Eliakiin Dickinson, Levi " ? William 

Eliakini, Jr. Frary, Nalhan Rand, Aaron 

" Elijah " Nathan, Jr. Richards, Hela 

" Eliphas Graves, Zebediah " Ephram 

" Eraslus Hale, James " William 

I^arnard, Elihu Hawks, Asa Tryon, William 
Barns, John " Elias " Zebiiia 

Blodgelt, Joseph " Wailsiill Whitney, Stephen 

Timothy Hubbard, Giles 
Clap, Elisha " Joseph 

Matters remained quiet on this field until 1817, when a 
movement was made for a territorial parish, which, after con- 
siderable trouble was arranged to mutual satisfaction. 

Besides the measures already spoken of there were more 
successful attempts to disturb the south line of the town on 
other than theological grounds. 

1789. Joseph Sanderson petitioned the town for its con- 
sent that he with his farm be set off to Conway. By votes 
April 2d and Dec. 3d the town voted "not to consent." 

Nov. 15th, 1806, Thomas Sanderson, son of Joseph, Justin 
Morton and Ebenezer Barnard asked the consent of the town 
to be set off to Whately by these bounds: — 

Beginning at Conway line at the northwest corner of No 16 in 
the Long Hill West Division, running east on the north line of said 
lot to the east end of Justin Mortons land then South to the South 
line of Capt William Tryons land, thence easterly on said line to 
the County road that leads from Deerfield to Hatfield, then South- 
erly Oil said road to the old dividing line between Ueerfield and 

1806. Dec. Lst, the town voted not to grant the request. 
Failing here the men appealed to a higher Court, and in 
January, 1 808, sent a petition to the legislature asking to be set 
off to Whately by the above-named boimds. An order of 
notice was served on Deerfield and Whately for a hearing 
April 19th, 1808. In a warrant for a town meeting May 2d, 
Article i was, — 


To hear the petition of Thomas Sanderson and Justin Morton 
to the Gen. Court of this Commonwealth to be set off to the Town 
of Whately and the order of said Court thereon, and to take such 
measures respecting the same as they shall judge expedient. 

Voted that John Williams Esq, Ephraim Williams Esq, Dr W. S. 
Williams be a Committee to draught a Remonstrance against the 
prayer of said Petitioners to be presented to the Gen. Court. 

Voted that the Representatives from this town be instructed to 
oppose the prayer of said Petition in the Gen. Court and to present 
the Remonstrance. ^ 

1809. The petitioners do not give np so, and May 8th they 
make another petition to the town for its consent that they 
be "set off from the town of Deerfield in order that we may 
obtain an act of the Legislattire of this Commonwealth to be 
annexed to the Town of Whately." They send the .same 
petition to the General Court again, except that the line of 
division is defined as beginning " at Conway line at the 
northwest corner of Thoinas vSandersons fann." "Ordered 
in the Senate June 9th, that an order of notice be served on 
both towns before the last WednCvSday of the 2d Session of 
this General Court." 

Dec. 9th, the town chose Dr. W. vS. Williams, Ephraim Wil- 
liams Esq., and Maj. Epaphras Hoyt, a committee to remon- 
strate against granting the prayer of the petitioners, and the 
representatives were directed to tise their inflttence against 
it. In spite of their inflttence, however, the deed was done by 
an act of March 5th, 18 10. I have heard it said that " politics 
did it," but I have not made the connection. A new adiuin- 
istration came into power that year and Deerfield was on the 
wrong side, giving her vote for the unsticce.ssful candidate 
for governor. So there viay be something in the story, that 
the votes on this territory would hold the balance of power 
in Whately and give that town to the adiuinistration. 

1 8 10, Dec. 3d, in town meeting: — 

Art 8 to hear the Petition of Seth and Ebenezer Clark to have all 
their land Lying in this Town sett off from this Town and annexed 
to the Town of Conway. 

Voted on the 8*^" Article to consent to the Annexation to Conway 
of all the Land in Deerfield which lies Southerly of the North Line of 
Lot N" 16, in the Long Hill West Division, so called, and West of 
the West Line of a tract of Land which was set off from Deerfield 
and annexed to Whately by an act of the General Court passed on 
the fifth day of March last. 

The Clarks petitioned the General Court to ratify this act. 


June nth, 1811, the legislature granted their petition and 
added a lot of land in the traet set off to Whately the year 
before, and set the whole to Conway, and set another pieee of 
Sanderson's land from Deeriield to Whately, knoeking the 
town lines about haphazard to suit the land owners. 

To conclude these southwest corner migrations of lands 
from town to town, I add the following : — 

[April 4th, 1814, in town nieetin»fj voted that the 'I'own will con- 
sent that all the lands in Deerfield lying Westerly and Southerly of 
the east & north line of the road leading from \Vhately to Conway, 
by 'Thomas Sandersons, should be set off from Deerfield (S: annexed 
to the Town of Whately. 

TJie Ministerial Fund — The money received in 1760 for that 
part of the ministerial lot sold to " tradesmen " [see ante, p. 
200.] was of course devoted to the support of the ministry. 
That was doubtless the nucleus of the present " Ministerial 
Fund " belonging to the " First Congregational Society in 
Deerfield." I am unable to give a connected account of its 
increase and history, but will make a contribution towards it. 
Aug. 5th, 1775, by vote of the town, " David Sexton E.sq, Lt 
Catlin, Maj. Dickinson Lt Barnard & Mr David Hoit, were 
appointed a Committee to devise Ways & Means, to Estab- 
lish a Fund for the Support of the Ministry in said Town, 
and to make report to s*^ Town." I hear nothing more of this 
matter until March ist, 1802. There was an article in the 
warrant for the town meeting : — 

To determine whether the Interest of the Obligations in the Town 
Treasury, Sequestered for the use of the Mmistry Shall be Annually 
put upon Interest until a sufficient fund shall be funded in adtlition 
to the Lands Sequestered for that purpose to pay the ministers Sal- 

Voted to make application for authority to take such action. 
"An Act authorizing the Town of Deerfield to loan the In- 
terest of Certain Monies in the Treasury of said Town," was 
the result of this application. In 1803, the town chose Dr. 
W. S. Williams, Solomon Williams, Epaphras Hoyt, Asahel 
Wright, and Seth Nims, a committee to make the proper In- 
vestments of the Ministerial fund under this act. These men 
served until 18 16, when they resigned. 

There seems to have been other sums in the treasury de- 
voted to the same purpose and it being thought best to con- 


vSolidate this with what was already sequestered, the legisla- 
ture was again appealed to. Feb. iith, 1807, an aet was 
passed entitled, " An Act in addition to an Act Entitled an 
Act authorizing the Town of Deerfield to loan certain monies 
in the Treasury of said Town." April 6th, 1807, there was 
an article in the warrant for the town meeting, — 

To determine whether they will Sequester a sum not exceeding 
$500, of any monies in the Town Treasury, in addition to the money 
already Sequestered in said' Town for the support of the Ministry, 
and on loan for the purpose of raising a Fund Sufficient to Support 
the Ministry of Deerfield, agreable to an Act of the General Court 
of this Commonwealth passed Feb 11 1807. 

By a unanimous vote the town "determined" to do this. 

A petition dated Jan. 30th, 1817, signed by forty-nine citi- 
zens of the south part of the town, was presented at the 
March meeting 1817. It prayed for the consent of the town 
that a " minister may be called and settled to preach among 
them " at such place as they may select, his salary to be paid 
from the town treastiry. It was signed, — 

Allis, Eber Blodgett, Simeon Hawks, William 

Amsden, John " Timothy H ubbard, Chester 

Anderson, John Clap, Elisha Jewett, Reuben 

William " Seth Johnson, Asa 

Arms, Dennis Clark, Jedediah Munn, Benjamin 

Elijah " Rufus Russell, Amos 

" Elikim Clary, Elihu " Zebina 

Eliphaz Cooley, Abner Severance, Jesse 

" Erastus " Eli Smith, Parsons 

Harry " Russell Sprague, Ephraim 

Seth Frary, Nathan Stebbins, Ebenezer 

Thomas Graves, Samuel Tryon, Lemuel 

Fiarnard, Elihu " Zebediah " William 

William " Zebediah, Jr. Whitnej', Stephen 

Billings, Ira Hawks, Asa Williams, Artemus 

" Jesse " Silas 

Timothy " Waitstill 

March 4th, 1817, Negatived. 

The next move is May 3d, 1817, in a petition of Abner 
Cooley and fifty-four others to the legislature for a territo- 
rial parish. 

J]ounded North by a line beginning at the South East corner of 
Lot No forty-four in the East Mountain Division so called on the 
West bank of Conn River, thence Westerly to a stake and stones on 
the top of the Mountain East of the Valley, thence westerly to a 
stake and stones in the fence in the east side of Simeon Childs home 
lot, on the West side of the road leading from Wapping Village so 
called to Sunderland, thence west ten degrees south to the South 


West corner of Simeon Childs farm; thence westerly on the meadow 
fence to the County road leading from Deerfield to Hatfield at the 
north west corner of a farm lately owned by Joiin Williams Esq de- 
ceased; thence southerly on said road last mentioned as far as the 
north line of John Amsdens home lot; thence West twenty seven 
degrees North fifty two rods; thence north fifty four degrees East 
twenty eight rods and five links to the North East corner of said 
Amsdens farm; thence north fifty two degrees West — one hundred 
and seventy six rods to the South East Corner of a Lot recorded to 
Samuel Dickinson; then Westerly to Conway line [to be called the] 
South Parish in Deerfield — [They also ask forj their just propor- 
tion of all the Ministerial lands and monies funded for the use of 
the Ministry in Deerfield. 

This divitling- line might well be termed a theological line; 
it twisted and zigzagged to take in or leave out the land of 
men according to their affiliation. An order of notice on this 
petition was voted in the Senate, June 4th, 18 17. A town 
meeting was held Dec. ist, 1817, when Ephraim Williams, 
Pliny Arms and Rtifus Saxton were chosen a committee to 
present a Remonstrance to the General Court against grant- 
ing the petition for a territorial parish. 

This committee drew np a long memorial, in which they 
say that while the petitions "assign as the principal, if not the 
only reason of their request" to be their distance from the 
place of worship, "it is a well known fact, which it would be 
in vain to atteinpt to conceal," that the real trouble lies in the 
fact that they are taxed to support a minister with whose 
doctrines they are dissatisfied. The committee represents 
that a similar condition of affairs would exist in the new ter- 
ritorial parish asked for, many there preferring to retain their 
connection with the old congregation. 

To the request for a share of the vSequestercd land, and 
Ministerial Fund, the memorialists object to giving tip any 
of the lands, or ftmds arising from their sale in 1760, but are 
willing to concede a right in that part of the fund established 
by the legislative act of Feb. nth, 1807. They say, — 

There is now in the South part of the town, only the families of 
Arms, P'rary & Stebbiiis, who were here at the time of the Seques- 
tration of the lands, none who shared in the perils & misfortunes of 
the first settlement, except those. 'J'wo of these are not petitioners. 
It was perhaps the exposedness of the town, which made it necessa- 
ry to create inducements for ministers to settle here. 

George Arms and Seth Nims, town assessors, certify, — 


That the total area of the town is 18832 acres; unimprovible 1643; 
Roads 370; water 520; improved 81 capable of improvement, 16299; 
of this, 1597 acres belong to the Baptists, nearly, if not all, north of 
the proposed line, — 

which is exempt from levy for the ministerial tax. Abner 
Cooley and his fellow petitioners are taxed on 4193 acres; 
non-petitioners on that territory are taxed on 3689 acres, by 
which it appears that the demand is far from general. 

After many meetings and much discussion, a committee 
was chosen by the town to confer with a committee of the 
petitioners and report the result. The committee made a 
long report April 6th, 1818, that they had made the petition- 
ers, " three different propositions, either of which if acceeded 
to by the Town and the Petitioners," they believe to be an 
eligible method of settling the difficulty. At an adjourned 
meeting. May 4th, one of the propositions was accepted, and 
June 30th, 1818, the Second Congregational Society in Deer- 
field was organized at Bloody Brook ; not on the territorial 
basis as asked for, but as a " Poll Parish." The Ministerial 
Fund was divided to mutual satisfaction. Money had occa- 
sionally been voted to hire preaching at Bloody Brook during 
the season of bad traveling, and President Timothy D wight 
of Yale, then a young man, was employed to preach there be- 
fore the close of the Revolutionary war. A meetinghouse 
was raised there July 12th, 1820, and dedicated Jan. 18, 1821. 
Further notice of the organization will be found later. 

T/ic Brick Meetinghouse. Feb. 17th, 1823, the town voted 
not to repair the old meetinghouse ; " voted to build a new 
meetinghouse provided a sufficient sum be raised by sub- 
scription the subscribers to be reimbursed by the sale of 
pews & the old Meetinghouse." The house was to be placed 
near the old one unless some other suitable site be purchased 
" by voluntary subscriptions of individuals, somewhere on 
the Meetinghouse hill." 

" Voted that the size of the Meetinghouse shall not exceed 
the size of the new Meetinghouse in Springfield lately erect- 
ed by Jonathan D wight, Esq." 

To buy a site for the new structure and so save the com- 
mon from a permanent incumbrance, forty men and one 
woman, Persis Sheldon, subscribed $530 and bought the site 
now occupied by the brick meetinghouse. The business 


was pushed at once, Asa Stebbins, William Russell, I'liny 
Arms, Orlando Ware and Ouartus Hawks were appointed a 
building committee with ample powers. A guarantee fund 
was provided to carry on the work by the following named 
citizens, the money to be refunded through a sale of pews: — 

Asaph Allen, 

$ 80 

Seih Nims, 


Christopher T. Arms, 


William Russell. 


Pliny Arms, 


Asa Stebbins, 


Samuel Callin, 


Orlando Ware, 


Thomas W. Dickinson, 


Samuel Willard. 


Aaron Fuller, 


Ebenezer H. Williams, 


John Hawks, 


Ephraim Williams, 


yuartus Hawks, 


Ralph Williams, 


Zur Hawks, 


Solomon Williams, 


Charles Hitchcock, 


John Wilson, 


Augustus Lyman, 


Asahel Wright, 


Edwin Nims, 


Judah Wright, 


5 " 

' 58 " 

13 X 9, 


66 " 

10. X 8, 

4 ' 

66 " 

8x 8, 


58 •' 

12 X 12. 

Some idea of the substantial character of the house they 
built may be gained from one bill of timber furnished by 
Samuel Moore of Warwick. It contained sixty-five pieces of 
" Good Sound white pine timber, hewed in a workmanlike 
manner, suitable to the erection of a Meetinghouse." Among 
these were, — 

8 sticks, 46 feet long, 8x8, 

1 " 55 " " 12x10, 
4 " 56 " " 12 X 10, 

2 " 56 " " 12 X 12, 

The transportation problem I will not attempt to solve. 
The price, delivered, was "ten dollars for every hundred 
cubic foot of said timber." 

The corner-stone was laid with appropriate ceremonies 
June ist, 1824. Under it was put a brief relation of the set- 
tlement of the town with notice of the former meeting- 
houses, and settled ministers, prepared by Col. Elihu Hoyt. 
By means of this paper the exaet site of the meetinghouse of 
1729 can be determined. The new edifice was raised July 
24th and was dedicated Dec. 22d, 1824, Mr. Willard preaching 
a sermon on the occasion. There were one hundred pews. 
On the lower floor seventy-eight were appraised at $6,034 ; 
seven were reserved for the needy, the rest sold at auction 
for $6,068.88. In the gallery were twenty-two pews appraised 
at $782; three were reserved, the rest brought $818. March 
ist, 1 73 1, the town voted to purchase a brass cock and balls for 
the meetinghouse, not to exceed in price i^2o. Jonathan Hoyt 
was chosen a committee to procure it. The cock was renovat- 


ed when the meetinghouse was repaired in 1768, by "guilding, 
reetifying Bruisies, and fixing new Globe eyes." In 1824, 
with feathers newly dressed, the old watchman was again 
restored to his accustomed perch, where he still remains keep- 
ing watch and ward over the shifting wind, having seen the 
generations of men come and go for more than one hundred 
and sixty years. 

The completed structure was of brick, with a graceful 
spire of wood, finely fitting its location. It stands to-day, as 
it stood the day the workmen ceased from their labors, with 
an air of sturdy independence and strength, well befitting 
the generation of its builders. 

Mr. Williams, our first minister, put his heart and his work 
into the building of a new meetinghouse in 1729, but he nev- 
er beheld the completed work of his hands, nor did his third 
successor, Mr. Willard, ever see with bodily eyes the next 
meetinghouse, built in 1824, which he had been so instru- 
mental in projecting. He had gradually lost the use of his 
eyes, until in 18 19 he became totally blind. This, however, 
did not prevent satisfactory parochial work, which he contin- 
ued until 1 829. After a short residence in Hingham he came 
back to the scene of his labors, where he died Oct. 8th, 1859, 
aged eighty-three. From the first Mr. Willard took an active 
part in the affairs of the town, and his influence was widely 
felt in social, literary, agricultural and horticultural affairs. 
To his inspiration and aid, Deerfield is largely indebted for 
her beautiful shade trees of which we are all so proud. Long 
may they wave in memory of the grand old man ! 

Ministerially speaking, Mr. Willard's lines were not cast in 
altogether pleasant places, but it is neither pleasant nor prof- 
itable to dwell upon the bigotry and bitterness of the sur- 
rounding congregational clergy towards the intruder. Suf- 
fice it to say, he lived down their personal enmity, and some 
became warm friends, although his stride beyond their nar- 
row limits could never be forafiven. Mr. Willard enofaared 
heartily in the reforms of the day, was early and outspoken 
in the temperance cause ; and the anti-slavery movement had 
few warmer or more practical advocates. He was deeply in- 
terested in educational matters, and took an active part in 
caring for the schools ; he wrote many books for school use ; 
one series of four was widely adopted, and passed through 


many editions. He had rare musical talent ; he wrote and 
published hundreds of hymns, and at least one musical note 
book. His miscellaneous writings were many and to the last 
he kept in touch with the affairs of the town and nation. 

Mi)iistcrial, after Dr. Willard. Rev. John Fessenden was 
the fifth pastor of the First Church. After preaching about 
two months, he was given a call March 24th, 1830; with a 
salary of "200 pounds Annually." He sent his letter of ac- 
ceptance April 17th and was ordained May 19th, 1H30; the 
sermon was by Rev. Charles Lowell of Boston. The new 
minister was a graduate of Harvard in 18 18, (^f the Cambridge 
Theological school in 1821, tutor at Harvard 1825-27. He 
was a man of scholarly attainments, and his sermons were 
better adapted to the learned than to common people. He 
was singularly gifted in public prayer, which inspired his 
hearers more than his sermons. At a parish meeting Feb. 
1st, 1840, upon a question of vital interest to Mr. Fessenden, 
the vote was a tie, and on the 5th he sent in his resignation. 
He removed to Dedham and engaged in teaching. In 1S35 
he preached a sermon before a party of Indians from Canada, 
who claimed to be descendants of the captive, Eunice Wil- 
liams, and who were on a visit to the graves of her father 
and mother. This sermon was published. 

After hearing many candidates, Daniel B. Parkhurst was 
given a call May loth, 1841. His letter of acceptance was 
received June 6th, and he was ordained July 21st, 1841. He 
was born Feb. 20th, 1818, and was the son of Dr. William 
Parkhurst of Petersham. He was two years at Amherst col- 
lege and two years at Yale, where he was graduated in 1836; 
he finished his studies at the Cambridge Divinity school. 
His life of rare promise was cut short by consumption; he 
preached only nine sermons and died at Keene, N. H., where 
he was under medical treatment, Feb. i6th, 1842. James 
Blodgett, a graduate of Harvard, 1841. and of the Theologi- 
cal school there in 1843, was the next minister. He was 
ordained Jan. 17th, 1844. His health failed; he lost his voice 
and was dismissed June i6th, 1845. He removed to Lexing- 
ton, where he died July 1 ith, 1845, leaving a widowed bride, 
who followed him just three months later. 

John Farwell Moors, born in (rroton, Dec. loth, 1819, was 
the eighth pastor of the First Church ; he was a graduate of 


Harvard, 1842, and of the Divinity school in 1845. From 
there he came directly to Deerfield, where he was ordained 
Jan. 28th, 1846. After a successful ministry of fourteen 
years he was dismissed April 9th, i860; on the 23d he was 
installed over the Third Congregational society in Green- 
field ; was chaplain to the 52d Mass. Vols., under Gen. Banks, 
in the Louisiana campaign, 1863, and in later years wrote the 
history of that regiment. He returned with his regiment after 
the capture of Port Hudson, July 8th, 1863. Representative 
from Greenfield, 1874, senator from Franklin county, 1877, 
and made D. D. in 1884. 

Mr. Moors was dismissed from his charge at Greenfield, in 
1884, to assume a wider field of labor as superintendent of 
the missionary work of the American Unitarian Association 
of New England. This work he resigned and returned to 
Greenfield in 1893, where he died, as these sheets are going 
through the press, Jan. 27th, 1895, which day rounded out 
the 49th year of his ministry. 

James K. Hosmer, son of Rev. Dr. George Hosmer, was 
born in Northfield, Jan. 29th, 1834. He graduated at Har- 
vard in 1855; 3-t Divinity school, Cambridge, in 1857. He 
was ordained Sept. (Jth, i860. In September, 1862, he enlist- 
ed in Co. D, 52d Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, 
which joined Gen. Banks's Louisiana Expedition. Declining 
a position in the military household of Gen. Banks, he was 
made corporal of the color-guard, and served through the 
campaign. He was in the actions of April 12th and 14th on 
the Teche, under Gen. Grover, and with him through the 
Red River Expedition, and at the siege and surrender of Port 
Hudson, July 8th, 1863. Mr. ^Hosmer was dismissed, Sept. 
2d, 1866, to take a professorship in Antioch College. Profes- 
sor of the State University of Missouri 1888-92, when he be- 
came head of the Minneapolis library. He is author of " The 
Color Guard," 1864, — one of the most entertaining books 
which the Rebellion has brought forth ; " The Thinking 
Bayonet," 1865; "A History of German Literature," 1879; 
"Story of the Jews," 1884; "Life of Samuel Adams," 1885; 
"Young Sir Henry Vane," 1888; "Short History of Anglo- 
vSaxon Freedom," 1890; is now [1894] engaged upon a life 
of Gov. Thomas Hutchinson. He has also been a liberal con- 
tributor to papers and magazines. 


Edgar Buckingham, A. B., son of Joseph T., was born at 
Boston, Aug. 29th, 1 81 2. He graduated at Harvard in 1831, 
and was the principal of Northfield Academy, 1831-32 ; grad- 
uated at Cambridge Divinity school, 1835; settled minister 
at Dover, N. H„ 1835 ; in Trenton, N. Y., 1840 ; in Troy, N. Y., 
1853; ^^^^ Deerfield in 1868. He married, June 5th, 1835, 
Sally Ann Hart. Mr. Buckingham was a voluminous writer 
for newspapers and magazines. He was an early advocate 
of the abolition of slavery, especially in an oration delivered 
July 4th, 1842. This was printed, as have been several of 
his sermons. Of the Unitarian denomination, but maintained 
the view that "the religion of Jesus Christ consists in obedi- 
ence to God, unconnected with sectarian opinions." He had 
an active, ingenious mind and scholarly culture. He died 

T/ic OrtJiodox Society. Oct. ist, 1838, a portion of the First 
Congregational Society organized a new body under the title 
of the " Orthodox Society." A church of the seceders had been 
formed June 2d, 1835. In 1838 a meetinghouse was built on 
Memorial Lane, the frame being raised July 12th. The first 
stated supply for the pulpit of this society was Rev. Pomeroy 
Belden. He was born in 181 1; son of Aaron of Whately ; 
graduated at Amherst in 1833; from Andover Theological 
Seminary in 1836. He was ordained evangelist Aug. 8th, 
1837. Installed at Deerfield, 1837; dismivSsed 1842; installed 
the same year at Amherst, where he died in office March 2d, 
1849. He married, in 1836, Louisa Tenny of Gill; (2d) 1841, 
Miranda Smith of Hadley. 

Rev. Henry Seymour, son of Horace of Hadley, was born 
in 1816; graduated from Amherst in 1838; and the Union 
Theological vSeminary in New York, in 1842. He married, in 
1844, Laura I. Fisk of Shelburne; (2d) 1851, Sophia Williams 
of Ashfield. Settled pastor at Deerfield, March i, 1843; dis- 
missed March 14th, 1849; settled at Hawley, Oct. 3d, 1849, 
where he is still in charge. 

Rev. Alfred E. Ives was born in New Haven in 1809; grad- 
uated at Yale in 1837; studied theology at New Haven ; pas- 
tor at Colebrook in 1838-48; settled here Sept. 5th, 1849; dis- 
missed in 1855 ; removed to Castine, Me. 

Rev. Robert Crawford, D. D., was born in Pai.sley, vScot- 
land. in 1804; came with liis father to Canada in 1821. After 


a few years of frontier life in the woods, he became an opera- 
tive in a cotton-mill at Hoosick Falls, N. Y., in 1826. After 
three years there, and two or three more in a mill at Ben- 
nington, Vt, he entered Williams College, graduating in 
1836; was a year or two tutor there. He studied theology at 
Princeton, N. J., and at the Union Theological Seminary, 
and was ordained pastor at North Adams, Aug. 20th, 1840. 
He married, Sept. 30th, 1840, Ellen M., daughter of President 
Griffin of Williams College. Jan. 13th, 1858, he was installed 
in Deerfield, where he still remains an example to his fel- 
lows and an honor to the town. He received the honor- 
ary degree of D. D. from Jefferson College in 1858; he was 
State Senator in 1863. 

Second Congregational Society at Bloody Brook. Rev. Ben- 
jamin Rice, the first pastor, was born in Sturbridge, in 1784; 
graduate of Brown University in 1808; at Andover Theolog- 
ical Seminary 181 1; pastor at Skeneateles, 181 3-1 7, was in- 
stalled here Feb. loth, 18 19; dismissed Dec. 29th, 1826*. 
Pastor at Glocester, Me., 1828-35; at Buxton, Me., 1835--42; 
preached at Winchendon, Mass., 1843-46. Mr. Rice married 
Harriet Barrett of Sharon, Conn.; (2d) Almira Whipple of 
Charlton ; (3d) Lucy Whitney of Winchendon. He died 
July 1 2th, 1847. 

Tertius S. Clarke was born in Westhampton in 1799; grad- 
uated from Yale in 1824; studied theology at Auburn; or- 
dained here Oct. 3d, 1827; dismissed April 1st, 1833; pastor at 
Haddam, Conn., 1835-37; ^t Stockbridge, 1837-50; at Penn 
Yan, N. Y., 1850-53; at Franklin, N. Y., 1853; D. D., Hamil- 
ton College, 1856. 

Rev. William M. Richards was born at Hartford, Conn., in 
1805; graduated from Williams College in 1832; studied 
theology at Auburn; ordained at Bloody Brook, Nov. 25th, 
1835; dismissed Sept. 6th, 1843; pastor at Norwich, N. Y., 
1844-45; '^t Oxford, N. Y., 1846; at Hamilton, N. Y., 1847-50; 
at Morrisville, N. Y., 1850-52; removed to Waukegan, 111., 

Rev. Abraham Jackson was born in Carver in 1793; grad- 
uated from Bangor Theological Seminary; ordained pastor 
at Machias, Mc, 1821 ; dismissed 1834; pastor at Kingston, 

*" 1825, April I2th, Priest Rice's house raised." Diarv of Rufus Rice. 


1834; at Walpole, N. H., 1838-45; installed at Bloody Brook, 
Oct. 22d, 1845; dismissed 1847; preached a year or two at 
Machias, and until 1852 at Qucchee, Vt., and after thai at 
Windsor, Vt. He became a Unitarian after leaving here, 
and was at Waverly, Iowa, in 1872. 

Rev. Moses K. Cross was born in Danvers in 1812; grad- 
uated from Amherst in 1838, and from the Theological 
school of Andover; ordained pastor at Palmer in 1842; dis- 
missed 1849; installed pastor here, Sept. 4th, 1850. 

Rev. Perkins K. Clark graduated at Yale in 1838, where he 
was tutor; installed at Bloody Brook June 29th, 1859; <^i^- 
missed Sept. 26th, 1865. 

Rev. Edward O. Bartlett, chaplain in the war of the Rebel- 
lion; installed Jan. 17th, 1867; dismissed in 1868; settled in 
Providence, and was successor of Dr. Todd at Pittsfield ; now 
pastor at Lynnfield. 

Rev. Simeon Miller came from the First Church in Hol- 
yoke; installed April 13th, 1870; dismissed 1872. 

Rev. Charles S. Brooks graduated at Amherst in 1863; in- 
stalled Jan. 14th, 1873; dismissed April 17th, 1877; now set- 
tled pastor in Putnam, Ct. 

Rev. Spencer R. Brownell graduated at Amherst in 1872; 
teacher in Japan several years ; ordained tenth pastor of this 
church, July 2d, 1878. 

Monument Church. A serious difficulty arising in the com- 
munity at Bloody Brook, a party seceded from the Second 
Church, built a meetinghouse in 1848, and organized the 
"Monument Church," Jan. 25th, 1849. 

Rev. David A. Strong was born at Haddam, Ct., in 1820; 
graduated at Williams in 1845; at the Theological Institute 
of Windsor, Ct., in 1843; was ordained first pastor March 
21st, 1849. This church reunited with the Second Church, 
Sept. 26th, 1865, and Mr. vStrong was dismissed. He was a 
representative to the General Court from District No. 4 in 

The Methodist Society at Bloody Brook was organized in 
1843, and built a meetinghouse in 1848. Dedication sermon 
by Rev. Mr. Raymond of Wilbraham. First pastor, Rev. 
Francis Griswold. Following him were C. A. Perry, John 
Smith, 1849; Wm. F. LaCount, 1851 ; Wm. H. Hubbard, 1853; 
Randall Mitchell, 1854; David Todd, 1855; E. A. Standish, 


1856; Carpenter, 1857; M. D. Herrick, i860; R. Gerrish, 

1861 ; O. W. Adams, 1862 ; J. M. Clark, 1866; J. Cad well, 1868; 
Andrew Baylies, 1870; (Mrs. Mary J., his wife, married Oct. 
9th, 1857, died at Bloody Brook, July 9th, 1871); N. M. D. 
Granger, 1873; N. J. Merrill, 1875; C. E. Seaver, 1876; A.R. 
Nichols, 1879; H. G. Buckingham, 1880; S. A. Bragg, 1882; 
J. J. Woodbury, 1884; H. G. Clark, 1885. 

TJie Baptist CJmrcJi of SJiclburne and Deerficldw2iS organized 
Feb. 26th, 1787. Deacon Daniel Long was called to the pas- 
toral office, Aug. 27th, 1 791, and was ordained at his own 
house in Shelburne, Sept. 19th, 1792. He was a faithful min- 
ister of this church until his death, May 31st, 1831. In 1794 
the question of building a meetinghouse began to be agitated. 
Before 1806 one had been partly built, and perhaps finished. 
In 1809 it was agreed to build a meetinghouse between Elder 
Long's and Aaron Hawks's. The same year the Deerfield 
part of the society agreed to build a meetinghouse in Wis- 
dom. This was finished in 18 10. On the death of Elder Long 
the Shelburne people withdrew, and the church was reorgan- 
ized in Wisdom, under the title of the " First Baptist Society 
in Deerfield." Some trouble arising, a party seceded and 
formed the " Second Baptist Society in Deerfield." Nov. 25th, 
1823, this society took the name of the " Long Baptist Society 
of Deerfield." Feb. 20th, 1834, the "First Baptist Church in 
Deerfield," was dissolved by a majority of one vote, and the 
minority applied to the church of Sunderland to be organized 
as a branch of that church. A council met June, 1834, which 
decided that the church was not dissolved, and could not be 
by a simple vote. The trouble continuing, a second council, 
Aug 27th, advised the aggrieved members to ask for letters 
of dismissal. 

Orra Martin, who was the first minister of this church, was 
succeeded in 1837 by W. H. Dalrymple. Edward Hale was 
the minister 1841-5, when Geo. W. Bills was settled; Milo 
F rary and W. A. Pease supplied at times. Of late there has 
been no regular preaching. The " Long Baptist Society" was 
supplied by Tristram Aldrich for about seven or eight years, 
when the two societies reunited. 

The Roman Catholic church at Bloody Brook was organ- 
ized in 1 87 1. It occupies the building erected by the " Mon- 
ument Society" in 1848. 



Little will be vsaid of the political parties in the town, but 
the vote for governor for forty-eight years, given below, will 
show that Deerfield was generally with the dominant party; 
when otherwise, the name of the successful candidate is first 





Total Vote. 


Candidates. Total Vole 


John Hancock 



Increase Sumner 



( t it 


James Sullivan 



it t ( 



Increase Sumner 


James Bowdoin 



Caleb Strong 


Nalh'l Graham 


Theodore Sedgwick 



John Hancock 



Caleb Strong 


James Bowdoin 


Ed H. Robb'ins 


Nath'i Graham 



Caleb Strong 



James Bowdoin 



" " 


Thomas Cushinij 


El bridge Gerry 


Benj. Lincoln 



Caleb Strong 



James Bowdoin 



n t « 


John Worlhington 


James Sullivan 


Nalh'l Graham 



Caleb Strong 



John Hancock 


James Sullivan 


James Bowdoin 


1 807 

* * " 


Benj. Lincoln 


Caleb Strong 



John Hancock 


Solomon Smead 


Elbridge Gerry 



James Sullivan 



John Hancock 


Christopher Gore 


James Bowdoin 



Christopher Gore 



John Hancock 


Levi Lincoln 


James Bowdoin 



Elbridge Gerry 


'79 1 

John Hancock 


Christopher Gore 

26 1 

Thomas Russell 



Elbridge Gerry 


Benj. Lincoln 


Christopher Gore 



John Hancock 



Caleb Strong 


Azor Orne 


Elbridgc Gerry 



John Hancock 



Caleb Strong 


El bridge Gerry 



* ' t« 


J 794 

Samuel Adams 



* * " 


William C^U'^hing 



1 1)1)11 Brooks 


Elbridgc r,t;rry 



" " 


James Sullivan 



i 1 ' 1 1 


J 795 

Samuel .Adams 





William Gushing 



• ( It 



Samuel Adams 



* * '* 


Increase Sumner 



1 1 tt 



Increase Sumner 



William Eustice 


James Sullivan 

1 1 

Harrison Gray Otis 


Moses Gill 



William Eustice 



Total Vote 

William C. Jarvis 


Elihu Hoyt 


Levi Lincoln 


? Jackson 


Lewis Strong 


Elihu Hoyt 



Year. Candidates. Total Vote. Year. 

Samuel Lothrop 183 

1825 Levi Lincoln 103 

1826 " " 18 1828 
Samuel Hubbard 61 
William Sullivan 23 
Samuel C. Allen 2 

1827 Levi Lincoln 62 

Political. During the formative period following the peace 
of 1783, this town did not take'an active part in political af- 
fairs, but she was in full accord with Washington and Adams, 
and those favoring a close federation of the states and the 
constitution finally adopted. Gratefully remembering the 
aid rendered by France in the critical time of the Revolu- 
tion, our people were now in sympathy with those who had 
thrown off the fetters of monarchy and declared France a 
republic. This feeling was clearly shown in a 4th of July 
celebration in 1794, a part of a contemporary report of which 
is given below: — 

Yesterday a number of patriotic citizens of this and the adjacent 
towns assembled at Samuel Barnards Esc], and formed in procession 
precisely at 12 o'clock; and at the discharge of the federal salute, 
the procession moved by a circuitous march to the meetinghouse, in 
tlie following order: — 

Two Sergeants with advanced arms 


Detatchment of Artillery with a field piece and standard 

Master of Ceremonies 




Military officers 

A well adapted energetic discourse was delivered by the Rev. 
John Taylor; after which, the procession moved by a retrograde 
march to Samuel Barnards Esq and mutually congratulated each 
other on the auspicious day. 'I'he company repaired to Citizen 
Consider Dickinson's and partook of a decent repast. After dining 
the following toasts were given: — 

1 The day — The glorious anniversary of our Independence; May 
we annually celebrate the freedom of Empires. 

2 Our illustrious Presideni' — May his wisdom convey us safely 
thro' the present as well as former tempests. 

3 The Commonwealth of Massachusetts — May the purity and 
frequency of our elections preclude the necessity of Popular Socie- 

4 The American Republic — May she shun the rocks on which 
former republics have been dashed, and never want heroes to de- 
fend her rights. (A song) 

812 POLITICAL — WAR ()!■ l8l2. 

5. May the icrms Tvkanny and Slavery soon become sounds 
without ideas. 

6 The Ri(;hts of Mrn — May they be universally known and 


7. No European tincture in American Politics. 

8. May America rightly know and estimate her privileges. 

9. An adequate compensation to the Virtuous Mali ita of Mas- 
sachusetts — (a song) 

10. The Military Art — May its professors continue the asserters 
and defenders of our rights. 

11. May the soil of America ever prove luipropitioiis to the seeds 
of Arristocracy. 

12 The Slave Trade — May its advocates be taught its use in an 
Algirine School (Drum and fifes — a cheer) 
13. Agriculture, Arts, and Science — (a song) 

14 The brave Fayette — May he ere long reap the rich crop of 
Liberty, sown by his patriotic exertions in America. 

15 The fair Daughters of Columbia— May their virtues heighten 
the enjoyments of freedom, and soften the misfortunes of life. 

The remainder of the day was spent in decent hilarity; each eye 
sparkled with joy while strains of gratitude poured from every 
tongue! — not like the strains which monarchs' ears salute — they 
were the generous effusions of hearts warm with the love of their 
Country, and rejoicing with the emancipation of this and our sister 
republic France. 

Two years later, July 4th, 1796, there wa.s a similar gath- 
ering at the meetino:house to listen to a " very patriotic and 
well adapted prayer by Rev. Roger Newton of Green (ickl, 
and a nervous and patriotic oration by Rev. John Taylor," 
after which the company " repaired to the festive board, and 
partook of convivial entertaintnent and drank a number of 
toasts." In 179S the day was celebrated in a similar manner, 
Taylor was again the orator and gave an address big with 
the spirit of the times. This was emphatically an " Adams 
and Liberty " celebration. 

When political parties became organized under the admin- 
istration of John Adams, Deerfield became a "Federal " town, 
being opposed to the " Democratic Republican" party, under 
Thomas Jefferson. The Federalists dominated the town un- 
til the close of the war of 18 12, when in the "era of good 
feelino; " which followed the settlement of great military and 
political questions, old parties became extinct. The princi- 
pal elements of this party, however, gathered again, about 
1828, as the "Whig" party. In the next great contest for 
freedom the Whigs were generally absorbed in the " Repub- 
lican " party of to-day. The " Democratic Republican " party 


soon dropped the Democratic half of its name, and as the 
"Republican" party under the lead of Jefferson, soon got 
control of the general government and held the reins until 
after the war of 1812. Its elements were gradually collected 
and about 1828 the name of " Democratic" was adopted by a 
party which still bears the name. 

As will be seen by the foregoing table of votes, Deerfield 
did not engage earnestly in party politics until the Republi- 
cans, who followed Jefferson, were doing all in their power 
to involve the United States in a war with the Continental 
powers, as an ally of France. With Republicanism merged 
in despotism in that unhappy land, the sympathy of our peo- 
ple had been smothered in hatred of the new oppressors ; and 
the opposition to the Rupublican party was united at the polls, 
almost to a man. The Federal vote jumped in two years 
from forty-five to two hundred and fourteen, while the Re- 
publican party mustered one vote. The average vote of this 
later party for the sixteen years it was in power was a trifle 
over 6. For six of these years not a Republican vote was 

The warning of Washington against entangling alliances 
with foreign powers seems to have been a strong factor in the 
political action of Deerfield. For the first decade under the 
constitution the total average annual vote for governor was 
3 1.7 ; and for the second decade only 42. For the first sixteen 
years of the century the average vote was 242.6. 

Before me lies a letter written in one of those periods, fa- 
miliar to old men : " A crisis in the affairs of the country." 
We smile as we read the customary statement that, "on the 
result of tJiis election, as on that of no other since the Qrovern- 
ment was founded, does the life of the nation depend." The 
letter is from Capt. David Hoyt, Jr., tavern-keeper, to Jona- 
than McGee of Colrain. He tells him " the Indefatigable In- 
dustry of those People who are unfriendly to the Federal In- 
terest, is perhaps without a paralel. Every Art is used to de- 
lude the People, to draw off their Affections from those who 
have faithfully served out their lives in their Country's 
cause." Every measure of the former administration is repre- 
sented to have been "actuated by designing and selfish views." 
He sends the news just received, that, "the French nation 
has demanded^ — observe the Term demanded — a Loan of 

814 POLITICAL — WAR OI' l8l2. 

six MILLIONS of Dollars of the United States. Should Mr. Jef- 
ferson get Mr. Gerry appointed Governor of this Common- 
wealth * * * would he not use his interest to obtain a 
Land Tax to proeure the money for his dear Friends?" 
He writes Colrain to pool issues in the eoming race. 

We shall be on the turf at one o'clock P. M. with our Horse the 
Sic'i/fsure. He is rather below the common size, we are sensible, 
but sure footed as he is, we risk him * * * \Ve mean to use ev- 
ery exertion in our power, (consistent with constitutional ri.L:jht) to 
train our steed in the best manner. 

This was written a few days before the election of 1802. 
Result of vote in Deerfield, 214 to o. 

At one time there was a serious scare for fear of France. 
It was expected that Napoleon would turn his victorious 
armies this way, and that he would be made welcome by Jef- 
ferson and the Republicans. The dread of the usurper brood- 
ed like a nightmare over the land. Personified evil would be 
a civil name compared to those given him. He was a bogie 
to frighten naughty children and rouse the Federals to new 
activity. A census of men liable to military duty was taken 
in 1806. An official blank of enqtiiry left at one house was 
returned with the following statement : — 

" Not a male in my house, excepting a mouse, 

To repell the bold Corsican foe ; 
But when times are so bad, that men cannot be had 

I, a spinster, will willingly go." 

If taken seriously, as expressing the feeling of the com- 
munity at this time, the above would not have been far out of 
the way. In 1807 a new professorship was established in 
Deerfield Academy. It was for teaching, as we learn from a 
prospectus the, — 

Theoretical and Practical Ar( of IVar, viz.: tactics according 
to Steuben and Dundas. * * * l^ractical Geometry on the 
Ground; Elements of Fortifications, and the constructions of small 
works in the Field; Elements of Gunnery; Topography; military 
History; Partisan war, or war of Posts; * * * These subjects 
will be under the direction of Maj. Hoyt, Brigade Inspector. * * * 
It is believed that the Present Critical Situation of our Country will 
mduce young men to qualify themselves for an honorable defence 
against every hostile attack on their native land and lay a founda- 
tion for Military Glory. 

Hosea Hildreth was principal of the academy at this time 


and was living in the Dr. Willard house where his son Rieh- 
ard, the historian, was born, June 28th. 

1808. In spite of the Deerfield vote of 203 to 16, against 
him, Madison, the Republican candidate, was chosen presi- 
dent. The war fever ran higher and higher. At the town 
meeting, April 4th, the first article in the warrant was : — 

'l"o hear the addresses from the selectmen of the Town of North- 
ampton to the Selectmen of this Town relating to the present dis- 
tracted condition of our National concerns, and to determine wheth- 
er any, and if any, what measures ought to be adopted by the Town 
respecting the same. 

A cominittee of five was chosen to give the matter proper 
consideration. It is clear that our fathers, while adhering- to 
that party which held extreme Federal views, believed this 
to be a government of the people, for the people, and by the 
people, and were alive to the responsibility thereby laid up- 
on them, and that they never shirked the imposed duties. 

July 1 3th, the town bought a new supply of military stores. 
Sept. Lst, the town voted that, — 

John Williams Esq, Ephraim Williams Esq and Mr. Pliny Arms, 
be a Committee to draught and prepare a Petition in behalf the 
Town, to the President of the United States, praying him to suspend 
either wholly or in part, the Embargo Laws, or if he have doubt as 
to the Sufficiency of his power for that purpose, to request him to 
call Congress together as soon as possible. 

Can it be that this action gave the president courage to 
modify the Embargo act in some of its features most offen- 
sive to New England, in spite of the fact that Sunderland, 
abotit the same time, sent him an address in favor of the ob- 
noxious act? ^ ' 

18 II. This year occurred the great fire in Newburyport, 
and " Deerfield people were moved to take up a contribution, 
in aid of the sufferers, and there was raised $94.40." 

War of luiprcssmoit. During the trying times of the polit- 
ical disturbance, business seems to have been stimulated in 
every direction and the substantial fruits of a free govern- 
ment were abundantly gathered. There was a marked in- 
crease in one of the most important productions, and the year 
18 12 proved to be unusually prolific. Mrs. Joanna Smith Wil- 
liams, " Aunt Anne," made a party at her home, now " Frary 
House," at which she gathered twenty-four mothers, each 


with a baby born within the year. Nearly all of were 
of the old Town Street. This was a notable party, and I will 
give the names of the younger moiety. 

Catherine Klizaheih Baniucll James Taylor Saxton 

Lester Barciwell Arabella .Stebbins Sheldon 

Clarinda Caroline Barnard David Sh(jldon 

Sally Jenks Barnard George Washington Sniiih 

Selh Catlin Dennis Stebbins 

Franklin Childs Frances Stebbins 

Stephen Dickinson Jane Temple 

Mary Field Emily Ware 

Martha Hawks Mary Willard 

Nathaniel Hitchcock Caroline Williams 

Marvin Hoyt Mary Ann Williams 

Sophia Hoyt Minerva Williams 

War was declared against England June i8th, but we had 
been practically in a state of war years before. May iith, 
Capt. John Wilson received an order to " detach a Lieut and 
eight privates." I find the list " detached," — whatever that 
may mean — are William Williams, Parsons Smith, vSeth Shel- 
don, Gilbert Hoyt, Sylvan us Dibble, Stephen Harris, Levi 
Stookey and Peleg Chase. I find no occasion for this order. 
I have heard my father, Seth Sheldon, say in reference to this 
war, " I was drafted as a drummer to go to Boston, but we 
did not go." This was probably the occasion, 

July 9th, a special town meeting was called : — 

i^'' To hear the Circular Letters from the selectmen of the Towns 
of Boston, Ndrthainpton and Greenfield, to the selectmen of this 
Town concerning the im]')cnding Calamities of the United States. 

2'' To determine whether they will Petition the President and 
Congress to avert if possible the ruin and horrors of WAR and re- 
store peace and commerce to the nation voted unanimously in y'' 

3. To Express their opinions and feelings respecting an alliance 
with the French nation. [There was a free expression of "opinion 
and feeling" not at all complimentary to Bonaparte and France, and 
resolutions were adopted to be sent to the convention, "A copy to 
be lodged with the clerk." This cannot be found in our archives.] 

4 To determine whether they will choose Delegates to meet other 
Delegates from the Towns in this County and the Counties of Hamp- 
shire and Hampden at Northampton on the 14th of July * * * 
Ephraiin Williams Esq Major Epaphras Hoyt and Pliny Arms Esq, 
were chosen Delegates. 

5. To determine whether they will appoint a Committee of Safety 
and Correspondence * * * Ephraim Williams Esq, Major 
Epaphras Hoyt, Pliny Anns, Esq., Solomon Williams and Riifns 
Saxton, were chosen as such committee. 

6. 'to determine whether they will take any measures respecting 
the cannon belonging to the Town. 


As we have seen, a vote was passed under this article, " not 
to dispose of the two pieces of cannon." Aug. 28th, the town 
voted that " Col. Asa Stebbins, Maj. Epaphras Hoyt, and Capt. 
Samuel Wells, be a committee to build a magazine for the 
Towns Military Stores, near the new Burying ground;" and 
$40 was appropriated for the purpose. Aug. 24th, the amount 
of military stores on hand was reported to be " 117 ^'" Pow- 
der, 260 ^^" Ball, 263 Flints and 6 Tin camp kittles." The 
methods of keeping the town ammunition creep out here and 
there, in various ways. In the earlier days it was the custom 
to store the powder in the meetinghouse, either under the 
pulpit or in the steeple, the two places of all others it would 
seem, the most exposed to an explosion. 

In 1745 a different system prevailed, as shown b}^ a loose 
scrap of paper. That year the selectmen put into the hands 
of James Corse 25 ^^'^ of powder, and of Thomas Wells, Eli- 
jah Williams, Jonathan Ashley, and Jonathan Arms each 20 
'^'\ In 1747, Thomas Wells had charge of 31 "'^ of town 
lead, Elijah Williams 32 "'% Jona. Ashley 50 '^'^ James Corse 
52 "'■'^ and Widow Mary Wells 4oi^^\ 

Probably nothing was done about building a magazine un- 
der the vote of 18 12, for, March 4th, 181 7, "A committee was 
chosen to Report on a magazine for the Town Stock of mili- 
tary stores." The committee, Elihu Hoyt, Solomon Williams, 
and Seth Nims, made a report and were directed " to build a 
magazine on the west end of the new burying ground at the 
east end of Thomas Williams home lot." 

1813. Capt. Elihu Hoyt was a member of the legislature 
this year, and was in Boston at^the time of the duel between 
the "Cheasapeake " and the " Shannon." An extract from his 
note book gives an account of his visit to the former just be- 
fore the fight. 

May 29, went on board the Frigate Chesapeake, stayed 3 or 4 
hours, saw them exercise their great guns <!v: go through all the move- 
ments for attack & defense of a ship in time of battle; was disap- 
pointed, did not find so good discipline as expected, they were not so 
expert at the great guns as 1 expected. Capt Lawrence is a fine 
looking fellow. 

June I. Chesapeake went to sea was taken same day by the 
British Frigate Shannon, went down to see the action, was too late, 
saw the Frigates & the smoke of the guns, but the distance was too 
great to distinguish the movements. Saw 4 or 5 Gun boats at anchor 

818 I'OLITICAL — WAR OF l8l2. 

below the lighthouse, saw them fire their great guns. Got back to 
Boston ab*^ 12 at night. 

June 15th, David Willard, secretary of the " Washington 
Benevolent Society," gave notice of a 4th of July celebration 
in Deerfield, at Cooley's hall. " There will be a meeting at 9 
A. M. to innitiate new members. * * * The Friends of Wash- 
ington and of Correct Principles are respectftilly invited to 
join the Procession & the festivities of the day." 

It was soon found that the " Franklin Celebration at Deer- 
field," had taken such a deep hold on the ptiblic that it out- 
grew its original programme. June 28th another notification 
was sent out by Maj. Hoyt, chairman of committee of arrange- 
ments : — 

Believing that the Public Entertainment, mentioned by the com- 
mittee in the last Herald will not accommodate the number of per- 
sons who wish to testify their respect for the day, and the principles 
of Washington, they have made a different arrangement with Mr 
Cooley, and with pleasure anounce to their bretheren of the Socie- 
ty, and their fellow citizens generally, that our entertainment will 
be provided in the field with suitable accomodations, and provisions 
for 600 persons. Tickets furnished by Mr Cooley for 75 cts. The 
refreshments will consist of a cold cut of ham, beef, lamb, crackers, 
bread, cheese &:c, together with an exhilerating supply of brandy, 
spirits, & wine. 

In times like the present 'tis presumed that this arrangment will 
meet the cordial approbation of every friend to his country and to 
social order. 

The celebration was a great success. Col. Newcomb, pres- 
ident of the day, made the opening address. After prayer by 
Rev. Samuel Willard. an oration was delivered by George 
Grenell, Jr., of Greenfield ; and Edward Hitchcock made " a 
spirited, eloquent, and appropriate address which was re- 
ceived with universal applatise." This was afterwards print- 
ed. After this solid feed there followed a dessert in the form 
of seventeen toasts, and the responses thereto. This was no 
doubt accompanied and made more palatable by the " exhil- 
erating supply of" liquids, mentioned in the programme. 

While Deerfield furnished the place for this celebration, 
she also provided the orator for an opposition celebration the 
same day. The Republicans met at Bernardston, with Ro- 
dolphus Dickinson as the central figure. He was doubtless 
Deerfield's only representative of that party; but being in such 
a hopeless minority he did not even cast a vote. His oration 


was lauded to the skies, the eulogist thinks, " a specimen of 
eloquence, so Splendid, Classical and Patriotic ought to have 
a permanent abode in the annals of Literature." Probably 
this justice was not done it, as these annals have been 
searched for it in vain. 

1 8 14. Sept. 6th, Gov. Brooks issued a general order calling 
upon the militia of the State, " to hold themselves in readi- 
ness to march at a moment's warning." Special orders were 
sent out at the same time for a certain specified number of 
companies to march at once to Boston ; these included four 
companies of the 4th Division, These companies are to be 
reorganized when they reach Boston, and " will form the 
Elite or Advanced Corps of the Massachusetts militia." The 
Governor also orders that " 16 companies of Infantry from 
the 4 Div. be arranged into two regiments properly officered 
to march to Boston with the Least unnessary delay." 

Sept. 9th, Major General Ebenezer Mattoon of Amherst, 
commander of the 4th Division, orders Brig. Gen. Isaac Malt- 
by of Hatfield, to detach from his brigade, eight companies 
of Infantry, three of Light Infantry, and two of Artillery; 
the Light Infantry and Artillery to "march forthwith to 
Boston without waiting for each other or any other corp." 
The Infantry regiment of the 2d Brigade was to rendez- 
vous at New Salem. Brig. Gen. Maltby is made "comman- 
der-in-chief of the Elite or Advanced Corps." Maltby's or- 
der is not found, but on that same Sept. 9th, Lieut. Col. Wil- 
liam Edwards issued his orders to the two Artillery com- 
panies of his regiment to march " to Boston without delay." 
The Artillery company at Northfield received this order the 
same day at 7 o'clock, p. m., and on the i ith took up its line 
of march and entered the camp at South Boston, Sept. i8th. 
While this exodus of troops to Boston was going on, there 
were two companies of Infantry at Deerfield ; the north com- 
pany officered by Capt. Thomas W. Ashley, Lieut. Charles 
Hitchcock and Ens. Josiah Lyman Arms ; the south company 
by Capt. Zebina Russell, Lieut. Zebediah Graves and Ensign 
David Wright. I do not find evidence to prove that either 
of these companies was detached under Maltby's orders, but 
probably they made part of the force raised. I find some ev- 
idence that a company marched from Greenfield under Capt. 
David vStrickland, Lieut. Theodore D. Lyman, and Ensign 

820 POLITICAL — WAR OF l8l2, 

Thomas Gilbert. Capt. Strickland was certainly at the South 
Boston camp in some capacity. Lieut. Samuel Coolidge of 
Colrain is also found there. Deerfield was well represented, 
at least, by staff and line officers, Epaphras Hoyt, Brigade 
major ; John C. Ho3't, Brigade quartermaster ; Stephen W. 
Williams, surgeon's mate; George P. Field, fife major; all on 
the staff of Brig. Gen. Maltby, and John Wilson, major of 2d 
regiment. The time of service was about two months, when, 
the scare being over, the camp broke up and the soldiers be- 
came citizens again, with no deeds of martial valor to recount 
and no scent of British powder in their garments. The camp 
was made a sort of picnic ground. We find on one day the 
following as Deerfield visitors: Elihu Hoyt, Dr. William S. 
Williams and wife, with children Delia and Ephraim; Maj. 
Wilson's wife and her sister, Nancy or Lucretia ; Capt. Sam- 
uel Wells and his wife ; Quartus Wells, his wife and son Ben- 
jamin, with Ralph Williams, William Barnard, and 

Catlin on the road there. 

The following are known to have been soldiers in the war 
of 1 81 2. Time and place of service unknown: — 

Israel Boyden Ephraim Lanfair William Palmer 

Samuel Krink Robert L. Lanfair Moses Rice 

Alvin Goodenough William Loveridge Stephen Smith 

Moses Hawks Ichabod Nelson Zur Sweet 

James Hogan Jeremiah Newton 

During the war, party animosity had raged fiercely and bit- 
terly; on the return of peace the old parties gradually dis- 
solved. The mission of the Federalists was accomplished ; 
the Republicans had learned the true character of the French 
Revolution and had seen the folly of attempting to mingle in 
the wars of Europe, and all united in the support of the Con- 
stitution. The RejDublican leaders were glad to be well quit 
of the war. It had indeed brought brilliant and unexpected 
victories over the " Mistress of the Seas," but the treaty of 
peace did not secure to us a single disputed point on which 
the war was declared. The party fever having died out, what 
was called the " Era of Good Feeling " prevailed, until about 
1824-8, when the Democratic and the Wliig parties grew up, 
nearly equally dividing the community. The former still 
exists, but in 1855 the Whigs were absorbed by the Republi- 
can party of to-day. This is true broadly stated, but in the 


slavery contest many Democrats became Republicans and 
some Whigs joined the Democrats. 

In the onslaught upon Masonry under the Morgan excite- 
ment, Deerfield was with the anti-Masons, and an anti-Ma- 
sonic newspaper was started here in 1830, by Gen. Hoyt. 

Deerfield cm the Right of Petition. The anti-slavery move- 
ment obtained an early foothold here, and here were some of 
the stoutest advocates of the cause. At the time John Ouin- 
cy Adams, " The Old Man Eloquent," was bravely fighting 
the battle of freedom at Washington, against the whole pow- 
er of both parties, a controlling element here was in sympa- 
thy with him and sent him words of cheer. April 2d, 1838, 
a town meeting was called to act on the following article : — 

1 To consider and determine the expediency of remonstrating 
with the Congress of the United States against the infringement of 
the right of petition, and the abridgment of the freedom of debate, 

2 Of petitioning Congress for the passage of a law for the protec- 
tion of the citizens of the north, while passing through, or sojourn- 
ing m the slave holding states, 

3 Of petitioning Congress for the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and the territories of the United States, and 
for the suppression of the slave trade in said District, and between 
the States. 

[The action on the above was as follows: — ] 

Art. I, Sec. i. Resolved That the right of petition is the barrier 
against the aggression of rulers upon the public, essential for the 
protection of the rights of minorities, and the last right which a 
people determined to be free, should surrender, or permit to be 

Resolved That the resolution of the House of Representatives, 
passed at the present session of Congress, by which it declared that 
all petitions of the people relating in any way to the subject of slav- 
ery, shall be laid on the table without being read, printed, debated, 
referred, or any action had thereon, is a violation of the constitu- 
tion, a virtual denial of the sacred right of petition, an insult to the 
sovereignty of the people, at war with the fundamental principles of 
our government, dangerous to the union of the States, and an alarm- 
ing precedent, threatening the entire subversion of republican liber- 

Resolved That the people of Deerfield, in the county of Franklin, 
and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in their Municipal character, 
protest against this unwarrantable and dangerous assumption of 
authority, and earnestly invoke and demand of Congress the rescind- 
ing the aforesaid resolutions. 

Sec. 2. Resolved That the Constitution of the United States has 
guaranteed 'to the citizens of each State all privileges, and immuni- 
ties of Citizens of the Several States.' 

That this professed guaranty is a falsehood and mockery so long 


as free citizens of those states which do not tolerate slavery, are not 
permitted peaceabl}'' to reside or travel in certain other states, where 
the mere suspicion of entertaining the principles of the American 
Declaration of Independence, subjects them to insult, outrage, 
stripes, imprisonment, and even death without the forms of law: — So 
long as Senators and Representatives of states where slavery exists, 
are permitted without rebuke, or censure, in their places in Con- 
gress, before the whole American people, to threaten with mutilation 
or death, free citizens who shall be found within their borders: — So 
long as citizens ot some of the states found in other states, may un- 
der the laws of those states be arrested and imprisoned on the sus- 
picion that they are fugitive slaves, and even after suspicion has 
been proved unfounded, may be sold as slaves for the payment of 
their prison fees, 

'^"^Resolved That this state of things imperiously demands of Con- 
gress to devise means for the effectual protection of the citizens of 
free states while passing through or sojourning in the slave states. 

Sec. 3. Resolved That Congress has a constitutional right to abol- 
ish slavery in the District of Columbia, and in the territories subject 
to the jurisdiction of the United States; and also to prohibit the 
slave trade in said District and territories, and between the states. 

Resolved That Congress is required without delay to exercise this 
right, equally by the principles of justice, benevolence and national 
faith, and a wise regard for the welfare, integrity, and permanence 
of the union. 

Resolved That Henry K. Hoyt, George Dickinson, Luther ]!. Lin- 
coln, John Hawks, and Jonathan A. Saxton, be a Committee to pre- 
pare a remonstrance and memorial to Congress on the subject of the 
foregoing resolutions; and that the said memorial, together with a 
copy of these resolutions, certified by the Town Clerk, be transmit- 
ted to the Hon. John Quincy Adams, with a recpiest that he woukl 
present them to the House of Representatives. 



Libraries. The first public library of which any evidence 
has been found was called the " Union Library^ It was prob- 
ably established soon after the close of the Revolution. In 
1798 David Saxton sold one share in it to Dr. Wm. vS. Wil- 
liams, for one pound sterling. It was not long after that this 
library was broken up and the books divided among the share- 
holders. A list of those assigned John Sheldon, is given as 
showing the material of the library and the mental food of 
the period : — 

Moores Journals & Travels [In France, Spain & Italy] 4 vols. % 4.67 

2 vols. European magazine & Jays sermons 3.25 

Steadmans American War, 2 vols. 3.50 

Annual Necrology 3.00 • 

Female Quixotism 1.12 

Voltaires Letters, i vol. . 1.84 


Many volumes from this Union Library, identified by its 
book plate, have been gathered from old garrets and closets, 
and find a resting place in Memorial Hall. 

The " Social Library " is found early in the century, a flour- 
ishing institution which long had its home in an upper room 
of the old corner store, on the Parson Williams home lot. 
Monthly meetings for drawing books were held for many 
years. Its beginning is unknown, but it was a prominent 
factor in keeping up the intellectual character of the town. 
This library may have been a successful rival to the "Union," 
taking the place it left vacant, but it did not absorb its treas- 
ures, tor the book plate of the " Union" is not often met with 
in the " Social." A catalogue of the " Social Library " in 1835, 
after it had begun to break up, and an uncertain number of 
shares had been withdrawn, shows nine hundred and forty- 
seven volumes, classified as follows : — 

Family Library 

74 vols. 

Farmers department 

ig vols 

18 " 


12 " 

81 " 


lOI " 






4 vols. 

Philosophy & Science 

40 vols. 

Ma)j;;izines bound 

gs •• 


46 " 


77 " 

Political Economy 

55 ■' 

Natural History 

17 " 

Travels & Voyages 

133 " 


9C) " 

Theology and Ethics 

73 •* 

This library imported books directly from England. In 
its later years the Social Library became, or rather contin- 
ued, too conservative for efficient service. It fell behind the 
times, and Young America demanded progress. 

The ^^ Deer field Reading Association'' was organized in 1840, 
and after many migrations at last found a home for many 
years in Grange Hall. It began with the leading American 
and foreign magazines, and as it acquired means, bought the 
modern histories by Parkman, Palfrey, Prescott, Motley, Ban- 
croft, &c. The members met weekly for drawing books, 
and for over forty years all other village meetings gave it 
the right of way for Thursday evening, and " Library Night " 
witnessed a social gathering as well as a business meeting. 
In its old age the Social Library found a shelter under the 
wing of the Reading Association, but when the " Dickinson 
Free Library" was founded, through the munificent gift of 
Mrs. Esther Dickinson, the Social was given by its sharehold- 
ers to the P. V. M. Association. In 1884, the library of the 
Reading Association, about eleven hundred bound volumes 
beside magazines, was presented by its owners to the Dickin- 
son Free Library. This latter also absorbed the considerable 
library of the Deerfield Academy, when that institution was 
united with the Dickinson high school. 

'' Second Social Library y I do not know the beginning or 
history of this organization. Its name would indicate that it 
was a rival of the "Social." It appears to be its contempo- 
rary. The following declaration is found, Dec. 7th, iSoi : — 

The Proprietors of the Second Social Library, being desirous of 
forming ourselves into a society or Body Politic for the purpose of 
holding, increasing, preserving, and using, said Library according 
to Law * * * do each agree to pay the Treasurer on demand 
$6.00 and not less than $4.00 annually for that purpose. 

Outsiders are allowed to join only on a unanimous vote by 
ballot and paying an amount equal to what existing mem- 
bers have already paid in, and signing the covenant. Mem- 
bers wishing to withdraw could have the value of their share 
in books set off to them by a committee, at an appraised val- 


tie. By a provision in the covenant " No By Law or regula- 
tion shall be made which shall contravene this Covenant, or 
any part of it, except by a unanimous vote of the Corpora- 
tion." This covenant was signed by, — 

John Taylor, Asa Stebbins, Elijah Williams. 

Hezekiah Wright Strong, Epaphras Hoyt, Wtn. Stoddard Williams, 

Solomon Williams, Ebenezer Barnard, Jr., Rutus Sa.xton. 

Members voted in : — 

John Williams, 1801, Orlando Ware, 1803, John Wilson, 1806, 

Elihu Hoyt, 1802, Erastus Barnard, 1S05, George Arms, iSii. 

John Hubbard, 1802, Pliny Arms, 1S06, 

Samuel Clesson, 1S02, Thomas W. Ashley, 1806, 

Men joining later: — 

Stephen W. Williams, Asa Stebbins, Jr., Henry K. Hoyt. 

Zenas Hawks, John G. Williams, 

Eb. Hinsdale Williams, Edwin Ware, 

January 21st, 1802, the $6.00 to be paid "on demand" was 
demanded by " Ep. Hoyt Treasurer of the Corporation." 

A catalogue of one hundred and eighty-eight volumes has 
been found, and it would be hard to find another of its size 
containing more solid meat. If gauged by its mental food, 
our community must have had the intellectual digestive 
powers of an ostrich. A few specimens follow : — 

Adams' Philosophical Lectures, Davison's Botanical Garden, 

Asiatic Dessertations, 4 vols. History of Tepoo Sultans Wars, 

Batie on Truth, Memoirs of Voltaire, 

Benyowski's Travels, 7 vols. Rushes' Moral Essays, 

Burlie on the Sublime, Stewart's Philosophy of the Mind, 

D'Auville's Ancient Geography, Tomes Memoirs of Frederick the Great, 

Dow's History of Hindostan, 3 vols. Volney's Travels. 

There were also standard classics by Barrous, Belknap, 
Bruce, Gibbon, Goldsmith, Hubbard, Hume, Hutchinson, 
Mavor, Minot, Park, Robertsoii, Smollet, Trumbull, &c. I 
have said I did not know the beginning of this enterprise, 
neither have I any knowledge of its location or fate. 

In the last decade of the i8th and the first quarter of the 
19th century, Deerfield seems to be well stocked with libra- 
ries. Another of this period was a '''Military Library;'' this 
was kept in connection with the Social Library; it fell into the 
hands of the writer with the old corner store, and it is now in 
the library of the P. V. M. Association. Here also may be 
found the remains of 2in"- Agricultural Library'' founded in 
1 8 14. About fifty years ago a second Agricultural Library was 
started. The following gives the only clue I have to another 


literary club. At a sheriff's sale at " E. Barnards tavern," 
Sept. 1 6th, 1806, Rufus Saxton advertised to sell among other 
personal property, "Ebenezer Barnards right in the Social Li- 
brary & his right to the Encyclopedia owned by a company in 

Juvenile Library. Taking note that the intellectual pabu- 
lum so abundant here was hardly adapted to the mentality 
of youth, Rev. Mr. Willard in 1827 started a project which 
resulted in a library especially for the boys and girls. A fund 
was raised by subscription from fifty-nine people in the north' 
part of the town. The declared object was, — 

To aid and encourage the young in cultivating a taste for reading 
& to diffuse among them in the easiest & most interesting manner, 
the great principles of religion & virtue which are common to all 
christians, which are the most important to a useful and happy life. 

This proved a succCvSS, to which I can certify from personal 
experience. It was kept at the house of the minister and 
finally became the basis of the Sunday school library of the 
First Congregational society. Before the advent of this libra- 
ry the children had next to nothing to read. In my father's 
family there were two or three primers and as many chap 
books; " The cries of London " and the " Life of Daniel Lam- 
bert," are the only ones I can recall. A good library has been 
recently established at Bloody Brook. 

Societies — The Literary Adelphi. This was organized Aug. 
6th, 1804. The earliest record relating to this society is found 
in the postscript to the following note : — 

To John Wilson, Esq. 

Sir, Agreeable to a vote of the Society of the 'Literary Adel- 
phi,' the undersigned, a Committee for the purpose, request that 
y(iu would grant them a copy of an oration, delivered by you, on a 
former anniversary, before our Society; to be deposited in our ar- 
chives, for the benefit of the Society. Very respectfully Vours 

William H. Williams. 
Edward Hiichcock. 
Deerfield, 12 J any, 181 3. John C. Hoyt. 

P. S. The Committee beg leave to enquire what Oentlemen have 
delivered orations previous to the year 1809? 

Capt. John Wilson was made an honorary member in 1810; 
Daniel Wells, afterwards Chief Justice Massachtisetts vSu- 
preme Court, in 1810; Capt. Elihu Hoyt, in 1811 : Oliver Coo- 
ley, in 1813. 


Although it had " frequent and stated meetings," no rec- 
ords of this society have been found. What of its history is 
here given is gleaned from a few tattered papers, found here 
and there. By these it appears to have been a large and in- 
fluential association and was "in a very flourishing condition" 
in 1817, and it certainly survived long after the above date, 
and made an abiding mark on the community. 

" The Xonng Ladies Literary Society" was organized early in 
1813. The long preamble to its constitution is headed : — 

Happiness is the ^reat and only pursuit of man\ [it continues] schemes 
for its attainment are every day invented, and as often found fruit- 
less and vain. Many are allured by the charms of sensual pleasure- 
pleased with the flowers that are strewed along, they do not perceive 
the thorns that lie concealed under them — others attracted by the 
allurements of fortune and high life soon find but a vacuum. 

[The young women think the' true road lies through the intellect 
and so:] Perceiving that science and literature are the greatest 
promoters of human happiness, and that their tendency is to exault 
in the highest degree the character of man * * * ^j^(j knowing 
that the happiness rests on his moral excellence * * * t\\2X 
the enlargment of the mind is almost inseperably connected with the 
cultivation of the heart — the study of science and literature is an 
object supremely worthy the pursuit of rational beings — the elevated 
sentiments and high examples which poetry, eloquence, history, are 
often bringing under our view, naturally tend to nourish public spir- 
it, contempt of external fortune, and the admiration of what is truly 
illustrious and great. By Science and literature the soul is taught 
to unfold its powers, to enlighten, expand, and embellish the mind, 
to cultivate and purify the heart. 

[On this high plane the young ladies would build, and, — ] 

In order to render mutual assistance in the acquirement of these 
important objects, that we may walk hand in hand in the paths of 
learning and virtue, which are alone the paths of peace, we who have 
subscribed our names, have thought proper to form ourselves into a 
Society for these purposes. [That their walks hand in hand should 
be less liable to interruption it was made a secret society.] 

Every person before hearing the constitution of this Society shall 
take the following affirmation, to wit: You promise before this So- 
ciety, whether you become a member or not, that you will not di- 
rectly or indirectly reveal anything concerning the laws or internal 
regulations thereof. 

Having never affirmed as above, I feel no scruple in giving 
some points in the constitution. I shall not give the real 
" internal " name of this society, which is not the one at the 
head of this notice, for the reason that I do not know it. The 
name is left blank, and is the one "secret" of the society 
which all these years have kept. The constitution was an 


elaborate and cumbersome affair of seventeen articles. The 
president and vice president were chosen to serve eight 
weeks ; the stated meetings were once in two weeks; " Philo- 
sophical or Literary questions" were to be provided for each 
meeting for '• regular discussion or social investigation." 
Liberty was given every member to present " original com- 
munications on any subject of science, literature or the do- 
mestic arts ; or the description of any remarkable occurance 
or phenomena in nature. Those approved by the committee 
to be preserved in the Archives." 

Members were admitted only by a unanimous vote. If no 
lady objected, gentlemen might be made honorary members. 
The records of the meetings have not been found, neither 
the archives, and the full results are not forthcoming. But 
we know that one young lady who signed the constitution 
was employed not long after to calculate eclipses, and assist 
in other astronomical observations needful for President 
Edward Hitchcock's famous almanac. 

Subjects discussed at the meetings for four years are record- 
ed, with the decision of the president, but as this was always 
" on the weight of the arguments adduced by the sides, with- 
out any regard to the true merits of the question or the real 
sentiments of the President," little knowledge of the senti- 
ments of the young women of those days can be gathered. 
Curiously enough, however, after the flourish of trumpets at 
the organization, the question, "Ought ladies to endeavour to 
excell in the sciences?" was decided in the negative. What 
influences brought the strongest forces on the wrong side 
does not appear, but apparently the society was wrecked on 
that occasion, as that appears to be the last question ever de- 
bated by the association. Those who signed the constitution 
were : — 

Elvira Wells, Catherine S. Gorman, luiialloyt, 

Sophronia Smith, Harriet Lyman, Miranda Wright, 

Delia Williams, Fidelia Wells, Hannah White, 

Sophia Arms, Orra White, Julia Ann Chapman, 

Lucinda E. Cooley, Martha Arms, Emilia A. Cooley, 

Harriet J. Cooley, Sophia Catlin, Mary Hridgman, 

F^anny Smith, Lucinda Nims, Mary DeWoif, 

Clarissa Dickinson, Emily Trowbridge, Mary P. Amsden. 

Lucy Arms, Louisa Wright, Marcia Hoyden, 

Emila Hitchcock, Rebecca Jackson, Sarah Huel Goodhue, 

Fanny Hoyt, Elizabeth Dennison, Rheue Cooley, 

Catherine Catlin, Mercy Darling, Miry Arms Lyman. 


The " Literary Adelphi" was succeeded by other Adelphis, 
and the "Young Ladies Literary society" has had many 
worthy successors. Probably there was no time in the first 
half of this century when one or more similar organizations 
were not in active operation, and they brought upon the 
platform at Deerfield, not only her own citizens of note, but 
some of the leading thinkers of the nation ; statesmen, ju- 
rists, orators and divines. Among those who have graced 
the platform are Benjamin R. Curtis, George Bancroft, Hor- 
ace Greeley, Charles Sumner, Edward Everett, George N. 
Briggs, George S. Boutwell ; and of Deerfield men, John Tay- 
lor, Epaphras Hoyt, Edward Hitchcock, Samuel Willard, 
vStephen W. Williams, John Wilson, Rodolphus Dickinson, 
Pliny Arms, Luther B. Lincoln, Bishop John Williams, Jon- 
athan A. Saxton, Samuel Willard, Jr. Intellectual activity 
has been a marked characteristic of the community of which 
I write. Its center has always been at the Old Street. The 
poetic element has here found a quiet home. In 1799 "The 
Calliopean Rivulet " w\as meandering among her poetic fields 
and flowers. Bright flashes from its waters were often reflect-, 
ed upon the pages of the Gazette at Greenfield, but these poems 
were over the nom de plume oi " Loridon," " Frederick " and 
" Aurelia," and the writers have not been identified. 

At ordinations, celebrations and other public occasions, the 
supply of home-made hymns, odes or songs, has been equal 
to the large demand. Owing to the circumstances under 
which they were produced, these effusions have had a preca- 
rious existence, being as a rule found only on worn-out pro- 
grammes or in worm-eaten scrap books ; from these, most of 
the given specimens have been rescued. As witnesses of 
the intellectual atmosphere of Deerfield they should have a 
permanent place in this history. 

Feb. 22d, 1832, the centennial anniversary of Washington's 
birthday was celebrated here with procession, military pa- 
rade, dinner, oration, music, &c. The orator was Benjamin 
R. Curtis, late chief justice of the United States Supreme 
Court. His oration was printed. A pamphlet copy can be 
found in Memorial Hall. This fact is noticed because it has 
been widely claimed, and published, that the orator on this 
occasion was George Bancroft the historian. The following 
ode was written for the occasion by Jonathan A. Saxton : — 



Tune — Miriam's song. 

Hail to the day, which gave Washington birth! 

And joy to America, hope to the earth. 

Wreaths to the Chieftain, his Country who guided, 

And vanquished her foes in the strength of their might, 

Establish'd the peace, to his wisdom confided, 

Of's Country the father, and glory and light. 

Lift high our voices in triumph and joy, 

The freedom he gave us, time cannot destroy. 

Hail to the day, which gave Washington birth! 

And joy to America, hope to the earth. 

Long shall his name live the first in our story. 

His love in the hearts of the free ne'er decay, 

His counsels still guide us to greatness and glory. 

Till time shall be lost in eternity's day. 

Lift high our voices in triumph and joy, 

The freedom he gave us, time cannot destroy. 

Ever be honored our Washington's name. 

The Nations exult in the light of his fame. 

What though the fetters of tyrants have bow'd them. 

And chained the free heart down to bondage and shame. 

Through tempests and clouds which now darkly enshroud them. 

The star of their hope points to WAsiiiN(;rt)N's name 

Sing, for the hope of the glory to be, 

When tyrants shall perish and earth shall be free. 

Yet there is gladness awaiting the slave. 

Nor heaven abandons the hopes of the brave. 

Onward the light, through the Nations advancing. 

Warms millions of hearts with the glow of its fire ; 

From hill top and mountain its bright beams are glancing. 

And liberty's foes in its blaze shall expire. 

Be then our banner in triumph unfurl'd. 

Till knowledge and freedom have ransom'd the world. 

May 14th, 1 84 1, was the day of the national Fast, observed 
on the death of President Harrison. wServices were held in 
the brick meetinghouse. Dr. Willard delivered the funeral 
oration and wrote the following for the occasion : — 


Lo, the mightiest sons of time 
Fail beneath the shafts of heaven; 
As the oak, of height sublime. 
By the thunderbolt is riven. 

So has fallen Columbia's Chief, 
Lately raised to power supreme; 
All his honors, ah! how brief! 
All our brilliant hopes a dream! 

Hear the voice of God most high 
Hear, O hear, ye small and great; 
While for power, or place ye vie; 
While ye wear the robes of state. 

Selfish aims be all forgot; 
Quench the flames of party strife; 


Seek to improve the common lot; 
Strive for justice, more than life. 

Let each virtue pure and bright, 
Which adorned the honor'd dead. 
Emulation still excite; 
Every public scene pervade. 

So may God in mercy deign 
Still to grant us joy and peace; 
All our dearest rights maintain 
Till the tide of time shall cease. 

At the ordination of Daniel B. Parkhurst over the First 
Church, July 21st, 1841, there were two original hymns, each 
written " By a Member of the Society." One, I have ascer- 
tained, was written by Mr. Lincoln ; the other is still anony- 



O Thou, enthroned in glory, 

Mid angels of thy love! 
Who makesl, still. Thy Temple, 

Each act Thou dost approve. 
Thou, whom our fathers worshipped. 

In that most trying hour. 
When Sainted Williams praying. 

Was nerved with holy power; 

Thy love — the old traditions. 

From age to age, shall tell; 
Thy praise — our hearts most grateful, 

In joy, to-day, shall swell. 
O Father, smile benignant 

On this our cherished one; 
And may a work all beauteous. 

This day, have been begun. 

Thou Heaven, breathe on his spirit, 

Thy beauty. Earth, adorn; 
Thou starry Night, inspire him. 

And Day, with light new-born. 
Thus may he win the tempted. 

The wanderer from afar, 
To watch with holy rapture, 

"The Bright — The Morning Star." 



Within this hallowed Temple, Lord, 
We come to bow a reverend knee; 
To own Thee as our highest good. 
And consecrate ourselves to Thee. 

This day let fervent priiise ascend 
For him whom Thou. 'in love, hast given; 
To warn us when we go astray. 
And guide us to our home in heaven. 


Ma3' every root of biuerness, 
Of strife aiui sin be torn away; 
While love to God and love to man, 
Around our hearts, like sun-beams, play. 

Beneath each dwelling's quiet shade, 
An altar would we raise to Thee; 
That we on earth may ever feel 
The presence of the Dkitv. 

Hymns written for the dedication of the Town House. 
March LSt, 1841 : — 

HYMN [Old Hundred]. 

Beside the Temple of Thy praise,* 
Another altar we would raise, 
O God of Truth! and let it be 
To justice sacred and to Thee. 

And when your sacrifice to Heaven, 
On wings of faith and hope, is given, 
May Holy Love its beams reflect, 
And this our Civic Hall protect. 

O, here triumphant may we see 
Thy Spirit, Great Humanity ! 
And all the kindred virtues meet 
That dwell around the mercy seat. 

The justice — Aristides loved; 
The honest heart — that Phocion moved; 
The pure — the manly — Godlike thought. 
Which Jesus Christ so nobly taught. 

Thus may the Angel of the Lord 
No deed of darkness here record ; 
But may this Forum sacred be 
To Honor, Truth, and Liberty. 



Oh should those times be now forgot, 

The warwh(wp's echo's shrill; 
When 'twas our Grandsires' weary lot. 

To guard their homes from ill. 
When savages were peering round, 

When oft the alarining cry 
From hill and dale with warning sound. 

Would through our valley fly. 

No banquet halls, or costly domes. 

Can purer hearts regale, 
Than those who won for us our homes. 

In this our lovely vale; 
Then let us oft' a chorus raise. 

Their memory to recall. 
May oft' an echo to their praise 

Be heard in this Town Hall. 

May all that's noble, just and true. 
Which our Fore-fathers taught, 

*A meetinghouse had shortly before been erected upon the adjoining lot. 


And truth forever springing new, 

Within these walls be brought; 
Within these walls may wisdom oft 

Her councils wise portray, 
May reason cheer us on with joy. 

Where truth shall lead the way. 

And long within these walls may we 

Our Fellow Townsmen greet. 
May strife and discord ever be 

Discarded when we meet; 
And let us now each voice unite, 

Let every heart dilate. 
With grateful feelings here to-night 

This House to dedicate. 

To Liberty and Justice too, 

To freedom in debate. 
To equal rights for each and all. 

This House we dedicate. 
This House we dedicate my Friends, 

This House we dedicate. 
To Liberty, and Equal rights. 

This House we'll dedicate. 

A nonynious. 

The following ode was sung at a Washington birthday 
" Temperance Celebration at the Town Hall, Feb. 22, 1843. " 



Ttinc — ''Sparkling and bright.'" 

Sparkling and bright, in our bowls to-night, 
The true water of life is flowing. 
Reflecting hues of the crystal dews 
In the buds of the lily glowing. 

We drink to-night 

With sylphs of light, 
That love each gushing fountain; 

We drink with the flowers 

In their leafy bowers 
Of the Vale, or verdant Mountain. 

In snow-wreathed domes, benignant gnomes 
Of the clouds are e'er distilling, 
In alembics of air, our beverage rare. 
And all earth's fountains filling. 

The glass again 

To the clouds we drain. 
In their gorgeous, changeful blending, 

As they float and gleam 

In the softened beam 
Of the evening sun descending. 

In deeps of earth, has the forest birth. 
From fountains of life ever welling; 
Its strength abides in the crystal tides 
Which leap in its veins glad swelling. 

We pledge the Oak 

Of the rifted rock; 
The pine in graceful soaring; 
They drink from our bowl. 

834 i.ii;raries — literature. 

And laugh at the h(i\vl 

Of ihc storm when wildest roaring. 

On watery shroud the Eastern cloud 
Its glorious arch has bended; 
Divinely fair, proclaiming there, 
The sky's wild tumult ended. 

Celestial bow 

Of promise now. 
The sunbeam's radiant daughter, 

We drink to thr shine, 

Our cup it is thine. 
Transparent, pure, cold water. 


Creation's wine, of hue divine. 
Great Nature's love confessing; 
With joy and mirth it crowns the earth. 
With beauty and with l)lessing. 

We pledge the herds, 

And the painted birds, 
That sing on cleaving pinion. 

The laughing hills 

With their leaping rills 
Exult in its dominion. 

We fear no pain, while our cup we drain. 
Its depths no curse concealing; 
No demon wile lies hid in its smile; 
Truth, Love and Peace revealing. 

Now ere we part. 

Awake each heart, 
With Love and Hope before us. 

And in gladness arise. 

From the earth and skies, 
One Universal chorus. 

The oration on this occasion was by Hon. (rcorge Grennell, 
Jr., of Greenfield. After the oration the following hymn was 
sung: — 



Tune — "A^atioval Hymn." 

That noble band of pilgrims. 
The honored Mayflower bore. 
Had lighted up the altar 
Of freedom on our shore; 

Columbia's soil was christened. 
In beauty and in youth 
And sprinkled from the fountain 

Of Liberty and Truth. 

Humanity responded 

And songs of joy and love 
Reechoed through creation, 
In earth and heaven above; 
Bright genius of our countrj'. 
Most fervently we pray, 
O, still attune thy harp strings 
To this all hallowed lay. 


And when old England's prowess 
Came thund'rinjj o'er the wave, 
To wrest from us those treasures 
Which Heaven in mercy gave, 
Then stood great Vernon's Chieftain, 

And with his patriot band 
Burn'd incense on the altar, 

And purified the land. 

But yet there was a tyrant 
Within the human breast. 
That cursed the beauteous heritage 
Which heavenly love had blessed. 

The Eden of the spirit 

It ravaged by its fire. 
The flowers of virtue wither, 

The angel plants expire. 

Again the Holy Spirit 
Bade suffering man rebel; 
Old appetite is conquered 
By virtue from the Well. 

" Salvation, O, salvation. 
The joyful notes proclaim," 

The soul of man has risen 
In God, its Father's name. 

At the dinner which concluded the celebration, when the 
wit and wisdom of the company was tested in toast and story, 
" Parson " Philo Munn made a good local hit. " The point 
lies in the application." On the old Arms homestead, then 
in other hands, stood a store in which "the ardent" was free- 
ly sold with, a back door conveniently near the well. Its 
customers complained that " watering the stock " had been 
too freely indulged in — presumably a groundless charge — 
but Parson Munn, accepting it, gave as his toast, " Deacon 
Arms's Old Well: it has done more than anything else to 
weaken and reduce our old Enemy." 

DEERFIELD, JAN. 28TH, 1 846. 


(To be sung by the Congregation.) 
The sacred rile, O God! is done; 
Before thee stands the anointed one; 
Our prayers have borne his name above; 
We wait thy blessing, God of love. 

'Tis thine to grant our soul's desire; 
'Tis thine to bid our hopes expire; 
And in this glad, yet solemn hour, 
Our spirits own thy sovereign power. 

Kind Father, bless this sacred tie! 
O! let our prayers be heard on high! 
The oft-repeated stroke restrain. 
Nor bid our Zion mourn again! 


The love lliat filled the sainted breast, 
Of ilu)se who now have found their rest, 
Their steadfast faith and dauntless zeal. 
May these thy Servant's bosom fill. 

So let him walk with Thee below; 
So onward press through joy and woe; 
And, i^hid with hope, or tempest-driven. 
Find earth the vestibule of Heaven. 

Mary Willard. 

The following, by Eliza Allen Starr, was written for the 

same oecasion : — 


All hail! fair truth's anointed. 

Who of the sinless Christ 
A herald is ajipoinled. 

Fresh girded for the right, — 
These hands of consecration. 

Pledge his whole soul to thee, — 
Be Thou his inspiration. 

All-present Deity! 

Lo! angels round the altar, 

In radiant circles press. 
To clothe thy truth's ajxistle 

With robes of righteousness; 
And blissful revelations 

Before his vision sweep. 
Of Him who saves the wand'ring. 

And dries the eyes that weep. 

And they the dear departed. 

Who pniphet-like have trod. 
In meekest robes of priesthood 

This temple of our God, 
Linked in one holy union. 

Kneel with him, side by side, — 
The perfected through sorrow, — 

His upward steps to guide. 

O! hear, our Lord and Father, 

The prayers thy children raise. 
In earnest hope, though trembling, 

This day with songs of praise — 
The Lord — His loving kindness, 

His mercy will not cease. 
Whose love is our salvation, 

Our everlasting peace! 

The following ode was written for a Field meeting of the 
P. V. M. A.ssociation at Charlemont, Aug. 2d, 1871 ; on the oc- 
casion of dedicating a monument to the memory of Capt. 
Moses Rice and Phineas Arms, who were killed by Indians, 
June I ith, 1755. 



\Air — " Scots 7olia hae."\ 

Roll swiftly back, O mist of years. 

And bring once more before our view 


The days of yore, the noble men 

And women brave and true. 
The peaceful fields we till with ease, 

They sowed in fear of deadly foe, 
And oft the silent arrow sped, 

And laid the yeoman low. 

We owe to them our smiling vales. 

We owe our meadows broad and fair, — 
And pay we faithful tribute here 

To virtues rich and rare. 
They fled from tyranny and wrong, 

They braved, in faith, the stormy sea, 
In darkest hour they raised the song, 

And bent to God the knee. 

We mourned their virtues passed away. 

The nation led in Mammon's train; 
Ah, woe the time when faith and truth 

Are lost in love of gain. 
But when through all the awe-struck land 

Rang out the clarion call "To Arms !" 
The nation spurned the coward brand 

And echoed back, "To Arms!" 

No more we say that faith and truth 

Have left the stricken earth again, — 
We mourn, instead, the vanished youth 

All numbered with the slain. 
We raise to them the granite pile, 

We weave them wreaths of brightest sheen. 
Recall their deeds, with tear and smile, 

And keep their memory green.- 

Ode written in the centennial year of our nation by Lucre- 
tia Wilson EeLs, for the bi-centennial of the battle at Turners 
Falls, celebrated by the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Asso- 
ciation, May 31st, 1876. 

Faint and dim are the echoes borne 

From a century gone, before 
That signal flashed from Boston-spire 

Far out on a midnight shore. 
And onward sped, till rose the sun. 
The immortal da}' of Lexington. 

A hundred years, ere flag unfurled 

And shot was fired by Concord flood, 
The deadlier savage barb was hurled. 

And Peskeompskut drenched in blood; 
And mid the roar of rushing wave, 
Rose dying moans of slaughtered brave. 

Baptized in blood, the waters bear 

The fallen Turner's deathless name; 
Mingling for aye their ceaseless flow 

With the martyr'd hero's deeds and fame; 
Where cities rise, nor is left a trace 
Along its shores, of the vanquished race. 

Oh, not alone, this glorious year, 

Let cannon boom and screaming shell 
Of that proud day of a nation freed 



And its majestic triumphs tell; 
But valiant deeds of those men of yore 
In the fiercer strife that had gone before. 

Nursed by those faithful hearts and true. 

Through its early suffering years, 
Struggling, the new-born nation grew 

Like the Hebrew mother's child of tears; 
Trusting alone in her God to save 
Its frail bark rocked on the treacherous wave, 

The spark of liberty that flashed 

When the foot of the pilgrim presi 
The flinty rock of Plymouth, burned 

In every patriot breast. 
From the first print on New England shore 
To the blood-stained stones of Baltimore. 

And like Clan-Alpine's cross of fire, 

From hand to hand the brand was flung; 
Down the long years from son to sire 

The blazing torch of freedom sprung. 
Till the sign of its banner floating free 
In the breath of heaven, is liberty. 

Then, not alone for one proud day 

Let the mightiest anthems ring, 
And kings and empires from afar 

Their gorgeous offerings bring. 
But for woes and toils olir fathers bore. 
In the stern sad century gone before. 

It had been my purpose to close this chapter with a biblio- 
graphical sketch of the literature of Deerfield ; but being met 
with so many difficulties, the plan was abandoned, and I give 
instead a bare list of those connected with the town by birth 
or residence, some of whose writings have appeared in book 
form and have come to my knowledge : — 

Christopher Tyler Arms, 
Jennie Maria Arms, 
Jonathan Ashley, 
Charlotte Alice Baker, 
William Bull, 
Elisabeth W. Champney, 
Rodolphus Dickinson, 
Samuel Field, 
Chester Harding, 
Richard Hildreih, 
Edward Hitchcock, 
James Kendall Hosmer, 
Eiihu Hoyt, 

Epaphras Hoyt, 
John Hubbard, 
Samuel Mather, 
John Farwell Moors, 
Jonathan Ashley Saxton, 
George Sheldon, 
Eliza Allen Starr, 
John Taylor, 
Mary Willard, 
Samuel Willard, 
John Williams, 
Stephen West Williams. 



Brief annals relating to schools will be continued from 
Chapter X. From 1703 to 1720 there is no record of any ac- 
tion by the town concerning schools, but even in the strait- 
ened condition of the people it cannot be that the subject of 
education was ignored or totally neglected. Probably a sys- 
tem of private schools was adopted. No other explanation 
can be found for a vote passed by the town, Nov. 6th, 1707, 
to "sell the schoolhouse for five pounds to Joseph Alex- 
ander." This, doubtless, must have been the " Town School 
House" built in 1698, and so it was another building which 
escaped the destruction of Feb. 29th, 1704. 

Nov 3, 1720 the Town then Granted y*^' sunim ot twenty pounds 
in money for y'' year ensuing towards y'^^ encouragnient of a school 
in Deerfield the scholars makeing up with s*^ sum that a School Master 
may be hired for by a Committee chosen to y^ Business, which com- 
mittee shall have power to hire s'' School Master for y'' whole year, 
half a year, or a quarter of it, or what part, and the twenty pounds 
in money before mentioned to be apportioned to y'' time they shall 
hire the School Master for. 

At y'' same meeting y'^ Town made choice of Sam" Barnard Sam" 
Field and John Arms to be as a Committe for y'' concerns of y*^ 
school, to hire a School Master, to hire a School house, or whatever 
is proper for a School Committee to Doe 

Voted affirmatively 

1722. The selectmen were authorized to hire a school- 
house and hire a school master to teach reading, writing and 
cyphering for half a year, the scholars being only required to 
furnish firewood. 

1723. Voted to "build a school house forthwith " and to 
have the school continued for the year ensuing, 

1724. March 9th, " Voted that a School Master be hired for 
y" year ensuing and y' y*^ selectmen shall take care to hire 
some fit person to learn youth to Read and cypher." 

1725. Voted to give Moses Nash ^^35 for keeping school 


one whole year. Nash was one of the selectmen that year, 
1728. This year women came again to the front. Bridget 
Barnard was voted ten shillings a week for keeping school to 
Oct. 15th. Liberty was given "to all farmers to procure 
School Dames to teach their children, to be paid three pence 
a week for each scholar until Oct 15." 

I suppose this vote refers to the Green River people living 
at the " Farms," which was then and long after the center of 
population in that district. It was voted at the same meet- 

To hire a gramer School Master from y^^ 15"' of Ocf^ to y*^ first of 
Ap' ensuing 

[1732, Voted] to pay a school dame for keeping a school at Green 
River this summer. 

[1733I ^our pence a week per scholar allowed to farmers for there 
schooling the summer past 

[^^735] 4^^ a week allowed per scholar for all scholars for there 
schooling this summer. 

1736. There was a master in town and a dame at Green 
River, at four pence a week per scholar. Prices were raised 
the next year. 

1737. The "Farmers" were allowed "5d per week per 

[1739] Voted that there shall be a school house built in the spring. 
That it be built at or near y*^ old place, the lower floor one foot be- 
low y'^ surface of y<= ground, y^ upper floor to be made with clay, the 
dimensions of the House to be 16 feet y^' one way, 25 feet y*^^ other, 
three windows on y'^ south side, one at each ttm], two small chim- 
neys on y*^ north side with iron mantle peaces 

[1740] Voted not to build a school house at Green River nor to 
hire a school master, y*^ Selectmen to determine where and how long 
y" school shall be kept at Green River & so at Town 

1 74 1. Voted to petition the General Court for leave to sell 
lands given for school purposes by Mrs. Hannah Beaman. 
Leave was granted and Rev. Jona. Ashley became the pur- 

1742. A schoolmaster was allowed at Green River, to be 
provided by the selectmen, who were also empowered to "get 
some one to preach " there this winter. 

1744. Nov. 23d, voted to Greenfield £60 for 1743-4, for 
schooling and preaching, to be divided and expended at their 

teachers' wages. 841 

1748. The wages of the school dame at Green River to be 
30 s, O. T., per week. 

1750. A master all the year round allowed Green River 

1756. "Voted there shall be 2^d per scholar per week al- 
lowed for y'' children that were schooled at Wapping, and 
the Bars, y*" year passed." 

1758. The wages of Ruth Hawks for the season were £2, 
5s, 2d. 

[1759] 2J/^ pence a week allowed for scholars at Wapping & Mud- 
dy Brook 

[1760, Oct. 20] Voted to build a new school house of y^' Dimen- 
tions of 22 feet square 7 foot stud to be doubly boarded on the out- 
side, y'^ wall filled in & light ceiled & double floored below * * * 
to be erected at or near y'' front of y" lane between Ebenezer Wells 
& Jeremiah Nims. 

This was the heater piece at the entrance of Memorial Lane. 

Oct. 28th, the location was changed to be " on y'^ south side 
of y'' present school house and as near it as may." This was 
on the northwest corner of the old " Smead lot "of 1 67 1 . The 
old schoolhouse was converted into a ferrv house at the north 
end of Pine Hill. 

1761. The pay for "reading scholars" was 2|^d, and for 
"writing scholars" \\di per week. 

1763. Voted "that those people who live at the Farms, & 
have no benefit of y" schools in the Town Plat," shall have 
their proportion of money to school their own children. 

1767. Six pounds allowed Bloody Brook towards building 
a schoolhouse. 

1770. Bloody Brook allowed £2, i6s to hire a master to 
teach reading and writing. 

1 77 1. It was provided that each scholar should furnish one 
load of wood, and in default thereof to be turned out of school. 

December, 2\ d was allowed Widow Sarah Shattuck and 
Lucy Wright for each child in their schools at Bloody Brook. 

There is very little record of schoolmasters during the Rev- 
olution. Doubtless schools were kept up. 

1779. Voted to hire a schoolmaster constantly in the town, 
and Wapping was granted £^2 (Continental) towards btiild- 
ing a schoolhouse. 

1782. March 4th, voted " to hire a Grammar Schoolmaster 


in this town & two schoolmasters from the middle of October 
to the middle of April next." 

1787. At the April meeting a new leaf was turned over. 
" Col. Joseph Stebbins, Col. T. W. Dickinson, Samuel Childs, 
Lieut. John Bard well & Samuel Harding," were chosen a com- 
mittee to examine into the subject, and report whether or 
not it were best to adopt a new method of schooling the chil- 
dren. They reported an acceptable plan, under which the 
town was divided into six districts, " for the ensuing year." 
The districts are named below, with the amount of money 
assigned to each. This must be a pretty close guide to the 
population in the different parts of the town at this date: — 

Town Street and Cheapside, ^4° M, 

AVapping and Bars, 9 10, 

Great River, 5 12, 

Muddy IJrook, 10 15, 

Mill River, 8 4, 

West Side of Deerfield River, 5 8. 

In the town street two schools were kept, but a need was 
felt for better accommodations and a higher grade of instruc- 
tion. To meet this lack, fifteen citizens of the village, ■vi.':.: 
Maj. Salah Barnard, Maj. Seth Catlin, Dea. Jona. Arms, Ens. 
Joseph Barnard, Simeon Harvey, Samuel Field, Esq., Col. Jo- 
seph Stebbins, Eliphalet Dickinson, Col. Thomas W. Dickin- 
son, Aaron Arms, Dr. Elihu Ashley, Capt. John Locke, John 
Williams, Esq., and Znr Hawks, met Oct. 8th, 1787, and formed 
themselves into a sort of a corporation, under the title of 
" Proprietors of the New School." The corporation was offi- 
cered by John Williams, clerk ; Salah Barnard, treasurer ; 
Salah Barnard, Jona. Arms and John Williams, assessors. 

Westwood C. Wright was employed, and before the first of 
January, 1788, he built a on the spot where Philo 
Munn's shop now stands. Each share represented two .schol- 
arships, and the school could not exceed thirty pupils. The 
shares were transferable to such parties only as the corpora- 
tion approved. At a meeting, Jan. 21st, 1788, it was agreed 
to pay 6s a week for the schoolmaster's board; to keep the 
school from 8.30 to 12 A. M., and 1.30 to 5 P. M. A commit- 
tee was raised to appraise firewood, making the standard, oak, 
at 6 s per cord ; and another committee to prepare a code of 
rules and orders. The cost of the building and expenses for 


the first quarter was ^^150. Freegrace Reynolds was the first 
teacher, Mr. Reynolds was born in Somers, Ct., 1767, was 
graduated at Yale in 1787, and licensed to preach in 1790; of 
this license he availed himself so far as to preach to one par- 
ish in Connecticut, nine in Vermont and seven in Massachu- 
setts, his last settlement being at Leverett, Dec. 5th, 1832. 
He left there in 1837 ^o spend his last days in Wilmington, 
Mass., it is to be hoped, in peace. The school proved a sue-, 
cess, and I notice it as the germ from which the Deerfield 
Academy sprung ten years later. 

Deerfield Academy. The act establishing this institution 
was approved by Samuel Adams, governor, March 21st, 1797. 
The men of the old corporation named in this act were John 
Williams, Seth Catlin, Joseph Stebbins and Joseph Barnard. 
The papers of the Academy corporation were destroyed when 
the house of the secretary. Dexter Childs, was burned, and 
no connected account can be found of the preliminaries for 
organizing this new enterprise. It appears that an applica- 
tion was made to the town for aid, but by a vote July 4th, 
1796, it was refused, and that the money for putting up a 
school building was raised by a general contribution among 
the men of Deerfield in sums of from twenty to one hundred 
dollars, amounting to about thirteen hundred dollars, and 
notes for payment were given March 30th, 1797. At the same 
date about fourteen hundred dollars was raised by subscrip- 
tion as a permanent fund. This was in sums ranging from 
twenty to one hundred and fifty dollars secured by bonds at 
six per cent, interest. vSample bonds are still extant ; at least 
six of these were running so late as 1830. This was the nu- 
cleus of the fund lately transferred to the trustees of the 
Dickinson Academy. 

The first meeting of the trustees was held April i8th, 1797, 
at the tavern of Erastus Barnard, the present "Frary House." 
Rev. Roger Newton of Greenfield, was chosen president ; 
Rev. John Taylor, vice-president ; Deacon Jona. Arms, trea.s- 
urer ; and Dr. Wm. S. Williams, secretary ; a committee was 
chosen to buy an acre of land of Seth Nims, on the soiith 
part of his home lot. This is the land on which Memorial 
Hall now stands ; it cost $333.34. A committee was also chos- 
en to report a plan of a building. June i8th, this committee 
reported in favor of a brick structure 60x26 feet, two stories, 


With a piazza at one end, and a cupola on the roof; this re- 
port was accepted, and Esq. John Williams, Joseph Barnard 
and Maj. David Dickinson chosen a building committee. At 
a later meeting- the piazza was cut off, and the width made 
28 feet. In this form it was built the same year ; the bricks 
were made on the Nims lot, a few rods to the east, where a 
brick yard was continued some thirty or forty years. In 1797 
the fund of the Academy was increased by a grant from the 
Massachusetts Legislature of one-half of a township of land 
in Maine. No account of the disposition of this land has 
been found. 

At a meeting of the trustees, Dec. 31st, 1798, — thus reads 
the record, — 

A number of gentlemen and donors to the Academy, considering 
the present occasion, and wishing to be instrumental in promoting 
the convenience and gratifying the curiosity of a respectable con- 
course of spectators, pray that leave may be granted them to illumi- 
nate the Academy building to-morrow evening; and from the best 
information, we presume a great number of strangers will attend 
which cannot be provided for in the manner in which our inclination 
suggests ; we therefore beg permission for once, the occupancy of 
the hall for the evening. 

W/iat the " inclinations" of the petitioners might "suggest" 
did not appear to the guardians of the property, and the re- 
quest was promptly refused. After a personal interview, 
however, and grave deliberation, a guarded assent was given. 

January ist, 1799, was a gala day in Old Deerfield, and an 
important era in her hi.story. On this day the Academy was 
formally opened, and dedicated by a sermon in the meeting- 
house by Rev. Joseph Lyman of Hatfield, one of the trustees. 
The meeting being adjourned to the Academy, Roger New- 
ton, president of the board, formally inducted Enos Bron- 
son into the ofhce of Preceptor of the Deerfield Academy, 
and delivered him the keys of the building. Of the illumi- 
nation and occupancy of the hall in the evening no report 
has been received. 

The first quarter closed March 25th, 1799, with forty-nine 
pttpils. The average for the year was sixty-seven to the 
term, a total of two hundred and sixty-nine ; of these, sixty- 
eight only were from Deerfield. Northampton sent nineteen; 
Greenfield, eighteen ; Conway, seventeen ; Northfield, thir- 
teen ; Hadley, eleven ; Brattleboro and Suffield, each ten ; 


Shelburne, eight; Amherst, Hatfield, Springfield, Vt., and 
Wilmington, Vt., each six ; Ashfield, five ; Colrain, four ; Al- 
bany, Dalton, Ashby, Gnilford, Greenwich, Hawley, three; 
Hardwick, Longmeadow, Royalston, vSpringfield and Whate- 
ly, two ; and one each from Brookfield, Buckland, Easthamp- 
ton, Great Harrington, Heath, Lebanon, N. Y., Montague, 
New Salem, Putney, Vt., Southampton, Stockbridge, War- 
wick, Westhampton, Westfield and Worthington. The quar- 
ter bills paid by the pupils for the year, amounted to $690.88. 

Generous donations were made to furnish the philosophi- 
cal apparatus and endow the library, notably by David Wells 
of Greenfield ; Abigail Norton, Jona. Arms and Col. Asa 
Stebbins of Deerfield. In 1806, Col. Stebbins presented a 
" Planetarium " and " Lunarium," and his name was ordered 
to be engraved thereon. Many similar votes to benefactors 
were recorded by the secretary. 

In 1803, the trustees had leave of the town to build pews in 
the back parts of the north and south galleries in the meet- 

For ten years the school had been prosperous, and proved 
by its usefulness, the wisdom of its founders, its right to be, 
and its good management. Larger accommodations were 
now required, and, in 1809, the trustees voted to enlarge the 
building by the addition of another story, and a wing thirty 
feet square on the northwest side. Hitherto the preceptors 
had short terms of service. Mr. Bronson, the first, but one 
term ; he was a graduate of Yale, 1798, and died in 1823 ; John 
Williams, Jr., was usher. His successor, Claudius Herrick, 
was of Yale, in the same class with Mr. Bronson ; he entered 
the ministry in 1801, and died in r83i. Mr. Herrick delivered 
an oration at Deerfield, at the obsequies of Washington, be- 
fore noted, and another July 4th, 1800, which was printed. 
His son, Edward Claudius Herrick, born in New Haven, 
181 1, was the learned librarian of Yale College, from 1842 to 
1858, and contributed to the American Journal of Science 
valuable papers on etymology, meteorology and astronomy. 
Elijah Alvord of Greenfield was usher. Samuel Fisher, who 
had also been usher under Mr. Herrick, was promoted to the 
head of the Academy, to be followed in one year by Henry 
Lord of Killingworth, Ct., a graduate of Yale in 1801. He 
became a minister and died in 1834. John Hubbard, who 


succeeded Mr. Lord, was born in Townsend in 1769, a gradu- 
ate of Dartmouth in 1785. He was a man of considerable note; 
Judge of Probate for Cheshire County, N. H., from 1798 to 
1802, when he came to Deerfield. He left his office here to 
become Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at 
Dartmouth, was author of Rudiments of Geography, Ameri- 
can Reader, and other publications, and died at Hanover in 
1 810. His successor, Allen Greeley, a graduate of Dartmouth 
in 1804, was here but three terms, he became a minister, and 
was tutor at Middlcbury College and lived till 1866. His 
classmate, Avery Williams of Leverett, a graduate of Deer- 
field Academy, who followed him for two terms, was also a 
minister, and died in 18 16. The next preceptor was John 
Chester of Wethersfield, Ct., a graduate of Yale in 1804, ^ 
classmate of John C. Calhoun; he began to preach at Hart- 
ford in 1807, became a D. D., and died in 1829. He was suc- 
ceeded in 1806 by Hosea Hildreth, a graduate of Harvard in 
1805 ; he became a minister and died in 1835. His son, Rich- 
ard Hildreth, the celebrated journalist and historian, was 
born here, in the Dr. Willard house, June 28th, 1807. Mr. 
Hildreth's assistant was Israel Wells of Shelburne. A new 
departure was made this year, under the pressure of the 
times. A military professorship was added to the curriculum, 
under Maj. Epaphras Hoyt, who taught the "Theoretical and 
practical art of war," with instructions in the field, in geome- 
try, the elements of fortification and the construction of small 

The first preceptress was Miss Eunice Woodbridge, en- 
gaged for the summer term of 1802; her career in this field 
came to an untimely end by marriage to John Williams, one 
of the trustees. At the annual meeting of the corporation 
Mr. Williams had been chosen on a committee "to manage 
the interests of the trustees." As far as the interest of one 
trustee was concerned he appears to have been eminently 
successful in his management. He had been a generous ben- 
efactor to the Academy, and might have looked upon the 
whole transaction in the light of an Indian gift. It was, how- 
ever, as we shall see, a dangerous precedent. Undismayed 
by the fate of her predecessor, Sally Williams, a graduate of 
Deerfield Academy, which she entered at the age of twenty- 
one, next accepted the office ; she was a relative of Esq. John 

BY-LAWS. 847 

and probably furnished by him as a substitute for the late 
Miss Woodbridge; she remained two years, when she received 
another call similar to that of her predecessor. She died 
March 28th, 1845. Miss Jerusha Williams, a descendant of 
our first minister, was preceptress from 1806 to 181 1. 

At the period we are considering, this institution stood in 
the front rank of the Academies in the land. With an estab- 
lished reputation, and enlarged facilities for usefulness, the 
trustees hoped by pursuing the same policy to place it, at the 
end of a second decennial, on a still higher plane. 

In 1 8 10, the enlargement of the building was completed, 
much as we see it to-day in Memorial Hall. Twelve rooms 
were fitted up for boarders, a bell bought to call them to 
time, and Asahel Wright engaged for a steward. At the 
opening of the Academy under the new establishment "the 
preceptors and ushers, besides teaching the arts and sciences, 
were directed to instill into the minds of the pupils moral and 
Christian principles, and form in them habits of virtue and 
the love of piety." The standard of admission was raised, 
the study of natural history, natural philosophy and logic en- 
couraged, and "no person was suffered to attend to painting, 
embroidery, or any other of the ornamental branches to the 
neglect of the essential and fundamental parts of education." 
It was under this rule, perhaps, that for many years there 
was no chattering of foreign tongues, and no jargon of the 
dead languages heard within these walls. Addisonian and 
Johnsonian mother-tongue were good enough for Yankees in 
those days. For the regulation of affairs at the school, a brief 
code of by-laws, of only thirty-six articles, was provided. A 
few extracts will be made for the benefit of the boys and girls 
who may think the regulations of to-day rather "strict." 
Pupils of different sexes were not allowed to meet upon the 
grounds or within the walls of the Academy except at meals 
and prayers, nor walk or ride or visit together, under a pen- 
alty of one dollar. None were allowed to be absent from 
meeting, Sunday, Fast or Thanksgiving day, under a penalty 
of one dollar, and a fine of one dollar was sure if they didn't 
behave well when there. For walking in the streets and 
fields, or visiting, Saturday night or Sunday, there was a fine 
of one dollar. No playing cards, backgammon or checkers in 
the building, without a loss of the inevitable dollar, if detect- 


ed. It is to be hoped that the pupils were well supplied with 
pocket money, otherwise there must have been a great com- 
motion amongst the "dollars of W\q fathers'' about which so 
much is said now-a-days. Perhaps it was at the suggestion 
of these said fathers that a close board fence was built from 
the south side of the Academy across the yard to the road, to 
keep the boys and girls apart. Of course, vseparate entrances 
to the building and separate schoolrooms were provided. 

Playing ball or similar games near the Academy was pro- 
hibited under a penalty of six cents, and a fine of six cents 
for any found out of their rooms during study hours. The 
morning prayers were at five o'clock, or as soon as it was 
liofht enouofh to read, with a fine of four cents for ab.sence and 
two cents for being tardy ; study hours commenced an hour 
later. Fines were imposed for damage to library books or 
books belonging to each other, at the rate of six cents for a 
blot, six cents for each drop of talloiv ; for every leaf torn six 
cents an inch, for every letter written on it, inside or out, two 
cents, for every mark or scratch two cents. After numerous 
other offenses were provided with suitable penalties, the pre- 
ceptor seems to have had a general commission to impose a 
fine of fifty cents whenever he had the toothache, or the wind 
happened to be in the east. 

The first preceptor I have found under the new establish- 
ment was Rev. Edward Tucker from Heath. He occupied the 
building and boarded scholars at $1.50 a week, and charged 
for rooms from 75 cts. to $1.50 per week. 

Aaron Arms, a Deerfield boy, a graduate of the Academy 
in 1809, and of Yale in 181 3, came fresh from the latter insti- 
tution to preside over the former. This he did with credit 
and success for two years, when he left to read law. He was 
admitted to the Franklin County Bar in 18 17. He died in 

Edward Hitchcock, another Deerfield boy, born in 1793, 
whose entire school education was obtained at six winter 
terms of this institution, while working as a farm laborer the 
rest of the year, was the next preceptor, and although for 
many years the moving spirit and president of Amherst Col- 
lege, and the recipient of high honors from Harvard and Yale, 
he was never a graduate of any other institution than this. 

While a pupil three months, and farm laborer nine months 


in the year, he had developed an ardent love for studying the 
science of nature that marked the coming man. His favor- 
ite study was astronomy, and this he pursued with an ardor 
which nothing but physical disability could subdue. When 
the astronomical apparatus in the Academy failed to meet his 
wants, his ingenuity was equal to devising and manufactur- 
ing instruments to supply his requirements. 

In 1817, Mr. Hitchcock asks the co-operation of the public 
in collecting specimens of the minerals and compound rocks 
of the county, to be deposited in the Academy. Thus was 
made an important addition to the museum. 

It was while Mr. Hitchcock was at the head of this Acad- 
emy that he boldly entered the lists in a contest with the as- 
tronomers of Europe, and came off victor, after a sharp and 
prolonged contest, astonishing the magnates there by his 
skill and power. It is risking but little to say, that, but for a 
partial failure in his eyesight, Dr. Hitchcock would have 
made a place for himself by the side of the leading men of 
the world, in this, his first chosen field. 

While holding the office of preceptor he found time to 
make the necessary astronomical observations for the alma- 
nacs which he published in 18 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17. That he 
did not ineanwhile neglect his duties as a teacher, is proved 
by the fact that one of his pupils, Rebecca Jackson of New- 
ton, in addition to the required "essential and fundamental 
parts of education," found time to learn the paths of the 
planets, and to calculate eclipses of the sun and moon. I 
question whether another person in town, not a pupil of Mr. 
Hitchcock, save Gen. Epaphras Hoyt, can, or ever could, 
trace the trackless spheres through space and mark the mo- 
ment and manner of their meeting. 

During all the years he labored here as preceptor, Mr. 
Hitchcock had an able assistant in Miss Orra White. She, 
too, could calculate eclipses, and she calculated to, and did, 
eclipse from her unsophisticated superior all the shining 
lights of his native town. When leaving this institution in 
1819, — having before him the example of the trustee who en- 
ticed away the first preceptress, — Mr. Hitchcock made no 
scruple of engaging Miss Orra to go with him as his assistant 
for life. 

The income from tuition bills for 1812 was $555, in 1813 


it was $385, with no essential change until the last year of 
Mr. Hitchcock, when it fell off to $289. The last two terms 
of 1 8 19 were exclusively a girl's school, the income from 
which was only $89, which proves conclusively — something, — 
but I don't know what. And so the second decade of the life 
of Deerfield Academy closed. 

Leaving a rich field for future research, I give only a bare 
and imperfect list of the preceptresses and preceptors after 
1 8 19 to its union with the High School in 1876: — 

Mary Bancroft [sister of Mrs. C. M. Crittenden, Joseph Anderson, 

the historian], Ellen Gage, Charles G. Corse, 

Sarah R. Goodhue, Mary Cruttenden, Winthrop Bailey, 

Jane Pidijeon, Sarah B. Willard, Luther B. Lincoln, 

Martha Harding, Susan M. Lane, Samuel Willard, Jr., 

Emily Draper, C. Alice Baker, Cotton M. Crittenden, 

Charlotte Catlin, Mary E. Young, John M. Thompson, 

Hannah Ripley, Emily Poor, Henry K. Warriner, 

Harriet R. Stone, Mrs. V. M. Howard, J. C. Brown, 

Mary Willard, Jona. A. Saxton, R. D. Smith, 

Mrs. Susan B. Lincoln, Henry P. Kendell, Benj. S. Lyman, 

Lucretia Wilson, Joseph Field, Horatio Alger, 

Eliza A. Starr, Frederick H. Allen, George W. Bartlett, 

Martha Carter, Zenas Clapp, Virgil M. Howard. 

In 1 8 19 there was a strong movement for relocating Wil- 
liams College, and Deerfield put in a claim to have it brought 
here. May 15th, 1819, while the matter was under consider- 
ation in the legislature, a committee of that body gave a hear- 
ing on the question to the Deerfield people. Northampton 
people argued for that place as more central, and promised 
$50,000 for the benefit of the college, and the legislative com- 
mittee favored that town. Williamstown opposed any change 
and in 1820 the committee reported in favor of leaving the 
college undisturbed. 

Dickinson Academy and Deerfield High School is a free 
institution founded, in 1876, under the will of P^sther Harding 
Dickinson. Soon after, the funds of the Deerfield Acad- 
emy were transferred to the trustees of the Dickinson school; 
a new building was erected on the home lot of Mrs. Dickinson 
for the use of the school, and also for a free library and read- 
ing room. Here boys and girls are fitted for college. At 
Bloody Brook there is a high school in a building put up by 
the town, and a good library has been established there. 

Pociuntiick Valley Memorial Association. The first public 
utterance, which was to test the feelings of the people con- 
cerning associated action in perpetuating the memory of our 


ancestors, was an appeal through the county newspaper in 
September, 1869. The response to this was such that the 
Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association was formed ; this 
was chartered by the Massachusetts legislature. May, 1870. 
The avowed purpose of the association was : — 

Collecting and preserving such memorials, books, records, papers 
and curiosities, as may tend to illustrate and perpetuate the history 
of the early settlers of this region, and of the race which vanished 
before them, and the erection of a Memorial Hall in which such col- 
lections can be securely deposited. 

The association was organized. May 26th, 1870, and a con- 
stitution adopted. The following officers were elected : Pres- 
ident, Geo. Sheldon of Deerfield ; vice-presidents, Josiah D. 
Canning of Gill, James M. Crafts of Whately ; recording sec- 
retary, Nathaniel Hitchcock of Deerfield ; corresponding sec- 
retary. Rev. Dr. Robert Crawford of Deerfield ; trea.surer, 
Nathaniel Hitchcock ; councilors. Rev. P. Voorhees Finch of 
Greenfield, D. Orlando Fisk of Shelburne, Jonathan Johnson 
of Montague, Moses Stebbins of Deerfield, Roswell Field of 
Gill, Rev. Edgar Buckingham of Deerfield, L. W. Rice of 
Greenfield. At a meeting of the councilors the same day, 
George Sheldon, Rev. Dr. Crawford and Rev. Mr. Bucking- 
ham were appointed a finance committee, and Geo. Sheldon 
and Rev. Mr. Finch were appointed a committee to solicit 
members to the association. 

In 1878, the Deerfield Academy, a three-story brick build- 
ing built in 1798, came into the hands of the Association. 
Some needful changes were made for convenience and secu- 
rity from fire, and in 1880 the Association began a collection 
of memorials which has increased from year to year until it 
has in this country no rival in its chosen field. A catalogue 
was printed in 1886. 

In addition to making this unique collection, the Associa- 
tion has held annual meetings, where original papers, giving 
the results of extensive research, have been read, and thus a 
large amount of historical matter has been discovered and 
laid before the public. It has also held annual Field Meet- 
ings, where similar papers have been read. 

Permanent results have followed these meetings. Vol. I 
of its Proceedings has been published, and Vol. II is now 
ready for the press. In the track of the Field Meetings may 


be seen ruinous graveyards restored, everlasting monuments 
marking historic places or the site of tragic events, town 
histories written, and in one case a new Memorial building; 
and not the least of all, a generation growing up with posi- 
tive knowledge of, and interest in, local colonial history. The 
library of the Association now contains in books and pam- 
phlets about eleven thousand titles. It is thus characterized 
by the one who made the catalogue: — 

A peculiar and distinctive feature of this Library is that these vol- 
umes carry an atmosphere of personality with them; nearly all have 
been read and pondered over by some one of the thinking men and 
women whose names are found on the fly leaves. They represent, 
literally, the culture and literary life of the valley for two centuries. 
I'hey were gathered, to a large degree, from the garrets and closets 
of old houses in this valley. 

Among other books may be found Dobson's " Encyclopaedia 
or Dictionary of ArLs, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Litera- 
ture." This is the first American edition, with " five hundred 
and forty-two Copperplates ;" eighteen vohimes thick, quarto: 
Philadelphia, 1798. This is doubtless the work owned by the 
" Enc3'clopedia Company," spoken of elsewhere. 



Obliged to refrain from consulting original records in later 
years, many dates in the lists following were taken from 
printed Annual Registers. Several errors were discovered 
while copying, so that accuracy cannot in all cases be war- 
ranted. The date following the names is the year of ap- 
pointment ; the time of service is not always ascertained. 

Elijah Williams, 1761-3 Thomas Williams, 1764-75 

Elijah Williams, 1753-60 Thomas Williams, 1762-64 


David Saxton, 1795-1S00 
lohii Williams, 1797-1815 
Ephiaiin Williams, 1806-16 
Eiihii Iloyi, 1S25 

Asa Stebbins, 1834-37 
Epaphras Hoyt, 1834-43 
Charles Williams, 1845 
Pliny Arms, 1S45 

Dexter F. Hager, 1886 


lonathan Wells, 1713-39 
Samuel Barnard, 1723-61 
Thomas Wells, 1734-49 
Elijah Williams, 1743-53, 74 
William Williams, 1748-54 
Thomas Williams, 1754-64, 74 
Jonathan Ashley, 1770-75 
David Field, 1779-92 
David Dickinson, 1779-1800 
David Saxton, 1785-1800 
Samuel Barnard, 1791-94 
John Williams, 1791-1816 
William S. Williams, 1801-15 
David Hoyl, Jr., 1804 
Hezekiah W. Strong, 1805-11 
Pliny Arms, 1814-59 
Epaphras Hoyt, 1814-34 
Asa Stebbins, 1815-34 
Elihu Hoyt, 1815-33 
Ebenezer H. Williams, 1817 
Elisha Bogue, i8ig 

Samuel E. Field, i8ig 
Elijah Arms, 1819-21 
Stephen Whitney, 1822 
Rufus Saxton, 1823 
Simon DeWolf, 1826 
Aaron Arms, 1829-46 
John Wilson, 1832-69 
Jonathan A. Saxton, 1835 
James S. Whitney, 1837 
Charles Williams, 1838-45 
Amos Russell, 1839 
Jonathan Hawks, 1840 
Isaac Abercrombie, Jr., 1840 
George Dickinson, 1841 
Artemus Williams, 1843 
Samuel Ware, 1843 
Henry K. Hoyt, 1844 
Horatio Hawks, 1847 
William Chapman, 184S 
Samuel Willard, Jr., 1850 
William Dwight, 1853 



Dexter Childs, 1S55 
William D. Hates, 1S55 
Robert M. Pease, 1856 
C. M. Stebbins, 1856 
James C. Arms, 1857 
George Sheldon, 1857-S6 
Edward W. Stebbins. 1858 
Moses Stebbins, 1858 
Cephas Clapp, 1859-75 
Asa P Cooley, 1S62-7 
Smith R. Phillips, 1862 

Ransom N. Porter, 1862-S0 
David W. Childs, 1867 
Henry S. Childs, 1867 
Austin DeWolf, 1867 
Virgil M. Howard. 1867 
Charles Stowell, 1867 
Nathaniel G. Trow, 1867 
George W. Jones, 1874 
Abijah W. Chapin, 1878 
Obed S. Arms, 1878-86 
Charles Phelps, 1878 

Elihu Hoyt 
Rufus Sax ton 


Henry K. Hoyt 
Richard C Arms 

Before the organization of Franklin County, Probate courts 
were held in Deerfield at the tavern of Erastus Barnard, the 
first Tuesdays of January. May and August. 


David Saxton, 1786-91, 94-1800 

Ephraim Williams, 1816 

Elihu Hoyt, 1817-19, 21-23, 27-32 

Robert Crawford, 1863 
Christopher A. Stebbins, 1867 
George Sheldon, 1872 


Thomas Wells, 1688-9 
Jonathan Wells, 1692-3, 8 
Joseph Barnard, 1692-3 
John Wells, 1716 

Ebenezer Newcomb, 1817 
Orlando Ware, 1819, 41 
Rufus Saxton, 1821, 30, 31-8, 45. 6, 
Stephen Whitney, 1831 

Capt. Thomas Wells, 1717-19, 24-6, 37-S Amos Russell, 1837-g 

Samuel Barnard, 1720, 21 
Ebenezer Hinsdale, 1740-50 

George Dickinson, 1840 
Howland Cowing, 1842 

Elijah Williams, 1741-5, 52-5, 7, 8, 60, Ira Abercrombie, 1843, 50. ^J' 

1761, 4, 6, 7, 9 
David Field, 1747, 60, 70 
Joseph Barnard, 1756 
Thomas Williams, 1759 
Jonathan Ashley, Jr., 1762, 3, 5, 8 
Samuel Hinsdale, 1771, 2, 5 
Samuel Field, 1773, 4, 91 
David Saxton. 1776-8, 81 
John Williams, 1783-6 98, 1802, 3 
Jonathan Hoyt, 1787, 92, 3, 1801 
John Bardwell, 1788, g 
Seth Catlin, 1790, 5, 6 
Elihu Hoyt, 1804. 5, 9-14, 16, 20, 22-7, 

Ephraim Williams, 1806, 7 
Ebenezer H. Williams, 1808 
Asa Stebbins, 1810-19, 39 
Augustus Lyman, 1815 

Zebediah Graves, 1844 
Sumner Dunlap, 1S47 
Cephas Clapp, 1851 
Asa Stebbins, 1852, 3 
Luther B. Lincoln, 1855 
Edward W. Stebbins, 1856 
Moses Stebbins, 1S57 
Horatio Hawks, 185S 
Cyrus A. Stowell, 1863 
Christopher A. Stebbins, 1864 
David A. Strong, 18&6 
George Sheldon, 1867 
Henry A. Warriner, 1870 
Harvey Severance, 1871 
George W. Bardwell, 1873 
George W. Jones, 1875 
Pharcellus D. Bridges, 1877 
Charles P. Aldrich, 1878, 9 

Rodolphus Dickinson, i8ir-20 

Epaphras Hoyt, 1814-31 


James S. Whitney, 1851, 2 



John Williams, 1787-96 
Elijah Williams, 1796-1801 

Epaphras Hoyt, 1814 
Aaron Arms, 1822 
John Wilson, 1857 
Robert M. Pease, 1859 

Epaphras Hoyt, 1812-16 


Epaphras Hoyt, 1802-14 


ApoUos Smith, 
George Sheldon, 18S4 
William W. Foster, 
Obed S. Arms. 


Elijah Williams, July i, 1800 
Ebenezer Barnard, Oct. i, 1801 
Orlando Ware, July i, 1803 
Epaphras Hoyt, Dec. 3, 1804 

Seth Nims, Dec. 8, 1820 
Charles Williams, Sept. 12, 1831 
Martha G. Pratt, 1870 


Howland S. Cowing, 1848 
William D. Bates, 1852 
Obed S. Arms, 1861 
Charles P. Aldrich, 1886 

Aaron Arms, 1829 
James S. Whitnev 
John Wells 
Howland Cowing 
William D. Bates, 1846 

Since the completion of the Hoosac Ttinnel railroad line, 
postoffices have been established at East Deerfield, (Great 
River,) and West Deerfield, (Wisdom). 


The figures following the name indicate the number of times in office ; the 
dates, the first and last year of service. 

Lieut. Thomas Wells, 1688 

Ens. John Sheldon, g, 1694-1703 

Capt. Jona. Wells, 28, 1691-1731 

John Catlin. 6, 1696-1701 

John Hawks, 2, 1697 

Dea. Eleazer Hawks, 26, 1700-23 

Lieut. David Hoyt, 3, 1701-02 

Daniel Belaing, 1705 

Capt. Thomas Wells, 38, 1707-49 

Ebenezer Smead, 3, 1707-25 

Dea. Thomas French, 15, 1708-33 

Thomas French, Jr., 1733 

Joseph Atherton, 1715 

Capt. Samuel Barnard, 2, 1716-17 

Ebenezer Brooks, 1717 

John Arms, 6, 1718-41 

Capt. John Catlin, t8, 1721-58 

Samuel Field, 5, 1721-47 

Joseph Severance, 1722 

Benjamin Munn, 2, 1723-26 

Dea. Samuel Childs, 24, 1724-44 

Ebenezer Wells, 8, 1725-27 

Moses Nash, 1726 

Lieut. Mahuman Hinsdale, 1726 

Edward Allen, 2, 1727-31 

Capt. Ebenezer Sheldon, 2, 1728 

Dr. Thomas Wells, Jr., 1730 

Dea. Judah Wright, 2, 1733-36 

Lieut. Jonathan Hoyt, 1735 

Maj. Elijah Williams, 39, 1735-70 

Capt. Timothy Childs, 1738 

Eleazer Hawks, 2, 1737 

Col. Ebenezer Hinsdale, 6, 1740-57 

Col. William Williams, 3, 1749-51 

Dr. Thomas Williams, 9, 1754-71 

Col. David Field, 29, 1756-80 

Daniel Arms, 4, 1760-74 

Lieut. Joseph Barnard, 19, 1760-83 

Ens. Joseph Barnard, 7, 17S0-1802 

Col. John Hawks, 4, 1763-73 

Maj. Seth Catlin, 14, 1774-96 

Mai. Salah Barnard, 7, 1775-80 

Lieut. John Bardwell, 5, 1777-88 

Capt. David Hoyt, 16, 1779-1802 

Asahel Wright, 4, 1779-84 

David Sa.xton, g, 1780-96 

Dea. Jonathan Arms, 12, 1781-92 

Jonathan Hoyt, 6, 1781-91 

Maj. David Dickinson, 2, 1781-88 

Esq. Samuel Barnard, 2, 1781-83 


CoL Joseph Slebbins, 16, 1782-1802 Stephen W. Williams, 1S45 

Esq. Samuel Field, 2, 1783-84 Ira Ahorcromhie, 17, 1848-55 

Col. ThomasVV. Dickinson, 7, 1788-1808 Ral[)h Williams, 6, 1846-56 

Samuel ('liikis, 1795 Simon DeWolf, 1846 

Zur Hawks, 10, 1798-1810 Henry K. Hoyi, 24, 1S47-59 

Esq. John Williams, 6, 1799-1804 Asahel Wrij;ht, 2, 1851-53 

Erasius Barnard. 1802 David W. Bryant, 1S52 

Rufus Saxton, 28, 1803-42 William Chapman, 2, 1S53-54 

Asa Stchbins, 9, 1804-36 Luke Wrij^ht, 1854 

William S. Williams, 2, 1804-21 James C. Arms, 2, 1857-59 

Ebenezer H. Williams, 11, 1S05-32 Horatio Hawks, 14, 1858-64 

Seth Nims, 31, 1805-22 David Hoyt, 2, 1862-63 

Esq. Ephraim Williams, 2r, 1S07-24 Lucien L. Eaton, 7, 1862-73 

Dea. Asahel Wright, jr., 2, iSii-20 Austin DeWolf, 2, 1862-63 

Samuel Wells, 1814 Edward W. Slebbins, 1863 

John Wilson. 3, 1816-38 Dexter (^hilds, 3, 1S63-68 

I'"Jilui Hoyt, 3, 1S19-25 Christopher A. Stebbins, 1863 

Orlando Ware, 7, 1822-44 George Sheldon, 22, 1S65-80 

Stephen Whitney, 12, 1822-36 James Childs, 1866 

Charles Hitchcock, 2, 1823-34 William Anderson, 7, 1S66-75 

Pliny Arms, 29, 182S-52 Allen B. Mansfield, 186S 

Elijah Williams. 1830 Ransom N. Porter, 7, 1S70-81 

Amos Russell, 1830 Charles Arms, 2, 1870-78 

Asa Stebbins, Jr., 3, 1S31-38 Edward Barney, 1S70 

Dennis Slebbins, 2, 1833-35 Asa P. Cooley, 1871 

Augustus Baldwin, 1833 George W. Jones, 4, 1872-77 

Daniel Wright, 6. 1S33-59 Charles Jones, 7, 1872-76 

Quartus Hawks, 1834 William Warner, Jr., 2, 1872-77 

Edwin Nims, 1S33 Edgar Buckingham, 1872 

Benjamin Henry, 2, 1838 Abijah W. Chapin, 1874 

Jona. A. Saxton, 1840 Pharcellus D. Bridges, 4, 1875-85 


Joseph Barnard, 1687-95 Esq. John Williams, 1782-88,90, 92 

Dea. Thomas French, 1696-1704, 17-19 Esq. Samuel Barnard, Jr., 1783-7 

Edward Allen. 1704-12 Samuel Field, 1791 

Samuel Williams, 1713 William S. Williams, i 793-1803, 5-12 

John Catlin, 1715, 16 Augustus Lyman, 1822-27 

Thomas French, Jr.. 1720-32 Charles Williams, 1828-31, 35-7° 

Maj. Elijah Williams, 1733-47, 52-61 Edwin Nims, 1832-34 

Dr. Thomas Williams, 1748-51, 62-74 Elisha Wells, 1871-83 

Maj. David Dickinson, 1775-78 Henry S. Childs, 18S4. 85 
Dea. Justin Hitchcock, 1779-81, 1804, 

The first town treasurer elected was in 1721; before then 
the Constables or Collectors appear to have had charge of the 
town funds ; but I find no certain rule : — 


Dea. Thomas French, 1721-26 Solomon Williams, 1805-30 

Dea. Samuel Childs, 1726-34 Dennis Stebbins, 1831-40 

Ebenezer Wells, 1735, 36 Asa Stebbins, Jr.. 1841-62 

Thomas French, Jr.. 1737-47 Elisha Wells. 1863-67 

Col. David Field, 1748-51 Robert Childs, 1868-70 

Maj. Elijah Williams, 1752-65 Elisha Wells, 1871-79 

Ens. Joseph Barnard, 1766-73 Francis W. Stebbins, 1880 

Dea. Jonathan Arms, 1781-89 Charles Jones, 1881, 2 

Lieut. John Bardwell, 1790-1804 C. A. Stebbins. 1883-5 



They were generally assessors also, until the Revolution. 

Ens. John Sheldon, 1686-S, go-2, 8, Capt. John Catlin, 2d. 1731, 41-5, 8, 

1700, 2 1750, 4, 7 

William Smead, 1686-8, 97 Eleazer Hawks, 1733, 7 

Joshua Pomroy, 1686-8 Benjamin Hastings, 1733, 50 

Benoni Stebbins, 1686-8, 92, 1701 William Arms, 1734 

Benjamin Hastings, 1686-8 Maj. Elijah Williams, 1735-S, 40, 1-6, 
Dea. Thomas French, 1686-8,90-93, 8, 1752-4, 6, 7, 59, 60-5, 7, 8 

1700, 2, 9, 10, 12, 13 Nathaniel Hawks, 1739 

Lieut. Thomas Wells, 1689 Col. John Hawks, 1740, 9, 52, 3, 63, 5, 7, q 

John Catlin, 1689, 90, 4, 5, 7, 1700 Col. David Field, 1742, 4, 5, 8, 9, 50, 3, 
Capt. Jonathan Wells, 1689,90, 3, 5, 6, 1754> 8, 9, 60-2, 4, 5, 7-76 

169S, 9, 1703, 4, 6, 7, 9, II, 13, 25 Capt. Mathew Clessjn, 1745. 7, 9, 50, 
Samuel Northam, i68g 1754-6 

Joseph Barnard, 1689 Dr. Thomas VVillianis, 1746, 8 

|ohn Allyn, 1689, 94, 5 Samuel Childs, Jr., 1747, 57, 61, 3 

Two boards were chosen in 1689,0116 John Sheldon, 1747 

May 30, the other Dec. 23. .Samuel Hinsdale, 1748 

Lieut. David Hoyt, 1690. 2, g, 1701 Edward Allen, 1 74S 

Daniel Belding, 1690, 5, 6, 1705, 6 Col. William Williams, 1749, 51 

Samson Frary, 1691 Col. Ebenezer Hinsdale, 1750-2 

Edward Allyn, 1694, 5, 1705, 8-10. 13, Ebenezer Smead, 1751 

1716 Daniel Arms, Jr., 1752, 5, 6,8-60, 2, 6, 74 

Simon Beaman, 1692 John .^rms, Jr., 1752, 8, 60, i 

John Porter, 1693 Ens. Joseph Barnard, 1753-6, 8, 9, 61, 
Godfrey Nims, i6g5, 6 1763-5, 7, 72, 3, 8, 81 

John Hawks, 1697 Timothy Childs, 1753 

Dea. Eleazer Elavvks, 1699, 1701, 3-6, Joseph Stebbins, 1758, 07, 82 

1708, 10, II, 13, 14, 16, 20, 3, 6 Samuel Wells, 1759, 61 

Nathaniel Sutlief, 1702 Jonathan Hoyt, Jr., 1762, 6, 9. 71, 4 

John Richards, 1702 Capt. David Hoyt, 1760, 4, 5, 83-7, go 

Samuel Carter, 1703, 4 Asahel Wright, 1762, 6, 70, g 

Capt. Thomas Wells, 1707-g, 11, 13, Dea. Jeremiah Nims, 1762, 7, 70, 8, 82 

1717, 20, 22, 25, 28, 30, 32 Maj. Salah Barnard, 1764, 5, 8, 70, 3, 5. 8 

Ebenezer Smead, 1707, g, 10, 12, 14, Esq. Jonathan Ashley, 1765, f), 71, 72 

1716, 18, 25 Nathan Frary, 1768 

Ebenezer Brooks, i7og, 10, 17 Dea. Jonathan Arms, I76g, 74, 87, g, 92 

Joseph Brooks, 1711 Lieut. John Russell, 1775 

John Smead, 1711 Lieut. John Bardwell, 1776-8 

Judah Wright, 1712 Samuel McCall, 1779 

John Arms, 1712, 18, 22, 27, 31 Esq. David Sa.xton, 1779, Si, 5-8, 95 

Benjamin .Munn, 1712, 13, 24, 6 Elihu Field, 1779, 82 

Samuel Field, 1713, 18, 21 Ebenezer Wells, I77g 

Samuel Childs, 1714, 18, 24, 43 Jo+in Sheldon, I77g 

Joseph Atherton, 1715 Eldad Bardwell, 17S0 

Capt. Samuel Barnard. 1717 Lieut. Thomas Bardwell, 1780 

John Catlin, 1718, 21, 3, 4, 8 Eliphalet Dickinson, 17S0 

Ens. Jonathan Wells, Jr., I7ig Samuel Harding, 17S1 

Ebenezer Wells, 1720, 4, 6, 7, 9, 31, 4, .Amzi Childs, 1782, 9,91, 2, 7, 9 

1735, 6, g, 40-46 Col. Thomas W. Dickinson, 1781, 5, 6, 
Thomas French, Jr., 1721, g, 33, 6-8, I7g6i 8, iSoi, 7 

1742, 3, 6, 7 Levi Newton, 1781 

Joseph Severance, 1722 Esq. Samuel Barnard, Jr., 1782-7 

Samuel Taylor, 1724, 32 Esq. Samuel Field, 17S2, gi 

Moses Nash, 1725 Maj. Seth Catlin, 1783-7. g3, 98 

Lieut. Jonathan Hoyt, 1727, 30, 4, 5, Dr. Elihu Ashley, 17S3, 4, g, go 

1739. 51 Paul Hawks, 1784 

Capt. Ebenezer Sheldon, 1728 Zur Hawks, I78g, gs, 7, i8o7 

John Beaman, 1728 Aaron Arms, 1788 

John Nims, I72g Lieut. Abner Cooley, 178S, gi, g, 1803, 
Daniel Arms, 1730 1806 


Samuel Childs, 178S Zebina Stebbins, 1832 

Col. Joseph Siebbins.iySg, 95, 6,9,1801, 2 Alvah Hawks, 1S31, 35,36 

Lieut. Joseph Barnard. 1789, 92, 4, 6, 7 Allen Mansfield, 1834-6, 49-51, 3, 4, 6, 

Moses Chandler, 1791 1859, 60, 61, 62 

Dea. Seth Nims, 1792, 3, 8, 1811-16, 19 George Wright, 1836 

Asahel Wright, Jr., 1792, 4, 1800, 2 Ira Abercrombie, 1S36, 9, 41-S 

Capt. Elijah Arms, Jr., 1793, 7, 1800, Ephraim Williams, 1837-9, 4o-44. 49. 

1805, 8, 9, 11-16, 19, 20 1850-2 

David Hoyi, Jr., 1793, 1800 Eli Cooley, Jr., 1837, 8 

David Saxton, Jr., 1794 Cephas Clapp, 1839-47 

Eliakim Arms, 1794, 5, 7. 1802, 7, (8 Eli Wright, 1845 

Col. Asa Stebbins, 1794, 1S04-12, 17, Charles Williams, 1846 

1S18, 32, 33 Daniel Felton, or Tilton, 1748 

Capt. William Tryon, 1795, 1S04 Henry King Hoyt, 1848 

Esq. John Williams, 1797, 9, 1800 Ralph Clapp, 1849-51, 5, 6 

Solomon Williams, 1799, 1800 William Sheldon, 1852-5 

Abner Cooley, 1799, 1803 Sumner Dunlap, 1852 

William S. Williams, 1802 Almon DeWolf, 1853,4 

Augustus Lyman, 1803, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, Almun Bryant, 1855 

1813, 15, 16, 21 Horatio Hawks, 1857, 8 

Ebenezer H. Williams, 1803, 6, 8, 13, Elisha Wells, 1857, 8, 9, 60-2 

1817, 18 James C. Arms, 1857, 8 

Hezekiah W. Strong, 1804 Dexter Childs, 1859, 60, 3-6, 70, i 

Elihu Hoyt, 1S04, 8, 12, 15, 16, 18, 25,29 Philo Temple, 1861, 2 

Samuel Wells. Jr., 1805, 12, 14 George W. Jones, 1863-9, 72. 3. 82 

Abner Cooley, Jr., 1806 Charles Arms, 1863-6, 71 

Eliel Allen, 1809 Josiah Brown, 1867-9 

Eli Cooley, 1810 Charles Jones, 1867-78 

Ebenezer Newcomb, Jr., 1810-15 Samuel D. Billings, 1870 

John Nelson, 1816, 20 Charles Hager, 1872 

George Arms, 1817, 18 George W. Smith, 1873 

Orlando Ware, 1817, 18, 20-23, 28, 29, Charles E. Williams, 1874-6 

1832, 33 Albert Stebbins, 1874, 5 

Stephen Whitney, 1819, 20, 2, 3, 5, 31, 3 Joel DeWolf, 1S76, 7 

Charles Hitchcock, 1819, 20, 2, 3 Charles P. Aldrich, 1S77-9, S2-4 

Amos Russell, 1S21, 26-29, 30 Lester L. Luey, 1878 

Dennis Stebbins, 1824, 25-7, 30, 34-37 Jona. Ashley, 1879 

Zebediah Graves, 1824 Robert Abercrombie, 1S79, 83 

Rufus Saxton, 1826, 27 Henry C. Haskell, 1882-5 

Seth Sheldon, 1830 James A. Hawks, 1884-5 

Baxter Stebbins, 1831 Dexter F. Hager, 1885 
Asa Stebbins, Jr., 1831, 38, 47 

Up to 1779, the board of selectmen had also performed the 

duties of as.sessors ; that year a separate board was chosen :— 


Capt. David Hoyt, 1779, 89,92,4,9, 1803 Jonathan Hoyt, 1789, 92, 3, 5 

Dea. Jonathan Arms, 1779, 90, 6 Capt. Abner Cooley, 1791 

Joseph Stebbins, 1779, 82, 6, 7, 95 Dea. Jonathan Arms, 1796 

Dea. Jeremiah Nims, 1780 Solomon Williams, 1796, 8-1812 

Hon. David Saxton, 1780 Col. Thomas W. Dickinson, 1797. 1801 

Lieut. Joseph Barnard, 1780, 7 Zur Hawks, 1798, 1802 

Esq. Jonathan Ashley, 1781 Lieut. David Hoyt, 1799, 1803 

Lieut. Elijah Arms, 1781-5, 94 Seth Nims, 1799, 1802, 4-8, 10-19 

Elihu Field, 1781 Elijah Arms, 1801, 6-9, 14, 20 

Esq. John Williams, 1782,3, 8, 1800 William Tryon, 1802 

Samuel Childs, 2d, 1783, 91, 2 Elihu Hoyt, 1804, 9, 11, 12, 15, 20-33 

Elijah Williams, 1784, 97 Eliakim Arms, 1805, 19 

Lieut. John Bardwell, 1784-94. 6, 7 Timothy Billings, 1810 

Amzi Childs, 1784, 8, 98 Asa Stebbins, 1813, 16, 18 

Mathew Ciesson, 1784, 93, 8 George Arms, 1813-18 


Ralph Williams, 1818-25, 30 Cephas Clapp, 1850 

Stephen Whitney, 1821-30 , Ora Sheldon, 1850 

Russell Cooley, 1S25. 6, 7 Edward W. Stebbins, 1851-64 

Edwin Nims, 1S26, 7, 34, 5, 6 Moses Stebbins, 1S52-4 

Augustus Baldwin, 1828 Julius W. Robbins, 1853-62, 8 

John Wilson, 1828 William D. Bates, 1857, 8, 65-71, 4, 6, 7, 8 

Oliver Starr, 1829 Almon Bryant, 1861-2 

Dennis Stebbins, 1831-3 Sumner Dunlap, 1863, 4 

Artemus Williams, 1831, 3-42, 55.6,9,60 Christopher A. Stebbins, 1864-7, 69-74 

Amos Russell, 1832 1876, 7, 8, 82-5 

Asa Stebbins, Jr., 1834-40 Chauncey B. Tilton, 1872, 3 

Loring Thayer, 1837 Joel DeWolf, 1872, 3 

Eli Wright, 1838 Henry C. Haskell, 1874, 5 

Ira Abercrombie, 1839 Alden T. Sprout, 1875 

Henry K. Hoyt, 1840-4, 9, 51,2,6 Dexter Childs, 1876 

Luke Wright, 1841, 2 Zeri Smith, 1876, 7, 8 

Josiah Allen, 1842-48 Alden T. Briggs, 1879, 80, 1, 5 

Horace Williams, 1844-51 Luther W. McClellen, 1880-5 

Willard Allen, 1S45-8 B. F. Bridges, Jr., 1882-4 

James Childs, 1849, ^3~7i. 5 



Rebellion — Town Action. 1861. May 2d, a committee was 
chosen to raise a company of volunteers to serve in the Mas- 
sachusetts Vohmteer Militia "according to the terms of a 
Circular presented to this Meeting." Sixteen hundred dol- 
lars was raised to uniform and clothe a company, or twenty 
dollars for each man who shall enlist. Twelve hundred dol- 
lars was raised for the support of the families of volunteers, 
from which to pay a bounty of ten dollars a month for each 
man in actual service ; one dollar a day for each man while 
drilling. Members of the band who enlisted to have the 
same pay as soldiers. 

1861. Nov. ist, the selectmen are authorized to pay all 
persons entitled to relief under the Act of May last. 

1862. July 23d, voted to pay one hundred dollars bounty 
to each volunteer who shall go towards making up our quota 
of thirty-four men under an order of the Governor of July 
14th, 1862. Sept. 6th, six thousand dollars was voted to be 
paid in bounties to thovse who enlist under the call of the 
President of Aug. 4th, 1862, for three hundred thousand men, 
one hundred dollars to be paid each volunteer, not to exceed 
sixty. Nov. 4th, the selectmen were directed to petition the 
General Court to confirm the doings of the town in raising 
money to pay bounties. 

1863. Jan. 22d, voted to raise one hundred dollars for each 
of the eleven drafted men or the substitutes they procure. 
Voted to instruct our senator and representative in the Gen- 
eral Court to favor a law under which the state should reim- 
burse the towns and cities, the money paid for bounties not 
to exceed one hundred dollars each. 

Apr. 6, 1863 The War Committee reported that shice Apr. i, 
1862 there has been paid, 

To families of volunteers $3,957 96 

To three years men 3.625 00 



Nine months men $4,600 00 

Sept. 26, 1863 Reported expense of Recruiting 795 73 

Refunded by the United States 415 00 

Paid families of volunteers 5.057 54 

Reimbursed by the State 3, 508 31 

For bounties paid volunteers 8,125 00 

The selectmen were authorized to raise the quota of troops 
assigned Deerfield and to pay one hundred and twenty-five 
dollars bounty. 

1864. May 24th, voted to pay three hundred dollars to each 
person drafted "under the call of March 14, 1864 calling for 
200,000 more troops." 

List of soldiers who served for Deerfield in the great Re- 
bellion : — 

Adair, Robert L. 
Allen, George N. 
James M. 
Anderson, Lafayette 
Armstrong, James 
Babcock, Charles S. 
Baker, Henry 

" Henry E. 

Ball, Arthur W. 

" Charles M. 

" Francis W. 

Ballard, Daniel I. 

Bardwell, Dwight 

Dwight W. 
" George VV. 

Barkhart, Casper 
Barnard, Edward E. 

Barnash, Oliver 
Barnes, Leonard A. 
Bates, Alfred VV. 

" Stephen 
Behan, Michael 

Patrick, Jr. 
Belden, Charles A. 

" James 
Bissell, Charles 
Blodgett, Charles G. 
Bolton, Henry E. 
Boobley, Louis 
Brazee, John W. 
" Lorenzo 
Briggs, Francis W. 

Henry E. 
Brown, Charles 
Burghardt, Casper 
Butler, James 
Cahill, James 
Campbell, John M. 
Cantrell, George B. 
Cass, Daniel 
Childs, Alonzo 

George H. 
Church, Henry S. 

Clapp, Alfred D. 
Calvin S. 

" RoUin N. 
Clark, Charles 

" George N. 

" Henry G. 

" Samuel E. 
Class, Christian 
Colly, Frederick 
Cooley, Allen 
Costelow, Richard 
Davis, William G. 
Day, Andrew 
Deane, Francis 
Deering, Henry 
Delland, Charles L. 
Densmore, William 
DeWolf, Abel E. 
Dickens, Philip 
Dodge, Alonzo T. 
Clinton H. 

" Henderson W. 
Nathaniel H. 
Donoughue, James 
Donovan, Daniel 
Dooley, Mathew 
Dunn, Edwin 
Dunning, Joseph 
Eaton, Orrin J. 
Eberlen, John 
Ely, Edwin 
Eppler, John 
Farlander, Joseph 
Finn, Daniel 
" Michael 
Fowler, Edwin T. 
Frink, Sumner 
Fuller, Frank B. 

Furgerson, Thomas 
Gay, Alonzo 

Glassett, Michael 
Goland, Edward D. 
Goodnough, Alfred O. 
Gorman, James 
Grady, James 
Graves, Albert H. 

Dickinson E. 
Greenough, Henry W. 
Grush, Joseph S. 
Hager, Dexter F. 
Hastings, Charles L. 
" George A. 

Henry A. 
" Lorenzo T. 

Hawks, George 
Hayden, Frederick N. 
Haynes, Patrick 
Hays, Edward 
" Patrick 
Herman, Andrew 
Hilton, William J. 
Hitchcock, James C. 
Hoeler, Gotlieb 
Hosmer, Edward J. 
James K. 
Hoyt, Edward 

" George G. 
Hubbard, Elexis R. 
" Frederick A. 

William M. 
Hunter, George 
Huxley, John 
Jackson, John W. 
Jenks, Frank L. 
Jewett, Alvord A. 
Charles E. 
" Gilbert L. 
Johnson, John 
Jones, Alfred G. 
" Frank W. 
" Orrin 
Kelly, Frederick 
Kemp, Dexter 
Kenedey, Michael 



Keyes, Joel Jr. 

Rice, David L. 

Stearns, Hiram M. 

Labell, Frank 

" George W. 

Stewart, James 

Lamb, Charles H. 

Isaac D. 

Stockwell, Charles 

Lanfair, Sclh F. 

Luther L. 

Slowell, Charles 

Leonard, Charles 

Richards, Cliarles 

Cyrus O. 


Ross, Washington 

Myron E. 


Rowland, Joseph 

Sullivan, Cornelius 

Lewey, Harry C. 

Sammis, Lucius H. 

" Joseph 

Listoti, Richard 

Savage, Edward 


Longley, Edward 

Saxtoti, Mirand W. 

Temple, Henry W. 

Lyman, Henry 

Orrin D. 

Thayer, William O. 

Manahan, Ji)hn 

" Thomas 

Tilly, James B. 

Markle, Bathiis 

William P. 

Tilton, Charles G. 

Martin, William 

Sears, Phili]) A. 

Todd, Asa E. 

William G. 

Shehan, Morris 

" David E. 

Melenda, Alphonzo H. 

Shehay, lames 

Stephen O. 

Merrill, Edward D. 

Shehee, Edwin 

" William H. 

Miller, Harlan W. 


Van Wanger, Almon 



Vizzard, George 

Moore, Otis 

Sheldon, James H. 

Wait. Arthur 

Moran, Martin 

Simons, William A. 

Erastus F. 

Morris, William 

Slate, George 

lames L. 

Morton, Edward F. 

Smith, Charles M. 

" William 


David A. 

Ware, John 

Muller, William 

Edwin A. 

Warner, Charles 

Murphy, James 

" Edwin B. 

" Charles J. 

Ockington, Edwin H. 

" Erastus C. 

Wells, George M. 

O'Connell, B. 

George W. 

Whitney, Ebenezer E 

O'Hara, Richard 

Henrv D. 

Wilder,'Henry Jr. 

Orriel, John 

" Henr'y M. 

Williams, Charles S. 

Palmer, John B. 

Solan, John 


Parker, William R. 

Stebbins, Albion 


Peck, Simeon 

B. Washington 

Martin V. 

Pero, William 

James T. 

Wilson, Charles 

Pervere, Dwight C. 

Wellington M. 

Wise, Lyman 

" Horace 

William H. H. 

Wrisley, Justus 

Russell N. 

Sprout, Dana W. 

Zimmerman, John 

Phillips, Charles O. 

Squires, Edgar P. 

Renth, Philip 

Stearns. Hiram B. 


It was while listening to an address by Rev. John F. Moors 
over the body of Col. George D. Wells, who was killed at 
Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 13th. 1864, and thinking of the thou- 
sands of soldiers whose last resting place could never be 
known, and of others sleeping on each great battle field, that 
the idea of a soldiers monument came to one of the audience. 
Then and there a resolution was formed that at the close of 
the war one should be raised in honor of those soldiers who 
had died for Deerfield. At the earliest practical moment, 
after consultation with but a single individual, Samuel Wil- 
lard, a resolution was introduced in town meeting, looking 
towards the accomplishment of that object. The project met 
with general approval ; the result was our soldiers monu- 
ment, one of the earliest and finest of its class. 


This cenotaph is an obelisk of Portland sandstone with a 
base eight feet square, .surmounted by a figure of a soldier in 
fatigue dress standing at rest. The proportions are perfect 
and its ornamentation elegant. The statue is a work of art. 
It stands upon the common of the Old Street, the Training 
Field of the first settlers, which was enclosed in the palisad- 
ed fort of 1690; its site was covered by the meetinghouse of 
1 729-1 824. On the four sides near the base are the inscrip- 
tions given below ; on small panels above these are the names 
of the battle fields on which our men were engaged. 

On the front, facing the east, is inscribed : — 

In grateful appreciation of the Patriotism and self sacrifice of Her 
lamented sons and soldiers, who for their Country and for Freedom 
laid down their lives in the war of the Great Rebellion 

Erects this Monument 
A. D. 1867. 
Their precious dust is scattered on many battle fields, or was has- 
tily buried near some loathsome prison-pen; but their names are 
here perpetuated, and the memory of their brave deeds and willing 
sacrifice shall be cherished in our heart of hearts sacredly and for- 

On the north side : — 

They counted not their lives dear unto them. 

Co. C 21 Mass. Inf'y Co. D 52 Mass. Inf'y 

Myron E. Stowell Sergt. E. J. Hosmer 

Co. H 21 Mass. Inf'y Corp. C. C. Stowell 

David E. Todd Edwin F. Morton 

Co. A 37 Mass. Inf'y Alonzo T. Dodge 

Seth P. Lanfair B. Washington Stebbins 

Co. A 38 Mass. Inf'y Henry Lyman 

George N. Allen Dana W. Sprout 

Co. A 57 Mass. Inf'y - Francis M. Ball 

John Zimmerman Alfred O. Goodnough 

Co. D I Conn. Cav Francis W. Briggs 

Henry W. Greenough Alfred D. Clapp 

Sergt. James T. Stebbins, Co. D 31 Mass. Inf'y 

John Williams " " " " 

Sergt. Henry S. Church, Co. F 31 Mass. Inf'y 

On the south side : — 

Loyal unto death. 

Co. A 10 Mass. Inf'y Co. A 34 Mass. Inf'y 

Luther Rice Andrew Herman 

Dwight C. Pervere Co. F 34 Mass. Inf'y 

Russell Pervere Charles Wilson 


Co. C lo Mass. Jnf'y Co. I i Mass. H. Art'y 
Corp. N. H. Dodge William H. Todd 

Co. K 20 Mass. Inf'y Edwin A. Smith 

George A. Hastings Co, F 2 Mass. H. Art'y 
Charles L. Hastings Dwight W. Bardwell 

Co. C 27 Mass. Inf'y Co. 1 2 Mass. H. Art'y 
Sergt. 13. O'Connell Edgar P. Squires 

James C. Hitchcock Co. A i Mass. Cav. 
Frank W. Jones Michael Glassett 

Arthur Wait Co. E 1 Mass. Cav. 
John W. Brazee Henry J. Wilder 

Co. G 27 Mass. Inf'y John Manahan 

Justus Wrisley Leonard A. Barnes 

On the west face: — 

This monument stands upon the old meetinghouse hill and is with- 
in the limits of the 

Old I'ort 

built A. 1). 1689, and which remained until 175S,* and was one of 
the chief defenses of the early settlers against the attacks of the 
savage Indians. 

W'ith pious affection and gratitude their descendants wouUl here- 
by associate the sacrifices and sulTerings of the fathers of the town 
in establishing our institutions with those of their chiklren in defcnil- 
ing them. 

Aye, call it holy ground 

The spot where first thej' trod ; 
They have left unstained what here they found — 

Freedom to worship God. 

Thi.s montimcnt was dedicated witli interesting ceremo- 
nies Sept. 4th, 1867, under tlie direction of Josiah Fog-g, 
Cliarles Arms, George Sheldon and Nathaniel Hitchcock, the 
committee of arrangements. James K. Hosmer was presi- 
dent of the day, and (ieorgc W. Jones, chief marshal. Na- 
thaniel Hitchcock, in behalf of the committee under whose 
direction the monitment was raised, made a detailed report 
of their doings, and committed the monument to the care of 
the town. 

An eloquent oration was delivered by Senator Henry L. 
Dawes of Pittsfield, and an original poem by E. W. H. Can- 
ning of Stockbridge. The following odes, by natives of 
Deerfield, were written for the occasion: — 



Tunc — "/^ inerica. " 
Through all the valley's length 
*The fort was built in 1690, and it was demolished many years before 1758. 


A voice of joyful strength 

Breaks forth in song; 
Blood of the patriot dead, 
Blood for one's country shed, 
Blood unto justice wed. 

Makes nations strong. 

Bend, elms, your lotty crests, 
Where'er a soldier rests 

Embalmed in tears! 
Winds, pipe a requiem strain, 
Where upon hill or plain. 
Blood of a hero slain 

The soil endears! 

The prisoner's wretched pen, 
The picket guard's lone fen, 

Have earned and won 
Fame, that shall never die 
While our starred colors fiy, 
Brave as our eagle's eye. 

Against the sun. 

Rise, storied shaft! and bear 

Their names, whose deeds make fair 

The glorious page; 
Where writ in words like gold, 
Columbia's struggle bold, 
Truth against Wrong, is told 

To latest age. 

O native vale, most dear! 

Shout forth glad Freedom's cheer 

From hill to hill. 
Shades of our fathers! ye 
Bled but to make us free: 
Trust us; the land shall be 

True Freedom's still! 



Ttaie — " jfohii Brown's Body." 

We consecrate this sculptural pile to valiant men of yore. 
Whose names and fame are linked with yours, bright hills, forevermore, 
And dear ones that but just have passed our darkened thresholds o'er ; 

Their fan>e is marching on ! 

Chorus. Glory! glory to these martyrs ! 

Their fame is marching on ! 

On this enduring monument their deathless names we stamp, — 
The heroes of the battlefield, the prison and the camp. 
Whose brave hearts bore them onward thro' the weary, weary tramp; 

The Right was marching on ! 

Chorus. Glory! glory to these martyrs! &c. 

Mid burning homes and slaughtered babes, and war-whoop yells of fear. 
With blood and strife and agony were won these fields of deer — 
These peaceful vales, in beauty now, like Heaven reposing here; 

Their God was marching on! 

Chorus. Glory! glory to these martyrs! &c. 

And once again to crush the Wrong the nation rose in might; 
And from the guns of Lexington to Yorktown's dawn of light. 


Like Rizpah with her murdered sons, was watching thro' the night. 

The Day was marching on ! 

Chorus. Glory! glory to these martyrs! (S:c. 

And when from Sumter's sullen walls, the blast defiant rung, 
For Union and her shattered flag our h^yal sons have sprung, 
And to the dear old stripes and stars with dying grasp have clung; 

The Right was marching on! 

Chorus. Glory! glory to these martyrs! &c. 

In our country's hour of peril it was theirs to do and dare; 
'Tis ours to guard their sacred fame with reverence and with care; 
And the heritage of freedom to our children we will hear. 

For God is marching on! 

Chorus. Glory! glory to these martyrs! &c. 



''Tunc— Old Hundred." 

Brave spirits of the olden time, 

Through lone and pathless wilds ye trod: 

The peaceful homes that smile to-day, 

Are your bequest through toil and blood. 

No longer round the cabin door, 

The dusky warrior prowls by night ; 

But hark ! the trumpet call — " To arms !" 
The battle cry is Truth and Right. 

They come ! they come ! the martyr band, 
To break the bondman's heavy chain, 

That nobly great and grandly free, 
Our native land may smile again. 

O Patriot sons ! O Pilgrim sires ! 

In time remote, — in valor one ! 
Through circling years your deeds shall live 

In loving hearts and sculptured stone. 



We've come to-day from near and far. 

To this dear native vale. 
And heard the story of the Past, — 

That well-remembered tale. 

Chorus. The days of auld lang syne we sing, 
And Freedom's struggle new! 
And thank God for our noble sires, 
And our brave boys in blue! 

What stalwart arms! what dauntless hearts! 

What deeds of high renown, 
Were sanctified by precious blood 

To plant this ancient town! 

Chorus. The days of auld lang syne we sing, &c. 

Nor need we turn to bygone )'ears 

To find heroic deed; 
Our own dead soldiers left a fame 

That he who runs may read. 

Chorus. The days of auld lang syne we sing, &c. 


Names that to us were household words, 

Are now a nation's pride; 
And we have learned that once we walked 

With heroes by our side! 

Chorus. The days of auld lang syne we sing, &c. 

Old Deerfield's sons are scattered wide 

Throughout our favored land; 
God grant they all may meet above, 

An undivided band! 

Chorus. The days of auld lang syne we sing, &c. 



It being impossible to obtain the date of the commission 
in many cases, the date of birth is given as a means of iden- 
tifying parties, there being often several men in town bear- 
ing the same name. The officers of the Franklin Cadets and 
" Companv H" will follow. 

Epaphras Hoyt, 1765 
Stephen S. Whitney, iSii 


Rufus Saxton. U. S. A., 1834 
Benjamin F. Bridges, 1836 

John Wells, 1700 
John Hawks, 1707 
Ebenezer Hinsdale, 1707 
David Field, 1712 
William Williams, 1713 
Thomas Williams, 171S 
Samuel VVells, 1730 

Elijah Williams, 1712 
John Arms, 1722 
Salah Barnard, 1725 
Seth Catlin, 1734 
David Dickinson, 1747 


Thomas Wells Dickinson, 

Joseph Stebbins, 1755 
.■\sa Stebbins, 1767 
Elihii Hoyt, 1771 
Thomas H. Gilbert, 
Thomas W. Ashley, 1776 


John Russell, 1761 
\Villiam Bull, 1762 
Dennis Stebbins, 177S 
John C. Hoyt, 1786 
bra Sheldon, 1786 

John Wilson, 17S5 
David Bryant, 
David Wright, 1791 
(ieorge Clay, 
Horatio Hawks, 1819 
Henry M. Phillips, 1845 

Samuel Willard Saxton, 

U. S. A., 1S29 
Pharcellus Dean Bridges, 


Jonathan Wells, 1657 

John Sheldon, 1658 

Thomas Wells, 1678 

Joseph Clesson, 1680 

Samuel Barnard, 1684 

Timothy Childs, 1686 

Martin Kellogg, 1686 

Joseph Kellogg, i6go 

Ebenezer Sheldon, 1691 

John Catlin, 1704 

Samuel Childs, 1712 

Mathew Clesson, 1713 

Ebenezer Sheldon, 1714 

Thomas Dickinson, 171S David Hoyt, 1751 

Nathan Frary, 1719 Oliver Shattuck, 1751 

Othniel Taylor, 1719 Elijah Arms, 1760 


Timothy Childs, 1720 
Samuel Barnard, 1721 
John Amsden, 1721 
Ebenezer Arms, 1721 
Ebenezer Wells, 1723 
Amasa Sheldon, 172b 
Jonas Locke, 1727 
Benjamin Hastings, 172S 
Agrippa Wells, 1733 
Lawrence Kemp, 1735 
Abner Mitchell, 1738 
Moses Arms, 1747 
Elisha Nims, 1749 

Abijah Harding, 1760 
Seth Nims, 1762 
William Tryon, 
Jonathan Arms, 1766 
Eliakim Arms, 1767 
Erastus Barnard. 1769 
Samuel Wells, 1772 
Zebina Russell, 
Nathan Frary, 1781 
Charles Hitchcock, 17S5 
Zebediah Graves. 1787 
Edward Hitchcock, 1793 
Eli Cooley, 1798 
Cephas Clary, 1812 
Mirand W. Saxton, U. S. 
A., 1844 

ueerfield's independent company. 869 


Joshua Pumroy, 1646 John Bardwell, 1735 Richard Catlin, 1773 

Thomas Wells, 1654 Joseph Barnard. 1741 Quartus Hawks, 1778 

David Hoyt, 1657 David Stebbins, 1741 Thomas Asa Gates, 1788 

Thomas Taylor, 1680 Thomas Bardwell, 1744 Amasa Smith, 178S 

Jonathan Hoyt, 1688 Abner Nims, 1744 Ephraim Williams, U.S.A., 

Benjamin Hastings, 1699 Abner Cooley, 1748 1837 

Daniel Severance, 1702 Horace Brooks, Charles O. Phillips, 1840 

Jonathan Hoyt, 1728 Elihu McCall, 1754 (?) 

Samuel Wells, 1729 Ebenezer Stebbins, 1763 


Jonathan Wells, 1684 Jonathan Severance, 1725 Ichabod Nelson. 

Samuel Taylor, 1716 Moses Hawks, 1737 

Joseph Barnard, 1717 Josiah L. Arms, 1788 


This crack independent company of militia was organized 
in 1823. Its originator and moving spirit was Elijah Wil- 
liams, 2d. After drilling once a week for six months, the 
company paraded for the first time July 4th, 1824, in all the 
glory of a new uniform and new guns. Their guns were made 
to order at Springfield, and were of exactly the same pat- 
tern. They arrived via the Connecticut river and vSunder- 
land, the morning of the parade. During the day a beautiful 
silk standard was presented to the company by the women of 
Deerfield. The presentation speech was made from the por- 
tico of Dr. William S. Williams's house, by " Little Mary " 
Hawks. She delivered the colors to Ensign Samuel Barnard 
Williams, who returned the thanks of the company in a fit- 
ting and feeling response. The day ended with a banquet 
given the cadets at the house of Ebenezer Hinsdale Williams, 
father of Elijah. 

The writer, then six years old, was an eye witness to the 
exciting events of this day, hut as he did not take notes he 
can give only the above meagre report from memory. 

The Cadets appeared under arms quite often after that, 
and training days were great occasions for the boys and oth- 
er camp followers, who watched the wonderful evolutions 
with mingled feelings of admiration and awe. The drill was 
almost machine like, and in company firing the captain was 
never satisfied if more than one report could be detected. 
They had regular army tents, and often camped out under 
strict military discipline. They were always prominent 
on " Musfer days," and were in great demand and had a 
leading share in the many public celebrations in the town. 


Their uniform was showy and picturesque ; blue dress coats 
decked with a profusion of gilt buttons, white duck trousers, 
high, bell crowned sole leather helmets, surmounted by tall, 
black waving plumes, those of the officers being tipped with 
white or red. Its last parade was in 1854. 

The following list of officers was furnished by Capt. Elisha 
Wells. The first officers were: captain, Elijah Williams; lieu- 
tenant, Seth Nims ; ensign, Samuel B. Williams. 


Elijah Williams, 2d, Henry Stebbins, Lewis Brown, 

Charles lloyt, George Wright, Dwight jewelt, 

David Hoyt, Henry King ILjyt, Elisha Wells, 

John George Williams, Horatio Hawks, William S. Briggs. 

LiKUTENANTS AND ENSRJNs (not scrviiig as captains). 

Seth Nims, Clark Hutchins, 

Samuel Barnard Williams, Charles Stebbins Williams, 

Claudius Herrick Stebbins, Benjamin Cantrell, jr., 

Carlos Allen, Richard Catlin Arms, 

Seneca Arms, Charles Smith, 

Edward Russell, Charles Jones, 

Henry Smith, Moses Stebbins Ward. 

Philo Temple, Elijah Barnard Hastings, Jona. M. Mann. 

Philo Temple beat the long roll for every parade of the 
Cadets from first to last. His drum is now preserved in Me- 
morial Hall. 


Henry Smith, Seneca Lincoln, Samuel G. Duncan, 

Charles Moulton, Albert A. Field, George W. Potter, 

George Wilson, Hiram McKee, Ralph Childs. 

Ira Billings, Asa B. Munn, Moses Eddy, 

Calvin Guellow, Ralph Childs, Alonzo Howland. 

John C. Briggs, Warren Woods, 

Company H, 2d Regiment, M. V. M., was removed from 
Northampton to Deerfield in 1871, largely through the ef- 
forts of Gen. Benjamin F. Bridges. Its headquarters have been 
at Bloody Brook.* 


Charles S. Babcock, Pharcellus D. Bridges, 

Benjamin F. Bridges, 

Benjamin F. Bridges, Samuel E. Clark. 

Charles Stowell, Charles S. Thayer. « 

Alonzo Childs, 

*This company was discontinued in 1894. 



Charles Stowell, Charles S. Thayer, 

P. D. Bridges, Worthy D. Lyman, 

Samuel E. Clark, Alonzo Childs. 

The Old Deerficld Cannon. The old iron six-pounder, 
known to several generations as the " Old Cannon," once had 
a mate. The why or when of their separation is uncertain, 
as is also the time of their advent in Deerfield. It is a pretty 
safe conjecture, however, to suppose the pair were brought 
here by Gov. Belcher at the time he held a treaty with sev- 
eral Indian tribes at Deerfield in August, 1735. There is 
is a constant tradition that Gov. Belcher presented them to 
the town, — what more fitting time than this? They would 
add much to the eclat of the occasion, and be expressive ad- 
juncts to the show of power by the English. In 1737, there 
was another meeting with the tribes at Fort Dummer. Prob- 
ably the mate of our old gun was taken up there at this time. 
At any rate, soon after this, there was a " Great Gun " at the 
fort, not otherwise accounted for. During the " Old French 
War" and the "Last French War," this "Great Gun" was 
fired to give warning to the settlers, whenever Indians, or 
signs of them, were discovered by the scouts, and also to call 
for help in case of an attack. On the conquest of Canada 
and the consequent dismantlement of Fort Dummer, this gun 
was probably taken by Col. Israel Williams, the military com- 
mander of the frontier, to his home in Hatfield. However it 
got there, it is certainly next found at Hatfield, as we shall 
see by record history to follow, and its fate we know as de- 
scribed by eye witnesses. 

Returning to its mate in Deerfield, an interesting episode 
in its history is found in the subjoined petition : — 

To the Honorable, the Council and Representatives of the State of 
Massachusetts Bay 

The petition of Jonathan Hobby most Humbly sheweth That 
your petitioner in April last Imployed Major James Gray of Stock- 
bridge to purchace Cannon for a privateer belonging to your Peti- 
tioner, among those purchaced by the said Major Gray was one 
purchaced of Coll William Williams of Pittsfield, and that the said 
Major Gray came to Deerfield where the Cannon lay; in removing of 
it out of 'Fown was interrupted by the Committee of said Town of 
Deerfield and the Cannon Conveyed Back, to the loss and damage of 
your petitioner 

Therefore your petitioner humbly prays your Hon" would send 


orders to said Committee to deliver said Cannon to your i)clitioner, 
and your petitioner as in Duty liound shall ever Pray. 

Watertown 24 Sept. 1777. Jon. Homiv. 

This petition recently fotmd among the Mass. Archives 
gives a new chapter in the adventures of the old cannon. 
Since that date, parties have often been " interrupted " while 
attempting the " reinoving of it out of Town," but this is the 
earliest instance on record. Of later attempts, many tradi- 
tions and many living men do testify. By the same author- 
ity it has often been " Conveyed Back " from the hands of the 
spoiler, with many a hap and mishap. 

"The Committee," of whom Hobby complained, were the 
leading Whigs. Those familiar with the history of Deerfield 
during the Revolution and the character of these men, may 
easily picture the excitement here when the operations of 
Maj. Gray were discovered, and also the manner of their "in- 
terruption " when he was overhauled by the cominittee, as 
well as the triumph with which it was "conveyed back" to 
the town. Col. Williams had been commissary during the 
French war with headquarters at Deerfield, the old gun may 
have been under his care. He may have thought he had a 
right to sell it ; let us hope so, although his private character 
gives no warrant that this hope can be very confidently cher- 
ished. As a warm Tory he may have thought that while 
putting a pretty penny in his pocket he was serving the king 
by removing one obstacle from the path of Burgoyne, who 
was planning a little summer trip over the Green Mountains 
to the Connecticut Valley, and he had like-minded kin in 
Deerfield whom he felt he could trust to aid and abet liim. 
It was probably in consequence of Hobby's petition that, 
three weeks later, the General Court passed a vote to look up 
and secure any stray arms that might be found belonging to 
the state. Very likely it was in response to some action un- 
der this vote that at the March meeting, 1777, the town "voted 
that the Town will not dispose of the two pieces of cannon." 
At the opening of the War of Impressment the guns again 
appear on record : — 

July 12, 1 81 2 voted that the Selectmen of this Town be directed 
to make application to the Selectmen of Hatfield, for the cannon in 
their custody belonging to this Town 

Voted that the Selectmen be a committee to make enquiry re- 


specting the expense of mounting the cannon and that they secure 
both cannon. [At an adjourned meeting,] July 20, Voted that 
the Committee Appointed to make enquirey respecting the expense 
of mounting the Cannon be authorized to mount one or both of them, 
if they think propper, at the expense of the Town, 

But they must " first catch the rabbit." Hatfield would not 
g-ive up the gun. Perhaps she claimed it by right of posses- 
sion, but there is nothing touching the matter on Hatfield 
town records. 

March 6, 1815, Art. iS. To see it the Town will adopt any meas- 
ures to get the Cannon now at Hatfield * * * 

Voted that Epaphras Hoyt, Elihu Hoyt, and Pliny Arms, Esquires, 
be a committee to take such measures as they think proper to re- 
cover the cannon belonging to this Town, now at Hatfield. 

No sequel to this action has been found. The cannon 
loaned to Hatfield never came back. In the course of time, 
for some unknown reason, — or none at all, — Hadley put in a 
claim for ownership. Many a sharp trial of skill and craft, 
and sometimes of force, was had for its possession on festive 
occasions, and many a trip across the river from town to town 
it has taken by stealth and in darkness. The towns quarreled 
like thieves over the prize, like the savage captors over the un- 
fortunate Miss Jane McCrea, and its fate was identical with 
hers. The strife ended in the destrtiction of both. About 
1840, after firing it in an insulting manner from "High 
Banks," towards Hatfield, the vandals of Hadley loaded the 
piece to the muzzle and it was burst into fragments. Dr. 
Bonney of Hadley, from whom I learned its fate, and Almon 
C. Williams, who was on the ground and saw the fragments 
soon after the catastrophe, both familiar with this gtm, unite 
in describing it as being in every respect the very counter- 
part of our old cannon in Memorial Hall. 

In my boyhood days the fact of this loan to Hatfield seems 
to have been lost sight of, btit there was a general belief that 
our old cannon once had a mate, and various stories existed 
to accottnt for its disappearance, a favorite one being that it 
had been stink in Broughton's pond. 

It was probably under the vote of the town that our di. 
vorced piece was mounted on a regular gun-carriage. From 
my earliest recollection it was in this condition, and was 
"stored" on the common. Year in and year out, summer 


and winter, it was an attractive center of our play-ground. 
On some morning, about the last of June of each year, the 
old cannon would be missing. By the hands of either friends 
or foes it had been taken into retirement, in anticipation of 
the "glorious fourth." Few knew of its whereabouts until 
it woke the echoes on that eventful morning. If, as it some- 
times happened, it announced itself in the hands of the en- 
emy, — usually the Greenfield boys, — there was mustering in 
hot haste for its rescue, and gathering for resistance on the 
other side ; cool heads became hot, and hot heads were 
broken. Usually victory perched on our banner, but some- 
times, alas, on that of the enemy. On one occasion, some- 
where about 1S54, we learned it was buried in a newly dug 
cellar in Greenfield street. The fall of that night found a 
sturdy crowd armed with bludgeons, headed by one of the 
selectmen, marching silently northward. At Cheapside, a 
returned scout reported the place of sepulchre empty. Thus 
balked, we marched back again. It became known years af- 
ter that the old cannon had been taken the night before up 
into Greenfield Meadows four miles, and buried in a four- 
acre lot, which was all plowed over before morning. It lay 
there for years, until the captors found the fun of keeping 
the secret growing stale, and so revealed the place of hiding. 
I note this as one of the innumerable adventures of the old 
cannon. I will speak of one other at a much earlier date, per- 
haps about 1808. It had been spirited away by Conway men. 
On discovering its whereabouts, a battalion of young and old 
started on horseback for its rescue, under the lead of Col. 
Joseph Stebbins and Rufus Saxton. On news of their inten- 
tion, the Conway people placed the gun in sanctuary. P)Ut 
this was soon to be violated. The meetinghouse was sur- 
rounded by a superior force. The old cannon was demanded, 
but refused. But, sanctuary, or no sanctuary, the men were 
after it. With uplifted axe Col, Stebbins stood before the 
door, and five minutes were allowed in which to give it up. 
At the fourth minute a parley was called, and the terms of 
surrender were soon arranged. Seeing powder among the 
Deerfield men, to prevent their adding insult to humiliation, 
one vStipulation was that the gun should not be fired by the 
victors until they reached Deerfield ; this was agreed to. But 
the moment they crossed the town line on the high lands at 


HoosAc, the troop halted, and the astonished denizens of 
Pumpkin Hollow soon heard their houses rattling about their 
ears, and their late captive exulting in thunder tones over its 
freedom. We really believed the old cannon had a personal- 
ity. How else could its voice always be in harmony with the 
occasion, as it certainly was, unless our imaginations deceived 

The old cannon was often fired on the common, and woe 
betide the windows of the surrounding houses, if the lower 
sash was not raised before the first boom ; even then, some 
damage was apt to follow. The householders tired of this 
after a while, and the gun was now and then found spiked 
over night. This must have been at one time uncommonly 
well done, that the town should be called upon to take a hand 
in the matter. 

At a town meeting, April 9th, 1828, Art. 9 of the warrant 
was: "To see if the town will take means to unspike the 
old cannon, or take any measures to recover damages of the 
person or persons who spiked the same. Voted in the nega- 
tive." The spikers had been on the alert, and Art. 10 in the 
warrant was: "To see if the Town will authorize the Select- 
men to sell or otherwise dispose of the old cannon belonging 
to the Town." This was an offset to Art. 9, put in by the 
spikers, who had force enough to back it, and it was, — 

Voted that the Selectmen be directed to deposit the cannon in 
some safe and convenient place, and not to suffer it to be used on 
any occasion without special permission, and only at such places as 
they shall direct, and upon no occasion within the limits of the Town 
Street Village. 

I do not think the provisions of this vote were very strictly 
enforced; it depended a good deal upon who the selectmen 
were. The old men sometimes forgot they were ever young 
and through their means, the old cannon would now and then 
mysteriously disappear. It would be buried, perhaps, for 
years at a time, until some one " peeped," or it was discovered 
by accident. It was usually heard from on these occasions. 
Every fibre of the old gun must be of the very best material. 
It has been abtised in every possible way with never a bit of 
paint or drop of oil, or the slightest care ; it has long been 
corroded by rust inside and outside, and by all scientific stand- 
ards it should have gone to fragments long years ago with 


the lightest charge; but it has never gone back on its trust- 
ing friends of its own will. By gross carelessness, however, 
the last time it was loaded a premature discharge occurred, 
by which three men were mangled and maimed for life. 

In i85<S the mayor of Cambridge made application for the 
old cannon, to place it in Fort Washington, the old earth- 
works in that town on the bank of Charles river. Of course 
this was labor lost. 

In 1880, as it seemed almost like inviting murder to allow 
its use any longer, it was given avSafe resting place under the 
wings of the P. V. M. Association and placed in Memorial 

Fire Engines. In March, 1830, a movement was made to 
procure some apparatus for extinguishing fires. A subscrip- 
tion paper was started and forty-six men gave enough to buy 
a pretty good " tub " for those days. A volunteer company 
was organized under the statutes, which did fairly good ser- 
vice when called into the field of its action, and also at its an- 
nual suppers which became a feature of the times. The ma- 
chine was a square box worked by horizontal levers. It was 
housed in a building put up for it by the town on the south- 
west corner of Col. Asa Stebbins's home lot where the old 
schoolhouse of a century ago stood, and where Philo Munn's 
shop now stands. Modern "extinguishers" succeeded it. 

Town House. After the meetinghouse was torn down in 
1824, town meetings were usually held in the hall of the brick 
schoolhouse on the common. In 1 839, the question of build- 
ing a Town House was agitated, and at the March meeting a 
committee of six was chosen to take the matter into consid- 
eration. The result of this movement was an article in the 
April meeting to "see if the town would build two Town 
Houses." Bloody Brook people never failed to claim for them- 
selves the duplicate of anything proposed for the Old vStreet. 
In this case the whole matter fell through. In March, 1841, 
the matter again came up in the same form and came to the 
same end. The main project, however, was not killed or even 
scotched. April 5th, 1841, the town voted to "build a Town 
House, and erect the same on land east of Mr. Beldings 
meetinghouse on land purchased of the Trustees of Deerfield 
Academy, by the subscription of individuals in Deerfield 
Street." The interest of the "Surplus Revenue Fund," and 


the one hundred and fifty dollars for which the "Poor house" 
at Wapping sold, were appropriated towards the expense. 
Pliny Arms, Charles Williams and Timothy Billings were 
made a building committee, with discretionary power as to 
material and size of the house. March, 1842, they reported 
the work done at a cost of $1730. The .structure was of wood, 
one story high. 

The ''Franklin Agricultural Society^ Dec. ist, 1 8 1 3, at a meet- 
ing of the citizens of Deerfield, after due discussion, it was, — ■ 

Resolved that it is Expedient to form an Agricultural Society in 
this Town * * * that Rev. Samuel Willard, Ephraim Williams, P^sq. 
Maj. Ep. Hoyt, Capt. Elihu Hoyt and M'' Augustus Lyman be a 
Committee to form a Constitution. 

Dec. 13th, the committee reported a long preamble and a 
constittition with nineteen minute and prolix articles. This 
was signed by seventy-two men, all but sixteen from the 
" Street " and Wapping. The object of the association was 
declared to be " improvement in the whole management and 
economy of the farm with all its appurtenances." Quarterly 
meetings were to be held in Deerfield on the first Wednesday 
of March, June, September and December. An annual ora- 
tion was provided for the September meeting. It established 
a library; one catalogue, of forty-six leading agricultural 
publications of the time, has come to light. George Arms 
was secretary in 18 14- 15. In 1816 was the "cold summer," a 
diary before me notes a frost Aug. 22d, another Aug. 29th, 
and one Sept. 26th. The crop of Indian corn was almost ut- 
terly ruined. The annual meeting, Sept. 4th, was doubtless 
anything but a festive occasion. In 18 19, Washington's birth- 
day was celebrated by the association at a meeting in Au- 
gustus Lyman's tavern hall. John Wilson was then secretary. 
In 1817 a list shows seventy members. No book of records 
has been found. The society had a short life, but another 
society with the same ends sprang up in its place, under the 
same hands. 

The ''Fanners Association" was incorporated imder an act 
of the General Court, Feb. 13th, 1821. A constitution with 
the inevitable nineteen articles, similar to that of its predeces- 
sor, was adopted. The members of that society were admit- 
ted free members of this, provided they turn over their library, 
which was done. The declared object of this body was, — 


The improvement in the management and economy of a farm: 
promotion of domestic manufactures, and researches into the natu- 
ral history of our county, in the vegetable, animal, and mineral 
kingdoms, so far as they are connected with agriculture. 

No records of this association are found and what came 
out of it, or what became of it, I have no knowledge. Its 
place of meeting was over Orlando Ware's store. 

Burying Yards. The Indians seem to have uniformly buried 
their dead in places peculiarly situated. Their graves have 
been rarely, if ever, found in any other. They selected a 
point or promontory running out from some plain and over- 
looking, a stream of water, and the meadows towards which 
its sides fell off abruptly. Many such have been identified : 
The northwest corner of my own home lot, — five or six rods 
of which have been dug away, — with Great Pasture Brook be- 
low it: Broughton's Hill, east of Broughton's Pond; this has 
been lowered several feet: Bars plateau, where a point jutted 
out between Boggy Meadows on one side, and Stebbins 
Meadow on the other, a little south of Gifford's bridge; this 
has been obliterated by the road up the hill, digging gravel, 
etc.: points on the bluffs at Wisdom overlooking the mead- 
ows and the river. Graves might be confidently looked for 
on the northwest corner of Josiah A. Allen's home lot; on land 
of Eliza D. Williams in Sotith Meadows, where Second Divis- 
ion brook sweeps round into Log Meadow ; as also on the 
southeast corner of Petty's Plain, and the northwest corner of 
the home lot of Mrs. Lurane B. Wells, if the rivers at their 
feet have not washed too much away. There seems to have 
been no common burial place as with us ; apparently each 
family or clan had its own, these were probably near their 
wigwams, since in their vicinity Indian relics are always more 
or less abundant. 

The spot selected by the first white settlers and set apart 
for their " God's Acre," was one of the points already so occu- 
pied by the natives; it was the southwest corner of the central 
plateau of the village, at the foot of Hitchcock Lane, and is 
our " old Burying Ground." There rest the fathers and moth- 
ers of the vSettlement. In one awful grave, undistinguished 
save by a faint tradition, were laid the ghastly slain of Feb. 
29th, 1704. There the murdered Mrs. Williams lies beside her 
husband, our first minister. Few of the earlier graves are 


marked by monuments; that to Joseph Barnard, killed by In- 
dians, 1694, bears the oldest date to be found. There rest 
many other victims of the Indian wars, — John Allen, slain at 
the Bars, May nth. 1704; his gallant nephew, Samuel Allen, 
who fell defending his children, 1746; Eleazer Hawks, Adoni- 
jah Gillett, Oliver and Simeon Amsden, who fell at the same 
time; Ebenezer Sheldon, killed in 1746. Many unmarked 
graves contain the ashes of the Broughtons, Wellses, Bel- 
dings, and other victims of inhuman war. Here repose at 
least nine soldiers who followed Turner through the turmoil 
and din of the battle which cost him his life and named the 
scene of the conflict, — -William Arms, Eleazer Hawks, Philip 
Mattoon, Godfrey Nims, Robert Price, William Smead, Ben- 
jamin Wait, Jonathan Wells, the young hero of the occasion, 
and his brother, Thomas Wells. 

The place is beautiful for situation : a southerly view over- 
looking the Pocumtuck river and a far-reaching spread of 
the quiet meadows through which it winds. Pocumtuck Rock 
stands a grim sentinel ever guarding it on the east, while the 
blue of the hills is seen touching the blue of the skies in ev- 
ery direction around it. This was the last resting place for 
the village dead until 1802. To this place the following 
votes refer. 

1703. March 5th, in voting regulations about working on 
the highway, the town also included " clearing the Burying 

1 72 1. The town directed the selectmen to enclose the bury- 
ing place with a fence. This was done and the place was 
thereafter called the " Burying Yard." 

1721, Dec. 7, another method of "clearing" the ground 
was adopted; the town granted, — 

To Edward Fogg the use of the burying yard for feeding, six years, 
and the land lying between the rear of the town lot, Mr. Williams, 
Thomas Wells, his lot, & the river, running North to the top of Lit- 
tle Meadow hill, he to keep the burying yard free from brush, and 
fence it, the town finding the material, provided he does not infring 
on the highway. 

1735. Thomas Wells 2d, was allowed the privilege of feed- 
ing his horses " in the Burying yard this year, provided that 
he pay all damages that shall occur thereby." 

1745. March 4th, voted to lease out the burying yard to 


some person who will " engage to be always ready to dig 
Graves when wanted and will keep said lot clean & well 

1 75 I. Voted to " Fence the Burying Yard with a Good five 
rail fence with a good Gate to enter s'' Yard." 

1755. Dec. I ith, " a committee was chosen to see the Bury- 
ing Yard be well cleared and fenced with a good board fence 
all round except the south side & that to be ditched & the 
east side to be fenced as it is by the present owner of the 
meadow fence." 

1 76 1. It was to be fed with sheep and calves only. In 1776 
it was to be enclosed with a new fence. In 1792, a new fence 
wavS to be built or the old one repaired. 

1802. "Voted to do nothing about fencing the Bur^-ing 

1803. A committee was chosen to buy a new burying yard. 
It was also voted " to recomend discontinuing burying in the 
old Burying Yard." It was high time. It liad l)een in use 
over a century and a quarter and probably room for a new 
tenant could only be made by ejecting or disturbing an old 

The lower part of the ground now called the " Hill burying 
yard," was bought by the town in 1803 for twelve dollars. It 
was on the " east end of Ebenezer Saxton's home lot," and 
appears to have been already occupied lor burial purposes. 
The following note from Henry Hitchcock to my grand- 
mother tells the status of affairs on this place at date. 

Mrs Sheldon January 29'" 1827. At this date 

there is 242 persons buried in the new burying ground. Mrs Bard- 
well has been dead 28 years She died August 1798, aged 62, and 
was taken from the old yard and buried in the new yard. 'I'his num- 
ber includes all in graves and Tombs and not Mr Dennisons daugh- 
ter that was taken u[). 'i'liey began to bury in the yard in 1800.3 
was brought from tlie old yard 

Respectfully y" H Hitchcock 

The purchase of this spot by the town seems to have been 
the beginning of a new order of things. Apparently, down 
to this time, there had been no systematic ownership or care 
of any burial places. There were grave yards convenient to 
the scattered hamlets, but they were on private lands and 
used only on suffrage. But now as the town had bought new 
land for the old street, why should the people in the out parts 


be taxed to pay for it without a corresponding benefit to 
themselves. April 4th, 1 803, the town voted to " buy the bury- 
ing yard at Muddy Brook. Mr. Graves, the original Proprie- 
tor being free from making any fence. Capt. Arms, Capt. 
Cooley, Col. Stebbins, Capt. Tryon, and Eli Cooley," were 
chosen a committee to buy the land and fence. May 2d, Zebe- 
diah Graves deeded to the town "f of an acre Lying in the 
Long Hill Division bounded North & West on his own land, 
South on Eber Allis, and East on the road to Sunderland." 
1804. Voted not to take a deed of the burying ground on 
Mr. John Robbins's land at North Wisdom. 

1806. May 5th, the selectmen were authorized to buy the 
burying yard near Jonathan Cobb's. Price ten dollars. The 
same vote passed two years later. 

The South Wisdom ground was used for burial purposes 
about a hundred years ago. This does not appear to have 
been town property. It lies in a pasture, and has long been 
unused, even the gravestones are in a ruinous condition. 

1807. Voted to fence a burying ground near Ebenezer 
Hoyt's to accommodate the North and South Wisdom school 
districts, "provided they will get a deed of the same, free." 

1 8 10. April 2d, the selectmen were directed to take a deed 
of land for a burying yard in Wisdom and fence the same at 
town charge." The result of this action was that Ebenezer H. 
Williams sold the town for five dollars a lot of eight by ten 
rods, one rod and fourteen links north of the Baptist meet- 
inghouse. It was on "No. 31, in the First Division of Inner 
Commons." The town now called a halt and at the same 
meeting voted not to buy a burying yard in Pine Nook. 

181 1. April I St, voted not ^to buy a piece of land at Mill 
River for a burying yard. In a pasture at Pine Nook, on the 
old Brigham farm, lies a deserted graveyard of unknown or- 
igin, unused for fifty or sixty years. A new one was opened 
in that district about 1812. In 18 16 the town voted twenty- 
five dollars to fence it, on condition the owner give a deed to 
the town. No deed has been found. 

1 8 19. The town voted to raise money for fencing the bury- 
ing yard at Pine Nook and Jonathan Loveland was made an 
agent to secure the money. At Mill River a burial yard was 

established about . In 1826 the town voted to fence this 

ground, provided Mr. Hawks will give a deed of the land. 


In 1859 the lot was enlarged by land bought of Messrs. Tim- 
othy and Charles Phelps. There are also several private 
burial places, Stebbins's at Sugar Loaf ; DeWolf and Hawks's, 
in South Wisdom, and two belonging to the Catholics, in 
North Wisdom, near the Greenfield line; and a part of the 
new "Greenfield Cemetery," lies within our territory. 

Funerals. In the earlier days of our fathers, funeral rites, 
except in case of high officials, were simple and unvarnished 
tributes to the King of Terrors. No heavy financial burden 
was laid upon the survivors by costly and fanciful exhibitions 
of floral art. No pride-fostering show cases, called caskets. 
A receptacle for the dead made in advance would have been 
considered presumptuous if not impious. Each coffin was 
made on the emergency from actual measurement and made 
to fit. They were of pine, stained black, with a small pane 
of glass let into the lid over the face, below this the initials 
of the name, and the age were outlined with brass headed 
tacks. The handles, unless of leather straps or cords of flax, 
were made by the village blacksmith. Was it an incongruity 
when in 1751 the town voted "to purchase a Pall for the use 
of the Town not to exceed the price of iJ's, 8 s, 8 d. Lawful 
Money * * * but if any Person or Persons will ad to sd 
sum so as to purchase a velvet Pall the committee may pro- 
cure that." In the earliest days there was no religious rite 
at the house of the dead. There was no hearse garnished 
with plate glass and nodding plume of sable seen in the fu- 
neral procession. The body was laid upon a bier, and four 
" carriers " bore it to the grave, or if the burden or distance 
required it, a relief of four more was provided ; on each side 
of the bier walked two "pall bearers" each holding a corner 
of the pall which was spread over the coffin. The " mourners" 
followed on foot shrouded in garments of the deepest black, 
made or borrowed for the occasion, and niggardly indeed 
would be considered any who refused to lend their best on 
occasions like this. There was no ceremony at the grave, 
save that the chief mourners, or the persons of highest dig- 
nity present, supported the head of the corpse as it was being 
lowered to its last resting place. There was no official and 
officious sexton. The representative of the bereaved publicly 
thanked the friends who had assembled to bury their dead, 
and the procession returned to the funeral feasts at which 


Strong liquors were an essential part. Gloves were furnished 
the "carriers" and the "bearers," and in families of wealth, 
scarfs and mourning rings were liberally distributed to 
friends of the deceased, and sometimes suits of black clothes 
to dependents. This being sometimes, in large towns, car- 
ried to an extent which " involved a great & unnecessary ex- 
pense." the General Court in 1741 enacted, "That no scarves 
gloves (except six pair to the bearers, and one pair to each 
minivSter of the church or congregation where any deceased 
person belongs) wine, rum, or rings be allowed and given at 
any funeral." During the sad ceremony, unrestrained by et- 
iquette, but encouraged by custom, the stricken heart gave 
full swing to the tragedy of grief and received and welcomed 
openly the tender sympathy of all. And who shall say that 
this natural outburst of an afflicted soul does not better serve 
to lighten the burden of sorrow, than the self-contained suf- 
fering of secluded grief! After all, however, the essential 
features of this event which comes to every family and to 
every member of it, remain the same. The funeral trappings 
and conventional show of sorrow, change from generation to 
generation, but there is no change in the desolation of death ; 
no change in the bitter grief at the last parting ; no change 
in those sounds so utterly full of woe, the falling clod and the 
bursting sob. Then, as now, the sad significance of the va- 
cant chair, and the bereaved hearts yearning for the hand 
that was warm, and the voice that was dear. At no age or gen- 
eration does the popular faith triumph over death. The conso- 
lations of religion do not console : the pealing anthem or wail- 
ing miserere do not fill the aching void ; the hope of what is 
to be has not yet subdued the sad refrain, O, for what was 
and might have been ! 

The general use of the bier continued well into the present 
century, and gave way but slowly to the hearse, and this was 
at first, as near as it could well be, to a bier on wheels, the 
pall being still the covering for the colhn. Our bier was 
stored in the south porch of the old meetinghouse, a visible 
reminder that '■ man was made to mourn," and a powerful 
adjunct to the solemn warnings from the pulpit within, that 
" the last day draweth nigh and will soon be here." 

At the March meeting in 1816, a committee was chosen to 
make inquiries concerning the substitution of a hearse for a 


bier. They reported in April in favor of the innovation, and 
the town voted to buy a hearse. At the same meeting the 
selectmen were made a committee to appoint a sexton, and 
agree with him on the price of his services. Until now prob- 
ably the offices of a sexton had been performed by the hands 
of neighbors. To their honor be it recorded, that this custom 
is still continued by the people of Wapping. 

In 1818, there was a movement to build a hearse house, 
which came to nothing ; but in 1 82 1 , the town voted to build a 
hearse house " in the burying ground outside the fence." It 
was located, I think, at the foot of the hill a few rods north- 
west of the stone arch of the Boston & Maine railroad within 
the limits of the present highway. Until 1848 the road to 
Great River ran up the hill north of the burying ground. 

In 1827, the town voted to buy a pall for the use of the 
people at Bloody Brook and in 1848, the town bought for them 
of Zebediah Graves, four acres on the Whately road for a 
village cemetery. This is now used as their principal bury- 
ing place. 


The "Bell of St. Regis," having been relegated by the his- 
torical Student to the realm of myths, the first meetinghouse 
bell was purchased by the town with money loaned by indi- 
viduals, in 1729. Succeeding bells down to 1820 have been 
owned and controlled by the town, and the pay of the sexton 
has been a town charge. The Bell spread the fearful alarum 
when a lurking enemy was discovered. It was rung not only 
Sundays but also for Town and Proprietors meetings, lect- 
ures, celebrations, etc., at noon and at 9 o'clock, p. m. 

The Passing Bell. It was the custom in my younger days to 
toll the Passing Bell on the death of any person in the com- 
munity ; nine strokes of the bell at hall-minute intervals an- 
nounced the death of a man. six that of a woman, and three 
that of a child ; after a short pause, a succession of quick 
strokes gave the age in years of the departed. As every dan- 
gerous sickness was known to the whole community, all ac- 
tivities ceased at the first peal, and in the silence everybody 
waited with bated breath to the last, to know what family 
among them was now bereaved, and where kindly help was 
needed and always welcome. How long this custom had ex- 
isted I do not know, but it was discontinued about forty or 
fifty years ago. At funerals the people were called together 
by the tolling bell, and by its sad and solemn tones it seemed 
certain that the bell was conscious of its office. Minute 
strokes were given as the procession moved to the grave and 
continued until the closing words were spoken and the body 
was laid down in its last resting place, when, at a given sig- 
nal, the service was concluded by rapid strokes giving the 
age of the departed. 

The Nine clock Bell. From early times the nine o'clock 
bell was a regular institution. It was universally understood 
to be the signal for bed-time, and it was an unwritten law 


that everybody should give heed to it. Custom and courtesy 
alike demanded that all visitors who had dropped in to make 
a call or spend the evening should make a move to do up the 
knitting work, or look for the hat, at the first stroke of the 
bell. To any polite request for a longer tarry the sufficient 
answer was, "Oh. no, the bell is ringing." It was an old and 
common saying on such occasions. " It is nine o'clock, time for 
honest men to go home and rogues about their business." 
This was doubtless the Curfew Bell of Old England, estab- 
lished by William the Conqueror, and brought over by our 
fathers. The name, "Curfew." however, was never heard 
this side the water, being considered by the Puritan. I sup- 
pose, analogous to dancing round the Maypole, Christmas 
festivity, ecclesiasticism and other national abominations, up- 
on which the emigrant had shaken off the dust from his feet. 
As there were few clocks and fewer watches, the nine o'clock 
bell was a great convenience and it became intimately in- 
corporated into the life of the town. Of course, in cases of 
balls, evening parties, or when young couples were " sitting 
up," the participants did not feel obliged to be "tied to the 
bell-rope." To supply the lack of almanacs, as well as time- 
pieces, it was the custom to wind up the nine o'clock bell with 
light, quick taps, indicating the day of the month. 

Tlic Fire Bell. The fearful tones of the fire bell jangling 
the still night air with its startling clang, too often calling 
the people to battle with the Fire Fiend, was the same here 
as everywhere. 

The Noon Bell. The bell was also rung in summer at twelve 
o'clock. M. This was largely for the benefit of those working 
on the Meadows, generally the larger part of the male popu- 
lation, and the sound thereof filled the waiting ear of tired 
man and beast with joyful music. It was not a summons to 
home and a hot dinner, but to a welcome hour of rest after 
six or seven hours of laborious toil. If in planting time, the 
team, usually two pair of oxen — though often three or four 
pair — with a horse for a leader, a man for holder and a boy 
for driver, had been slowly but steadily turning the foot deep 
furrows, one hundred to one hundred and sixty rods to the 
bout; men trying their muscle in " holing out," others " dung- 
ing out," from the large dunghill provided over winter, or 
planting, or harrowing, the rows growing longer as the fore- 


noon grew older. The team was first cared for. After being 
watered at the most convenient pond or stream, the oxen 
were chained to the wheels on either side of the dung cart, 
and made happy with a bountiful supply of fragrant hay 
from the big bundle; the horse, tied on one side of the neap, 
took his rations over the fore-board of the cart. These pro- 
vided for, the hungry men and boys seated themselves on the 
ground under the spreading branches of the dinner tree, to 
discuss the contents of the ample dinner box; the beef, pork, 
turnips and potatoes, the bread and butter, the gingerbread 
and nutcakes, disappeared like magic, while the jug of cider 
passed from hand to hand or mouth to mouth. If there was 
ever a bounteous banquet board where the choice viands were 
eaten with as keen a relish as the cold pot luck under the 
dinner tree, the writer never had the good fortune to be 
present. The Dinner Bell is held in affectionate remem- 

GREGATION 1739-50. 

1739, Aug. 19. There was a Collection in this Congregation for 
Joshua Wells whose family had Labored under great afflictions for 
some time, and there was gathered twelve pounds ten shillings & six 
pence, and it was observed upon the same Day, after there had been 
a dought for a Considerable time there was a plentiful rain. So 
God is pleased to reward our Small Deeds of Charity with his Larger 
Bounties in this World 

Sept. 30. The Congregation contributed ;^i4, 8* to assist Rev. 
Mr. Torrey dissenting minister in Narraganset in a suit against Rev. 
Mr. Sporan minister of y« c*" of Engl'd who sued Mr Torry for one 
half of the Sequestered Lands in South Kingston in Narraganset 

Nov. 20. Thanksgiving day ^9, 13^ were gathered for the poor 

1740, Nov. 16. There was gathered for the poor ;^i4. 

T741, June 7. p^7, 10^ was contributed for the people of Charles- 
ton S C, who had suffered by the Great Fire. 

1743-4- Jan. I. There was a collection for some persons under 
difificult circumstances and there was gathered £,2Z^, O T. 

i745> Sept. 9. Fast Day ^14 10= was collected for Rev. Mr. Tim- 
othy Harrington of Lower Ashuelot whose house was lately burned 

1747, Nov. 26. Thanksgiving Day ^15 collected for the poor. 

1748, June 9. Public Fast on account of the Drought, after ser- 
vice there was a collection of £^0, 6^ of this £\o, 10, 6 was for Wid. 
Allen £0 13% 8'" for John Allen, ^4. 16 for James Rider, 8« to Wil- 
liam Mitchell. The rest to be disposed of by the Deacons, — added to 
James Rider ^4, 14, added to John Allen ^4, 1, 14 given to Eleazer 
Hawks on the account of his grandchildren Sd, o, o, g-iven to \Vm. 

itchell ^o, 12, o. 

1747 Vic\ Nov. 16. Thanksgiving Col^ £^0, 10" O. T. directed to 


the Ind. School at Stockbridge ^3, 11% to Mr Braynards Indians to 
build a Meetinghouse 16" to Lieut Burt, 4* to William Mitchell the 
rest to be Disposed of by the Deacons. 

^753 Thanksgiving Col*' ^id, in O. T. Collected ^^24 for the In- 
dian School at Stockbridge which Capt. Martin Kellogg has the care 


To those who have been in the habit of thinking of negro 
slavery as an exclusively Southern institution, this title may 
have in it an element of surprise, if not of offence. I know 
of no reason, however, why we should not face the facts re- 
lating to it, found in church and town records, and old family 
manuscripts. There can be no dispute that for more than a 
hundred years before the foot of a slave was allowed to pol- 
lute the soil of Georgia, men, women and children were 
bought and sold, and held, and worked, by the leading digni- 
taries of the Puritanic Colony of Massachusetts Bay; and on 
the death of their owners were inventoried in their estates as 
property, together with horses, hogs, cows and other animals. 

With the apologists for the man stealer, so long as there 
were any, the stock argument was, that the bringing of 
heathen to Christian families was really a more successful 
way of saving souls, than that of sending missionaries to the 
heathen, and that those in bondage were really better off 
than they could be in the state whereto they were born. 

Rev. Peter Thatcher of Milton should have had knowledge 
on these points. Besides owning one Indian, body and soul, 
he was also a missionary, who preached the gospel to a neigh- 
boring tribe. Of his methods, and the result of his dealings 
with the latter, he is silent, but his method of dealing with 
the heathen in his own household is shown in his own words: 

Aug. 18, 1679, came home and found my Indian girl had liked to 
have knocked my Theodora on head by letting her fall; whereupon 
1 took a good walnut stick and beat the Indian to purpose, till she 
promised to do so no more. 

It would be instructive to learn the outcome of Thatcher's 
home missionary work, but all search has been in vain. This 
child of nature disappears in the mist from which she 

Peter Thatcher was a prominent man in his day and gen- 
eration. He attended the commencement exercises when 
John Williams was graduated, and the young student was 


probably personally acquainted with him, as he must also 
have been with many other men of note who bought and held 
negroes as slaves. He doubtless attended with all the country 
side the entertainment on Boston Common, September 22, 
1 68 1, which opened with the hanging of a white man and 
closed with the burning of two negroes. 

Educated amid such surroundings, John Williams brought 
to Deerfield the habit, the conduct, the conscience of the 
metropolis as his guide; and we shall find him acting in ac- 
cordance therewith. 

If such facts be humiliating to our pride, their considera- 
tion may help us to a correct estimate of the life, times and 
character of our ancestors. 

The earliest evidence of negro slavery in Deerfield, is the 
following entry on the town records. It is in the column of 
deaths on the page devoted to the family register of Rev. 
John Williams : — 

Robbert Tigo, Negro Serv' to M' Jn" Williams died y"" 11*'' day of 
May 1695. 

Except this one great fact, we know nothing of Robert Tigo. 
Whether he was born into slavery in the chill Christian land 
of New England, or whether he was dandled upon the knee 
of a fond mother in freedom, on the hot sands of Africa, we 
may never know. Of his death there is honorable record ; 
and doubtless his master and pastor gave him Christian burial. 

A few years later Mr. Williams was in a condition to have 
a closer sympathy with the countrymen of poor Tigo. He 
himself was a prisoner in the hands of a dark-skinned hea- 
then master, and doubtless the^ servants of Mr. Williams had 
in after years the benefit of this practical knowledge of human 

Our next glimpse of slavery here is this record on the town 
book : — 

Frank and Parthena, IVf Jn° Williams his negroes were joyned in 
Marriage by y^ Reverend M"" Jn" Williams, June 4: 170- 

The year of the century is gone. It was in the sunny month 
of June and probably 1703. It could not have been later. 
This record is not on the page where marriages were regu- 
larly entered, but stands by itself on the fly leaf of the vol- 
ume. If I am right in fixing the date of this marriage, the 


very next one recorded is on the page devoted to marriages, 

and reads thus: — 

Andrew Stevens and Elizabeth Price were joyned in marriage by 
y^ Reverend M'' Jn° Williams December 6: 1703: 

Andrew Stevens was an Indian, but he was allowed a place 
of honor on the book denied to Frank and Parthena. 

Deacon Thomas French, painstaking town clerk of Deer- 
field. — could you have foreseen the events of the next three 
months — could you have seen the faithful Parthena giving 
her life in defence of the nurslings committed to her charge, 
and her young husband, tormented and butchered in mere 
wanton sport by a cruel, copper-colored crew — could you have 
seen your own baby murdered in cold blood — have heard the 
crackling flames as they climbed the roof tree and devoured 
the homes and household gods of yourself and kinsfolk — 
would you, when considering the problem of social distinction 
in Deerfield, still have given the Indian precedence over the 
African ? 

We cannot say, but with his interpretation of the Bible the 
good man probabl}^ would ! We do know that in after years, 
while Thomas French was town clerk no marriage or death 
of a negro was officially recorded by him. We do know that 
Frank and Parthena find no place on the page where the 
death of Tigo is recorded with those of the wife and children 
of Parson Williams. Nor is their fate recorded elsewhere, save 
in the narrative of their master, to whom some credit must 
be given. Mr. Williams was not, however, so far in advance 
of his age as to see the cruel wickedness of human slavery. 
He probably thought it a blessed providence which brought 
the negroes from a heathen to a Christian land; that their 
spiritual gain far out-weighed their material loss ; that their 
unrecompensed toil here was to be offset by a recompense of 
endless rest in glory. We have, however, no hint of the so- 
cial status usually assigned to negroes in the land of the 

The slaves we next meet with are Mesheck and Kedar, 
also owned by Parson Williams, and inventoried in 1729, 
along with a "one eyed horse," a "weak backed cow," and 
other stock, as part of his estate. Mesheck was a mulatto; 
each was appraised at £'^0. Kedar is not again heard of. but 
Mesheck appears next in the hands of Col. and Rev. Ebenezer 


Hinsdale, who married Abigail, daughter of Mr. Williams, 
soon after her father's death. Mesheck was doubtless part of 
her inheritance. 

Mr. Hinsdale was ordained Dec. 1 1, 1732, as missionary to 
the Indians, and stationed at Fort Dummer. Here Mesheck 
was for eight years in the Colonial pay as servant to Mr. 
Hinsdale. Jan. 21, 1747, he was baptized by Rev. Jonathan 
Ashley and received into church fellowship at Deerfield. 
Perhaps Mesheck was converted by Missionary Hinsdale. If 
so, he is the only known fruit of his missionary work, for 
Hinsdale was not a success in that line. Mesheck was an 
important member of his master's family. The Colonel did 
a large mercantile business at Hinsdale, N. H., which town 
was founded and named by him, and also in Deerfield. 
His store here was in the house opposite my own. Mesheck 
seems to have conducted the business at one place while his 
master was at the other. In 1752 Mesheck had 2c personal ac- 
count at the store of Maj. Elijah Williams, which the book 
shows was squarely settled. 

All that is known of the operations of my own ancestors in 
the slave market is shown in the following paper : — 

Whare as wee Abiah Wolcot adrninstratricks, and Mathew Allyn, 
adminstrator on the estate of Mr. Henry Wolcot, Esq. late of Winsor 
in the County of Hertford and Collony of Connectycut in New Eng- 
land, have recieved of Capt. Timothy Thrall as agent for Mr. John 
Sheldon of Dearefeield in the County of Hamsheier forty five pounds 
in Province bills. 

Doee thare fore sell unto him the said John Sheldin a negro lad 
called Lundun of about forteen years of age by the best account we 
can come at, which s'^ negro rode behind s'^ John Sheldin towards 
Dearefield on the last day in March in the year 17 10 which negro 
did belonge to s'' Mr. Henry Wolcot and was parte of his estate. 
We thare fore the above named adrninstratricks and adminstrator 
doee here by sell and confirme to the said John Sheldin his heaires 
and assignes, our whole right and titill to said negro lad, and also 
the right that any other person shall Legally make out, from, by, or 
under s'' Mr. Henry Wolcott, as witness ouer hands & sealls hereun- 
to set this fifth day of Apriell 1710. 

Abiah x Wolcot Adminstratricks 
Signed and sealed Math Allyn .\dmistrator 

in presence of 
Joseph Grant 
Samuel Gibbs Jr. 


Henry Wolcot. owner of Lnndun, was born Jan. 6. 1643, 
and died Feb. 16, 1710. Probably Lundun was sold on a ver- 
bal contract, and the purchase money left with Captain Thrall 
to hand over when a legal title to the property could be ob- 
tained from authorized agents. Whether Capiain Sheldon 
bought Lundun on speculation or for home consumption does 
not appear. The chattel is not again heard from. The par- 
ties and witnesses to this transaction were of the most re- 
spectable. Wolcot was ancestor of many distinguished men, 
as was vSamuel (xibbs, and the celebrated Gibbs Wolcot was 
of this combined blood, (xrant was a collateral ancestor of 
General Grant. Allyn was cousin to the first wife of Parson 
Williams, and brother to the second wife. At his death in 
1732, Capt. John Sheldon left as part of his estate seven slaves 
appraised as follows : — 

Coffee his wife and child j£^3'^ 

Boy George 80 

Boy Coffee 80 

Boy Robbin 70 

Girl Sue 60 

There is a spark of humanity in putting Coffee, his wife 
and child in one lot. By that it would appear they were not 
to be parted. Whether the other boys and girl were of the 
same coffee plant we have no grounds for settling. None of 
these are again heard from. 

It appears from the following deed that females of this 
kind of stock .sold higher than males. While Lundun at 
fourteen brought ;^45, Kate, as we shall see, who was much 
younger, sold for nearly double that sum. She was brought 
from Connecticut to the Hatfield market and may have been 
of a rare breed: — 

May 22, 1734 then 1 Samuel Kent of Suffield Innholder, tov the 
consideration ^89 in cash in hand paid to me, have sold, set over 
and Delivered to Capt. Israel Williams of Hatfield a Certain Negro 
Girl named Rate, aged about 8 or 9 years, which 1 hereby engage 
for me my hiers, executors and adminstrators to warrant to him, his 
hiers executors and administrators against the Lawful Claim, Chal- 
enge or Demand of any person or persons whatever, as witness my 
hand and Seal y^ day aboves'' 
Signed Sealed and Delivered Samuel Kent 
in presence of 

Eleas'- Porter 

Oliver Patridge seal 

John Pomroy 


Israel Williams, the buyer, was the well-known Col. Wil- 
liams noted as commander of our frontiers in the French and 
Indian wars, and later as Hatfield's leading Tory. 

The year 1735 was that of the "Great Awakening" at 
Northampton under the preaching of Jonathan Edwards. 
The revival extended to the surrounding towns, and was not 
confined to the dominant race. Here five adult slaves were 
baptized and three admitted to the church in full communion. 
The church records showing that these chattels were recog- 
nized as brothers and sisters in the Lord, read as follows : 

June 15, 1735 -^dam servant to Justice Thomas VV'ells confessed 
y*^ sin of lewdness and Peter, his servant confessed the sin of lewd- 
ness and drunkenness and stealing and thev were received into char- 
ity with people. 

June 15, 1735 fompey, servant to Justice Jona. Wells. Adam & 
Peter servants to Justice Thomas Wells assented to the Articles of 
y*^ xtain faith, entered into covenant & were baptised dir Lucy sevent 
to Ebenezer Wells was baptised upon his account. 

Of this Lucy we shall hear more anon. In a list of those 
taken into full communion we read : — 

Aug. 2y 1736 Pompey Negro & Rebecca his wife 
Feb. 27. 1736-7 Cesar, servant to Ebenezer .Weils 

Nothing more is heard of the Christian chattels Adam and 
Peter, except what is found in the following extracts from 
the church records : — 

Oct. 2 1738, Peter, Negro confessed the sin of Lewdness, of ex- 
cessive drinking & stealing & was restored to charity. 

July 19, 1 741 Adam Negro, confessed the sin of Lying & was re- 
stored to Xtiaii watch. 

There were other Pompeys besides the one taken into the 
church in 1735. On the list of baptisms we read : — 

Aug 16, 1 741 Pompey sevent of Ebenezer Sheldon. 

In 1750, Pompey, servant to Capt. Thomas Wells, had a 
personal account with Elijah Williams at the old corner store. 

This last item and others like it show us something of the 
status of the slaves in the community. In many account 
books of the period there are running accounts kept with 
this semi-independent property. The negroes are generally 
charged with jackknives and brass shoe buckles, sometimes 
with powder. They either settled their accounts by cash or 


with " foxes." I do not recall one that is not balanced and 

Cesar was alst) a common name among this class. Mary, 
widow of Ensign Jona. Wells, owned a Cesar, (^f whom we 
read : — 

June 14, 1741 baptized Cesar sevant to Wid. Mary Wells, he cove- 
nanting himself. 

April 25, 1745, Cesar servant to the widow Mar}' Wells was ad- 
mitted to the communion. 

It would be interesting to know if the personal relations of 
the two parties were changed by their religious fellowship. 
Did the black man sit at his mistress' table after thev com. 
muned together at the table of the Lord? Did they, in fact, 
sit together then ? 

Widow Mary Wells died Nov. 25, 1750. Her daughter 
Mary had married Timothy Childs, and " Aunt vSylvia" Munn 
told me they were considered the richest couple ever married 
in Deerfield. But their riches melted rapidly away, and En- 
sign Childs removed to Turners Falls, settling on the farm 
now owned by Timothy M. Stoughton. Probably Cesar fol- 
lowed the fortunes of Mary when she married Timothy 
Childs, for "Cesar servant of Timothv Childs" is recorded 
several times as a soldier in the French and Indian wars. 
What became of this faithful servant of two generations and 
soldier who fought in two wars? Mrs. Munn says that friends 
from Deerfield visiting the Childses at the Falls found a negro 
slave whom they had taken with them from Deerfield sick 
unto death, and lying in a cold shed, on a rickety bed.stead. 
with scanty covering, and not even abed of straw under him. 
with nothing between his body and the bed-cords but an 
empty bed-tick. So passed away the Christian soldier. How 
rarely will a full sense of responsibilitv keep pace with irre- 
sponsible power ! 

July 26, 1741 baptized Cesar servant to Lieut. Jona. Hoyl. 

He also served as a soldier in the last French war, and in 
1755 had an account at Capt. Williams's store. Still another 
Cesar, servant to Samuel Childs, served in the same war, and 
Col. Hinsdale furnished another for the same service. A 
Cesar who may or may not have been one of the above ap- 
pears below: — 


To Thomas Williams one of his Majesties Justices of the Peace for 
the County of Hampshire, John Williams of s'' County, Gentleman, 
against Cesar a laborer, a servant of Nathaniel Dickinson of Deer- 
field aforesaid that on the last day of November A. D. 1 771, he s'^ 
Cesar did at Deerfield aforesaid, feloniously take steal and carry 
away one gallon of West India Rum, of the value of four shillings 
Lawful money, the property of y'' complainant and other enormities 
there and then did against the peace & contrary to law. Wherefore 
y'' complainant prays that a warrant may issue against s^ Cesar, that 
he may be apprehended and dealt with according to law & as in duty 
bound. John Williams. 

Forthwith the imposing machinery of the law moves: — 

Hampshire S.S. To the Sheriff of the County of Hampshire, his 
under sheriff, or Deputy, or either of the Constables of the Town of 
Deerfield Greeting 

In his Majesty's Name you are commanded forthwith to apprehend 
the above named Cesar & him convene before me or some other Jus- 
tice of the Peace for s** County, to answer to the above complaint & 
that he may be dealt with according to Law. 

Given under my hand & Seal at Deerfield the second day of De- 
cember A. D. 1771, &: in the twelfth year of his Majesty's Reign. 

Thomas Williams Justo Pace. 

On this document is endorsed: — 

Hampshire S.S. Dec. 3, 1771 In obedienoe to this writ I arrested 
the body of the within-named Cesar and have him before this Hon- 
orable Court for Trial. 

John Russell, Constable of Deerfield. 
Sheriffs fees for service 1-4 

one assistant one day 4- 

Two witnesses i day each Titus negro 1-6 

John Linsey 1-6 

Comp'^ & warrant 1-6 

Entry &c. 3-4 

Total 13-2 

Threefold damages 12- 

Examined and allowed 

Thomas Williams Justo Pace. 

So the majesty of the law was vindicated. The Thanks- 
giving lark was duly punished. But who paid the scot ? The 
man or his chattel ? 

From the church record we read : — 

Jany 16, 1778, married Cesar and Hager servents to Samuel Dick- 

June 22, 1787. Fortune, servant to Samuel Dickinson waS bap- 
tized upon his mistress's account. 


As Samuel Dickinson never married, this " Mistress" was 
probably a woman to whom Fortune had been leased. 

Titus was another favorite name for slaves. Besides the 

Titus who was probably entertained by Mr. Dickinson's 

Cesar on the Thanksgiving-day spree and was the witness 

at his trial, we find : — 

June 22, 1737 Titus servant to John Wells, was baptized on his 
master's account. 

In 1746, one Titus belonged to Samuel Barnard, 
In 1754-7 "Titus, se''vant to Rev. Mr. Ashley" was serving 
as a soldier in the last French war. We do not find this man 
in connection with the church, save in the following entry, 
where the church seems to be called upon to aid in the gov- 
ernment of the disobedient slave of its minister: — 

May 21, 1767. Titus, Negro, confessed the sin of Lying, Stealing 
& Disobedience to his Master. 

Dec. 5, 1762. Baptized Titus, servant to Daniel Arms. 

This sacred service did not prevent his being a valuable 
commodity, for in 1771 Daniel sold Titus to Jonathan Taylor, 
of Charlemont. 

Jinny Cole, or simply Jin, as she was called, was a native 
of Guinea. By the tale she always told, she was daughter of 
a king in Congo, and when about twelve years old, she was 
one day playing with other children about a well, when they 
were pounced upon by a gang of white villains, and the whole 
party were seized and hurried on board a slave ship; " and " 
said Jin, " we nebber see our mudders any more." With a 
cargo made up by such exploits as this, these barbarians 
sailed for the wharves of Boston, where these children of nat- 
ure from the sunny sands of the tropics were sold as slaves 
for life to such Christian men and women as wanted this kind 
of stock and could pay the price ; and it is not improbable 
that a " note was put up " by the owner in the next Sunday's 
service, giving thanks for the return of his vessel in safety 
from a prosperous voyage. 

Three or four years after being kidnapped, Jin was bought 
at Boston, by Par.son Ashley, and brought to Deerfield with 
a baby in her arms. Mrs. Ashley, her new mistress, only ten 
years older, was a daughter of William Williams, first minis- 
ter of Hatfield. She had just lost her first born, a baby of 

JIN. 897 

nine months, and doubtless she took kindly to the forlorn 
waif thus cast upon her care ; and it appears that both moth- 
er and child were treated kindly, and well cared for in old 

In return Jin served her mistress faithfully and well, in 
household work, and in the care of her steadily increasing 
family. On the death of Mr. Ashley in 1780, Jin continued 
with the widow and her son. Dr. Elihu Ashley, and assisted 
in bringing up Iiis family of children. But Jin was not con- 
tented. She could not forget her early life, its sunny days, 
her royal blood, and her cruel wrongs. And she fully expect- 
ed at death, or before, to be transported back to Guinea ; and 
all her long life she was gathering, as treasures to take back 
to her motherland, all kinds of odds and ends, colored rags, 
bits of finery, peculiar shaped stones, shells, buttons, beads, 
anything she could string. Nothing came amiss to her store. 
Jin does not appear on the church record either in baptism 
or church fellowship, but it is too much to .suppose that she 
escaped the catechising of pious Parson Ashley. Sept. i, 1808, 
at about the age of eighty-five, Jin fell down the cellar stairs 
at the house of the nearest neighbor, Thomas W. Dickinson, 
and broke her neck, "which," said Cato, " killed her as dead 
as a hammer." Thus ended a service to her mistress of sev- 
enty years. Madam Ashley survived Jin but three weeks, 
dying Sept. 20, at the age of ninety-five. It is an interesting 
incident that a few days before the tragic death of Jin, a 
neighbor found these two old crones and cronies sitting to- 
gether busily engaged in sewing, and chatting merrily over 
their work like children making dresses for their dolls. The 
work they had in hand prov^ed to be a shroud for Jin. 

Jin"s baby had been baptized Aug. 13, 1739, by the name 
of Cato. Cato was the one Deerfield slave of whom I have a 
personal recollection, although he died when I was six years 
old. I recall seeing him when " dunging out," use his hands 
instead of a shovel. It was probably the oddity of it that 
made this lasting impression, or it may have been his feeble, 
tottering footsteps. I remember seeing him often sitting on 
a bench in an outhouse, where he would spend hours singing 
in a gruff voice the famous ballad of Captain Kidd, drum- 
ming an accompaniment with both hands on the board at 
either side; his finger nails were long and thick and each one 


gave a blow which sounded like the stroke of a tack hammer. 

Solomon, vson of Parson Ashley, was a fine dancer, and Cato 
a fervent admirer of his skill, tried to imitate his steps. His 
practice was usually on the barn floor, and sometimes he was 
seen with a switch whipping his legs, " to make um go like 
Massa Solomon's." 

Cato was very fond of horses, and was a furious rider when 
he could indulge his passion unobserved. If caught, he would 
protest that the horse ran away with him. " Couldn't stop 
um nohow, Massa." 

Another favorite seat of Cato's was in the kitchen chimney 
corner, where he could get the full benefit of the blazing fire, 
which he would enjoy like a salamander. Col. T. W. Ashley, 
his latest " Massa," was one of the earliest to substitute a 
cooking stove for the fireplace. Cato was disgusted with this 
change and was always cold after it. The big, black pile of 
iron yielded no warmth or comfort to him. He would hug 
the stove and sweat and shiver, and shiver and sweat, till he 
could stand it no longer ; then he would go into the room of 
Madam Ashley, widow of the doctor, to warm himself at her 
blazing fire. Seeing was believing with him. He also, like 
Jin, gathered trinkets to provide for his translation, his most 
valued possessions being brass or copper buttons. The term 
" Cato's money," as applied to them, is still part of the " North 
End " vocabulary. Cato served at least one campaign in the 
Last French war. He died Nov. 19, 1825, when between 
eighty-six and ninety years of age. 

Lucy Terry who, as we have seen, was baptized June 15, 
1735, "on account of her mistress," is said to have been, like 
Jinny, stolen from Africa when a child. vShe was brought to 
Deerfield from Rhode Island by Mr. Ebenezer Wells when 
five years old. We read of her in the church record:— 

Aug. 13, 1744 Lucy Servt to Ebenezer W^ells was admitted to the 
fellowship of the church. 

Abijah Prince and Lucy Terry servant to Ens. Ebene"" Wells were 
married May y*^ 17, 1756, by Ehjah WiUiams justo Pace. 

Prince was born about 1706, and was probably carried from 
Wallingford, Ct., to Northfield, by Rev. Benjamin Doolittle 
when he went there as minister in 17 17. Mr. Doolittle died 
in 1749. He probably gave Abijah his freedom and some 


real estate rights, for in 175 1 the ex-slave drew shares in 
three divisions of the undivided land in Northfield. He held 
this land for thirty years, selling out in 1782. I do not find 
that he lived in Northfield after 1752. 

Abijah, a free man, marrying Lucy, a slave, was a combi- 
nation by which Ensign Wells may have hoped to profit, the 
fruit of such marriages following the condition of the mother; 
in this instance, however, the children are found free, nor do 
we meet Lucy again as a slave. Perhaps after she became 
bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh, Abijah was allowed 
to buy out the ensign's rights in the concern. x\bijah and 
Lucy had six children. The first was baptized in infancy by 
Parson x\shley as " Cesar son of Abijah Negro and Lusey his 
wife." The others were Durexa, Brucella, Festus, Tatnai 
and Abijah. Their house stood near where Philo Munn 
lived, and the brook there was hence called " Bijah's brook." 
Lucy went by the name of " Luce Bijah." She was a great 
story teller, and her house was a place of resort for the young 
people of the " Old Street." Perhaps an " Author's Reading" 
was occasionally part of the entertainment, for Luce Bijah • 
comes down to us as a poet. The account of the " Bars Fight," 
which she gives in verse, is the fullest contemporary account 
of that bloody tragedy which has been preserved. It appears 
that upon two occasions her muse took up the same theme. 
Of the first effort, if the story is not finished in the two fol- 
lowing lines preserved in the teeming brain of Miss Harriet 
Hitchcock, the rest is lost : — 

''Twas nigh unlo Sam Dickinson's mill. 
The Indians there five men did kill." 

In the second attempt the same ground facts are given, 
with graphic details and added circumstance, [See ante, p. 


Deacon Samuel Field was one of the grantees of Guilford, 
Vt., and he promised Bijah a hundred acre lot there. The ' 
deacon died in 1762, but his son David conveyed the land by 
deed to Bijah, who removed there in 1764. With all his land- 
ed estate Bijah became ambitious for more, and he was one 
of the original petitioners and grantees of the town of Sun- 
derland, Vt., and is named in the charter. He drew an equal 
share with the others in all the six divisions. Cesar, his old- 
est son, settled on one of his lots, where he died in 1836 at 


the age of eighty. Cesar served in the War of Independence, 
and was not unlikely one of Ethan Allen's Green Mountain 
Boys. He received in old age a government pension of the 
generous sum of $2.66 per month. 

Festus, the second son, was inclined to festivity. His father 
swapped a piece of land for an old horse, saddle and bridle, 
and a fiddle, with which goods he endowed this son. Festus 
married a white woman, and settled on another of his father's 
lots in Sunderland, from which he removed to New York in 
1 81 5, and later to Danbury, Vt., where he died in 18 19. 

Brucella became disabled about 1838, and was supported 
by the town of Sunderland, where she died Nov. 21, 1854, 
aged ninety-four years. 

Tatnai probably spent a long life in the service of the 
Hunt family at Northfield. Abijah and Lucy established 
themselves on the Batten Kill not far from the house of Col. 
Ethan Allen, who had located on the opposite side of the 
creek. Their nearest neighbor was Col. Eli Bronson, who 
set up a claim to part of Abijah's farm. Several lawsuits fol- 
lowed, and finally the case reached the Supreme Court of the 
United States, where, we may suppose. Col. Bronson met a 
Waterloo defeat, and Luce Bijah gained a national reputa- 
tion. The Court was presided over by Hon. Samuel Chase 
of Maryland. Bronson employed two leading lawyers of 
Vermont, Stephen R. Bradley, and Royall Tyler, the wit and 
poet, and afterwards chief justice of the state. Isaac Tick- 
nor, later governor of Vermont, managed the case for Abijah 
and Lucy. He drew the pleadings, and our Lucy argued the 
case at length before the court. Ju.stice Chase said that 
Lucy made a better argument than he had heard from any 
lawyer at the Vermont bar. 

Once more this remarkable woman appears as an advocate; 
as before, it was on a question of a line — a line more difficult 
to settle than a boundary on the face of the earth, the color 
line. Lucy was anxious that one of her sons should obtain a 
liberal education, and made application to the authorities for 
his admission to Williams College. He was rejected on ac- 
count of his race. The indignant mother pressed her claim 
before the board of trustees in an earnest and eloquent 
speech of three hours, quoting an abundance of law and Gos- 
pel, chapter and verse, in support of it, but all in vain. The 


name of no son of Lucy Prince j^^races the catalogue of Wil- 
liams College. 

Abijah and Lucy came back to the hundred acre farm at 
Guilford. Here Abijah spent his last years and died Jan. 19, 
1794, at the age of eighty-eight; here he was buried and his 
grave is well cared for by the present owner of the farm. 
About 1803 Lucy went back to Sunderland, and in her ex- 
treme old age was in the habit of taking horse-back trips to 
and from Bennington, eighteen miles away, and so long as 
she lived made annual pilgrimages over the Green Mountains 
to visit the grave of her husband. She died in Sunderland 
in 1 82 1, at the age of ninety-one. 

In the checkered lives of Abijah Prince and Lucy Terry is 
found a realistic romance going beyond the wildest flights of 

Parson Ashley on Slai'cry. Jan. 23, 1749, Parson Ashley 
preached an evening lecture to the negroes of Deerfield from 
this text :■ — 

God hath no regard of persons in the affair of our salvation; who- 
soever will is invited to come and take of the waters of life freely. • 
[He tells them] There are none of the human race too low and 
despicable for God to bestow salvation upon. Yea, it is the mean 
and base things of this world which God is pleased to elect to eter- 
nal life, while the rich are sent empty away, and y great and hon- 
orable are left to perish in their sins. 

He explains that those in high places are too often satisfied 
with the good things of this world, and think themselves 
above the duties of Christianity, while — 

On the other hand there are some who are ready to think God 
will not have mercy on them because they are such poor miserable 
creatures. It may be they are poor & despised, & will God think on 
them the world will take no notice of? Or it may be they are igno- 
rant ^r cant know & understand like other men * * * qj- it may 
be they think y>' are servants & y^' han't time or advantages, <S: they 
are such poor creatures that it is not likely they shall ever obtain 
mercy. But let us take notice of the riches of grace to the children 
of men. The poor may be rich in faith & hiers of Glory. The ig- 
norant may understand and know God in Christ, whilst the wise 
perish in their own understanding. Servants who are at the dispose 
& command of others, who it may be are despised in the world, may 
be the Lord's freemen & hiers of (rlory. 

After much more counsel equally pertinent and encourag- 
ing to his dusky congregation, showing them how much bet- 


ter were their chances in the future life than those of their 
masters, he goes on to give them the heads of his sermon 
still in reserve : — 

I*', I will show that Christianity allows the relation of master and 

2*^ 1 will show that such as are by divine providence placed in the 
State of Servants, are not excluded from Salvation, but may become 
the Lord's freemen. 

3 I will show what a privilege c\: advantage it is to be a freeman 
in the Lord. 

4^'' I will give some Directions to such as are Servants to become 
the Lords freemen. 

S'''' Will show what motives there are for such to be the Lords 

Under the first head he uses the stock arguments from the 
Bible — tells all about the believing servants and unbelieving 
master, about Paul, Philemon, Onesimus, etc., concluding: — 

What a temptation of the Devil it is therefore to lead servants into 
sin, and provoke God; to insinuate into them they ought not to abide 
in y* place of servant — and so either forsake then- master, or are- 
uneasy, unfaithful, slothful servants, to the damage of masters &: the 
dishonor of religion, the reproach of Christianity. 

And so for the glory of God and the profit of their master 
they must toil on in slavery in a contented and thankful 
frame of mind. John Brov^n v^ould have fared hardly at the 
hands of this preacher. He concludes his second head : — 

Men may serve their ma'ster and yet be free from the law of sin 
and death, and be free to serve X. 

3'^ly, as Christ's freemen they become the children of God and are 
adopted into his family and so have great privileges in his Kingdom, 
even as freemen have great privileges in cities or in the Common- 

They are delivered from the covenant of works, they are not under 
the law but under grace. [They have] the holy angels to guard 
them and minister to them in the world, [and] when they come to 
die, enter into everlasting rest and glory. They go to be with the 

4"'ly [he gives directions how to accomplish this desirable end, con- 
cluding] You must be contented with your state & conditionin the 
world, and not murmur and complain of what God orders for you. 
You must be faithful in the places (iod puts you <Jv: not be eye ser- 
vants — in vain to think to be Xts freemen & be slothful servants. 

5"'ly, If you are Xts freemen, you may contentedly be servants in 
the world. If vou are not Xts freemen, you will be slaves (jf the 


This last arg-ument must have been a settler to those who 
had hard masters here. It may be that this judicious sermon 
of Mr. Ashley's had the effect to enhance the value of slave 
property and induce his brother-in-law to make investments 
in the market as follows : — 

For and in consideration of the sum of two hundred and twenty- 
five pounds Old Tenor to me Epraim Williams Jr., well & truly paid, 
by Israel Williams Esq., of Hatfield, I do hereby assign, sell & con- 
vey to him a certain negro boy named Prince, aged about 9 years a 
servant for life, to hold to him, his hiers, ag' y'' claims of any person 
whatsoever, as witness my hand this 25"' day of September Anno 
Domi 1750 

Eph Williams Jr. 

Know all men by these Presents, that I. Hezekiah Whitmore in 
Middleboro in the county of Hartford, for & in consideration, the 
sum of forty pounds Lawful money, to me in hand paid by Israel 
Williams of Hatfield in the county of Hampshire; do hereby sell, set 
over, & convey to him a certain negro Girl, named Blossom, aged 
about sixteen years. To serve him, his hiers & assigns for and Dur- 
ing y'' full term of her natural life hereby covenanting t^ engaging 
for myself & my hiers ex*'' & adm" to warrant to him his hiers & as- 
signs to be sound & well & against the Lawful claims of any person 
whatsoever, as witness my hand tV' seal this 20"' day of May 1753. 
Signed sealed & delivered in presence of 

OL.fivERl Partridge ) „ ,,r ^„^„,, 

T. L J ' Hezekiah Wetmore 

Eph. Williams Jr. \ 

This was a respectable transaction and had respectable 
witnesses. Partridge was grandson to Parson William Wil- 
liams and nephew to Parson Ashley. Williams was the not- 
ed Colonel of that name, a principal in the following bargain: 

I John Charles Jr. of Brimfield in the Co. of Hampshire in con- 
sideration of the sum of fifty-three pounds six shillings ti: eight 
pence to me in hand paid by Maj. Ephraim Williams of Hatfield in 
the county aforesaid, the rec't whereof I do hereby acknowledge & 
myself fully satisfied and paid Do hereby sell, assign, set over, and 
convey to the s'' Ephraim Williams his hiers & assigns my Negro 
Boy Named J Romanoo aged about sixteen years to be the sole 
Property of s'' Ephraim his hiers and assigns to his and their use, 
Benifit and Behoof, as his & their Slave, during the natural life of 
the s'' Jromanoo, and I do hereby covenant. Promise and agree, that 
before the ensealing hereof, I am the Rightful and Lawful owner of 
the s'' slave, and have good and Lawful Right to sell and Dispose of 
him in manner as aforesaid, and that I will by these presents, for 
myself & my hiers Exec" & Adm" shall always be held to warrant 
and secure the s'' Negro from this Day, During his Natural Life as 
aforesaid as the sole property of the s'' Ephraim, his hiers & assigns, 
to his and their use & Behoof, against the claim and chalange ot any 



t)ther person, and all Riyjhtful Pretentions (jf his own, to Freedom, 
by any Law or right whatsoever. Witness my hand >S: seal this 
thirteenth day of February Anno Domini 1755 

Signed Sealed tS: delivered in |)resence of 

Joseph DwioHr 1 

Abner |] \ 

|()HN Charles ]k 

In this document there is no disguise. A spade is called a 
spade, and the doctrine that all acted upon here stands writ 
in black and white, that the Negro can make no just claim to 
owning his own body "by any Law or Right whatever." 

What became of Romanoo we know not, but probably his 
value went to swell the funds for founding that college which 
refused admission to the son of Abijah and Lucy Prince. At 
the time Maj. Williams bought this man, who was warranted 
to have no legal or moral right to his own flesh, blood or 
brain, he himself was preparing to offer his own body and 
brain for the services of his country. Seven months later he 
fell at the head of his regiment in the Bloody Morning Scout, 
leaving his estate to found Williams College. 

No information can be added to that given in the follow- 
ing, extracted from the Docket Book of Judge Williams, save 
that Hartford got off with sttch credit that he had a running 
account with John Russell, at his store, in 1762. In this case 
it appears that the master is held responsible for the act of 
the slave, whatever that act may have been : — 

Hampshire S.S. At a Court held in Deerfield Nov. 20, 1761 Be- 
fore me Thomas Williams Esq. FMijah Williams Esq. Plaintiff iV- 
Hartford a Negro man slave to Thomas Dickinson of Deerfield 
aforesaid Yeoman, Defend'. 

Upon considering y'" proof made out against s'' Negro ret-t'^i,niize 
his s'' master for his appearance at Court Att. Thomas W'illiams. 

In the church record we read : — 

Dec. 15, 1782 baptised Patience, Negro Servant to Mrs. Silliman 
by Mr. Parsons of Amherst. 

Aug. 27, 1786 Baptised by Mr. Parsons, Lemuel, servant to Mrs. 

Married Oct. 23, 1794 Chloe Silliman and Noble Spencer. 

This Chloe was for a long time a faithful and trusted .serv- 
ant to Mrs. vSilliman, who was twelfth child of Parson John 
Williams. By will, at her death in 1783. Mrs. vSilliman gave 
Chloe her freedom ; and to .set her up in housekeeping gave 
her "a Bible, a cow, a feather bed, a kettle, a pot, 2 


tramels, chests, hand irons, chairs, and pewter things." To 
Jockton, a mulatto of Col. Hinsdale, — her first husband, then 
twenty years dead, — she gave the avails of one hundred acres 
of land in New Hampshire. 

" Boston " and " Town," of whom I hear nothing else, had 
store accounts in 1761. vSlavery in the Connecticut Valley 
was indeed a peculiar institution. It was in the mildest form 
in which one man can own the body of another. The slaves 
became in a measure members of the family holding them. 
They worked with the father and boys in field and forest, 
and in the kitchen and spinning room with the mother and 
daughters. Labor was respected. It was a disgrace to be 
idle. But while uniting in kabor, there was no social equality ; 
while the whole family made the kitchen the centre of home 
life, the slave had his own table and his own corner. Sepa- 
rate seats w^ere provided for negroes in the meetinghouse. I 
hear of no dissatisfaction with this arrangement. It seems 
to have been accepted on both sides as a natural one. Even 
Lucy Prince, when visiting Deerfield in her old age, being 
invited to take a seat at table with the family, refused, say- 
ing, " No, Missy, no, I know my place." 

As slavery came into this colony and was accepted under 
English common law without legislation, so it was abolished 
by force of public opinion without any statute law. In the 
CoUvStitution of Massachusetts, adopted in 1780, there is not 
one word referring directly to retaining or abolivshing negro 
slavery. Article First of the Bill of Rights, however, declares : 
" All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, 
essential and inalienable rights, among which may be reck- 
oned the right of enjoying and" defending their lives and lib- 

This is the same in substance that appears in the Declara- 
tion of Independence, where Rufus Choate called it a " glit- 
tering and sounding generality " — as it was. In this case, 
however, it proved on judicial trial to be an actual, sound 
practicality. It appears that in September, 1781, one Quaco, 
bought as a slave, and held as such by Nathaniel Jennison, of 
Barre, began a suit before the court at Worcester, which end- 
ed in a verdict that Ouaco was a freeman, owning his own 
body. This decision sounded the death knell of human slav- 
ery in the good old Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 


CJicapsidc Landing. The careless traveler of to-day will not 
see a sing^le vestig^e of the wharves and warehouses which 
once lined the banks of the old Pocumtuck river at "Cheap- 
side Landing." and the most careful searcher will find onl}^ 
faint traces of their ruins. The history of canal buildino-, 
boating on the Connecticut and Deerfield rivers, and that of 
the trade and bridge building at Cheapside, must be written 
in the same chapter, being interchangeably connected. Cheap- 
side became a sort of seaport for the towns at the north and 
west. Heavy goods from Boston and the West Indies, flour 
from Albany and cotton from the South were delivered here 
with but one transhipment. Freight was shipped from here 
to Boston and Middletown fc^r a foreign market. Teams from 
Colrain, Charlemont, Whitingham, etc., brought down their 
.shingles, broom handles, shaving boxes, combs, etc., their 
lime and farm produce, and loaded for home with salt, rum, 
molasses and other household supplies. A market was found 
here for their cattle, hogs and " smooth horses " for the West 

Canals and Boating. In the revival of business which fol- 
lowed the close of the Revolutionary war, there arose in this 
community a demand for better methods of transportation 
from the seaboard for the heavy necessaries of life, salt, mo-, rum, iron, steel, etc. In the river traffic there was a 
large item of expense in transhipping and carting by the 
falls at South Hadley. To meet this trouble the " Connecti- 
cut River Transportation Company " was organized in 1791. 
The leading spirits in this enterprise were John Williams of 
Deerfield and William Moore of Greenfield. They had able 
seconding in Jona. Hoyt and David Saxton. and efficient 
agents in Elisha Mack, Jonas and John Locke, all of Deer- 
field. John Williams was physically weak, but with an iron 
will. To him Cheapside owed more in its days of prosperity 
than to any other. He interested the capitalists of the valley 
and of Boston in the canal projects. He became, with Ste- 
phen Higginson of Boston, the agent of several firms in Hol- 
land, then the financial centre of Europe, who largely invest- 
ed in the enterprise. William Coleman, lawyer and far- 
.sighted man of affairs, early felt the new pulsation in the 
great artery of the Connecticut valley, and after taking coun- 
sel with Mr. Williams made his bow to the public in "The 


Impartial Intelligencer," the first newspaper in Northern 
Hampshire, eight days before the act cited below was passed, 

1792. February 22, an act was passed in the Legislature 
chartering " the Proprietors of the Locks and Canals on Con- 
necticut river." To satisfy the Dutch capitalists an additional 
act was passed Feb. 25, 1793, making the stock in the com- 
pany personal instead of real property, aliens not being al- 
lov/ed to hold real estate here at that date. May 29, John 
Williams took the field to look out routes for canals at South 
Hadley and Montague Falls. Christopher Colley of New 
York was chief surveyor ; he had as assistants Benjamin Pres- 
cott of Northampton, Jonas Locke, Elisha Mack and Epaphras 
Hoyt of Deerfield. The month of June was spent at South 
Hadley. July 3, they began a survey at Montague. Several 
routes were looked over. Engineer Colley reported, July 22, 
1792, "that amazing perpendicular rocks and high ground 
keeps so close to the river that it appears necessary to make 
a more particular investigation of the ground before any 
feasible design can be proposed." This undoubtedly refers 
to a route on the west side of the Connecticut through Behind 
Noon. x\nother route was examined from the mouth of Mil- 
lers river across the plain to Lake Pleasant and thence to 
" Bardwells Hole " on the Connecticut. Mr. Roberdeau, a 
Frenchman, "who," wrote Gov. vStrong, "knows more about 
canals than any man in the country," came on from Philadel- 
phia to look over the ground. Another expert, Mr. Du Fareau, 
was also here. Mr. John Hill of New York, who was at the 
same time surveying for a canal from Boston to the Deerfield 
river at Cheapside, was also invited. Dec. 26, Jona. Dwight, 
Springfield, Benjamin Prescott, Northampton, and John Wil- 
liams, a committee to build the canal at South Hadley, adver- 
tised for 75,000 feet of lumber and seventy-five laborers. 

1793. The canal was built under the superintendence of 
Benjamin Prescott. Capt. Mack makes a contract to build 
the dam at Montague. 

1794. The dam was built. The canal waited the result of 
operations at South Hadley. Canal building in America was 
an experiment at this time. Feb. 27, the canal corporation was 
divided, and the " Proprietors of the Upper Locks and Canal" 
took charge of the Montague works. The stock holders were 
largely the same in both corporations. There were 504 shares 


in each. John Williams and William Moore owned more 
than half of the stock in the Upper company. 

February lo, 1806, the Proprietors of the Upper Locks and 
Canal want to contract for a " dam 400 feet long, 100 rods be- 
low the mouth of Millers river, directly below the eddy in 
the bend of the Connecticut river," also " Locks sufficient to 
pass boats and rafts when the river is passible in other 
places." This dam, which was for slack water navigation by 
the French King, is mentioned in the Boston and Deerfield 
river canal report in i<S26. 

The freight boats on the Connecticut were of a class of 
shipping now extinct. They were in general terms called 
" Fall boats." They were of two classes, " Oak boats " and 
" Pine boats." The latter, of about twenty-five tons burden, 
were built high up the valley about Wells river or White 
river. These took the potash, shingles, etc., of those regions 
through to Hartford, where they were often sold and replaced 
by new ones, built during the winter. These boats had no 
floor before the mast and no cabin, the crews boarding along 
shore. The oak boats, on the other hand, were provided with 
a cabin, and the crew, consisting of a captain, cook and three 
bowmen, lived on board. These boats were about seventy- 
five feet long, fourteen or fifteen wide at the mast, twelve or 
thirteen at the bow, eight or ten at the stern, with a capacity 
of from thirty-five to forty tons. They were rigged with a 
mast about twenty-five feet high, which stood about twenty- 
five feet from the bow, with shifting shroud and forestays, 
a topmast to be run up at pleasure, square main-sail thirty by 
eighteen feet, and top-sail twenty-four by twelve. They had 
no keel, and the pine boats neither keel nor rudder. They 
were built of two-inch white oak plank spiked to stout white 
oak knees and ribs. From the mast the bottom rose gradual- 
ly to the bow ; from mast to cabin it was level, with a rise to 
the stern. In the pine boats and sometimes in the oak boats, 
the space before the mast was open, and the centre used for 
heavy freight not injured by the weather. The sides were 
reserved for the operations of the bowman in rowing and 
poling. There were two pair of row-locks. Oars were used 
to aid the current in getting the craft down, but were of small 
use in coming back. Unless the south wind blew, nothing 
availed but the "white ash breeze," /'. c, the setting poles. 


with which the crew pushed the boat up by main force. The 
poles were of white ash, some fifteen or twenty feet long, 
with socket and spike at the end. A man at the bow dropped 
his pole until it struck bottom, then with the upper end 
against his shoulder and his face turned aft he walked as far 
as the mast, his feet bracing against the bare ribs, or in the 
oak boats against cleats fastened to the floor, as step by step 
he forced the boat up-stream. Another followed him, and the 
same thing was being done on the other side, vso in this sort 
of a tread-mill the men tugged with all their might and the 
boat went slowly on its way. On the rapids or swift water 
an extra force was taken on, or as it became necessary in 
some places, an ox team on the shore was harnessed into the 
work by means of a long rope. At other places the same re- 
sult was accomplished by "tracking," that is, several men 
took the place of oxen. Abaft the mast the sides of the 
boat were raised as high as the mast board, making a room 
as wide as the boat, about thirty-three feet long and seven 
feet high. This was called the tent and being covered 
by an awning was snug and dry. Here the freight was se- 
curely stowed. At the rear end of this was the cabin with 
its four bunks which turned up on hinges, and cook stove. 
Five feet of the stern were reserved for the steersman and 
his tiller. The cabin was lighted by two small square win- 
dows and bore on one side the name of the boat. It may be 
Dispatch, Flying Fish, Clinton, Vermont, Downer, Franklin, 
Free Trade, Cheapside, or, this poser for the boys along- 

were about three feet deep and when loaded, the wale was 
near the water's edge. So loaded the crew pushed it up- 
stream a mile and a half an hour, but with a spanking breeze 
the boat would sometimes make a good five miles with a bone 
in its mouth. Then the heart of the bowman rejoiced within 
him, and the river bank echoed his songs of cheer, while the 
tired husbandman stood still and listened as the boat and the 
voice passed by. At night the anchor was thrown out and 
the crew slept securely, while the boat swayed lazily in the 
stream, the stout cable holding fast the ground their persist- 
ent toil had won. 

As early as 1795 Justin and Elias Lyman were running a 
line of boats from Hartford to Cheapside. 


Transporting freight up and down the Connectieut was 
profitable, and in time there grew up a rivalry between the 
eapitalists of New Haven and Hartford into whose lap the 
golden stream should fall. Hartford was a natural head of 
sloop navigation and terminus of the down-river traffie. 
About 1824 New Haven projeeted a canal which was to divert 
this trade to her warehotises. The Farmington canal was 
chartered bv Connecticut to run from New Haven to the state 
line, at Southwick, and in 1825, by Massachusetts on through 
Westfield to Northampton, under the name of the Hampden 
and Hampshire canal. In 1827 a continuation to the Vermont 
line was obtained, and a charter from Vermont carried the 
New Haven party up to Wells river. Northampton people 
were full of enthusiasm. Apr. 3, 1826, Gen. Thomas Shepard 
makes a rose-colored report and says it can be continued on 
a single level from Northampton to the Deerfield river at 
Cheapside, where it would intersect the proposed canal from 
Boston to Troy. The route followed substantially the route 
of the present Canal railroad. From Greenfield to Brattleboro 
was to be another level. At Guilford, Vt, Shepard said the 
feeder would be Deerfield river. He did not tell how the 
water was to be got over Hoosac mountain. Agents were 
busy, conventions were held and gilded promises were abun- 
dant. This was an era of canals. The great Erie canal was 
opened Nov. 4, 1825. The success of the New Haven project 
meant death to Hartford, and none knew it better than her 
business men. They had not been napping meanwhile; a 
counter move had been duly made. The "Connecticut River 
Navigation Company" had been formed, and charters obtained 
from the four states on the river. This company proposed 
to improve the navigation of the Connecticut river by mak- 
ing canals at impassable places, to build dams at swift water 
points for slack water navigation, to cut down the bars where 
necessary and so reach Barnet at the mouth of the Passump- 
sic, two hundred and twenty miles above Hartford. Feb. i^), 
1825, a convention of two hundred delegates from interested 
towns met at Windsor, Vt.. for a two days' session. A peti- 
tion was sent to Congress asking aid in the improvement of 
navigation on the Connecticut, and an engineer from the war 
department was sent to Barnet to survey the river towards 
Canada and Lake Memphremagog, and down the Connecticut. 


He could not do it all, but during the summer a careful sur- 
vey of the river from Hartford to Barnet was made by Holmes 
Hutchinson, who had been employed on the Erie canal. 
Dec. 20, he made a detailed report with plan and estimates. 

Early in 1826 Alfred Smith of Hartford, president of the 
River company, came up to Greenfield to interest the citizens 
in the project. One result was a convention where Smith, 
Judge Leavitt and Daniel Wells made addresses in favor of 
it and Gen. vShepard, leader of the canal party, in opposition. 
The Canal party held a convention at Greenfield, May 10. A 
Greenfield wit, perhaps William Wilson, reports the Green- 
field convention in the " Chronicles of New England, chap. 
9Q9." The canal finally reached Westfield. The " Gen. 
Sheldon," the first boat on its basin, was launched there No- 
vember, 1829. The canal was finally finished from New Ha- 
ven to Northampton, but no farther. 

Steamboats. The war between the river men and the canal- 
ites was warm and neither went into winter quarters. Each 
party felt sure it could best serve the public interests. May 
17, 1827, Gov. Clinton of New York, the great mogul in canal 
matters, was in Greenfield with Judge Hillhouse, and went 
on an exploring expedition up the Connecticut in the interest 
of the canal party. The age of steam had just begun and 
both sides proposed to use this new power in towing freight 
boats. In 1826 the river men built a steamboat at New York. 
It was named the Barnet, from the town at the upper end of 
their operations. It was seventy-five feet long, fourteen and 
a half wide, with wall sides and flat bottom, and in working 
condition drew twenty-two inches of water. It was a red-let- 
ter day at Cheapside, Dec. 2, 1826, when the Barnet appeared 
on her waters with flying colors and booming cannon. The 
old Pocumtuck gun from the south shore welcomed the new- 
comer with fifteen thunderous salutes, and the crowd on the 
bridge and banks rent the air with cheers. The Barnet had 
a barge in tow loaded with passengers who sent back cheer 
for cheer, while the Barnet responded with twenty-six guns 
as she steamed slowly up and under the bridge to her moor- 
ings at the old landing. It was a glad day for the river party. 
A rumor had reached here that the Barnet could not stem 
the current, and a Deerfield poet celebrated this triumph in 
sixty-three stanzas. All but sixty are here given : — 


"I heard a felli)w say, quoih Dick, 

This steamboat couldn't get up; 
The Hartford folks were all afraid 

Canal boats would be set up. 

So off they went and built this thing. 

To make Northampton quiver; 
They say Tom Sh-p-d's fired mad 

Because we help the River. 

A few months since they came up here 

On purpose for to balk us, 
And fee'd the Judge and D-n-1 W-lls, 

To spout at Greenfield caucus." 

The rhymster was probably Capt. Elijah Williams of Deer- 
field. That town had all along " helped the river," while 
quite a minority in Greenfield were for the canal. The Bar- 
net was a .stern wheeler. She made a winter berth in Mon- 
tague canal. In the spring .she worked her way up to Barnet, 
and came back safely to Hartford. Nov. 2, 1827, her boiler 
burst while off Milford on a trip from New York to Hartford, 
and 1 hear nothing more of this plucky pioneer. The next 
steamboat which reached the Deerfield river was the Ver- 
mont. Aug. 3, 1829, she looked into its mouth, but turned 
back and went up the canal. The next day she reached 
Brattleboro, and Aug. 5, Bellows Falls, and came back to 
Brattleboro the 6th. • 

While the rivals were actively campaigning in the Con- 
necticut valley, measures were being taken to construct a 
canal from Boston to Troy. Feb. 25, 1825, the Ma.ssachu.setts 
Legislature appointed Nathan Willis, Elihu Hoyt and H. K. 
S. Dearborn commissioners to ascertain the practicability of 
this measure. They employed Loami Baldwin, who reported 
Jan. 9, 1826, a survey with plans and estimates from Bo.ston 
to the Connecticut, at the mouth of Millers river. Another 
survey carried the route down through the Montague canal 
across the river to Sheldons rocks, thence on the .south side 
of Deerfield river through Cheapside,up Plain swamp brook, 
east of the Old Street, across South meadows to Stillwater. 
From here it followed the river up to the present Hoosac 
tunnel. There the mountain was to be cut through at a cost 
of $920,832, and Troy reached via the Hoo.sick river. The 
.survey of this part was made by Epaphras Hoyt. He makes 
his report with plan vSept. 20, 1825. Jan., 1826, the canal 
commissioners report to the Legislature that a canal is prac- 
ticable, and recommend its being built at public expense, and 


a canal fund be raised from " taxes on banks, duties on auc- 
tion sales, proceeds of the sales of public lands, a vState lot- 
tery, canal tolls," and the interest of a claim on the national 
government for militar}' service. 

The steamboat once introduced on the river, old-fashioned 
boating disappeared, but the old boats were retained. They 
were towed by the steamboats in fleets of from three to six 
and the time much shortened. Twenty-four round trips from 
Cheapside to Hartford was the rule for the season of about 
eight months. The Ariel Cooley was early upon the river 
and was the only steamboat towing boats above the Hadley 
Falls. She was on duty in 1847, ^vhen she was taken to 
vSouthern waters. The statements concerning her fate, on 
page 91 of the History of Connecticut Valley, are erroneous. 
Capt. L. L. Luey, Charles Henry and Caleb White of Green- 
field, all old rivermen, whose statements must be considered 
entirely reliable, agree that the boat which was blown up 
near Mt. Tom, killing the captain, engineer, and Machinist 
Long, who built the engine, was not the Ariel Cooley, but the 
Greenfield, on its trial trip with a new-fangled boiler, and 
that she was the only boat blown up in these waters. 

The Abercrombies came to Cheapside- about 1830, where 
they did a large mercantile business. They bought in 1831 
the tavern and the Houghton store. Aug. 25, 1834, they 
bought for $140 a boat called "Voyger," and changed her 
name to " Free Trade." Repairs, mast, rigging, etc., brought 
the cost to $184. Capt. Stebbins, with a crew of three men, 
left for Hartford, Oct. 11. The cost of first round trip was 
$92.06. The principal items of expense were wages of crew, 
$30.69 ; towing, $9 ; tolls ' through canals at Hadley and En- 
field, $26.05. Three trips were made that sea.son with a 
profit of $128.90. Up freight was $4.50 to $5 a ton; down, 
about half as much. They brought up English and West In- 
dia goods, flour from Albany, N. E. rum from Boston, cotton 
from the South. The down freight was rough and manu- 
factured lumber, farmers' produce, potash and miscellanies. 
Thompson of Colrain sent ash plank to Boston and New 
York. Richard Dickinson sends Deerfield brooms, 14,120 in 
one lot ; Ware of Deerfield, Sheldon of Leyden, Wilson of 
Colrain, ship cider brandy; Pierce of Greenfield, fire frames; 
King & Co.. chairs; others, boxes of hats; Fuller of Deerfield 


sends cranberries ; Philo Temple, poles, whether hoop, hop 
or setting does not appear; A. & L. C. Rice send scythe 
snaths, 4,450 in one invoice. We find beech wood and axes 
for Philadelphia, broom handles from Halifax, rakestales for 
Providence, one shipment being 5,063 from Perkins, who also 
sends to the same market forkstales, scythe sticks, spokes, 
felloes, shafts ; from Whitingham came leather and lime. 
Quite an item was the empty casks and boxes sentfor a market. 
Large quantities of firewood were shipped to Hartford, where 
it was delivered to the steamboats for their own consumption. 

Aug. I, 1839, t^® Abercrombies bought another boat, the 
" Donner," for $225. Repairs, rigging, etc., brought the cost 
up to $309. The Donner made four trips this season, netting 
the owners $297.89. 

Allen & Root of Greenfield built a store near the Aber- 
crombie tavern, about 1835. This firm owned the Greenfield, 
and ran a line of boats on the river, as did also vStockbridge 
& Wells, and Stockbridge, Culver & Co. In 1837 these com- 
panies all united under the title of Stockbridge, Allen, Root 
& Co., which continued the business until the advent of the 
Connecticut Railroad Co., to which the whole concern was 
sold out. " Boatine on the Pocumtuck river" was then over, 
and the glory of Cheapside departed forever. 

Bridi:;cs and Turnpikes. The road from Deerficld to Green- 
field ran across North Meadows to a ferry at the north end 
of Pine Hill and so north through Cheapside, by Fort Hill, 
the Sequestered Land and the east bank of Green river. 
This route was often obstructed by Hoods, and v;irious plans 
were earlv sugo-ested for a better one. 

1722. The town chose a committee to consult with Joseph 
Parsons about building a bridge. No report on the matter 
is found, but in 1727, the town voted to build a bridge at the 
first turn of the river below the crossing. 

1 75 1. The town chose a committee to inquire whether a 
bridge can be built and to get estimates of cost. Nothing 
more is heard of this movement. 

1758. Deerfield was ordered by authority to keep a ferry 
at the old crossing. 

1785. A committee was chosen by the town to petition the 
Legislature for the grant of a lottery to raise money to build 
a bridge. The petitioners have leave to withdraw. 



i7cS6. Jonathan Hoyt and others were granted leave to 
buihl a bridge " at a place called Rocky Mountain," just at 
the gorge below the present bridge. 

1787. This year a road was laid out on the east side of 
North Meadows from the Old Street to Cheapside, and a fer- 
ry established just above where the bridge now stands. Mo- 
ses Chandler, who had been ferryman at the old place, came 
along with the ferry and he remained to be toll-gatherer 
when the bridge was built. A road was also laid out on both 
sides of the river, thirty-two rods down the banks from the 
ferry to a ford way. These roads and the approach to the 
ferry were on land of John Williams, who oiTered to give the 
same in consideration of being allowed a perpetual privilege 
of running the ferry. Jonathan Hoyt was representative this 
year and he was instructed by the town to oppose the petition 
of Mr. Williams. 

1 79 1. An attempt was made by a Deerfield party to inter- 
est that and the adjoining towns to unite in a petition for a 
lottery to build a bridge at Cheapside. No action is found 
in this direction. 

1792. A bill passed the House granting a lottery to Deer- 
field for the purpose of raising ;^6oo to build a bridge at 
Cheapside. David Smead and David Saxton were made man- 
agers. I doubt if it became a law. I have the original bill, 
but the endorsement of the Senate action thereon is illegible. 

1796. In March a line of stages from Hartford to Hanover, 
N. H., was established on the west side of the river passing 
the ferry at Cheapside. A bridge had been built shortly be- 
fore at the mouth of Millers river, on the route of the east 
side line. This year Jonathan"" Hoyt and David Smead peti- 
tioned the General Court for a charter to build a bridge at 
the Cheapside ferry. May 9th the town chose a committee 
to oppose the petition. The same session John Williams and 
others put in a petition for a charter to build a bridge at 
Rocky mountain. The Senate appomted, June 15, 1796, Jon- 
athan Hunt of Hinsdale, Vt., (now Vernon) Daniel Bigelow 
of Petersham and John Black of Barre, a committee to hear 
both parties and report at the next session " which place was 
the most eligible for a bridge and for the accommodation of 
travel." Elaborate plans of bridges at each location are ex- 
tant. At the ferry the distance between the abutments was 


256 feet and total length 507 feet ; necessary mason work, 
94,500 feet. At Rocky mountain ; between abutments was 
157 feet; total length, 230 feet; masonry 47,450 feet. Neither 
plan shows any piers in the water. Wooden trestles were 
doubtless to be used by both plans. Hunt reports to the next 
session, "That the place called Rocky Mountain is the most 
sure and eligible for erecting a bridge and for the accommo- 
dation of travelers." But in Cheapside affairs, Legislative 
reports do not always carry. It was so in this case. June 
22, 1797, the Hoyt party got a charter to build a bridge at the 
ferry place, the present location. 

1797- John Sinclair of Deerfield opened a ferry "at the 
mouth of Deerfield river, where the contemplated turnpike 
will probably be established." In 1 792 a charter was granted 
to build a bridge across the Connecticut at this point, and a 
second in 1795. Both failed, but the time was nearly ripe 
for such an enterprise. A great tide of emigration was surg- 
ing up the valley of the Connecticut. There was a demand 
for better facilities for travel and transportation. Canals and 
turnpikes were under way, and Cheapside was becoming a 
prominent center of business. The second Massachusetts 
turnpike was chartered March 8, 1797, to run from Charle- 
mont over Hoosac mountain. This was to attract Western 
trade down the valley of the Deerfield river to Cheapside. 
The fourth turnpike, connecting with the second, was organ- 
ized March i, 1799. 

1798. Hoyt and others built a bridge at Cheapside on the 
site of the present bridge at a cost of $5000. It was supported 
by timber trestles, with possibly a pier, where the south pier 
now stands, and in 1805 was in a tumble-down condition and 
the contractors, Messrs. Fellows & Atherton, were obliged to 
pay the proprietors $1364 damages. After considerable ex- 
pense in repairs the bridge was given up and a new one with 
masonry superstructure was built in 1806 at a cost of $8000. 

1799. The fifth Massachusetts turnpike from Boston was 
laid out, and in 1801 was in operation westward through 

1800. July 6, a county road was laid from Cheap.side to 
the proposed Montague bridge. Dec. 27 a bridge was raised 
over Green river, I suppose on the site of the present lower 
bridge, and a road laid out across Petty 's Plain. 


1802. Montague bridge opened Nov. 26, at 11 o'clock A. 
M. A turnpike was chartered this year from Greenfield to 
Charlemont, being a connecting link between the second and 
fourth on one hand and the fifth on the other. 

1804. ^^ December a bridge across the Connecticut at 
Brattleboro was opened A lottery was granted this year for 
a bridge at Hatfield. 

1812. Oct. 13, Sunderland bridge "opened for carriages." 
It was 1000 feet long, twenty-nine wide and forty-five high 
from low water to top of sill. It was supported by eight 
double trestles and four single ones near the shores. This 
was destroyed by a flood, Feb. 12, 1824. 

1823. February 5, William Russell and others advertised 
for proposals to build a bridge at the point of Rocky moun- 
tain, and a second time, Feb. 14. The subscribers to the new 
bridge held a meeting at Nims's tavern, in Deerfield, Apr. 24, 
February 14, a meeting of the proprietors of the oM bridge 
was called for the 24th " to take into consideration the expe- 
diency of suspending the building of said bridge." Nothing 
is found to indicate the cause or end of the trouble ; the old 
bridge was continued and the new one not built. 

To//s : Stages on wheels, 20 cents ; on runners, 1 2 ; four 
horse wagons, 17; teams (cart and oxen) 17; curricle, 20; 
hack, 20; chaise, 8; horse and wagon, 6; cutter, 6; footmen 
and oxen, 2 ; sheep, i ; man horseback, 4. 

The charter to the Cheapside Bridge Corporation ran for 
seventy years. At its expiration a good, substantial bridge 
was to be left free to the town. People had become tired of 
paying toll, and looked forward to the time when this annoy- 
ing tax on travel should be removed. The question was, when 
did the seventy years expire ? But who knew when the bridge 
was opened ? The proprietors had no desire to give up a 
good thing sooner than obliged, and would give no sign. 
The town took the matter up, and Nov. 5, 1867, Charles Wil- 
liams, Elisha Wells and George Sheldon were made a com- 
mittee " to obtain Legislative action," or " take such action in 
the matter as in their judgment the best interests of the town 
require." The Antiquary was put on the hunt for evidence 
as to when toll was first taken. After long search a file of 
the Greenfield Gazette, covering that period, was found, but 
in this not a single word was said respecting the building or 


opening of the first toll bridge of all this section of country. 
There was news of the wars and political movements in Eu- 
rope, and of debates in Congress, but not a hint of this new 

Pesistent mousing, however, brought to light a Day Book 
of Dr. William S. Williams, in which were minute and spe- 
cific charges for professional services, visits, pills, plasters, 
phlebotomy, &c., each had a separate charge, and in case of 
a patient at Ch.ea.'p^idQ /err m^^c was added. Three days later 
this item was changed to to//, and toll it continued. This 
Day Book was taken by the Antiquary before the Legislative 
committee of Boston and on its evidence alone, the day was 
determined on which the bridge became free. 

A strange thing happened while this committee was in 
session, which came near to taking the question beyond leg- 
islative supervision. The channel of the river below the 
bridge became the bed of a furious torrent ruimiiig up-striaii/, 
carrying against the bridge huge masses of ice, logs, etc., 
which shattered the covering boards, broke off posts, and 
threatened instant destruction to the structure. An ice gorge 
had dammed up the Connecticut, and its waters, rising about 
thirty feet, rushed up the Deerfield until the basin of the 
North Meadows was filled. 

Business. Cheapside being the head of river navigation, 
became an active center of business. 

September 6, 1795, Joseph Swan appears as tlie pioneer trad- 
er, advertising three hundred bushels of salt to sell or " ex- 
change for flax seed on terms pleasing to the farmers." vSept. 
15, William Wait, cooper, has removed to Cheapside, and in 
company with Cephas Hoyt, also has salt for sale. 

1796. September 27, a new store appears at Deerfield, 
where Job and Asa Whitney will sell salt, etc., and Nov. 29, 
another by Calvin Burt & Co., who are in special want of a 
hundred bushels of clover seed. A building boom had set 
in and William Russell — "Uncle Bill"— wants "two joiners" 
and Asher Benjamin of Greenfield, the architect, wants " sev- 
en or eight journeymen carpenters" at once. 

1797. Jan. 2, William Wait pays iJ'65 for three acres on 
the west side of Rocky mountain at the river. Was he after 
hoop poles or building stone? 

1798. Calvin Burt & Co. have removed to "Cheapside 


Landing" and have a large and good stock of goods of all 

1799. John Williams, Jr., opens a store "a few rods below 
the bridge," where he will sell, wholesale or retail. West In- 
dia goods, tobacco, etc.; wants "staves, headings and hoop 
poles;" will exchange barrels for cidar and salt for flax seed. 
William Wait wants ten or twelve hundred feet of white oak 
staves and headings. 

Jonathan Hoyt hangs out his sign, a black horse on white 
ground, and opens the " Black Horse Inn." 

1800. John Williams, running boats on the river and per- 
haps building them, wants " 10,000 feet 2-inch white oak 
plank 18 feet long," also corn, hay and potatoes. He set up 
this year an establishment for packing beel and pork on the 
meadow above the bridge. Jan. i 5, Jonathan Hoyt sold John 
Williams, Jr., and Robert Bardwell each a lot of an acre and 
a half "in our new city (alias) Behind Noon," for $200 an 
acre. A few weeks later Rev. John Taylor and others are 
found seeking investments in the same locality, which ap- 
pears to be about the Philo Temple farm. Jan. 17, a road 
was laid out " from the bridge up by the Packing house to 
the Meadows." Jan. 29, Jonathan Hoyt,- as agent, sold the 
David Wells " Meadow land "to Daniel Wells, gent, Benjamin 
Swan, yeoman, and William Wait, gent, "for 1000 pounds." 
This lot of forty-four acres was bounded south on Deerfield 
river and west on Green river. Oct. 2, we find James Mayo 
here with five hundred bushels of salt to exchange for flax 
seed. Oct. 8, Samuel Saxton offers to exchange six hundred 
bushels of the same commodity for cash or white beans ; will 
pay cash for Indian corn or rye. '' Oct. 13, "Cattle killing be- 
gan at the slaughter house." "Oct. 29. This day the finst 
boats went up the canal at Montague." The locks were built 
by Hophni King of Northfield. These were narrower than 
those at South Hadley, consequently the oak boats could not 
pass ; their trips ended at Cheapside. The pine boats could, and the boxes of rafts were adapted to their dimensions. 
Dec. 27, a bridge over Green river was raised. 

1 80 1. John Williams, Jr., offers " a few hhds. of rum at a 
reduced price," will exchange for barrel beef, pork or Indian 
corn. He also has " 10 tons ground plaster by the ton, tierce, 
or single bushel." From this time on " plaster " is one of the 


Staples sold at Cheapside. About this time there was a call 
for ginseng as an article of export and doubtless quantities 
were shipped froin Cheapside. The greatest care was re- 
quired in gathering this plant " not to break the roots or skin 
in pulling. Not a ray of sunshine must strike them, not a 
drop of water touch them." 

1804. Dec. I, we find Robert Bardwell here in a new store 
with a new stock of goods. 

1805. February 7, Capt. John Wells moved up to Willard's 
tavern in Greenfield. Later he moved to Boston, Feb. 14, 
Mr. Chandler left the toll bridge and moved to Greenfield. 
Cruden Alexander became toll gatherer. Capt. Thomas 
Bardwell moved into the house lately vacated by Samuel 
Merrill. Both were shoemakers. Apr. 5, a cooper's shop 
was built in connection with the bridge. 

1806. Robert Bardwell offers some fifteen hundred bush- 
els of salt this season and other merchants were offering- 
large lots. July 7, Daniel Forbes advertises a full assortment 
of goods, including " fancy crockery and glassware." He 
wants "a few good smooth shipping horses." In November 
he wants "beef and pork for barreling at Cheapside." He 
wants " 3000 hhds. hoop poles 10 to 12 feet long." Mar. 3, he 
oft'ers for sale 100 hhds. No. i beef, 2000 lbs. tried tallow and 
thirteen bush, shag bark walnuts, also his store and land on 
Greenfield street. 

1807. Caleb and Pliny Alvord are here with " wet goods" 
and groceries. Are running boats for freight. Want llax- 
seed, beans, butter, cheese, hoop poles, etc. 

1808. May TO the firm dis.solve. Caleb goes to Montague; 
Pliny remains at the old stand. June 3, Samuel E. and Geo. 
P. Field, having left their shop at Hoo.sac. are here making 
both cut and wrought nails, Oct, 31, Alvord has nine hun- 
dred bushels salt to exchange for one thou.sand bushels flax- 
seed. Same date Bardwell says his "sloop Flying Fish has 
this day arrived with a cargo of salt and plaster," 

1809. Orrin Dole has a shop here for making all kinds of 
cooperware, July 31, Alvord has a ton of codfish and fifteen 
hundred bushels .salt, and wSept, 29, Bardwell has a boat load 
of .salt. Both want cider and flaxseed, Nov, 14, Alvord " this 
day received 305 bush, salt with " more on the way." This 
record might be thus .seasoned with salt items to saturation. 


1810. January, Caleb Alvord, Jr., leaves his store in Green- 
field to go into company with Pliny at Cheapside. Will bar- 
rel pork and sell lumber. March, Moses Munson wants to 
hire four or five millwrights or carpenters six or seven months 
at Cheapside. Apr. 27, Munson & Swan's sawmill on Green 
river raised. August 21, Edward Houghton from Northfield 
raises a large store "at the bridge." Dec. 24, "Edward 
Houghton & Sons have erected and will occupy a large and 
convenient store at Cheapside." This was the store occupied 
by the Abercrombies, which was moved up the hill north 
when the Vermont and Massachusetts railroad was built. 
May 9, Jehiel Jones has a blacksmith shop near the bridge. 
This was probably occupied later by Pardon H. Merrill. 

181 2. Apr. 12, Edward Houghton retires and the business 
is continued by Edward, Jr., and Clark, his sons. 

18 1 3. Clark Houghton, now alone, is boating and has for 
sale, " a few bushels hemp seed and -Plymouth Beach lottery 

18 14. He wants one thousand bushels flaxseed. Oct. 3, 
William Emmons, fine work cabinet maker, moved his busi- 
ness here from Deerfield Street. Densmore Dole had a hat- 
ter's shop here about this time. 

181 5. May 29, Samuel E. and G. P. Field began the baking 
business at Houghton's store. Nov. 17, Maj. Erastus Smith 
from Hadley is in company with Houghton. 

1 8 16. June 3, Bard well is selling patent cast iron stoves 
and is making nails. 

1817. Stockbridge & Wells of Whately go into the boating 
business on the river from Hartford to Cheapside. Hough- 
ton is selling iron and steel. Wants two hundred bushels 
chestnuts. In 1 818 he wants "a few smooth shipping horses" 
and one hundred thousand feet of boards delivered at Cobb's 
Landing. Offers forty or fifty bushels flaxseed for sowing. 
Samuel Kentfield moves from Hartford to Cheapside. In 
1 8 19 Bardwell gives up his store to Elijah A. Gould, but con- 
tinues the boating. R. E. Field sets up a carriage shop about 
this time. 

1 82 1. Henry Johnson wants five thousand gray squirrel 
skins. May 11, Robert R. Field appears here with the inev- 
itable salt to sell. Loring Thayer has a large cabinet mak- 
ing business. 


1 823. Clark Houghton, being nearly or quite blind, offers to 
sell his Store, "one of the best stands in the country, * * * 
where immense quantities of goods arc landed in the boating 
season, which supplies a vast country west and north." Jo- 
seph H. Wheeler and Charles Howard are selling shad by 
the barrel at the Houghton store. A tavern was kept by 
Nathan Henry from Halifax, i832-3<S, which was continued 
for many years after by Asiel Abercrombie. There had been 
for some years a gradual decline in local trade and business, 
although stores were kept agoing until the end — the advent 
of the railroad. 

County Scat. Franklin county was incorporated June 24, 
1 811. For a year or so there was a spirited contest between 
Cheapside and Greenfield for the location of the county build- 
ings. I do not know as Deerfield in its corporate capacity 
took a hand in it. Greenfield did, and raised $500, and doubt- 
less private subscriptions were added to it. In Deerfield 
$1900 was raised for Cheapside. For this sum John Williams 
offered to build a court house as good as that at Northampton, 
to put up a fire proof building for the clerk of ' courts and 
another for the register of deeds, the latter to be on the south 
side of the river; to give land for the jail on Taylor's brook, 
which could be founded on solid rock. John Williams and 
Jonathan Hoyt were the land barons of Cheapside, but they 
did not harmonize ; they had been rivals in the bridge build- 
ing and both could not win; a lawsuit had fortified the breach. 
The best site for county buildings was owned by Hoyt, and 
to all solicitations to give or exchange land, he said not a foot 
of his land should be used by the Williams party for that 
purpose, and intimated that it was a Tory operation ; the 
Greenfield people took up this cry and made the most of it. 
For a full and graphic account of the contest see Hon. Whit- 
ing Griswold's address at the opening of the new Court house. 
Mar. 18, 1873. The decision to locate the shire at Greenfield, 
was a wise one. At Cheapside, on the north side of the river, 
there was scanty room for a single street between the hills 
and high water mark. (3n the other side the opportunity for 
building was still less. 

The 8000-Acre Li)ic. Cheapside has become well known in 
the annals of the state legislature from the many schemes 
for bridges, canals and annexations centering there. A vol- 

THE 8000 ACRE LINE. '-^'-i'S 

lime would be required to record the inns and outs of them 
all. A bare schedule only of the latter can be given. 

In 1742, Greenfield, then Green River district, moved to be 
set off from Deerfield as a town or district by the name of 
Cheapside, the south bounds to be Deerfield river and Shel- 
don's brook. The movement continued with varying inten- 
sity until 1753, when Greenfield district was set off, its south 
line being the north line of the Dedham grant. This, estab- 
lished Oct. II, 1672, has been known ever since as the 8000 
Acre Line. For one hundred and fifty years this has been 
the line of battle between Deerfield and her daughter. Fol- 
lowing, and in consequence of the setting off of Greenfield, 
serious disturbances arose about the disposition of the " vSe- 
questered Lands" lying in Cheapside. Pitchforks, rakes and 
cartstakes were freely used as arguments in the discussion as 
to whom the hay grown thereon belonged. The courts finally 
decided in favor of Deerfield. The land in question had 
been, in 1686, "Sequestered for the use of the ministry in 
Deerfield forever" by the " Proprietors of Pocumtuck." 

In 1836 " Philo Temple and others" petitioned the General 
Court that Cheapside might be set off to Greenfield. A Leg- 
islative committee was instructed to have a view and hearing 
on the premises, and report to the next Legislature. A hear- 
ing was had at Greenfield in June, 1836, and on the 7th of 
January, 1837, they made a report in favor of the scheme. 
Rufus Saxton, the Deerfield representative, wrote the next 
day that this report " will govern the Legislature. It is be- 
yond the power of man to change it." And on the 13th he 
writes, " It is nearly a hopeless case." But his constituents 
did not hesitate and a hot fight ensued. The House gave 
Deerfield the victory by a majority of forty-three. 

In 1850 the scheme was renewed under a petition of "David 
R. Wait & others." The committee on towns, to whom the 
petition was referred, made a report in favor of a committee 
for a view and hearing, to report at the next Legislature. 
Deerfield opposed this and the report was recommitted 
with instructions to hear the case and report at that session. 
This was a death blow to the scheme and the petition was 
withdrawn. The Deerfield committee having the case in 
charge were Jonathan A. vSaxton, Pliny Arms and Charles 


Ill 1861 another attempt was made under a new petition of 
" David R. Wait and others," the line of division to be the 
Deerfield river, thus including Wisdom. In the other 
it had been Deerfield river and vSheldon's brook. A hearing 
was held before a Legislative committee of seven. Five of 
these signed a report in favor of setting off Cheapside. A 
minority of Messrs. Parsons and Banfield reported that " the 
petitioners have leave to withdraw." George T. Davis from 
Greenfield was pitted against Ira Abercrombie from Deer- 
field in the House. Each had been elected with reference to 
this case. Henry King Hoyt was agent for Deerfield. After 
a hot contest for weeks the House adopted the minority re- 
port by a majority of thirty-eight. 

In 1887, "Joel DeWolf and others" again started the ball. 
The petition was referred to the committee on towns, which, 
after a view and hearing, reported in favor of the petitioners, 
making Deerfield river the line of division. But Deerfield 
people had no fear of adverse reports, so they went into the 
contest the best they knew how, and on the 12th of April, 
1888, the House decided in their favor by a majority of fifty- 
two. In the House, Freeman C. Griswold of Greenfield cham- 
pioned the report and Henry C. Haskell of Deerfield, opposed 
it. The 8000 Acre Line still remains the north bound of 






For information concerning the families who laid the foun- 
dations of our town, the compiler has searched the most ob- 
scure nooks and corners. Original documents have been 
consulted in all possible cases. Many controverted points 
have been put to rest by the evidence found. Some family 
traditions have been established and others dissipated to the 
four winds. 

No work of this kind was ever printed without mistakes, 
and it is too much to hope that this will be an exception. 
But not all its variations from the records of town, church 
and family, or gravestone inscriptions, are mistakes. In each 
of these, errors, perpetuated for generations, have been dis- 
covered, proved such and corrected. 

Records of families marked with a f are doubtful, or in- 

The dates following the names of children are those of 
birth, unless otherwise designated. The figures in parenthe- 
sis following these dates refer to the marginal number, where 
the child appears as the head of a family, and no .son is 
again noticed without this reference, and no daughter under 
her maiden name. 

Between January istand March 25th double dates are given 
when found. In their absence an element of doubt as to the 
year must always exist prior to 1752, as the recorders followed 
no fixed rule. 

All dates are Old Style before Sept. 3d, 1752, and New Style 
after that. 

Where persons are said to have been killed or captured 
"in 1704," they were victims at the destruction of the town, 
Feb. 29th, 1703-4. 

Part II. of the History of Deerfield, as originally published, 


contained a notice of every family and every man known to 
have settled here before the close of the Revolutionary war. 
Their ancestry in America, so far as it could be discovered, 
was given, and all their descendants remaining here, for a 
hundred years later. In many cases branches were traced 
for generations after leaving the mother town. 

In the present edition, this scheme has been enlarged to 
some extent, and many later coming families included. As 
stated in the preface, this added matter has been mainly the 
result of contributions from interested parties instead of orig- 
inal research by the author. Hence it follows that of this 
class, families the most fully represented are those whose 
members showed the most interest in this undertaking by 
furnish in Of material. 


a., aged. dau., daughter. rep., representative, 

abt., about. Dfd., Deerlield. res., resided. 

Amh., Amherst. fr., from. s., son. 

Ash., Ashfield. Gfd , Greenfield. sett., settler or settled, 

b., born. Had., Hadley. Shel., Shelburne. 

bap., baptized. Hart., Hartford, Ct. s. p., without issue, 

bef., before. Hat., Hatfield. Spfd., S|)ringfield. 

Ber., Bernardston. k., killed. Suff., Suffield, Ct. 

Bratt., Brattleboro. m., marrietl. Sund., Sunderland, 

cap., captured. Mont.. Montague. unk., unknown. 

ch., children. Nfd., Northfield. unm., unmarried. 

Charl., Charlemont. Nhn., Northampton. Weth., Wethersfielil, Ct. 

chh., church. per., perhaps. Wfd., Westfield. 

Col., Colrain. prob., probably. What., Whately. 

Con., Conway. pub., published. wid., widow, 

d., died. rem., removed. Wind., Windsor, Ct. 


ABEL, John, of Dfd. 1765. He m. Elizabeth Wilton. 

Cli.: \ Eleanor. 

1. ABERCROMBIE, Robert, b. 1712; grad. of the University of 
Edinburgh; came here from Scotland, and sett, at Stoddard's Town, 
now Pelham, in 1742; he preached there until Aug. 30, 1744, when 
he was ordained as their first minister; twenty-two men recorded 
their protest against his settlement; this lack of harmony continued 
and he was dismissed in about ten years ; his subsequent career cannot 
be given; he died in Pelham, March 7, 1786. He m. Margaret 
Stevenson, who d. Nov. 2, 1765. 

Ch.:\ David. James, 1754. 

Andrew. Sarah, Oct. 11, 1756. 

Margaret. Robert. 

Samuel. Isaac, Sept. 30, 1759. (2) 

John. Mehitable, July 4, 1762? 


2. Isaac, s. of Robert, (i), b. 1759; sett, in Pelham; Justice of 
the Peace 1800; rep. 1819; rem. to Cheapside abt. 1830; d. Uec. 4, 
1847. He m. Jan. 26, 1790, Martha McCullock, who d. Apr. 15, 1837. 

Ch.: William Hyslop, Aug. 4, 1791; Otis, June 25, 1802; grad. W. C. 1823; 

grad. W. C. 1811; d. Oct. 20, 181 1. m. June 16, 1835, Dorothy L. Put- 
Isaac, July 20, 1793; merchant, farmer, nam ; sett, a doctor in Lunenburg; d. 

dep. sheriff; d. s. p. Sept. 10, 1872. Jan. 24, 1851. 

Ira, Sept. 25, 1795; d. Apr. 13, 1796. Ira, Jan. 28, 1805; trader, banker, rep.; 

Sally, May 12, 1797; m. Apr. 20, 1824, prom, in town affairs many years; 

Waterman Fuller of Ludlow; d. Jan. selectman; d. s. p. July 14, 1870. 

28, 1866; she was mother of Geo! W. -.Asiel, Oct. 21, 1807. (3) 

Fuller of the "brick house." Lucinda, Apr. 20, 1809; d. unm. May 

Lucinda, May 13, 1798; d. July 23, 1798. 17, 1856. 

3. AsiEL, s. of Isaac, (2), b. 1807; farmer and tavern keeper at 
Cheapside; d. Mch. 10, 1874. He m. June 19, 1845, Elizabeth B., 
dau. Aaron Fuller. 

Ch.: Robert, Apr. 24, 1846. (4) William H., Sept. 23, 1S51. 

Elizabeth, Sept. 26, 1848. Hattie F., July 11, i860. 

4. Robert, s. of Asiel, (3), b. 1846; farmer at Cheapside; pres. 
Greenfield Savings Bank. He m. Dec. 30, 1873, Ellen M., dau. 
Robert Crawford, D. D. ; she d. June 6, 1892. 

Ch.: Robert Crawford, Nov. 9, 1874. James Douglas, Aug. 29, 1878. 
Elizabeth Brooks, Dec. 31. 1876; d. Harold Francis, Sept. 7, 1880. 

Dec. II, i8qo. 


William Huntington, Sept. 6, 1885. Edward Marion, May 26, 1892. 

ADAMS, Daniel, taxed 1798. 
ADAMS, Samuel, taxed 181 1. 

1, ALEXANDER, John, came from Scotland bef. 1640 and sett, 
at Wind. Wife unk. 

Ch.: f George. (2) Thomas, per. k. with Lothrop, Sept. 

John. (3) 18. 1675. 

2, George, s. of John, (i), rem. to Nhn. 1655; a first sett, there 
and also in Nfd. 1673; ret. to Nhn.; d. May 5, 1703. He m. March 
18, 1644, Susanna ; she d. May, 1684. 

Ch.: John, July 25, 1645. (4) Daniel, Jan. 12, 1650; wounded in 
Abigail, m. June 16, 1663, Thomas Philip's war; d. at Suff. Oct., 1684. 

Webster of Had. Nathaniel, Dec. 29, 1652. (5) 

Child, 1647, d. young. Sarah, Dec. 8, 1654; m. July 6, 1678, 
Mary, Oct. 20, 1648; m. Sept. 23, 1670, Samuel Curtice of Nhn. 

Micah Mudge. Child, Nov. 4, 1656; d. same day. 

3, John, s. of John, (i), sett, in Newton; d. 1696. Wife, Bea- 
trice, was alive in 1690. 

Ch.: John, abt. 1653; at Dfd. 1704; d. lost in the expedition to Schenecta- 

s. p. at Groton. dy, 1690. 

Dorothy, abt. 1660; m. abt. 1684, John Martha, July 16, 1668; m. Samuel Friz- 

Stebbins of Dfd. zell of Roxbury. 

David. (6) Deliverance, Jan. 7, 1672; m. Jonathan 

Mary , m. Benjamin Barrett, (2d), Parker of Needham. 

Feb. 25, i6gi, Henry White. Elizabeth, Sept. 16, 1674; m. Joseph 

Robert, of Boston 1684; a house lot Parker of Needham, 

at Wapping was granted him in 1686; Per. Joseph, who was at Dfd. 1684. 

4, John, s. of George, (2), b. 1645; one of our first sett.; ret. to 
Nhn. 1675; d. Dec. 31, 1733. He m. Nov. 18, 1671, Sarah, dau. Sam- 
uel Gaylord of Wind.; she d. Nov. 3, 1732, a. 81. 

Ch.: John, Jan. 24, 1673; d. s. p. Jan. Hist, of Nfd. 

24, 1748-9. Elizabeth, d. Jan. 8, 1701. 

Nathaniel, April 6, 1676; m. Dec. 3, Sarah, Feb. 7, 1688; m. June 26, 1716, 

1707, Abigail Sear!e;d. Nov. 28,1725. Eleazer Holton of Nfd. 

Samuel, Nov. 6, 1678; d. s. p. 1763. Thankful, March 29, 1691; m. Jan. 2, 

Joseph, Oct. 16, 1681. (7) 1734-5. Gideon Hale of Winchester, 

Ebenezer, Oct. 17, 1684; m. Oct. 10. N. H. 

1709, Mehitable, dau. Henry Buck of Elizabeth, Oct. 5, 1694; m. Nov. 15, 

Weth. She d. a. 83, after a union of I733. John .Summers of Arlington & 

57 yrs. For their descendants see Nhn. 

5, Nathaniel, s. of George, (2), b. 1652; rem. to Nfd. and later 
in lite to Had.; was a soldier at the Falls Fight, 1676, and was one 
of the few who lived to receive a share in the township of Falltown, 
granted to the soldiers or their heirs in 1736; he d. Oct. 29, 1742. 
He m. June 19, 1679, Hannah, dau. Samuel Allen of Nhn. 

Ch.: Hannah, Oct. — ; d. Oct. 27, 1680. Mindwell — m. Feb. 1 1, 1706-7, Daniel 

Hannah, Sept. 26, i68i;m. May 10, Porter. 

1703, Samuel Boltwood of Had. Sarah-m. Nov. 10, 1715, Jos. Smith of 



Abigail, ; m. July 24, 1718, Jona. 25, 1725, a little below the mouth of 

Smith of Had. Millers river when returning from a 

Ruth, Feb. 22, 1691. scout up the Conn. under Capt.Thos. 

Thankful, Jan. g, 1693 4. Wells of Dfd. 

Thomas, Apr. g, 1696; drowned Apr. Daniel. Jan. 14, iCggid. Jan. 15, 1701-2. 

6, David, s. of John (3); came here from Nhn. abt. 1700; k. 
1704. Hem. after 1683, Elizabeth (Coply), vvid. of Praisever Turner, 
who was k. in Philip's war, and also of Sam'l Langton; she d. abt. 
1701; (2) July 31, 1701, Mary, dau. Daniel Weld; she was cap. 1704, 
but came back and m. (2) April 18, 1707, Samuel Smead, and (3) 
Nov. 28, 1734, Joseph Younglove. 

Ch.: Mary, April 11, 1702; k. 1704. 

7, Joseph, s. of John (4), b. 1681; was cap. at Dfd., 1704, but 
made his escape the first night. Mr. Williams was notified that if 
another ran away the rest should be killed. He was allowed for his 
losses ^4, 14s, by the General Court; rem. to Nfd. abt. 1716; was 
at Arlington 1737-43, Nfd. again 1748-58; abt. the latter date he rem. 
to Had.; d. Sept. 30, 1761. He m. May 28, 1705, Margaret, dau. 
Philip Mattoon. 

Ch.: Joseph, Sept. 18, 1705 (8). child born in Putney. 

Margaret, Jan. 25, 170(3-7. Aaron, Feb. 12, 1714. 

Sarah, June 7, 1708. Rachel, Oct. 24, 1715. 

John, Nov. 15, i7og(9). Elizabeth, Feb. 8, 1717. 

Philip, Sept. 29, 1 7 12; lived awhile in Thankful, Oct. Ii,i7i9;m. 1753, Joseph 

Arlington, and wasa first sett, of Put- Hawley of Amh., his 2d wife. 

ney, Vt.; m. Abigail — . Their son Experience, Feb. 3, 1721. 

Aaron is said to be the first white Amos, April 5, 1724. 

8, Joseph, s. of Joseph (7), b. 1705; many years soldier at Fort 
Dummer; rem. to Hadley, where he was living in 1775. He m. 1736, 
Mary Mighills; (2) Experience — , who died in Whately, Jan. 27, 
1799, a. 72. 

Ch.: f Miles, b. 1739(10). 

9, John, s. of Joseph (7), b. 1709; a tailor; was soldier under 
Capt. Kellogg at Fort Dummer; his family lived for safety in Hins- 
dale and Nfd. ; he was k. by Indians near Fort Hinsdale, July 22, 
1755. He m. Ruth — ; she was alive in Nfd, 1763. 

Ch.: f John, b. at Fort Dummer, 1738; Amos, ;(ii)- 

was one of the first sett, of Bratt.: a Philip, ;(i2). 

Rev. sol ;d. in Marlboro, July8, 1828. Dau, — ;m. — Butler, (2)— Hubbard 
Joel, 1741; sol. in Canada campaigns, of Hinsdale, N. H. 

1758-9. Medad. 

10, Miles, s. of Joseph (8), b. 1739; Lt. ; sett.; d. in Sund., Apr. 
10, 1806. He m. Nov. 21, 1771, wid. Mary Warner of Sund. ; she d, 
Feb, 21, 1820, a. 85. 

Ch.: f Elisha, Jan. 25, 1775 (13). Prob. Joseph (14). 

11, Amos, s. of John (9); rem. from Sund. to Dfd. abt, 1772; 


lived later in Gfd. ; d. 1814. He ni. Elizabeth Marsh of Mont.; she 
d. Apr., 1828. 

Ch.: tjohn. ; m. Prudence McHard; lived at Great River; rem. West abt. 

rem. to St. Johnsbury, \'t. 1817. 

Consider, ; m. — Carpenter of Ley- Betsey, 1780; m. 1804, Joel Kellogg 

den; went to N. Y. of Amh. 

Amos, ; m.EuniceThomasof Hins- Gratia, Mch. 2, 1784; m. Feb. 8, 1801, 

dale, N. H.; drowned in crossing Walter Newton; rem. to Mont. abt. 

Conn, river. 1831. 

Philip, ;m. Electa Thomas of Hins. Sally, ; m. Nov. 27, 1806, Oliver 

Cruden, ; (15)- Potter of Gfd. 

Bathsheba, ; m. Luther Newton; Rebecca, — ; m. 1819, Jos. Cobb of Gfd. 

12, Philip, s. of John (9); rem. from l)fd. to (ifd. abt. 181 2; 
later, being sickly, was supported by the town of Nfd, His widow, 
Electa, m. Asa Atwood of Warwick. 

Ch.: f Martha, Harriet, Miranda, ; Luther, who are all lost sight of. 

Thomas, abt. 1809; Octavia, Mary, 

13, Ki.isHA, s. of Miles (10), b. 1775. He m. Cynthia — ; she d. 
Sept. 15, 1809; (2) prob. Phila, dau. Abner Cooley, Nov. 3, 1810. 

Ch.: f Fordyce, May 9, 1798. Hadassa, Aug. 16, 1806. 

Mary, July 19, 1800. Cynthia, Oct. 8, 1811. 

Diantha, July i, 1803. 

14, Joseph, s. of Miles (10), sett, in Whately. He m. Mar. 7, 
1793, Hannah Waite. 

Ch.: \ Luther, bap. June 4, 1797. Levi, ; m. Maria, dau. Capt. Wil- 

Calvin, ; m. Jane, dau. Orange liam Mather. 


[Nos. 10, 13 and 14 are given here, not as a certainty, but as a probability.] 

15, Cruden, s. of Amos (11); was a student in Dfd. Academy, 
1804; had a farm at Cheapside, 181 6; lived also at Great River or 
Pine Nook; went West. He m. Mary Brooks of Mont. 

Ch.:\ George, Mary, Catharine. 

ALEXANDER, William, came here from Londonderry in 1765, 
with s. John and daus. Gin and Lydia. They were "warned out of 
town" and nothing more is heard from them. 

1, ALLEN, Edward, weaver, of Ipswich, 1658; in 1662 he was 
occupying a farm owned by Rev. John Norton of Boston; in 1670 his 
barn was burned by lightning, with 60 loads of barley; in 1678 he 
received a grant of 60 acres of land at Suff. and rem. about that time, 
from Ipswich to Suff. where he d. Nov. 21, 1696. In his will, made 
one week before his death, he provides for his five younger sons, at 
Suff., and his two younger daus. Elizabeth and Sarah. The okler 
daus. are not mentioned and were prob. both dead. He provided 
that Samuel should live with Benjamin, and Caleb with David, until 
they were 21; the older brothers to teach the younger the "art or 


trade of a weaver," and when they came of age to build each a house 
and give each a cow. The inventory of his estate is given below. 

In regard to the orthography of this name, the weight of evidence 
is in favor of AUyn; in the body of the will of Edward and in the 
signature it is Allyn, but as Edward made his mark, both were by 
the same hand. The Judge of Probate, John Pynchon, wrote it Al- 
lin in the attestation and in the filing Alline; in the inventory taken 
by three of his neighbors, it was Alen; Samuel Patridge, Register, 
wrote it Alline; in 1704, Edward and John, the elder sons, wrote it 
Allyn; Edward, town clerk of Dfd., 1704-12, wrote Allyn at first, then 
indifferently Allin, Allen, Alline. His successors did the same for 
several years, when it finally settled into Allen. 

"Inventory of the Estate of Edward Alen of Sufiield deceased, 

Nov. the 21 :i6g6. 

In wearing cloathes 

" Books 

" Bildings and Land 

" Neat chattel 

" horses 

" sheep 

" swine 

" cart, plows and tackling 

" two father beds and two other beds and bedding 

" Loome and tacklin 

" foure pots, and iron cettle 

" two brase cettles, a brase pan and scilet 

" two iron tramels, two pair of pothooks and a pair of tongs 

" a iron spit, a frying pan, and slise 

" two felling axes and a morticing ax 

" three broad hows and two stubbing hows. 

" a beetel and three wedges. 

" other small iron tooles. 

" a warming pan, and a candlestick. 

" a box iron and heaters. 

" pewter. 

" two earthern platers, and a calender 

" two guns 

" other household lumber 

" new cloth, yarn, and wool, 

" sadles and bridles, 

" three sickles 

" corne and meat. 

£257 7 o 
This is a trew Inventory taken the 17, of Decemb"' 1696 

John Pengilly 
Benj Alline & David xA.lline made Jonathan Taylor 

oath to the above Inventory that it John Kent 

was a true Inventory of Edward Al- 
line, deceased his estate &c 

Samuel PARrKior,, Register." 

He m. Nov. 24, 1658, Sarah, dau. Richard Kimball of Ipswich, 
who came from Ipswich, England, in 1634; two brothers of Sarah 
were killed by Indians, Caleb with Lothrop, and Thomas at Rowley 
the next year; she d. June 12, 1696, a. abt. 56. 















5 I 




















Ch.: John, Aug. 9, 1659(2). Jr., of Suff.; had ch., Martha, b. Feb. 

Sarah, July 4, 1661; d. Feb. 10, 1662. 16, 1697-8, and d. one week later. 

Edward, May I, 1663 (3). Benjamin, Sept. 1673(5). 

Sarah. Mar. I, 1664; m. Apr. 21, 1685, David, Feb. i, 1675 (6). 

Kdw. Smith of Suff. Abigail, Mar. 25, 1678; m. Timothy 

Elizabeth, Dec. 20, 1666; m. Nov. 14, Palmer of Suff. 

1683, Wm. Prichard; she d. Ju?ie 16, Samuel, 1679(7). 

1694. Mary. Apr. 9, 1683; d. uiim. at Dfd. 

William, Mar. 12, 1668(4). Oct. 25, 1707. 

Martha, m. July 28, 1696, Sam'l Kent, Caleb, Mar. 31, 1685 (8). 

2, John, s. of Edward (1), b. 1659; went with his father to Suit"., 
where he took the oath of allegiance Jan. 30, 1678, antl had a grant 
of 40 acres; Aug., 1685, a home lot here was granted to him and 
brother Edward at the south end of the Street; Sept. 14, 1686, he 
sold his house and land at Suff. to Jacob Adams for ^25; in 1686 a 
20-acre lot at Greenfield was given him; Mar. 9, 1689, with his broth- 
er Edw'd he bought 60 acres at the Hars of John Pynchon, who had 
for several years been making improvements upon it; all his large 
family but one escaped in the attack of Feb. 29, 1704, but on the 
iith of May he was k. at the Bars and his wife was taken and k. in 
the woods. (See ante, p. 318.) He m. Feb. 22, 1682, Elizabeth, dau. 
William Prichard of Ipswich and Brookfield. 

Ch.: John, Dec. 21, i682;d.Apr. 3,1683. Sarah, Jan. 4, 168S; cap. 1704; d. May 
John, Jan. 14 1683-4(9). 14. 1715. 

Richard, Sept. 17, 1685; d. June 8,1696. Joseph, Mar. 28, 1691. 

Elizabeth, Nov. 4, 1686; m. abt. 1705, Benjamin, Apr. 8, 1693 (10). 

Thomas Granger, Jr., of Suff. Ebenezer, Aug. 16, 1696. 

3, Edward, s. of Edward (i), b. 1663; went to Suff. 1678, where 
he had a grant of 40 acres; he had a 40-acre grant on Oreen river in 
1686; he was quite a prominent man in town affairs, town clerk 1704- 
12, and for many years clerk of the market; d. Feb. 10, 1740. He m. 
Nov. 24, 1683, Mercy Painter, whose mother was a Lamberton of 
New Haven. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, Mar. 14,1685-6; d. Feb. well. 

7, 1697. Jemima, Feb. 4. 1696-7; m. Mar. i, 
Edward, Mar. 11, 1687-8 (11). 1715, John Catlin. 

Mercy, Feb. 3, 16S9; m. Apr. 8, 1708, Hannah, Feb. 12, 1698-9; m. Aug. 25, 

Peter Evans, who sett, in Nfd. i735i John Stebbins, his 2d" vvife. 

Sarah, May i, 1692. Consider, May 8, 1701 ; d. May 26, 1701. 

Martha, Nov. 6, 1694; m. Sam'l Bard- Samuel, Apr. 6, 1702 (12). 

4, William, s. of Edward (i), b. 1668; he also had a 40-acre grant 
at Suff. in 1678; d. Nov. 15, 17 11, leaving ^125 estate. He m. Dec. 
29, 1692, Joanna Dibble, prob. dau. Samuel of Simsbury; she m. (2), 
(pub. July 5, 1 7 15,) David Burt of Spfd. 

Ch.: William, July 28, 1694; school- Samuel, Oct. 8, 1701; sett, in Hrimtield. 

master, soldier under Capt. Sam'l Ebenezer. June 7, 1704. 

Barnard in Rasle's war; m. June 15, John, Feb. 24, 1706-7. 

1727, Keziah Taylor of Spfd; d. at Hepzibah, Mar. 14, 1710-11; d. .'\pr. 5, 

Wind. Jan. i. 1732-3, leaving 7 ch. 1711. 

Joanna, Apr. 21, 1696. Ephraim, Apr. 4, 1712, posthumous. 
Sarah, Apr. 28, 1699. 

ALLEN, 11 

5, Benjamin, s. of Edward (i), b. 1673, weaver; of Spfd. 1717-24, 
where he is lost sight of. He m. Oct. 4, 1699, Mercy Towsley. 

Ch.: Benjamin, Aug. 2, 1700; m. Abi- is not proved that he belongs here. 

gail — ; d. Dec. 22, 1720. Mercy, July 16, 1704. 

Edward. Aug. 16, 1701? David, June i, 1706; d. Dec. 29. 1720. 

f Joseph, 1702, (13). Joseph is placed Moses, May 11, 1709; m. Oct. 11, 1739, 

by others in this family and now re- Hannah Miller; d. Dec. 29, 1755. 

tained as a tentative assumption. It Aaron, Apr. 8, 171 1. 

6, David, s. of Edward (i), b. 1675, weaver; rem. to Hanover, 
N. J., abt. 1720. He in. Nov. 29, 171 1, Sarah Grosvenor. 

Ch.: fDavid, Feb. 9, 1713. John, Mar. 15, 1716-17. 

Adoniram, Mar. 8, 17x4 15. 

7, Samuel, s. of Edward (i), b. 1679, weaver; rem. abt. 1711 to 
Hanover, N. J., where he was a deacon; d. Nov. 28, 1730. He m. 
Nov. 22, 1706, Anna Hay ward. 

Ch.: fSamuel, Sept. 3, 1707. Martha, Sept. 19, 1714. 

Job, Nov. 20, 1709. Jonah, Jan. 20, 1716-17. 

Anna, Apr. 4, 1712. 

8, Caleb, s. of Edward (i), b. 1685, weaver; Hved in Suff., En- 
field and Nhn., where he d. Sept. 23, 1761. He m., 1721, Hannah 
Eaton of Haverhill; she d. June 8, 1786, a. 88. 

Ch.: fHannah, Feb. 6, 1721-2. Abigail, Jan. 29, 1732-3; m. Mar. 29, 

Tamar, Dec. 23, 1723; m. abt. 1752, 1768, Nehemiah Healey of Winches- 

Ebenezer Stratton ot Nfd. ter, N. H. 

Lydia,Aug. 16, 1726; m.abt. 1752, Elea- Benjamin, who,vvith wife Eunice, rem. 

zer Stratton of Nfd. abt.1754 to Charlestown, N. H., was 

James and Edward, time of b. unk. prob. of this family. 

9, John, s. of John (2), b. 1684; was an early sett, in Gfd., where 
he d. Nov. 30, 1761. He m. June 21, 1716, Abigail, dau. Ebenezer 
Severance; she d. Dec. 18, 1770, a. 74. 

Ch.: Abigail, May 27, 1717; m. Dec. Ebenezer, Mar. 2, 1725-6(15). 

8, 1734, Nathaniel Brooks; d. Sept. Noah, June 24, 1727 (16). 

30, 1745- Eunice, Sept. 19, I729;d.jan.i6, 1743-4. 

Elizabeth, May 1, I7i8;d. May 23, 1718. Rebecca, Feb. 9, 1730-1. 

John, May 2, 1719(14). "David, Oct. 2. 1732(17). 

Ebenezer, Jan. 11,1720-1; d. Apr. 11, Rhoda, Aug. 7, 1734; d. June 30, 1777. 

1723- Thankful. Dec. 8, 1736; m. Mar. 10, 

Elizabeth, Mar. 24, 1722; m. Apr. 27, 1774, Thos. Judd of Nhn., his 3d 

1746, Aaron Brooks. wife; she d. Feb. 9, 1775. 

Sarah, Feb. 2, 1723-4; m. Dec. 24, 1741, E.xperience, Dec. 20, 1738; d. Jan. 27, 

Shubal Atherton. 1738-q. 

10, Benjamin, s. of John (2), b. 1693; ret. to Suff.; d. Feb. 23, 
1743. He m. 1718, Abigail Jaquish of Suff ; she d. Oct. 1746. 

Ch : Abigail, Dec. 6, i 719. Jaquish, May 20, 1729; d. June 1 1, 1729. 

Ebenezer, Mar. 15, 1722-3. Reuben, Sept. 22, 1734. 

Susanna, Mar. !6, 1726-7. 

11, EnwARn, s. of Edward (3), b. 1688; inn-holder, 1723-29; 
rem. to Gfd. after 1749; d. Dec. 19, 1756, and was buried on that 


part of his home lot set apart for a buryingyard. His tliist, with 
that of the leading men who settled Gfd., was carted away in 1881, 
to make place for a highway — a disgrace to the town which will burn 
deeper and deeper as the years roll by. He m. Feb. 4, 1719-20, 
Martha, dau. Ebenezer W^ells of Hat.; she d. Feb. 26, 1719-20; (2) 
Feb. I, 1 72 1-2, Mercy, dau. Richard Childs of Barnstable; she d. 
Oct. 26, 1758, a. 60, 

Ch.: Amos, Nov. 18. 1722,(18). Irene, Mar. 15, 1734-5; m. July 13, 1754, 

Elizabeth, Dec. 1, 1728; m. Jan. 25, Isaac Foster. 

1747-8, Ebenezer Arms. Edward, Apr. 3, 1739. 

Tabitha, Feb. 4, i730-i;m, Abner Arms. Silvanus, Feb. 26, 1742-3. 

12. S.\!\iuEi., s. of Edward (3), b. 1702; lived at the Bars in the 
house occupied by Oeo. Fuller as his studio; he was k. by Indians, 
Aug. 25, 1746, while bravely defending his children from the savage 
foe. (See ante, p 546.) His gravestone in the old burying ground 
bears the following epitaph: — 

Listen to me ye mortal men Bewar 
That you engage no more in direful 
War. By meanse of War my Soul from 
Earth is fled, my Body Lodged in 
Mansions of the dead 

He m. Nov. 3, 1727, Hannah, dau. of Eleazer Hawks; she d. Mar. 8, 
1771, a. 67. 

Ch.: Samuel, May 21, 1729; d. Aug. 28, spinner; m. Taylor of Mont. 

1737- Caleb, Mar. 30, 1737(19). 

Sarah, June 2, 1730; m. Oct. 17, 1751, Samuel, Apr. 31, 1738 (20). 

Amasa Nims. Susanna, Aug. 2, 1739; ^ tailoress; m. 

Chloe,Oct.4, 1731; d. unm. Oct. 25, 1767. Oct. 6, 1774, Sam'l Bodman of Wil- 

Eunice, June 6, 1733; tomahawked & liamsburg. 

left for dead at the Bars fight when Mercy, Apr. 16, 1741; d. unm. Oct. 9, 

her father was k.; she never entirely 1765- 

recovered and for the last 20 yrs. of Lamberlon, bap. May i, 1742 (21). 

her life she was confined to her bed; Enoch, Nov. 27, 1744(22). 

d. Oct. 16, 1818. Ichabod — posthumous, d. in infancy. 
Hannah, bap. Nov. 13, 1735; a noted 

13. JosKPH, supposed son of Benjamin (5), b. 1702; he rem. to 
Ber. in 1759, where he d. July 17, 1786, a. 84. He m. A])r. 4, 1727, 
Hannah, dau. Joseph Clesson of Nhn.; she d. May 13, 1790, a. 84. 

Ch.: Zebulon, Oct. 22. 1727(23). Joseph, Mar. 14, 1739-40; d. .\pr. 30, 

Sem, 1728; d. in infancy. I744- 

Sem, Feb. 9, 1730-1; d. July 24, 1754. Asaph. Sept. 16, i742;d. June 24, 1744. 

Mary, Nov. 5, 1732; d. May 15, 1744. Marah.June 12, 1747; d. June 30, 1747. 
Seba, Sept. 16, 1736; d. May 20, 1744. 

Four of these children died within 6 weeks of a "throat distemper." Was it 
diphtheria ? 

14. John, s. of John (9), b. 1 719; rem. to Nfd. He m. May 8, 1744; 
Jerusha Hastings; she d. at Orwell, Vt., Jan. 29, 1797, age 77. 

Ch.: Eunice, Sept. 11, 1744; m. Mar. pub. May, 1798 to Hannah Kna[)p; 

13, 1761, Elias Bascom. m. (2) Feb. 5, 1801, Lucy Johnson. 

Jerusha, Apr. 24, 1746. Ithamar, Sept. 25, 1750(24). 

Ruel, Oct. 8, 1748; was in Shel. 1780; John, Nov. 24, 1752 (25). 

ALLEN. 13 

Benjamin, Nov. 4, 1754; Rev. sol. 1775; Sibyl, July 17, 1759; m. John Field of 
at Shel. 1780; m. July 12, 177S, Polly Nfd. 

Wells. Elizabeth, Dec. 23, 1762. 

15, Ebenezer, s. of John (9), b. 1726; sett, in Gfd.; d. Mar. 31, 
1801. He m. June 12, 1748, Jerusha Graves; she d. Apr. 22, 1813, a. 85. 

Ch.: Abigail, July 29, 1749; m. May 21, Selah, Sept. 22, 1762(28). 

1779, Lemuel Bascom. Elizabeth, July 11, 1765. 

Job, Jan. 19, 1752; m. Apr. 9, 1789, Phe- Elihu, Jan. 7, 1768; m. Electa, dau. 

be Picket; d. Apr. 4, 1812. Jona. Smead. No ch. 

Ebenezer, July 21, 1754(26). Elijah,- ; m. May 29, 17S7, Eunice, 

Thankful, Nov. i, 1757; d. unm. July dau. Jona. Smead; sett, in Halifax, 

9, 1825. ' Vt. 
Joel, Apr. 23. 1760 (27). 

16, Noah, s. of John (9), b. 1727; was in Ufd. when he m.; in 
1782, he rem. to that part of (rfd. which was afterwards Gill; abve 
1796. He m. Oct. 16, 1752, Ruth Martindale in Wfd. 

Ch.: Experience, Nov. 10, 1753; m. Ruth, Apr. 1769; m. (pub. Sept. 11, 
Oct. 26, 1781, Benj. Deane. 17S6), Andrew Wilkins. 

Eliphaz, July 3, 1755; d. Aug. 31, 1764. Lucinda, Feb. 12, 1770; d. Feb. 22,1770. 

Apollos, Dec. 14, 1756 (29). Dorinda, Feb. 12, 1770; m. Mar. 26, 

Noah, Apr. 25, 1761; d. Dec. 25, 1763. I793, Jehiel Gaines. 

Child, b. and d. Apr. 23 (?) 1763. Lucinda, bap. May 17, 1772. 

Eliphaz, Mar. 10, 1766; m. Apr. 15, Prob. Noah, who m. Clarissa Green. 
1790, Eunice Putnam. 

17, David, s. of John (9), b. 1732; sol. in 1755; Dfd. 1774; d. in 
Gfd. Aug. 24, 1 79 1. He m. Joanna, dau. Joseph Severance. 

Ch.: Solomon, May i, 1756; d. July 9, Mary, Jan. i, 1765; m. Oct. 21, 17S5, 

1756. Jonas Stanhope. 

Solomon, July 14,1757; d. Sept. 17,1758. Thankful, Apr. 16, 1767; m. Nov. 27, 

Joanna, Oct. 14, 1760; m. Dec. 27, 1781, 1788, Selah Allen. 

Gideon Dewey. David, July 17, 1769. 

Rachel, Dec. 28, 1762; d. Aug. 4, 1767. Rachel, Sept. 27, 1771. 

18, Amos, s. of Edward (11), b. 1722; Lieut, sett, in Gfd;d. Mar. 
27, 1797. He m. June 6, 1743, Rebecca, dau. John Nims; she d. Apr. 
18, 1750, a. 23; (2) Jemima Root, who d. Feb. 11, 1816, a. 89. 

Ch.: Rebecca, July 28, 1744; m. Apr. ■- Lemuel Warner of Hadley. 

1765, Seth Denio. Mercy, Apr. 25, 1761; m. Sept. 28, 

Edward, Nov. 22,1746; d. Jan. 3,1746-7. 1778, Joseph Severance. 

Silvanus, Nov. 22, 1746(30). Amos, Apr. 25, 1763(31). 

Elizabeth, Aug. 13, 1749; m. Aug. 10, Quintus, Mar. 13, 1765 (32). 

1775, Abner Wells. Irene, Apr. 28, 1767; m. Oct. 29, 1786, 

Edvvardus, Oct. 9, 1754; m. Oct. 23, Elias Bardvvell of Colrain. 

1787, Hannah Brown of Leyden. Hannah, Oct. 11, 1769; m. Dec. 9, 1790, 

Martha, Oct. 15, 1756; d. Sept. 16, 1758. Ambrose Ames of Gfd. 
Martha, Nov. 25,1758; m. Apr. 28, 1808, 

19, Caleb, s. of Samuel (12), b. 1737; lived at the Bars; d. Nov. 
26, 1807. He m. Feb. 4, 1768, Judith, dau. Eleazer Hawks; she d. 
May 20, 1819, a. 73. 

Ch.: Chloe, May 27, 1769; m. 1788, Eli Eliel, Jan. 27, 1771; d. Aug. 5, 1773. 
Cooley. Asaph, 1773; d. Sept. 23, 1775. 



Eliel. July 3, 1775(33)- 

Judith, May 5, 1777; m. Nov. 18. 1819, 

Henry Bardvvell, his 2d wife. 
Asaph, July 9, 1779(34). 

Caleb, Nov. 30, 1781; d. s. p. Dec. 16, 

Lavina, Oct. 9, 17S6; m. May 30, 1821, 

Oliver Starr. 

20, Samuel, s. of Samuel (12), b. 1738; Lieut, in Rev. war; Capt. 
in Shays rebellion; cap. at the Bars fight; rem. to Ash. and thence 
to Grand Isle, Vt., 1794, and later to North Hero, where he d. Feb. 
1833. He m. May 24, 1764, Zilpha, dau. of that Eleazer Hawks 
who was k. at the time of Samuel's capture. I give what little 1 have 
found of his family. 

Ch.: f Samuel, Dec. 19, 1766(35). 

Mercy, ; m. 1794, Isaac Sanderson. 

Sarah,? who m. a Shaw of Plainfield, 

abt. 1780. 
Said to have had three other sons and 
one daughter. 

21, L.AMBERroN, s. of Samuel (12), b. 1742; sett, in Ash.; rem. to 
Grand Isle, 1780; was at Arlington Dec. 29, 1782; d. 1813. He m. 
Dec. 5, 1770, Sarah Belden; she d. 1779; he m. (2) 1782, Esther, wid. 
of \Vm. Chamberlain of Dfd., who was k. Aug. 23, 1777, at the battle 
of Stillwater; she d. Dec. 31, 1838. 

Ch.:\ Necho and Lamberton, bap. 

Sept. 17, 1775- 
Sarah, bap. Oct. 13, 1776. 
Obed, lune 15, 1778. 

Esther, Dec. 13, 1782: the first white 

child b. at Grand Isle. 
By his first wife said to have had 

George and three others. 

22, Enoch, s. of Samuel (12), b. 1744; rem. to Ash. after 1767, 
where he d. July 8, 1789. He m. Nov. 28, 1771, Mercy Belding. In 
1795 ^'""^j with 7 children, rem. to Grand Isle. 

CIt.: f Enoch, May 6, 1772. 
Heman, June, 14, 1777 (36). 
Abisha, bap. Oct. 29, 1780. 
Aretas, bap. Oct. 29, 1780. 
Obed, bap. Nov. II, 1781. 

Mercy, ; m. Goodwin. 

Eunice, bap. Aug. 9. 1786. 
Consider, bap. Aug. 10, 1787. 

Joel, July 8, 1 789, the day of his father's 
death; he became a leading man in 
North Hero; Judge of County Court 
1818-23, Cleric of Court, 1825, Judge 
of Probate 1828-43, Town Clerk 1828- 
45, Slate Senator, 18378, was Rep., 
Co. Com., Co. Treas. many yrs.; d. 
Apr. 17, 1868. 

23, Zebulon, s. of Joseph (13), b. 1727; Lieut, in the French 
and Indian wars 1755-8; rem. to Ber. abt. 1756; d. Feb. 15, 1786. 
He m.Nov. 21, 1751, Freedom Cooley of Sund. ; she d. Sept. 16, 
1801, a. 71. 

Ch.:\ Asaph, Oct. 22, 1752 (37). 

Sem, Apr. 6, 1755 (38). 

Joseph, Mar. 29, 1757 (39). 

Seba, Aug. 16, 1759 (40). 

Mary, Feb. 2, 1762; m. Thaddeus 

Jonathan, Apr. 20, 1766(41). 
Samuel Clesson, Jan. 5, 1772 (42). 
Electa, Feb. 26, 1775; m. Dec. 21, 1797. 

Ellsworth Hunt. 

24, Ithamar, s. of John (14), b. 1750; sett, in Gill, 1785. He m. 
Sept. 23, 1773, Eunice Risley. 

Ch.: Reuben, May 15, 1774. 
Ethan, May 27, 1776. 
Naomi Stricklen, Apr. 3, 1778. 
Ithamar, Jan. 24, 1780. 

Chloe, Nov. 18, 1781. 
Amanda, Mar. 26, 1783. 
Zenas, Mar. 24, 1786. 
Dosha, May 29, 1788. 



Submit, (or Solomon) Jan. 24, 1790. 
Lynda, Nov. 3, 1792. 

Sullivan, (or Solomon), Jan. 18, 1794. 

25i John, s. of John (14), b. 1752; rem. to Nfd. He m. July 6, 
177 1, Jemima, dau. Ebenezer Janes. 

Ch.: Hannah, bap. Aug. 9, 1772. 
Sarah, bap. June 13, 1773; m. 1791, 

Wm. Henderson. 
Lucy, bap. June 12,1775; m- Sept. 1797, 

Nathan Carey. 
Jemima, bap. June 22, 1777; m. May 

7, I79f), John Bates. 
Rhoda, bap. Jan. 31, 1781; m. Jeremiah 


John, bap. Jan. 31, 1781; m. Mary 

Lorastus, bap. Aug. 8, 1782. 
Polly, bap. Feb. 15, 1786. 
Russell, Aug. 10, 1788. 
Lucretia, June 3, 1791. 
Mellit, Apr. 21, 1794. 
Ruel, Mar. 18, 1797. 
Bri, Feb. 13, 1800. 

26. Ebenezer, s. of Ebenezer (15), b. 1754; rem. after 1800 to 
Waterbury, Vt. He m. Jan. 6, 1779, Sarah Bush. 

Ch.: Ebenezer. Sept. 2, 1779. 
Samuel, May 3, 1781; m. Mary, dau. 

Samuel Hinsdale. 
Pliny, Jan. 20, 1783. 
Reuben, Mar. 10, 1784; d. next day. 
Zibah, Feb. 4, 1786, 

Obed, May 10, 1788. 

Sarah, Feb. 20, 1791; d. Oct. 20, 1795. 

Hart, lune i, 1793; d. Oct. 12, 1795. 

Clarissa, Sept. 22, 1795. 

Hart, May 12, 1799. 

27. Joel, s. of Ebenezer (15), b. 1760; Rev. sol.; rem. to Ver- 
mont. He m. Dec. 15, 1785, Mary, dau. David Smead. 

Ch.: Ro.xelana, Sept. 15, 1786. 
Horace, Dec. 17, 1787. 
Julius, Aug. 29, 1789. 
Joel, Nov. 20, 1792 (43). 

Mary. July 5, 1794; d. Aug. 24, 1794.' 

Mary, July 16, 1795. 

Son, 1798; d. Sept 25, 1802. 

28. Selah, s. of Ebenezer (15), b. 1762; d. abt. 1837. He m. Nov. 
27, 1788, Thankful, dau. David Allen; she d. June 15, 1801, a. 34. 
(2) (pub. Oct. 15, 1804), Electa, dau. Eleazer Wells; she d. Oct. 25, 
1836, a. 67. 

Ch.:\ Zerah, Apr. 19, 1789. 

David, July 5, 1791 (44). 

Ezra, Jan. r, 1793; d. Aug. 14, 1794. 

Ezra, Oct. 25, 1794 (45). 

Cyrus, Dec. 29, 1796; m. (pub. Sept. 

22,1823), Sarah Hall of Halifax; sett. 

in Brookfield, Vt. 

Thankful, May 22, 1801; d. July 3, 1803. 
Thankful, (?) m. June 14, 1823, Eliel 

Elizabeth, ; m. 1833, Abner Nims. 

Daniel. ; m. Kingsley. 

Dau., 1807; d. Jan. 26, iSio. 
And two other children. 

29, Apollos, s. of Noah (16), b. 1756; Rev. sol. 1775-80; rem. 
abt. 1793 to Smyrna, N. Y., where he d. 1807. He m. Jan. 24, 1780, 
Debora Parda. 

Ch.:\ Levina, Sept. 11, 1780. 
Parda, Aug. 29, 1782. 
Manda, Dec. 7, 1784. 

Apollos, Apr. 23, 1787. 
Marsena, Sept. 1789; m. 1811, Hannah 
Gates Percival. 

30. SiLVANUS, s. of Amos (18), b. 1746; sett, in Shel.; d. Sept. 5, 
1837. He rii. Nov. 12, 1772, Martha, dau. Samuel Stebbins; she d. 
June 14, 1829, a. 75. 


Ch.: Silvanus, June ig, 1773; d. Aug. Moses, June 7, 1781 (46). 

20, 1777. Martha, Dec. 3, 1783; m. Nov. 7, 1810, 

Edward Stebbins, Mar. 17, 1775; in. Jesse Smead of Gfd. 

Anna McGee of Col; sett inSheI.;d. Solomon, Jan. 2, 1786; went West. 

Sept. 16, 1826; she d. Aui^. 11, 1867, Rebecca, Apr. 11. 1788; d. unm. 

a. 90. Matilda, Mar. 25, 1790; m. (pub. Sept. 

Lydia, Feb. 3, 1777; m. Nov. ig. 1795, 25, 1824) Jesse Smead. 

Moses Whiting. Betsey, Aug. 11, 1792; d. Nov. 13, 1818. 

Silvanus, Feb. 5, I77g; m. Feb. 5, 1806, David, Dec. 31, 1794; d. Dec. i, i8i3. 

Betsey, dau. Dr. Ebenezer Childs of Orinda, May 26, 1797; m. Bolton Mc- 

Shel. Gee of Col. 

31, Amos, s. of Amos (18), b. 1763; sett, in Shel. ; d. May 16, 
1842. He m. Nov. 10, 1783, Abigail, dau. Jona. Hoyt of Dfd.; she 
d. Dec. 6, 1838, a. 75. 

Ch.: Fidelia, May 20, 1784; m. Levi Stephen Fellows of Shel. 

McGee of Col.; she d. Nov. 21, 1850. Amos, May 3, 1798; d. Oct. 6, 1801. 

Myranda, Nov. 18, 1786; d. unm. July Child, b. and d. Oct. 16, 1800. 

22. 1831. Mercy, Feb. 24, 1802; m. Sept. 20, 1825, 

Ezekiel, Apr. 16, 1789. Elias H. Hammond; (2) Ebenezer 

Abigail, Mar. 3, 1791 ; d. June 16, 1795. Bardwell. 

Warren, July 17, 1793 (47). Lucy Ann, Nov. 24, 1804; "i- Nov. 30, 

Abigail, Oct. 20, 1795; m. Nov. 30, 1S26, 1826, Jarvis Stebbins. 

32, QuiNTUS, s. of Amos (18), b. 1765; sett, in Gfd.; lived in 
house now standing, built 1766; Capt.; d. Nov. 12, 1826. He ni. 
June I, 178S, Dorothy, dau. Sam'l Stebbins; d. Apr. 10, 1824. 

C//..' f Sophia, abt. 1789; m. Dec. 13, Quintus, Aug. 5, 1805; one of the most 
1806, Ira Arms of Shel. ; she d. Nov. prominent men in Gfd.; he d. Nov. 
2, 1848. 22, 1S84; he m. Nov. 2, 1842, Char- 
Sarah, abt. 1791; d. Aug. 21, 1792. lotte M., dau. Jesse Smead; she d. 
Sary, abt. June, 1793; d. Aug. 26, 1802. Nov. I, 1845, a. 29; (2) Martha, sis- 
Alvah, abt. Jan. 1796; d. Aug. 29, 1802. ter of Charlotte M.; shed. May 7, 
Quintus, abt. 1798: d. Sept. i, 1802. 1851, a. 30; (3) Nov. 23, 1864, wid. 
Dorothy, Aug. II, 1800; d. Aug. 23, 1802. Lydia (Barnard) Kelley. 
Jemima, Mar. 29, 1803; m. June 3, 1824, Dorothy, abt. 1808; d. Aug. 10. 1840. 
Obed Newton; she d. Feb. 20, 1841. 

33, Eliel, s of Caleb (19), b. 1775; lived at Wapping; d. Nov. 
12, 1844. He m. Dec. 16, 1802, Electa AllisofHat.; shed. Aug. 18, 

Ch.: Electa, .Mar. 3, 1804; d. Aug. Catharine E., dau. Henry Bardwell ; 

16, 1818. he d. Nov. 16, 1862. 

Carlos, Nov. 23, 1805(48). Judith, June 14, 1811. 

Caleb, Mar. 20, i8og; m. Jan. 5, 1842, josiah, Jan. 2, 1814 (49). 

34, AsAPH, s. of Caleb (19), b. 1779; lived on old homestead at 
the Bars; d. Apr. 16, 1854. He m. May 31, 1820, Cynthia Hutchin- 
son of Norwich, Vt. 

Ch.: Charles Hutchinson, Mar. 25, John Edward, Sept. 25, 1830; d. Jan. 

1822 (50). 28, 1832. 

Mary Ann, Aug. 14, 1823; m. May 18, Edward, July 7, 1832 (52). 

1843, Horatio Hawks. George, Nov. 2, 1834; (1. Sept. 25, 1838. 

William, Apr. 26, 1825 (51). Frances, 1836; d. soon. 

Amelia S., Feb. 16, 1828; m. June 20, Elizabeth, July 28, 1837; d. May 12, 

1861, Christopher Merrill of Penn. 1838. 

ALLEN. 17 

35. Samuel, s. of Samuel (20), b. 1766; Rev. sol.; rem. to Grand 
Isle; d. Oct. 20, 1853. He m. 1792, Phebe Toby of Plymouth, Vt. 

CIi.: f Samuel, 1794, and 6 others, names unk. 

36. Heman, s. of Enoch (22), b. 1777; followed his mother to 
Grand Isle after two or three years' academical life; he went on foot, 
carrying all his worldly possessions; studied law, was admitted to 
the bar in 1803; sett, in Milton and rem. to Burlington in 1825; was 
12 years in the Legislature from Milton, chosen to Congress 1832, 
and served four terms; d. Dec. 11, 1844. Hem. Dec. 4, 1804, Sarah, 
dau. Jona. Prentice of St. Albans, Vt.; she d. Dec. 1, 1850. 

Ch.: f Heman; d. while in college. Joseph W., Jan. 17, 1819; lawyer ai 
Lucius; d. at 19. Burlington, Milton and Richmond; 

George; Prof, of Greek and Latin in d. Mar. 5, 1861. 

the University of Phil.; d. 1876. Charles P.; sett, in Port Kent, N. Y. 

Sarah; m. Rev. John Converse of Bur- Julia; d. at ii years. 

lington. James H.; sett, in Montreal. 

37. Asaph, s. of Zebulon (23), b. 1752; of Ber.; Corp. ni Rev. 
war 1775. He m. Persis, dau. Remembrance Sheldon; she d. Feb. 
15, 1852, a. 95. 

Ch.: Ro.xana, Aug. 10, 1778; m. Mar. Eliakim, Feb. 24, 1785. 

25. '797. Jared George. Asaph, Mar. 13, 1788. 

Zebulon, May 9, 1780. Horace, July 3, 1790; d. Jan. 15, 1791. 
Sophia, Dec. 26, 1781 ; d. May 23, 1783. 

38. Sem, s. of Zebulon (23), b. 1755; sett, in Leyden. He m. Ex- 
perience . 

Ch.: Martha, Sept. 14, 1775. Experience, Nov. 3, 17S3. 

Erasius, Nov. 2, 1777; m. Paulina Wil- Simeon, Oct. i, 1786. 

der. Ozieas, Mar. 5, 1791. 
Solomon, Jan. 5, ivSo. 

39. Joseph, s. of Zebulon {21^, b. 1757; marched on the Lexing- 
ton alarm, was in the battle of Bunker Hill; enlisted again for one 
year Jan., 1776, under Capt. Thos. Alexander; sett, in Ber.; d. Dec. 

28, 1828. He m. , Eunice ; she d. Feb. 6, 1808, a. 47; (2), 

(pub. Feb. 26, 1814), Anna S., wid. of Joseph Smith,] who d. Oct. 12, 
1812, a. 60.] 

Ch.: Robert, Feb. 13, 1781. Electa, Oct. 12, 1792. 

Richard Willard, Jan. 22, 17S3; d. July Joseph, Sept. 16, 1795; d. Dec. 28, 1805. 

8, 1803. Ro.xanna, July 20, 1798; m. Dec. 10, 

Dorothy, Feb. 4, 1785. 1816, Caleb Chapin. 

Edward, May 1787. Charles, Feb. 3, 1801. 
Eunice, Mar. 15, 1790. 

40. Seba, s. of Zebulon (23), b. 1759; d. at Ber., July 10, 1798. 
He m. Clymena E 

Ch.:\ Clymena Emerancy, Nov. 20, 1796; d. Sept. 11, 1802 or 12. 

41. Jonathan, s. of Zebulon (23), b. 1766; Ber. ; d. Aug. 28, 1836. 
He m. Apr. 9, 1789, Chloe Bascom; she d. May 2, 1815, a. 45; (2), 
pub. May 10, 18 17), Betsey Bascom; she d. Nov. 4, 1865, a. 74. 



Ch.: Alfred Basconi, Jime 5, 1789. 
Aurelia, Nov. 17, 1791. 
Louis Capet, May 20, 1793. 
Charles Jaiiis, Feb. 6, 1795. 
George Anson, May 19, 1797. 
Patrick Wells, Feb. 9, 1800; d. Aug. 6, 

Fred E. Hunt, Oct. i, iSoi. 

Albert Gallatin, Feb. 28, 1804. 
Harriet Chloe, Dec. 4, 1805; m. Oct. 3, 

1830, Joel Spaulding. 
Cb'tnena Sophia, Dec. 25, 1807; ni. Oct. 

4, 1830, Levi Gilbert. 
Jonathan (^ooley, July 24, 1812; d. at 

Columbus, Ga., Sept. 11, 1833. 

42, Samuel Clesson, s. of Zcbulon (23), b. 1772; clergyman, law- 
yer, statesman; was Rep. 4 years, Senator 4 years, Councilor 2 years, 
M. C. 12 years; res. in New Salem, Gfd. and Nfd , where he d. Feb. 
8, 1S42. He m. Sarah, dau. Hezekiah Newcomb of Ber; she d. Jan. 
22, 1797, a. 22; (2), Apr 10, 1797, Mary, dau. Elisha Hunt; she d. 
Feb. 13, 1833; (3), Aug., 1 84 1, kosannah (Smith), wid. Abner Terry 
of (Iranby; she d. June 9, 1S67, a. 83. 

Ch:. Samuel C, Sept. 11, 1793 (53). 

Joseph Priestly, May 3, 1795 (54). 

Infant, Jan. i, 1797. 

Patty H., Apr. 28, 1798; m. Oct. 23, 
1817, David Gregg of New Salem. 

James B.,Dec. 26 1799; Lieut. U. S. A. ; 
d. at Saginaw, Mich., Aug. 21, 1823. 

John J., Dec. 26, 1799; m. Apr. 27, 1835, 
Sarah M. Gregg; d. Nov. 15, 1857. 

Zebulon, Jan. 6, 1802 (55). 

Elisha H., Jan. 18, 1804; lawyer, states- 
man; grad. W. C. 1S23; M. C. from 
Maine four years; rem. to the Sand- 
wich Islands to practice law, where 
he soon obtained a seat on the bench 
and was made chief justice by Kam- 
ahamaha V. in 1863; in 1867 was en- 
voy extraordinary to the United 
States, to negotiate a treaty of reci- 
procity for the Hawaiian governm't. 

Frederick IL.Feb. 3, 1806; ]awyer;grad. 
University ofVt.; became eminent 
at the bar of Maine; judge of the Su- 
preme court and M. C; rem. to Bos- 
ton and was lecturer on political 
economy at H. C; d. at Boston, 
Apr. 5, 1868; m. Feb. 26, 1829, Ihir- 
riet, dau. Oliver Cooley, wid. Jack- 
son Dickinson of Dfd. 

Sarah E., 1808: d. June 19, 1811. 

Sarah N., Aug. 8, iSio; m. Feb 0, 1834, 
John Appleton of Bangor, Me. 

May L., Apr. 8, 1812; d. unm. fulv 2, 

Dwight, Mar. 20, 1813. 

Arthur E., Sept. 7, 1814; an Indian 
trader in Wisconsin; d. s. p. June 
12, 1871. 

Edward, Aug. 5, 1818; sett, in Phil.; d. 
in Australia, Nov. i860. 

43i .T<^F.L, s. of Joel (27), b. T792; rem. to Vermont; d. Feb. 25, 
1849. tie m. Oct. 28, 1818, Polly Tyler; she d. Sept. 19, 1835; (2), 
Aug. 3, 1840, Sarah Gale. 

Ch.: Infant, May I9,i8i(); d. same day. 
Andrews Ethan, July 13, 1820. 
Abigail Perlina, July 2, 1822; d. Aug. 

19, 1S24. 
Mary Perlina, Sept. 24, 1824. 

Infant, June iS, 1841; d. same day. 
Henrietta, July 6, 1S42. 
Horace B., Oct. 3, 1844. 
Sarah S., Dec. 9, 1846. 

44. David, s. of Selah (28), b. 1791; lived in (ifd. aiul \M(\. He 
m. Jan. i, 1816, Fanny A., dau. John Blackler of Dfd.; she d. Aug. 
19, 1846, a. 46. 

Ch.: Selah IL, Mar. 2, 1817. 
Fanny L, July 3, 1S19. 
Roger Newton, Dec. 14, 1821. 
David O., Nov. 1824. 

Sarah, Dec. 14, 1827. 

Harriet L., May 3, 1S30. 

One dau. m. Martindale. 

45, KzRA, s. of Selah (28), b. 1794, Gfd.; d. Mar. 23, 1846. He 
m. (pub. June 20. 1822), Esther Denio; she d. Apr. 14, 1843, a. 43. 
Ch.: fElihu Smead, July 15, 1S23. 

ALLEN. 19 

46, Moses, s. of Sylvanus (30), b. 1781; d. Oct. 20, 1822. He 
prob. m. Nov. 26, 1807, Rachel, dau. Martin Severance of Shel.; he 
was a saddler in Shel. 1807. 

Ch.: Norman, Sept. 21, 1813. Betsey, May 28, i8ig. 

Almon, Apr. 28, 1815. Harriet A., Apr. 23,i82i;d. May 4,1822. 

Adeline, Apr. 3, 1817. Amos Stebbins, Aug. 26,1825. 

47, Warren, s. of Amos (31), b. 1793; sett, in Shel.; d. Mar. 30, 
1882, He m. Sept. 17, 1818, Annie Miller; she d. Nov. 29, 1880, a. 


Ch.:\ Martha Ann, Dec. 7, 1819; d. Lucretia, July 2, 1824. 

Dec. I, 1820. Charles P., May 28, 1827; d. Dec. 28, 
Amos, Dec. 25, 1S21; m. Elizabeth Dar- 1855. 

ling of Amh. Jarvis L., Jan. 2, 1832. 

48, Carlos, s. of Eliel {^z)-, b. 1805; lived in Mont., Richmond, 
Va. and Chicopee, where he d. Dec. 22, 1877. He m. Apr. 8, 1833, 
Martha, dau. Jona. Hartwell of Mont.; she d. Dec. 10, 1855. 

Ch.: Mary Elizabeth, Sept. 15, 1837, in Virginia, Jan. 18, 1843, at Richmond; 
Mont.; m. Oct. 18, 1866, Albert S. m. Oct. 27, 1870, Chas. M. Blaisdell 

Alden. of Chicopee; d. Feb. 6, 1883. 

49, JosiAH, s. of Eliel {zi)^ b. 1814; lives on father's homestead. 
He m. May 9, 1853, Mary, dau. Dennis Stebbins. 

Ch.: Fanny Stebbins, Aug. 10, 1854. Mary Electa, May 14, 1858. 

Edward Eliel, Nov. 23, 1855. Caleb, Dec. 29, 1861. 

50, Charles, s. of Asaph (34), b. 1822. He m. Miranda Wil- 
liams. She m. (2) Simeon Keys of Con. 

67;. .f George Edward. John Hutchinson. 

Frances Elizabeth. 

51, William, s. of Asaph (34), b. 1825. He m. Nancy E. Wil- 
coxson of Durand, 111. 

Ch.:\ Edward Jefferson, Sept. 11,1869, Josie Jay, 1875. 
William Jerome, Apr. 11, 1872. Ethan Jay, 1877. 

52, Edward, s. of Asaph (34), b. 1832. He m. Emily Wilcox- 
son of Durand, III. 

Ch.: Agnes Amelia, Sept. 2, 1868? 

53, Samuel Clesson, s. of Samuel C. (42), b. 1793; farmer; Rep. of 
Nfd; for many years in the legislature; rem. to East Boston, where 
he was postmaster at his death, Apr. 7, i860. He m. Elizabeth Hos- 
ley; (2) Submit (Field) wid. Capt. Elisha Hunt; she d. Mar. 5, 1866. 

(.7^.■ James B., July 5. 1824; in N. York Sarah Elizabeth, bap. Jan. 1S37; d. 
City; m. Angle N. Sturtevant; d. June 29, 1841. 

Dec. 23, 1853. 

54, Joseph Priestly, s. of Samuel C. (42), b. 1795; grad. D. C. 


1 814; lawyer, practiced in Hinsdale, and Charlemont, N. H.; d. at 
Troy, N. Y., July 21, 1838. He ni. Harriet Newcomb of Ber. ; she 
d. Aug. 4, 1833, a. 35. 

Ch.: Joseph P., abt. 1820; d. May 30, Harriet L., 1S25; d. Jan. 9, 1S46. 

1846. Mary Hunt, July 16, 1829; m. Alfred 

Sarah Newcomb, 1822; m. 1S43, Alfred R. Field; d. May 3, 1859. 

R. Field; d. May 6, 1851. 

55. Zerulon, s. of Samuel C. (42), b. 1802; d. Dec. 18, 1S66. 
He ni. May 20, 1838, Martha, dau. Luther Holtun. 

Ch.: Florence II., June 28, 1S39; m. 

Nov. 2, 1864, Capt. Ellet P. Perkins. Moses Allen and Henry Allen of Green- 
Frederick Z., Dec. 3, 1841 ; m. July 30, field were in service in 1775 under 

1874, Lelia M. Hicks. Capt. Ayrippa Wells; they were 

Martha E., June 18, 184S; m. May 17. probably of this family but have not 

1S71, Clement I). Karthe. been identified. 

1, ALLKN, James; came to Dedhain 1639; a first settler in Med- 
field, 1649; he was cousin of Rev. John Allen of Dedham, one of 
the original owners of the 8000-acre grant. He m. Ann, who came 
from England with him; she d. Sept. 27, 1673. 

Ch.:\ John, Dec. 4, 1639, d.s. p. abt. 1696. James, ; m. Lydia Adams. 

Mary, Dec. 11, 1641; m. June 25, 1663, William. 

Joseph Clark, Medfield. Joseph, June 24. 1652 (2). 

Martha, ; m. Dec. 22, 1663, William Nathaniel, ; m. 1673, Mary Friz- 

Sabine of Seekonk. well, prob. dau. James of Ro.xbury. 

Sarah, May 4, 1644; m. i666, Dcjmingo Benjamin, ; prob. sol. under Capt. 

White. Moseley in Philip's War. 

2, Joseph, s. of James (i), b. 1652; sett, in Rehoboth; d. bef. 
1725. He m. Nov. 10, 1673, Hannah Sabine of Seekonk. 

Ch.:\ Joseph, Dec. 19, 1676. Jeremiah, 1690. 

Hannah, 1679. Hezekiah, 1692 (3). 

Daniel, 1681. Abigail, 1694. 

Noah, April 21, 1685; m. Sarah, dau. Nehemiah, bap. May 2i, 1699. 

Jona. Gay of Dedham. Thankful. 

Eleizer, 1688. Mary. 

3, Hezekiah, s. of Joseph (2), b. 1692; carpenter in Weston and 
Dover. He m. Mary — . 

C'//..-f Hezekiah, bap. Sept. 27, 1724 (4). Mar)', bap. Oct. i, 1727. 

4, Hezekiah, s. of Hezekiah (3), b. 1724. He m. 1743, — Kings- 
man of Needham; (2) Mary Peters. 

Ch.:\ Timothy, Rachel, Jemima. Hitta, d. in infancy. 

Calla, Jan. 11, 1757; m. Isaiah Smith Calvin, Mar. i, 1770: m. Abigail Rich- 

of Medfield. ards. 

Zilla, Sept. 4, 1760; d. unm. Polly, \ Mar. 11, I773;d. young. 

Hezekiah Peters, May 3, 1762; m. — Patty, j " " m. Moses Fisher. 

Thomas. Morril, Apr. 3, 1776; Unitarian minister 
Perez. Feb. 7, 1764; m. Hiity Richards. at Pembroke; m. May 14, 1801, Han- 
William Pitt, Oct. 21, 1766 (5). nah Dean; d. Aug. 17, 1870. 

5, William V., s. of Hezekiah (4), b. 1766. He m. Keziah 

ALLEN. 21 

Ch.: Reuben, Sept. 13, 1789; m. Mary ney; (2) Esther Townsend. 

B- Shed. ' Amos, Oct. 18, 1709; m. Adeline Good- 

Willard, d. in infancy. nough of Natick. 

Willard, Aug. 5, I793 (6). Mary, Mar. 14, 1802; m. Capt. Brett; 

Martha.Jan. 3, 1796; m. Ralph Battelle. (2) Dea. Capen of Canton. 
Ira, July 11, 1797; m. Pamelia VVhit- 

6, Willard, s. of William P. (5), b. 1793; farmer and pump- 
maker at Pine Nook; d. Jan. 30, 1865. He m. Apr. 22, 1818, Eliz- 
abeth Field, dau. Edward Nettleton of Nfd., wid. of David Wright 
of Mont.; she d. Feb. 19, 187 1, a. 76. 

Ch.: Willard Mason, Apr. 2, 1819; d. 22, 1863. 

May II, 1857. Elijah Crane. Sept. 20, 1827; m. Sept. 
Martha M., Feb. 23, 1821; m. Jan. 7, 20, 1864, Victoria A. Morgan. 

1846, H. O. Rockwell. Elizabeth, Aug. 7, 1831; m. June 5, 
Amos Morril, Mar. 31, 1823. 1861, Henry Hale. 

George Netdeton, July 7, 1825; d. Aug. William Pitt, Mar. 10, 1835(7). 

7, William P., s. of Willard (6), b. 1835; carpenter and joiner, 
Pine Nook. He m. May 22, 1864, Anna A. Morgan. 

Ch.: William Arthur, July 15, 1865. Mary Elizabeth, Jan. 24, 1870. 

Charles Clare, Dec. 13 1866. Fred Grant, Mar. 5, 1872. 

ALLEN, Nathan, 1783-99. 

ALLEN, Robert, tailor, 1769-75. 

ALLEN, Samuel. He m. Mary — ; she d. Dec. 1769. 
Ch.: Mary, Dec. i, 1769. 

1, ALLEN, Samuel, from Braintree, Essex county, England ; 
came to Cambridge in 1632; rem. to Wind. 1635; d. Apr., 1648, a. 
60. He m. Ann — ; she m. (2) William Hurlburt of Nhn., and d. 
Nov. 13, 1687. 

Ch.: f Samuel, 1634 (2). Obadiah; sett, in Middletown, Ct.; m. 

Nehemiah (3). Oct. 3, 1669, Elizabeth Sanford; (2) 

John (4). Mary, dau. John Savage, wid. John 

Rebecca, ; d. May 6, 1697. Whitmore; d. Apr. 7, 1723. 

Mary. Ann. 

2, Samuel, s. of Samuel (1), b. 1634; sett, in Nhn.; d. Oct. 18, 
17 19. He m. Nov. 29, 1659, Hannah, dau. of Thos. Woodford of 

Cli.: Hannah, Feb. 4, 1661; m. Dec. 2g, Samuel, July 6, 1675; m. Feb. 28, 1699, 

1696, Nathan Dumbleton of Nhn. Sarah, dau. Israel Rust. 

Thankful, Mar. 3, 1664. Ebenezer, July 21, 1678. 

Sarah, July 28, 1668. Thomas, Feb., 1681. 

Child, Feb. 24, 1670; d. young. Mindwell, Feb. 4, 1683; m. Thos. Hol- 

Joseph, Nov. 2, 1672; m. Sept. 27, 1695, ton of Nfd., who was k. by Indians, 

Elizabeth, dau. Micah Mudge. Aug. 23, 1724; she m. (2) after 1726, 

Chloe, 1674; d. Oct. 7, 1707, a. 33. David Chapin; she d. Oct. 21, 1758. 

3, Nehemiah, s. of Samuel (i); lived in Salisbury, Ct., and in 
Nhn., where he d. June 27, 1684. He m. Sept. 21, 1664, Sarah, dau. 


Thos. Woodford; she m. (2) Sept. i, 1687, Richard Burke; (3) July 
II, 1706, Juduh Wright; d. in Nhn., Mar. 31, 1713. 

('//..• Samuel, Jan. 3, 1665-6(5). Thomas, Jan. 17, 1675; d. the next year. 

Nehemiah, Oct. 18, 1667; d. soon. Hannah, bap. May 6, 1677. 

Nehemiah.Nov. 6, 1669; m. 1710, Ruth, Ruth, Jan. or June 4, 1680; m. Dec. 16, 

(iau. David Hurt. 1702, Josiah Leonard. 

Sarah, Aug. 22, 1672; ni. 1694, Joseph Child, Aug. 12, 1683; d. soon. 

Strong of Nhn. Silence. Aug., 1684; d. bef. 1691. 

4, [oHN, s. of Samuel (i); one of the earliest sett, of l)fd; he was 
one of the teamsters in the train guarded by Capt. i^othrop and was 
k. with him at Bloody Brt)ok Sept. 18, 1675. He m. Dec. 16, 1669, 
Mary, dau. of A\'m. Hannum of Nhn. 

C/i.: John, Sept. 30, 1670(6). Hannah, bap. in Nhn. June 20, 1675. 

Samuel, Feb. 5, 1673 (7). 

5, Samuel, s. of Nehemiah (3), b. 1666, barber; in 1705 he bought 
the Dr. W'illard lot, which he sold to Sam'l Barnard in 1711; in 1713 
he sold the Quartus Hawks homestead in Wapping to Eleazer Hawks 
and soon after rem. to Coventry, Ct., and d. bef 1728. He m. Mercy, 
dau. Judah Wright; she d. in Litchfield, Ct., Feb. 5, 1728, a. 59. 

Ch.:\ Nehemiah, Sept. 21, 1693; b. at 27, 1706. 

Nhn.; d. young. Hester, ; d. at Dfd. Dec. 18, 1707. 

Mercy, June 24, 1695. Joseph, Oct. 14, 1708, at Dfd. (8). 

Nehemiah, Sept. iq, 1697; prob. sett, in Daniel. 

Guilford, Ct. Ebenezer, Apr. 26, 1711, in Dfd. 

Mary, Oct. 22, 1699. Lydia, . 

Hester, Feb. 26, 1704; d. at Dfd. Nov. Lucy, . 

6, John, s. of John (4), b. 1670; rem. to Enfield, Ct., 1690; d. 
Nov. 3, 1739. He m. May 3, 1694, Bridget liooth; she d. Sept. 5, 
1714, a. 44; (2), Elizabeth (Gardner of Cardner's Island; she d. ?'eb. 

27, 1759- 

C/t.: Mary, Feb. 26, 1696; d. uiim, Aug. river, at Enfield, abt. 1721. 

16, 1778. Israel, Mar. 18, 1705; d. Mar. 24, 1712. 

Elizabeth, Apr. 21, 1698; m. Nov. 20, Patience, May 22, 1709; m. Be- 

1717, Sam'l Ellsworth of Wind. ment of Suff.; (2), Pease. 

Azariah, May 14, 1701; m. Dec. 3, 1727, Ebenezer, Feb. 10, 1711-12; m. Feb. 7, 

Martha Burt of Longmeadow. 1751. Rebecca, dau. Sam'l Hartlett. 
John, Sept. 13, 1703; drowned in Conn. 

7, Samuel, s. of John (4), b. 1673; rem. to Enfield abt. 1700; d. 
1735. He m. 1700, Hannah Burroughs, b. 1675. 

Ch.: Samuel, 1702; m. Jan. 27. 1728, Hannah, Noy. 30, 1706. 

Elizabeth, dau. Zecheriah Booth. John, 1712; m. Apr. 3, 1737. Elizabeth, 
Joseph, July 30, 1704; m. 1723, Mary dau. Sam'l Pease; sett, in Enfield. 

Hewlet; sett, at Wind. 

8, Joseph, s. of Samuel (5), b. 1708; of Litchfield, Ct., 1728; 
rem. to Cornwall abt. 1740 and d. there Apr. 4, 1755. He m. Mar. 
6, 1736-7, Mary, dau. John Baker; time and place of her death not 
ascertained; can find no confirmation of a tradition that she was 
buried at Nfd. 

ALLEN. 23 

Ch.: Ethan, Jan. lo, 1737-S; at Litch- Levi, Jan. t6, 1745 (12). 

field (9). Lucy, Apr. 2, 1747; m. Dr. Bebee of 

Heman, Oct. 15, 1740 (10). Sheffield. 

Lydia, Apr. 6, 1742. Zimri, Dec. 10, 174S; d. in Sheffield, 

Heber, Oct. 4, 1743 (11). Ira, Apr. 21, 1751 (13). 

9, Ethan, s. of Joseph (8), b. 1738; Brig. Gen. Vermont Militia; 
Lieut. Col. Continental Army; Delegate to Cont. Congress. A vol- 
ume would not contain the eventful history of this grandson of Deer- 
field: a few points only will be noted; he was the head of the Creen 
Mountain Boys in opposing the attempts of New York to take pos- 
session of the Hampshire Grants, and he often sent home her officers 
bearing the marks of the "Twigs of the wilderness," known as the 
"Birch Seal." On one occasion when the inhabitants of Guilford had 
been overawed by the Yorkers and were supposed to favor that side, 
Allen appeared there at the head of a party of Vermonters and made 
this characteristic proclamation: "1 Ethan Allen do declare that I 
will give no quarter to the man woman or child who shall oppose me, 
and unless the inhabitants of Guilford peacefully submit to the au- 
thority of Vermont 1 sware that 1 will lay it as desolate as Sodom 
and Gomorrah by God!" This was effectual to do the business in 
hand. The best known event of his life, as bearing the widest results, 
was the capture of Ticonderoga, May 10, 1775, "In the name of the 
Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress." Less fortunate in a 
rash attempt on Montreal he was himself taken prisoner and sent to 
England under conditions of great cruelty; while in England it is 
said an attempt was made to seduce him to the royal cause, and that 
in an interview with the king he was offered large grants of land in 
Vermont as a reward for his loyalty; his characteristic reply was to 
relate the parable of Christ's temptation when the devil offered him 
all the kingdoms of the earth, &c., adding, "and all the while the 
damned rascal didn't own a foot of it." He was exchanged in 1778 
and was a leading spirit in the political and military affairs of Ver- 
mont; he wrote and published many papers; his "Allen's Theology 
or the Oracles of Reason," is perhaps the most widely known; he 
was a large landholder in Western Vermont and lived in several 
towns; he died at Burlington, Feb. 12, 17 89, where a monument was 
erected to his memory by the State of Vermont. He m. June 23, 
1763, Mary, dau. Richard Bronson, of what is now Roxbury, Ct. ; she 
d. at Sunderland, Vt., 1783; was buried at Arlington; (2), Feb. 16, 
1784, Mrs. Frances Montuzan, wid. of Capt. Buchanen, step-dau. to 
Crean Bush, b. Apr. 4, 1760; (for a graphic account of this charac- 
teristic wedding see Hall's Eastern Vermont, p. 631.); she m. (3), 
Oct. 28, 1793, Hon. Jabez Penniman of Westminster, Vt. 

Ch.:\ Joseph E., abt. 1766; d. at Ar- Fanny, Nov. 13, 1784; well known as 

linjrton, 1777. the Gray Nun of Montreal. 

Lorain; d. bef. 1783. Ethan Voltaire, Feb. 3, 1786; grad. of 

Lucy Caroline, ; m. May 26, 1789, West Point, Capt. U. S. Army; m. 

Hon. Sam'l Hitchcock of Brimfield 1817, Mary, dau. John Bagnall; (2). 

and Burlington. Martha Washington Johnson; he d. 

Mary Ann, ; d. unm. at Burling- at Norfolk, Va. in 1856. 

ton abt. 1791. Hannibal, Nov. 24, 1787; grad. West 

Pamelia, ; m. Eleazer W. Keyes. Poim 1814; d. at Norfolk, 1817. 


10,, s. of Josci)li (8), b. 1740; went with his brothers to 
Western Vermont, where he was a speculator in hmil on a large scale 
and a prominent figure; was delegate from Rutland in the noted 
Westminster convention of 1777, which declared the Independence 

of Vermont; finally sett, in Salisbury. He m. , who m. (2) 

Woodhouse of Goshen, \'t. 

C/t.:\ Liicinda, ; m. Moses C;itliii of Rullatul, Vl. 

11, Hkijer, s. of Joseph (8), b. 1743; sett, in I'oultney, Vt. ; he and 
his brothers Heman, Ira and Levi were large land owners in Western 
Vermont; was a Maj. in the Revolution and was active in the polit- 
ical affairs of Vermont; d. m I'oultney; wife d. 1788. 

C/i.: f Heber, taught school in Geor- citizen of Chiltencien county, where 

gia, afterwards went West. he held many offices of trust and 

Sarah, ; m. Dr. Everts of Georgia. honor; a lawyer and U. -S. Minister 

Joseph. to Chili, 1S23-8; m. Elizabeth Hart 

Lucy, ; m. Orange Sniith; lived in of Saybrook; he d. at Highgale, Vt.. 

Swanton, Vt. Apr. g, 1852. 
Ilenian, Feb. 23, 1779; a distinguished 

12, I'KVi, s. of Joseph (8), b. 1745, in C'ornwall, ('t. ; like his 
brothers, prominent in western Vermont as a speculator and i)oliti- 
cian; was a Tory and rem. to Conn., where being detected in sup- 
plying provision to the British army on Long Island, he was impris- 
oned for six months in the jail at New London, and all his large es- 
tates in Vermont were confiscated; on his release he joined the Brit- 
ish army in South Carolina, and served through the war; he was in 
Canada, 1789-93; in England, 1793-6, when he came back to Ver- 
mont; he died ni Burlington, in i8or. He m. July 29, 1779, wid. 
Anne Allen of New Milford, Conn. 

13, Ira, s. of Joseph (8), b. 1751; Maj. Cen. of Vermont militia; 
was chief manager of the 300,000 acres on the Lake shore owned by 
himself and brothers; most of this eventually fell into his hands; he 
was active making improvements to attract settlers, by building new 
roads, mills, &c.; he projected the University of Vermont and gave 
;^4,ooo for an endowment. He was one of the foremost in the po- 
litical advancement of Vermont, and particularly in the skillful ne- 
gotiations with the British power in Canada, which induced the be- 
lief that Vermont would unite her fortunes to Canada, and w^hich 
saved the infant nation from invasion; he was finally captured by an 
English ship while bringing home a vessel with 24,000 muskets and 
24 brass cannon, which he had bought in France on a private specu- 
lation. The vessel and cargo were condemned as a prize because 
he had sailed from the port of an enemy; after eight years' litigation 
the decision was reversed, but the cost of the suit was his ruin; he 
died poor, an e.xile from his chosen state, for which he had done so 
much; he published many papers, the chief of which was his History 
of Vermont, issued at London, 1798; he d. at Philadelphia, Jan. 7, 
181 4. He m. Jerusha, dau. Maj. Gen. Roger Enos; she d. May 16, 
1838, a. 74. 

Ch.:\ Zimri Enos, 1792. Maria Juliette, 1794; d. at St. Albans, 

Ira H., 1793; sett, in Irasburg. Aug. 18, 1811. 



ALLEN, William, 


ALLIS, AzoK, 1788. 

1, ALLIS, John, prob. s. of Nathaniel, of Hat.; he rem. to 
East Cniilford, Ct., and thence to Oblong, N. Y., thence to Salisbury, 
Ct.; to Hat., 1764, and to Dfd., Apr., 1765; he died here, June, 1768. 
He m. Mary, per. dau. Jona. Morton of Hat., or by another account 
Mary Roberts. There is little certainly known abt. this family. I 
give what is found. 

C/i.:j[ Timothy, abt. 1749. 
Aaron, abt. 1750. 
Eber, abt. 1751 (2). 

John, abt. I753(3)- 
Russell, Apr. 2, 1756 (4). 

2, Eber, s. of John (1), b. abt. 1751; sett, at Bloody Brook bef. 
1768. He m. 1768, Sarah Mann of Sund., who d. Oct. 30, 1782, a. 
35; (2), Mar. 6, 1783, Sarah Cooley. 

C/i.: Electa, Mar. 21, 1770; m. Reuben 

Daniel, Dec. 27, 1772; d. Oct. 22, 1773. 
Sarah, Feb. 28, 1775; m. Jan. 21, 1796, 

Caleb Stockbridge of Hat. 

Daniel, Aug. 4, 1777; d. Aug. 31, 1778. 
Lucy, Aug. 9, 1779; d. 1790. 
John, June 15, 1782; d. Dec. 22, 1782. 
John B., June 12, 1784; d. June 24, 1784. 
Son, Aug. 2, 1787; d. same day. 

3, John, s. of John (i), b. abt. 1753; was in Hat. 1768-74, then 
rem. to Bolton, Ct.; left Stafford, Ct. for Monson, 1777; came to 
I3fd. 1779; enlisted into the Continental line, Aug., 1781, and served 
through the war; d. Aug., 1790. He m. 1775, Dolly West of Bol- 
ton, Ct. ; she m. (2), Aug. 4, 1791, Geo. Roberts; she d. at Great 
River, Oct. 23, 1828, a. 77. 

€//.:]■ Daniel, abt. 1780; lived in Con- 
way till i8or, when he rem. to Sem- 
porius, N. Y. ; came back i8ig, a 

charge to the town, being helpless 
from palsy. 

4, RussKLL, s. of John (i), b. 1756; sett, in ^Vhat. ; d. Mar. 6, 
1835. He m. al)t. 1775, Sarah, dau. Jona. Edson; she d. Jan. 9, 1832, 
a. 75- 

C/i.: Roxa, Feb. 24, 1776; m. Feb. 23, 

1795, Lemuel Wait. 
Sarah, Apr. 19, 1778; m. Feb. 2, 1798, 

David Stockbridge. 
Lara, Feb. 29, 17S0; m. July 17, 1800, 

Joseph Smith, Jr. 

Demis, Dec. 31, 1782; m. Jan. 13, 1803. 
Zebina Bartlett. 

Annis, Feb. 18, 1784; m. Thos. Marsh. 

Polly, Apr. 17S6; m. Jan. 5, 1809, Ches- 
ter Belding. 

\, ALLIS, William, Lieut., one of the first sett, of Hat., 1661; 

d. Sept. 6, 1678. He m. Mary , who d. Aug. 10, 1677; (2), June 

25, 1678, Mary, dau. John Bronson, wid. of John (rravesof Haddam, 
Ct. ; she m. (3), Mar. 16, 1681, Sam'l Gaylord, Sen. 

(71.: John, Mar. 5, 1642 (2). 
Samuel, Feb. 24, 1647 (3). 

Josiah, ; buried Oct. 3, 1651. 

josiah, Oct. 20, 1651. 

William, Jan. 10, 1653; d. 1654. 

William, Jan. 10, 1656: k. in the Falls 

fight, May 19, 1675. 
Hannah, ; m. June 28, 1670, Wm. 

Mary, — ; d. unm. Jan. 25, 1690. 



2, John, s. (^f William (i), b. 1642; millwright and carpenter; 
contracted to build our first corn mill at Mill River, 1690; he d. Jan., 
1691, bef. it was finished. He m. Dec. 14, 1669, Mary, dau. Thos. 
Meekins, wid. of Xath'l Clark of Nhn.; she m. (3), abt. 1691, Sam'l 

('//..• [oscph, Nov. 14, 1670(4). 
Abigail, Feb. 25, 1672; m. Ian. 23, 1696, 

Ki)h. Wells. 
I iamiah, Oct. 9, 1673; m. .Sam'l Hutlor. 
Ichabod, July 10, 1675 (5). 
Eleazer, July 23. 1677; m. Apr. 30, 1O93, 

Jeiniina, dau. John Graves of Hat. 
Elizabeth, .Apr. 4,1679; m. July 13,1704, 

James Hridj^maii, who was one of the 

rcscuin<j paity comint; here from 

below, Feb. 29, 1704. 

Lydia, Aug. 15, 1680; d. Aug. 31, 1691. 

John, May 10, 16S2; Capt. of one of the 
companies raised by Gov. Andross, 
16S7-S; m. Jan. 29, 170S, Mary Law- 
rence; (2), Bethia Field. 

Rebecca, Apr. 16, 16S3; m. Apr. 30, 
1702, Nathaniel Graves of Hat. 

William, May 16, 16S4. 

Mary, Aug. 25, 1687; d. Apr. 20, 1688. 

Nathaniel, ; m. abt. I7<i5, Mercy 

Dudley and rem. to E. Guilford, Ct. 

3, S.AMUKi., s. of William (1), b. 1647; d. in the great siikness, 
Mar. 9, 169 1. He m. Alice, who m. (2), Sergt. John Hawks and 
was k. 1704. 

Ch.: Mehitable, July 2, 1677; m. Dec. 

13, 1698, Renoiii Moore of Dfti. 
Samuel, Feb. 20, 1679; k. 1704. 
William, Oct. 19, 1680; m. Elizabeth 

Mary,July6, 16S2; m. Nathan'l Brooks 

of Dfd; cap. 1704; k. on the march to 
Canada. [See Redeemed (.'aptive.J 

Thomas, Mar. 12, 16S4; sett, in (iuil- 
ford, (^t. 

Sarah, abt. 1685. 

Rebecca, Nov. 29, 16S7. 

4, JosKi'H, s. of John (2), b. 1670; Hat.; was cap. and k. by In- 
dians, June 19, 1724. (See ante, p. 41S.) He m. Naomi — — . 

Ch.: Daniel, .\\^x. 11, 1703; drowned 
near the mill. May 20, 1719. 

Mary, — ; m. Sept. 26. 1723, John Smead 
of Dfd. 

Thankful, Mar. 11, 1711; m. Jonathan 

Holmes of Dfd. 
Experience, Mar. 11, 1711; m. Noah 

Ferry of South Hadley. 

5, IcHAHOi), s. of John (2), b. 1675; d. July 9, 1747. He m. abt. 
1698, Mary, dau. Sam'l Belding; she d. Sept. 9, 1724, a. 45; (2), Nov. 
25, 1726, Sarah, dau. Benj. Wait, wid. of John Belding. 

Cli.: Abigail, P'eb. 28, 1700; m. Nath'l Sarah, Jan. 11, 1708; m. Nov. 14, 1734, 

Smith. Joseph Miller. 

Lydia, Jan. 7, 1702; m. Jan. 13, 1736, Bathsheba, Jan. 12, i7io;m. i 734, Jona. 

Daniel Dickinson. Warner. 

Martha, Nov. 19, 1703; m. Ham- Abel, July 21, 1714; m. Dec. 14, 1735, 

mond of Hardwick: (2), Nathciniel Miriam, dau. Joseph Scott. 

Kellogg of Had. Elisha, Dec. 3, 1716(7). 
Samuel, Dec. 12, 1705 (6). 

5, S.\MUEL, s. of Ichabod (5), b. 1705; grad. II. C. 1724; minister 
of Somers, Ct., 1724-47; d. 1796. Hem. Nov. 4, 1729, Hannah, dau. 
John Sheldon of Dfd.; she d. July 22, 1779 a. 71. 

Ch.: t Julius, Sept. 18, 1732 (8). 
John and Jabez, Nov. 12, 1734. 
Samuel, abt. i735- 
Lucius, May 19, 1737 (9). 
Chloe, Nov. 4, 1739. 

Abe!, Jan. 9. 1742; d. Oct. 3, 1744. 
Abel, Oct. 22, 1745 (10). 
Lemuel, June 22, 1747. 
John, who m Sept. 13, 1764, Sarah, 
dau. Nathan'l Burt of Longmeadow. 

ALLIS. 27 

7, Elisha, s. of Ichabod (5), b. 1716; Hat., Somers 1751; d. abt. 
1779. He m. Dec. 10, 1744, Anna, dau. John Marsh of Had.; (2) 
Sarah, wid. of Thos. Cutler of Warren; their curious marriage con- 
tract — too long to insert — was signed Jan. 14, 1765. 

Ch.: f Elisha, ; m. Mary (Dickin- Sam'l Partridge of Hat. 

son) Ingram; rem. to Brookfield. Abel, ; m. Sept. 30, 1779, —Allen 

Anna, ; m. Dr. Pomroy, a surgeon of Bennington ? or Chapin ? or Ba- 
in the Eng. army; at Montreal 17S8. ker? or Mansfield ? authorities difTer- 

Electa. ; d. in infancy. ing— take your choice. 

Josiah, 1754; Col.; m. Mar. i, 1774, William, ; m. .Sophia Smith; they 

Anna, dau. Elisha Hubbard. [See His- were the parents of Sarah, b. 1787, 

tory of VVhately.] vvho m. Quartus Hawks of Dfd. 

John, Jan. 18, 1756; m. Esther, dau. 

8, Julius, s. of Samuel (6), b. 1732; of Dfd. 1751; res. at Mill 
River; in 1782 the town voted that his farm might be set off to Con.; 
d. at Sullivan, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1817. He m. Nov. 14, 1755, Han- 
nah, dau. Obadiah Dickinson of Hat.; she d. Sept. 3, 1814, a. 79. 

Ch.: Mary, Oct. 4, 1756. Joel. Feb. 12, I769;m. Sara Lee of Con. 

Timothy, July 12,1759; Rev. sol.; d. Jan. 4, 1797; (2) Sept. 4, 1799, Nancy 

Oct. 6, 1776. Tampling of Ash. 

Lydia, luly 25, 1761; m. Elijah May of Submit, Sept. 22. 1772; m. Eliphas 

Conn. Hickok. 

Hannah. Nov. 9, 1765; m. Nov. 6, 17S4, Rachel, Oct. 11, 1775; d. Apr. 23, 1815. 

Jona. Smith of What. Martha, Apr. 30, 1777; d. Apr. 19. 1803. 
Sylvia, Nov. 3, 1767; m. Joseph Frost. 

9, Lucius, s. of Samuel (6), b. 1737; Capt, ; sett, in What. 1761; 
rem. to Con. 1764. He m. Dec. 10, 1761, Jemima Bliss, who d. June 
10, 1764; (2) Aug. 14, 1765, Mary, dau. Thos. Wells, Dfd.; she d. 
July 2, 1776: (3) June 16, 1777, Mehitable Graves, who d. July 31, 
1800; (4) May 25, 1801, Lois Graves. 

Ch.: Zelinda, Jan. 7, 1763; m. Aug. 10, 1794, Anna B. Dickinson. 

1786, Isaac Wing. Sarah, Apr. 15, 1771. 

Child, b. and d. June 3, 1764. Thomas Wells, Aug. 16, 1772. 

Samuel, June 20, 1767. Elijah, Dec. 5, 1773. 

Lucius, June 19. 1768. Child, Oct. 7, 1775. 

Solomon, Apr. 26, 1769; m. Mar. 14, John, Aug. 3, 1778. 

10, AiiEL, s. of Samuel (6), b. 1745; lived awhile in Hat.; came 
to Dfd. 1768; lived afterwards in Ash., Col. and Wilmington, Vt., 
where he d. 1810? (or in Conway, Feb. 3, 1804,); the Abel Allises 
are sadly mixed. He m. Sept. 5, 1769, Hannah, dau. James Porter 
of Hat.; (2) Lydia, who d. Apr. 15, 1806, a. 64. 

67/.. f Gratia, ; m. John Sherman Henry, ; m. Dolly Bacon; sett, in 

of Con. Con.; had 12 ch, 1806-1831. 
Phebe, (dau. of Lydia)Oct. 19, 1772. Eunice, Apr. 3, 1778; m. Elisha De- 
John Belden (11). Wolf. 
Silas, abt. 1775 (12). Lucinda, Mar. 27, 1780; m. Mar. 21, 

Elijah, ; sett, in Wilmington. 179S, Reuben Waite of What. 

Pliny, ; shot himself by accident. 

11, John B., s. of Abel (10), b. abt. 1773; d. Feb. 2, 1861, a. 88; 
he was brought up by his uncle, Dea. John Belding, and was called 


"Belding AUis. " lie ni. Jan. i, 1800, 1-ucy, dau. Klisha DeWulf; 
she d. Feb. 5, 1849, a. 74. 

Ch.:\ Harriet, ; m. Mar. 22,1827, East, Dec. 11, 1S76. 

Wm. Johnson of Vernon, Vt. Jane, Aug. 3, 1S18; m. James W. 

John, abt. iSio (13). Sprague of Huckland. 

Mary, Aug. 22, 1814; m. Ralph Arms An imperfect list of the children. 

of Canada; d. at Granby, Canada, 

12, Silas, s. of Abel (10), b. abt. 1775; rem. fr. Col. to Groton, 
N. Y., where he d. abt. 1852, a. 77. lie m. C-harlotte Hawley of 
Anih, ; she d. abt. 1850, a. 73. 

Ch.:\ Pliny, June 10, 1797 (4). N. Y. 

Clarissa, May, I799;m. Josiah Warfield Charlotte, ; m. Robert Wiley of 

of Heath. Andover, N. Y. 

Sally, ; m. Elisha Eldridge of Gro- Lucy, ; m. Leroy Davis of Ando- 

ton. ver, N. Y. 

Betsey, ; d. at 8 years. Augusta, ; m. Albert Scribner of 

Miriam, — ;m.Nath'l Newell?of Heath. Andover, N. Y. 
Silas, — ; m. — Sweet; sett, in Alinond, 

13, John, s. of John B. (11), b. 1810; Wisdom; d. Sept. 10, 1868, 
a. 58. He m. Candace Wolcott. 

C/t.: William, July 5. 1841. Philip W., July 21, 1S4S. 

Sarah, Aug. 27, 1844. 

14, Pmny, s. of Silas (12), b. 1797; sett, in Wisdom; abt. 1S30; 
d. 1 87-. He m. (pub. Nov. i, 1822,) Sophronia, dau. Miner Frink; 
she d. Mar. 31, 1870, a. 69; (2) Aug. 10, 1872, wid. Mary Smith of 
New Haven. 

Ch.: A'lbert, Sept. 14, 1823: d. unm. Lucinda, May 10, 1827, in Andover, 

Aug. 8, 1848. N. Y.; m. Simeon Peck. 

Charles, Feb. 16, 1825, in Heath; m. Eliza, Nov. 7, 1829. in Andover, N. Y.; 

Nov. 19, 1855, Melissa E., dau. Geo. m. Michael Taintor. 

Harris. Martha, Oct. 13, 1S31; m. Alonzo May. 

AIJJSON, Lawrence, of Wind. 1643; d. bef. 1704; wid. name 
unk. living at Ufd. Feb. 1704, a. 84. 

Ck.:\ Richard. John, ; of Dfd. 1698; d. Jan. 20, 

Thomas, ; of Dfd. 1686; shoemaker 1722 3; m. Aug. 4, 1698. Mary, dau. 

and trader; constable 1693; lived at Geo. Jefferies of \Vind. and .Suff. ;she 

Wapping i7io;sold to John Williams d. Dec. 31, 1730. a. 61; they had no 

a home lot where stands Philo ch. in 1704; he was employed in 1712 

Munn's shop; was taken care of by to sweep the meetinghouse, 
the town in his old age. 

AMIDON, Eli!Ert, s. of Solomon and Betsey (Davidson), b. Jan. 

25, i8i2;rem, from Rowe to Dfd.;[d. Dec. 1893.] He m. Nov., 1841, 
Emerine L. Wilson of Heath; she d. Jan. 31, 1844; (2) Mar. 4, 1846, 
Martha, dau. Noah Wells of Rowe; she d. May 10, 1866; (3) May 

26, 1868, Elizabeth, dau. John Wilson. 

C/i..' Emerine L.. Jan. 10, 1843; m. Feb. Margaret, Apr. 2, 1850; m. E. C. Se- 

20, 1864, David Henry. guin. Sept. 17, 1873; d. Oct. 31, 1882. 

Jeneatte, Nov. 25, 1848; d. Nov. 27, Royal Wells, Aug. 7. 1853; m. Emma 

1878. D. F. Field, Nov. 25, 1885. 


AMSDEN, Abner, b. 1790; [often Amsdell, sometimes Amsdale, 
Amsdill, EmbsdenJ; wife Susanna. 

C/i.:\ Abigail, Lydia and Robert. 

1, AMSDEN, John, of Cambridge; rem. to Hat., where he d. 
May 29, 1696, leaving an estate of ^4, 12 s, 5 d, and debts ^57, 7 s. 
He m. Elizabeth, who d. Aug. 13, 1689. 

Ck.:\ John, Nov. 24, 1686(2). Isaac, ; d. Aug. 8, 1692. 

2, John, s. of John (i), b. 1686; trumpeter m the troop, wound- 
ed by Indians; in 17 15 he bought one hundred acres at the Bars of 
Peter Evans for ^72; this was the place of residence of the family 
for one hundred and fifty years; he was drowned at Cheapside July 
3, 1742. He m. Mar. 23, 1720, Mary, dau. Sam'l Cowles of Hat.; 
she d. Jan. 27, 1757, a. 58. 

Ch.: John, Feb. 16, 1721 (3). at the Bars fight. 

Isaac, Sept. 27, 1722; sol. at Louisburg, Eunice, ; d. Feb. 16, 1737. 

1745; sett, in Con. abt. 1770; m. May Elisha, Oct. 3, 1733 (4). 

3, 1770, Hannah, dau. John Catlin, Mary, Sept. 15, 1735; m. Aaron Phelps 
Rev. sol. 1777. of Belchertown. 

Elizabeth, Sept. 27, 1724; weaver, had Simeon, July 24, 1737; k. with Oliver. 

shop in Hitchcock Lane 1762-7. Eunice, July 31, 1739; m. June 7, 1763, 

Violet, Sept. 14, 1726; m. Jona. Bard- Joseph Chamberlain of Sund. 

well. Asahel, June, 1741; of Ash. 1760, of 

Oliver, Aug. 13, 1728; k. Aug. 26, 1746, Dfd. 1765-7. 

3, John, s. of John (2), b. 1721 ; Capt., lived at the Bars; d. Oct. 
10, 1794. He m. Lydia, dau. Jona. Field of Sund. and wid. of Thos. 
Chapin, prob. of Belchertown; she was received by the chh. here on 
a rec. fr. the chh. at Cold Spring in 1762; she d. Mar. 4, 1814, a. 83. 

Ch.:\ Mary, Aug. 11, 1762; m. Feb. 5, Salmon White of What. 

1794, John DeWolf. Elizabeth, Feb. 17, 1768; m. Feb. 23, 

Thomas. 1798, Sayward Phelps of Nhn. 

Lydia, July 18, 1766; m. May 24, 1786, John, Jan. 23, 1770 (5). 

4, Elisha, s. of John (2), b. 1733; Capt.; sett, in Con. He m. 
Sarah , per. Billings, dau. Jona. and Mary of Sund. 

Ch.: Elisha, Jan. 18, 1767. ^ Lydia, Oct. 1775. 
Dau., Apr. 22, 1768. Amos, Apr. 23, 1778. 

John, July 13, 1769. Samuel, June 30, 1780. 

Samuel, [une 30, 1771; d. young. Zilpha, Mar. 3, 178-. 

Sarah, Apr. 25, 1773. Rufus, Aug. 22, 178-. 

5, John, s. of John (3), b. 1770; Dea. ; lived at the Bars; d. Dec. 
24, 1853. He m. (pub. Jan. 6, 1798), Sarah (rraves of Palmer; she 
d. Sept. 25, 1855, a. 79. 

Ch.: Mary Pamelia, Dec. 30, iSoo; m. Sally Maria, Sept. 4, 1S04: m. Dec. 14, 

Nov. 28, 1819, Edwin Clark of Nhn.; 1831, John Clary of Con. 

she d. Apr. 9. 1821; her funeral ser- Harriet, Dec. 22. 1806; m. Oct. 8, 1828, 

mon was printed. Isaac Clark, Jr., of Nhn. 

Erastus, July 4, 1802; d. July 16, 1804, Alma, Feb. S, 1809; m. Nov. 18, 1829, 

in the great epidemic dysentery. Apollos Clary. 

AMSDEN, Oliver, taxed 1793. 


ANDERSON, John, b. 1721; came here from Lunenburg, Aug. 
28, 1767; his wife's name was Jane; he was taxed here in 1768; he 
may, or may not, be the Joiin who was "seated" in 1785 and d. 1790. 

ANDERSON, Joseph, fr. Shel. ; Preceptor Dftl. Academy and of 
New Salem 1831. He m. Mary, dau. Augustus Lyman. 

Ch.: Mary Lyman, Aug. i, 1S31; d. at Dfd. a. S weeks. 

ANDERSON, Thomas; taxed 1768. He m. Mary . 

Ch.:\ William, bap. 1751; and per. David. 

1, ANDERSON, ^\'lLI.lAM; l)y family tradition he was from Dum- 
fermHne, Scotland, and came over with Oen. Abercrombie in 1758; 
served under Gen. Amherst at the cap. of "Old Ti," 1759; sett. abt. 
1764 on the Old Anderson place at Bloody Brook; d. Jan. 1810. He 
m. Abigail Hitchcock of Brimtield. 

L'li.:\ William, bap. Sept. 4, 1768; d. 1792, Lemuel Arms. 

young. Fanny, bap. Oct. 6, 1774; d. young. 

Solomon, bap. Sept. 4, 1768 (2). William, bap. Dec. 29, 1776(4). 

John, bap. Mar. 18, 1770(3). Fanny, bap. Feb. 3, 1779; "i- Sept. 2, 
Sarah, bap. July 26, 1772; m. June ir, I795. Roswell Russell. 

2, Solomon, s. of William (i), b. 1768; Bloody Brook; d. Feb. 
17, 1843. He m. 1786, Esther Hadassah, dau. Azariah Cooley; she 
d. Mar. 21, 1809, a. 42; (2) Mar. 24, 18 10, wid. Elizabeth (Merrill) 
Brigham; she d. Apr. 11, 1864, a. 86. 

Ch.: Henry, May 31, 17S7; m. Naomi, Abigail, June S, 1804; m. Dec. 15,1822, 

dau. Solomon Graves of What. rem. Ebenezer Clapp. 

to Spfd. Elizabeth, May 21, iSii; m. May 16, 
Foster, Feb. 6, 1789; went West. 1830, Dennis Cooley. 

Dau., Jan. 7, 1795; lived but 4 hours. Esther Cooley, Oct. 8, 1812; m. Mar. 
Dexter, Apr. 30, 1796; d. Aug. 5, 1797. 20, 1836, Franklin Bartletl. 

Dexter, May 28, 1798; sett, in Keene. Judith Merrill, July 11,1816; m. Steph- 
Harriet, May 8, 1800; m. John Gill. en Hunt. 

Herrick, Apr. 16, 1S02; m. Clarissa Maria Ann, July 28, 1718. 

Graves or Harriet Bisbee; sett, in Charles Brigham, May 30, 1821 (5). 


3, John, s.- of William (i), b. 1770; weaver at Bloody Jirook; d. 
Feb. 23, 1862. He m. Polly Trowbridge of Amh. ; she d. Jan. 23, 
1853, '1- 79- 

C//..- John, July 20, 1793; d. Oct. 7,1795. Russell Smith. 

John, Mar. 3, 1796; m. Jane ; went Susan, Aug. 8, 1S08; m. John Ilazelton. 

South. Emily, Mch. 29, 1811; m. (pub. Apr. 6, 

Sally, Oct. I, 1798; m. Henry Spear of 1S33,) G. W. Munson of Gfd. 

Thomaston, Me. David Trowbridge, Mar. 29, 1811; d. 

Mary, Sept. 2, 1801; d. Sept. 23, 1804. Apr. 8, 1811. 

David Trowbridge, Mar. 7, 1804; d. Maria, July 20, 1813; d. Jan. 3, 1831. 

Oct. 7, 1S04. William, Mar. 11, 1816(6). 

Mary, Aug. 22, 1805; m. Nov. 24, 1825, Son, b. and d. Nov. 3, 1818. 

4, William, s. of William (i), b. 1776, .sett, at Bloody Brook; d. 
Feb. 13, 1828. He m. Oct. 11, 1800, Joanna Clark of Con.; she d. 
Apr. 24, 1822, a. 47; (2) (pub. Dec. 20, 1822), wid. Anna Wilson of 



Ch.: Roland, Sept. 25, 1801 (7). son. 

Eliza, Apr. 23, 1804; d. Sept. i, 1805. Jane, Sept. 16, iSog. 

Eliza, July ig, 1806; m. Hervey John- William Wilson, Sept. 18, 1827. 

5, Charles B., s. of Solomon (2), b. 182 1; at Bloody Brook; d. 
Mar. 1874. He m. Apr. 19, 1848, Tryphosa, dau. Rufus Clark, she 
d. Mar. 2, 1876, a. 50. 

Ch.: George R., June 28, 1850. Mary Aseneth, Sept. 9, 1858. 

6, William, s. of John (3), b. 1816; living at Bloody Brook. He 
m. May 26, 1839, Harriet S., dau. Ebenezer Dickinson of Ash. 

Ch.: Susan M., Jan. 6, 1851; m. Aug. i, 1S77, Elias C. Terry of Chicopee. 

7, Roland, s. of William (4), b. t8oi; at Bloody Brook; d. Jan. 
6, 1853. He m. Jan. 1833, Abigail, dau. Wm. Hawks. 

Ch.:\ Eliza, ; m. Everett Taft of Others d. in infancy. 


APPLEBEE, Michael, b. 1778. He m. 1782, Mary Taylor. 

1, ARMS, William, b. abt. 1654; first heard of as a sol under 
Capt. Turner at Had., Apr. 6, 1676; was in the Falls fight May 19, 
1676; at Hat. 1677, where he speculated largely in real estate; he 
also owned real estate in Hartford; he came to Dfd. abt. 1698, and 
sett, at the south end of the Street on "Arms Corner," now in the 
possession of his descendants Geo. A. and Richard C. Arms, for 
which he exchanged with Thos. Hunt a house and land in Hartford; 
he rem. to Sund. 17 13; came back in three or four years and d. Aug. 
25, 1731, a. 77. He m. Nov. 21, 1677, Joanna, dau. John Hawks of 
Had.; she d. Nov. 22, 1729, a. 76. 

Ch.: William, Feb. 14, i678; Hat., 
Sept. 18, i6go. 

John, Dec. 25, 1679 (2). 

Sarah, Nov. 21, 16S1; m. May 2, 1700, 
Zebediah Williams. 

Margaret, Oct. 6, 16S3; m. May 2, 1700, 
Wm. Belding. 

Hannah, 1685; m. abt. 1704, Joseph 
Clesson of Nhn. and Dfd. 

Daniel, Sept. 11, 1687 (3). 

Ebenezer, Aug 26, i68g; d. Sept. 25, 

William, Oct. 26, i6g2 (4). 

Elizabeth, 1695; m. Ebenezer Field, 
blacksmith, who rem. to Nfd., where, 
being mistaken for an Indian, he was 
shot by a sentinel; being brought to 
Did., he d. under the hands of the 
surgeon, Sept. 12, 1723. She m. (2) 
Jan. 27, 1726-7, Azariah Wright of 
Nfd.; it is said of her in the Hist, of 
Nfd. that "she was the first teacher 
in town of whom a record exists; in 
1721 she taught a class of young ch. 
at her own house, for 22 weeks of the 

warm season, and charged four pence 
each per week; she educated her own 
ch. well; her oldest dau., Joanna, was 
the noted school ma'am of the next 
generation. Mrs. Field was a woman 
of great energy and versatility; we 
get but two glimpses of her life, the 
" first when she is keeping school, mak- 
ing shirts for the Indians at 8 pence 
each, making breeches for Ensign 
Field, her husband's brother, atone 
shilling, sixpence per pr., besides 
managing her household with four 
young ch. ; we next see her, ten years 
later, as Mrs. Azariah Wright, vvith 
8 children, the youngest but a year 
old, and leisure to work at tailoring, 
as formerly; leisure to spin and 
weave tow cloth, to be exchanged 
with the traders for crockery and a 
few luxuries; to spin and weave a 
web of 26 yds. of linen sheeting for 
Sam'l -Smith, for which she receives 
24 shillings. Taking these as sam- 
ples of other years, her life was a use- 


ful. productive and beneficent one; sketch of her industrial life was 

she had in ail 14 ch., the youngest gleaned fr. old ace. books, now in 

twins." She d. Oct. i. 1772. In the Memorial Hall; one of her sons, Az- 

annals of our town little can be ariah Wright, was "the Ethan Allen 

learned of our foremothers, and Eliz- of Westminster," Vt., during the 

abeih Arms must stand as one of Hamjishire Grant troubles. (See 

their best representatives; the above Hall's Eastern V'ermont.) 

2, John, s. of William (i), b. 1679; he was in the Meadow fight, 
1704, and saw much service in the Indian wars; was wounded and 
cap. in an attack near Dfd. June 22, 1709 (ante, p. 372); from his 
wounds and liardships he was made a cripple and received a pension 
from the Colony during the latter years of his life; he d. Sept. 20, 
1753. He m. Nov. 27, 1712, Hannah, dau. Thos. Nash of Hat.; she 
d. Oct. 20, 175 I, a. 62. 

C/i.: Hannah, Sept. 2r, 1713; m. Nov. John Sheldon; she d. 1768. 

14. '735« Jnhh Hinsdale. John, Apr. 30, 1722 (5). 

Mercy, July 26, 1718; m. Ma-r. 12, 1735, 

3, Daniel, s. of William (1), b. 16S7; lived on cjld homestead; 
d. Sept. 28, 1753. Hem. Dec. 4, 17 16, Esther, dau. Ebenezer Smead; 
shed. Dec. 17, 1736, a. 40; (2) Sept. 21, 1737, wid. Mary (Hitchcock) 
Tavlor; she m. (3) Aug. 20, 1754, l^'.benezer Barnard; she d. lune 17, 
I 78 1, a. 86. 

Ch.: Submit, July 19, 1718, lived but Aaron, Nov. 6, 1725; d. Sept. 23, 1735. 

ten days. Martha, Feb. 3, 1728-9; m. June 27, 
Daniel, Dec. 10, 1719 (6). I743. C)thniel Taylor of Charl. 

Ebenezer, Jan. 9, 1720-21 (7). Abner, Apr. 3, 1731 (8). 

Moses, June 12. 1722; d. Nov. 13, 1731. Moses, July 2, 1733; d. (3ct. 5, 1733. 

Esther, Nov. 12, 1723; m. Mar. 15, 1742, Seth, Mar. 10, 1734; d. Dec. 8,1736. 

John Severance. Consider, Oct. 14, 1736(9). 

4, Wii.Li.A.M, s. of \Villiam (1), b. 1692; d. at liloody Brook, 
Sept. 27, 1774. He m. Oct. 28, 1720, Rebecca, dau. Thos. Nash of 
Hat.; they hved at the South End, on the other "Arms Corner," — 
the old Saxton place, — and she lost her life when their house was 
burned. May r2, 1768; the tradition is that she was buried under an 
avalanche of grain from the upper story, so that only her hands were 

Ch.: Rebecca, Mar. 21, 1722; m. Feb. Phineas.Oct. 4, 1731 ; k. at Charl., June 
28, 1744, David Childs; (2) Nath'l 1 1, 1755 (see ante. p. 635.). 

Phelps; d. Nov., 1793. David, Jan. 27, 1734-5 (13). 

William, June 24, 1724 (10). Jonathan," " " (14). 

Elijah, Apr. i, 1727 (11). Eliakim, May 9, 1737 (15). 

Thomas, June 22, 1729 (12). 

5, John, s. of John (2), b. 1722; major, 1766; sett, in Bratt. on 
the Fairbanks Moore farin; first P. M. of Bratt.; for a long time 
he kept a famous tavern, where Ethan Allen and the Green Moun- 
tain Boys often resorted; sheriff, 1756-69; k. by the kick of a horse, 
Mar. 6, 1770. He m. Dec, 1743, Susannah, dau. Col. Josiah Wil- 
lard; she d. Mar. 7, 1793, a. 73. 

Ch.: Willard, Sept. 6, 1744; d. June 20, Susanna. May 2, 1747; m. — Wiilard. 

1751. Josiah, Mar. 17, 1750 {lb). 

ARMS. 33 

Hannah, Apr. 24, I7f;3; m. Ebenezer Dickerman; d. June 17, 1813. 

Fox; d. June 13, 1S20. John Willard, May 6, 1759; d. s. p. 

Lucinda, Nov. 6, 1757; m. Dr. Lemuel Jan. 21, 17S3. 

6, Daniel, s. of Daniel (3), b. 1719; lived on the old homestead; 
d. May 7, 1784; funeral sermon by Mr. Emerson. He m. Oct. 18, 
1743, Mary, dau. John Stebbins; she d. Mar. 20, 1798, a. 77. 

O..- Submit, Dec. 30, 1744; d. Jan. Q, Thos. Mighills; (2) 1797, Elijah 

1745. Wilder. 

Daniel, Feb. 7, 1745-6; d. the next day. Experience, July 16, 1757; m. Dec. 29, 

Mary, Mar. 26, 1747; m. June 29, 1768, 1782, Peter Gates of Dtd. and Con. 

Simeon Harvey. Martha, Apr. 14, 1762; m. abt. 1785 

Aaron, Jan. 25, 1749 (17). Zur Hawks. 
Esther, June 25, 1754; m. Mar. 20, 1775, 

7, Ebenezer, s. of Daniel (3), b. 1721; Capt. ; sett, in Gfd.; d. 
June 13, 1788. He m. Jan. 25, 1747-8, Elizabeth, dau. Edward Al- 
len; she d. Mar. 16, 1775. 

Ch.: Mercy, Mar. 25, 1748; m. July 13, Elizabeth, Aug. 16, 1755; m. Nov. 5, 

1768, Ebenezer Wells. 1776, John Newton. 

Moses, Oct. 12, 1749(18). Ebenezer, Apr. 21, 1760(19). 

Ebenezer, Nov. 28, I75i;d. Sept. 8, 1758. Dorothy, Jan. 14, 1762; per. m. Benj. 

Irena, Sept. 12, 1753; per. m. John Smith of What. 

Smead, Sept. 28, 1783. Jesse, Aug. 2, 1771 (20). 

8, • Abner, s. of Daniel (3), b. T731 ; sett, in Gfd.; d. Jan. 16, 1793. 
He m. Tabitha, dau. Edward Allen; she d. Jan. 3, 1784, a. 52; (2) 
Oct. 26, 1786, Mary, (Miller) wid. of Battis Denio; she d. Nov. 7, 
1826, a. 77. 

Ch.: Seth, Feb. 7, I756;d. Sept. 14,1758. Tirza, July 25, 1768; one of the same 

Abner, Sept. 9, I757;d. Aug. 28, 1758. name m. abt. Feb. 15, 1806, Capt. 

Seth, Aug. 7, 1759 (21). Locke of Had. 

Tabitha, May 20, 1761 ; m. Dec. 27, 1787, Anna, June 24, 1770; m. Jan. 30, 1789. 

Reuben Ingram. John Wells of Bratt. 

Lydia, Mar. 30, 1763 (?); m. John Bush, John, Mar. 20, 1772; d. Aug. 30, 1777. 

May 16, 1782. Guy, Feb. 12, 1778; d. unm. in Albany 

Abner, Dec. 24, 1764; d. Aug. 24, 1777. or Troy. 

Solomon, Oct. i, 1766 (22). Esther, Dec. 8,1789; m. Abner Newton. 

9, Consider, s. of Daniel (3), b. 1736; sett, in Con., where he 
was a very large landholder; member of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion, 1788; d. June 19, 1792. He m. Dec. 11, 1765, Mercy, dau. John 
Catlin; she d. Feb. 12, 1822, a. 80. 

Ch.: Daniel, July 23, 1766; m. Aug. II, Enoch Bennet. 

1792, Luana Crosby; rem. toSodus, Mercy, Dec. i, 1776; d. unm. 1826. 

N. Y.; m. (2) Jan. 26, 1814, Nancy Christopher, Oct. 7, 1777 (25). 

Thompson. Louisa, June 17, I779;d. Aug. 30, 1782. 

Israel, Oct. 24, 1767; d. s. p. Sept. 25, Oliver, June 26, 1780; m. 1822, Sarah 

1795. Hale; (2) Nancy Williams; rem. to 

Henry, July 10, 1769 (23). N. Y. 

Sophia, Dec. i, 1770; m. Apr. 21, 1791, Abner, Aug. 16, 1781; m. 1812, Electa, 

David Ashley; rem. to Miss. dau. John Boyden. 

Dorothy, Oct. 31, 1772; m. Jan. 10,1792, Louisa. Dec. 18, 1783; m. Oct. 1808, 

Elisha Wright. Job Wrisley; rem. to Hebron, Ct. 

John, Feb. 20, 1774(24). Clarissa, Dec. 17, 1786; m. July 1812, 

Polly, Nov. 17, 1775; m. Feb. 10, 1799, Jona. Allen of Pittsfield. 


10, William, s. of William (4), b. 1724; lived at Wapping; d. May 
10, 1794. He in. Elizabeth, dau. Sam'l Belding of Hat.; she d. Feb. 
24, 1804, a. 81. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, July 18, 1750; d. unin. Daniel Chapin; rem. lo Newport, 

at Croyden, N. Y., Feb. 14, 1S15. N. H. 

Noah, Mar. 27, 1753: d. Sept. 25, 1756. Aseneth, July 24, 1764: m. Rev. Jacob 

Phineas, May i, 175^^; d. 1757. Haven, "Croydcii ; d. Dec. 5, 1S22. 

Phineas, May 8, 1759 (26). Huldah, Apr.28, I766;m. Amos Fisher. 

Submit, Dec. 9,i76o;m. ConsiderScott. William, Dec. 8, 1769(27). 
Joanna, Oct. 25, 1762; m. Jan. i, 1789, 

11, Im.ijah, s. of William (4), b. 1727; Lieut.; lived on lot No. 20, 
at the south end; rem. to Mill River, where he d. Oct. 5, 1802. He 
m. Aug. 17, 1758, Experience, dau. Nathaniel Hawks; she d. Dec. 
28, 1 77 1, a. 31; (2) Nov. 24, 1774, Naomi, dau. Elijah Lyman of Nhn. 
She d. Dec. 28, 1818, a. 79. 

Ch.: Elijah, Jan. 18, 1760(28). Experience, Jan. 27, 1770; m. Jan. 30, 

Electa, Feb. 9, 1763; m. Dea. Seth Nims. i794. Salmon Graves of What. 

Dau., b. and d. Sept. 15, 1765. Lucinda.Dec. 12, 1771 ; d. Feb. 25,1772. 

12, Thomas, s. of William (4), b. 1729; sett, at Bloody l>rook; d. 
-'^ug. 7, 1808. He m. July 12, 1753, Lydia Alvord of Sund; she d. 
Nov. 15, 1802, a. 69. 

Ch.: Eliphaz, Feb. 22, 1754(29). Clarissa, May, 13, 1766. 

Seth, July 7, 1757(30). Rufus, Apr. 12, I768;m. Sarah Ilallock. 

Thomas, Aug. 3, 1759 (31). Lemuel, Nov. 22, 1769 (32). 

Lydia, Oct. 14, 1762; m. Apr. 24, 1816, Lucy, bap. Oct. 17, 1773; d. in infancy. 

Josiah Iladlock of Con. Lucy, Oct. 12, 1774; d. unm. Dec. 2, 

Josiah, Aug. 2, 1764. 1856. 

13, David, s. of William (4), b. 1735; Joiner of Bloody Brook, 
1774; rem. to Chatham, N. Y. He m. Sarah Bodman. 

Ch.:\ Sarah, bap. Nov.9,i762;m. Elias Sylvester, bap. Nov. 6, 1774. 

Stone. John. 

Pamelia, bap. Mar. 2, 1766; m. Mar. 4, Rebecca, per. 2d wife to Moses Nims, 

1790, Levi Graves of Sund. after 1S14. 

David, bap. Oct. 4, 1767. Mary. 
Samuel, bap. Dec. 17, 1769(33). 

14, Jonathan, s. of William (4), b. 1735; Dea. 1785; blacksmith 
and trader; house, shop and store on lot No. 30; d. Feb. 13, 1819. 
He m. July 3, 1760, Rebecca, dau. Samuel Hinsdale of Gfd.; she d. 
Nov. 16, 1773, a. 30; (2), Dec. 7, 1774, Eunice, dau. Aaron layman 
of Belchertown; she d. May 3, 1838, a. 94. 

Ch.: Rebecca, Aug. 29, 1761; m. Oct. 3, 1795), Augustus Lyman. 

12. 17S3, Edward Billings of Gfd.; d. Pliny. Feb. 17, 1778(35). 

of small pox, 1785. Dorothy, Aug. 14, 1779; lived two 

Miranda, Oct. 12, 1764; m. Solomon weeks. 

Williams. George, Aug. 16. 1781 (36). 

Jonathan, Jan. 23, 1766 (34). Dorothy, June 9. 1783; m. (pub. June 

Sophia, Mar. 10,1769; rn. May 4, 1788, 24, iSio). Jacob Smith; she was k. 

Cotton Partridge of Hat. as she was crossing the railroad in 
Miriam, Aug. 7, 1771; d. Apr. 4, 1794. front of the cemetery gate, Aug, 20, 
Lucinda, Feb. 16, 1773; d. July 7, 1783. 1869, a. 79; she was quite deaf- 
Eunice, Sept. 10, 1775; m. (pub. Oct. losiah Lyman, May 25, 1788 (37). 

ARMS. 35 

15, Eliakim, s. of William (4), b. 1737; being the seventh son, 
he was always called "Doctor;" Bloody Brook; sol. in expedition to 
Canada, 1758; he d. Apr. 26, 1810. He m. Esther Bridgman of 
Belchertown; she d. Mar. 20, 1818, a. 77. 

Ch.: Eliakim, Dec. i, 1767(38). . 1795, Judah Wright. 

Mary, Dec. 17, 1769; d. unm., Oct. 21, Susanna, also called Thankful, June 

1816. 29, 1776; d. Apr. 26, 1778. 

Esther, Oct. 13, 1772; m. Oct. 30, 1794, Susanna, Sept. 3, 1778; m. Feb. 3, 1S03, 

Samuel Wells; (2) Aug. 26, 1829, Eli- Dr. Willard Arms of Bratt. 

hu Clary; she d. June 22,1853, a. 81. Abigail, Dec. 12, 1780; m. Jan. 16, i3u6, 
Charlotte, June 23, 1774; m. Dec. 31, Elijah Sanderson of What. 

I61 JosiAH, s. of John (5), b. 1750; continued keeping the tavern 
left by his father at Bratt.; d. May 23, 1803. He m. Cynthia Avery; 
she m. (2), Jabez Eoster of Wilmington, Vt. 

Ch.:\ Willard, ; d. young. Gregory. 

Susanna, ; d. at 16 years. Elisha, ; d. unm. abt. 1813. 

Josiah, ; d. at 14 years. Sibyl, Mar. 7, 1788; m. William Good- 
John, Aug. 1776 (39). nough; (2), June 7, 1829, Solomon 

Edwin, ; d. at 3 years. Whitney. 

Willard, Dec. 2, 1780(40). William, Oct. 15, 1790(41). 

Hannah, ; m. Zenas Metcalf; (2) Cynthia, ; m. Daniel Goodnough 

Daniel Arms; sett, in Canada. of Whitingham. 

Lucinda, ; m. Daniel Houghton. Angelina, ; m. Rufus Hosley: rem. 

Daniel, Aug. 31, 1786; doct.; went to to Penn. 

N. Y.; m. Sept. 16, 1809, Eunice 

17, x\aron, s. of Daniel (6), b. 1749; lived on the old homestead; 
d. Mar. i, 1806. He m. Jan. 26, 1775, Lucy, dau. of Christopher 
Tyler of Boston and Dfd.; she d. July 24, 1810. 

Ch.: Daniel, Nov. 30, 1775(42). Sophia, Feb. 16, 1788; d. Mar. 26, 1788. 

Christopher Tyler, Apr. 16, 1778; d. Aaron, Mar. 20, 1789(44). 

Oct. 6, 1779. Ralph, Mar. 5, 1791 (45). 

Christopher Tyler, Mar. 21, 1781 (43). Sophia, Oct. 7, 1793; d. unm. Jan. 7, 

Mary, Aug. 9, 1782; d. Feb. 17, 1783. (?) 1857. 

Mary, Dec. 29, 1783; d. unm. Mar. 5. Martha, July 10, 1796; m. June 9, 1825, 

1863. Joshua G. Pratt. 
Lucy, Nov. I, I785;d.unni. Aug. 9, 1840. 

13, Moses, s. of Ebenezer (7) b. 1749; Capt. ; Gfd.; d. Jan. 7, 
1818. Hem. Nov. 11, 1779, Catherine, dau. Samuel Bardwell of 
Mont.; she d. Mar. 12, 1815, a. 65,; (2) Nov. 25, 1816, Mary, dau. of 
Phineas Waite, wid. of 13enjamin Swan. 

Ch.: Dorothy, Feb. 14, 1782; d. Oct. 8, ry $5000; the Arms Cemetery .fiooo; 

1782. the Cong. chh. in Shel. Falls $6000; 

Ira, May 13, 1783; m. Dec. 13, 1806, to charitable associations $5000. 

Sophia, dau. of Quintus Allen; sett. Moses, Feb. 26, 1785 (46). 

in Shelburne;d. Sept g, 1859; he was Dorothy, Dec. 22, 17S7; m. Elder 

a generous benefactor to his adopted Long. 

town, and left by will for the Arms Catherine, May 24, 1792; m. Feb. 23, 

Academy $1800; for the Arms Libra- 1S13, Dr. Charles D. Childs of Shel. 

19, Ebenezer, s. of Ebenezer (7), b. 1760; Ens.; Gfd.; d. July 
6, 1812. He m. Mar. 24, 1785, Mercy, dau. Salmon White of What. ; 
she d. at Prattsburg, N. Y., Dec. 26, 1837; a. 73. 


Ch.: Elizabeth, Dec. 8, i7S5;m. James Dan., b. and d. June 8, 179S. 

Gould of Gill; (2) Josiah Allis of Kbene/.er VV., Dec. 30, 1799; d. Aug. 

Pratlsburg. 29, i8u2. 

Chester. Sept. 13, 1787 (47). Sophia, Sept. 8, 1S02; m. Jan. 1, 1S22, 

Mary, Jan. 12, 1790; ni. Win. Goodalc, Win. A. Van Vranken,(ieneva, N. Y. 

Auburn, N. Y. Ebene/.er White, Mar. 30,1805; m. Nov. 

Harriet, Sept. 3, 1792; ni. 1.S14, Thos* 12, 1835, Lydia Avery; lawyer, Au- 

Gilbert. rora, N. Y. 

Eroa, June 21, 1794; ni. a!)t. 1S20, Ero- Roger Newton, Oct. 10, 1S06; m. Lu- 

tas Hastings, Buffalo, N. Y. cretia J. Taylor; sett, in I'hila. 

20. Ji'.ssK, s. of Eijenezer (7), b. 1771; scU. in Duxbiiry, Vt., 
1795; d. May 16, 1S20. He 111. 1797, l.m-relia Craig, who d. June 
26, 1S05; (2) Dec. 1805, Abigail Ileaton. 

Ch.: Ira, Apr. 30, I798;m. Feb. 5. 1S21, pin of Janesville, Wis. 

Milly Atherlon, b. Apr. 21, 1800. Norman, Dec. 27, 1S09; d, Mar. 13,1816. 

Orrin, Apr. 21, iSoc; m. Mar. 24 1S31, Laura. Dec. 24, iSii; m. TlK-odore 

Cynthia Hubbard; (2) i84b,Iili/,abeth Kendall, Janesville. 

Stephens. Esther, Feb. 11, 1814, in Waterbury, 
Charles, Apr. 25, 1S02; Doct. ; sett, in Vt.; m. 1834, Wm. R. Wells, Gfd. 

Waterbury, Ct. Alonzo Norman, Jan. 16, 1S16; served 
Lucretia, June 16, 1S04; m. Dr. O. W. in V\\-ir ol Reb.;d. Nov. 19, 1862. 

Drew. Ambrose, Mar.9.1818; rem. to Chicago. 

Albert, Sept. 21, 1806(48). Jesse, July 30. 1820; at New Orleans 
Emily, July 6, 180S; m. Alanson Cha- when last heard from, 1876. 

21. Ski'h, s. of Abner (8), b. 1759; Ic at (}fd. by being run over 
by a loaded cart, Mar. i, 1799; pub. ^^I^^i'- 10. 1781, to Joanna Arms, 
were they married? m. June 6, 1793, Dorothy, dau. IJattis Denio; she 
m. (2) Apr. 6, 1803, Uenj. Smith of .So. Had. 

Ch.:\ Dorothy, Mar. 26, 1794; prob. m. Nov. 7, 1814, Orlando Smith of Had. 

22. Solomon, s. of Abner (8), b. 1766; (rftj.; alive 1800; there 
is evidence that he had in 1800 a boy and girl, b. bet. 1786 and 1790, 
and two girls bet. 1790 and 1800; nothing more is learned of them. 
He m. Mar. 13, 1808, Mary Eastman. 

Ch.:\ Abner, 1S09; d. Oct. 13, 1826. Hillings. 

Mary M., Sept. 27, iSii. Climena, Aug. 28, 1S20; m. Sherman 

Almeda, Dec. 28, 1813. Billings. 

Harriet H., Jan. i, 1816; m. Sanford 

23. Henry, s. of Consider (9), b. 1769; sett, in Con.; d. May 7, 
1848. Hem. Jan. 31, 1798, R.xperience, dau. Israel Crates; shed. 
Dec. 30, 1848, a. 73. 

Ch.: Philena, Oct. 19, 179S; m. Oct. 15, Henry, Jan. 29, 1808 (50). 

1818, Elijah Field. F"ranklin, Nov. 5, 1S09 (51). 

Marinda, Aug. 31, 1800; m. June 15, Cephas, Oct. 5, 181 1 (52). 

1826, Augustus Wells. Fanny, July 19, 1S14; m. Jan. i, 1834, 

Eliza, Feb. 9, 1803; m. May 30, 1S32, George Stearns of Con. 

Ichabod Nelson. Oliver, Mar. 26, 1816 (53). 

Lucinda,May 18,1804; m.. Aug. i<^'.i837, William, Mar. 21, 181S (54). 

Samuel Barber; (2) Sam'l Stebbins. Clarissa, May 9, 1820; m. Apr. 4, 1S56, 

Consider, Mar. 8, 1806 (49). Edgar Metcalf, of Ohio. 

24. John, s. of Consider (9), b. 1774; lived in Con.; d. July 24, 
1856. He m. Jan. 23, 1800, Martha Boltwood of Amh. 

ARMS. 37 

Ch.: Wealthy, Aug. 25, 1800. Martha, Mar. 25, 1813; m. Rev. Hora- 
Dorothy, Feb. 25, 1802. tio Nelson Graves. 

Israel, Feb. 29, 1804; m. Julia Parsons; Elijah B., Aug. 11. 1815. 

sett, in Mich. Catherine C, Oct. 8, i8i6;d. Nov. 1843. 

Solomon B., Oct. 5, 1S06; d. unm. Mary J., Feb. 11, 1818; ni. Rufus R. 
Judith N., Aug. 12, 1807; 111. Edward Graves. 

Burke. Edward, Feb. 11 , 1819; d. Feb. 1829. 

Julia A., June6, 1809; m. Rev. Dwight Cornelia J., Oct. 21, 1S20; m. Erastus 

Ives. Graves. 

John, Sept. 11, 1811; d. May, 1836. Caroline, Aug. 14, 1S22. 

25. Christopher, s. of Consider (9), b. 1777; hatter; sett, in Con. ; 
d, Apr. 27, 1855. He m. 1803, Fanny Allen of Nhn. or Pittsfield; 
she d. Sept. 14, 1810, a. 31; (2) Paulina, dau. Joseph Clary of Con. 

Ch.: Son, Dec. 13, 1803. 7, 1867; she d. at Dfd. Sept. 17,1874. 

Frances Maria, June 3, 1805; d. July 27, Frederick Clary, Oct. 14, i8i5;m. Mar- 

1805. iha Allen; rem. to Carlisle, Pa. 

Frances Maria, June 20, 1807; d. July Fanny, July 14, 1817; m. Eliakim N. 

5, 1807. Sylvester, Lyons, N. Y. 

Thomas Allen, Mar.6, iSto; m. Dec. 22, Paulina, Aug. 28, 1819. 

i84o,Elizabeth, dau. Quartus Hawks; Harriet. Oct. 18, 1823. 

rem. to Boston, where he d. s. p. Jan. 

26, Phineas, s. of William (10), b. 1759; res. Turnip Yard; d. Oct. 
10, 1838. He in. Mar. 1780, Lydia Root of Mont. 

Ch.: Fanny, Aug. 9, 1781; d. July 17, Philip R., July 30, I796;d. Mar. 5, 1850. 

1785' Iddo, Aug. 24, 1799; ^- ^Jy Indians in 

Noah, Feb. i, 1783; m. Ruth Brand. Arkansas. 

Achsah, Aug. 9, 1785; m. Daniel Tay- William, May 18, 1802; grad. Amh. C. 

lor, Montrose, Pa. 1830; Dart. Med. C. 1839; sett, at 

Fanny, Sept. 1787; d. Feb. 21, 1788. South Pass, 111.; he also studied the- 

Selah Root, Sept. 21, 1789(55). ology and preached ; m. Apr. 6, 1S35, 

Abigail Root, Mar. 13, 1791; m. John Mary Maxwell;(2) Jan. S, 1S39, Mary 

Passmore. A. Aiken. 

Phineas, Oct. 26, 1793; m. Maria Mary A., May 18, 1802: d. Jan. 1839. 

Bowles; sett, in Madison, Pa. Elizabeth, Aug. 23, 1804: d. July 9, 1806. 

27. William, s. of William (10), b. 1769; lawyer; practiced in 
Simsbury, Ct., Plainfield, N. H., and Painted l\)st, N. Y. ; d. Sept. 
13, 1813. He \\\. (pub. Feb. i, 1794) Mercy Snow of Goshen, who d. 
at Dfd. July 11, 1817, a. 50. 

Ch.: William, May 28, 179} (56). Hiram Phelps, June i, 1799, at Wind- 
Delia, Aug. 20, 1795; d. at Goshen,^ sor (57). 

1803. " Seneca, Nov. 16, 1806, at Ashfield (58). 

Hiram, Apr. 10, 1797; d. at Windsor, Jonathan, 1809; d. iSio, at Newport, 

Ct. 1798. N. H. 

28, Elijah, s. of Elijah (ri), b. 1760; capt.; Rep. 11 years; lived 
at Mill River; was found dead in the field. May 26, 1S21. He m. 
Mar. 4, 1790, F^sther, dau. Elijah Lyman of Nhn.; she d. June 9, 
1807, a. 35; (2) Jan. 24, 1810, Sophia, (Cooley) wid. of Wm. Sheldon; 
she m. (3) F^liakim Arms. 

Ch.: Amelia, Sept. 18, 1791; m. June Martha, Sept. 6, 1796; m. Dec. 7, 1820, 

12, 1817, Artemus Williams. Austin Hawks. 

Experience, Mar. 25, 1794; m. Dec. 7, Elijah Lyman, Jan. ig, 1799; d. Aug. 

1820, lona. Hawks. 21, 1803. 


Philomelia, Nov. i6, iSoo; m. May 14. N. Y. 

1822, Leonard Loomis of What. Electa. Au<f. 21, 1805; m. G. V. Breese 

Esther Lyman, Sept. 23, 1S03; m. Aug. of N. Y.; (2) Dr. Asa. S. Allen of 

25, 1831, Joseph Allen of Hoosick, Nantucket. 

29. Ki.iPHAS, s. of Thomas (12), 1). 1754; Bloody Brook; in Con., 
17.S9-93; d. July 8, 1S26. He ni. July 15, 1779, Miriiwni, dan. Joseph 
Wright; she d. Dec. 27, 18 19. 

Ch.: Hannah, Mar. 4, 1781; m. (pub. Dennis, Aug. 4, 1790(61). 

Aug. 6, 1S03) Joseph Hrown of What. Sophia, Jan. 22, 1793; b. in Con.;d. 
Emilinda, bap. Matilda, J une 25, 1783; unm. Apr, 4. 1862. 

d. unm. Oct. 3, 1836. Lewis, Aug. 14, 1796 (62). 

Erastus. July 23, 1785 (59). Miriam, May 14, 1799; m. Asa Bates. 

ILirry, Aug. 30, 1787 (60). Josiah, 15, 1802 (63). 

30. Skth, s. of 'I'homas (12), b. 1757; Bloody Brook; also lived in 
l>cr.; the record of this family is quite uncertain and incomplete. He 
m. (pub. Mar. 10, 1781) Joanna, tlau. Joseph Wright; she was received 
fr. Had. chh. 1795. 

Cli.:\ Lucretia.abt. i7S4;d. unm. Mar. Lucius; bap Mar. 11, 1796; m. Melita 

13, 1856, a. 72. Squires, and d. Jan. 28, 1820. 

Henry, abt. 1786; m. Fanny — ■, who d. Betsey; bap. Mar. 11, 1796; (one of the 

Nov. 4, 1849, a. 57. same name pub. to jas. R. Butler of 

Adency, abt. 1787; m. (pub. Mar. i, Gfd., Sept. 28, 1816). 

1817) Oliver Hervey. Clarissa. 

Patience; bap. Mar. 11, 1796. Leonard, 1796; d. at Ber., Mar. 7, 1808. 

31. Thomas, s. of Thomas (12), b. 1759; Bloody Brook; d. Jime 
2, 1832. He m. (pub. l'"eb. 12, 1785) I'oUy Coolidge of Col.; she d. 
June, 1794, a. 30; (2) Oct. 25, 1795, Hannah, dau. John Boyden; she 
d. Mar. i, 1861, a. 87. 

Ch.: Mehitable, Oct. 22, 1786. Solomon Adkins. 

Polly, Feb. 6, 1789. John Boyden, June 15, 1806 (64), 

Seney, Oct. 22, 1791. Josiah Coolidge, Sept. 23, 1808; m. Lu- 

Dexter, Oct. 29, 1797. cinda Bryant; sett, in Wendell; d. at 

Harriet, Sept. 30, 1799; m. Aaron Dick- Bloody Brook, June 4, 1888. 

inson of Hat. Thomas Alvord, Mar. 11, 1812; went 

Fidelia, Nov. 26, 1801 ; m. Apr. 22, 1S30, to Texas. 

Squire Palmer. Julia Alma, Oct. 11, 1814; m. Albert 

Wealthy, Jan. 23, 1804; m. June 6, 1833, S. Clapp. 

32. Lemuel, s. of Thomas (12), b. 1769. He ni. June 11, 1792, 
Sarah, dau. Wni. Anderson. 

Ch.:\ Richard, Jan. 2, 1793; m. — N. Y.; d. 1S73. 

Thompson; sett, in Buffalo; d. 1867. John; sett, in Adams, N. Y. 

Luman, Aug. 3, 1796 (65). Sarah; m. James Platts. 

Hiram, Mar. 18, 1799; sett, in Adams, Louisa; d. unm. 

33. Samuel, s. of David (13), b. 1769; d. Sept. 23, 1835. He 
m. Clarissa Smith. 

Ch.: Clifford S., June i, 1796; res. in N. Y. 

Orange Co., Ni Y. Stillman E., Nov. i, 1803. 

Walter, Aug. 17, 1798; sett. Troy, N. Y. Samuel, Jan. 3, 1808; sett, in Canaan. 

Sylvester, May 4, 1801; sett, in Canaan, Clarissa, Apr. 3, 1813; sett, in Canaan. 

34. Jonathan, s. of Jonathan (14), b. 1766; Capt. of Artillery; 

ARMS. 39 

blacksmith; sett, in Charlestown, N. H. ; rem. to Montpelier, 1815. 
He m. July 26, 1787, Sarah, dau. Ebenezer Wells; suicide, July 7, 

1805, ^- 39- 

C//.:\ Child, b. and d. 1788. Sarah; m. — Hopkins; (2) the noted J. 

Austin, Mar. 4, 1791; m. Dec. 25, 1816, P. Miller, Col. of the U. S. A., "who 

Sally Davis. a second time took up arms for 

Stephen, Feb. 6, 1795; d. Feb. 8, 1797. Greece." 
Stephen; m. Rebecca Bradley. 

35, Pliny, s. of Jonathan (14), b. 1778; lawyer; Y. C, 1842; d. 
Feb. 3, 1859. He m. June 19, 1810, Thankful, or (rratia, dau. Col. 
T. W. Dickinson. 

C/i.: Frederick. Sept. 31, iSii; d. Oct. Henry Hitchcock. 

17, 1811. Jonathan, July 19, 1819; d. Aug. 27, 

Frederick, Mar. 27, 1813; d. at Macon, 1823. 

Ga., Sept. 2g, 1835. Theresa, Mar. 17, 1821; m. June 9, 

Jonathan, Mar. 18, 1S15; d. Aug. 10, 1840, Geo. Herbert. 

1815. Jonathan Dickinson, Sept. 8, 1823 (66). 

Martha, Sept. 28, 1817; m. June 9, 1S41, William, Feb. 28, 1826; d. May 24, 1835. 

36, George, s. of Jonathan (14), b. 1781; of Gfd., 1815; d Oct. 
31, 1819. He m. Fanny Gushing; she m. (2) (pub. Jan. 5, 1822) Dr. 
Alpheus Stone of Gfd.; she d. Nov. 7, 185 1. 

C/i.: George, Nov. 10, i8i7;d. May 31, 1842. 

37i JosiAH Lyman, s. of Jonathan (14), b. 1788; rem. to Glens 
Falls, N. Y.; d. Dec. 12, 1828. He m. Oct. 15, 18 12, Cynthia G. 
Hunt of Charlestown, N. H.; she d. Dec. 2, 1875. 

C/i.: Josiah Lyman, Jan. 22, iSii (67). Falls, 

Anna Hunt, Nov. 19, iSi3;d. aiCharles- Anna Hunt, Feb. 19, 1S21; m. Albert 

town, Nov. 6, 1818. N. Cheney of Glens Falls. 

Dolly Ann, May 26,1817, at Glens Falls, Frederick Augustus, May 19, 1S23. 

d. July 29, 1861. George, Dec. 31, 1827. 
Lewis Lyman, Dec. 24, 181S, at Glens 

38, Eliakui, s. of Eliakim (15), b. 1767; Capt. ; Bloody Brook; 
d. Mar. 28, 1823. He m. Feb. 16, 1792, Tabitha Leonard of Sund. ; 
she d. May 16, 182 1, a. 51; (2) Feb. 26, 1823, Sophia, dau. Abner 
Cooley, wid. of William Sheldon and Elijah Arms; she d in Green- 

Ck.: Jerusha S., Aug.ii, 1792; m. (pub. Clarissa, dau. Jos. Smith; rem. to 

May I, 1824) Wm. Abel of Goshen. Mich. 

Noadiah Leonard, Apr. 7, 1794; m.Han- Elizabeth Bridgman, Dec. 14, 1804; m. 

nah Gillings; sett, in Albany. (pub. June 22, 1826) Levi Cook. 

Oramel, Feb. 2, 1796; m. Sept. 24, 1822, Charles, Feb. 27, 1807; m. Harriet New- 
Olive, dau. Joseph Smith; rem. to ell; sett, in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Mich. Maria, Apr. 26, 1809; m. 1829, Cyrus 

Harriet, Feb. 8, 1798; m. May 27, 1819, Carlton; (2) 1851, Sam'l Wells, Nhn.; 

Levi Williams of Nhn; she d. at Al- d. at Bloody Brook, Feb. 2, 1SS3. 

bany, Jan. 22, 1846. Miranda, Apr. 26. 1809; d. Aug. 27, 

James Bowdoin, Aug. 4, 1801; m. 1822, 1821. 

39i John, s. of Josiah (16), b. i776;Bratt.; found dead in the field, 


July 23, 1825. He m. Nov. 29, 1797, Clarissa, dau. Simeon Steb- 
bins of Dfd.; she d. Sept. 17, 1841, a. 70. 

Ch,: Henry, Oct. 13, lygS; d. Jan. 16, Greenleaf of Guilford. 

1799. Hinsdale, Apr. II, 1S08; m. Phebe But- 

Josiah, Dec. 24, 1799; sett, in Guilford; terfield; d. in Hratt., June 12, 1S66. 

m. Laura Shepherdson; d. 1S76. William, J uly 25, i8ii; m. Elizabeth 

John, Oct. 7, 1801 (68). Wadleigh of Guilford. 
Alfred, June 7, 1804; m. Eunice (?) 

40, WiLL.\Ri), s. of Josiah (16), b. 1780; Doct.; rem. to Stukely, 
Can., 1803; to Bratt., 1807; of Nfd., 1818-29; bcick to Bratt., where 
he d. Sept. 25, 1863. He m. Feb. 5, 1803, Susanna, dau. Eliakini 
Arms (15); she d. Feb. 25, 1865, a. 86. 

Ch.: Charlotte, Nov. 22, 1804; m. Dec. Vt., Mar. 6, 1S26. 

15, 1S23, Olivers. Mattoon of Nfd. Susan, Dec. 13, 1S16; in. June 11, 1S43, 

Willard.Nov. 14, iSo6;m. Jan. 29, 1837, Rev. Edward Wright of Dfd; (2)1858, 

Gratia Liscomb; (2) Nov. 16, 1864, Rev. Jason Atwaler. 

wid. Diantha L. Cobleigh. Sarah D.. June 2, i8i8;d. at Nfd. May 

Edwin, Sept. 24, 1808; d. at Woodstock, 22, 1828. 

41, William, s, of Josiah (16), b. 1790; sett, in Dumnierston, 
Vt.; d. 1876. He m. Jan 6, 1814, Polly, dau. Jesse Frost of Bratt. 

Ch.: Sophia, Oct. 7, 1817; m. Dec. 25, Lestina, May 18, 1822; m. Apr. 30, 1846, 

1S44. Joseph Miller of Dummerston. John C. Melenda of Guilford; rem. 

Jerry, Dec. 27, 1S19; m. May 16, 1845, to Kansas. 

Emeline Ryther of Guilford; rem. to Mary J., Jan. 28, 1S32; m. Sept. 6, 1857, 

N. Y. Alfred S. Brown of Guilford. 

42, F)aniei,, s. of Aaron (17), b. 1775; ^^tt. in Canada. He ni. 
(pub. Mar. 16, 1799) Hannah, dau. Josiah Arms (16), wid. of Zenas 
Metcalf; is saitl to have had 19 ch. 

Ch.: Susanna, Oct. 21, 1799. dard. 

Cynthia, May 20, 1801 ; m. Curtis Free- Ralph, Apr. 19, 1818; m. Mary, dau. 

man. John Allis of Dfd. 

Aaron, May 18, 1803. Sophia. July 11, 1823; m. John Avery. 

Lucy, Mar. 18,1808; m.John Holden. Martha, Jan. 28, 1S27; m. Luther Blunt. 
Mary, Dec. 22, 1812; ni. Windsor God- 

43, Christopher Tyler, s. of Aaron (17), b. 1781; surveyor and 
farmer; sett, on the old homestead, which he left for Canada Mar. 
17, 1829; he returned 1833, and d. July 11, 1854. He m. Avice, 
dau. Col. Joseph Stebbins; she d. Jan. 3, 1859, a. 73. 

Ch.: George Albert, Jan. 9, 1S06; d. ChristopherTyler, Mar. 29, 1813(69). 

Feb. 18, 1806. George Albert, Mar. 7, 1815 (70). 

Melissa, May 24, 1807; m. Sept. i, 1828, Avice Stebbins,Dec.4,i8i6; res. in Gfd. 

Stephen Allen; rem. to Canada; d. Richard Callin, Oct. 29, 1818 (71). 

Feb. 8, 1892. Julia, Dec. 15, 1S20; m. Apr. 11, i860. 

Janctte, Mar. 19, i8oq; m. Nov, 7,1850, Emerson Sanders; sett, in Kansas; 

Alvin Goodnough;d. Nov., 1877. d. Oct. 6, 1889. 

Albert, Apr. 9, iSii; d. Apr. 30, 1811. Maria, July 31, 1823; d. Sept. 4, 1823. 
Albert, Mar. 17, 1812; d. Mar. 20, 1812. 

44, Aaron, s. of Aaron (17), b. 1789; grad. Y. C. 1813; preceptor 
in F)fd. Academy, 1813-15; lawyer; d. Apr. 11, 1849. He m. (pub. 

ARMS. 41 

Apr. 9, 1821) Sophia Holland of Belchertown; she d. Mar. 28, 1822; 
(2) (pub. June 2, 1826) Eliza Hapgood of Petersham. 

Ch.: Hutchins Hapgood, Oct. i, 1S27; H. L. Wayland; res. in Phila. 

d. July 10, 1845. Sophia Holland, abt. 1833; m. Amory 

Elizabeth Grout, June i, 1830; m. Rev. Bigelow; res. in Chicago. 

45. Ralph, s. of Aaron (17), b. i79i;sett. on part of the old 
homestead; d. Aug. 3, 1851. He m. 1S16, Caroline, dau. Thomas 
Bardwell; she d. Aug. 16, 1855, a. 61. 

Ch.: Otis Bardwell, Nov. 15, 1816(72). 2, 1847, Francis M. Ball, Mont. 

John, May 24, 1819 (73). Aaron, Aug. 22, 1S29 (75). 

Caroline Sophia, Oct. 10, 1820; m. June Edward, Oct. i, 1S32; d. Mar. 16, 1843. 

9, 185S, Samuel Guild; d. Nov. i, Mary Ann Jackson, Sept. 16, 1836; m. 

1876, at Bellows Falls, Vt. Apr. 17, 1856, Frederick M. Wilson. 

Daniel, Feb. 2, 1823 (74). Bellows Fails, Vt. 
Abigail Foster, Sept. 17, 1825; m. Apr. 

46. MosES, s. of Moses(i8),b. 1785; Lieut.; Gfd.; d. Apr. 13, 1823. 
He m. Mar. 12, 181 1, Harriet, dau. Salmon White of What.; she m. 
(2) Mar. 21, 1831, Thomas Wells of What. 

Ch.: Ch. b. and d. Dec. 12, 1812. Moses, Mar. 26, 1S20; m. Sept. 1, 1839, 

George White, Feb. 14, 1814; m. June Mary Ann, dau. Apollos Root, Gfd.; 

22, 1839, Julia Johnson; she d. Nov., she d. Sept. 5, 1845, a. 26; m. (2) 

1848; m. (2) Oct. 29, 1849, Abbie T. wid. Lowell of California. 

Newton; went West. Harriet, Apr. 2, 1823; m. — Dane. 

47. Chester, s. of Ebenezer (19), b. 1787; Gfd.; d. Sept. 13, 1869. 
He m. Dec. 10, 1816, Rebecca Goodman; alive 1876, a. 84. 

Ch.: Martha, Feb. 10, i8i8;d. Sept. 28, Mary W., June 11, 182-^; d. June 28, 

1830. 1846. 

Elihu Goodman, May 11, 1821 (76). Sarah S., June 11, iS23;d. May 30,1844. 

48. Albert, s. of Jesse (20), b. 1806; sett. Duxbury, Vt. He m. 
Dec. 9, 1832, Julia A., dau. Luther Cushman of Randolph, Vt.; she d. 
Sept. 15, 1859; (2) Jan. 4, 1862, Wid. Helen (Chamberlain) Kendall. 

Ch.: Julia Ann, Feb. 15, 1834; m. Jan. Mary A., Nov, 25, 1838; d. Aug. 8, 1839, 

6, 1859, Martin Metcalf of Grand at Brockport, N. Y. 

Rapids. Mich. Margaret A., Jan. 25, 1S44; m. Mar. 

Lucretia Drew, Nov. 29, 1836; of Mil- 25, 1865, Jeremiah H. Anderson of 

waukee, Wis., 1886. Grand Rapids. 

49. Consider, s. of Henry (23), b. 1806. He m. June 4, 1839, 
Electa, dau. Josiah Boyden. 

Ch.: Luther Boyden, Mar. 17, 1840; d. 1843. 

Aug. 3, 1876. Arthur C, Oct. 15, 1849. 

William E., Sept. 25, 1843; J- Oct. 23, 

50. Henry, s. of Henry (23), b. 1808; sett, in 111. He m. June 
16, 1839, Lucy, dau. Dr. Washington Llamilton of Con. 

CV^..- Henry W., Oct. 1840; m. Oct. 1S70, Martha H., Aug. 18. 1843; m. Dec. 19, 
Eva Clark; sett, in Galesburg, 111. 1867, Albert Mann of Knoxville, 111. 

51. Franklin, s. of Henry (23), b. 1809. He m. Apr. 26, 1837, 


Mary, dau. Horace Williams of Dfd; golden wedding celebrated Apr. 
26, 1887. 

Ch.: Charles VV., Apr. 23, 1S3S; d. May 1870. May Filkins; d. Dec. 2, 1875. 

31. 1863. Gilbert W., June 20, 1846; m. Apr. 24, 

William A., Oct. 18, 1839; m. June f), 1872, Lois Haker. 

1S70, Martha Cornell of ('hicatjo. Horace VV., Oct. 28, 1853; m. Nov. 9, 

George F., Aug. 12, 1842; in. July 7, 1875, Lottie Hayden. 

52. Ci:ph.\s, s. of Henry (2,^), b. 1811; sett, in 111. He m. June 
16, 1839, Hannah Clark. 

Ch.: Charles Henry, Dec. 25, 1841 ; 111. Julia IL.May 21,1844; m. Aug. 27,1874, 
Oct. 17, 1S67, Anna B. Clark. Geo. M. Baker of Chicago. 

53, Oliver, s. of Henry (23), b. 1816; sett, in Tenn. He ni. Sept. 
22, 1840, Elizabeth, dau. Isphraiin Sprague of Dfd; (2) Dec. 28, 1847, 
Nancy A. \\'illiains. 

Ch.: James Henry, .Sept. 7, 1841; m. Fanny M., Nov. 5, 1851; m. Sept. 6, 
Elizabeth Williams; sett, in N. C. 1873, Waid Green. 

Emily E., Feb. 7, 1843; m. Wm. H.Hcr- Isabella, June 6, 1854. 

ryhill. William F., Nov. i, 1856. 

Susan A., Aug. 11, 1848. Jonathan, Jan. 9, 1859. 

Sarah Gates, fan. i, 1850; m. Feb. 9, Oliver, June 25, i860. 

1873, R. P. Thompson. Oscar, " " 

54, William, s. of Henry (23), b. 1818; sett, in ill. He m. k\\%. 
I, 1845, Ann E. Smith of Camden (?) N. Y. 

Ch.: Henry Gates, May 15, 1846; m. Clara A., J uly 24, 1852. 

June 13, 1873, Mary F. Durham. Ortan Barnard, Dec. 15, 1855. 

Albert E.. Mar. 28, 1849. 

55. Selah R., s. of Phineas (26), b. i 7S9; grad. W. C. 1818; clergj'- 
man; sett, pastor at (xrafton, NVindham and Suffield, Vt.; d. 1866. He 
m. Feb 25, 1825, Eliza Ames. 

Ch.: William J., Feb. 9, 1826, at Graf- Emily Maxwell, May 12, 1835. 

ton. Nathan Peabody, July 2, iS37;d. Oct. 

Maria P., Aug. 7, 1827, at Grafton. 13, 1839. 

Eliza, Dec. 28, 1828, at Grafton; m. Ebenezer Burgess, Mar. 12, 1839; sol. 

|ohn T. Mosby. in the Secession War;d. Oct. 28, 1862. 

George, Dec. 12, 1829, at Grafton. Henry Martyn, Aug. 17, 1840: m. May 

Fanny, Jan. 4, 1832, at Windham. 30, 1S65, Mary J. Classon, Spfd.,Vt. 

Emily, Nov. 15, 1833; d. Sept. 29, 1834, Ellen A., Apr. 7, 1S42; teacher at the 

at Windham. Sandwich Islands. 

56. William, s. of William (27), b. 1 794; sett, in Sherbrooke, Can- 
ada, 1815; d. Feb. 4, 1853. He m. Miranda, dau. Jacob Havens; she 
d. at Sherbrooke, 187 1. 

Ch.: Adeline, June 2, 1821; m. Sam'l Adelia, 1829; ti- John McMeckle. 

Tuck of Stanstead, Can. Calista, 1831; m. Lemuel Farwell. 

Delia, 1823; d. at Stanstead. William, Aug. 7, 1834; m. Mary Street 
Miranda, Apr. 26, i S27; m. Thos. Gold- of Cal. 

smith, Trov, N. Y. 

57, Hiram P., s. of William (27), b. 1799; Y. C. 1824; I). D. 1864; 
a teacher 3 years, ordained pastor at Hebron, Ct., June 30, 1830; sett. 

ARMS. 43 

at Wolcottville, Feb. 6, 1833, and in Norwich, Aug. 4, 1836; d. Apr. 

16, 1 88 1. He m. Sept. 12, 1824, Lucy A. Wadhams; slie d. July 2, 
1837; (2) Sept. 12, 1838, Abby Jane Barker of N. Y.; she d. 1878. 

Ch.: Catherine Lewis, 1825; d. 1826 at 1859, Edward A. Berry. 

New Haven, Ct. Sarah J., Aug. 14, 1S39; m- Apr. 1856, 

Catherine Lewis, 1827; d. 1828. Rev. VV. B. Clark. 

Catherine B., Aug. 29, 1828; m. Oct. 11, Charles Jessop, June 9, 1841; Y.C. 1863; 

1S59, L. P. Fisher. lawyer and journalist; capt. in War 
William F., Feb. 26, 1831 (77). of Rebellion; on staff of Gov. Hart- 
George H., Apr. 15, 1833; m. Dec. 26, ranft, with rank of colonel; m. Oct. 

1853, Henrietta McKay. 17, 1873, Alice Avery; lives in Lan- 

Francis H., June i, 1835; m. Apr. 11, caster. Pa. 

1S65, Grace Turner. Theodore Winthrop, Nov. 18, 1S44; m. 

Lucy A., May 17, 1837; m. Feb. 16, Oct. 13, 1869, Rose Marselis. 

58. Seneca, s. of William (27), b. 1806; rem. to Troy, N. Y., 1837, 
where he was bookkeeper at the Willard Seminary from 1848 to its 
dissolution in 1873; d. May 18, 1881. He m. Nov. 6, 1833, Jane, dau. 
Samuel Wells; she d. Apr. 2, 1877? 

Ch.: Jane E., Aug. 28, 1834; m. Sept. Hill of Brooklyn. N. Y. 

8, 1858, Rev. Wm. H. Taylor. Martha IT, Aug. 12, 1S42; m. Chas. K. 

George Wells, May 17, 1837; in. Jenny Wallace. 

Van De Mark, St Louis. Edward Wright, Dec. 4, 1845; m. Jan. 

Charles H., June 22, 1839; m. Sally 11, 1871, Ella Wright of Troy. 

59. Erastus, s. of Eliphaz (29), b. 1785, Bloody Brook; d. Dec. 

17, 1830. He m. Jan. 12, 1814, Mary (xraham of Sund; she d. Dec. 
25, 1887. 

Ch.: Lauraett, Nov. 27, i8i4;d. Sept. riet, dau. Socrates Sheldon; d. Mar. 

17- 1S32. 27, iSs4, a. 33; (2) Delia M. Slate (3) 

George Wright, May 14, iSi6;d. Sept. NLirtha E. Wrisley. 

20, 1832. Eliza, May 5, 1824; m. Franklin Wood- 

Angeline,Feb. 10, 1818; simple;d.Aug. rufif. 

26, 1865. ' Mary A., May 27, 1826; m. Monroe El- 
Sylvia, Mar. 25, 1820; m. May 7, 1840, dridge. 

Sam'l Hastings. David Brainard, Mar. 25, 1S29; m. May 

Horace Cornwall, May 8, 1822; m.Har- 20, 1874, Julia C. Vaile. 

60. Harry, s. of Eliphaz (29), b. 1787, Bloody Brook; d. Sept. 
13, 1855. He m. May 4, 1820, Fanny Hubbard of l>everett; she d. 
Nov. 4, 1849, a. 57. 

Ch.:\ Albert Austin, July 19, 1821; m. William, Oct. 2b, 1824; m. May 3, 1849, 

May 13, 1847, Sabrina Packard of " Sultana A. Packard of Con. 

Hardwick. Delia, 1830; m, Chas. Buckinan of Nhn. 

Lyman Spencer, Feb. 25, 1823; m. Feb. Amelia, 1830; m. Chas. Rogers of Lev- 

6, 1855, Diadama Temple. erett. 

61. Dennis, s. of Eliphaz (29), b. 1790, Bloody Brook; d. Jan. 18, 
1854. He m. Jan. 29. 1809, Betsey Richards; she d. Dec. 5, 1813; 
(2), (pub. Sept. 14, 1816), Polly Phelps. 

Ch.: Shepherd, Dec. 6, 1809; d. Apr. d. Apr. 23, 1851, a. 33; (2) Mary E. 

22, 1812. Root. 

Elizabeth Richards, Aug. 16, 1817; m. Charles Phelps, Nov. 15, i822;d. Apr. 

May 27, 1840, Lewis \\. Fellows. 14, 1831. 

William Shepherd, Mar. 22, 1819; m. James Carlton, Sept. 13,1826; m. Mary, 

Maria B., dau. Edwards Clark; she dau. Leonard Strong, Williamsburg. 


Edwin Uosinor, Sept. 5, 182S; d. Ocl. Harriet, dau. Edwards Clark; she d. 

2g, 1831. Jan. 15, 1858, a. 24;{2) Harriet Falm- 

Charles, Jan. 5, 1S31; ni. Oct. 8, 1851, er. 

62. Lewis, s. of Kliphaz (29), b. 1796; IJloody Brook; d. Dec. 29, 
1852. He m. (pub. Jan. 15, 1829), Betsey Beales of Ash.; she d. 
Mar., 1844, a. 38; (2) 1846, Mrs. I'hebe Williams of Hart.; she d. at 
Stafford Springs, Ct., 1885, a. over 90. 

C/i.: Harry E., Oct. u, 1831; in. July Sarah A., Sept. 24, 1S43; m. Nov. 23, 
5, 1S52, Mary Look of Mont. 1864, Alden Briggs. 

63. Josi.vH, s. of Eliphaz (29), b. 1802; Bloody Bro(jk;d. Mar 26, 
1842. He ni. (pub. Jan. i, 1823), Loana Cirahain of Sund; she d. Sept. 
15, 1828, a. 25; (2) Abigail Sipiires of l>er. 

67^..- Dianlha, July 13, 1S23; d. Ajjr. 16, Obed S., Aug. 13, 1830; m. Nov. 25, 

1825. 1852, Julia A. Wrisiey of Nfd;she d. 

Diantha, Feb. 22, 1826; ni. Geo. Rem- Aug. "3, i860; (2) Oct. 7, 1863, Leeta, 

miiigton. dau. William Lovejoy of Augusta, 

Loana, Aug. 26, 1S28; m. Orlando Leon- Me.; postmaster at Bloody Brook, 

ard. l86i-86. 

64. John B., s. of Thomas (31), b. 1806; lihjody Brook; d. Feb. 
4, 1852. He m. Apr. 17, 1836, Hannah I)., dau. Erastus Childs; she 
d. at So. Had., Aug. 20, 1882, a. 70. 

C/i .-f >hiria Bacon, ; m. Moses Thompson, So. Had. Falls. 

Newton of Holyoke. Aiietla, ; m. Amos Adams, So. Had. 

Silena Childs, ; m. Prentice E. Falls. 

65. I'UiMAN, s. of Lemuel (32), b. 1796; sett, in Adams, N. Y., 
alive in 1880, the last of a company of thirty-six emigrants fr. Hfd. 
in 1804. He m. Caroline, dau. Rufus Arms. 

C'/i..- f Louisa,i825; m. Albert Venders. Henry, Apr. 14, 1830; m. 1851, Sarah 

Julia, 1S27; m. Merrick Needham. Beardsley. 

William D., Feb. 14, 1829; m. 1855, Harrison, 1840; m. Feb. 6, 1862, Lucy 

Lorinda Horton. Wooley. 

66. Jonathan D., s. of Pliny (35), b. 1823; d. 1885. He m. Har- 
riet Hitchcock. 

C/i.: Mary Theresa, July 31, 1854. William Henry, Sept. 22. 1858. 

Harriet Newell, Dec. 21, 1856. Martha Hitchcock, Nov. 27, 1863. 

67. JosiAH LvMAN, s. uf Josiah L. (37), and French, b. 1811; 

clergyman of Woodstock, Ct. He m. Aug. 8, 1841, Marcia K. Keith. 

C/i.: Clara Adelia, Nov. 5, 1845. Annetta Frances, Mar. 15, 1S52. 

Abby Louisa, Mar. 21, 1847; m. Sept. Henry Lyman. May 31, 1854. 

II, 1864, Edwin D. Hosmer, Wood- William Otis, Feb. 27. 1857. 

stock. Arza Herbert, Jan. 22. i860. 

Ella Mortimer, Dec. 25, iS4(); m. Oct. Marcia Alice, Jan. 18, 1865. 

26, 1886, Rev. Enoch H. Hun. 

68. John, s. of John (39), b. 1801; sett, in Gill; d, Mar. 18, 1875. 
He m. July 4, 1825, Charlotte, dau. Benj. Hosley, Jr., of Gill; b. 1805. 

ARMS. 45 

Ch.: Oscar B., Apr. 15, 1S26; lost at Benjamin H., Jan. 10, 1837. 

sea 1848. Clara M., Mar. 6, 1S42. 

John H., Apr. I, 1S31 ; d. July 17, 1853. Joseph C, Jan. 5, 1844; m. Aug. 21, 

Mary M., Mar. 13, i834;d." Feb. 15,1855. 1873, Abby Harris. 

69. Christopher T., s. of Christopher Y . (43), b. 1813; civil en- 
gineer. He m. July, 1S40, Lucinda Hayden. 

Ch.:\ Isabella. Richard C. 

Christopher T., 1844; d. Jan. 8, 1878. Henrietta, 1849. 

Anna Prague, 1S47. Walter French. 

70. George A., s. of Christopher T., (43), b. 1815; went to Can- 
ada with his father m 1829, worked three years at clearing the woods; 
ret. and ni 1834, with the customary 25 cents in his pocket, he went 
to Boston to seek his fortune; was three years clerk in a grocery 
store; set up a country store in Nfd. in 1837; sold out in 1847; was 
in trade in Bellows Falls, 1849-53; contractor ni Canada, 1853-6; 
opened and operated a coal mine in Oliio, 1856-8. In 1S59 he estab- 
lished a hardware and agricultural implement business in Gfd., where 
he now resides, a large holder of real estate. He is a trustee of the 
Greenfield Savings Bank, and has been a director of the Millers Falls 
Company since its organization. He m. Apr. 7, 1843, Eunice Strat- 
ton, dau. Isaiah Moody of Nfd ; she d. in Athens, Ohio, Oct. 26, 1857, 
a. 41; (2) May 21, 1859, Frances Ward, dau. John F. Stearns of Dum- 
merston, Vt., and wid. of Jona. R. Childs of Dfd. and Chicopee. 

Ch.: Ellen Louisa, Nov. 5, 1S47; m. Boston. 

Oct. 24, 1871, John Sheldon of Dfd. George Lowell, Apr. iS, 1854; d. at Dfd. 

Jennie Maria, July 29, 1852; a promi- Aug. 17, 1855. 

nent teacher of Natural Science in 

71. Richard C, s. of Christopher T., (43), b. 18 18; C. E. and 
farmer; engaged in locating railroads 1837-50; contractor for bridges, 
1851-59; Co. Com. one term. He m. June 21, 1859, Ellen, dau. 
ApoUos Root of Gfd. 

Ch.: Winthrop Tyler, Sept. 30, 1861. Richard Herbert, Oct. 12, 1865; H. C. 

Eleanor Maria, June 10, 1864. i8go. 

72. Otis B., s. of Ralph (45), b. 181 6; blacksmith, trader and pa- 
per manufacturer; sett, in Jiellows Falls; his three brothers also sett, 
there, and they have done much to build up the town and develop 
its natural advantages; he d. Sejit. 8, 1S86. He m. Aug. 16, 1842, 
Sarah N. Watkins of Walpole; she d. 18S4. 

C//..- Edward A., May 14, 1843; m. May Lizzie Sarah, July 25, 1852; m. May 
14, 1872, Josephine Holt of Keene, 29, 1875. Henry F. King. 

N. H. 

73. John, s. of Ralph (45), b. 1819; blacksmith and trader; sett, 
at Bellows Falls: d. Apr. 30, 1875. He m. May 6, 1845, Mary Blan- 
chard Cragin; she d. Sept. 4, 1866, a. 42. 

Ch.: Gertrude, May 5, 1849; m. Nov. 9, John Henry, July 19, 1S57; d. Sept. 18, 
1876, Stephen S. Searle. 1858. 

74. Daniel, s. of Ralph (45), b. 1823, stage driver and conduct- 


i)r; sett, at lielluws Falls; d. Aug. i. 1875. He 111. Feb. 24, 1S57, Su- 
san Gowdy. 

Ch.: Henry Fullcrioii, June 17, 1S60. 

75, Aaron, s. of Ralph (45), b. 1829; trader;sett. in Bellows l''alls 
He 111. Dec. 25, 1855, Jane Towne i)f Keene. 

Ck.: Lillia, Oct. 27, 1S56. Louis Aaron, Jan. 14, 18G5; d. Aug. 1, 


76, F^i.iHU G., s. of Chester (47), b. 1821; Gfd. He 111. Jan. 20, 
1848, Susan, dau. Rev. Aniariah Chandler. 

Ch.: Helen Rebecca, Mar. 27, 1849; ''• Mary Iv, July 16, 1859. 

July 27, 1S71. Martha (iijodinan, Oct. 22, 1862; m. G. 

Sarah Z., Apr. 4, 1S5 i ; d. July 6, 1873. H. Kaulback. 
Chester, Apr. 8, 1857; d. Feb. 6, 1859. 

77, ^\'ILMAM F., s. of Hiram R. {57), b. 1831 in Norwich, Ct.; 
grad. Y. C. 1853; licensed to preach, 1859; missionary to Armenia, 
pastor at Greenwich and Newton, Ct., Nicholson, Ra., Beemerville, 
N. J., and now sett, in Sund. He m. Jan. 3, i860, Emily Meekinsof 
Gfd.; (2) Mar. 3, 1863, Sarah Rheli)s of W'ilbraham. 

Ch.: Emily Meekins, Mar. 20, 1861. 10, 1875. 

Catherine Phelps, Sept. 15, 1865. George Albert, Feb. 3, 1S74; d. Oct. 

Sarah Lucy, Mar. 23, 1868. 25, 1875. 

William Wells, Feb. 27, 1871; d. Mar. 

ARNOl-U, ^VILLIAM, taxed 1798. 

1, ASHLEY, Robert, one of the founders of Spfd.; he was a 
juryman Jan. 2, 1639-40; June 25, 1665, the Commissioners of the 
United Coh^nies sent orders to Robert Ashley and his wife, keepers 
of the ordinary, forbidding them to sell any strong waters or wine to 
the Indians; d. Nov. 29, 1682. He m. .\iig. 7, 1641, Mary, wid. of 
Thomas Horton, who then "had two children, one sucking, the oth- 
er three years old;" she d. Sept. 19, 1683. 

C/^.' David, June 8, 1642 (2). Sarah, Aug. 23. 1648; not named in 

Mary, Apr. 6, 1644; m. Oct. 18, 1664, father's will; prob. d. bef. 1682. 

John Root of Wfd. Joseph, July 5, 1652 (4). 

Jonathan, Feb. 25, 1645 (3). 

2, David, s. of Robert (i), b. 1642; rem. to Wfd. 1674; tl. Dec. 
8, 1 7 18. He 111. Nov. 24, 1663, llaiuKih, dau. Henry Glover, New 
tiaven, Ct., b. 1646. 

Ch.: Samuel, Oct. 26, 1664 (5). Joseph, July 31, 1671; m. Apr. 12, 1699, 

David, ALir. lo, 1667; m. July 11, if)SS, Abigail, sis. ofSarah Dewey of Wfd. ; 

Mary Dewevjd.inWfd.. Dec. 13,1751. d. Feb. 25, 1705. 

John, June 27, 1669; m. Sept. 8, 1692, Sarah, Sept. 10, 1673; m. July 22, i(')g2, 

Sarah, dau. Jedediah Dewey; shed. Thomas IngersoU of Wfd.; d. bef. 

May 30, 170S; (2) 1708, Mary, dau. Jo- 1708. 

seph Whiting of Hart., and wid. of Mary, Dec. 4, 1675; d. young. 

Capt. Joseph Sheldon of SufT. ; she d. Hannah, Dec. 4. 1675; m. Nathaniel 

Mar., 1735; he was a man of note in Eggleston, brother of James, k. at 

Wfd. , Capt. and Esq. ;d. Apr.i7,i75g. Dfd., in Philip's war. 


Jonathan, Jan. 2i, 1678 (6). Benj. Stebbins of Nhn. and Belcher- 
Abigail, Apr. 27, 1681 ;m. Nov. 25, 1699, town. 

Nathaniel Lewis of Farmington. Rebecca, May 30, 1685; m. Samuel 

Mary, Mar. 3, 1683; m. Dec. 21, 1709, Dewey. 

3, Jonathan, s. of Robert (i), b. 1645; sett, in Hart., 1682; d. 
1705; estate of ^1030. He in. Nov., 1669, Sarah, dau. William 
Wadsworth of Hart., brother to Joseph, of Charter Oak fame; he 
prob. had a second wife, Mary, for "Jonathan and Mary" sold real 
estate in Hart, to Edward Stebbins, May 19, 1695. 

CA.:\ Jonathan, ; m. May 20,1703, Samuel, ; sett, in Plainfield, Ct. 

Elizabeth Olcott. Sarah. 

Joseph, ; m. Dec. 28, 1709, Mary Rebecca. 

Mix, Wix or Weeks. 

4, Joseph, s. of Robert (i), b. 1652; he was in Spfd., 1680, where 
he was fined ^5 for working his team two hours Saturday night; and 
in 1694, when damages were recovered against him by James Munn, 
for taking all the hay "on his land which Munn had mowed to 
halves;" rem. to Weth., where he d. May 18, 1698. He m. Oct. 16, 
1685, Mary, dau. Joseph Parsons of Nhn.; she m. (2) Mar. 2, 1699, 
Joseph Williston, and d. Aug. 23, 171 1. 

C/i.:\ Mary. Benjamin, ; m. (pub. Dec. 31, 1726) 

Abigail, ; m. June 8,1721, Ebenezer Jane Shaw, both of Spfd. 

Morgan. Ebenezer, ; m. Nov. 30, 1727, Sarah 

Joseph, ; m. (pub. Feb. iS, 1725-6) Miller. [Hinman.] 

Martha Leonard. 

5, Samuel, s. of David (2), b. 1664; sett, in Wfd. He m. Apr. 
27, 1686, Sarah, dau. Joseph Kellogg of Farmington, and brother of 
Martin of Dfd. 

CA.: Mary. Mar. 6, 16S7. Aaron, Jan. i, 1702; m. Mehitable, dau. 
Samuel, Nov. 3, 1689. Edward Taylor, sol. in Capt. Samuel 
Daniel, Sept. 7, 1691 (7). Barnard's Co. in Father Rasle's war. 
Sarah. Sept. 11, 1693; m. July 4, 1717, Ezekiel, Apr. 27, 1703; lieut.; m. Han- 
David Bull of Wfd.; d. 1747. nah — ; sett, in Hart. 
Rachel, Feb. 14, 1695. Abigail, May 23, 1708. 
Jacob, Sept. 24, 1697. Joseph, Oct. 11, 1709 (8). 
Johanna, Feb. 6, 1699. 

6, Jonathan, s. of David (2), b. 1678; lieut.; sett, in Wfd.; d. 
Sept. 18, 1749. He m. Feb. i, 1699, Abigail, of Spfd., prob. dau. 
of licnj. Stebbins; she d. Apr. 7, 1752 or 3. 

CA.: Abigail, Aug. 15, I70i;d. July 21, Lydia, June 28, 1710. 

1742. Jonathan, Nov. 11, 1712 (g). 

Azariah, Aug. 13, 1704; m. June 15, 1727, Benjamin, Feb. 9, 1714-15. 

Abigail, dau. EleazerW'ellerof Wfd. Ebenezer, Mar. 29, 1717. 

Mercy, Apr. 8, 1707. Phineas, Jan. 16, 1719-20. 

7, Daniel, s. of Samuel (5), b. 1691 ; sett, in Wfd, ; m. (pub. Nov. 
15, 1718) Thankful, dau. of Rleazer Hawks of Dfd., and wid. of 
Thomas Taylor who was drowned at Nfd. 1717. She m. (3) Mar. 6, 
1728-29, Col. William Symes of Keene, N. H. 

C/i.:] Samuel, Mar. 20, 1720(10). Martin, Sept. 17, 1724 (i i); prob. others. 


8, Joseph, s. of Samuel (5), b. 1709; grad. Y. C. 1730; sett, pas- 
tor at Winchester, N. H., Nov. 12, 1736; this town was broken up 
in the Indian wars and he was installed at Sund. in 1747; dismissed 
in 1784 on account of trouble with his people; doubtless a Tory; he 
was a cousin and classmate of Parson Ashley of Dfd. He m. Feb. 
16, 1736, Anna Dewey of Wfd. ; shed. July 15, 1791. 

C/t.:\ Joseph, Apr. 26, 173S; m. Oct. Gideon, Ma3' 15, 1743; m. Nov. i, 1770, 

20, 1763, Ruth Billini^s; dep. sheriff Mary Russell. 

1774; wasa Tory; d. in N. Y. during Anna, abt. 1746; m. Jona. Russell. 

the Revolutionary war. Sarah, Sept. 13, 1750; m. Oct. 21, 1773, 

Stephen, Nov. 27, 1740; m. Nov. 10, Benj. Dickinson. 

1762, Elizabeth Billings. 

9, Jonathan, s. of Jonathan (6), b. 1712; grad. Y, C. 1730; was 
for awhile a teacher in SulT. ; was settled here in the ministry, Nov. 
8, 1732; he took an active and influential part in the Jonathan Ed- 
wards controversy, being opposed to Kdwards, who was his cousin; 
two of his sermons preached in Kdwards' pulpit at Nhn. were pub. ; 
Edwards describes him at this period as "a young gentleman of lib- 
eral education and notable abilities; a fluent speaker; a man of lax 
principles in religion, falling in, in some essential things, with the 
Armenians, and is very bold and open in it."* Edwards was in a 
position to judge Mr. Ashley, for he had felt the force of his blows, 
and had combatted his liberalizing views with all his power. Mr. 
Ashley d. .Aug. 28, 1780. (See ante p. 733 and Rev. chapter.) He m. 
Dorothy, dau. Rev. William ^Villiams of Hat.; she d. Sept. 20, 1808, 
a. 95. 

Ch.: William, July I, 1737; d. Mar. 17, Solomon, May 25, 1754; potter and 

1737-S. gravestone cutter; had shop on Boy- 
Jonathan, Jan. 6, 1738-9(12). den lot, and on the Catlin lot now 
William, Feb. 11, 1740 i; d. Sept. 28, owned by Cyrus Brown; in 1774 he 

1742. was living in Hinsdale, N. H.;he 

Dorothy, Ajir. 5, 1743; m. Dec. 21, 1763, never married and was drowned at 

William Williams of Hat. Great River, Jan. 14, 1823. 

Elizabeth, June g, 1745; m. Jan. 29, Clarissa, Dec. 1. 1757; m. Feb. 8, 1791, 

17S3, Maj. David Dickinson. Rev. Moses Cook Welch of Mans- 

Solomon, Sept. 13, 1747; d. June 23, field, Ct.; "The Weddingers" are 

1748. heard of at Sund., Fei). 10, prob. en 

Elihu, Aug. 12, 1750(13). route for home. 

10, Samuel, s. of Daniel (7), b. 1720; lieut.; sett, at Winchester 
abt. 1754. He m. Eunice, dau. Rev. Benjamin Doolittle of Nfd. 

Ch.: Oliver, Oct. 20, 1743. peared and had a long talk with his 

Tirza, Dec. 24, 1745. wid.; there is an acct. of the event 

Samuel, Sept. 2g, 1747; Col.; m. Aug. in Thomas's Almanac of 1812. 

9, 1770, Lydia, dau. Lucius Doolittle Eunice, Dec. 17. 1751. 

of Nfd. Daniel, Jan. 15, 1754. 1749; m. Oct. 7, 1771, Luther, Apr. 27, 1762. 

John Alexander; he d. Dec. 16, 1806; Luther, Aug. 19, 17^)4 (14). 

there is a tradition in the family that Susanna, Dec. 16, 1766. 

si.x months after his death he ap- 

11, Martin, s. of Daniel (7), b. 1724; of Dfd. 1769-72; m. Sa- 
rah . 

*By some these remarks are said to have been applied to Joseph Hawley. 


Ck.:\ Rhoda, July 15, 1750. Sarah, Nov. 29, 1755. 

Deziah, Feb. 21, 1752. 

12i Jonathan, s. of Jonathan (9), b. 1739; grad. Y. C. 1758; 
lawyer, with large practice; was a Tory, in consequence of which he 
got into trouble. [See ante, p. 741-45.] After the Rev. he lived in 
Shel.; was there in 1785-6; sold his house here in 1786; d. May 30, 
1787. He m. Nov. 28, 1771, Tirza, dau. Col. David Field; she m. (2) 
Aug. 27, 1792, Rev. Jonathan Leavitt of Heath; she d. Nov. 22, 1797, 
a. 48. 

Ck.: WilHam, Sept. 28, 1772; d. Oct. 7, 19, 1798) Dr. Roswell Leavitt of Cor- 

1772. nish, N. H. 

Harriet, bap. Oct. 24, 1773; m. June 21, Abigail. Sept. 7, 1777; m. David White 

1793, Eliel Gilbert. of Heath. 

Tirza, Nov. 19. (bap. 20th,) 1774; m. Elizabeth Matilda, bap. May i, 1780; 

Oct. 28, 1791, Rufus Sa.xton. d. on the Dark Day, May 19, 1780. 
Dorothy, Mar. 3, 1776; m. (pub. July 

13, Elihu, s. of Jonathan (9), b. 1750; studied medicine with Dr. 
Thomas Williams at Dfd.; practiced in Worthington 1774-5; on the 
death of Dr. Williams he ret. and succeeded to his ofifice and prac- 
tice; res. later on the old homestead; d. Mar. 14, 1817. He m. Nov. 
2, 1775, Mary Cook, dau. Dr. Thomas Williams; she d. Jan. 2, 1831, 
a. 78. 

(7/..- Thomas Williams, Aug. 16, 1776 Robert Williams, Apr. 25, 1782(16). 

(15). Mary, Dec. 2, 1789; m. William Tip- 
Nancy, July 4, 1778; smothered in a pits of (ieneva, N. Y. 

turn-up bed, Ian. f), 1779. 

14, Luther, s. of Samtiel (10), b. 1764; rem. fr. Shutesbury to 
Dfd, 1804; m. Eunice . 

Ch.: Gilbert, Dec 24, 1801. Dennis, Jan. 30, 1810. 

Nancy, Jan. 17, 1803. Harriet, Mar. 13, 1813. 

Dexter, Oct. 13, 1804. Emily, Jan. 6, 1816. 
Louisa, Dec. 5, 1806. 

15, Thomas W., s. of Elihu (13), b. 1776; Col. of cavalry in Mass. 
militia; lived on tlie old homestead; d. Jan. 6, 1848. He m. Sept. 
30, 1814, Lydia, dau. Rev. Joshua Crosby of Enfd.; she d. Nov. 25, 
1861, a. 67. 

Ch.: Jonathan, May 17, 1816(7). Harriet, Mar. 31, 1827; d. Dec. 21, 

Joshua Crosby. Mar. 1818(8). 1831. 

Mary, Mar. 24, 1820; d. Jan. 5. 1842. Elihu Clinton, Mar. 19, 1830; d. Jan. 

Thomas Williams, Jan. 18, 1822 (9). 5, 1832. 

DeWitt Clinton, Apr. 2, 1825; d. Oct. Joseph Abbot, Mar. 3, 1835; m. May 

15, 1826. ' 16, 1867, Julia, dau. Philo Munn. 

16, Robert W., s. of Elihu (13), b. 1782; Doctor; Pres. Dfd. 
Musical Association, 1803; sett, in Lyons, N. Y.; wife unk. 

C/t.;\ Mary Williams, Mar. 18. 1813; of Phelps and Lyons; had 12 ch. 

m. Jan. 3, 1833, Hiram G. Hotchkiss 

17, Jonathan, s. of Thomas W. (15), b. 1816; selectman; farmer, 



living on the t)kl honicstcatl. lie in. Oct. y, ^^44, Mnry, dau. Asa 
Smith uf What. 

C/i.: Elihu, Oct. 2, 1S51; d. Jan. 12, 1859. 

I81 Joshua C, s. ot Thomas W. (15), b. 1818; rem. al)l. 1853^4 
to Chickasaw Co., Iowa, with his brother, Thonias VV., and other I)fd. 
people; the township on which they settled was named Dfd. He m. 
Apr., 1844, Delia, dau. Stephen Smith; she d. Jan. 4, 1845, a. 25; (2) 
Aug. 14, 1850, Eliza, dau. Asa Smith. 

C/i.: Son, Dec. 1S44; d. at lu days. Austin Crosby, Nt)V. 13, 1853; and 

Delia Eliza, May 9, 1851. others b. at the West. 

Franklin Kendrick, Aug. 31, 1852. 

19, TiiOM.^s W., s. of Thomas W. (15), b. 1822; rem. abt. 1854 
to Iowa; Esq. He m. Oct. 9, 1844, Marietta, dau. 'i'heodorc 1). Hoyt 
of Ber. ; she d. Aug. 18, 1849, a. 25; (2) Nov. 13, 1850, Lucinda, dau. 
Hart Larrabee of Gfd. 

C/i.:\ Marietta Hoyt, (recorded Lydia 
Sophia) Dec. 6, 1847; d. June 3, 1850. 
Son, b. and d. Aug. 6, 1849. 
Marietta, Jan. 7, 1852. 

Fanny, Nov. 8, 1853; all at Dfd. 
Charles H., Feb. i860, and others b. 
in lovva. 

1, ATHERTON, Humphrey; Maj. Oen. Mass. Militia; Capt. of 
Ancient and Hon. Artillery, 1650; res. at Dorchester; rep. 9 years; 
assistant 1654 to his death; Sept. 16, 1661, he was thrown from his 

horse by riding over a cow and d. the next day. He m. Mary ; 

order or date of birth of several ch. unk. 

C/i.:\ Jonathan; sol. in Philip's war; 
sentenced July 30, 1675, to lose two 
weeks'pay for breaking the Sabbath; 
the offence was cutting up an old hat 
and putting pieces in his shoes which 
had galled his feet in marching. 

Elizabeth; m. 1650, Timothy Mather. 

Consider; m. Dec. ig, 1661, Ann An- 

Isabel; m. Nathaniel Wales, Jr. 

Margaret; m. Dec. 30, 1659, J'^s- Trow- 

Rest, (bap. May 26, 1639); m. Mar. 15, 

1661, Obadiah Swift. 

Increase, Jan. 2, 1641-2; lost at sea 
abt. 1675, 

Thankful, Apr. 29, 1644; m. Feb. 2, 
1665, Thos. Bird of Dorchester. 

Hope, bap. Aug. 30, 1646 (2). 

Mary, abt. 1647; m. Apr. 9, 1667, Jo- 
seph Weeks. 

Watching, bap. Aug. 24, 1651; m. Jan. 
23, 1677, Elizabeth, dau. Sam'l Rig- 

Patience, Apr. 2, 16^4; m. July 7, 1685, 
Isaac Humphreys. 

2, Hope, s. of Humphrey (i), b. 1646; grad. H. C. 1665; sett, 
minister in Hat. abt. Oct. 1669; he was released from a school in 
Dorchester, Sept. 29, that he might accept this ofifice; was chaplam 
under Capt. Turner in the expedition against Peskeompskut, May 
18, 1676. (See ante, p. 166.) In consequence of the fears, privations 
and hardships experienced on that occasion, his constitution became 
shattered; he never recovered from the shock, and d. June 8, 1677. 
He m. 1674, Sarah, dau. Lieut. Joseph HoUister of Weth. ; she m. 
(2) after 1680, Timothy Baker of Nhn., and d. Dec. 8, 1691. 

C/t.: Hope, Jan. 7, 1675; d. soon. 
Joseph, " (3). 

Sarah, Oct. 26, 1676; m. Nov. 23, 1696; 
John Parsons of Nhn. 


3, Joseph, s. of Hope (2), b. 1675; sett, in Dfd., 1712; d. Oct. 13, 
1753. He m. Mary, deiu. Capt. John Taylor of Nhn.; she d. 1709; 
(2) Aug. 4, 1713, Mindwell, dau. James Brown of Dfd.; she d. Mar. 
I, 1776. 

C/i.:\ fonathan, lyosires. in Norwalk, Abigail, Sept. 6, 1719; d. Sept. 23, 1751. 

Ct., 1741. Shubel, Aug. 11, 1720(5). 

Experience, 1708; d. 1709. Eber, Sept. 30, 1724; Shel.;d. Apr. 17, 

Prob. David, who was a sol. 1754. 1S04. 

Mindwell, Oct. 11, 1713; d. Nov. 21, Joseph, Sept. 5, 1729; d. Apr. 30,1730, 

1733. [town record.] 
Adonijah, Mar. 27, 1716 (4). 

4, Adonijah, s. of Joseph (3), b. 1716; a sol. in the French wars 
and d. at Fort Mass., Nov. 7, 1748. He m. June 6, 1736, Anna 
Barnard, prob. dau. of Joseph of Wind.; she was a niece of Samuel 
Barnard of Salem, and she with many other relatives received lega- 
cies from him; she d. in Gfd. Feb. 19, 1798, a. 86. 

C/i.:\ Joseph, Jan. 10, 1737; d. May 6, Jonathan, Nov. 14, i743;Warwick 1779. 
1750. Per. Anna, who m. Nov. 25, 1773, 

Oliver, Apr. 28, 1738 (6). Daniel Nash of Gfd. 

5, Shubel, s. of Joseph (3), b. 1720; sett, in Gfd.; k. by Indians 
at the Country Farms, Aug. 23, 1756. (See ante, p. 646.) He m. Dec. 
24, 1 741, Sarah, dau. John Allen, she d. May i, 1797, a. 73. 

C/i.: Mindwell, Sept. 7, 1742; d. Oct. Son, b. and d. Oct. 1749. 

5, 1743 or 48. Adonijah, Aug. 7, 1750 (7). 
Asahel, May 11, 1744; d. Aug. 11, 1745. Joseph, Apr. 9, 1752; d. 1752. 
Sarah, Apr. 17, 1746; m. Feb. 1764, Abigail," " " m. July 1769, Tim- 

Elisha Hinsdale. othy Bascom. 

Asahel, Nov. 9, 1747; Rev. sol. fr. Gfd. Elihu, Feb. 18, 1754; d. Aug. 7, 1763. 

1775; of Shel. 1778; m. Dec. 17S2, Mindwell, July 3, 1756; d. Sept. 17, 

Martha McClellan of Col. 1758. 

6, Oliver, s. of Adonijah (4), b. 1738; Gfd.; sol,, 1757; Sergt. 
in Capt. Agrii)pa Wells's Co., which marched on the Lexington 
alarm; d. Sept. 29, 1820. He m. Aug. 16, 1756, Mary, dau. Joseph 
Severance; she was alive 1800. 

C//.: Joseph, Apr. 28, 175S (8). sider Shattuck; (2) Elihu Goodsell. 

Mary, May 7, 1760; m. June 3, 1779, Adonijah; b. and d. Oct. 19, 1773. 

Zebediah Slate. Adonijah, Apr. 5, 1775. 

Oliver, Mar. 23, 1762 (9). Sarah, Oct. 17, 1777; m. Dec. 31, 1795, 

Elihu, Apr. 29, 1764. " John Corse. 

Mindwell, Nov. 4, 1766; m. Apr. 24, Mary, Aug. 10, 1780; m. Apr. 12,1806, 

17S8, John Foster. Enos H. Burt of Gfd. 

Lydia, Jan. 4, 1769; m. Aug. 29, 1793, Chloe, Aug. 15, 1783; m. May 21, 1S08, 

Rufus Chamberlain. Solomon Wells. 
Anna, May 4, 1771 ; m. Jan. i, 1794, Con- 

7, Adonijah, s. of Shubel (5), b. 1750; sett, in Shel. He m. 
May 9, 1777, Elenora, dau. John Severance of Ber. ; she d. Aug. 31, 
1777, a. 25; (2) Temperance — . 

C/i.:j; Shubel, 1780; d. May 6, 1784. 1806, Esther Long. 

Abigail, Apr. 6, 1782; prob. m. Dec. 5, Temperance, Mar. 3, 1785. 

1805, Elias Skinner. Elenora, Oct. 12, 1786; d. Nov. 18, 1802. 

Adonijah, Sept. 17, 1783; m. Dec. 11, Shubel, Mar. 28, 1788. 


Lucy, Dec. 8,1790; m. May 6, 1811, Sam- Mina, Jan. 11,1793. 

uel Bardwell of Shel. ; suicide, 1837. Pliny, Aug., 1797; d. Oct 10, 1797. 

8, Joseph, s. of Oliver (6), 1758; Rev. sol.; in iSoo was in Gfd. 
with wife, three boys and three girls, prob. those named below. 

Ch.:\ Henry, ; d. Mar. 27,1821; m. Horace. 

Oct. 26, 1820, Henrietta M. Corse; she Daughter, who m. Kurt. 

m. (2) Feb. 24, 1824, Dolphus Pratt; Hepsibah 1794; d. unm. in Ber., Apr 

she d. Mar. 23, 1829 11, 1877, a. 83. 

Mary. Infant; d. Mar. 15, 1799. 

9, Oliver, s. of Oliver (6), b. 1762. He m. May 13, 1787, Mary, 
dau. Moses Bascom. 

r//..f Elenora, bap. June 17, 1795. Charlotte, bap. June 17, 1795. 


The following families were probably of this stock, but I do not 
connect them : — 

ATHERTON, Allen; (ifd. ; d. abt. 1845. He m. Ruth . 

CJi.: Benjamin G., Sept. 21, 1810. Hepsibah E., June 11, 1817, 

Horace B., June 30, 1812. (?) Lydia A. M., Apr. 2, 1829. 

Sarah S., Jan. 31, 1815. 

ATHERTON, Eber; d. at Whitingham, Jan. 25, 1871, a. 84. 

ATHERTON, Jonathan; d. in Cxfd., Oct. 2, 18 13. He m. Apr. 
12, 1792, Huldah Chamberlain. 

Ck.:\ Martha, Feb. 22, 1795. Ralph, Apr. i, 1S03. 

Almeda, Mar. 27, 1797. Pamelia, Oct. 6, 1806. 

Alva, Mar. 6, 1799. Jonathan A., Apr. 19, 1809. 
Maria, Oct. 22, 1801. 

AVERY, Oliver; pub. to Sarah Corse, Mar. 9, 1753, both of Dfd. ; 
rem. to Charl. 

AVERY, Stephen; carpenter; Dfd., 1788-93. 

AYERS, Ebenezer; Dfd., 1761-71. 

BAH^EY, Ci-KSAR; one of the minute men who went to Cambridge, 
on the Lexington alarm; enlisted for the war in 1777, under Capt. 
Joseph Stebbins; he d. in the service; he was sometimes called Ciesar 
Dickinson. He m. abt. 1776, Hager ; she was living in Pitts- 
field, Mass., in 1842, a. abt. 88. 

1, BAILEY, Thomas, b. 1644; of I>ancastershire, Eng. ; Doctor; 
wife unk. 

Ch.:^ John (2). 

2, John, s. of Thomas (i), of Scituate abt. 1678. He m. Jan. 25, 
1672, Sarah White; (2) Dec. 9, 1699, Ruth Clothire. 

Ch.:\ Benjamin, 1682(3). 



3, Benjamin, s. of John (2), b. 1682; d. 1726. He m. 1710, Deb- 
orah Howe. 

Ch.:\ Benjamin, 1713(4). 

4, Benjamin, s. of Benjamin (3), b. 1713; d. Feb. 14, 1790. He 
m. Apr, 4, 1738, Sibella, dau. James Howe of Westboro. 

Ch.:\ Stephen, Sept. 29, 1753 (5). 

5, Stephen, s. of Benjamin (4). b. 1753; of Berlin; was one of 
the minute men in Co. of Artemus Ward at Lexington; d. Feb. 12, 
1815. He m. July 8, 1779, Sarah Crosby. 




Ch.:\ Algernon Sidney. 


Winthrop, May 7, 1784, at Berlin (6) 



6, Winthrop, s. of Stephen (5), b. 1784; was grad. at H. C. 1807; 
tutor at Bowdoin C. abt. 1810; sett, pastor at Brunswick, Me., over 
the Orthodox Cong'l chh. 1811-14; pastor of Othodox chh. in Pelham 
1814-24; May, 1825, was installed over the Unitarian chh. in Gfd.; 
for five or six years he lived in Dfd. and was principal of Dfd. Acad- 
emy; he d. in office here Mar. 16, 1835. ^^ ^- J^^^- 6, 1814, Mar- 
tha Stanwood of Brunswick. 

C/t. : Sarah Crosby, Apr. 5, 1815, in Pel- 
ham; m. Dec. 4, 1834, at Dfd., Sam'l 
T. Hallock;she d. at Meadville, Pa., 
Oct. 12, 1881. 

Hannah Stanwood, June 8,1817, at Pel- 
ham; m. June 26, 1842, at N. Y. City, 
Horatio Nelson Conant. 

Martha Grey, Feb. ig, 1819, at Pelham; 
m. Aug. 19,1845, at Milwaukee, Wis., 
Rufus W. Pier; she d. at Pittsburg, 
Pa., Dec 24, 1888. 

Francis Parkman, Nov. 26, 1820, at 
Pelham (7). 

Elizabeth Lee, Nov. 21, 1822, at Pel- 
ham; m. Oct. 20, 1842. at Jamestown, 
N. Y., Sam'l Erastus Foote. 

Annie Jean, Feb. 12, 1826, at Gfd,; m. 
J. Warren Fletcher; d. at Washing- 
ton, D. C, Mar. 4, 1872. 

Isabella Perry, Feb. 12, 1828, at Gfd.: 
d. at Dfd., Nov. 15, 1831. 

Mary Duncan, May 23, 1831, at Dfd.; 
m. May 15, i8.s2. at Milwaukee, 
Knute Peterson; she d. at Milwau- 
kee, July 20, 1886. 

7, Francis Parkman, s. of Winthrop (6), b. 1820; d. at Erie, Pa., 
Dec. 17, 1888. He m. Oct. 12, 1847, Caroline Pier of Jamestown, 
N. Y. ; she d. July 14, 1S59; (2) Feb. 7, 1861, Martha Evelyn Pier of 
Union Mills, Pa.; she d. May 31, ^1890. 

C/i.: Everett Haskins, Apr. 10, 1850 (8). 
Francis Winthrop, July 11, 1866, at 
Erie; living in St. Paul, Minn. 

Florence Evelyn, Feb. 11, 1868, at Erie; 
living at St. Paul, Minn. 

8, Everett Haskins, s. of Francis P. (7), b. 1850; cashier of 
First National Bank of St. Paul, the largest in the Northwest. He 
111. June 2, 1874, Jennie L. Jones of Clear Creek, Minn. 

Ch.: Frederick Stanwood, Oct. 31, 1880. 

For the Bailey family I am indebted to Arthur Hoyt Foote of St. 
Louis, son of Elizabeth L. Bailey. 


BAKER, John, taxed 1787. 

1, BALDWIN, John; emigrant; Milforci, Ct , 1639, where he d. 
June, 1681. He m. Mary ; (2) Mary, dau. John Bruen of Staple- 
ford, Eng. ; she d. Sept. 2, 1670. 

C/i.: John.abt. 1640; bap. Mar. 26,1648; Mary, bap. Sept. 17, 1654; prob. m. 

m. Oct., 1663, Hannah Hruen. Mar. 20, 1667, Thomas Bascom. 

Josiah, 1642; rn. June 25, 1667, Mary Sarah, Dec. 25, 1655. 

Camp. Abigail, Nov. 15, 1658; m. Samuel 

Samuel, 1645; d. Jan. 16, 1671-2. Baldwin. 

Nathaniel, i648;cooper;sett. in Milford; Obadiah, Oct., 1660. 

m. Sarah, dau. Benj. Phi|)pen. George, abt. 1662 (2). 

Elizabeth, bap. July 19, 1649; m. Hannah, Nov. 20, 1663; ni. Jan. 17, 

Porter. " 1682, Dr. John Fiske. 

Joseph, bap. Nov. 9,1651 ; m. Elizabeih, Riihard, [une, 1665. 

dau. Elnathan Botsford. 

2, George, s. of John (i), b. abt. 1662; Dea.; blacksmith; sett, 
in Branford, Ct. ; d. Oct. 26, 1728. He m. Deborah, dau. Dea. Jona. 
Rose of Branford. 

C/i.: John, Jan. 13, 1690(3). Daniel, July i, 1705; m. Thankful, who 

Phebe, Nov. 7, 1692; m. Oct. 26, 1713, d. Jan. 23, 1754; (2) May 23, 1754,83- 

Benj. Bartholomew. rah, wid. Joseph Harrison, dau. Jo- 
Israel, Dec. 13, 1694; m. Dec. 10. 1718, seph Fooie. 

Dinah Butler. Rebecca, Oct. 28, 1707; m. Jan. 9, 

Elizabeth, Dec. 20, 1697; m. Nov. 20, 1733-4, Nathan Linsley. 

1717. Jona. Butler. Noah, Mar.20, 1710; m. Mar. 21, 1732-3, 

Deborah, Dec. 27,1699; m. Feb. 21,1722- Rebecca Frisbie. 

3, Edward Johnson. Zillah, bap. Jan., 1712; m. Feb. 16, 
Martha, Jan. 13, 1702; m. Sept. 29, 1725, i73f'-7. Nathaniel Page. 

Josiah Butler. 

3, John, s. of George (2), b. 1690; sett, in Branford; d. abt. 1765. 
He m. Oct. 26, 17 13, Hannah Tyler. 

C/i.: Hannah, Nov. 7, 1714; m. Mar. 1746. Hannah Hoadley. 

9. 1732, Edward Baker. Sarah, Sept. 3, 1728; m. Aug. 20, 1747. 

John, May 9, 1717 (4). Jona. Harrison. 

Abigail, May i, 1720. James, abt. I73i;m. May 23, 17S3, De- 
Samuel, bap. Dec. 9, 1725; m. Apr. 15, sire Parmelee. 

4, John, s. of John (3), b. 17 17; sett, in Branford. He m. Apr. 
20, 1740, Abigail Wardwell. 

C/t.: Peter, Nov. 8, 1741; m. Sept. 13, John, Sept. 13, 1750(5). 

i767,Anna Johnson;(2) June 8, 1772, Levi, June 30, 1753; m. Dec. 31, I775- 

Mary . Sarah Olds. 

Simeon, Nov. 24, 1744. Abigail, Sept. 22, 1756. 
Levi, Sept. 22, 1747; d. June 20, 1750. 

5, John, s. of John (4), b. 1750; deacon; lived in Harwinton, Ct.; 
thence in 1804 he rem. to Dfd.; sett, on the Wright place at l>loody 
Brook now occupied by J. A. Baldwin; d. June 3, 181 7. He m. Oct. 
20, 1772, Althea Hobert. 

C/i.: Jeremiah, Mar. 4, 1774; lost at Hannah, dau. Eleazer Stent of Rran- 

sea 1796. ford. 

Edward. Oct. iS, 1776; m. Jan. 7, 1797, Irene, Mar. 3, 1779; m- Sam'I Frisbie 



of Branford. 
Statira, Jan. 21, 1782; m. July 20, 1800, 

Asher S. Beach of Branford. 
Augustus, Apr. 20, 1784 (6). 

Nancy, Nov. 28, 1786; m. Cook. 

Maria, Autj. i, 1787; m. Anson Hun- 
gerford of Harwinton. 

John, Jan. 18, 1792; m. Martha of 

Moniicello, Ga. 
Julia, Oct. 2, 1794: m. abt. 1S14. Elisha 

Nims of Dfd. 
Louisa, May 31, 1798; ni. Anson llun- 

gerford of Harwinton. 

6, Augustus, s. of John (5), b. 1784; came here 1809; sett, at 
llloody ]]rook on the Joseph Wright place; d. Sept. 30, 1836. He 
m. June 31, 1809, I3etsey (ioodrich of Branford; she d. Dec. 23, i860, 
a. 75- 

C/i.: James Goodrich, Nov. 10, 1S09; Elizabeth Amelia, Mar. 1 5,181 7; d.uiim. 

d. in Branford, July 10, 1832. Mar. ti, 1837. 

J()sc[)h Aloiizo, Mar. 27, 1814 (7). 

7, Joseph A., s. of Augustus (6), b. 1814. He m. Sept. i, 1S41, 
Mary i'orter. 

Ch.: James Goodrich, July 27, 1848(8). 
Elizabeth Ann, Oct. 23, 1S50; m. Ever- 

ard D. Jewett, Feb. 23, 1870. 
Winfred Alonzo, Oct. 8, 1867. 

3, James G. , s. of Joseph (7), b. 1848. He ni. May 20, 1869, 
Rosina (). Cranson. 

Ch.: Erwin W., Mar. 2, 1870. 
Nettie May, Feb. 26, 1S73. 

Bessie Goodrich, May iT), 1S76. 

]JAL])^V1N, Joseph; emigrant; prob. s. of Richard of Cholesbury, 
County 15uclvs, Eng. ; of Milford, Ct., 1639; rem. to Had. 1662-3; ^■ 
Nov. 2, 1684. He m. Hannah; she joined the chh. of Milford 1644; 
(2) Isabella [Ward?] wid. of John Catlin of Newark, N. J., and James 
Northam of Dfd. and Colchester; she d. Dec. 8, 1676; (3) Elizabeth 
(Hitchcock) wid. of VVm. Warriner of Spfd. ; she d. Apr. 25, 1696. 

('//..• |oseph, abt. 1640; m. Sarah Coo- 
ley of Milford; sett, in Had. 

Benjamin, abt. 1642; m. Hannah, dau. 
Jona. Sargent of Branford. 

Hannah, bap. June 23, 1644; m. May 
6, 1658, Jeremiah Hull of N. Haven. 

Mary, bap. June 23, 1644; m. Sept. 23, 
1662, John Catlin, with whom she rem. 
fr. Newark to Dfd. abt. 1683; their 
large family were nearly all de- . 
stroyed Feb. 29, 1704. 

Elizal)eth, bap. Mar. 1645; m. Mar. 31, 
1664, James Warriner of Spfd. 

Martha, bap. Mar. 1645; m. Dec. 26. 

1667, John Hawks at Had. The fate 

of this family can be learned by 

ante, p. 305-8. 
Jonathan, Feb. 15, 1649; m. Nov. 2, 

1667, Hannah, dau. John Ward, rem. 

to N. |.; she d. 1693; (2) Thankful, 

dau. Elder John Strong of Wind., he 

d. Dec. 13, 1739. 
David, Oct. 19, 1651; m. Nov. 11, 1674, 

Mary, dau. John Stream of Milford; 

she d. May 28, 1712; he d. Sept. 1689. 
Sarah, Nov. 6, 1653; was 2d wife to 

Sam'l Bartlett of Nhn.;had ioch.;a 

family intimately related to Dfd. 

]_, BALL, John, b. in J^ittleton, Dec. 27, 1743; was early in 
Worcester; came here during the Rev. war; d. Feb. 8, 1814. He m. 
Aug. 27, 1769, I_vydia, dau. Henry Ward of Worcester; slie m. (2) 
Dec. I, 1820, Asa Conant; she d. Sept. 8, 185 1, a. 97y. 6m. 4d. 

Ch.: Lydia, Jan. 21, 1770; m. Aug. 12, 
1795, Daniel Campbell of Catskill, 
N. Y. 

Faitha, Feb. 15, 1772: m. Ebenezer 

Hannah, Feb. 1 1, 1774; m. Jona. Cobb. 



)()hn, Dec. 5, 1775. 

Josiah, Sept. 10, I778;m. Matilda 1 1 mil 

of Boston; d. at Georgetown, D. C, 

Isaac, Sept. lo, 177S (2). 
Maria, Mar. 7,1781; m. Emory Wolcolt. 
Son, b. and d. Mar. 3, 17S3. 
Betsey, Mar. 15, 1784; m. Dec. 22, 1825, 

Rufus Gunn. 

Henry, May i, 17S6 (3). 

Nabby, Nov. 12, 1788; d. unm. Fe!) 13, 

1 8 14. 
Frederick Augustus, Mar. 13, 1792 (4). 
Sally, Jan. 4, I795;d.unm. Mar. 14, 1869. 
Clarissa, Jan. 10, 1798; m. James Hall 

of Warwick; (2) Harvey Clapp of 

Mont.; d. Feb. 20, 1S72. 

2, Isaac, s. of John (1), b. 1778 
ci. May 23, 1852. He m. Aug. 21, 
was a twin; she d. Mar. 9, 1856, a. 

CA.: Josiah, May 17, 1800; d. Oct. 18, 

Squire Bishop, May 21, 1802; d. July 

31, 1803. 
Adeline, Nov. 18, 1803; d. unm. Oct. 

24, iSSi. 
Caroline, Sept. 7, 1S05; m. [une 12, 

1828, Aaron Burr Phillips; d. May 18, 

Albert, May 13, 1S07; d. Feb. 9, 1814. 
Nancy, Mar. 31, 1809; m. Mar. 31, 1S31, 

Wm. H. Saxton; d. Nov. 3, 1S39. 
Isaac, June 6, 1810; m. Mary Ann Ai- 

ger of Washington, D. C, where he 

settled; d. Oct. g, 1S69. 

; cooper; long time town se.\ton; 
1799, Huldah Squires; she also 

Catherine, Nov. 26, i8ri; m. James 

Foster of Warwick; no ch.; d. Sept. 

2, 1871. 
John, Feb. 20, 1814; m. Oct. 27, 1835, 

Eunice Pease of Suff. ; (2) Harriet 

Ferry; (3) Mary Thomas. 
.-Mjigail, NIar. 19, 1816; m. July i, 1840, 

Wm. A. Snow of Lebanon, N. H. 
Sarah, Dec. 17, 1817; m. Sept. 26, 1844, 

Philander Dickinson; d. Oct. 12,1845. 
Elizabeth Ward, June 27, 1820; d. May 

16. 182S. • 
Lydia E., Apr. 29, 1823; m. Sept. 26, 

1844, Asa C. Ball. 

3, Henry, s. of John (i), I). 
23, 1867. He m. (pub. Dec. 29, 
1867, a. 81. 

C/i.: Rodolphus, Apr. 6, 1804; sett, in 

Sophronia, Sept. 10, 1806; d. May 23, 


Dan Dexter, Sept. 22, 1808; m. (pub. 
Aug. 26, 1831) Clarissa, dau. Seih 
Clapp; he d. May 20, 1852. 

Henry Ward, Mar. 9, 181 1 ; m. Thank- 
ful Crozier; d. Dec. 11, 1880. 

Charles, Aug. 12, 1813; m. Oct. r838, 
Betsey C. Carter; (2) Nov. 24, 1875, 
M. A. Pool of Lowell, Mass. ; sett, in 
Claremont, N. H. 1838. 

Sophronia, Dec. 4, 1815; m. Ira Ashley 

17S6; lived at Great River; d. July 
1804) Hannah Keet; she d. Jan. 22, 

of Wfd. 
Emory. Jan. 6, 1S18; m. Oct. 23, 1856, 

Adeline L., dau. James Jones. 
Clarissa, May 25, 1820; m. Austin Rice. 
Asa Conant, May 13, 1822; m. Sept. 26, 

1844, Lydia E., dau. Isaac Ball. 
Francis Marion, Aug. 23, 1824; m.Apr. 

2, 1847, Abigail, dau. Ralph Arms. 
Albert Gallatin, Oct. 20, 1826; m. Har- 
riet A. Moore. 
Hannah, Sept. 3, 1830; m. Jan. 21, 1852. 

Thos. G. Clapp. 
Sarah, Jan. 2r, 1S34: m. Mar. 23. 1853, 

Joshua Turner of Canada East. 

4, Frederick A., s. of John (i), b. 1792; wheelwright; d. Mar. 
25, 1856. He m. (pub. Nov. 14, 1820) Mary F. Corthell of Hing- 
ham; she d. Oct. 18, 1847, a. 46; (2) wid. Marv Temple; she m. (3) 
Geo. W. Mark of Gfd. 

Ck.: Samuel Ward, Nov. 24, 182 1 ;m. Jan. 

5, 1853, Mary E.,dau. Nathan Smith. 
Frederick A., Nov. 18, 1823; m. Mary 

D . 

Mary, Feb. 5, 1826; d. Feb. 28, 1843. 
Hannah, Oct. ig, 1827; d. Apr. 4, 1828. 
Bishop, May 20, 1829; d. July 29, 1829. 
Jona.G., May 15, 1830; m. Maud Camp- 

bell of N. Y. City; d. Mar. 2, 1S69. 
Loring Corthell, Sept. i8,i832;drowned 

Aug. 15, 1843. 
Abby, Nov. 8, 1835; d. Feb. 5. 1836. 
Benjamin Absalom, Oct. 25, 1836; m. 

Sarah Barrows of Worcester; res. in 

Eunice Kimberly, Sept. 29, 1838; d. 


Feb. 23, 1839. May 7, 186S, Geo. W. Beal of Co- 

Martha Proctor, July 25, 1841 ; adopted hasset. 

by Levi Corthell, her uncle; she m. 

BALLARD, Jeremiah, 1752-3. 

BANGS, Cephas, 1816; at Bloody Brook. 

1, BARDWEIvL, Robert, came from London, where he was an 
apprentice to a hatter in 1667; he learned here a new branch of the 
business, the making of wool hats; was a soldier in the famous 
swamp fight when the power of the Narragansets was broken, Dec. 
19? '675; Apr. 7, 1676, he was a sergt. under Capt. Turner, and sta- 
tioned with 44 men under him at Hat. ; he held the same office in the 
Falls fight; after the war he sett, in Hat., and set up a hatter's shop; 
d. Jan. 9, 1726. He m. Nov. 29, 1676, Mary, dau. AVilliam Gull; 
she d. Nov. 12, 1726. 

Ch.: Ebenezer, Oct. 19, 1679 (2). Joseph Belding. 

Mary, Oct. 15, 1681. Sarah, — ; m. May 19, 1713. Jona. Bar- 
John, Sept. 16, 1683; d. 1685. rett of Hart. 

Samuel, Sept. 26, 1685 (3). Thankful, — ; m. May 23, 1717, Abram 

John, Aug. 28, 16S7 (4). Graves. 

Elizabeth, July 30, 1689. Abigail, abt. 1699; m. June 6, 1720, 

Thomas, Dec. 8, 1691 (5). David Graves; d. 1786. 
Hester, Aug. 8, 1693; m. Oct. 23, 1717, 

2, Ebenezer, s. of Robert (i), b. 1679; sett, in What.; had a 
grant of 500 acres of land in the northwest part of Mont; d. July 13, 
1732. He m. Apr. 15, 1706, Mary, dau. Joseph Field of Sund. 

Ch.:\ Ebenezer, Sept. 10, 1707 (6). Jonathan, Jan. 5, 1718; per. d. young. 

Hannah, June 24, 1709. Abigail, Oct. 14, 1721; m. Noah Wells 

Joseph, 1711; outlived his father. of What. 

Remembrance, 1713 (7). Esther, Dec. 15, 1722; m. Daniel Mor- 

Esther, 1715; d. soon. ton of What. 

3, Samuel, s. of Robert (i), b. 1685; came to Dfd. 171 1; he sett. 
on the Dennis Stebbins lot. No. 39, where the family continued abt. 
90 yrs., keeping a tavern much of the time; d. Mar. 18, 1771. He 
m. Martha, dau. Edward Allen; she d. Feb. 11, 1778, a. 81. 

Ch.: Martha, Aug. 3, 1714; d. Aug. 8, Martha, Jan. 21, 1727-8; m. Sept. 4, 

1714. - 1753. Sam'l Stebbins of Gfd. 

Samuel, Aug. 25, 1715 (8). Medad, Mar. 18, 1729-30; d. Oct. 20, 

Silence, June 20, 171 7; d. June 25, 171 7. 1736. 

Hannah, " " " d. June 20, 1717, Joel, Oct. 24, 1732 (12). 

Sarah, Apr. 3. 1718; d. Apr. 6, 171S. Mary, Sept. 12, 1734; m. July 5, 1758, 

Aaron, Apr. 15, 1719; simple. Zadock Hawks. 

Enoch. Feb. 25, 1721-2 (9). Mercy, May 29, 1737; m. June 20, 1757, 

Gideon, July 20, 1724 (10). Ebenezer Wells. 
Eldad, Nov. 6, 1725 (11). 

4, John, s. of Robert (i), b. 1687; d. in Hat. May 25, 1728. He 
m. Mehitable, dau. Samuel Graves. 

Ch.: Moses, — ; m. Azubah ; she Joseph, 1713; sett, in Belchertown. 

m. (2) Ebenezer Morton of Hat. Sarah, Mar. 23, 1719; d. 1757. 


Martha, Oct. 27, 1720; m. David Waite. Amsdeii ; capt. in Rev. war; sett, in 

John, Oct. 2&, 1722. Belcheriovvn, where he was a very 

Jonathan, 1 724; m. Violet, dau. John prominent citizen. 

5, Thomas, s. of Rt)bert (1), b. 1691; satkiler; learned his trade 
of J.ieut. Thomas Taylor at Dfd., and with him rem to Nfd. in 1716; 
Taylor was drowned the next year, when ISardwell ret. to Dfd.; in 
17 18 he bought yl of one of the Dedham Committee's "Farm Lots" 
in the Neck, and in 1722, No. 37, the homestead of Hannah Bea- 
man, still in the family, and occupied by Mrs. C. P2. B. Allen; his 
shop stood just north of the house; he was a large farmer as well as 
saddler; d. Feb. 8, 1781. He m. June 16, 1722, Sarah, dau. John 
Belding of Hat.; she d. Jan. 12, 1783, a. 82. 

Ch.: Reuben, Nov. 2, 1723; m. Lucy, day. 

dau. [oscph Waite, and grand dau. of Son, b. and d. Nov 5, 1731. 

old Hen j. Waite of Hat.;Reul)en lived Rhoda, bap. Nov. 12, i 732; d.aii infant. 

only 3 nios. ; she m. (2) Feb. 2, 1750, John, Apr. 7, 1735 (13). 

Asahel Wright. ILuinah, Mar. 24, i73C)-7; d. in child- 
Lucy, Jan. 2S, 1725-6; m. Mar. 19, 1745, hood. 

Abner Sheldon; she m. (2) Oct. 31, Abigail, July 19, 1739; m. Dec. 8, 1757, 

1770, Maj. Henj. Day of W. Spfd. (?). Dr. Sam'l'Mattoon of Nfd. 

Sarah, Feb. 22, 1727-8; ni. Aug. 3,1747, Eunice, July 28, 1741: ni. Oct. 5, 1779, 

Amasa Sheldon of Her. Lldad Wright of Xfd. 

John, Oct. 2, 1729; d. Nov. 7, 1731. Thomas, bap. Dec. 16, 1744 (14). 
Child, twin to John; b. Oct. 4; d. same 

6, I'^.iiKNE/^KR, s. of I'lbenezer (2), b. 1707; Lieut.; setl. in What.; 
d. Nov. 14, 1789. He m. l^lizabcth (rillett. 

Ch.: Violet, Dec. 29, 1731. Perez, 1737 (16). 

Ebenezer, June 24, 1733(15). Samuel, 1739. 

Elizabeth, Feb. I735;m. Paul Belding. 

7, Rk.memi'.kanck, s. of Rbenezer (2), b. 1713; Lieut, in I'rench 
wars; Hat.; d. Mar. 13, 1828. He m. Hannah, dau. Ebenezer Dickin- 

C//..- Sarah, Aug. 30, 1743. Seth, Dec. 22, 1752; k. by lightning, 

Noah, Apr. 28, 1748. June 16, 1794. 

Hannah, Aug. 4, 1750. 

8, Saimukl, s. of Samuel (3), b. 17 15; he rem. to Mont. abt. 1750; 
helped to organize the town at the first town meeting, 1751. He m. 
Oct. 31, 1737, Anna, dau. Joseph Severance; the chair which she oc- 
cupied in the meetinghouse, in her old age, is now in Memorial Hall. 

Ch.: Medad, Aug. \, 1739; Mont. '779, Moses .\rms of Gfd. 

Son, 1741 ; d. in infancy. Tama, Sept. 14, 1751; m. Nhir. 28, 1776, 

Anna, Feb. 28, 1744: m. Moses Root of Elislia Nims. 

Mont. Reuben, Mar. 30, 1754(18). 

Job, Mar. 30, 1746 (17). Sul)mit, Aug. 9, 1759; m. Oct. 3, 1792, 

Catherine, Oct. 25, 174S: m. Nov. 11, Asahel Gunn. 

9, Knoch, s. of Samuel (3), b. 1722; rem. early to Mont, and as- 
sisted at the first town meeting in 1751; rem. to "Foxtown," Shel., 
before the Rev.; d. Sept. 22, 1817. He m. Dec. 5, 1745, Kxperience, 


dau. John Stebbins; (2) Dec. 24, 1793, Martha (Root) wid. of Moses 
Field of Nfd.; she d. Mar. 3, 181 3, a. 89. 

C'A..f Ebenezer, Aug. 23, 1746 (19). dosia Wolcott; disabled bj' being 

Enoch, Dec. i, 1748 (20). thrown fr. his horse, he spent a se- 

E.xperience, May 11, 1750; m. Mar, 21, vera winter night in the snow; he 

1771, Seth Howhind of Gill;(2) Seth survived a few days and d. Jan. 26, 

Lyman. 1806. 

Moses, 175- (21). Consider, Nov. 13, 1763(22). 
Elijah, 1760; m. Mar. 10, 1780, Theo- 

10, Gideon, s. of Samuel (3), b. 1724; rem. to Mont. 1759; d. Jan. 
10, 1814. He m. Dec. 26, 1752, Hannah, dau. Nath'l Hawks; shed. 
June I, 1799, a. 64. 

Ch.: Lydia, Apr. 27, 1753; d. 1776. 1789. 

Gideon, Dec. 15, 1754(23). Hannah. Nov. iS, 1760; m. Mar. 15, 
Samuel, June 18, 1757 (24). 1781, Sam'l Gunn of Mont. 

Lois, Dec. 13, 175S; m. Mar. 15, 1781, Elias, Feb. 9, 1763 (25). 

Solomon Clappof Mont. ; d. June 13, Joel, June 25, 1765; d. 1776. 

11, Eluad. s. of Samuel (3), b. 1725; succeeded his father on 
the old homestead and kept tavern; d. 1795. He m. Feb. 16, 1760, 
Ruth Oaks, prob. sis. Jona. of Sund.; she d. Aug. 13, 1813. 

Ch.: Eldad, Jan. 28, 1761; d. next day. Levina, Sept. 22, 1764; d, unm. Apr. 

Levina, Apr. 9, 1762; d. same day. 24, 1784. 

Eldad, Apr. 2, 1763 (26). Ruth, Apr. 4, 1766; d. the same day. 

12, Joel, s. of Samuel (3), b. 1732; grad. Y. C. 1756; studied for 
the ministry; sett, pastor at Kent, Ct., Oct. 28, 1758; was an ardent, 
out-spoken Whig, and thereby gave offence to his more conservative 
friends; Joel changed the family name to Bordwell, and for some 
generations it was usually pronounced Dandle and written Bordwell, 
Bordell, or Bordle; d. in office, Dec. 1811, after a pastorate of 53 
yrs. He m. Sept. 6, 1768, Jane, dau. of Rev. Samuel J. Mills of Tor- 
ringford, Ct. 

Ch.: Sarah Day, Oct. 6, 1769. Samuel, Oct. 23, 17S0; d. July 17,1783. 

Martha, Aug. 8, 1771. Betsey, June 4, 1782; d. Nov. 15, 1791. 

Jane Mills, bap. May 2, 1773. Lavina, July 2, 1784, 

Mills, a son, Sept. i, 1775. Samuel, bap. Sept. 17S6. 
Mary, Dec. 27, 1777. 

13, John, s. of Thomas (5), b. 1735; ^ prominent man in town; 
lived on the old homestead; trader and farmer; Rep. 1778-9; lieut. 
in Capt. Joseph Stebbins's company, which marched to assist in the 
capture of Burgoyne; d. Feb. 5, 1814. He m. Jan. 17, 1765, Mercy, 
dau. John Sheldon; she d. Oct. 30, 1798, a. 62; she was buried in the 
old burying ground, but rem. to the new, which was opened 1800. 

Ch.: Reuben, Apr. iS, 1766 (27). Andrew, Sept. 23, 1770(29). 

Henry, Sept. 2, 1767 (28). Robert, Apr. 9, (16?) 1772 (30). 

Mercy, Mar. 25, 1769; m. Aug. 2, 1787, Rhoda, Oct. 8, 1777; m. Dec. 4, 1803, 

Elihu Smead; rem. to Shel. Zenas Hawks. 

14, Thomas, s. of Thomas (5), b. 1744; was ist lieut. of the com- 
pany of minute men led by Capt. Jonas Locke to Cambridge, on the 
Lexington alarm; moved to Cheapside 1805; d. Sept. 20, 1826. He 


m. 1790, Catherine Seekins of Pelhain, a famous spinner of llax; she 
d. Nov. 21, 1855, a. 86. 

Ch.: Thomas, July 12, 1791 ; d. unm. at Son, b. and d. Feb. 4, 1798. 

Walpole, N. n., Nov. 3, 1870; buried Catherine. .Apr. 4, 1800; m. John Mat- 
in Dfd. toon of Nfd. 

Otis, Oct. 17, 1792 (31). Sarah, Jan. 27, 1802; m. John Poole of 

Caroline, May 19, 1794; m. 1816, Ralph Walpole. 

Arms. Dau., b. and d. July 11, 1804. 

Pamelia, Nov. 1 1, 1795; in. Dec. 2,iSiS, Geo. Townsden, June 11, 1805; simple; 

Geo. P. Field of Nfd. d. June 14, 1816. 

Miranda, Mar. 24, 1797; d. unm. at Son, b. and d. Apr. 25, 1807. 

Lynn, Dec. 24, 1876. Dau., b. and d. Feb. 20, iSio. 

15, EuENEZER, s. of Ebcnczer (6), b. 1733; lieut. 1798; lived on 
the tract set off fr. What, to Dfd. 1810; known as "Capt. (ieorge;" d. 
Dec. 31, 1818. He m. Apr. 24, 1760, Sarah, dau. James Tute of Dfd.; 
she d. Dec. 11, 1821, a. 87. 

CA.." John, Feb. i6,i76i;m.Feb. 5, 1792, Hannah, 1768; d. in infancy, or bap. 

Mary Rogers; rem. to N. Y. 1802. 1771, as below. 

Harriet, Oct. 16, 1762; d. young. Consider, 1769; rem. lo Hartford, Vt. 

Moses, Oct. 16, 1764; went to Vernon, Hannah, bap. June i, 1771; m. 'i'inio- 

Vt., where hisgrandfather Tute res. thy Edson. 

Asa, Nov. I, 1766; m. May 17,1791, Ma- Daniel, bap. Oct. 31, 1773; rem. to Tun 

ry, dau. Elisha Kelding. bridge, Vt. 

16, Perkz, s. of Ebenezer (6), b. 1737; lieut. in Rev. war; active 
in the mob which rescued Sam l^'.ly and one of the hostages for his 
release, (ante, p. 754) lived near What, line, uncertain which side; 
rem. to Wayne Co. N. Y., abt. 1790. He ni. Tabitha Hastings (?) 
of Hat. 

Ch.:\ Quartus, — ;asol. in the War of Waitstill, bap. May 28, 1775; m. 1797, 

1812; d. in the army. Eunice Gillet; sett, in Geneseo, N. 

Perez, ; sett, in York state. Y.; had a large family. 

Polly, bap. May 16, 1773. Joel, bap. Oct. 19, 1779; iS: prob. others. 

17i J"") s. of Samuel (8), b. 1746; rem. to Foxtown, thence to 
Zoar, aiid later to Otter Creek (?), N. Y. ; "Aunt Sylvia" character- 
ized him as a "man who made soap every washing day," and he pros- 
pered accordingly. He m. Sarali, dau. Jona. Root of Sund., b. 1751. 

Ch.:\ Salmatius, Elihu, Sarah, Polly, Rufus, Job, Patty, Dorcas. 

18, Reuben, s. of Samuel (8), b. 1754; bef. 1781 rem. to Shel.; 
d. Sept. 13, 1840. He m. May 7, 1778, Susanna, dau. W'm. Wilson 
of Mont.; she d. Jan. 10, 1828, a. 73. 

C/i..t Charlotte, Mar. 28, I779:m. Sept. Medad, Mar. 2, 1791; m. 1S15, Myra 

25, 1799, (?) Rufus Smead; d. Sept. Crosby of Shel. 

25, 1799- ^'i '^6 records in connection with this 

Clarissa, June 4. 1781; m. Mar. 1800, family appear three ch., supposed to 

Ebenezer Marsh. be grandch., viz. 

Lovina, June 9, 1783; m. Oct. 20, 1S13, Lucy, dau. Clarissa Marsh, Dec. 27, 

Joel Nims. 1801. 

Anna, Oct. 15,1784; m. Jan. 16, 1809, Lyndon A. Marsh, Feb. 6, 180-. 

Ira Barnard. ' Rollo Marsh, Apr. 6, 1806. 
Samuel, Mar. i, 1791 (32). 

19, Ebenezer, s. of Enoch (9), b. 1746; rem. to Shel. bef. the 


Rev.; sett, at Foxtown; d. Nov. 29, 1798. He m. Sept., 1771, Phi- 
lena, dau. Jona. Smead; she d. Oct. 4, 1805, a. 58. 

Ch.: Content, Mar. 14, 1773; m. July 9, Amasa, Sept. 2, 17S1; m. Rebecca Par- 
I795i William Joiner. sons of Mont., where he sett. 

Ebenezer, July 28, 1775 (33). Jona. Smead, Apr. 7, 1784 (35). 

Zenas, Jan. 30, 1777 (34). Experience, May 10, 17S9; m. May 18, 

Phileiia, Aug. 31, 1779: m. Jona. Eg- 1S20, Andrew Andrews of Dfd.; d. 

gleston of Waterbury, Vt. 18S5. 

20, Enoch, s. of Enoch (9), b. 1748; rem. to Foxtown during the 
Rev. ; d. Uec. 18, 1789. He m. Nov. 21, 1771, Abigail, dau. Jona. 
Wells; she prob. m. (2) Nov. 30, 1809, Jeremiah Foster. 

Ch.: Chester, Oct. 6, 1772 (36). nister) Whitney; she d. Aug. 13,1813. 

Robert, Oct. 21, 1774; d. May 5, 1847; Jonathan, Feb. 13, 1780. 

wife Hannah, d. Sept. 8, 1808, a. 24. Aseneth, Jan. 14, 1782; m. John Fellows 
Enoch, Aug. 24,1775; m. June 23, 1799, of Shel. 

Roxana, dau. Elisha Nims. Consider, Feb. 12, 1784; went West. 

Abigail, Jan. 24, 1777; m. Luther New- Elijah, Jan. 11, 17S6; d. s. p. Dec. 9, 

hall of Con. 18S3. 

Arad, Sept. 26, 1778; m. Julia Leland; Solomon, Apr. 27, 178S (37). 

shed. June 1808; (2) wid. Ruth(Ban- 

21, Moses, s. of Enoch (9), b. 175-; kept a boatmen's tavern at 
Mont. City. He m. Sept. 9, 1785, Sarah Ransom of Shel. 

Ch.:\ Elijah; Guy; Moses and Sarah, Enoch, Erastus, Fidelia, 
twins; Experience, Hiram, Ralph, 

22, Consider, s. of Enoch (9), b. 1763; sett, in Leyden; d. May 
25, 1819. He m. Nov. 17, 1791, Anna Benjamin; she d. Jan. 23, 

Ch.: Apollos, Jan. 13, 1792 (38). d. at Florence, May 5, 1S79. 

Hubbard B., Nov. 4, 1795; m. Lucretia Consider Stebbins, Apr. 28, 1807; m. 

Bliss; went South. Sept. 27, 1832, Mahala Willis; (2) 

Fanny F., June 27, 1799; m. Peter Bliss. Sarah, hersis ; (3) Minerva Kenney. 

Jarvis B., Jan. i, 1802; m. Sept. 27, Martha, Aug. 25, 1809; m. Joseph Mer- 

1832, Emily Merrill; she d. Aug. 30, rill of Shel.; d. Aug. 18, 1864. 

1843, a. 34; (2) Oct. 10, 1844, Betsey Samuel L., July 19, 1815; banker at 

Long; she d. Sept. 14, 1852; Pres. Belle Plain. Iowa; m, Ellen Tousley; 

Shel. Falls Bank. (2) Samantha Snovv;(3) Laura Smith. 
Ralph B., June 9, 1804; m. Amy Rice; 

23, Gideon, s. of Gideon (loj, b. 1754; sett, at Bardwell's Ferry; 
d. Sept. II, 1828. He m. Feb. 11, 1779, Keziah Foster. 

Ch.: Joel, Aug. 8, 1780(39). William E., Sept. 17, 1791 (40). 

Son, d. Feb. 11,1782. Loraine, Oct. 18, I794;d. Aug. 14, 1797. 

Meliscent,July 9,1783; m. Simeon Steb- Son, Dec. 29, 1797; d. same day. 

bins; went West. Hannah, — 6, 1799; m. Horace Hawks. 

Aaron, Nov, 8, 17S5; simple; d. Mar. Sally, Aug. 12, 1S04; m. Jan. 22, 1824, 

14, 1855. (?)Solomon Bardwell;(2) Lewis Long. 
Sarah, May 6, 1789; d. Dec. 25, 1789. 

24, Samuel, s. of Gideon (10), b. 1757; he was but two years old 
when his father rem. to Mont., but he always retained a distinct rec- 
ollection of this event; a large cupboard, he said, was laid back down 
in an ox cart, the doors opened, and the children were put into one 


end between the shelves, and the pigs into the other, and the jour- 
ney was made harmoniously; the cupboard has been handed down 
with the tradition, and will confirm the tale any day; Samuel was a 
prominent citizen of Mont., and d. Mar. 13, 1848. He m. Mar. 8, 
1781, Kditha Gunn; she d. May 30, 1847, a. 84. 

Ch.: Rodolpluis, Oct. 2, lySijm.Nov. Lois, Nov. 14, i7t;2; m. Oct. 5, 1822, 

15, 1804, Luciiuia Laribi; d. Jan. 2, Stephen Johnson. 

i860. Lucy, May 13, 1795; d. iinm. Mar. 25, 

Lydia, Feb. 28, 17S4; m. May 29, 1805, 1812. 

Spencer Root of Gfd. Lucretia, Jan. 3. 1801; m. William 

Arza, Apr. 25, 1786(41). Clark of Mont. ; (2) May 4, 1S36, Ai- 

Laurana, " " " m. Pliny Alvord, vin Childs of Dfd. 


25,, s. of Gideon (10), b. 17O3; sett, in C'ol.; ti. Oct. 20, 
1818. He m. Oct. 29, 1786, Irene, dau. Amos Allen. 

Ch.:\ Ira, Mar. i r, 17S7; d. s. p. Nov. Hawks, his 2d wife. 

13, 1823. Elias, Nov. 11, 1800; d. Sept. 23, 1862. 

Dorothy, Nov. 29, 1788; m. Samuel Ha.xter, Sejjt. 12, 1803; sett, on the old 

Picket of Gfd. homestead. 

Amos, Nov. 26, 1792; m. Minerva . Martha, Nov. 21, 1809; named in father's 

Irena,Feb.25,i798;m.Dan'l McClellan. will as fourth dau.; m. Dr. Bradley 

Triphena, Feb. 25, 1798; m. Horace Noyes of Piermont, N. H. 

26. Eldad, s. of Eldad (11), b. 1763; rem. to Con. aft. 1799. Hu 
m. Rachel, dau. Nathan Catlin. 

Ck.:\ Lavina, Apr, 6, 1785; d. Aug. 8, Child, July 1792; b. and d. same day. 

1787. Thankful, bap. Aug. 25, 1793; d. in 

Lavina, Aug. 7, 1787; d. at Con. Apr. Con. 1S04. 

12, 1811. Erastus Arms, bap. Aug. 5, i79S;and 

Eldad, May 25, 1788; d. same day. per. others. 
Erastus, bap. Oct. 3, 1790; d. soon. 

27i Reuben, s. of John (13), b. 1766; trader; rem. Con., 1793; 
to Geneva, N. Y., 1806; to Phelps, 1808; to Vienna, 1814; to Ikigh- 
ton, 1 818; to Rochester, 1823; d. there Dec. 19, 1851. He m. Dec. 
20, 1792, Sally, dau. Joseph Smead; she d. Apr. 7, 1847, 

Ch.: Sally, Oct. 6, 1793; d. Dec. 16, Edward, July 10, 1804. 

1800. Marshall, Apr. 28, 1806; d. Sept. 27, 

John, Nov. 27, 1794; d. Aug. 30, 1S22. 1806. 

Mary Ann, Dec. 4, 1796; m. Feb. 28, Caroline Sheldon, Apr. 18, 180S: d. Oct. 

1818, Horace D. Williamsot Phelps. 13, 1825. 

Butler, July 8, 1798; sett, in Rochester. Louisa Smead, Aug. 14, iSio;m. Dec. 

Son, Feb. 8, 1800; d. Feb. 13, 1800. 30, 1840, Wm. Burke. 

Sarah, May 6, 1S02; d. Jan. 1803. Jane Maria, Mar. i, 1813. 

28. Hknry, s. of John (13), b. 1767; sett, on the old home- 
stead; d. Feb. 14, 1827. He m. Sept. 22, 1807, Rhoda W., dau. 
Capt. Reuben Smith of Nfd. ; she d. Feb. 13, 1818, a. 43; (2) Nov. 
18, 1819, Judith, dau. Caleb Allen; she d. Apr. 9, 1849, a. 72. 

Ch.: Catherine Elizabeth, Aug. 9, 1812; m. Jan. 5, 1S42, Caleb Allen. 

29. Andrew, s. of John (13), b. 1770; comb-maker; sett, on No. 
42; rem. abt. 1816 to Guilford, \\..\ d. Feb. 27, 1853. He m. Nabby 
Kimberly of New Haven; she d. May i, 1815. 


Ch.: Silas Kimberly, Mar. 31, 1S06; d. Lester, July 29, 1812; he was adopted 

June 13, 1815. by Clarissa Dickinson. 

William, Jan. 2, i8og; d. s. p. 

30, Robert, s. of John (13), b. 1772; Ens. 1797; wholesale and 
retail trader, with store at Cheapside; Nov. 4, 1808, he advertises 
the arrival of the "Sloop Flying Fish, at the Cheapside landing, with 
a cargo of salt and plaster of paris;" none but a flying fish could find 
its way there now; he removed to (iuilford, Vt., where he manu- 
factured condjs; d. May 5, 1847. He m. Dec. 30, 1802, Pamelia, 
dau. Col. Thomas W. Dickinson; she d. Feb. 24, 1841, a. 61. 

Ch.: Frances Pamelia, Sept. 26, 1S04; Robert Dickinson, Feb. 6, 1811; sett, in 

d. unm. May i, 1869. Troy, N. Y. 

Clarissa, July 26, 1S07; d. in Guilford, Charles, July 15, 1816; d. at Claremont. 

May 31, 1833. N. H.^ Mar. 10, 1S76. 

31, Oris, s. of Thomas (14), b. 1792; sett, in Walpole, N. H.; d. 
Mar. 27, 1871. He m. Dec. 23, 1S18, Abigail Foster of Keene; she 
d. Oct. 14, 1S35; (2) Oct. 14, 1839, Mary, sis. of Abigail; shed. Dec. 
13, 1875. 

Ch.:\ Abigail Foster. Harriet Otis, July 20, 1829. 

Catherine. Sarah Bellows, Jan. 13, 1832; m. May 

Mary Ann, Sept. i, 1826; m. Feb. 23, i, 1867, H. H. Eaton;d. Feb. 21, 1876. 
1847, Edward F. Cook. 

32, Samuel, s. of Reuben (18), b. 1791; Shel.; d. Apr. 4, 1843. 
He m. May 6, 181 1, Lucy, dau. Adonijah Atherton; she d. Apr. 24. 

Ch.: Osmyn Otaway, Oct. 4, iSii. Ann Barnard, Aug. 7, 1821; adopted- 

33, Ebenezer, s. of Ebenezer (19), b. 1775; sett, in Shel. He 
m. Mar. 27, 1803, Roxalana, dau. Artemas Cushman of Ber. 

Ch.: Clymena, May 9, i8o4;d. inGfd., Aseneih Wilcox. 

Feb. 22, 1852. Henry Williams, May 4, 1814. 

Philena Smead, Oct, 5, 1806; d. in Gfd., Sarah, July 16, 1817; m. Mar. 23, 1843, 

Dec. 21, 1847. James Avery of Gfd. 

Roxalena C, Apr. 12, 1809; m. June 3, Fanny M., Nov. 2, 1821; d. Mar. 16, 

1850, Wm. C. Goss of Winch.", N. H. 1844. 
Lucius E., Aug. 29, 1811 ; m. Mar. 1S41, 

34, Zenas, s. of Ebenezer (19), b. 1777; Shel. He m. Aug. 5, 
1798, Susan Fellows; d. Mch. 2, 1852. 

Ch.: Ebenezer, Jan. 16, 1799. Wright. 

Emerency, Feb. 15, 1803; m. Feb. 15, Orestus, Mar. 18, 1812. 

1826, Joseph Wright. Adeline, Apr. 23, 1814; m. Edward 

John, Oct. 5, 1806. Skinner. 

Mary Ann, Dec. 14, 1S09; in. Leonard Robert B., Nov. 23, 1817: d. May 4,1818. 

35, J(iNATHAN S., s. of Ebenezcr (19), b. 1784; sett, at Shel.; d. 
Jan. 21, 181 1. He m. abt. 1807, Polly Long; she d. Oct. 20, 1809. 
a. 21; (2) Jan. 4, 1811, her sister, Peggy. 

Ch.:\ Lysandcr L., Apr. ii, 1S09. Aaron L., Sept. 17, 1811. 


Polly, Mar. 28,i8i5;m. Hugh Wallace. Adeline, ; m. — Avery. 

Amelia S.,Aug. 24,1817; m. O.G.Clark. Helen, ; m. — Johnson. 

Selinda M., Feb. i, iSso; m. Dr. Young. 

36. Chp:ster, s. of Enoch (20), b. 1772; Shel. He m. Oct. 17, 
1788, Mary Hannuni; b. Mar. 16, 1764; d. May 25, 1851. 

Ch.:\ Gratia, Mar. 5, 1790; m. Dec. 31, De.xter, Nov. 24, 1794; d. Jan. 2, 1795. 

1809. Nathan Newhall. (?) Olin, Aug. 24, 1796; m. Feb. 19, 1S24, 

Son, May 27, 1791; d. in two days. Dolly, dau. Hilkiah Hawks. 

Statyra,Feb.28, 1793; m. Timothy Rice Rheta, July 20, 1798; d. Oct. 13, 1803. 

of Con. 

37. Solomon, s. of Enoch (20), b. 1788; Shel.; d. June 19, 1827. 
He m. Dec. 11, 181 7, Rebecca Fisk;she d. Jan. 2, 1823; (2) Jan. 22, 
1824, Sally, dau. (rideon l^ardwell; she m. (2) Lewis Long. 

Ch.:\ Infant son; d. Sept. 15, 1818. Chas. A. Bardwell. 

Chilli, Mar. 17, 1S20; d. next day, Rebecca, Dec. 22, 1822; d. Jan. 7, 1823. 

Fidelia, Jan. 28, 1S21 ; m. Oct. 1 1, 1843, Robert, Nov. 20, 1824; d. Dec. 15, 1824. 

38. Ai'oi.i.os, s. of Consider (22), b. 1792; d. Nov. 18, 1880. He 
m. Nov. 27, 1817, Lucinda Long; she d. Feb. 4, 1876, a. 80. 

Ch.: Consider, Dec. to, 1S21; d. May 1849, Roger W. Allen. 

27, 1828. Edwin Augusta, May 21, 1830. 

Apollos, Feb. 29, 1823. Darwin Augustus, " " 
Leonora C, Jan. 9, 1826; m. Feb. 15, 

39. JoHL, s. of Gideon (23), b. 1780; Shel.; d. Mar. 9, 1849 '1<^ 
m. Dec. 19, 1806, Betsey Long; she d. May 26, 1807, a. 29; (2) Jan. 
19, 1809, Lydia Newhall of Ct. ; she d. Oct. 5, 1S65, a. 86y., int., 24(1. 

Ch.: Retscy Long, Apr.2,i8io;(m.June Lydia L., July 17, 1817; m. June 4, 

3, 1830. Winslow Clark?) 1840, Ira \V. Barnard. 

Orsimus O., Mar. 28, 1812; m. June 2, Joel L., Oct. 17, 1818; d. Feb. 3, 1822. 

1836, Tirza Ann Jones. Joel L., July 14, 1822; d. F^eb. 24, 1S23. 

Meliscent, Dec. 12, 1814; m. Nov. 13, Kexiah F., Mar. 20, 1824; m. Nov. 6, 

1836, Alvah Hawks of Dfd. 1849, Elijah Page of Con. 

40. WiLLi.-vM E., s. of (Gideon (23), b. i79t; Shel. He m. Me- 
linda Wait; she d. Oct. 22, 1830, a. 39; (2) Feb. 3, 1831, Emily, dau. 
Selah Severance. 

Ch.: Keziah F., Oct. 7, 1815; d. July 4, Joel, June 20, 1823; m. Apr. 9, 1851, 

1823. Melinda Hawks. 

Melinda O., May 22, 1817; m. Apr. 2, Gideon, May 27, 1825; d. Feb. 16, 1826. 

1840, Francis C. Fisk of Shel. Marietta M., Mar. 18, 1827. 

William H., June 7, 181 9. Sarah A., May 20, 1830; m. Ian. i, 1 85 i, 

Oscar, June 3, 1821; m. Jan. 10, 1852, Nathaniel W. Sherwin. 
Hannah Peck. 

41. Akza, s. of Samuel (24), b. 1786; sett, in Mont.; d. Oct. 12, 
1875. He m. Lucretia, dau. Samuel Wrisley of Mont. 

Ch.: Martha C, Nov. 14, 181 5; m. Wm. Lois Isabella, Feb. 3, 1831; m. Nov. 21, 

Clapp of Mont. 1850, Humphrey Stevens of Gfd. 

Samuel Dwight, Jan. 21, 1819; res. at Lucy Augusta, Dec. 20, 1834; d. May 

Shel. Falls. 1855, a. 22. 

Warren, Oct. 28, 1820; sett, in Mont. 



1, BARNARD, Francis; maltster at Hart., 1644; was one of 
the' first sett, of Had., 1659, also of Dfd., 1673; retired to Had. in 
Philip's war, where he d. Feb. 3, 1698, a. 8r. He m. bef. Aug. 15, 
1644, Hannah Marvin; (2) Aug. 21, 1677, Frances, dau. Nathaniel 
Foote, wid. of John Dickinson. 

C/i.:\ Hannah, abt. 1646; m. Oct. 17, 
1669, Dr. John Westcarrof Had., who 
d. Sept., i675;she m. (2) Oct. 9, 16S0, 
.Simon Beaman; rem. to Dfd., 1683, 
he became a garrison soldier, and she 
the school dame; both were cap. 1704, 
but came back from Canada; she be- 
queathed her lands for the benefit 
of the schools of Dfd.. the first in- 

stance of the kind in this part of the 
state; her will was made in 1723; she 

d. May 13. 1739- 
loseph, 1641 (2). 
Thomas (3). 
Samuel, 1654 (4). 

John; k. with Capt. Lothrop, 1675. 
Sarah, (prob.) who d. 1676. 

2, Joseph, s. of Francis (i), b. 1641; tailor, surveyor, farmer; one 
of the foremost in the permanent settlement of the town; was Re- 
corder for the Proprietors, the first Town Clerk, and Clerk of the 
Writs in 1690; wounded by Indians at Indian Bridge Aug. 18, 1695, 
and d. Sept. 18; his gravestone bears the oldest date of any in the 
old burying yard. He m. Jan. 13, 1675, Sarah, dau. Elder John 
Strong of Nhn.; she m. (2) Sept. 23, 1698, Capt. Jona. Wells, the boy 
hero of the Peskeompskut fight; she d. Feb 10, 1733-4, a. 77. 

C/i.: John. Nov. 19, 1676 (5). 

Sarah, Dec. 30, 1677; m. Mar. 29, 1700, 
Thos. Wells. 

loseph, Oct. 13, 1679; d. Aug. 8, 16S1. 

Joseph, June 20, 1681 (6). 

Thomas, Mar. 13, 1683; was in the 
Meaaow fight, 1704; sett, in Leba- 
non, Ct.; d. bef. Sept. 30, 1717. 

Samuel, Dec. i, 16S4 (7). 

Hannah, 1685; m.July 9,1709 — bySam- 

uel Porter, Esq. — Samuel Childs. 

Rebecca, 1686; m. Mar. 3, 1718, Jona. 
Wells, Jr. 

Abigail, Oct. 3, 1691; m. May 6, 1720, 
Ebenezer Wells; no ch. 

Thankful, 1694; m. Dec. 3, 1714, Eben- 
ezer Sheldon ; lived 20 yrs. in the old 
Indian house, then rem. to Ber.' 

Ebenezer, Mar. 13, 1696 (3), posthu- 
mous. • 

3, Thomas, s. of Francis (i); H. C, 1679; sett, colleague pas- 
tor with Francis Dane, at Andover, in 1682; he d. Oct. 13, 17 18; was 
succeeded by his son John in 1719. He m. Dec. 14, 1686, Elizabeth, 
dau. of Theodore Price; she died Oct. 10, 1693; (2) May 28, 1696, 
Abigail Bull; she d. Aug. 19, 1702; (3) July 20, 1704, Lydia Goff. 

C/i.:-\ Thomas, Oct. 20, 16S8; m. Ra- 
chel (prob.) Lindall; he d. I7i6;she 
m. (2) Samuel Barnard of Dfd. and 

John, Feb. 26, 1690; H. C.i709;pastorat 
Andover, 1719; d. in office June 14, 
1757; two of his ch. were in the min- 
istry— Thomas, b.1714; H.C. 1732; or- 

dained at Newbury, 1739; sett, over 
the First ch. in Salem, 1755; d. Aug. 
15. '77^'; Edward, b. 1721; H. C. 
1736; ordained 1743; sett, at Haver- 
hill; d. 1774. 
Theodore, Feb. 6, 1692; clothier at 
Andover; d. Feb. 16, 1725. 

4, Samuel, s. of Francis (i), b. 1654; Hat, ; freeman 1678; captain; 
d. Oct. II, 1728. He m. Oct. 30, 1678, Mary, dau. George Colton 
of Longmeadow; she d. Mar. 4, 1709, a. 58. 

Ch.: Mary Aug. 11, 16S1; m. 1698, 1742. 

Moses Cook. John, May 6, 1688; was in the Mead- 
Hannah, June 8, 1684; m. 1715, John ow fight. 

Marsh; d. 1716. Sarah, Aug. 17, 1691. 
Samuel, Mar. 29, 1686; d. s. p., Nov. 5, 


5, Ji>HN, s. of Joseph (2), b. 1676; doctor; was of Lel)anon 1706, 
later of Had., where he d. Mar. 6, 1726. He m. Oct. 23, 1706, 
Bridget, dau. C'apt. Aaron Cook of Had.; she in. (2) Sept. 24, 1730, 
Dea. Samuel Dickinson of Shutesbury; she d. Aug. 31, 1762, 

C/i..j; Thotnas, 1707; Doctor in Tol- Joanna, Oct. i, 1715; in. 1735, Enos 

land, Ct.; living there in 1763. Nash of Sund. 

Bridget, Sept. 30, 170S; m. 1729, Jona. Francis, Nov. i, 1717; d. Jan. 5, 1711J. 

Burt of Dfd. Joseph, Jan. 1, 1720 (10). 

Sarah, Feb. 2, 1710; m. Aug. 12,1730, Francis, Oct. 6, 1721 ; of Windsor, 1771 ; 

Thomas remple. of Simsbury, Ct., 1781. 

Abigail, Mar. 14, 1712; m. May, 1740, Rebecca, May 18, 1724; unm. 1763. 

.'\aron Cook of Had. Edward, who was a captain at Wind- 
John, Dec. 12, 1713 (9). sor, 1771. 

6, losKPH, s. of Joseph (2), I). 1O81; cordwainer; sett, at \Vind. 
He ni. .\l)igail Grisvvold. 

C/i.:\ Sarah, Sept. 23, 1707. Atherton, 173C). 

Joseph, Mch. 19, 1708. David, Nov. 3, 1714; d. May 1719. 

Ebenezer, Sept. 8, 1710. Frances, Sept. 9, 1719. 

Ann, Feb. 28, 1712; prob. m. Adonijah 

7, Samukl, s. of Joseph (2), b. 1684; in the Meadow fight, 1704, 
Captain in Father Rasle's war; Justice of the Peace, 1723; after the 
death of his wife and ch. he rem. to Salem, where he amassed a fort- 
une in trade; d. Nov. 21, 1762; by his will, made June 20, 1755, he 
gave to the poor of Dfd. and Salem, ^j^ioo, for the benefit of "such 
as do not receive aid from the towns;" to the chh. in Salem ^60, in 
Dfd. ^100, in Cfd. ^40, these sums to be "in plate, which is not to 
be divided with any that may in after titnes go off from either of 
them." He gave to other parties, in cash, ^386, and life annuities 
to the amount of ^85; gave 400 acres of land towards an academy, 
"which is proposed to be set up in Hadley or some other town;" 1935 
acres more are divided among his nephews. But the bulk of his 
real estate in the Ct. Valley, v.-hich included the "Willard home- 
stead," he gave to his nephew Joseph, s. of Ebenezer, "to be to him 
during his life, and after his decease to his son Samuel, and to the 
heirs male of his body, lawfully begotten forever." .Ml his "lands, 
buildings and wharfs in Salem and Danvers," he gave to the same 
Joseph, "during his life, and after his decease to his son Ebenezer, 
and to his heirs;" in default of heirs this goes to "Samuel, his broth- 
er, and to his heirs and assigns forever;" provision was made in case 
of the failure of the proposed scheme for an academy, and the fail- 
ure of legal heirs of Samuel, that a large amtjunt be used for tlie 
"conversion of the heathen, particularly those called the Six Na- 
tions." To prepare the boys thus selected to found a grand heredi- 
tary landed gentry they were at once sent to H. C, where they 
were graduated in 1766 — Ebenezer, 21, studied medicine; Samuel, 
19, studied law; what became of the large Essex Co. estate does not 
appear, but Dr. Ebenezer died insolvent, 1791; the broad meadows 
and great tracts of wild land left "Lawyer Sam," had nearly or quite 
melted away at his removal to Vermont, in 1795; the idea of earn- 
ing or saving was prob. no part of their education, and this finan- 
cial result followed as a matter of course; Samuel m. at Roxbury, May 
22, 1 7 18, Sarah Wdliams; she d. at Dfd., Aug. 4, 1720; (2) May 29, 


1723, Rachel, (prob. Lindall) wid. of his cousin, Thomas Barnard; 
she d. Aug. 30, 1743, a. 56; (3) Elizabeth, dau. Rev. William Wil- 
liams of Hat.; she d. Nov. 9, 1753, a. 46; (4) Aug 21, 1756, Kather- 
ine, wid. of Rev. Samuel Dexter of Dedham, and mother of Samuel 
Dexter, so noted in the history of that town. 

Ch.: Samuel, July 23, 1720: d. Aug. 4, 1720, at Dfd. 

8, Ebenezer, s. of Joseph (2), b. 1696; clothier; set up his busi- 
ness in Roxbury when 21; came back to Dfd. abt. 1732; in 1737 the 
town voted him leave to "fence a piece for a garden and a place to 
put up his tenterhooks" on that part of the sequestered land in front 
of the house of the late Ephraim Williams; he continued his trade 
here and d. July 20, 1764. He m. Sept. 29, 17 15, Elizabeth, dau. of 
James and Anna Foster of Roxbury; he was 19 and she 20; she d. 
Aug. 4, 1753, a. 58; (2) Aug. 20, 1754, Mary (Hitchcock) wid. of 
Sam'l Taylor and Daniel Arms; she d. June 17, 1787, a. 87; in the 
marriage contract with Wid. Arms, a list of "What Household Goods 
or utensils Mrs. Mary Arms Bro't with her when she came to me," 
was made. It is given for the benefit of such women as may be "get- 
ting ready;" "A feather bed, 2 bolsters, 2 pillows, suite of curtains, 
good Rugg, bedstead and cord, one underbed; one coverlid, 7 pr 
sheets, 6 pillow covers, two bolster cases, 3 blankets, [hare Rops (?)] 
5 table cloths, 8 napkins, a chest of drawers, a round table, a Dress- 
ing do, 3 }4 pint bottles, a Broken flowered earthern Pitcher, pint 
mug and sawser, i Large iron pot and iron Potlid, i trammel, 3 
Large puter dishes, 2 small do., i Qt. pot, 3 puter plates, one very 
large puter bason, i tinn tea-pot, 2 qt. Basons, i Pint do. 3 pewter 
spoons, stone chamber pot, a chest without draws and lock and key, 
a small looking glass, a Little (rreat wheal, and old Little wheal. 
The above mentioned goods Rec'd at the time of our Intermarriage, 
Aug. 20, 1754. 

Per me Eben'r Barnard." 

Ch.: Joseph, Feb. 22, 1717(11). Saxton. 

Ebenezer, Feb. 7, 1719; d. Jan. 31, Elizabeth, 1731; m. June i, 1749, Na- 

1736-7. than Frary. 

Samuel, Oct. 28, 1721 (12). Anna Foster, Apr. 25. 1733; d. May 

Abner, Jan. 13, 1723-4 (13). 30. 1744. 

Salah, Jan. 27, 1725 (14). Lemuel, Oct. 26, 1735 (15). 
Rebecca, 1728; m. Dec. 13, 1759, David 

9, John, s. of John (5), b. 17 13; sol. in old French wars; was one 
of the original settlers of Road Town, abt. 1739; he rem. to Shel. 
abt. the time of Rev., and fr. him sprang the Barnards of that town, 
or many of them; d Dec. 8, 1785. [For the history of this John and 
his descendants, 1 am largely indebted to W. O. Taylor of Shelburne 
Falls.] He m. Oct. 9, 1743, Ruth, dau. John Catlin of Dfd.; she d. 
Dec. 19, 1785, a. 64. 

Ch.:\ John. Oct. 31, 1744 (16). Sarah, July 5, 1754. 

Ruth, Apr. 29, 1746; d. Oct. 26, 1781. David, Oct. 12, 1756 (18). 

Elizabeth, Dec. 22, 1748; m.1770, Dan'l Joanna, Jan. 26, d. Oct. 7, 1768. 

W. VVilderof Shel.; d. Nov. 28, 1809. Francis. Dec. 6, 1758. 

Abigail, Jan. 6, 1751; d. Dec. 1813. Elisha, July 28, 1763 (19). 
Samuel, Oct. 12, 1752 (17). 


lOi Joseph, s. of John (5), b. 1720, blacksmith in Sund. ; fr. there 
rem. in 1787, to that part of Dfd., since set off to What.; d. Dec. 
1800 or 1801. He m. Nov. i, 1749, Esther, dau. Benj. Church of 
Had.; (2) Jan. 11, 17S0, Sarah, dau. Benj. Worcester, wid. of John 
H. Cummings; she d. Jan. 29, 1813, a. 82. 

C/i.:\ Ebenezer, Oct. 2, 1752 (20). Moses, Feb. 13, 1757; bled to death fr. 

Hannah, Dec. 15, 1754; m. Jona. Hub- a wound by a scythe in 1778. 

bard. Joseph, Auj^. 27, 1759. 

Ill Josi'.i'ii, s. of Ebenezer (8), b. 17 17; commissioned capt. 1759, 
but generally known as "Ensign Barnard;" lived in the house of his 
uncle Samuel, on No. 32; served in several campaigns during the 
French and Indian wars; received in 1763, a large estate for life fr. 
his uncle Samuel; fr. this he built the "Willard House," which was 
occupied by his son Samuel; he engaged largely in trade, importing 
goods which were brought here fr. Salem by teams; under a commis- 
sion fr. his uncle Samuel, he employed people here in weaving duck 
for the maritime trade; he was prominent in town affairs, selectman 
15 years, treasurer nearly as long, and fdled many other places of 
honor and trust; a prominent Whig in politics; d. Dec. 19, 1785. He 
m. Sept. 25, 1740, Thankful, dau. Ebenezer Sheldon of Dfd. and 
Ber.; she was b. and brought up in the "old Indian house;" after "a 
slow fever of 21 days" she d. Nov. 3, 1772, a. 53. 

C/i.: Joseph, Apr. 25, 1741 (21). of affairs; rem. to .Shel. abt. 17S0, 

Sarah, Mar. 25, 1742; m. abt. 1764, Ste- where he was town Ireas. many yrs. ; 

phen Jones of Machias, Me. U. S. Col lector of E.xcise, in the 8th 

Ebene/.er, June 11, 1744; d. in infancy. Mass. Uisirict, under the act of Con - 

Ebenezer, Apr. 30, 1745; grad. H. C, gress of July 14, 1798; m. Lydia.dau. 

i766;studied medicine with his uncle of Remembrance Sheldon; she d. 

Lemuel at Sheff. ; practiced in Dfd.; Dec. 31, 1795, a. 50; (2) Apr. 1797, 

lived on No. 16, the "Fogg place," Lucy, wid. Rev. Robert Hubbard, 

where he d. s. p. Apr. 14, 1790; m. abt. minister of Shel. ; she d. Nov. 6,1823, 

1772, Sally Ingersoll of Great Bar- a.68,after being many yrs. deranged; 

rington, who survived him. he d. s. p. Aug. 14, 1821. 

Samuel, Nov. 24, 1746 (22). Rachel, Dec. 29, 1755; d. Nov. if), 1772, 

Theodore, Nov. 4, 174S; trader and man "after a slow fever of 17 days." 

12. Samuel, s. of Ebenezer (8), b. 172 1; capt. of militia; clerk in 
the company of Capt. Samuel Childs in the old French war; sergt. 
in the campaign of 1759; sett, at iiloody Brook bef. 1757; d. June 
10, 1788. He m. Nov. 7, 1749, Elizabeth, (Hitchcock), wid. of Da- 
vid Wright; (2) July 11, 1771, Hannah, dau. Nath'l Mattoon of Nfd.; 
she d. Mar. 26, 1777, a. 45; (3) Dec. 1778, Eleanor (Warriner), wid. 
of Azariah Cooley; she m. again Dec. 20, 1789, Nathan l''rary and d. 
Sept. 7, 1819. 

C^i.: Hannah, May 23, 1772; bro't up "Uncle Josh." 

by her grandfather Maltf)on at Nfd.; Lucy, Feb. 12, 17S0; m. Aug. i, 1S16, 
ni Feb. 3, 1803, Elijah Williams, Quartus Wells. 

13, Abner, s. of Ebenezer (8), b. 1724; clothier; sett, in Nhn.; 
d. of the small pox Jan. 13, (his birthday) 1797. He m. June r, 1749, 
Rachel, dau. John Catlin-; she d. Dec. 11, 1790, a. 60. Family recoril 
incomplete and uncertain. 


Ch.:\ Anne. Hams. 

Abner, ; d. s. p. abt. i776atSheff. Samuel, ; Rev. sol. 1779. 

Sylvester, abt. 1758 (23). Lucinda, ; m. Nathan Blake; (2) 

Israel, July 29, 1760; m. Theodosia Thomas Bull. 

Lyman. Julius. 
Rachel, July 23, 1762; m. Edw'd Wil- 

14i Salah, s. of Ebenezer (8), b. 1725; prominent in war and 
peace; sol., trader, farmer; was a private under Capts. Phineas Ste- 
vens and John Hawks in the old French war; in the last French war 
was lieut. of rangers under Capt. John Burke, in the regt. of Col. 
Joseph Frey; also lieut. under Capt. John Catlin, in Col. Wm. Wil- 
liams's regt., and succeeded Catlin on his death, Sept. 24, 1758; in 
1759 he had a company in the regt. of Col. Timothy Ruggles, and 
served to the close of the war, coming home with the commission of 
major. For an account of his narrow escape after the capture of Fort 
William Henry, ante, p. 651. He kept tavern and store on No. 29, 
the Frary lot, and built the south part of the house now standing 
there; was landlord when Arnold stopped here on his way to "Old 
Ti," 1775; he d. Dec. 22, 1795. He m. May 30, 1765, Elizabeth, dau. 
Jeremiah Nims, who lived next door; when Barnard called at Nims's 
for a neighborly good-bye on going to the war, a little girl was lying 
in the cradle, and he said to the mother, "Keep her until the wars 
are over, and 1 will marry her." When the war-worn sol. came back 
and settled down "a bacheldor and lived by himself," this remark 
was called to mind and the prudent uK^ther used to send the said 
maiden over in a. neighborly way to look after the major's rooin and 
keep things tidy in these bachelor quarters; in due time the major 
was reminded of his promise and he fulfilled it; Elizabeth survived 
him a long time and d. Jan. 13, 1827, a. 82. 

C/i.: Ebenezer, Feb. 28, 1766(24). Henry Barnard. 

Elizabeth, Nov. 26, 1767; m. Apr. i, Experience, Mar. 22, 1779; m. 1810, 

1787, James Upham. Samuel Mather. 

Erastus, Dec. 19, 1768 (25). Elihu, July 21, 1781; d. Mar. iS, 1782. 

Electa, " " " m. Apr. 3, 1791. Selah, Sept. 28, 1783; m. Sept. 17, 1803, 

Calvin Faxton. Dorothy, dau. Othniel Taylor; (2) 

Elihu, Aug. 8, 1772; d. June 20, 1775. Martha, rem. to N. Y. 

Eunice, Dec. 1774; m. July 21, 1799, Lemuel, July 31, 1785 (25). 

15, Lemuel, s. of Ebenezer (8), b. 1735; grad. Y. C. 1759; doct.; 
sett, in Sheffield; lived later in Great Barrington, Sund., Orange and 
NV'arwick, where he d. Sept. 13, 1817. He m. Feb. 16, 1764, Eliza- 
beth, dau. Dr. Thomas Williains; ^he d. in Sund., Nov. 25, 1804, a. 63, 

Ch.: f Henry, abt. 1769; lawyer; m.July at Warwick, Oct. 3, 1857, a. 83; no ch. 

21,1799, Eunice, dau. Salah Barnard; Nancy Foster, — ; d. unm.Mar. 3, 1853. 

d. at Warwick, J une 26, 1852; she d. Per. Clarissa and others. 

I61 John, s. of John (9), b. 1744; rem. fr. Shutesbury to Shel., 
where he was deacon. He m. May 3, 1774, Mary, dau. James Rider 
of Did. (?). 

Ch.: Joanna, Nov. 18, 1774; d. July 23, Moses, July 14, 1782; d. July 29, 1782. 

1777. Aaron, " " " " " 14, 

Mary, Feb. 6, 1777; d. July 30, 1777. John, Oct. 31, 1783; d. July 26, 1785. 

Mary, June 14, 1778. John, Aug. 12, 1786; d. Feb. 10, 1788. 

Clarissa, Sept. 3, 1780; d. July 28, 1782. Rufus-, Mar, 1791. 


17. Samuel, s. of John (9), b. 1752; sett, in Shel.;cl. Nov. 3, 1809. 
He m. Nov. 26, 1782, Abigail Fisk. 

C'/t.:\ Ebenezer, Nov. 30, 1783. Joanna, Apr. 24, 1787. 

Ruth. Jan. 28, 1785; d. Apr. 13, 1789. "Philena, Feb. 4. 1789. 

18. David, s. of John (9), b. 1756; sett, in Shel.;(l. June 6, 1834. 
He ni. Mar. 4, 1773, Khoda, chiu. David .Mien of Hardwick; she d. 
Oct. 13, 1815, a. 50; (2) May 12, 181 8, Keziah Allen. 

C/i.: Betsey, Oct. 30, 1783; d. Nov. 30, Apollos, Nov. 6, 1795 (31). 

1788. Luther, Mar. 24, 1798; d. Sept. 26, 1843. 

Ira, Oct. 13, 1785 (27). Calvin, Nov. 21, i8oi;d. Aiijif. 19, 1S03, 

Dorinda, Sept. 24, 1787; d. 1833. Calvin, Auu;. 4, 1805; m. Mary, dau. 

Allen, Jan. 4, 1790 (28). Joel Nims; d. at Lyme, ()., 1876. 

Anson, Feb. 22, 1792(29). Betsey, Aiitf. 25, 1809; m. Worthinjjton 

David, Mar. 17, 1794 (30). Nims. 

19. Ei.isHA, s. of John (9), b. 1763; sett, in Shel.; d. Sept. 17, 
1845. Hem. Feb. 18, 1790, Naomi, dau. Moses Chandler; shed. 
Jidy 4, 1796, a. 28; (2) Prudence Hunt, b. Oct. 24, 1767; d. Jan. 21, 
•^30; (3) l^ec. 25, 1834, Dorcas Waite. 

C//.: Eliel,Apr. 12, 1791; d. May 2,1793. Sylvester, July 23, 1803; m. C^lymena 

Eliel, May 8, 1793; d. younij. Ludden. 

Elisha, June 5, 1796; d. Apr. 29, 1797. Eliel, Mar. 26, 1805. 

Naomi, Nov. 13, 179S; m. ^L•lr. 15, 1820, Elisha, Oct. 20, 1807; per. m. Sarah 

Rodolphus Alvord. Rice. 

Samantha, Mar. 4, 1800. Achsah P., Oct. 25, 1810; m. Apr. 14, 

Prudence, Oct. 2r. 1801. 1831, Samuel E. Smith. 

20. Er.ENEZER, s. of Joseph (10), b. 1752; lived on the old home- 
stead near the What, line; was a blacksmith; d. Dec. 8, 1827. He 
m. Mar. 12, 1775, Lydia, dau. Moses Clark of Sund.; she d. Sept. 17, 
1826, a. 76. 

CA..-f Ebenezer, July 25, 1777 (32). William, 1782 (33). 

Elihu, 1779; rn- J<i"- 24, 1S05, Electa, Justice, 1784; m. (pub. Mar. 9. 1816) 
dau. Abner Cooley. Dency Ingraham of Anih. 

21. Joseph, s. of Joseph (11), b. 1741; lieut. of militia; lived on 
father's homestead.; very prominent and useful man in his genera- 
tion; selectman five years, an active Whig, and a member of the 
Committee of Safety; he d, of small pox at a pest house in Wisdom, 
Sept. 5, 1803. He m. Nov. 12, 1764, Rebecca Jones of Machias, Me.; 
she d. June 28, 1818, a. 67. 

C/i.: William, Sept. 23, 1765 (34). Henry, April 7, 1777; sett, in Canada. 

Stephen. Feb. 16, 1768(35). Theodore, Jan. 11, 1779 (37). 

Joseph, Nov. 27, 1769(36). Thomas, IVfay 7, 1782 (38). 

George, Mar. 6, 1772; m. Eliza Trum Rebecca, May 13, 1784; d. unm. Apr. 

bull; sett, in Montreal. 21, 1865. 

James, Mar. 6. 1775; m. Eliza ;sett. Isaac Jones, May 6, 1787 (39). 

in Quebec; d. 1826. 

22. Samuel, s. of Joseph (11), b. 1746; lawyer; H. C. 1766; 
Delegate to the first Provincial Congress at Concord, Oct. 1774; in 
legal practice in Hampshire Co., until his rem. to Montgomery, Yt., 
I 795 ; was generally known as "Lawyer Sam ;" he was the man select- 


ed by his uncle Samuel to bear his name and heritage to the com- 
ing generations; was much in town office; selectman six years; he d. 
April 2, 1819. He m. Oct. 3, 1770, Abigail Upham of Brookfield; 
she d. in (xfd. Sept. 28, 1826, a. 81 (?). 

Ch.: Nabby, Aug. 23, 1771; m. Dec. ton; m. 1806, Sarah Bent of Milton; 

23, 1792, Joshua Clapp of Gfd. d. Dec. 28, 1S69. 

Rachel, Nov. 30,1772; m. Dec. 23, 1792, Thankful, Aug. 20, 1782; m. — Marvin 

Hart Leavitt of Gfd. of Montgomery; d. Dec. 1808. 

Sally, Sept. 10, 1774; m. Dec. 23, 1792, Catherine, Apr. 28, 1784; m. Horace 

Dr. John Stone of Gfd. Janes of St. Albans, Vt., where she 

Samuel, July 10, 1776; d. s. p. aft. 1831. d. Dec. 27, 1808. 

Fanny, Apr. 28, 1778; d. at Montgom- Francis, Mar. 7, 17S6; d. at Gfd. July 

ery, Dec. 14, 1801. 25, 1815. 
Charles, Jan. 10,1781; merchantin Bos- 

23, Sylvester, s. of Abner (13), b. at Ufd. abt. 1758; was a doc- 
tor at Nhn. and Sheffield. He m. Sarah Goss. 

Ch.:\ Robert Foster, Aug. 14,1784(40). at Baltimore. 
Jonathan Goss, Aug. 7, 1790; d. s. p. Aurelius, ; d. s. p. 

24, Ehenezer, s. of Salah (14), b. 1766; trader and farmer; post- 
master 1803; his office and store were in the old Ware house, No. 26; 
rem. to Nhn. abt. 1810; employed 30 yrs. in the office of the clerk 
of courts. He m. June 18, 1787, Abigail, dau. Maj. Seth Catlin; she 
d. at Nhn, July 7, 1822, a. 55; (2) Nov. 3, 1825, Ursula Wright of 
Nhn.; she d. Jan. 24, i860. 

Ch.: Edward, Feb. 21, 1788; m. Aug. Frederick Catlin, Feb. 24, 1803; m. Ma- 

8, 1811, Caroline M. Fanning; d. at ry Cummings; res. in Ithaca; d. s. 

Washington, D. C, 1858. p. Nov. 14, 1880. 

Joseph Savage, July 14, 1791 ;d. in Bos- Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, July 6, 

ton. 1804; sett, in Georgetown, D. C. 

Nabby, July 8, 1796; d. July 16, 1803. Eliza Ophelia, May 13, 181 1; m. May 

Ebenezer Foster, Mar. 25, 1798; d. s. 6, 1834, Robert R. Field. 

p. in Mont., Apr. 30, 1868. 

25, Erastus, s. of Salah (14), b. 1768; succeeded his father as 
tavern keeper; capt. of militia; rem. to Canandaigua, N. Y. He m. 
Jan. 9, 1799, Sally B. Whitney of Keene, N. H.; the only record of 
this marriage found, is contamed in the following item fr. the cash 
book of Esq. John Williams, "Jan, 9, 1799 — P^i"-' "^ ^- towards fiddlers 
at Erastus Barnard's wedding." To such straits do genealogists 
sometimes come. 

Ch.:\ Maria Augusta, Nov. 26, 1799. Sally, Sept. 2, 1803. 

Aaron Stearns, Mar. 3, iSoi; d. July, Erastus Stearns, May 29, 1805. 

26i Lemuel, s. of Salah (14), b. 1785; rem. to Canandaigua, N. 
Y., June 1818; d. Mar. 1 1, 1875. He m. July 16, 181 1, Clorinda, dau. 
Othniel Taylor; she d. June 18, 1824, a. 34. 

Ch.:\ Clorinda Caroline, May 14, 18 12; Gold Darby; he d. Apr.25, i8Sr,a. 73; 

m. Noah Strickland; d. Oct. 16, 1887. shed. Mar. 13, 1884. 

Elizabeth Minerva, Mar. 10, 1815; m. Rebekah, July 23, 1820. 

Baker of Canandaigua. Lemuel E., Dec. 16, 1S23. 

Mary Nims, Sept. 14, 1S17; m. John 


27. Ik A, s. of David (i8), b. 1785; Shel.; d. Dec. 10, 1864. He 
in. Jan. 16, 1809, Anna Bardwell; she d. Aug. 30, 1821; (2) ^lay 29, 
1S22, Polly Kisk; she d. Jan. 25, 1839. 

C/i.:\ Clarissa, Aiijr. 12, iSio; m. Feb. uncle, Samuel Bardwell. 

16, 1832, Alvah VVrisley of Gill; (2) Harriet A., Apr. 10. 1S23; m. Apr. 27, 
Oct. 12, 1847, Joua. M. Drury of O. 1S43, Amasa Bardwell. 

Moses Allen, May 26, 1812; m. June Albert, Oct. i, 1825. 

17, 1S41, Clarissa Long of Shel. Luthera, Nov. 11, 1828, m. Sept. 15, 
Ira Wellington, Jan. iS, 1S15; m. June 1846, Charles Lee of Con. 

4, 1S40, Lydia L. Bardwell. Jane, Oct. 13, 1S32. 

John, Apr. 22, 1817; sett, in Gfd. Darwin, Jan. 6, 1835. 

Anna, Aug. 10, 1821; adopted by her Franklin, Sept. 7, 1S37. 

28. Allen, s. of David (18), b. 1790; sett, in Charl. ; d. Sci)t. lO, 

1876. He m. Dec. 23, 1814, Lucy, dau. Severance; d. Dec. 4, 

1822; (2) Dec. 14, 1823, Alniira Rogers of Hawley. 

Ch.: Sophia, Jan. 4, 1S16. Mary K.,J uly 29, 1829; m. Oct. 31,1856, 

Anson L., June 12, iSiS; m. Mar. 12, Frederick Hawks of Gfd. 

1840, Lydia R. Dickinson. lohn, June 28, 1831. 

Lucy W., Aug. 20, 1820; [m. July 14, Edward E., July 31, 1833. 

1843, Austin Fisk. ?]. " ' Sarah D., July 15, 1838. 

Daniel A., Nov. 24, 1S22. Edward K., Nov. 29, 1840. 

Moses R., Nov. 4, 1S24. John, Aug. 29, 1843. 

Betsey J., Dec. 10, 1826. 

29. Anson, s. of David (18), b. 1792; sett, in Shel. He ni. Lu- 
cinda, dau. Asa Nims. 

Ch.: Anson Augustus, Oct. 14, 1821; 1850, Austin Hawks; d. at Walnui 

m. Dec. 30, 1847, Eliza M., dau. Or- Grove, 111.. Dec. 25, 1861. 

lando Hawks. William, Oct. 12, 1830. 

Frederick A., Sept. 8, 1822. Lucinda, June 30, 1833; m. Sept. i, 1853, 

Alfred, Aug. 9, 1824. John N. Sweet. 

Charles, Aug. 27, 1826. .'\sa Nims, Oct. 22, 1836. 

Helen A., Sept. 11, 1828; m. Nov. 14, 

30i David, s. of David (18), b. 1794; drover; rem. to Dfd., where 
he d. Sept. 26, 1843. He in. Eliza . 

Ch.: Rhoda A., July 24, 1S16. Calvin, Feb. 14, 1826; m. Nov. 3, 1852, 

Sophronia, May 2, 1S18; m. — Garrett. Jane Tombs; res. in Milwaukee, 111. 

David A., Dec. 3,i822;d. Dec. 22, 1827. David Almerin. 

31. Apollos, s. of David (18), b. 1795; ^'^'^t. in Shel.; d. Dec. 6, 
1882. He m. May 2, 1821, Sarah Hardy. 

Ch.:\ Almira M., Sept. 16, 1822. Lucius L., Aug. 20, 1826. 

Lucius E., Oct. 2, 1824; d. Aug. 24, 1S25. Sarah Ann. .Aug. 11, 1832. 

32, EiJENEZER, s. of Ebenezer (20), b. 1777; lived on the paternal 
farm; d. Nov. 5, 1837. He m. Feb. 13, 1805, Sophia, dau. Hugh 
Quinn; she d. Aug. 11, 1858, a. 84. 

Ch.: Fidelia, Apr. 18, 1806; d. Sept. 24, 1829, Almoret Stebbins of Con. 

1822. Electa, Jan. 23, 1813; d. Feb. 3, 1851. 

Sophia B., Sept. i, 1807; m. Nov. 10, Francis H., Jan. 22, 1815; m. Nov. 10, 

i860, Willard Stark. 1S46, Harriet M. Brown; she d. Aug. 

Ore.xia, Jan. 25, 1809: d. Jan. 2, 1845. 28, 1847, ^- 25. 

Lydia A., Jan. 25, 1811; m. Apr. 16, Calista, Jan. 2, 1817; d. Mar. 21, 1838. 


33, William, s. of Ebenezer (20), b. 1782; res. in What.; d. Mar. 
30, 1837. He m. Dec. 20, 1810, Ruth, dau. Gideon Dickinson; she 
d. Dec. 10, 1844, a. 60. 

tV/..f Theodore, Oct. iSi I ;k. HI boyish duu. C. U. Bigelow of What. 

quarrel, Feb. 14, 1827. William, Apr. 17, iSi7;d. Aug. 3,1847. 

LuUier, Jan. 13, 1S13. Persis, Mar. 25, 1S21; d. Mar. 7, 1S45. 
Walter, Apr. 17, 1817; m. Nancy Jane, 

34. William, s. of Joseph (21), b. 1765; farmer and teamster; 
was a few years in trade at Shipton, L. C, and was engaged in a 
scheme for settling a new town near Three Rivers, for which he re- 
ceived a grant of 1000 acres; ret. to Dfd. abt. 1810; d. June 8, 1822. 
He m. Dec. 28, 1793, Abigail, dau. Samuel Hastings of Ber. ; she d. 
at Shel. Jan. 13, 1804, a. ;^^; (2) Mar. 14, 1805, Hannah, dau. Edw'd 
H. Heard of Canaan, Vt.; she d. Mar. 3, 183 1, a. 56. 

C7i.: Ralph, Nov. 17, 1794; trader in 1864. 

Boston; rem. to Wetumpka, Ga., Theodore, J une 2, iSu8;d. Apr. 7, 1814. 

where he d. Sept. 13, 1835. Sally Jenks, Oct. 30, 1S12; teacher; d. 

Lydia, Nov. 4, 1796; d. unm. Apr. 21, Nov. 7, 1S64. 

i8b2. Hannah, Apr. 11, 1815; m.Apr. 4, 1840, 

Abigail, Jan. 8, 1799; d. unm. 1895. Richard Jenks of N. Y. 

William, Aug. 25, 1801; d. Jan. 4,1803. Theodore, Dec. 3, 1818 (41). 
William, May 4, 1806; d. s. p. July 18, 

35, Stephen, s. of Joseph (21), b. 1768; lived in Dfd., in Shipton 
and Melbourne, Can.; was justice of the peace at Mel. in 1829. He 
m. Oct. 23, 1796, Frances Granger of SulT., Ct.; she d. in Can., 1852. 

C/i.: John, Sept. 22, 1797, in Shipton; went to Texas. 

went into business in Boston. Susan, Sept. 6, 1806, in Dfd ; d. at Ship- 
Mary Ann, Oct. 13, 1799, in Shipton; m. ton, Mar. 23, 1821. 

Mar. 1823, Shubal Pierce of Shipton. Sarah, Sept. 27, 1808; m. Feb. 22, 1829, 

Fanny, Jan. 25, 1 801, in Shipton; m. — Rev. Adam Barn well of Lenox ville, 

Thomas. L. C. 
Joseph, Apr. 21, 1804, in Dfd; doctor; 

36. Joseph, s. of Joseph (21), b. 1769; blacksmith and nail man- 
ufacturer; had a rolling mill in Walpole, N. H. and later in Troy, N. 
Y.; lived later in Phila. and St. Louis; was a man of great physical 
power; this story is told of him; while riding in a stage somewhere 
out West, two strangers who were Southerners, his fellow travelers, 
fell to telling stories of great feats in lifting; one of them had been 
to Dfd., Mass., and had seen a friend of Dea. Arms lift a cannon 
weighing iioo lbs., and gave the particulars of the affair; the friend 
doubted, when Barnard put in his word: ''You may believe it," said 
he, "for I am the man that did it;" d.abt. 1847. He m. Feb. 3, 1793, 
Tirzah, dau. Col. Joseph Stebbins; she d. at St. Louis, 1840 (?). 

C//..f Derick, Feb. 24, 1794 (42). Maria, Aug. 5, 1803; m. i837,Capt.Thos. 

Joseph, ; d. in infancy. M. Fithian; she d. abt. 1842. 

Joseph Stebbins, June 2, 1796; m. Sally John Hubbard, 1804; d. 1805. 

. Charles, 1807 (43). 

Eliza, Aug. 1798; d. 1800. Arabella, 1809; m. Thos. S. Alvis of 

Eliza, Feb. 15, 1801; m. Aug. i, 1843, Henderson, Ky. 

Capt. Thomas M. Fithian, herbroth- John Hubbard, abt. 1811 (44). 

er-in-law;d. at Dfd. Sept. 10, 18S5, George, Nov. 20, 1813(45). 

leaving her estate as a contribution James, 1S17 (46). 

to an Old Ladies' Home in Dfd. 



37. Theodore, s. of Joseph (21), b. 1779; blacksmith; hved in 
Troy, N. Y., Hartford, Ct., and in Canton, Ili.;d. 1863. He m. May 
30, 1805, Lucy, dan. Col. Joseph Stebbins; she d. at Hartford; (2) 
wid. Amy Lewis of Bristol, Ct.; little is known of their ch.; I give 
such as appear. 

C//..f Lucy. 

Jane, ; m. Judge Henry S. Austin 

of Chicago. 
Harriet, ; m. Jason Hall. 

Theodore, Nov. 17, 1812; ni. 
Tites; he d. Mar. k), 1S83. 

Mary, ; m. Mitchell. 

Helen, ; m. Peck. 


38, Thom.^s, s. of Joseph (21), b. 1782; lived in Western New 
York and Mich. He m. abt. 1809, Fanny, dau. Asa Childs of Shel.; 
she d. in Creenville, N. Y., Oct. 8, 1842, a. 61. 

Ch.: f Jones, May 25, 1810; drowned at 

Ballsion, N. Y., Mar. 18, 1814. 
Fanny, July 17, 1S12. 

Philander, Jan. 11, 1819. 
May have had ^Llry, Abij^ail and 

39, Isaac J., s. of Joseph (21) b. 17S7; sett, in Can. He m. 1815, 
Margaret Telfer; she d. Jan. 7, 1827, a. 37; (2) Dec. 2, 1829, Cath- 
erine Telfer, who d. 1S65, a. 72. 

C/i.:\ Margaret and Elizabeth, twins; 

d. in infancy, 
Rebecca, 1817; m. iS57,Geo. \V. Hangs. 
John, Nov. 19, 1S19; sett, in Dfd.;sol. 

in the 52d Mass. Vols., in the Reb.; 

m. Nov. 6, 1865, Adeline M., dau. 

Benj. Ray; k. by a fall fr. a tree, Apr. 

3. 1874. 
Elizabeth, Dec. 25, 1821; m. 1842, Jas. 


William, May 10, 1823. 

Francis, 1825; d. young. 

Elisha, 1826; d. young. 

Francis Jones, Dec. 25, 1830; m. Mary 

Stillman (?). 
Margaret, Feb. 28, 1833; m. 1855, Geo. 

Mary, d. young. 
James J.-, 1836. 

40. RoHKRT Foster, s. of Sylvester (23), b. 1784; Col.; lawyer 
of Sheffiekl; d. at New York, Dec. 9, 1850. He m. Augusta Porter; 
she d. at Sheffield, Oct. 17, 1833, a. 47; (2) Mrs. Cornelia, (Russell) 
wid. of Azariah Root of Sheff. 

Ch.:\ Sarah Gross, June 19, 1807. 

Frederick Augustus Porter, May 5, 
1809; Y. C. 1S28; D. D., LL. D.; tu- 
tor at Yale, 1829; teacher of the deaf 
and dumb asylum at Hart., 1831-2; 
New York, 1833-S; Prof. Ala. univer- 
sity, 1S38-54; Pres. Miss. U. i85()-6r, 
and of Columbia C, N. Y. 1864; au- 
thor of many books on educational 
subjects; in. Dec. 27, 1851, Margaret 

Jonathan (afterwards called John) 
Gross. May 19, 1815; LL. D. (Y. C. 
1864); at West Point 1833; capt.of en- 
gineers 1838; major 1858; col. 1863; 
was chief engineer "of the armies in 
the field," and on the staff of Gen. 

Grant, 1864-5; "I'lj- gen. 1865; has 
been employed on a large [)arl of the 
military defences of the couiitry.and 
is author of many books on military 
and scientific subjects; m. Jane Eliz- 
abeth Firand; she d. in N. Y. Feb. 
24, 1853, a. 30; (2) Anna Eliza, (Hall) 
wid. of McHenry Boyd of Baltimore. 
They had Robert Foster, Nov. 25,1842, 
atN. O.; d. Feb. 28, 1844; William 
Frederick, Mar. 20, 1848, at N. O. ;d. 
in Maryland, Sept. i^,\%(.-)'},\ A ugiistus 
Porter; Robert Foster, June 5. 1850; 
John I/all. July 3, \^tl\ June Brand, 
Nov. 26, iS()2; Anna McHenry, June 
16, 1866. 

41, Theodore, s. of William (34), b. 1818; |)rinter; d. at Wash- 
ington, D. C, Feb. 18, 1864. He in. Aug. 7, 1844, Matilda K. iJerry. 


Ch.: Sarah Louisa, Dec. 13, 1846; m. Feb. 5, 1874, Emma J. Thomas. 

Gustavus Brandt. Amy J., June 3, 1853. 

William Theodore, Nov. if), 1848; m. 

42, Derick, s. of Joseph (35). b. 1794; sett, in Milbury, Del. He 
11). Ann Custis Wapples. 

Ch.:\ Caroline Verginia, ; m. Ed- William D. Wapples. 

ward Barton. Charles Henry. 

Samuel G. Wright. 

43, Charles, s. of Joseph (36), b. 1807. He m. Susan Davis. 

Ch.:\ Hetty, — ; m. Harry S. Eaton. Thomas Fithian, ; a doctor. 

Arrabella, ; m. Beeson. Catherine V., ; m. Briath. 

Milburn, ; d. young. Susan, ; d. young. 

George, ; d. s. p. 

44, John H., s. of Joseph {^d)^ b. 181 1. He m. Mary (or Mar- 
garet) Davis. 

Ch.:\ Joseph, ; d. s. p. John, ; m. Ellen Frary of Dfd. 

Esther, ; d. at 18 or ig. 

45, George, s. of Joseph (36), b. 1S13. He m. Attilla Jackson. 

Ch.:\ Thomas M. Fithian. Harriet Jackson. 

Mary, — ; m. Dr. — Keith of La. Annie. 

Julius Caesar. Julia. 

46, James, s. of Joseph (36), b. 181 7. He m. Anna E. Lee; in 
business at St. Louis in 1886, living at Upper xA.lton, III. 

Cli.:\ Anna, ; d. young. Eliza. 

Luke Lee. Lavinia. 

Frank. Bell A. 

Susan. Eaton. 


The families 42-4G above are given from the recollection of Mrs. 
Eliza Fithian. 

BARNES, Edward, taxed 1792. 

BARNES, John; deacon 1806 (?). 

1, BARRETT, Benjamin; carpenter; sol. under Capt. Turner, 
1676; home lot at Plum Tree Plain granted him in 1684; at his death 
he held house lot No. 27, the lot on which stands Memorial Hall and 
other buildings; he d. 1690. He m. Apr. 27, 1677, Sarah, dau. Isaac 
Graves of Hat.; (2) Mary, dau. John Alexander; she m. (2) Feb. 25, 
1691, Henry White. 

Ch.:\ Order of birth uncertain. 1716. 

Sarah, abt. 1678; m. abt. i6g8, Josiah Benjamin (2). 

Scott of Hat. Jonathan; was wounded and captured 

Rebecca, abt. 1680; m. abt. 1700, Be- while on a scout under Sergt. Sam'l 

noni Wright of Nfd.; (2) 1706, Sam'l Taylor, July 30, 1712; in. Rebecca — 

Dickinson of Hat. of Hat. 1716. 
John, of Chelmsford 1707; of Littleton 


2, Hknjamin, s. of Benjamin (t), of Chelmsford 1706-10; of Sund. 
1715, where lied. Jan. 17, 1728. He m. June 18, 1705, Hannah 

CA.:j; Hannah, abt. 1708; m. May 4, Wright. 

1725, Nalhan Tutlle. Jonathan, Feb. 8, 1717; in. Hannah — . 

Benjamin, abt. 1709(3). Elizabeth, July 15, 1719. ^ 

Isaac, abt. 171 i;m. July 1741, .Susanna Rebecca, June 20, 1722. 

Newton. Bathsheba, Dec. 27, 1725; d. Jan. 17, 

Sarah, abt. 1713; m. May 24,1734, Wrn. 1729. 

3, iiKNjAMiN, s. of Benjamin (2), b. abt. 1709. He m. Dec. 31, 
1730, Susanna Marsh. 

('//..• Benjamin, Sept. 30, 1731. John, June 17, 1741. 

Moses, Feb. 6, 1733; d. May 5, 1737. Moses, .Mar. 27, 1745. 

Mary, Sept. S, 1734; m. Dec. 14, 1762, Hannah, Jan. 23, 1747. 

John Gould (?). Rebecca, bap. Oct. 8, 174S. 

Oliver, Mar. 14, 1737. Nalhan, Oct. iS, 1750. 
Susanna, Apr. 23, 1739. 

B.\RSHAM, Philip, a settler before Philip's War; k. with Capt. 
Lothrop at Bloody Brook, leaving wid. Sarah and ch.; nothing has 
been found of the antecedent or subsequent history of this family. 

BARTHOLOMEW, Willi .\m, s. of William the emigrant; b. 1640- 
41, at Ipswich; carpenter and mdlwright; fr. Roxbury he came here 
and sett, on house lot No. 10, before Philip's War; was in prison for 
debt in Braintree, 1677, where he petitioned for leave to go out Sun- 
days and lecture days; Feb. 8, 1678, was in Hat., where he took the 
oath of allegiance; the same year he joined in a petition to the (ien. 
Court for aid in resettling Pocumtuck; impatient of delay, he rem. in 
1679 to Branford, C^t., where he built saw and grist mills for the town; 
in 1685 he sold his house lot to Daniel l^eldmg; in 1687 he went to 
Woodstock and built there saw and grist mills and rec'd a grant of 
180 acres of land; he was a prominent man at Branford and Wood- 
stock and called Lieut.; he d. at Woodstock 1697. He m. Dec. 17, 
1663, ALiry, dau. of the famous C^apt. Isaac Johnson; she was living 
a wid. at Branford 1705. 

C/i.:\ Isaac, Nov. I, 1664; m. abt. 1694, Elizabeth, Mar. 15, 1O74-5; m. Nov. 21, 

Rebecca ; had house lot in New 1699, Edmund Chamberlain. 

Ro.\bury, 1725. Benjamin, — ; m. Oct. 2ft, 1713, Pheboe, 

William, Oct. 16, 1666; d. s. p. in Wood- dau. Geo. Baldwin of Branford; lived 

stock. at Branford. 

Mary, Oct. 26, 1668. John, — ; m. Jan. 28, 1702-3; Elizabeth 

Andrew, bap. Oct. 11, 1670; m. Han- Morris; (2) wid. Mary Frisbee; (3) 

nah Frisbee; lived in Branford. Jan. 2, 1738-9, Hannah Abbott of 

Abigail, bap. Dec. 8, 1672; was taken Woodstock. 

captive in Ashpelon's raid on Hat., Joseph, — ; m. Nov. 12, 1713, Elizabeth 

Sept. 19, 1677 (see ante, p. 181.); she Sanger; both d. in Woodstock, Oct. 

m. Jan. 11, 1691-2, John Frizell. 15, 1724. 

BARTLETT, John. He m. Mar. 27, 1702, Thankful, dau. Benoni 
Stebbins; was chosen Hayward Mar. 2, 1702-3, and no more is heard 
of him. 


1, BASCOM, Thomas, Dorchester, 1634; of Windsor, 1639; of 
Nhn. 1661, where he d. May 9, 1682. He m. Avice — ; she d. Feb. 3, 

C/i.:\ Hannah, — ; m. Nov. 15, 1650; i657, John IngersoU. 

John Broughton; (2) Nov. 20, 1662, Thomas, Feb. 20, 1642 (2). 

Wm. Janes. Hepzibah, Apr. 14, 1644; m. Nov. i, 

Abigail, bap. June 7, 1640; m. Dec. 12, 1662, Robert Lyman. 

2, Thomas, s. of I'homas (i), b. 1642; he was one of those who 
sett, in Nfd., bef. Philip's War; d. Sept. 11, 1689. He m. Mar. 20, 
1667, Mary, dau. John Baldwin (or possibly, dau. Thomas Newell of 
Farmington); she d. Feb. 3, 1676. 

C7i.:-\ Thomas, Aug. 20, 166S (3). Thankful West, or Webster; sett, in 

John, 1670; d. in infancy. Lebanon, Ct. 

John, Oct. 14, 1672; m. Dec. 12, 1700, Mary, d. young. 

3, Thomas, s. of Thomas (2), b. 1668; d. Feb. 3, 1714; Nhn. (?). 
He m. abt. 1691, Hannah, dau. John Catlin; she d. Jan. 1746. • 

C/^.- Samuel, Jan. 27, 1692; m. May 10, Ruth, Apr. 8, 1703; m. Curtis. 

1722, Experience Parsons. Jonathan, 1706; m. May i, 1736, Mind- 
Hannah, Sept. 16, 1694; m. Mar. 27, well King. 

1718, Thomas Judd of Nhn. Joseph, Jan. 20, 1708-g (5). 

Thomas, Nov. 10, 1697; d. young. Mary, — ; m. May i, 1734; Noah Shel- 
Thomas, Jan. 8, i6gg; d. young. don of Southampton. 

Ezekiel, Nov. 22, 1700(4). Martha, Sept. 16, 1713; m. Nov. 24, 
Abigail, Nov. 5, i70i;d. Dec. 19, 1701. 1741, Nath'l White of Had. 

4, Ezekiel, s. of Thomas (3), b. 1700; Apr. 17x3, he was. ap- 
prenticed to Ebenezer Bridgman ''to learn the art, trade and inis- 
tery of weaving;" sett, in Dfd. and was a sol. under Capt. Samuel 
Barnard, 1723; d. 1746. He m. Dec. 21, 1727, Sarah, dau. Ebenezer 
Severance; she d. Sept. 9, 1729, a. 29; (2) May 27, 1734, Rebecca 
Clary of Nhn; she m. (2) 1750, Nath'l Brooks; d. Apr. 12, 1776, a. 75. 

C/i.: Son, Sept. 4, 172S; stillborn. Rebecca, bap. Dec. 24, 1740; m. Caleb 

Moses, June 8, 1736 (6). Chapin of Ber. 

Elias, May 8, 1737 (7). Ezekiel, bap. July 4, 1742 (8). 

5, Joseph, s. of Thomas (3), b. 1709; came from Nhn. 173S; 
sett, in the north part of the town; d. Sept., 1764. He m. Aug. 3, 
1737, Hannah Rider; she d. 1776, a. 65. 

C/i.:\ Joseph.Jan. 18,1737-8; d. young. Timothy, Nov. 10, 174S (11). 

Hannah, July 26, 1739; m. foel Wells Eunice, 1751; m. Jan. 1771, Lemuel 

of Gfd. Hastings. 

Elizabeth, Nov. 9, 1741 (g). Joseph, 1754 (12). 

Naomi, bap. Dec. 16, 1744; m. Feb. 12, Susanna, 1755; m. Nov. 29, 1787, Wil- 

17^'?. John Hovvland. liam Smalley, Esq. 
Lemuel, 1746 (10). 

6, MosES, s. of Ezekiel (4), b. 1736; Dea. ; prominent in Cfd. af- 
fairs; member of the Constitutional Convention 1788; d. Sept. 19, 
1805. He m. Sept. 22, 1760, Eunice, dau. Joseph Severance; she d. 
July 21, 1802, a. 60; (2) Feb. 12, 1805, wid. Experience Howland. 


67/,.- Moses, May 15, 1761 ; 111. Sept. 11, Martha, Dec. n, 176S; m. Julys, 17S6, 

1785, Anna, dan. Elijah Sheldon. Joseph Phillips. 

Eunice, Feb. 5, 1763; m. Epaphrodilus Chloe, July 18, 1770; ni. Apr. 9, 1789, 

Loveland. Jona. Allen. 

Son, May 22, d. May 24, 1764. Mercy, Feb. 17, 1774; m. Nov. 6, 1794, 

Rebecca, Apr. 20,1765; m. Dec. 11,1783, Israel Phillips. 

(?) Joseph Nash. Experience, Feb. 5, 1776. 

Mary, Apr. 24, 1767; m. May 15, 1787, Ezekiel, Aug. 20, 1777. 

Oliver Atherton. 

7, Elias, s. of Ezekiel (4), b. 1737; clothier; sol. in French \V'ars; 
lived in Hat., Dfd. and Orwell, Vt., where he d. Nov. 29, 1833. 
He m. Mar. 13, 1761, Eunice, dau. John Allen; (2) Jan. 21, 1796, 
Thankful Oraves. 

C/i.:\ Elias, 1762: m. May, 1782, Re- Murray. 

becca Stevens; sett, in Orwell. Artiniedorus, 1774; m. Esther Newton. 

Reuben, 1763; m. 1786, Lydia llurd; Elisha, 1776; m. Dec. 20, 1802, Char- 
sett, in Newport, \'t. lotte Hosley. 

Eunice, 17(14; m. Daniel Buel of Or- Cynthia, 1777; m. Daniel Blendon. 

well. Eucy, 1778; m. Thomas Cutts. 

Jerusha, 1765; d. unni. Rebecca, ; m. Wright. 

Joseph, 1767; d. 17(17. Ira, 1783; m. Patience Griswold. 

Joseph, 1768. Lucinda, 1786; m. Clark Sandford. 

Zeri, 1770; m. Nov. 14, 1794, Mabel 

8, EzEKiEL, s. of Ezekiel (4), b. 1742; d. in (rill, Mar. 18, 181 7. 
He m. Jan. 3, 1765, Anna Brown; she d. Mar. i, 1814, a. 75. 

Ch.:\ Elizabeth, bap. Nov. 10, 1765. Aseneth, bap. May 14, 1775; m. Dec. 

Anna, Jan. 31, 1770; m. Jan. 13, 1791, i, 1793, Samuel Stebbins; (2) Jan. 9, 

Elijah Alvord of Gfd. 1817, Jonathan Russell. 

Electa, Dec. 26, 1771; m. Sept. 8, 1792, Prob. Elihu, bap. Apr. 17, 1780. 

Samuel Wells, Jr., of Gfd. Chester, adopted son, bap. Oct. 2 1,1781. 

9, Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph (5), b. 1741; d. Mar. 30, 1783; ni. 
t^lihu Basconi, of unknown parentage. 

Ch.:\ Rachel, bap. Jan. 22, 1770; d. Tirza, bap. Aug. 10, 1776. 

young. Thankful, bap. Mar. 8, 1778. 

Dolly, bap. Sept. 8, 1773. Daniel, bap. Nov. 28, 1779. 

Naomi, bap. Sept. 15, 1774. Rachel, bap. Sept. 2, 17S1. 

10, JjKmuki,, s. of Joseph (5), b. 1746; (ifd. He 111. May 21, 1779, 
Abigail Allen. 

Ch.:\ Abigail, d. .Aug. 26, i777(record.) Jerusha, Aug. 24, 17S5. 

Hannah, Sept. 13, 1779. l.uther, 1787; d. in Halifax, V't.. Apr. 

David, Aug. 1, 17S0. 16, 1S07. 

Solomon, Jan. 23, 1783. 

11, TiMOTin-, s<in (if Joseph (5), b. 1748. Ht in. July, 1769, .Ab- 
igail, dau. Shubel Atherton; she d. Oct. 30, 1778; (2) Mary Patter- 
son; (3) Jemima Booth. 

Ch.:\ Shubel, bap. Oct. 3, 1773. Mary, bap. May 7, 17S1. 

Abigail, bap. June 15, 1777. Simeon, bap. Oct. 24, 1792. 

12, Joseph, s. of Joseph (5), b. 1754; d. in Gfd., Mar. 12, 1844. 


He m. (pub. Nov. i8, 1784) Esther, dau. Thomas of Had.; she 

d. Oct. 27, 1834, a. 79. 

Ch.: Chester, July 12, 1786. Elizabeth, Mar. 30, 1792; m. (pub. May 

Lucinda, Feb. g, 1788; m. Feb. 5, iSii, 10, 1817) jona. Allen of Ber. 

Chas. Dexter of Dover, Vt. Joseph, Apr. 15, 1794. 
Twins, Dec. 16, 1790; d. in few hours. 

BATCHELLER, Aaron, at Bloody Brook, 1810. 

1, BATES, Asa. He m. Minerva, dau. Eliphas Arms; d. Sept. 4, 
1877, a. 78. 

Ch.: William D., May 24, 1S19 (2). Alonzo \V., Jan. 22, 1S21 (3). 

2, William D., s. of Asa (i), b. 1819; Bloody Brook; postmaster 
and express agent. He m. Nov. 24, 1842, Susan J. Squires; she d. 
July 20, 1877, a. 57. 

Ch.: Rosiline, Jan. 21, 1845. Julia, Apr. 10, 1852; d. Sept. 19, 1852. 

3, Alonzo W., s. of Asa (i), b. 1821. He m. 1844, Eliza M., dau. 
of Socrates Sheldon; she d. Jan. 27, 1862; (2) June 16, 1864, Emma 
S. Cjamble. 

Ch.: James Polk, Jan. 7, 1S45. Charles A., Dec. 2, 1847. 

George Dallas, April 2, 1846. 

BATES, Daniel Davidson. He m. Anna H., dau. Capt. William 

Ch.: Eli Tryon, July 11, 1826. Edwin, Aug. 6, 1828; d. next day. ' 

BATES, Edward, 1775. 

BATES, Elizabeth, m. Levi Cooley. 

BA'l'ES, Jonathan, 1775-6. 

BATES, Wanton, d. May 9, 1808, a 44; pub. Sept. 20, 1806, to 
Lydia Potter of Mont. 

BEAI^, George, from Eng. abt. 1726, with sons William and Mat- 
thew; was of Willington, Ct., 17-32; his will, made in 1756, is re- 
corded at Stafford Springs, Ct.; his inventory, filed at Stafford, Apr. 
7. 1761, shows that his library at Deerfield contained Greek, Latin, 
and other classical books. He was probably an Oxford man; he lived 
on No. 14; d. abt, 1763. He m. Apr. i, 1742, Mary, wid. of Mahuman 
Hinsdale; she d. Jan. 7. 1763. 

1. BEAMAN, BEAMONT, BEAMOND, Simon, of Spfd., 1659; 
d. bet. Oct., 1675, and Dec. 6, 1676. He m. Jan. 15, 1654-5, Alice 

Ch.:\ Simon, 1666 (2). field. Sept. 5, 1694; m. Oct. 29, 1696, 

John, Apr. 12, 1657; wounded when Abigail, sis. of that Jas. Eggleston 

St.Castin made his attempt on Deer- who was k. at Dfd., Sept., 1675. 


Daniel, Mar. i. 1658-9; was of Dfd., family, 1680. 

1712, but in 1741 had ret. to Spfd. Alice (?), who m. 1705. Nath'l Baldwin. 

Thomas, Dec. 29, i6f:o. Benjamin, Aug. 20, 1671; m. Dec. 14, 

Josiah, Feb. 4, 1662-3; •"• Apr. 29, 1685, 1710 (?), Hannah Huggins. 

Lydia Warner. Dau., Aug. ir, 1673. 

Ruth (?), who lived in Maj. Pynchon's Samuel; had a grant of land in 16S7. 

2, Simon, s. of Simon (i), b. 1656; was a sol. in the ,2:arrison at the 
mill in Hat. 1676; bought house lot No. 37 and came to Dfd. bef. 1687; 
house and contents burned 1704; self and wife with servant captured; 
both returned; he d. bet. Feb. 16 and Mar. 5, 1711-12. He m. Oct. 
9, 16S0, Hannah, dau. of Francis Barnard, and wid. of Dr. John 
Wcstcarr of Had. ; she was the first known school dame, and the nar- 
row escape of self ami scholars has been narrated, (see ante, p. 244) 
she left by will considerable landed estate for the benefit of the 
schools (;f Dfd., the first act of its kind in this part of the colony; 
she d. Ma}' 13, 1739; "O- ch. 

BEAMENT, Ira. He m. 182S, Submit Graham of Sund. 

Ch.: Elisha, Mar. 20, 1S29. Benjamin, Apr. 3, 1830. 

BEERS, Ephr.m.m, fr. Hat. 1686; had that year a grant of 20 acres 
on the side of the mountain joining Daniel Belding, on condition he 
make and keep a meadow gate on the road leading from Wappingto 
the meadows; he soon disappears. He m. Sept. 9, 1680, Mary (rard- 

Ch.:\ Elizabeth, June 27, 1683; d. Oct. 9, 16S4. 

BEHAMAN, Bkter, also called Bl'^iOMV; taxed 1715. He m. 
Bridgett . 

Ch.:\ Reuben, Feb. 26, 1717-18. Gideon, Dec. 3, 1719. 

1, 1)EL1)1N(>, WiLi.iAiM, Weth. [646; rem. to Norwalk, Ct. He 
m. Thomasine. 

Ch.:\ Samuel, July 20, 1647; ot Nor- 1705. 

walk 1734. Susanna, Nov. 5, 1651. 

Daniel, Nov. 20, 1648 (2). Mary, Feb. 20, 1652-3. 

John, Jan. 9, 1650; Norfolk, Ct.; lieut. Nathaniel, Nov. 14, 1654. 

2, Daniel, s. of William (i), b. 1648; of Hart. 1671; of Dfd. 1686; 
lived on No. 10; Sept. 16, 1696, a great part of his family was k. or 
cap. by Indians; (see ante, p. 254.) he was a leading man in town 
and d. Aug. 14, 1731. He m. Nov. 10, 1670, Elizabeth, dau. Nath'l 
Foote of Weth.; she was k. Sept. 16, 1696; (2) Feb. 17, 1699, Hep- 
zibah, (Buel) wid. of Lieut. Thomas Wells; she was cap. Feb. 29, 
1704 and k. on the route to Canada, a. 54; (3) Sarah, dau. John Hawks, 
wid. of Philip Mattoon; she d. Sept. 17, 1751, a. 94. 

Ch.: William, Dec. 26, 1671 (3). 1696; d. Aug. 21, 1714. 

Richard, — 29, 1672. Mary, Nov. 17, 1677; m. 1698, James 

Elizabeth, Oct. S, 1673; m. Ebenezer Trowbridge. 

Brooks. Daniel, .Sept. i. 1680; k. Sept. 16. i6g6. 

Nathaniel, Jan. 26, 1675; cap. Sept. 16, Sarah, Mar. 15, 1682; in. Mar. 27, 1702, 


Benj. Burt; cap. 1704. John, June 24, i6Sg; d. the next day. 

Hester, Sept. 29, 16S3; cap. Sept. 16, Abigail, Aug. 18, 1690: wounded ibg(y, 

1696, not after heard from. d. bef. 1732. 

Abigail, Mar. 10, 16S6; d. June 25, 1686. John, Feb. 28, 1693; k. 169^). 

Samuel, Apr. 10, 16S7: wounded 169G Thankful, Dec. 21, 1695; k. 1696. 


3, William, s. of Daniel (2), b. 1671; rem. to Norwalk 1725. He 
m. May 2, 1700, Margaret, dau. William Arms. 

C/i.: Margaret. Feb. 10, 1701; m. Dec. Abigail, Jan. 4, 1710-11. 

7, 1719, Nath'l Stoffon of Norwalk. Ruth, Jan. 18, 1712-13. 

Daniel, Sept. 14, 1702 (5). Miriam, Nov. 11, 1714. 

Elizabeth, Nov. 10, 1704. Esther, Oct. 11, 1716. 

Thankful, Feb. 9, 1706-7; d. Aug. 26, Thankful, Oct. 5, 171S. 

1717. Sarah, Aug. 20, 1721. 

Mary, June 25, 1709; m. Sept. 27. 1727, Azor, Dec. 10, 1723. 

Nathan Bells. 

4, Samuel, s. of Daniel (2), b. 1687; d. Dec. 14, 1750. He m, 
Feb. 26, 1724, Anna Thomas; she d. Dec. 13, 1724; (2) Sept. 26, 1726, 
Elizabeth, dau. Nath'l Ingram of Had.; alive in Hat. 1761. 

C/i.:\ Samuel, Apr. i, 1729(6). John, Aug. 15, 1734. 

Elizabeth, Nov. i, 1731; m. Jan. 24, Daniel, June 17, 1737; d. Aug. 27, 1743. 
1751, Seth Hawks. Prob. Lydia, who m. Joseph Mitchell. 

5, Daniel, s. of William (3), b. 1702; in the spring of 1744 "his 
brethren, with six horses, came up after him," from Norwalk, and 
that is the last heard of him here. He m. Feb. 22, 1727, Esther, 
dau. Samuel Smith of Hat. 

C/i.: Esther, Nov. i, 1727. Margaret, Feb. 16, 173S-9. 

Daniel, July 10, 1729; d, Jan. i, 1730. William, Jan. 22, 1740-1. 

Daniel, Dec. 18, i73o;d. Jan 21, 1730-1. Moses, May 14, 1743; d. July 4, 1743. 

Sarah, Jan. 27, 1731-2. Miriam, ' 

Eunice, Dec. 5, 1734. Daniel, Mar. 6, 1744-5. 

Abigail, Dec. 12, 1736. Elizabeth, Nov. 24, 1746. 

6, Samuel, s. of Samuel (4), b. 1729; rem. to Ash., where he was 
the first town clerk, and a leading man in town affairs. He m. June 
28, 1753, Mary, dau. Joseph Mitchell of Dfd 

C/i.: Daniel, June 17, 1754; sett, in 6, 1781, Azariah Cooley. 

Shel Esther, Apr. 18, 1761. 

Mercy, Oct. 9, 1755; d. young. Asenath, Feb. 29, 1764. 

John, Dec. 17, 1756; b. in Dfd.; Rev. " Lovissa, [une 6, 1765. 

sol. had a large family in Ash.; d. Samuel, Nov. 10, 1767. 

Mar. 25, 1839. Elizabeth. Jan. 7, 1770. 

Mary, Mar. 3, 1758. Aaron, July 21, 1774. 
Mercy, Nov. 29, 1759; prob. m. Sept. 

BENNET, John; tavern keeper; 1606-7. 
BENNET, Matthew or Matthias, 1778-9. 

1, BERRY, John, shoemaker at the Nook; he is said to have 
been one of Burgoyne's men, but this is doubtful; rem. to New York 
state. He m. Margaret Bayley (?). 


O.-f Per. Polly, who was pub. to Wm. William, June 6, 1790. 

M. Worden, Aug. 23, 1S06. Elizabeth, Ian. S, 1793; in. .■\pr. 10,1810, 
John. Fei). 28, 1781. Ira Dibble. 

Major, Jan. 5, 17S3 (2). Eunice, Feb. 7, 1795. 

James; "m. (pub. Nov. 5, iSu8), Pliileiia Richard, June 12, 1797. 

Brooks of Mont. ; was in Shel., 1819. Child, Aug. iS. 1800; d. same day. 

Peggy, abt. 1787. Charlotte, Jan. 12, 1803. 

2, Maj<jr, s. of John (i), b. 1783; shoemaker at the Nook; m. 

Mary . 

Ch.:] Milinda, Sept. 22, 1803. Margaret, Feb. 27, 1805. 

BERRY, Nicholas, 1775-O; Rev. sol. 

BIGELOW, Isaac, 1775-So. 

BILLINGS, AURAHA.M, Dfd., 1769. 

BILLINGS, CHILEA13, Dfd., 1778-9. 

BILLINGS, Elijah, of Bloody Brook, 1761. 

BILLINGS, Joseph, of Dfd., 1762; d. bef. Oct. 22, 1767, leaving 
a son, Moses. 

1, BILLINGS, Roger, of Dorchester, 1640; freeman 1643; bought 
of the Indians a tract of land 2^ by 2 miles, of which : of a mile wide 
was taken off in establishing the Rhode Island line; in 1662 he was 
one of the petitioners for six miles square for a township at Warra- 

noco; d. Nov. 15, 1683. He m. Mary , who d. 1644; (2) Hannah 

; she d. May 25, 1662; (3) Elizabeth, dau. John Pratt. 

Ch.:\ Mary, July 10, 1643; d. Dec. 10, Ebenezer, bap. Oct. 26, 1651; m. Haii- 

1643. nah, dau. John Wales. 

Mary, bap. Nov. 23, 1645; m. Dec. 16. Samuel, bap. Oct. 26, 1651. 

1663, Samuel Belcher of Braintree. Roger, Nov. 18, 1657 (2). 

Hannah, ; m. Feb. 24, 1665, John Elizabeth, Oct. 27, 1659. 

Penniman. Zeppora, May 21, 1662; d. Oct. 8, 1676. 

Joseph. ; d. bef. 1683, leaving a son, Jonathan, ; d. Jan. 14, 1677. 


2, Roger, s. of Roger (i), b. 1657; sett, in Canton; d. Jan. 17, 
1717-18. He m. Jan. 22, 1678, by Gov. Bradstrect, Sarah, dau. 
Stephen Paine of Braintree; she d. Sept. 19, 1742, a. 84. 

67/. .f Hannah, Jan. 21, 1679. 1724, John Crehore of Milton. 

Joseph, May 27, 1681; m. Apr. 4, 1706. Moses, Nov. 20, 1096; m, May 25, 1725. 

Ruhamah Badcock; sett, in Milton. Miriam Vose of Milton. 

John, Mar. 10, 1683. (ACapt. John Bil- Ann, Aug. 4, 1698. 

lings of Milton, m. Mary Vose, Mar. Abigail, Feb. 15, 1700. 

10, 1724-5). Elizabeth, June 21, 1701 ; m. Jan. 7, 1719, 

Roger, Jan. 9, 1685. Stephen Baldwin of Weymouth. 

William, fuly 27, i68f);m June 17,1719, Isaac, July 9, 1703; H. C. 1724; m.1728. 

Ruth Crehore; sett, at Stoughton. (?) Beulah Vose; sett, in .\lilton; d. 

Sarah, Feb. 27, 1687-8. 1784. 

Stephen. Aug. 27, 1691 (3). Dau., name unk., alive 1742. 
Mehitable, Jan. 21. 1693-4; m. July i, 


3, Stephen, s. of Roger (2), b. 1691; sett, in Canton. He m. 
June 9, 1724, Elizabeth Fenno; she d. Oct. 17, 1783. 

CV^.f Stephen, Feb. 23, 1725; m. 175 1. Samuel D welly of Sund. and Dfd. 

Belly Kenney; sett, in Canton. Amariah, Oct. 7, 1738; d. young. 

Seth, Feb. t, 1728; rn. 1750, Jerusha Abraham, July 14, 1735; sett, in Hat. 

Redman; sett, in S to ugh ton; d. Aug. Isaac, July 14, 1735; m. Sept. 7, 1769, 

4. 1766. Mary McKendry. 

Roger, Mar. 15, 1730 (4). Jesse, — ; m. Mar. 14,1770, Sarah Bard- 
Jacob, July I, 1732; m. April 3, 1760, well; sett, in Hat. 
Rachel, dau. Philip White. Elijah, Mar. 9, 1748. 
Thomas, Oct. 14, 1735; taxed 1775; m. Sarah, May 28 or June i, 1751; said to 
Julyi2, 175 8, Hannah ElmerofSund.; have been b, in Hat.; she m. May 31, 
sett, in Gfd. 1775, Westwood C. Wright. 
Elizabeth, Oct. 14, 1735, m. about 1757, 

4, Roger, s. of Stephen (3), b. 1730; m. abt. 1753, Susanna Wis- 
well of Dorchester; she d. Apr. 6, 1824, a. 92. 

Ch.: Enoch, Oct. 27, 1754; blacksmith (2) Bixby. 

at Bloody Brook. Jesse, May 8, 1765 (5). 

Jonathan, Oct. 29, 1756. Ruth, Aug. 7, 1767; m. Ichabod Gray. 

Hannah, Aug. I, 1759; m. Samuel Bill- Timothy, Aug. 16, 1770(6). 

ings. Susanna, June 17, 1773; m. Hill. 

Elizabeth, Aug. 24, 1761 ; m. Elias Fair- Sarah, July 17, 1776; m. Joseph Heus- 

banks of Francestown, N. H. ton. 

Rhoda, Mar. ig, 1763; m. Asa Downs; 

5, Jesse, s. of Roger (4), b. 1765; Rev. sol. ; sett, at Bloody Brook; 
d. Mar. 19, 1849. He m. Dec. 30, 1789, Eleanor, dau. Joseph Wright; 
she d. Apr. 8, 1791 (?); (2) (pub. June 16, 1792), Lucy, sis. of first 
wife; she d. Dec. 21, 1820, a. 59; (3) Dec. 26, 1821, Olive Edwards 
of Ber.; she d. Sept. 20, 1848, a. 71. 

Ch.: Eleanor, May 15, 1790; m. Nov. Bela Hopkins Tryon; rem. to He- 

25, 1813, Allen Bryant. bron, 111. 

Ira, Dec. 20, 1792 (7). Fanny, Mar. 17, 1801; m. Joseph Kel- 

Susan, Nov. 5, 1794. logg. 

Son, Dec 18, 1796; stillborn. Jonathan, Feb. 15, 1803; d. Sept. 29, 

Dau., Feb. 2, 1798; stillborn. 1S04. 
Harriet, Dec. 29, 1798; m. after 1820, 

6, Timothy, s. of Roger (4), b. 1770; taxed 1792; carpenter; 
was apprenticed to Capt. Hophni King of Nfd. ; d. July 7, i860. He 
ni. Aug. 30, 1795, -'^"lyi dau. Samuel Dwelly; shed. July 21, 1858, a. 

Ch.: Achsah, Jan. 16, 1796; m. May 9, Holland Montague of Granby. 

1816, Pliny Mann. Susan E., Jan. 9, 1812; m. Sept. 29,1835, 

Francis, Aug. 17, 1797; m. June i, 1826, Carver Johnson. 

Amanda, dau. Capt. Wm. Tryon. Charles Williams, Feb. 21, 1815 (10). 

Amy, Sept. 13, 1800; d. May 8, 1801. Timothy Dwight, May 27, i8i7;d. Dec. 

Lathrop, Apr. 28, 1802 (8). 2, 1834. 

Harriet D., Aug. 4, 1804; m. Oct. 18, Anna, Sept. 21, 1820; d. May 8, 1821. 

1826, Dexter Clark of Nhn. Martha, Feb. 13, 1825; m. Mar. 25, 

Samuel Dwelly, Sept. 22, 1806 (9). 1851, Samuel D. Downes. 
Mary A., Jan. 20, 1809; m. Nov. 3, 1831, 

7, Ira, s. of Jesse (5), b. 1792; wheelwright at Bloody Brook. 


He m. Oct. 13, 181 8, Eunice, dau. 'rinicjtliy Tryon of Bucklaiul; she 
d. Apr. 23, 1864, a. 67. 

C//..' Roxana Wright, July 24, 1819; m. 1856, Harrielte Dickinson nf Mad. 

Oct. 19, 1841, Chas. VV. Hillings. Harriet C, Aug. i, 182S; m. Nov. 29, 

Eliza Ophelia, Feb. 28, 1821: m. May 1859, Alfred G. I^o\ve. 

19, 1846, Wm. T. Clapp of Con. Jesse Edwards, Jan. 9, 1831; m. June 

George F., Jan. 4, 1823; m. Nov. 24, 18, 1862, Lucy Chittenden. 

1853, Jane M. Wilson of Franccstown. Benjamin F., Feb. 10, 1S34. 

Edwin Tryon, Nov. 20, 1824: a portrait Laura J., Sept. 6, 1836; m. Mar. 1880. 

painter of note living in Boston; in. James Tuckerman of Greeley, Col. 

Aug. 22, 1867, Frances E. Keller of Eunice A., .Xug. 10, 1S38; m. Feb. 8, 

Boston. 1876, W. Newton Nims of Gfd. 
Ira Austin, Oct. 29, 1826; m. Jan. 15, 

3, I>.\riiRf)P, s. of Tiniotliy (6), b. 1802; watch maker at IMoody 
]h-()ok. He 111. -Vpr. 1836, Isabella lliilse; (2) ('liarloite Haynes. 

C/i.: Joseph Lalhrop, Mar. 4, 1837; lost George Lewis, [uly 25, 1855. 
on a trip to Australia. 

9, Samuel n.,s. of Timothy (6),b. 1806; tanner at Bloody Brook; 
d. Sept. 28, 1884. tie m. May 28, 1833, Lanra, dau. Chas. Clapp. 

C//.: Charles Timothy, Apr. 3, 1S34; Henrietta Clai)p, J uly 1 1, 1841 ; 111. .Apr. 

d. Apr. 9, 1S34. 28, 1877, Henry Baum. 

Timothy Dwight, Dec. 19, 1S35; d. Aug. Laura Jane, .Apr. 28, 1845; m. Nov. 28, 

23, 1854. 1S72, Geo. H. White. 

Julia Maria, Sept. 14, 1838; m. June i, Charles Fitch, June 30, 1850; m. Nov. 

1864, Jona. Monson of Johnston, Pa. 28, 1872, Harriet Wilhy. 

10, C'iiARLES Williams, s. of Timothy (6), b. 1815; puni]) maker; 
res. at IJloody Brook. He m. Oct. 19, 1841, Koxana \\ ., dau. Ira 

C/i : Henry Wright, Dec. 26, 1845. Clara Beals, (adopted), July 19,1855. 

John Milton, Mar. g, 1851. 

BILLINGS, Thf.odork; "wife d. .Aug. 2, 1837, a 29." 

BILLINGS, William, constable 1720. 

BIRGtE, John, b. abt. 1727; hatter; came fr. Nhn. bef. 1769; he 
was prob. s. of that John Birge of Nhn. who m. Nov. 9, 1702, Abi- 
gail Marshall; was a sol. in the campaign of 1757. He m. l^sther 

, who was rec'd by the chh. here fr. the chh. in Spencer, May 

22, 1774; she d. Nov. 1803, a. 69. 

CA.:\ Bohan, Sept. 15, 1772; appears John, Nov. 14, 1776; d. July 24, 1778. 
to have d. bef. 1789. John, May 27, 1780; rem. to Bratt; ret. 

Abi, Aug. 22, 1774; alive 1789. and d. here s. />., Apr. 21, 1859. 

1, BLACKLER, John, said to have been one of Burgoyne's men; 
in some battle of the Rev. a bullet struck a crown piece in his pock- 
et, which thus saved his lite; this coin, indented by the bullet, is pre- 
served among his descendants; [E. I). Blackler, Aug. 1879.] he lived 
at Wisdom; d. Mar. 24, 1821, a. 63. He m. Sarah Allen of New Sa- 
lem; she d. Apr. 13, 1841. 


C/i.:-\- John, June 29, 17S2 (2). Brookheld, Vt. 

Polly, Nov. 3, 1790; m. Sept. 4, 180S, Francis, — ; sett, in Cherry Valley, N. 

Cyrus Brown. Y. 

Fanny, Oct. 28, 1793; m. Jan. i , 1S16, Prob. Elizabeth, who was pub. to Rich- 
David Allen of Gfd. aid Wells of Gfd. Jan. 4, 1812. 

Lytnan, Aug. 14, 1798; m. ; rem. to 

2, John, s. of John (i), b. 1782; lived in Wisdom; d. Dec. 18, 
1855. He m. Aug. 15, 1805, Sally, dau. Joseph Sweet; she d. 1807, 
a. 29; (2) (pub. Apr. 22, 1810, ) Clarissa, dau. Jona. Chapman; (3) Hul- 
dah (Peck), wid. of Samuel Lanfair; she d. i)ec. 12, 1854, a. 59. 

C/i.: Wyinan Hawks, Nov. 28, 1805. 28, 1848, Esther Burley. 

Carlos VVoodbridge, Sept. 3, 1807. Baxter Findley, July 11, 1816. 

Sally Maria, Dec. 11, 1810; m. Charles Phebe Ann, Jan. 6, 1819; m. Ba.xter 

Plumley. Lanfair. 

Malancv Sweet, Mar. 11, 1813; m. E. Theodore Lyman, May i, 1825; m.Mar- 

M. K'imball of Gill. tha, dau. Daniel D. Ball. 
Edwin D wight, July 25, 1814; m. Apr. 

BLANCHARD, John, 1771-2. 

BLANCHARU, Joshua, 1771. He m. Jan. 17, 1774, Mehitable 

BLISS, David, trader on the David Field lot; d. of consumption. 
He in. Polly Stebbins of Springfield. 

C/i./-\ David, Lucy. 

1, BLODGET, , of Lexington; had sons, Simeon, a sol. at 

siege uf Boston, May 2, 1775; Samuel, Josiah, Timothy (2); Isaac. 

2, TiMOiHV, abt. 1740; b. and lived in Lexington until abt. 17 — , 
when he came to Dfd.; d. Jan. 13, 1831, a. 90. He m. Melicent Per- 
ry, whose father had rem. fr. Noddle's Island to Lexington abt. 1760; 
she prob. d. May 8, 1827, a. 79; Mary Perry, mother of Melicent, I 
suppose, d. in this family, May 14, 1799, a. 82. 

C/i.: Timothy, 1768(3). Joseph, 1778(5). 

Thadeus, 1770; m. Mar. 3, 1794, Sally Mary, 1780; m. Feb. 28, 179S, Silas 

Tuttle; had a large family; rem. to Hawks. 

York State. Melicent, 1782; m. Feb. 26, iSoi, Wait- 
Levi, 1772; m. ; had a large family ; rem. " still Hawks. 

fr. town. Sally, 1784; m. John Legate. 

Lucy, 1774; m. Sept. 19, 1792, Asaph Lucretia, 1786; d. 17S8. 

Mitchell. Simeon, 1788 (6). 

Samuel. 1776 (4). Edmund, Aug. 30, 1790. 

3, Timothy, s. of Timothy (2), b, 1768. He m. 1789, Elizabeth 
Stiles of Wendell. 

C/i.-' \ Parma, May i, 1790. Joseph, Timothy, Fanny, Lorinda, 

Ashley, Mar. 24, 1792. Ro.xanna. 

4, Samuel, s. of Timothy (2), b. 1776. He m. abt, 1795, Susan- 
na (Harper?). 


Ch.:\ Samuel, June 15, 179^). Lyman, Harriet, Armina, Lury Har- 

Elvira, Aug. 13, 1798. per, Jackson, William. 

Sukey, Dec, 18, iSoo. 

5, Joseph, s. of Timoth)' (2), b. 17 78. He in. Oct. 11, 1798, 
Thankful, dan. Waitstill Hawks. 

Ch.:\ Foster, Dec. 28, 1798. Tryphosa, Apr. 7, 1S08. 

Sally, Aug. 4, 1800. Edmund, July 31, 1810. 

Joseph, July 25. t8o2. Susanna, June 8, 1812; d. Sept. i, 1813. 

Prescott. July 12, 1804. Susanna, June 9, 1S14. 

Selah, May 30, 1806; d. May 30, iSil. Adeline, Angcline, Levi. 

6, Simeon, s. of Timothy (2), b. 178S. He m. I.ydia, dan. Zeb- 
ediah (Graves; d. Sept. 2, 1842. 

Ch,: Simeon, Jan. 2, 1S12. Cephas, Oct. 29. 1820. 

Leonard Graves, May 16, 1813. Almira, Apr. 10, 1825. 

BODMAN, Joseph, fr. Hat., 1686, to which town he returned aft. 

1702, where he d. Jidy 8, 171 1, a. 56. He ni. Hepsibali ; she 

d. Jan. 15, 1686; (2) Mav 4, 1687, Naomi, dan. I^^dward Chm-ih of 

r//..f Infant, (1 Jan. 1686, a. 2 weeks. Mary, Feb. 12, 1704; m. 1744, John 

Manoah, Mar. 29, i692;(l. .v./. inSund. Hillings. 

1759. Lydia, July 30, 1707; m. Samuel Har- 

William, Jan. 5, 169S; d. 1723. vey. 

Sarah, Apr. i, 1701; m. Thomas Keet. Samuel. 

BOND, Seth, Hoosack, 1817. 
BOOTH, Edward, d. 1787. 
BOWMAN, William, 17 17. 

1, BOYDRN, John, fr. Andover, May 1763; sett, in Con.;d. 
Oct. 10, 1819. He m. Sarah ; (2) Wid. Esther Farnsworth. 

Ch.:\ John, Jan. 29, 1764(2). Daniel, 1777(6). 

James (3). Samuel. 

Frederick, abt. 1768(4). Ambrose, 1789(7). 

Simeon (5). David, — ; m. May 31, 1826, Freclove 

Sally, — ; m. — Nims, s. of Arial. Parker, both of Con. ; drowned Sept. 

Hannah, abt. 1774; m. Oct. 25, 1795, 17, 1851. 

Thomas Arms. Israel (8). 

Lucy, abt. 1775; m. Oct. 15, 1801, Prob. Joseph, who m. Pricilla Luce, 

James Nims. and lived in Con. 

2, John, s. of John (i), b. 1764; Rev. sol.; was at Saratoga and 
at VVest Point when the treason of .Arnold was discovered; d. in Con., 
Oct. 2, 1857. Hem. Eunice Hayden; (2) May 16, 1835, Mary Jones 
of Phillipston. 

Ch.: William, Nov. 3, 1786. Abner Arms; (2) Theodore Hale. 

Luther, Sept. 30, 1788. Dexter, Sept. 16, 1794. 

Augustus, Aug. 22, 1790. Nathaniel, Aug. 6, 1796; grad. Dfd. 

Electa, July 8, 1792; m. Jan. i, 1S12, academy; sol. in war of 1812; grad. 


Union C. 1821; studied law with bald Henderson. 

Hon. Moses Hayden, N. Y. City; sett. Moses, Aug. 20, 1798. 

in N. C; in state legislature 1838-40; Dennis F., Sept. 19, i3oo. 

senate 1844; M. C. 1847-6S; Judge of Dau., May 22, 1802; d. in infancy. 

Supreme Court 1881; d. Nov. 5,1873; Lester L., July 31, 1803; m. Cynthia 

m. 1825, Ruth, dau. Hugh Martin of Leonard; had a large family which 

Stokes Co., N. C; (2) Dec 1845, Mrs. he deserted. 

Jane C. Mitchell, dau. Hon. Archi- 

3, Jaimes, s. of John (i), clothier; sett, in Nfd. He m. Feb. 29, 
1789, Susanna, dau. Alexander Norton. 

C/i.:-\ Julia, — ; m. (pub. Jan. 8, 1822) Bernard, — ; m. Leanthy . 

Elbridge G. Stebbins. 

4, Frederick, s. of John (i), b. abt. 176S; lived at Mill River; 
d. Apr. 12, 1842. He m. Rachel (Sprague ?) she d. July 17, 1834, a. 
64; (2) Susan, (Chase) wid. of Levi Hawks; she m. (3) Dan'l Boyden, 
and (4) Stearns of Con. 

C/i.: Theodotia, Feb. 28, 1794. Sarah J., Sept. 179S; d. Mar. 14, 1804. 

Frederick, July 5, 1795; d. July 12,1795. Marcia Sprague, Jan. 23, 1801 ; m. Apr. 

Son, Sept. 24, 1796; d. same day. 9, 1819, Samuel Stebbins. 

Ora Sprague, Oct. 12, 1797; m. Dec. 8, Elihu Wright, Jan. 14, 1804. 

1S25, Capt. Loring Thayer. George Washington, Nov. 21, 1806. 

5, Simeon, s. of John (i), b. abt. 1770; weaver and clothier in 
Nfd.; rem. to Boston, where he and his sons became famous land- 
lords at the "City Tavern" and the "Tremont House." He m. Sept. 
io> 1 795) Rhoda, dau. Oliver Watriss of Nfd.; (2) Lucy . 

C/i.: Lucy, Nov. 13, 1795. Frederick, June 22, 1805. 

John, Jan. 12, 1798. George, Aug. 28, 1807. 

Mari.i, Apr. 4, 1800; d. Apr. 11, 1802. Mary A., by 2d wife;she m. Tops- 

Dwight, Jan. 10, 1S02. field. 

6, Daniel, s. of John (i), b. 1777; butcher; lived in Con. and Dfd.; 
d. May 28, 1858. He m. May 6, iSoo, Charlotte (roodney; she d. 

Feb. 2, 1837; a. 62; (2) Anna ; she d. Oct. 3, 1841, a. 53; (3) 

Susan, wid. of Frederick, his brother; she m. (4) Stearns of Con. 

C"/;..- Charles, Oct. 5, 1801 ; went South. Dwight, Sept. 15, 1811; m. Clarissa 

Maria, July 4, 1803; m. June 18, 1829, Hamilton, who d. Mar. 4, 1845, a. 

John Horton, Jr., of Newburyport. 22; (2) Mar. 2, 1851, Minerva Wait; 

Minerva, July 26,1804; m. June 26,1825, lived in Con. and Dfd. 

E. Saunders. Daniel Whiting, Oct. 14, 1813; m. Sept. 
Mary Nims, Feb. 14, 1806; prob. m. " 17, 1840, Marinda Rartlett; she d. 

Orrin Brown. June 3, 1864; (2) Jan. 4, 1865, Mrs. E. 

Emily, Dec. 20, 1807; ni. Apr. 17, 1828, H. Whitcomb. 

Cephas Clapp. Son, b. and d. Apr. 12, 1815. 

Frederick, Nov. 20, 1809; was an M.D.; Samuel, Mar. 6, 18 17. 

sett, in Winchester, N. H. 

7, Ambrose, s. of John (i), b. 1789; shoemaker; d. Nov. 2, 1S20. 
He m. Dec. i, 1815, Mahala Hill of Brookfield; she lived a wid. fif- 
ty-four yrs. and d. Mar. 2, 1875, a. 84. 

C/i.: Laura, Oct. 23, 1S16; m. Oct. 10, Ambrose, June 10, 1820; m. June 2r, 

1844, Edward Smead of Shel. 1849, Adeline, dau. David Graves; 

Fanny, Mar. 4, 181S; m. July 18, 1844, d. Aug. 23, 18S4. 
Charles Sheldon; (2) Kitridge Hill. 


8. IsRAici., s. uf John (i), lived in Wluit. and Bloody Brook. He 
ni. (pub. vSept. 15, 1822) ]>oama, dau. Bt-nj. Oraham; she d. Oct. 7, 
1829, a. 31; (2) (pub. Feb. ly, 1831) Sophia, dau. Azariah Cooley. 

67/. .-f Esther, June 4, 1S23. Augustus, Aug. 5, 1826. 

Royal Gilson, May 29, 1825. 

BRADLEY, Joseph, carpenter and mason, 1780; d. Nov. 11, 1813. 
He m. abt. 1788, Lydia, dau. lienj. Munn, wid. of John Saxton; she 
d. Feb. 10, 1844, a. 95. 

C/i.:\ Polly, Oct. 19, 1789; ni. Hcnj. I'hilo, July 11, 1791 ; d. Jan. 2, 1792. 

Street; she d. Jan. 29, 1812. 

1, BRIDGES, Edmund, came over fr. F<;nch)n 1635 at the a. of 

23; sett, at Lynn; d. Jan. 13, 1685, at Ipswich. He m. Alice ; (2) 

Elizabeth ; she d. at Ipswich Dec. 1664; (3) Apr. 6, 1665, Mary, 

wid. of Richard Littlehale, mother of John Littlehale, who was k. 
with Lothrop. 

C/i.:\ Edmund, abt. 1637(2). Mary Smith; (2) Elizabeth . 

John, ;m.Dec. 5, 1666; Sarih, dau. Mackaliah, — ; cast away at sea, 1671. 

James Howe of Ipswich; (2) Mar. i, Josiah, — ; m. Nov. 13, 1676, Elizal^elh 

1677-8, wid. Mary Post. Norton;(2)Sept. 19,1677, Ruth Green- 

Mehitable, Mar. 26, 1641. slop. 

Belhia, ; m.Oct. 26, 1668, Joseph Faith, ; m. Daniel (?) Black. 

Peabody. Mary. 

Obadiah, abt. 1646; m. Oct. 25, 1671, 

2, Edmund, s. of Edmund (i). of Topsfield and Salem; d. June 
24, 1682. Hem. Jan. 11, 1659-60, Sarah, dau. William Towne of 
Salem; she m. (2) Peter Cloyes. 

C/i.: Edmund, Oct. 4, 1660; m. Eliza- ; sett, at Framingham. 

beth, dau. John (?) Croade of Salem, Mary, A[)r. 14, 1667. 

b. 1660; d. June 4, 16S2. Hannah, June g, 1669. 

Benjamin, Jan. 2, 1664-5; m. Elizabeth Caleb, June 13, 1677(3). 

3, Caleb, s. of Edmund (2), b. 1677; mason; sett, in Framing- 
ham. He m. Nov. 26, 1700, Sarah, dau. John Brewer, b. Jan. 4, 1768. 

C//..- Balhsheba, Jan. 19,1702-3; d. Nov. Bethia, Feb. 14, 1712; m. Nov. 22, 1749, 

I, 1739. Henj. Nurse. 

Hackaliah, May 30, 1705; m. 1728, Sa- Henj., Sept. 19, 1714;^- Oct. 6, 1739. 

rah Rugg. Sarah, Aug. 26, I7i6;d. Nov, 18, 1739. 

Caleb, Aug. 24, 1708 (4). lona. Mar. 19, 1719-20; d. Apr. 4, 1720. 

Martha, Mar. 28, 1710; m. Jan. 13, 1732, David, m. Apr. 25. 1750, 

Abram Ball of Hull. Keziah Drury. 

4, Caleb, s. of Caleb (3), b. 1708, Framingham; dea. chh. 1743; 
of Spencer 1768. He m. Sept. 23, 1731, Elizabeth Stanhope. 

C/i.: Elizabeth, July 13, 1732. war; m. Nov. 14, 1764, Lucy Parker. 

Isaac, Apr. 15, 1734 (5). Gideon. Sept. 18. 1744; m. Isabella 

Edmond, July 10, 1736; wounded in Nichols. 

French war. Anna, Sept. 18, 1744. 
Caleb, Jan. 22, 1738; wounded in Fr. 

5, Isaac, s. of Caleb (4), b. 1734; sol. in French and Indian war. 


wounded at Cruwn Point; lived in Spencer, Brookfield, Barre, Oak- 
ham, New Braintree, Ufd., where he d. Jan. 14, 1821. He ni. 1759-60, 
Mary Mixter; she d. in Dfd., Feb. 2, 1816, a. 74. 

Cli.: Molly, Dec. 8, 1762, in Spencer; Josiah, May 7, 1773, in Barre; d. abt. 

m. Barr of New Braintree. ^793- 

Sarah, Mar. 20, 1765, in Brookfield; m. Willard. Aug. 6, 1775, in Oakham; d. 

Aaron Woods. young. 

Anna, Oct. 8. 1766, in Brookfield; ni. Jonas, Aug. 21, 1777, in Oakham (7). 

David Robinson of Dfd. Betsey, Apr. 12, 17S0, in New Brain- 
Eunice, Jan. 26, 1769, in Brookfield; m. tree; m. Wm. Lawience of N. Brain- 

Sylvanus Taylor of Hardwick. tree. 
Isaac, Apr. 4, 1771, in Brookfield (6). 

6, Isaac, s. of Isaac (5), b. 1771; sett, in Hardwick; rem. to 
Craftsbury, Vt., bef. 1812; of Dfd. 1817; d. in Muriah, N. Y., Apr. 17, 
1S59. He m. Deborah Cobb, b. in Middletun, |iuie 12, 187-; d. in 
Dfd., May 3. i860. 

C7/..- Eliza A., May 2g, 1795; d. in Hard- Sutid., Oct. 1823. 

wick, Aug. II, 1S77. Martin Kinsley, Aug. i, 1800; d. in 

Benj. Franklin, Apr. 14, 1797(8). Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 1S33. 

Willard M., July 26, 1798; m. July 1821, Jona. Fletcher, Aug. 20, 1802. 

Laura Lyon of N. Y.; k. by being Elizabeth Haskell, Apr. 20, 1S13; m. 

caught by a revolving shaft in the O. T. Richmond; d. in Norwich, N. 

clothier establishment of his br. in Y., Dec. 1848. 

7, Jonas, s. of Isaac (5), b. 1777; Dfd.; d. Apr. 2, 1836. He m. 
Feb. 16, 1806, Harriet A., dau. Thomas Ross. 

C"//..- Antis Cleora, Feb. 7,1807; m. Oct. June 17, 1834. 

7, 1725, Judethan Eaton. {Harriet Amanda, Nov. 6, 1824; m. 
Mariann, Jan. 19, 1809; d. July ii,i8ii. 1S47, Joseph P. Felion of Gfd. 
Frederick A., Mar. 1,1815; d. in Boston 

8, Benjamin F., s. of Isaac (6), b. 1797; in 1811, he with his br. 
Willard, lads of 14 and 12, walked fr. Craftsbury to Dfd., a distance 
of 180 miles; in 181 8 he sett, on the farm at Pine Nook, which he 
still ctiltivates, a hale and hearty farmer of 90 yrs. He m. Dec. 27, 
1821, Eunice, dau. John Clapp; she d. Nov. 5, 1831, a. 28; (2) Dec. 
4, 1832, Harriet A. Hubbard. 

C/i..' Jonathan S., Nov. 10, 1822; d. Dec. Baxter Harding of Con. 

12, 1835. Josephine A., July 24, 1844; m. Apr. 
Marcia Ann, Nov. 28, 1S24; m. June 16, 1866, W. W. Thayer of Dfd. 

13, 1848, Corril Reed of Fair Haven, Marcellus Dow, Dec. 21. 1S46. 

Vt. ^ Pharcellus Dean, Dec. 21, 1846; Maj. 

Jonathan, Apr. 10, 1826. in Mass. militia;rep. selectman, much 

Mary Mi.xter, Nov. 18, 1827. in town business; trustee Dickinson 

Samuel Willard, Jan. 2, 1830. Acad. 

Elizabeth, Aug. 7, 1831. Hubbard C, Mar. 25, 1849; ^- Sept. 25, 

Martin Kinsley, Jan. 14, 1834. 1872. 

Benj. F., Apr. 30, 1836; gen. in Mass. Elizabeth E., June 10, 1851 ; d. Oct. 13, 

militia. 1865. 

Harriet A.. July 22, 1838; m. Apr. 15, James B., Sept. 10, 1853. 

1877, Edward Clary. Rose E., July 15, 1856; m. Edward 

Son, Sept. 25, 1840; d. in 3 days. Grischow. 

Martha J., Apr. 12,1842; m. Oct. i, 1S73, Son, Mar. 21, 1861 ; d. Mar. 26, 1861. 

BRIGHAM, Joel, Pine Nook; from Sudbury, 1824; d. Nov. 16, 
1829. He m. Elizabeth . 



Ch.: Emily, Nov. 17,1812, at Sudbury; 
d. young. 

Abel, Jan. 11, 1814, at Sudbury. 

Charles, Apr. 23, 1S15, at Sudbury. 

Dana, Nov. 23, 1S16, at Sudbury. 

Elbridge (i., Aug. 27, iSiS,at Sudbury; 
m. Martha, dau. Gill Smith; (2) Re- 
becca, wid. Frank Goodnough, dan. 

Erastus Barrett. 
Joel, Apr. 24, 1820, at Sudbury. 
Cephas, Dec. 26, 1S21. 
Leander, Mar. 23, 1823. 
Lorenzo, Sept. 26, 1824. 
F^lizabeth, April 15, 1826. 
Horace, Mar. ,1830; m.Soplironia Keet. 

BROOKS, JofiN, ta.xcd 1775. 

BROOKS, Thomas, was here 17S8, with wife Lucy and ch. Thom- 
as, John, Elijah, Surctis, Thetis and Clarissa, but they soon disap- 

1, BROOKS, ^\'ILL1AM, 1). 1610; came from London to Va., 1635; 
was at Spfd., 1653; of Dfd., 1686; d. Dec. 30, 1688. He m. Oct. 18, 
1654, Mary, dau. Henry Burt of Nhn.; she d. Aug, 30, 1689. 

Ch.: Remembrance, — ; m. Jan. 7, 1^)74, 

James Brown. 
William, Aug. 18, 1655; k. by Indians 

at VVfd., Oct. 27, 1675. 
John, Feb. 10, 1657; k. with his bro. 

Sarah, May 4, 165S; m. July 11, 167S, 

Jona. Taylor, Jr. 
Mary, Dec. 29, 1659; d. bef. 1677. 
Patience, June 5, 1661; m. abt. 16S0, 

Thomas Taylor of Spfd. 
Ebenezer, Dec. 21, 1662 (2). 
Nathaniel, May 9, 1664 (3). 
Abigail, Jan. 25, 1665-6; m. Dec. 10, 

1685, Samuel Stebbins, his second 

n'ife, and d. a wid. 1720. 
Joseph, Oct. 10, 1667 (4). 
Mercy, Aug. 25, 1669; m. 1690, Samuel 

Benjamin, Jul3'2 5, 1671; sol. in Father 

Rasle's war; sett, in Spfd. ; had 10 ch. 
Deliverance, Feb. 2, 1672: m. Dec. 4, 

1708, wid. Mary Burt or Brooks? ; 

sett, in Brookfield. 
Thankful, Feb. 2, 1672, d. young. 
Jonathan, Oct. 13, 1674; rem. to Spfd. 

abt. 1701; of Long Island 1725. 
Mary, July i, 1677. 
Thankful, Sept. ig, 1679; m. Nov. 24, 

1699, Josiah Church. 

2, Ei'.ENEZER, s. of William (t), b. 1662; house burnt 1704; all his 
family escaped, but by what means can only be conjectured; often 
in town ofifice; living 1720. He m. Elizabeth, dau. Daniel Belding. 

Ch.:\ William, Oct. 12, 1695; d. same 

John, Oct. 20, 1696; d. Dec. 9, 1696. 
John, prob. sol. in Father Rasle's war. 

Ebenezer, Mar. 24, 1701-2. 
Elizabeth, Oct. 9, 1706. 
Jonathan, Nov. 17, 1709. 
Esther, Sept. 15, 1715. 

3, Nathaniel, s. of William (i), b. 1664; house burned and 
whole family cap. 1704; he alone came back; was recovered by Ens. 
John Sheldon on his second expedition to Can. He m. ALiry. dau. 
Zebediah Williams; on the eighth day's march towards Canada, she 
went to Mr. Williams, her minister, and told him she had been dis- 
abled by a fall on the ice, causing a miscarriage during the night, 
and that she should "not be able to travel far, and 1 know they will 
kill me to-day; but God has by his spirit, with his word, strengthened 
me to my last encounter with death. 1 am not afraid of death. I can, 
through the grace of God, cheerfully submit to the will of God. 
Pray for me that God would take me to himself." They parted and 
she went calmly to certain death, Ahir. 7, 1704. He m. (2) Feb. 3, 
1710, Mary, dau. Samuel Allis of Hat., a fellow cap. of 1704. 


Cli.: Mary, Aug. i6, 1696; cap. 1704, I749- 

fate unk. Eunice, Nov. 22, 1714. 

William, Dec. 12, 169S; cap. 1704; fate Aaron, Oct. 17, 1717; m. Apr. 22, 1746, 
unk. Elizabeth, dau. John Allen. 

Nathaniel, Oct. 26, 1710 (5). Moses, Sept. 14, 1722; lived in Mont. 

Samuel, Aug. 20, 1712; m. Mehitable Dina, May 13, 1725. 
; had dau. Mehital'h\ b. July 14, 

4, Joseph, s. of William (i), 1). 1667; clothier; was in the Meadow 
fight and in Father Rasle's war; lived in Wapping; rem. to Nfd. aft. 
1732; d. 1743. Hem. Dec. 8, 1698, Lydia, dau. Isaac Warner. 

Cli.: Silence, Sept. 7, 1701; m. June 7, Hannah, July 15, 1710. 

1720, Edmund Grand}*. Joseph, Feb. 3, 1714 (6). 

Mary, Feb. 14, 1704; d. unm. in Nfd. Sarah,Mar. 4, 1715-16; m. Mar. 27, 1754, 

[line 10,1775; "some overfjofrecord. John Heaman. 

Lydia, Nov. 25,1706; m. El)enezer War- Benjamin, Feb. 26, 1717-18(7). 

ner. Ruth, Jan. 20, 1720; d. Apr. 10, 1721. 

Abigail, Oct. 15, 1708. Daniel, Mar. 25, 1722(8). 

5, Nathaniel, s. of Nathaniel (3), b. 17 10; sol. in Father Rasle's 
war; lived at Cheapside 1734; rem. to Winchester, N. H., aht. 1735; 
thence to Gfd. abt. 1743; was cap. by Indians at Country Farms, Aug. 
23, 1756; was in Can., Sept. 1758, and was not aft. heard of. He m. 
Dec. 8, 1734, Abigail, dau. John Allen of Gfd.; she d. Sept. 30, 1745, 
a. 28; (2) Oct. 25, 1750, Rebecca, (Clary) wid. of P2zekiel Bascom; 
she d. Apr. 12, 1776, a. 75. 

Ch.: Abigail, Apr. 5, 1735; m. Jan. g, a wife and 3 ch. in 1778. 

1754, Elisha Weils. Eunice, May 2, 1739. 

Eliakim.Nov.ii, 1736; was oneof Capt. William, Mar. 18, 1740-1; prob. d. in 

Burke's Rangers 1757; under Capt. Gfd., Sept. 2, 1762. 

John Hawks in last French war; had Nathaniel, Oct. 8, 1743. 

6, Joseph, s. of Joseph (4), b. 17 14; trader; lived in Dfd. and 
Had. He m. Dec. 22, 1748, Miriam Wright; she m. (2) July 7, 1768, 
Jona. Sprague of (ifd. 

Ch.:\ Tirza, Feb. 10, 1754. Miriam, Feb. 9, 1761; m. Apr. 2, 1779, 

Uri, (son) July 8, 1759. ' John Moseley. 

7, Benjamin, s. of Joseph (4), b. 17 18; sett, in Nfd.; sol. in the 
old and the last French wars; d. June 15, 1786. He m. Mary, dau. 
Benj. Miller of Nfd. 

Ch.: Lydia, Nov. 11,1750. 1780. 

Benjamin, July 12, 1752. Ruth, Jan. 6, 1760; m. Oct. 30, 1774, 

Mary, Mar. 2, 1754; m. June i, 1775, Enos Denio. 

Joseph Fuller. Annis, Nov. 28, 1760. 

Cephas, Jan. 10, 1755; Rev. sol. Lebeus, May 2, 1762. 

Thaddeus, Sept. 16, 1756; Rev. sol. at Jerusha, Feb. 16, 1765. 

Burgoyne's surrender; at West Point Persis, Oct. 22, 1766. 

1780. Joseph, July 13, 1769. 

Alpheus, May 18, 1758; Rev. sol. at Elnathan, bap. June 19, 1774; d. Aug. 

Burgoyne's surrender; at West Point I774- 

8, Daniel, s. of Joseph (4), b. 1722; sol. fr. Dfd. in both French 
wars. He m. Sept. 19, 1754, Mary Wright. 


C/i.:\ Euselia, Sept. 4, 1755; cl. Dec. Daniel, Mar. 22, 1759; in. Aw^. 27. 

23. I75(>- 1789, Laura, dau. Nuali Morgan; sell. 

Submit, Dec. (J, 1756; in. Dec. 31, 1778, in Gfd. 

Ebenezer Roberts. 

1, BROUGHTON, John, Wiiul.; rem. to Nhn. as a first sett.; 
where he d. Mar. 16, 1662. He in. Nov. 15. 1650, Hannah, dau. 
Thomas Bascom; she m. (2) Nov. 20, 1662, Wm. Janes, a first sett, 
of Nfd.; she d. Mar., 1681. 

67/. .-f prob. Mary, ; whom. 1674, ILuiiiali, Oct., 1656. 

James Bennet; lie was k. at the Sarah, Aug., 1658; rn. lolin Ilolmesof 

Falls fit;ht the next year; (2) 1O77, Dfd. and Nfd. 

Heni)ni Siebbins; shed. Aug. 2, iGSij. Thomas, Mar. 30, 16G1 (3). 
John, 1654 (2). 

2, John, s. of Jolin (i), b, 1654; sol. 1675 and under Ca|H. 'I"ur- 
ner, Feb., 1676; came here at the permanent settlement; his home 
lot was at Wapping in 1686; rem. to Windham, Ct., bef. 1699. He 
m. Oct. 29, 1678, Elizabeth, dau. Mathew Woodruff of Farmini^ton, 
Ct.; (2) Nov. 19, 1691, Hannah "AUice," prob. dau. John Allis of 

C/i.:\ John, Mar., 16S0. Prob. Mary, ; d. Oct. 4, 1693. 

Prob. Mary, ; d. Oct. 7, 1690. ALiry, Oct. 25, 1693. 

Ebenezer, ; d. Sept. 8, 1692. Hannah, Apr., 1695. 

3, Thomas, s. of John (i), b. 1661; came at the permanent set- 
tlement; lived at the north end of the Street, where he with his wife 
and four ch. was k. by Indians, June 6, 1693; (See ante, p. 231.) his 
estate was appraised by Lieut. Hoyt, Daniel ])eldin<i; and Thouias 
French, three men whose families were soon called ui)on to suffer a 
similar catastrophe; it was valued at ^56, 8s, gd, with debts ^48 and 
credits ^5, 7s, 3d. He in. Nov. 19, 1684, Hester Colton or Cotton; 
names of ch. not known. 

1, BROWN, Cyrus, fr. Halifax, Vt.;sett. at Wisdom; d. Dec. 29, 
1846, a. 60. He m. Sept. 14, 1808, Sarah, dau. John Blackler. 

C//..- Elijah Williams, Ai)r. 6, 1809(2). Elihu, Dec. 16, 1819; sett, in Agawam. 

Sophia, Ian. 19, 181 1; in Gfd. Lyman, Nov. 27, 1821. 

Lewis, May 5, 1813 (3). Martha, Oct. 6, 1824. 

Harriet, Sept. 15, 1815. Wyman, Dec. 30, 1S27. 
Lucinda, Nov. 3, 1817. 

2, Elijah, s. of Cyrus (1), b. 1809; sett, in Putney, Vt. He m. 
(pub. Feb. 4, 1834) Cynthia, dau. Joel DeWolf. 

C/i.: Henry E., Oct. 9, 1835. Sarah, Apr. 26, 1S43. 

lulia S., Jan. 30, 1837. Ellen, Dec.27, 1847; m.Chas. Ma.xikld. 

Otis, Feb. 17, 1840. James, May 5, 1850. 

Orrin, Dec. 14, 1842. Albert, June 11, 1855. 

3, Lewis, s. of Cyrus (i), b. 1813; Capt. Franklin cadets; farmer. 
He m. July 13, 1841, Abigail Crozier of Halifax. 

C/t.: Rufus F., Jan. 31, i84i;m. Apr. 6, 1865, Eunice K., dau. Edwin Nims. 


Mary A., ; m. Wallace Frary; (2) Cyrus, Feb., 12, 1S48; m. Nov., 1S74, 

John J. Grant. Emma Phillips. 

Augustus, Sept. 22, 1S46; m. Ada Ma- Harriet, June 25, 1S51; m. John G. 

son. Phillips. 

BROWN, Darius. He m. Nancy . 

Ch.: Nancy, Aug. 6, 1821. Margaret, Oct. 27, 1830. 

Amanda, Oct. 15, 1823. Esther Maria, Feb. 5, 1S33. 

Sarah, Oct. 30, 1825. Harriet Jeanette, Sept. 5, 1835. 
Charles Anson, Nov. 13, 1S27. 

I5R0WN, Isaac, 177 1-2. 

BROWN, James, of Hat. 1673; Dfd. 1683; ret. to Hat. abt. 1702, 
where he d. July 8, 17 11, a. 56. He m. Jan. 7, 1674, Remembrance, 
dau. William Brooks of Dfd. 

Ch.: Mary, May 26, 1677; m. Sept. 12, Mind well, Nov. 20, 1686; m. Aug. 4, 

1695, John Kibbe of Freshwater. 1713, Joseph Atherton. 

Abigail, Sept. 23, 1678; cap. 1704; m. Hannah, June i, 1688. 

Dec. 31, 1714, John Smcad. Mercy, Jan. 4, 1689-90. 

Thankful, June 7, 1680. Elizabeth, Aug. 3, 1693; d. May 3,1698. 

Sarah, Dec. 14, 1683. John, Feb. 10, 1695; m. Nov. 28, 1725, 

James, Apr. 9, 1685; sett at Colchester. FLinnah Janes of Nfd. 

BROWN, Patience, Dfd. She m. Nov. 27, 1700, Stephen Taylor 
of Hat., was prob. of the al:)ove family. 

BRYANT, Allen, Bloody Brook. He m. Nov. 25, 1813, Eleanor, 
dau. Jesse Billings. 

CJi.: Mariett Amelia, Sept. 5, 1814. Allen, Aug. 12, 1822. 

Lucy Ann, Aug. 2, 1817. Alvin, " " 

Nancy Melvina, Mar. 21, 1820. Sarah Billings, Aug. 7, 1824. 

BUGBRE, EiiENEZER, at Great River; d. Oct. 28, 1810, a. 44. He , 
m. Faitha, dau. John Ball; she d. May 20, 181 2, a. 40. 

BULL, Nathan, 1788. 

1. BULL, Thomas, b. in London 1610; came to N. E. 1635; rem. 
with Hooker and his congregation to Hart., where he became a 
permanent settler; was lieut. in the Pequot war 1637, and in the at- 
tack on the Pequot fort; for this service the General Court gave 
him 100 acres of land; was a capt. in command of the fort at Say- 
brook in 1675, when Andros attempted to get possession of it, and 
his spirited conduct on that occasion and his bold defiance of An- 
dros made him famous in the annals of Ct. ; d. in 1684; inventory of 

estate ^1241. He m. Susanna , who d. 1680, at the a. of 70; (2) 

Wid. Mary Lewis. 

Ch.:\ Thomas (2). Susannah, ; m. Thomas Bunceof 

Jonathan, bap. Mar. 25, 1649 (3). Hart.; she d. 16S3. 

"David, bap. Feb. 9, 1650-1(4). Abigail, ; m. Brick or Breck, 

Ruth, ; m. Andrew Bordman of aft. 1684. 

Cambridge. Joseph (5). 


2, Thomas, s. of Thomas (i), l)lack,siiiith; dea. in Farmington, 
Ct.; d. May 13, 1708, "leaving a good estate." He ni. Aug. 29, 
1669, Esther, dau, John Cowles; she d. Apr. 17, 1691, a. 42; (2) Jan. 
13, 1692, Mary Lewis; she d. Jan. 10, 1728. 

Ch.: jolin, 1670(6). Jonathan, bap. May 14, 16S2; sett, in 

Thomas, 1672; d. Aug., i68g. West IJartford. 

Esther, 1674; d. Aug. iS i68g. Sarah, Ijap. Nov. 5, 1684; m. 1714, Jo- 
Samuel, 1676; sett, in Woodbury, Ct. ; siah Hart. 

alive in 1735. David, June 4, 16S7; in. July 4, 1717, 

Susanna, 1679; "'• •^^P''- 22, 1697, Tim- Sarah, dau. Samuel Ashley; sett, in 

othy Porter. Wfd. 

3, Jonathan, s. of Thomas (i), h. 1649; a brave and notable 
capt. of a company in King William's war; was stationed at Nfd. in 
the winter of 1CS8-9, and took sides with the people against Andros; 
was at Albany the following winter, where he espoused the cause of 
the Convention as against the usuri)er Leyster; was in command of 
the garrison there; d. Aug. 12, 1702. He m. Mar. 19, 1685, Sarah, 
dau. Rev. John \Vhiting; she m. (2) John Hamlin of Aliddletown. 

Cli.: Susanna, Dec. 26, 16S5. Abigail, July 24, 1694. 

Sarah, Aug. 25, 1687. Jonathan, July 14, i6g6. 

Sybil, Apr. 13, 1690. Moses, May 18, 1699. 

Ruth, Apr. 21. 1692; m. Dec. 15, 1715, Ebenezer, Aug. 27, 1701. 
Jona. Wells. 

4, David, s. of Thomas, (1) b. 1651; sett, in Saybrook; consta- 
ble 1686. He m. Dec. 27, 1677, Hannah, dau. Robert Chapman. 

Ch.:\ Susanna, July 4, 1679. Abigail, Mar. 16, 1683; d. June 21, 1683. 

Hannah, Apr. 30, 1681; m. ^ Bates. 

5, Joseph, s. of Thomas (i); sett, in Hart. He m. Apr. 11, 167 1, 
Sarah Manning of Cambridge; she d. 1691 ; per, m. (2) Anna, or Han- 
nah, dau. Michael Humphrey. 

Ch.:\ Sarah, July 11, 1672. Daniel, Nov. 9, 1677. 

Joseph, Aug. 9, 1675. Caleb, Feb. i, 1680. 

6- John, s. of Thomas (2), b. 1670; of Farmington; d. 1705. He 
m. Esther Royce of Hart.; she was living in 1731. 

Ch.:\ Thomas, Oct. 22, 1699; m. June John, Aug. 17, 170?;; ni. 1734, Mercy 
29, 1720, Thankful Hutler. Huck; sett. in Woodbury ; d.abt. 1736. 

Nehemiah, 1701 (7). Ebenezer, Aug. 17, 1705. 

7, Nehemiah, s. of John (6), b. 1701; Y. C. 1723; lie. to preach 
at Hart. June 1, 1725; ordained at Westfield as colleague with Rev. 
Edward Taylor, Oct 26, 1726 — sermon by Wm. Williams of Hat.; in 
1734 was appointed by Gov. Belcher to superintend the Indian Mis- 
sion at Stockbridge, where he bap. the first Indian convert in 1735; 
Mr. Taylor d. June 29, 1729, and Mr. Bull continued pastor until his 
death, Apr. 12, 1740; his journal and account book is in Memorial 
Hall. He m. Feb., 1728, Elizabeth, dau. Edw'd Partridge of Hat., b. 
Oct. 14, 1708. 

Ch.: William, Dec. 3, 1729; a distin- guished physician of Sheffield; m. 



Jane, dau. Col. John Ashley of Shfd. ; 
she m. (2) Rululf Dutchcr; and (3) 
Jiidj^e J. Porter. 
John Partridge, May 7, 1731 (8). 
lustin, Sept. 4, 1733; saddler; d. s. p. 
at Dfd., June 5, 1795; on his grave- 
stone may be read the following epi- 

Tender were his Feelings, 

The Christian was his Friend, 
Honest were his Dealings 
And happy was his End. 

Elizabeth, Oct. 30, 1735. 

Oliver, Nov. 27, 1736; d. Mar. 24, 1737. 

Neheniiah, Apr. 17. 1738; a worthy 
citizen of Lanesboroiigh; dea. and 
esq.; m. hut had no ch ; his will is 
dated Aug. i, 1814, and he d. soon 
after; one of his sayings relating to 
his nephews is preserved, and is 
worth preserving: "As a man is, so 
is his horse; William was gentle, 
Oliver was violent." 

8, John P., s. of Nehemiah (7), b. 1731; this is the first double 
name met in our annals; he sett, in Dfd. as a gun and lock smith; 
was armorer in the regt. of Col. Ephraim Williams in the campaign 
of 1755, and in that of Col. Israel Williams in 1756; in 1760 he 
bought ^i of an acre, part of the lot sequestered for the ministry, and 
built the house occupied by the family of the late Ephraim Williams; 
his shop stood in the lane where the carriage house now stands; 
he d. in Shel. at the house of his son William, Dec. 24, 1813. He 
m. Oct. 5, 1758, Mary, dau. John and Mary (Munn) Catlin; she d. 
June 7, 1781, a. 45. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, Aug. 5, 1759; d- Sept. 

14. 1759- 
Elizabeth, July 25, 1760; m. Feb. 22, 

17S2, David Hoyt. 
William, Sept. 25, 1762 (g). 
Mary, Aug. 8, 1764; engaged to Dr. 

Remembrance Sheldon of Williams- 

town, but never m. ; known as "Aunt 

Molly;" d. Aug. 23, 1S39. 
Oliver, Jan. 15, 1767; farmer; of Dfd. 

1803; d. s. p. 
Samuel, July 11, 1768; d. July 26, 1789. 
Anne, Aug. 13, 1772; d. Sept. 13, 1773. 

9, William, s. of John P. (8), b. 1762; Y. C. 1777; a Rev. sol. 
1780, Adjt. 1799; was skillful in the use of his father's tools at the 
forge; was much interested in music and published a volume with a 
number of his own compositions; rem. to Shel. bef. 1795; studied 
medicine and practiced in Shel. where he d. Apr. 6, 1842. He m. 
Elizabeth Hager; she d. Jan. 8, 1829. 

Ch.: lustin, June C, 1787 (10). George, Mar. 19, 1796 (11). 

William, Feb. 14, 1792; sett, in Utica, John, Nov. 12, 1797; sol. in U. S. 

N. Y. ; had two wives but no ch. ; d. army; d. insane. 

Aug. 29, 1858. 

lOi Justin, s. of William (9), b. 1787; became insane and d. at 
the hospital at Pratt., June, 1845^ m. (pub. Nov. 30, 1809,) Petsey, 
dau. Levi Wells of Gfd. 

Ch.: Lewis, Dec. 17, iSio. 
Charles, Aug. 15, 1S15; disappeared 

James, Oct. 29, 1818; d. insane at Bratt. 
Mary, Nov. 4, 1820; d. at Gfd., 1839. 
George, Oct. 21, 1823; d. Feb. 16, 1S25. 

11, George, s. of William (9), b. 1796; W. C. 1822; practiced 
medicine in Shel.; d. 1885. He m. May 31, 1838, Lucy E., dau. 
Penj. Carter of Warwick; she d. Mar. 10, 1877, a. 63. 

Ch.: Julia Elizabeth, J une 7, 1S39; m. Lucy Emeline, Jan. 30, 1845; d. Oct. 

Charles Robbins. 18, 1862. 

Son, ; d. Nov. 27, 1841. 


BURUICK, John, 1750 (?); rem. to Shel. where he was early a 
leading man; an ardent Whig in the Rev; on Com. of Correspond- 
ence; selectman; rep. to (xen. Court. 

BURGISS, Rdw.ari), 1792. 

UURCrlS, Sally; d. 1793. 

BURNHAM, JosiAH. He m. Margaret . 

C//..f Mailha, liaj). June 5, 1737. 

BURNHAiM, RuKi.; Clieapsidc. He m. Patience . 

Ch.: Scrai)hina, June 22, 1S23. Kucl riiaunccy, Oct. 11, iS27;(l. May 

Julia Ann, June 2f), 1825. 5, 1S31. 

X, lUM-lT, Hknry, of Roxhury 1639, where he lost his house by 
fire; went to Spfd. 1640; was Clerk of the Band and Clerk of the 

Writs; d. Apr. 30, 1662. He ni. Ulalia , who d. Aug. 19 or 29, 


Ch.:\ Sarah, ; m. June 20, 1643, Nathaniel, aht. 1636(3). 

Judah Gre>;r)ry; (2) Heniy Wakclcy. David (4). 

Abigail, ; m. May 8, 1644, Francis Hannah, Apr. 28, 1641; m. Dec. 27, 

Ball; (2) Feb. 2, 1649, Benj. Munn; 1657, John Bagg. 

(3) Dec. 14,1671, Lieut. Thomas Stcl)- Dorcas, — 19, 1643; m. Oct. 28, 1658, 

bins. John Stiles. 

Jonathan, abl. 1630 (2). Patience, Aug. iS, 1645; m. Oct. 7, 1667, 

Elizabeth, — ; m. Nov. 24, 1653; Sani'l John Bliss. 

Wright, Jr. Mercy, Sept. 27, 1647; m. Jan. 8, 1667, 

Mary, ; 111. Oct. iS, 1654, William judah Wright. 

Brooks of Dfd. 

2, JoNAriiAN, s. of Henry (i), b. abt. 1630; Spfd.; dea. and town 
clerk; d. Oct. 19, 1715. He m. at Boston, Oct. 20, 1651, Elizabeth 
I.obdell; she (1. Nov. n, 1684; (2) Dec. 14, 1686, Deliverance, wid. 
of 'I'homas Hanchett. 

Ch.:\ Elizabeth, Dec. 29, 1652; m. Jan. Sarah, Sept. 4, 1656; m. Apr. 22, 1675, 

29. 1673, Victory Sikes. Benj. Dorchester; (2) Feb. 14, 1676-7, 

Jonathan, Sept. 12, 1654; m. Dec. 8, Luke Hitchcock. 

16S1, Lydia Duniblcton; she m. (2) Mary or Mercy, Aug. 7, 1661; d. 1683. 

1709, Daniel Coolcy. Henry, Dec. 11, 1663 (5). 

3, Na in ANiKL, s. of Henry (1), b. abt. 1636; sett, at Longmead- 
ow; d. Sept. 29, 1720. He m. Jan. 15, 1662-3, Rebecca Sikes; she 
d. Jan. 28, 1712. 

Ch.: Nathaniel, Jan. iS. 1663-4; m. Martha Hale; she d. 1714; (2) July 

Jan. 21, 1691, Elizabeth Dumbleton; 15, 1715, loanna, wid Wm. Allen, 

she d. Nov. 3, 1692; (2) Jan. iS, 1699- John, .\ug. 23, 1670; m. Dec. 23, 1697, 

1700, Mary, dau. Chas. Ferry; she Mary, dau. David Lomliard. 

d. June 2, I739;(3) Mar 3, 1740, wid. Sarah, July 17, 1673; d. July 31, 1673. 

Mary Crowfoot. Sarah, Apr. 1675; m. Fet). 8, 1693, Na- 

Rebecca, Dec. 20, 1665; m. Ian. 29, ihaniel Horton of Somers. 

1690, Chas. Ferry. Experience, Jan. 23, 1677-8; m. Feb. 

David, May 20, 166S; m. June 27, 1706, 15, 1705, Thomas Hale; d. Sept. 12, 

BURT. 97 

1719. John Atchinson. 

Dorcas, Feb. 20, 1681 ; m. Feb. 25,1703, 

4, David, s. of Henry (i). a first settler of Nhn.; d. 1690. He 
111. Nov. 18, 1655, Mary, dau. William Holton, the first marriage re- 
corded in Nhn.; she m. (2) Joseph Root. 

C//..- David, July 14, 1656; k. by a cart, 1696, Mindvvell, dau. Capt. John 

Aug. 30, 1660. Taylor. 

Jonathan, May i, 1658; d. 1662. Joseph, Sept. 26, 1673; m. Apr. 16, 1702, 

Henry, Aug. 20, 1660; m. Dec. 12, 1684, Sarah, dau. John Covvles; sett. in Nfd. 

Elizabeth, dau. Alexander Alvord; Mary, May 3, 1676; m. Feb. 14, 1706. 

she d. May 6, 1687; (2) Dec. g, 1687, Dr. Thos. Hastings; (2) May 7, 1713, 

Hannah, dau. Henry Denslow of Samuel Belding, 

Wind. ; she d. May 3, 1689; (3) 1690, Ruth, Apr. 1677; m. Dec. 16, 1710, Ne- 

Mary . hemiah Allen. 

Mary, Mar. 18, 1663: d. Nov. 3, 1666. Benjamin, Nov. 17, 1680 (6V 

Sarah, May 2, 1665; m. May 21, 1688, John, Apr. 29, 1682; cap. at Dfd., Feb. 

Robert Porter. 29, 1704; came home with Ens. Shel- 

Hannah, Sept. 2, 1667; d. May 3, 1689. don Aug., 1706; k. by Indians when 

David, Aug. 25, 1669; lost in the e.xpc- on a scout fr. Dfd. up the Ct. river, 

dition to Schenectady, 1690. May, 1709. 
Jonathan, Sept. 5, iC)7i; m. June 2, 

5, Henry, s. of Jonathan (2), b. 1663; d. Dec. 11, 1748. Hem. 
Jan. 6, 1 688, Elizabeth, dau. James Warriner; she d. Nov. 19, 171 1; 
(2) Apr. 4, 1716, Deborah, dau. John Stebbins, wid. of Benj. Alvord. 
Among their ch. I note only Jonathan, b. Oct., 1705 (7). 

6, Benjamin, s. of David (4), b. 1680; blacksmith; sett, in Dfd., 
whence he and his wife were carried captives, 1704; a child was born 
45 days later; all came back in safety, and another child was added 
to the family on the voyage homeward; he rem. to Norwalk, Ct., and 
in Nov., 17 12 to Ridgefield, where he d. May 20, 1759. He m. Oct. 
9, 1702, Sarah, dau. Daniel Belding. 

Cli.: Christopher, b. on the march to Sarah, June 4, 1714; prob. m. Noah Ba- 

Can., Apr. 14, 1704. ker of Nhn. 

Seaborn, b. on the return, July 4, 1706. Daniel, July 8, 1716. 

Benjamin, Feb. 5, 1707-8. Thankful, Oct. 9. 1718; d. Sept. 22,1719. 

Abigail, Nov. 8, 1709. Thankful, Oct. 7, 1721. 

John, Nov. 9, 171 T. Mary, Sept. 19, 1724. 

7, Jonathan, s. of Henry (5), b. 1705; Lieut; of Dfd. 1729; was 
an original grantee of Road Town 1735; '^^ \'^v^\\t the first house in 
the new town; the first town meeting was held at his house, June 6, 
1739; prob. returned to Dfd. abt. 1746; d. Sept. 17, 1752. He m. 
July 5, 1729, Bridget, dau. Dr. John Barnard of Had. ; shed. Apr. 
12, 1792, a. 83. 

Ch.: Jonathan, Aug. 15, 1730; d. Sept. Rachel, Feb. 2, 1734-5: d. Oct. 20, 1752. 

21,1752. Ebenezer, July II, 1737 (8). 

Dau., Mar. 6, 1731-2; d. next day. Bridget, abt. 1746; d, Dec. 20, 1797, a. 

Simeon, Apr. i, 1733; served in last 51. 

French war, 1755-6; Rev. sol.; lived Experience, Dec, 1749. 

on house lot No. 6. 

8, Ehenezer, s. of Jonathan (7), b. 1737; weaver; lived at Wrap- 
ping; rem. 1815 to Bratt., where he d. June 5, 1825. He m. 1762, 


Abigail Bartlett; she d. Apr. 16, 1785; (2) 17S7, Anna Barbary Crum- 
er, a Prussian, wid. of Capt. I'aine of Cape Cod; she (.1. at liratt., 1821. 

Ch.: Jonathan, May 11, 17G3; d. July Enos, Sept. 22, 1777; d. Feb. 18, 1778. 

6, 1767. Clara, Dec. 12, 177S; m. Dec. 4, 1S08, 
Elizabeth, July 17, 1765; m. July 4, Abijah Stearns of Con. 

1789, Abiathar Joy of Guilford, Vt. Sophia, Feb. 4, 1781; m. Aug. 31, 1802, 
Abigail,Jan. 21, 1769; m. Benton Dens- James Nevvhall of Con. 

more; (2) Zebulon Butler of Seneca. Charissa.Jan. 26, 1783; m. Jan. 23, 1806 
Jonathan, Aug. 25, 176S (9). Roswell Doolittle of Jamaica, Vt. 

Ebenezer, Apr. 27, 1770; m. iSoo, Sally Enos 11., Apr 12, 1785; m. Apr. 12, 

Crittenden of Con.; rem. to Seneca, 1S06, Mary, dau. Oliver Athertoii. 

N. Y.;d. 1837. Catherine, Feb. 28. 1788; m. Mar. 4, 
Susanna, Oct. 11, 1772; m. Oct. 9, 1792, 1813, Thomas Crosby of Bratt. 

Lewis Joy of Guilford. "Miss Susanna Paine, daughter-in-law 
Sarah, .Aug. 15, 1774; m. Sept. j, 1794, of Ebenezer Burt, d. ai Dfd., Aug. 2, 

David Wells of Dfd. 1S03, a. 23." 

9, Jonathan, s. of Ebenezer (2), b. 1768; rem. to Bratt., 1794; 
thence to Guilford, Vt., where he d. Oct. 3, 1829. lie ni. Mar. 2, 
1794, Bathsheba Woodward of Shel.; she was b. in Taunton and d. 
in Phelps, N. Y., Mar. 4, 1842. 

Ch.: Erastus, Jan. 7, 1795; m. .Aug. 5, E. Jacobs. 

1S18, Elizabeth, dau. Joseph Hall of Jonathan, Oct. 4, 1804; M. D. ; m. Feb. 

Phelps; res. in Phelps, Newark, N. 28, 1832, Mary A. Harris; sett, in 

J., and Kendall, N. Y., where he d. Phelps. 

Nov. 4, 1844. Hollis, Mar. 24, 1809; m. Jan. 27, 1836, 

Ebenezer, Aug. 23, 1796; d. Dec. 17, Electina Aldrich of Guilford; rem. 

1800. to Stamford, Vt., thence to North 

David W., July 31, iSoo; blacksmith; Adams; d. May 6, 1S65. 

m. Aug. 22, 1S18, Lucretia, dau. Jas. Abigail, Mar. 4, 1815; m. May 2, 1836, 

Reed, b. Apr. 10, 1800; he d. July Francis P. Adams of Guilford; rem. 

20, 1833. to Branford, C. E. 
Susanna, Apr. 2, 1802; m. 1823, Isaac 

1, BURT, Ithamar, s. of Daniel, b. 1755; tailor; of Dfd. 177S; 
rem. to Guilford, Vt., 1800; later to Adams, N. ¥.; in 1837 to Copen- 
hagen, N. v., where he d. Sept. 25, 1841. He m. Dec. 6, 1781, Pru- 
dence, dau. Thomas Dickinson; she d. Feb. 10, 1843. 

Ch.: Rodney, May 2, 1782 (2), Israel Kellogg of Copenhagen. 

Pamelia, Dec. 27, 17S3; m. Apr. 13, John Morgan, Dec. i, 1791 (4). 

180S, Klihu Field, Jr., of Guilford, Vt. .Alva, Mar. 6, 1793; d. Mar. 23, 1793. 

Consider Dickinson, Feb. 3, 1787 (3). Harriet, Jan. 3, 17'J7; "i- Apr. 2, 1S15, 
Honor, Dec. 16, 1788; m. Jan. 8, 1817, Daniel Griffin of Sacketts Harbor. 

2, Rodney, s. of Ithamar (i), b. 1782; a sea captain 1804; dur- 
ing the Embargo Act he sailed under Portuguese and Spanish colors; 
was well versed in the languages of France, Spain and Portugal; was 

• of Adams, N. Y., 1815; rem. to Sacketts Harbor bef. 1840; thence 
to Meadville, Pa., where he d. Apr. 9. 1861. He m. Sept. 17, 1812, 
Nancy, dau. Johrv Morris of East Haven, Ct. ; she d. Jan. 13, 1869, 
a. 80. 

Ch.: Elihu Field. July 9, 1815; a sea Anne E., Oct. 19,1819; m. Dec. 12, 1839, 

captain; d. in N. Y., Jan. 11, 1S49. Leon D. V. Shaituck of Meadville. 

Hamil Newel, June 30, 1817; m. Henry Mary E., Nov. 4, 1823; m. May 15, 1847, 

George of Coldwater, Mich. Abram Holmes of Conneautville, Pa. 



Nancv Judson, Feb. 2, 1826; d. Nov. 7, 

George Rodney, Feb. i, 1829; res. on 
the Fiji Islands; "in 1S68 his planta- 
tion was attacked by the natives, 
himself and partner, Underwood, 
were knocked down and injured; 
four Coolies and two ch. were k. and 

eaten, together with six horses, sev- 
eral cows, 50 pigs and 60 goats; 
burned all the buildings and 150,000 
pounds of Sea Island Cotton which 
was prepared to ship upon a vessel 
which then lay in the offing." [Letter 
fr. Rodney B. Field.] 

3, Consider D., s. of Ithamar (i), b. 1787; M. D. ; lived in 
Adams, Columbus, O., and d. in Belleville, 111., Mar. 10, 1859. He 
m. 1830, Elizabeth, dau. Arthur Fenner of Ohio; she d. 1835. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, 1831; m. and d. in Jas- Arthur Fenner, 1833. 
per Co., Ind. 

4, John M., s. of Ithamar (i 
to 1819, when he rem. to Adams; 
1832. He m. Feb. 4, 1816, Cathe 
ton; she d. at vSt. Louis, Jan. 29, 

Ch.: Francis Farwell, Nov. 30, 1S16; 

m. Cynthia Guthrie; res. at St. Louis. 
Mary C., Jan. 3, iSig; m. July 3, 1856, 

Jonas C. Ivory of Stockton, Cal. 
Jane E., Mar. 25, 1821. 
Ann Hendrick, Mar. 2, 1823; m. Dec. 

23, 1846, Ellison E. Burton, Chicago. 

BURT, Stephen, taxed 1798. 

), b. 1791; lived in Boston fr. 181 2 
d. of yellow fever at N. O. Oct. 31, 
rine, dau. John Hendricks of Bos- 
1874, a. 78. 

Caroline, June 14, 1S25; m. Jan. ig, 
1847, Geo. A. Tisdale of Watertown, 
N. Y. 

John M., Nov. 23, 1828; Maj.; ni. Jan. 
13, 1859, Eliza, dau. Geo. A. Boult 
of Watertown; she d. Aug. 31, 1875 
(?); he d. May 21, 1876. 

BUTLER, Davis, taxed 1786. 

CALEB, Deborah, an Indian woman, bap. by Parson Ashley, 
Sept. 27, J741. 

CALEB, Sharp, 1752; part or wholly of Indian blood; a success- 
ful hunter, judging from the amount of game and fur he exchanged 
for sundries at the store of Elijah Williams; was a carpenter and 
millwright; an early sett, of Conway and built a mill there before the 
incorporation of the town. He m. Elizabeth . 

Ch.: Caleb, Apr. 13, 1776. Dorcas, Mar. 4, 1782. 

Sari, Feb., 1778. -, Solomon, Apr. 13, 1784. 

William, Feb., 1780. Joshua, Dec, 21, 1786. 

GALLEY, Jesse, 1772. 

CAMPBELL, Robert, 1772; Rev. sol.; ti. Jan. 18, 1827, a. 85. 
He m. Dec. 8, 1767, Elizabeth Waugh; she d. Apr. 22, 1833, a. 83. 

1, ('ANTRAL, Benjamin, b, in Irelantl; hatter; came to Phila. 
1764; was of N. Y. 1766-70; of Boston during the Rev. war in which 
he served; wounded and had state aid; worked at his trade in Blem- 
ford and Col.; came to Deerfield, 1787, was living 181 7. 
Ch.: Benjamin, 1770(2). 


2. Benjamin, s. of Benjamin (i), b. 1770; d. Mar. 28, 1S52. He 
m. Caroline (iraves; she d. June 22, 1850, a. 80. 

C/i.:\ Benjamin (3). 

3, Benjamin, s. of Benjamin (2). He m. Sophia, dau. I'^lisha 

C7i.:\ Susan Percil, Feb., 1848. James Ik-nry, Nov. 17, 1854. 

Arrabilla, Sept. I, 1S50. 

CAREY, Hannah, taxed 1795-7. 

CAREY, James, 1771. 

CAREY, AIarv, 1769-74. 

CAREY, Richard, 1747; d. Mar. 30, 1799, a. 82. He m. Mary 

67/. .f Dorothy. June 30, 1760. Patience, Nov. 27, 17^)6. 

Lydia, Nov. 7, 1762. Son, Mar. 8, 1771; d. Apr. 2, 1771. 

CAREY, Robert, 1787. 

CAREY, Stephen, from New Salem, 1778; alive 1797. 

C.A.REY, Stephen, Jr., 1789; m. 1S16, Tryphena Hogan. 

CARR, William; spinner in 1752. He m. July 25, 1735, Mary, 
dau. Samuel Smead; rem. to Ashuelot 

C/t.:\ Elizabeth, bap. Oct., 174S. 

1, CARTER, Joshua, of Dorchester, 1633; rem. to Wind; d. 

in Hart., July 15, 1647. He m. Catherine ; she m. (2) Nov. 30, 

1647, Arthur Williams of Wind, and Nhn; she m. (3) Feb. it, 1677, 
William Branch of Spfd.; she d. Aug. 8, 1683. 

C7i.:] Joshua, bap. Mar., 1638(2). Elisha, bap. Feb. 3, ; burned to 

Elias. bap. ."^ug. 13, it)43; burned to death, May, 1653. 

death. May, 1653. 

2, Joshua, s. of Joshua (i), b. 1638; of Nhn. 1660; came here 
among the earliest sett.; was constable 1674; was one of the ill-fated 
ones who fell with Capt. Lothrop. He m. at Nhn, Oct. 22, 1663, 
Mary, dau. Zechariah Field. , 

C/i.:\ Child, Feb. 27, 1664; d. May 17, Joshua, June 6, 1668 (3). 

1664. Prob. Joseph. 

Abigail, Feb. 11, 1665-6. 

3, Joshua, s. of Joshua (2), b. 1668; returned on the permanent 
sett., but aft. 1691 rem. to Hart. He m. May 21, 1691, Mary Skin- 
ner of Hart, 

C/i.:\ Joshua, — , who was of Hart. Mary, — ;m. — Marsh of Litchfield, 17S3. 

Ruth, — ; m. Thomas Spencer of Hart. Sarah. — ; m. — White of Hart. 


Abigail Carter, who ni. July 6, 1724, A granddaughter, Abigail Dodd, was 

Jacob Benton, may have been a dau. living in Hart., 1763. 

of Joshua. 

1, CARTER, Samuel, supposed by Savage and Judd to have been 
a son of Joshua (2); a recent discovery of old letters among his de- 
scendants, seems to prove that he was born in London abt. 1665, 
whence he was enticed by the captain of a ship, abt. 1677, and land- 
ed in Boston; he was one of those who came here on the permanent 
sett., and was prominent in the affairs of the town; his family was 
broken up in 1704 and the next year he rem. to Norwalk, Ct.; in a 
petition to the Gen. Court of Ct., May 8, 1707, Samuel Carter re- 
cites that: "The French and Indians rifled his house, destroyed his 
cattle, killed his wife and three of his chUdren carrying four of them 
into captivity, whereof one was redeemed by paying ^^24 borrowed 
money. The Court judged his case called for charity of the good 
people of the towns of New Haven and Milford and also in the 
several towns in the County of Fairfield, and a brief was ordered 
him;" he d. Sept., 1728. He m. Dec. 4, 1690, Mercy, dau. William 
Brooks; she d. Jan. 22, 1700; (2) July i, 1701, Hannah, dau. John 
Weller; cap. 1704, and k. on the fifth day's march towards Canada; 
(3) Jan., 1706, Lois Sention; she d. Jan. 12, 1752, a 83. 

Ch.: Samuel, Mar. i, 1692; cap. 1704; Marah, Jan. 22, 1700-1 ; cap. and k. bef. 

never returned. the march began. 

Mercy, Dec. 17, 1693; cap. 1704; never Joseph, May i, 1702; d. May 8, 1702. 

returned; m. an Indian. Hannah, July 8, 1703; cap. 1704 and k. 
John, Sept. 22, 1695; cap. 1704; never on the second day's march. 

returned. f Lois, abt. 1708. 

Ebenezer, Sept. 9, 1697 (2). For an account of the cap. Carter chil- 
Thomas, Oct. 6, 1799; k. 1704. dren see ante, p. 342, 355. 

2, Ebenezer, s. of Samuel (i), b. 1697; cap. 1704; redeemed in 
1707 by payment of ^24; he came home by the way of Albany to his 
father in Norwalk and sett, in that part of the town which became 
New Canaan; d. July, 1774. He m. 1721, Hannah, dau. Matthius 
St. John; she d. Feb. 5, 1774, a. 74. 

Ch.:\ Mercy, abt. 1722; m. abt. 1740, nah Benedict; d. 1819. 

Ebenezer Seely; d. 1741. Elizabeth, abt. 1732; m. 1752, Levi 

Mary, abt. 1724; m. Dec. 3, 1744, Hanford; d. Sept., 1775. 

Jonathan Hosted; d. 1775. For later generations see "The De- 
Samuel, 1725; d. 1735. scendants of Samuel Carter of Deer- 
Hannah, abt. 1727; m. Apr. 7, 1746., field, Mass., and Norwalk, Ct.; by 

Jonathan Burrill. Samuel Carter of Brooklyn, N. Y." 

Sarah, abt, 172S; d. abt. 1730. 1S85. 
John, Feb. 22, 1730; m. Oct., 1753, Han- 

CARVER, Ebenezer; d. July 8, 1831, a. 91. 

CARVER, Jonathan; soldier, traveler, author; accounts of this 
man's origin are indefinite and contradictory. Judge Daniel W. Bond 
gives me the following as his probable ancestry. 

1, William Joseph Carver, of Wigan, Lancashire Eng.; a capt. 
in the army of William III., later appointed to an office in Ct.; had 
son David (2). 


2, David; sett, in Canterbury, Ct., aft. 17 14; luis. 1720; Dcp. to 
Gen. Court 1721-2; d. Sept. 14, 1727. Hem. abt. 1702, Hannah 
]3yer of Weymouth; she was sis. of Col. John of Canterbury, and Col. 
'I'homas of \Vindham, both prominent in the affairs of Ct. 

Ch.: David. Sarah. 

Samuel, who had wife Esther in 1727. Hannah. 

Jonathan, Ij. abt. 1712(3). Benjamin, h. abt. 1722. 

I print this with misj^ivings on several points; am ()iiile sure Jona. was born 
later, prob. abt. 1729; nor do I feel at all sure that the En^. capt. was grand- 
father to Jonathan. Dr. Lettsom, whom Bond followed, was very lo )se in his 
statements, and all abroad in matters relatinjj; to America. 

3, JoN.vTHAN, [s. of David (2), b. abt. 17 12 ?] rem. to Mont. abt. 
T749; was at Nfd. making shoes for Moses l''ield 1754; livetl later at 
Dfd.; was on the roll of Capt. Elijah Williams 1755; was cap. at the 
fall of I'ort William Henry in 1757, where in the barbarous massacre 
which followed he was wounded, stripped, and only escaped with his 
life by a mei"e accident; was 2d lieut. under Capt. John Hawks in 
1758; lieut. under Capt. Salah Barnard 1759; capt. under Col. John 
Whitcomb and Col. Saltonstall and served through the war. In June, 
1766, he set out on an exploring expedition to the far West; he vis- 
ited twelve Indian tribes abt. Lake Superior and the headwaters of 
the Mississippi river, and was everywhere hospitably received; was 
five months with the Nandowissies, who named him Shebaygo and 
made him a chief. He arrived in l^oston on his return, Oct. 176S; 
the next year he sailed for England, where he laid his papers before 
the government with a petition for a reward for his service; he rec'd 
little encouragement, but was given leave to publish his journal and 
charts. He "disposed of these to a bookseller," but soon after he 
was ordered to deposit in the Plantation office all his charts and pa- 
pers relating to his discoveries, and was reimbursed the amount of 
his expenses. He prudently retained copies of them all, and in 1778 
he published in London a fine illustrated 8vo vol. of 543 pages, and 
a second edition in 1779. The work was well received. Carver says 
in the introduction to a third edition, Nov. 1779, "two large edi- 
tions having been run off in a few months," There was call for an- 
other, although one had been issued in Dublin the same year. This 
third London edition was somewhat enlarged by the author; it was 
published in 1781, with a memoir of Carver by Dr. John C. Lettsom. 
Before the close of the century eight editions had been published in 
Europe and at least eight in America; there have been many editions 
here since. Carver reaped so little of the fruit of his toil that he 
actually died through want in London, Jan. 31, 1780. Dr. Lettsom, 
who was a distinguished London physician, printed in his memoir of 
Carver a deed, which he believed authentic, from two chiefs of the 
Nandowessie tribe, dated May i, 1767, conveying to Jona. Carver 
some 12,000 square miles on the Mississippi, east of Lake I'ipen and 
the falls of St. Anthony. In an affidavit, sworn to in 1806, and again 
in 1824, Rev. Sam'l Peters, LL. 1)., says he was present when Car- 
ver laid this deed before the King and Council in Feb. 1775, with a 
petition that the land be confirmed to him and that his expenses be 
paid l)y the government; he says that Carver and his friends were 

CARVER. 103 

ordered to retire to another room, whence after a time they were 
called in, and the Minister said to Capt. Carver, " His Majesty has 
graciously granted your petition and has ordered a gratuity of ^1373, 
6i', 8d, to be paid you, and that you prepare to sail from New Or- 
leans next June and take possession of your territory with one hun- 
dred and fifty men, of whom you will be the commander; and his 
majesty will provide ships, men and necessaries to convey you 
there." Peters says the money was paid, and all arrangements were 
being made, when the news from Bunker Hill was rec'd and all was 
dropped. Peters was rector of chhs. in Hart, and Hebron, Ct. ; being a 
violent Tory he was forced to leave the country; he claimed to have 
been intimate with Carver both in Ct. and in London to the day of 
his death; he is the only authority for the above statements; he may 
have told the truth, but as he is considered by all historical students 
a "notorious liar," his unsupported testimony goes for little. Capt. 
Carver, in an appendix to his book, says that he "and others" in- 
terested Richard Whitworth, M. P., in a project of building a fort 
at Lake Pepin as a basis of operations for discovering" a northwest 
passage to India; that the government favored the plan and that the 
grant and other requisites were nearly ready, when the Revolution 
broke out and put a stop to the matter; Whitworth had engaged 
Capt. Carver and Maj. Robert Rogers as assistants, with fifty or 
sixty mechanics and mariners to build the fort and necessary ves- 
sels; Carter maps out several desirable sites for settlements in the 
region where he traveled, but in all his writings, from first to last, 
there is not a syllable referring to the Indian deed, although he de- 
scribes a meeting of the tribe on that same May r, and gives the 
speech he made on that occasion with the reply by one of the chiefs. 
The Reverend Peters also says that abt. 1798 a company was formed 
in London to prosecute a claim for the "Carver tract." They pro- 
cured fr. Martha Carver, supposed to be sole heir of her father, such 
title as she could give, and spent some ^6000 in fruitless attempts; 
he is the only authority for this transaction. May 9, 1794, the chil- 
dren of Carver in America made over their claims under the deed to 
Edward Houghton of Vermont for ^50,000; in 1822 Houghton 
deeded the claim to the "Mississippi Land Co." of N. Y. In the 
archives of the P. V. M. Association are two deeds fr. Phineas Munn 
to Consider Dickinson; one, dated July 31, 1797, conveys "Sixteen 
Thousand acres of that I'ract of Land lying on the East bank of the 
Mississippi River, which was granted in the year 1767, by the Nan- 
dovvise 'I'ribe of Indians to Capt. Jonathan Carver, Late of London, 
Dec'd, which said sixteen thousand acres I hold by deed from the 
widow Sarah Church, one of the Heirs at Law to said Carver." 

The other deed is dated Sept. 11, 1797, and conveys 160,000 acres 
of the same tract, which Munn held "by Deed from Rufus Carver, 
son of said Jonathan." It seems to have been the habit of Carver's 
children to deed land right and left regardless, to any sanguine 
enough to snap at the bait, and still keep the field themselves as 
claimants; in 1804 the Carver heirs ap])ear before Congress by their 
agent, petitioning for a confirmation of the Indian deed to Carver. 
In 1806 the veracious Peters makes oath before a Congressional com- 
mittee that the title to the Carver Tract is vested solely in him; he 



was not 

gained nothinj^ by his claim and petition, but the matter .. c^.:. wv^c 
dropped until final action in Jan., i<S25, when a report w'as adopted 
l)y Congress that the petition of Peters ought not to be granted; this 
seems to have been the end of the Carver deed, but "Carver" coun- 
ty, "Carver" town, and "Carver" river, still testify to the "travels" 
and mark the scene of our hero's adventures. He m. in Canterbury, 
Oct. 20, 1746, Abigail Robbins; (2) in London, Mary , who sur- 

vived him. 

C/i.:j; Mary, Apr. 8, 1747; m. July 18, 

1765, Simeon King of Mont. 
Abigail, May 29, 174S; pub. to Joshua 

Goss of Mont., Sept. 10, 1774. 
Sarah, June 8, 1750, at Mont.; m. June 

19' 1775. Samuel Church; she was a 

vvid. in 1797. 
Rufus, Dec. 14, 1754 (4). 
Olive. July 19, 1757; m. July 19, 1781, 

Moses Gunn of Mont. 
Jonathan, Jan. 3, 1759; may have been 

that Jona. serving in the Continental 

army at the siege of Boston 1770. 

Mindwell, May i, 1762. 

Child, London; d. young; aft. 17S0. 

Martha, ; sd. by Dr. Peters to have 

been adopted by Sir Richard Pear- 
son, fr. whose house abt. 1798, inter- 
ested parties, who believed her sole 
heir to her father, induced her to ab- 
scond, to marry a sailor [prob. named 
Pope] who was an instrument in 
their hands to get possession of the 
"Carver grant." 

4, Rufus, s. of Jonathan (3), b. at Mont. 1754; shoemaker; Rev. 
sol. fr. Nfd. and Dfd.; was in the battle of Bunker Hill and in the 
campaign when Burgoyne was cap. ; served three mos. at Danbury 
on the invasion of the Tories; left Dfd. abt. 1797 for Brandon, Vt.; 
was living at Sodus, N. Y., 1837. He m. Nov. 16, 1780, Priscilla 
Cummings of Hinsdale, N. H.; she prob. d. Jan. 22, 1825, a. 76. 

C^..-f Levens. 

Mindwell, ; m. Ambler of East 

Troy, Wis. 
Olive, — ; m. Walter Cooley. 

Fanny, — ; m. — Keeler of Brandon, Vt. 
Abigail, — ; m. David Beal of O.xford, 

N. H. 
Sally, 1788; pub. June 17, 1815, to 

Eleazer Warner. 

CARVER, Stillman; d. Mar. 13, 1837, a. 22. 

1. CATLIN, CATLING, CATTELL, John, of Weth.; estate ap- 
praised July 17, 1644, amt. ^69. He m. Isabella, prob. sister of Law- 
rence Ward of New Haven, Branford, Ct. ; and Newark, N. J., where 
he d. 1670, leaving property to Isabella, in the care of his nephews, 
John AV^ard and John Catlin; she m. (2) James Northam of Hart., 1657, 
of Weth. 1659, and one of the first sett, of Had.; he d. 1660; she m. 
(3) Joseph Baldwin of Milford, \Veth. and Had.; she d. Dec. 8, 1C76. 

C/i.:j; John (2), and prob. another child. 

2. John, s. of John (i), b. abt. 1643; of Weth., 1662; of Tkanford, 
1665, whence he rem. to Newark, where he was a teacher 1676; in 
1678 he was "Town's Attorney (not lawyer), an 'honest brother,' to 
take care that all town orders be executed, and if a breach occurs to 
punish the offender;" selectman 1676-81; was of Hart. 1683, of Dfd. 
soon after, as one of the early permanent settlers, where he was dig- 
nified by the title of "Mr." and took a prominent part in affairs; no 
family suffered more than his at the desolation of the town 1704; his 
buildings were all burned, and himself and s. Jonathan consumed with 
them; one s. was k. in the Meadow fight; another and three daus. were 

CATLIN. 105 

cap., and two of the latter k. on the march. He ni. at Weth., Sept. 23, 
1662, Mary, dau. Joseph Baldwin of Milford, Weth. and Had.; saved 
fr. destruction 1704, by her practical Christianity, she survived the 
terrible tragedy but a few weeks, dying Apr. 9, 1704. 

Ch.:\ John, July 21, 1663, at Weth.; Esther, ; m. abt. 1694, Ebenezer 

d. young. Smead. 

Mary, ; m. Oct. 18, 1683, Thomas Sarah, ; m. abt. 1694, Michael 

French; k. 1704. Mitchell. 

Eli/.abeth, ; m. abt. 1690, James Joseph (3). 

Corse; k. 1704. Jonathan, ; k. 1704. 

Hannah, ; m. abt. 1691, Thomas Ruth, — ; cap. 1704; ret. 1707. 

Bascom of Nhn. John, Jan. 8, 1687 (4). 

3, Joseph, s. of John (2), he was one of the seven brave men who 
defended the Benoni Stebbins house 1704, and one of the nine who 
fell in the Meadow fight. He m. June 26, 1701, Hannah, dau. Ens. 
John Sheldon; she was in the Benoni Stebbins house with her hus- 
band and was wounded in the attack; she was carried to Nhn., 
where she m. Oct. 26, 1705, Nath'l Clark of Nhn.; she d. July 13, 
1764, a. 81. 

C/i.:\ John, Sept. 24, 1702; d. young. John, posthumous, May or June 1704(5) 

4, John, s. of John (2), b. 1687; ret. fr. cap. 1706; "house 
wright" and rope maker; sett, on that part of lot No. 29, which his 
father bought of Samson Frary in 1685, and where his house was 
burned 1704; now the Hoyt place; he d. Dec. i, 1766. He m. Mar. 
I, 1715, Jemima, dau. Edward Allen; alive 1770. 

Ch.: John, Nov. 19, 1715; a sea capt. ; Samuel, July 9, 1731; m. (pub. Jan. 7, 

lived at New Haven. i756)Rhoda Mitchell; he was a team- 
Nathan, Sept. II, 1717 (6). star and sol. in the French and In- 
Mary, Feb. 3, 1719; m. May 7, 1746, dian war; was of Had. 1743; of Hat. 

Jona. Smith of New Haven. 1743; of Dfd. 1761-88. 

Ruth, Feb. 26, 1721-2; m. Oct. 19, 1743, Estlier, May 24, 1733; m. Eben'r Trovv- 

John Harnard, who rem. fr. Shutes- bridge, a sea capt. at N. Haven. 

bury to Shel. Jemima, Mar. 4, 1735-6; m. Mar. 6, 

Jonathan, Mar. 19, 1724(7). 1777, Sam'l Munn of Shel. 

Elizabeth, Mar. 31, 1726; m. Thomas Sarah, Apr. 25, 1738; m. Apr. 16, 1761, 

Mallory of N. Haven, Litclifield and Moses Smith; rem. to Shel. 

Woodbury, Ct. Hannah, June 7, 1741; m. May 3,1770, 

Abigail, June 23, 1728; was an invalid ; Isaac Amsden of Con. 

d. unm. May i, 1772. 


5, John, s. of Joseph (3), b. 1704; capt.; he early entered the 
iiilitary service; served under Capt. Kellogg in Father Rasle's war; 
lieut. of a company of snow-shoe men, 1743; in command of Fort 
Shirley from Dec. 10, 1747 to Apr. 3, 1749; in the summer of 1749 
was in coinmand of a company above Nfd.; Sept. 13, 1757, he led a 
company of 52 men from Dfd. to Fort Mass.; in 1758 was in com- 
mand of the cordon of 12 forts, extending from Nfd. to Pontoosuc, 
with headquarters at Burke's fort Ber. , where he d. Sept. 24, 1758. 
He m. June 15, 1727, Mary, dau. Benj. Munn; she d. Nov. 10, 1763, 
a. 58. 

Ch.: John, Aug. 8, 1727; d. next day. Rachel, Sept. 9, 1730; m. June i, 1749. 

Catherine, Jan. 8, 1728-9; m. Jan. 10, Abner Barnard of Nhn. 

T750, Ebenezer Clapp of Nhn.; d. Joseph, Aug. 4, 1732 (8). 

Apr. 22, 1798. Scth, July 16, 1734 (9). 


Mary, Nov. 27, 1736; m. Oct. 5, 1758, Consider Arms of Con. 

John Partridge Bull. Dorothy, bap. Dec. 18, 1743; m. Dec. 

Oliver, Jan. 16, 173S-9. 29, 1763, Phineas Munn. 
Mercy, Sept. 13, 1741 ; m. Dec. Ii, 1765. 

6, Nathan, s. of John (4), b. 17 17; rope maker and maker of pew- 
ter buttons; known as "Master Catlin;" lived on No. 24, where he d. 
Dec. 7, 1793. He m. (pub. Oct. 5, 1752) Thankful Foster of Wall- 
ingfortl, Ct. ; she d. Aug. 23, 1760; (2) Susan Bartlett of Had. 

Ch.: Timothy. Nov. 5, 1753 (10). well. 

Rachel, Aug. 20, 1756; m. Eldad Hard- John, July 21, 1759 (11). 

7. |()NA I'liAN, s. ot John (4), b. 1724; one of the first sett, of 
Shel., 1754; rem. to Ofd. where he had a saw mill, 1764-84, when he 
sold out to Daniel Nash; June 18, 1772, he was arraigned before 
the chh. for "unnecessarily absenting" himself from public worship 
and the ordinance of the Lord's Supper, and accusing the church of 
oppression;" he acknowledged the truth of the complaint, but profess- 
ing himself willing "to be rectified in his sentiments if they were mis- 
taken;" sentence was deferred to the 29th, "when sd Catlin appeared 
sensil)le of his error and was restored to good standing." He m. 
May 17, 1752, Mercy Allen, who d. July 25, 1771. 

Ch.:\ Jonathan, bap. Sept. i, 1754. Zilpha, bap. Aug. 29, 1756. 

3, Joseph, s. of John (5), b. 1732; sett in Con.; alive in 1782. 
He m. Dec. 11, 1754, Abigail, ilau. Thomas French. 

Ch.:\ Tirza, bap. June 27, 1756. Silas, bap. May S, 1763. 

Oliver, bap. Mar. 26, 1758. Caroline, bap. Dec. 15, 1768. 

John, bap. Oct. 1760. 

9, Seth, s. of John (5), b. 1734; maj.; was drummer in the com- 
pany of his father, 1757-8; second lieut. under Salah Barnard, 1759; 
lieut. 1760; came out of the war as (luartermaster in Col. Ruggles' 
regiment; for an account of his position and experience during the 
Rev. war, see ante, p. 741 ; on the return of peace Maj. Catlin took a 
prominent part in the affairs of the town; was often in town ofifice, and 
selectman three years; he did not accumulate great possessions, and 
it was said, "Maj. Catlin was too much of a gentleman to be a 
rich man;" Reuben Bardwell writes of him in 1837: "He was a man 
of urbanity, and strict integrity, but of very strong feelings; could 
never pass a scene of distress on the other side, or suffer guilt to 
pass with impunity;" being reproached by some Tory friends for 
naming them at some judicial investigation, the major burst out in- 
dignantly, "You didn't expect 1 was going to lie did you?" he lived 
on No. 22, where he kept tavern; he was a lover and breeder of fine 
horses, and met a fatal injury in being crushed against the side of a 
stall by a high mettled barb; he d. Mar. 19, 1798. He m. July i, 
1762, Abigail, tlau. Aaron Denio; she d. at Nhn., Dec. 6, 1805, a. 67. 

Ch.: Dorothy, May 7, 17^)3; d. Nov. 30, Abigail, Feb. 14, 1767; m. June iS, 1787, 

1807. Ebenezer Barnard. 

Mary, June 14, 1765; m. Edward Up- Fanny, Oct. 25, 1768; m. Dec. 31, i795. 

ham of Nhn. Thos. Wells. 

CATLIN. 107 

Elizabeth, Aug. 17, 1770; m. Oct. 2, Nancy, Mar. 13, 1777; m. (pub. Nov. 

1793. John Smith of Charl. 4, 1797) Judah Saxton of Mont. 

Richard, Feb. 11, 1773 (12). Kate, Mar. 8, 17S3; milliner; d unm. 
Henry, Feb. 12, 1775; d. Aug. 9, 1777. 

10, Timothy, s. of Nathan (6), b. 1753; marched as a minute 
man to Cambridge on the Lexington alarm; was under Capt. Joseph 
Stebbins in making the intrenchments on Bunker Hill, and was in the 
thick (jf the fight the next day; was wounded in the face and bore 
the scars for life; was under Capt. Stebbins at the cap. of Burgoyne; 
res. in Dalton, Sund. and Ash., where he was living in 181 2; rem. 
to Conway after 1S18. He m. (pub. Mar. 29, 1779), Silence Bartlett 
of Had. (?) 

C/i.:\ Nathan, Jan. 22, 17S0. Timothy, Mar. 18,1790; m. Electa , 

Thankful, b. in Sunil.; m. Auej- 12, in Ash. 

1804, Silas Field of Con. Stephen. 

Ill John, s. of Nathan (6), b. 1759; lived on the old homestead 
and followed the occupations of his father — farmer, rope, and pew- 
ter button maker; d. Mar. 6, 1814. He m. Nov. it, 17S7, Huldah, 
dau. John Bangs of Mcjnt. ; she d. Jan. 10, 1849, a. 86. 

C/i.: Esther, Sept. 9,1788; d. unm. Aug. trade and d. Jan. 5, 1848. 

21. 1879. Sophia, Feb. 24, 1794; d. unm. May 2, 

Samuel, Jan. 4, 1790; m. Dec. 22, 1836, 1S40. 

Lucy Ryan of Putney, Vt., she d. Henry, Aug 25, 1795; cabinet maker; 

Aug. 22, 1839; he m. (2) of d. s. />. Nov. 2, i860. 

Bratt. ; in 1822 was running a line John, Feb. 4, iSoi (13). 

of freight wagons to Boston; rem. Huldah, July 14, 1807; d. the same day. 

to Wetumpka, Ga., where he was in 

12, Richard, s. of Seth (9), b. 1773; lieut. ; cattle drover and 
farmer; sett, on his father's homestead and later lived in Gfd. and 
Hart.; d. in Dfd , Apr. 29, 1852. He m. Dec. 5, 1799, Charlotte, dau. 
Col. Joseph Stebbins; she d. Sept. 27, 1855, a. 75. 

C//.: Seth, July 28, 1800; d. July 15, 1832, Dr. Matthew Bridge Baker of 

1803. Charlestown; Spfd. where 

Richard, June 17, i8o2;d. July 15,1803. he d. Sept. 18, 1839, leaving dau. 

Charlotte A.. Oct. 20, 1803; d. unm. Charlotte Alice, b. Apr. 4, 1833. 

Sept. 15, 1859. Seth, Sept. 14, 1812(14). 

Maria. May 26, 1805; d. Nov. 10, 1807. Abigail S., Jan. 31, 1815; d. June, 1856, 

Maria, Apr. 30, 1808; d. Jan. 31, 1809. Jane, Jan. 14, 1819; d. at Spfd. Sept. 8, 

Catherine, Mar. 16, i8io; m. Apr. 18, 1842. 

13, John, s. of John (11), b. 1801; lived on the old homestead; 
in company with his bro. Samuel in running a line of baggage wagons 
to Boston, and keeping a store in Dfd., 1S22-6; aft. 1826, they rem. 
and went into trade in Wetumpka, (ra. ; John ret. abt. 1841 and d. 
Mar. 31, 1874. He m, Apr. 23, 1834, Josephine, dau. Joseph D. Fay 
of N. Y.; she d. Dec. 24, 1847, a. 37. 

67^.- John Theodore, Nov. 19, 1835; d. Theodore, Oct. i, 1843; d. Mar. 10, 

June 21, 1836. i860. 

Caroline S., Oct, 9, 1837; now clerk in Mary, May 6, 1S46; m. Nov. 14, 1874, 

Pension Office, Washington. Frank Claudy; res. in Washington. 

14, Seth, s. of Richard (12), b. 181 2; he was one of the noted 


party of 24 Did. babies, bovn that year, who visited Mrs. Anna \Vii- 

liams the next year on her invitation; the Williamses then lived in 

the Maj. Salah Barnard tavern, and the "meet" was in the south 

front room; this is the old house now standing on No. 29 and owned 

by Miss C. Alice liaker. He m. Helen Mar Griswold, and sett, in 


(?//..■ t Richard, George, Charles. Maria, Kate. Anna, Seth, Frank. 

CATHCART, Lvdia. She m. 1811, Zenas Field of What. 

CATHCART, Robert, 1783-5. He m. Martha ; she d. June 

2, 1843. 

CHADWICK, WiF.LiAM, 1759; Dfd. and Sund. 

CHAMBKRLAIN, Juski'H. Hem. Jan. 7, 1763, Eunice, dau. John 

C/i.-j Mercy, Aug. 24, 1764. Joseph, Apr. 3, 1766. 

CHAMBERLAIN, Nathaniki.; wife Elizabeth . 

C/i.:i Nathaniel, ; d. Aug. 27, 1745. 

CHAMBERLAIN, Richard, 1752-4; rem. to Hinsdale, N. H. 

CHAMBERLAIN, Samuel, 1788-9. 

CHAMBERLAIN, Thomas, 1764-9. 

CHAMBERLAIN, William; Rev. sol. fr. Dfd.; k. at the battle of 

Stillwater, Aug. 23, 1777. He m. ?'.sther ; she was school dame, 

1778-9; she m. (2) 1780, Lamberton Allen and rem. to Crand Isle. 

C/i.:\ VVyman, 1771; d. at Grand Isle, Dec. 31, 1S3S. 

CHAMBERS, John, 1760. 

CHAM LEY, Moses, 1770-89. 

CHANDLER, Moses, s. of Moses and Anna of Lancaster, b. 
July 18, 1731; sol. under Abcrcrombie, and at tiie cap. of Montreal; 
kept the ferry at the north end of Pine Hill; had his dwelling and a 
store there 1775; a bunch of old-fashioned yellow lilies is still left 
to tell the tale of an old-fashioned door-yard; a good story is told of 
his Toryism in ante p. 582; he got into trouble and jail, in Nov. 1787, 
through being Collector of Taxes, and soon after rem. to Shel., where 
he d. Jan. 21, 1814, a. 82. He m. June 13, 1754, Persis Harris; she 
d. Apr. 13, 1799, a. 64; (2) wid. Susan Ballard; she d. June 1822, a. 

C/i.: Moses, Oct. 25, 1759; m. (pub. she d. Nov. 23, 1842, a. 80. 

Nov. 29, 1799) wid. Susanna Hallard Persis, Apr. 4, 1762; m. Mar. 4, 1796, 

of Sund.; d. in Shel., Aug. 24, 1821; Daniel Wilder, Burlington, Vl. 



Atina, Mav 2g, 1764; d. Jan. 6, 1767. 

David, Oct. 14, 1766; of Dfd. till after 

Naomi C, Sept. i, 176S; m. Feb. 18, 
1796, Elisha Barnard of Shel. 

Stephen, July 23, 1771; of Dfd. 1793. 

Aiiiariah, Aug. 6, 1 774; d. Oct. 27, 1775. 

PLunice, Mar. 11, 1777. 

Aniariah, Oct. 27, 1782; grad. at Bur- 
lington, 1S07; sett, minister Waits- 
field, Vt., Feb. 7, 1810; dis. Feb. 3, 
i83o;sett. over Firsichh. in Gfd.Oct. 
24, 1832, where he d. Oct. 20, 1864; 
his published works in the library of 

Memorial Hall are: A Thanksgiving 
Sermon at Waiisfield, iSio; Address 
to the Youth of Shel., 1808; Fourth 
of July Address at Gfd., 1833; Rem- 
iniscencesof Fifty Years, Gfd., 185S; 
A Review of Samuel Willard's His- 
torical Sermon, 1859; m. 180S or 9, 
Abigail Whitney; she d. June 11, 
1833, a. 47; (2) (pub. Oct. 17, 1840,) 
Mary, dau. Hull Nims, wid. of Hor- 
ace Roberts; she d. Mar. 4, 1852, a. 
65; (3) Elizabeth Gleason;she d. Jan. 
II, 1865, a. 75. 

]_, CHAPMAN, William; New Londun, Ct.; sexton 1691 ; d. Dec. 
18, 1699. He m. Sarah . 

C/i.:j; John, Nov., 1653; sett, in Col- 
chester; m. Sarah . 

William (2). 

Samuel, abt. i655;sett. in New London. 

Joseph, abt. 1657; sett, in Norwich, Ct. 
Jeremiah, abt. 1667. 
Sarah and Rebecca. 

2, William, s. of WiUiam (i); sett, in Groton, Ct. He m. abt. 
1690, Hannah, dau. Daniel Lester. 

C/i.:\ William, Mar. 1691. 


Solomon (3). 


3, Solomon, s. of William (2). 

C/i.:\ Jonah. 

Jonathan, 1755 (4). 





Prob. Salmon, "who went into the river 
when heated and d. soon after;" m. 
Susanna — ; she d. Apr. 17, 1789, a. 

William, — ; rn. — Pease. 
Lydia, — ; m. Joseph Sweet. 
Betsey, — ; m. — Harris. 
Susan, — ; m. Jonathan Sweet. 
Phebe, — ; m. Levi Hodge. 
Sarah, — ; m. Jonathan Chapel. 

4, Jonathan, s. of Solomon (3), b. 1755; came here abt. 177S or 
earlier; sett, at the Nook; Rev. sol.; k. at a raising by insane Dyer 
Loveridge; d. June 17, 1815. He m. Anna, dau. Joseph Sweet; she 
d. June 25, 1834, a. 8r. 

C/i.:\ Jonathan, 1777; d. Dec. 17, 1S16; 

a. 39; m. 1802, Nabby Allen of Hali- 

fa.x; she d. at the a. of 41; no ch. 
Samuel, Apr. 28, 1779 (S)- 
Anna, July 25, 1781; m. Jan. 2, 1806, 

Jabez Jones. 
Clarissa, July 25, 1784; m. (pub. Jan. 

22, 1806) John Blackler, or Blakley 

as he is usually called. 
Lucinda, 1785; d. Aug. 30, 1803. 
Jcjseph (6). 

Freelove, Mar. 22, 1791; d. unm. 
Prob. Dudley, who m. 1816, Sophronia 

Prob. Lavina, who m. abt. 1810, Ru- 

nev Wethcrell. 

5, Samuel, s. of Jonathan (4), b. 1779; sett, at the Nook; d. 
Mar. 20, 1865. He m. (pub. May 19, 1810) Nancy, dau. John (?) 
Long of Shel.; she d. Feb. 16, 1861, a. 74. 

C/i.: Lucinda, Apr. 20, 181 1; m. Nov. Clarissa, Jan. 28, 1817; m. Clark Wil- 

28, 1844, Ambrose Jones. son; (2) John N. Lin. 
Nancy, Feb. 18, 1813; d. Oct. 23, 1S42. Catherine, Jan. 25, 1819; m. John Car- 
Juliet, Jan. 29,1815; m. June, 1837, Jona. rol of Charlemont. 

Fairman. Samuel, Apr. 28, 1S21 (7). 


Salman, Mar. 23, 1S24; in. Nov. 5,1846, lers; res. in Gfd. 

Kliz;i Ann, tiau. Ambrose JtJiies. Jonalhun, July kj, 1S2S; d. Mar. 2(1. 

Stephen, Mar. 31, 182O; m. Laura VVal- 1830. 

6, Joseph, s. of Jonathan (4); rem. to Adams (?). He m. Dec. 
20, 1 8 14, Mary Kemp of Shcl. 

C/i:\ Arthur, Oct. 2, 1815. Rebecca, Dec. 4, 1819. 

Jonathan, Sept. 5, 1817. 

7, Samuel, s. of Samuel (5), 1). 182 1; lives at the Nook. He m. 
Jan. 16, 1848, wid. Pamelia Liscomb, dau. Elder Milo Frary of 

C'/i.: Nancy Pamelia, Nov. 20, 1848; m. Milo Frary, Mar. 5, i860. 

June 25, 1873, Charles Jones. Frankie Edgar, Mar. 22, 1866. 

Henry Samuel, Oct. 13, 1857. 

CHAPPEL, Solomon, 1784. 

CHAUNCEY, Charles, s of Isaac of Had.; b. June 28, 1712. 
He m. Jan. 29, 1740, Sarah Ingram; (2) Sept. 18, 1746, Mary Gay- 
lord; rem. to Sund. 

C/i.:j; Isaac, June 4, 1745; for other ch. see Judd's Hist. Had. 

1, CHILDS. Richard, of Barnstable. He m. Oct. 15, 1649, 
Mary, dau. of Robert Linnell of Barnstable; these are given as the 
prob. ancestors of the following: 

C/i.:\ Richard, abt. 165- (2). fiRht, Dec. 10, 1675; k. by Indians 

Samuel, ; sol. in the Narraganset with Capl. Pierce, Mar. 26, 1676. 

2, Richard, s. of Richard (i); sett, in Barnstable; dea., was bap. 
with ch. Samuel and Thomas, May 4, 1684. He m. Elizabeth, dau. 
John Crocker of Barnstable; she d. Jan. 16, 17 16. 

C/i.: Samuel, Nov. 6, 1679 (3). Elizabeth, June 6, 1692. 

Elizabeth, Jan. 23, 16S1; d. abt. Feb. James, Nov. 6, 1694; m. Sept. 27, 1722, 

37, 1681. Elizabeth Crocker. 

Thomas, Jan. 10, 1682. Mercy, May 7, 1697; m. Feb. 1, 1721-2, 

Hannah, Jan. 22, 1684; m. July 20,1702, Edward Allen of Dfd. 

Joseph Black. Joseph, Mar. 5, 1699-1700; m. .\pr. 23, 

Timothy, Sept. 22, 1686(4). 1724, Deliverance Hamblin. 

Ebenezer, Mar., i69i;at Dfd., 1735 and Thankful, Aug. 15, 1702; m. Oct. 25, 

1761; had family at Hardwick and 1722, Ebenezer Hamblin. 


3, Samuel, s. of Richard (2), b. 1679; came early to Dfd.; black- 
smith; a prominent man in town and chh. affairs; was dea. many 
years; he had the land granted the heirs of his Uncle Samuel in 
Narraganset township. No. 7, and was holding it in 1741; he d. Mar. 
28, 1756. He m. July 7, 1709, Hannah, dau. Joseph Barnard; she d. 

May 16, 1727; (2) 1729, E.xperience ; she d. Mar. 25, 1744; (3) 

June 25, 1750, Sarah, dau. Philip Mattoon, wid. of Zechariah Field 
of Nfd. one of the cap. of 1704. In settling the estate of Mat- 
thew Clesson, who was k. by Indians at Dfd., June 23, 1709, "Sarah 


Mattoon, who was like to be married to said deceased," shared with 
his brothers and sisters in the division of his property, by order of 
the Probate Court; she d. Mar. 21, 1752, a. 63. 

Ch.: Hannah, July 18, 1710; m. Nov. Ebenezer, Nov. 11, 1720(9). 

30, 1732, Moses Smhh. Elizabeth, Aug. 5, 1724; m. Mar. 19, 

Samuel, Sept. 20, 1712 (5). 1750, Nath'l Phelps. 

Asa, June 3, 1715 (6). Experience, June 7, 1730; m. July 11, 

David, Mar. 23, 1718 (7). 1751, Jonathan Hoyt. 
Jonathan, " " " (8). 

4, Timothy, s. of Richard (2), b. 1686; capt.; lived on No. 15 
and prob. built the house now occupied by the Chami)neys; was 
active in the latter part of Queen Anne's war, as a scout on the 
Canadian frontiers; in P'ather Rasle's war he was a lieut. under Capt. 
Joseph Kellogg; was later a capt. stationed at Dfd. with part of his 
company at Sunderland; in 1733, he was granted 300 acres land in 
consideration of his "great losses and sufferings in several wars 
against the Indians;" this was laid out in 1741, near Shelburne Falls; 
his house was burned at midnight, Jan. 30, 1729, the inmates bare- 
ly escaping with their lives; the fire was supposed to have caught 
from a stove in an adjacent weaver's shop; he owned large tracts of 
land near Peskeompskut; he d. Feb. 26, 1776. He m. Nov. 26, 
1 7 19, Hannah, dau. Japhet Chapin, and wid. of John Sheldon of the 
Old Indian House; she d. Sept. 30, 1765, a. 85. 

Ch.: Timothy, Sept. 18, 1720(10). Dr. Thomas Williams. 

Anna, Aug. 2, 1723; m. Dec. 5, 1740, 

5, Samuel, s. of Samuel (3), b. 1712; tailor; lived on No. 24; 
lieut. 1746; in 1747-8, was in command of Fort Pelham with 30 men; 
dea. 1764; after a useful life lie d. Jan. 15, 1786. He m. Dec. 13, 
1739, Sarah, dau. Judah ^V right; she d. Nov. 26, 1797, a. 84. 

Ch.: Amzi, Sept. 21, 1740(11). David Field ; rem. toGreenbush.N.Y. 

Sarah, Sept. 27, 1742; m. Apr. 26, 1759, Simeon, Apr. 25, 1753; d. Dec. 12,1755. 

Samuel Field. Experience, Feb. 20, 1757; d. Sept. 28, 

Samuel, Oct. 28, 1745 (12). 1758. 
Hannah, Sept. 29, 1749; m. Dec. 3,1771, 

6, Asa, s. of Samuel (3), b. 17 15; lived at the north end of the 
Street on the side hill, the house fronting south; lived in Shel., also; 
in 1792 his wid. was "of Shelburne, also of Deerfield," when Wid. 
Esther Williams sued her for medicines furnished by her husband, 
Dr. Williams, in 1772; Sergt. in the Old French war; d. June 28, 
1756. He m. Oct. 31, 1737, Rhoda, dau. Capt. Benj. Wright; she 
was a noted doctor, and had a very extensive practice in obstetrics; 
was alive in 1783; prob. d. abt. 1800; "Aunt Sylvia Munn " said she 
used to keep her accounts with chalk on the cellar door. 

Ck.: Charity, Apr. 8, 1736; m. June 13, Rachel, bap. Mar. 20, 1748; d. Jan. 8, 

1757, Daniel Nims. 1753- 

Asa, Oct. 3, 1738 (13). Chloe, bap. July 2, 1749; m. Nov. 19, 

Lebeus, Oct. 3, 1740(14). 1771, labcz Ransom of Shel. 

Samuel, Nov. 12, 1742 (15). Fanny, May 18, 1753; bap. Rachel. 

Rhoda, Apr. 30, 1746; m. Oct. 25, 1768, Reuben, bap. Feb. 16, 1755 (16). 

Moses Hawks. 


7, David, s. of Samuel (3), b. 171S; lived at Wapping; sol. in 
French wars; d. May 8, 1760. He m. Feb. 28, 1743-4, Rebecca, dau. 
A\'illiam Anns; she m. (2) Dec. 22, 1773, Nathaniel Phelps. 

Ch.: Rebecca, Feb. 8, 1745; m. Jan. 26, Lemuel, Mar. 24, 1752 (17). 

1770. Francis Miinn. Ruth, Aug. 12, 1754; m. Dec. 10, 1773, 

Abigail, Dec. 21, 1747; m. Dec. 17, 17^)7, Israel Nims. 

VVaitstill Hawks. Joanna, Sept. 29, 1757; m. Feb. iS, 

David, Apr. 11, 1750; d. June 13, 1760. 1778, Peter Gates. 

3, Jonathan, s. of Samuel (3), b. 17 18; of Dfd. 1748; lived in 
Hardwick, and New Salem, where he d. Mar. 11, 1807. He m. Re- 
becca Scott, b. 1715; shed. 1817, a. 102; family tradition says the 
day she was 100 yrs. old, she milked a cow, made a cheese, and rode 
a mile on horseback. 

Ch.: Jesse, Oct. 17, 1740. phena ; she m. (2) Dec. 1777, Dr 

Hannah, Sept. 17, 1742. Moses Hayden; she d. Nov. 12,1812, 

Ebenezer, Jan. 25, 1744; m. Dec. 26, a. 61 ; Moses had ch. //;/«^7, bap. Dec. 

1769, Abigail VVillis of Hard.; they 8, I77(), who m. in Con., Apr. 14, 

had ch. Bftst-y, Bcnj. W., Moses, 1795. Caleb Howard; (2) ("ephas 

Ebi-tu'zer, and Anna, b. at New Sa- Hoyt, of Dfd. in 1811. 

lem, Karre and Hardwick. Sarah, Apr. 2. 1754; d. young. 

Joseph, Mar. 2, 1747; in. SusannaTrask. Jonathan, Oct. 24, 1756(18). 

Elizabeth, Nov. 29, 1748. Rebecca, Oct. 8, 175S. 

Jonathan, Mar. 2, 1750; d. young. David, Nov. 16, 1760(19). 

Moses, Apr. 3, 1752; d. in the Rev. Sarah, Apr. 22, 1763. 
service, fr. Con., Oct., 1776; m. Try- 

9, Rbf.nezer, s. of Samuel (3), b. 1720: sett, in Shutesbury, 
where he was a leading man; reiTi. later in life to Shel.; deacon; d. 
Oct. 6, 1794. He m. Sept., 1750, Rachel 151iss; she d. Apr. 10, 1790. 

67/. .f Mary, .^pr. 28, 1753. Rachel, Mar. 23, 1764; d. in Shutesbury, 

Ebenezer, Aug. 22, 1756 (20). Jan. 27, 1768. 

David, Nov. 4, 1760(21). Rachel, abt. I77i;d. Apr. 10, 1790. 

10, Timothy, s. of Capt. Timothy (4), b. 1720; surveyor; sett, 
near Turners Falls, on what is now the Timothy M. Stoughton farm; 
Capt. in last French war; was chosen capt. of militia Apr. 22, 1776; 
led his company to Ticonderoga on the Burgoyne invasion; resigned 
his office Apr., 18S0; did not "lead his company to Cambridge" on 
the Lexington alarm; d. Dec. 12, 1781. He m. July 12, 1744, Mary, 
dau. Ens. Jona. Wells; she d. June 19, 1779. 

Ch.: Tiinoihy, Dec. 18. 1744; d. Dec. Jonathan, Nov. 21, 1750. 

24. 1744. Eliphaz, Oct. i, 1752. 

Mary, Jan. 21, 1745-6; d. Feb. 19, 1781. Anna, 1755; d. Aug. 5, 1792. 

Timothy, Apr. 9, 1748 (22). Lecta, bap. Feb. 21, 1768. 

11, Amzi, s. of Samuel (5), b. 1740; sol. in the last French and In- 
dian war; lived at Wapping; d. Nov. 2, 181 7. He m. Jan. 22, 1767, 
Submit, dau. David Wright; she d. Sept. 2, 1824, a. 78. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, Dec. 29. 1767; d. Apr. 14 or 21, 1771. 

29, 1768. Simeon, June 9, 1772; (pub. Sept. 22, 

Elizabeth, Feb. 17, 1769; m. Feb. 6, 1805) Ilannah Paine; she d. Nov. 

1794, Salah Root of Mont. 10, 1842; he d. Jan. 24, 1S34, a. 61. 

David Wright, May 12, 1771; d. May Amzi, Oct. i, 1774; (pub. Nov. 24, 1804) 

GUILDS. 113 

Rhoda Snow of Goshen; d. May 21, Henry, Feb. 27, 1785 (25). 

1835. Sarah, Aug. 12, 1787; m. Dec. 11, 1828, 

Submit, Dec. 6, 1776; d. Apr. 26, 1833. Giles Hubbard of Leverett. 

David W., Nov. 27, 1778 (23). Alvin, Aug. 11, 1789 (26). 

James, Nov. 10, 1780; grad. W. C. 1806; Charlotte, Aug. 11, 1792; m. Sept. 19, 

d. Oct. 2, 1806. 1830, Sam'l Billings of Wooster, O. 
Erastus, Oct. 31, 1782 (24). 

12, Samuel, s. of Samuel (5), b. 1745; known as "Brigadier 
Childs;" lived on the " Old Ware lot," at the south end of the Street; 
d. Oct. 27, 1808. He ni. Nov. 29, 1770, Mary, dau. Jeremiah Niuis; 
she d. Jan. 7, 1821, a. 72. 

Ch.: Mary, Sept. 22, 1771; m. Moses field, Vt. 

Smith of Shel. Rufus, Feb. 28, 1786; m. Phila Bar- 
Israel, Jan. 17, 1773; d. Aug. 8, 1777. nard, Waterbury, Vt. ; d. Sept. 
Experience, June 3, 1775; d. Aug. 2, 26, 1861. 

1777. Sophia, July 21, 17S8; m. Quartus 

Samuel, July i, 1777 (27). Marsh of Heath. 

Israel, July 25, 1779 (28), Clarissa, July 21, 1788; m. Oct. 23, 1810, 

William, Oct. 12, 1781; m. Dec. 18, Shuljal Atherton of Henderson, N. 

1806, Fanny Smith; d. Ian. 5, 1812. Y. 

Experience, Jan. 27, 1784; m. Jan. 9, Sarah, May 4, 1791; m. Shubal Alher- 

1808, Ebenezer Barnard of Waits- ion. 

13, Asa, s. of Asa (6), b. 1738; rem, to Shel.; d. Jan. 22, 1832. 
He m. Dec. 22, 1768, Elizabeth, dau. John Hawks; she d. Dec. 24, 
1770, a. 31; a second wife was buried July 27, 1774, a. abt. 27; (3) 
Oct. 20, 1778, Mercy, dau. Childs; she d. Mar. 16, 1827, a. 77. 

Ch.: Asa, Oct. 4, 1769; d. Feb. 4, 1770. nard of Greenville, N. Y. 

Elizabeth, Dec. 15, 1770; d. Feb. 4, 1771. Philetus, May 14, 1786. 

Asa, July 18, 1779 (29). Mercy, Sept. 17, 1792; m. Apr. 28, 181-4, 

Fanny, Feb. 22, i78i; m. Thos. Bar- David Anderson. 

14, Leheus, s. of Asa (6), b. 1740; rem. to Con. He m. Oct. 4, 
1767, Sarah Walker; she was of Con., 1791. 

Cli.:\ David, Apr. 19, 1768. Mary, bap. Feb. 24, 1779. 
Enos, Mar. 23, 1770. Oliver, July 27, 1783; m. Electa, dau. 
Solomon, bap. July 5, 1772. Oliver Whitmore, who d. Aug. 2, 
Sarah, bap. Nov. 13, 1774. 1816; (2) Nancy Hart; (3) Betsey Gil- 
Miriam, bap. Nov. 3, 1776. bert. 

15, Samuel, s. of Asa (6), b. 1742; sett, at Wapping; weaver; was 
known as "Jimmy Shuttle;" the name of Samuel was so common 
that nick-names were also commoirand quite convenient; he d. Mar. 
I, 1814. He m. Sept. 22, 1768, Kunice, dau. of Noah Wright; she 
d. Jan. 21, 1830, a. 79. 

Ch.: Noah Wright, Aug. 20, 1769(30). Tirza, July 12, 1780; m. Ian. 7, 1S14, 

Asa, Aug. 23, 1771 (31). Zenophon Janes of Nfd. 

Esther, Aug. 16, 1773; d. Jan. 15, 1799. Lemuel, Aug. 28, 17S2; a printer; d. in 

Rhoda, Sept. 5, 1775; d. Oct. 2, 1775. Gfd., Feb. 25, 1808. 

Rhoda, Oct. 30, 1776; m. (pub. A\pr. 3, Samuel, Sept. 2, 1784(32). 

1S02) Elijah Brown of Leyden, father Cephas, Feb. 2, 1787 (33). 

of Henry K. Brown the sculptor. Caroline, Mar. i, 1790; d. unm. at Sul- 
Eunice, Aug. 17, 1778; m. Ezekiel Web- livan, N. Y., June(?)i8ii. 

sier (?); (2) (Jiles Hubbard. Abigail, bap. May 15, 1791; d. young 

16, Reuben, s. of Asa (6), b. 1755; Rev. sol. at Bunker Hill; rem. 


to Con., 1S12; d. Oct. 15, 1843. He m. Oct. 20, 1786, Thankful 
Scott or Bliss, she d. 1833. 

C/t.:\ Joshua, Nov. 29, 1784; m. Jan. Dennis, Jan. 31,1800; ni. Apr. 21 ,1836, 

30, 1810, Susan King of VVilbraham. Clarissa Keyes. 

Sophia, May, 17S7; d. unm. at Con., Sylvester, Oct. 6, 1801 ; d. July 22, 1803. 

Jan. 13, 1S54. Sylvester, Nov. b, 1803; ni. Mary 

Seth, ; m. Emily Knceland; d. ut Keyes; d. in Gfd. Aug. 11, 1856. 

Pittsburg, Pa., Aug. 2tj, 1863. Per. Charles, who was in Gfd. 1820. 

Horace H., May 17, 1797; m. Mary C. Thankful S., July 13, 1807; m. Mar. 

Jenney of What. 26, 1S29, Oliver Smith of What. 

17, TvKMUF.i,, s. of David (7), b. 1752; Wappins^; d. Apr. 22, 1782. 
He m. Rebecca Smith, prob. dau. Alexander of Amh.; rec'd fr. chh. 
in Amh., June 27, 1779; ^he m. (2) Dec. 15, 17S4, Martin Cooley of 
Wapping; she d. Aug. 29, 1S09, a. 55. 

C/i.: Joanna, Sept. 5, 1779; "^- Mil'- Dec. 9, 1802, Asa Sanderson, of Con. 

30, 1799, Oliver Morton of What. and Ash., where she d. Aug. 26,1867. 

Rebecci Warner, Jan. 15, 1781; m. 

I81 Jonathan, s. of Jona. (8), b. 1756; Rev. sol.; sett, in Wil- 
mington, Vt.; d. July 31, 1819. He m. Jan. 13, 1778, Deliverance, 
dau. Nathan Freeman of Hardwick; she d. Dec. 30, 1785, a. 25; (2) 
Anna Thompson; she d. Oct. 3, 1838, a. 74. 

C/i.:j Dau., ; who m. Sage. Jonathan, Aug. 4, 1794; m. June 2,1822, 

Betsey, May 6, 1787; m. Feb. 9, 1815, Cynthia Lusk. 

Thomas Wait of Coventry, R. I. Freeman, Feb. 17, 1797 (34). 

Jairus, Feb. 19, 1790; m. Betseyjones. Adna Bangs, Feb. 3, 1799 (35). 

Clarissa, Feb. 5, 1792; m. Apr. 13, 1712, William, July 8, 1802; m. May 10,1829. 

Spencer Alvord. Marilla Lamb. 

19, David, s. of Jonathan (8), b. 1760; sett, in New Salem; d. 
Jan., 1858, a. 97. He m. Lydia Hcmenvvay; she d. Nov., 1838, a. 76. 

C//.:\ Polly, Nov. 11, 17S7. Lydia, Nov. 21,1800; m. abt. 1837, Smith 

Rhoda, Jan. 5, 1789. Kelley of Greenwich; d. Sept. 23, 

Abigail, July 6, 1791; d. young. 1879. 

Abigail, Apr. 5, 1794. Samuel, Dec. 20, 1804; d. at New Sa- 

Fanny, Sept. 7, 1796; m. Squires. lem, Sept. 10, 1875. 

20, Ebenezer, s. of Ebenezer (9), b. 1756; Shel. ; doctor; d. Nov. 
13, 1813. He m. Jan. 22, 1778, Elizabeth, dau. Nathan Erary, b. 

C/i.: Rachel, Dec. i, 1778; m. May 2, Elizabeth, Sept. 23, 1785; m. Feb. 7, 

1802, Appleton Skinner. 1806, Sylvanus Allen. 

Thankful,Feb.8, 1780; d. in York State, Charles Doolittle, July 3, 1787(37)- 

1834. Linus, Nov. 14, 1789; went West; d. .?./>. 

Elizabeth, Mar. 20, 1782; d. 1782. Nathan, Apr. 19, 179I; d. Apr. 20, 1791. 

Ebenezer, Apr. 18, 1784 (36). Lloyd, Apr. 14, 1792; d. 1794. 

21, David, s. of Ebenezer (9), b. 1760, in Shutesbury; Rev. sol.; 
sett, in Con.; d. Mar. 15, 1828. He m. Mar., 1784, Clarissa Dickin- 
son of Goshen; she d. Apr. 27, 1844, a. 82. 

CA.:, Jan. 22, 1785; m. June, George Rogers of Con.; she d. 1850. 

1806, Stephen Sanderson of What. Otis, Apr. 4, 1790; m. Jan. 13, 1813, 

Calista, Feb. 18, 1787; m. Oct. 7, 1812, Sally, dau. David Field; she d. Dec. 

CHILDS. 115 

29, 1819; (2) Dec. 14, 1820, Electa ana Parker of Utica, N. Y. 

Clary; (3) Feb. 22, 1827, Lois Parsons; Justus, Oct. 6, 1799; d. j. /. June 18, 
she d. Feb. 22, 1844; (4) Aug. 28, 1828. 

1844, Mrs. Anna Dickinson of Buffalo. Franklin, June 28, 1802. 
Silas Dickinson, May 29, 1794; m.Rox- 

22, Timothy, s. of Capt. Timothy (10), b. 1748; entered H. C. 
1764; left without being grad. in 1767; studied medicine and prac- 
ticed at Dfd. a few yrs. ; bef. 1774 rem. to Pittsfield, where he became 
distinguished in the profession; rec'd honorary degree of M. D. at 
H. C. 181 1 ; was an ardent Whig in the Rev. and as Heut. led a com- 
pany of 50 Minute Men fr. Pittsfield to Cambridge on the Lexington 
alarm; they left Worthington, en route at noon, Apr. 24. He was 
surgeon in Col. Patterson's regt., and was in the expedition to Can.; 
was rep. nine yrs., 1785-1814; senator seven yrs., 1800-1815; d. Feb. 
25, 182 1. He m. Feb. i, 1778, Rachel Wells, dau. Col. James Eas- 
ton, Pittsfield, of Ticonderoga fame. 

Ch.: Perrygrine (later Perry Green) of Pittsfield. 

Aug. 2, 1779; W.C. iSoo; m. abt.1807, Sophia, Jan. 10, 1785; d. July 20, 17S6, 

Catherine Ledyard; hed. at Cazeno- Sophia, Oct. 4, 1788; m. Jan. 16, 1816. 

via, N. Y., Mar. 27, 1835. Sam'l Ledyard; living in 1881. 

David Wells, Apr. 10, 1781; W.C. 1800; Timothy, Jan. i, 1790; W. C. 1811; law- 

d. July27, 1826; m. Susan Trobridge. yer; M. C; d. on ship Emily on his 

Henry Halsey, June 4, 1783; W. C. return fr. St. Croix, Nov. 25, 1847. 

1802; a distinguished physician in Ann Dwight, July 2, 1793. 

Pittsfield; organized the Berkshire Thomas Wells, Mar. 16, 1796; grad. 

Medical Institute 1823, in which he West Point, 1814; Capt. of Artillery, 

was prof, until 1863; lecturer at 1826; Major in Florida war; Lt. Col. 

Bowd. C; rep. 1816, 1827, 1834; sen- 1842; Col. 1846; led the storming 

ator 1837; Lt. Gov. 1844, and in the party at Monterey; Brig. Gen. 1847; 

Cons. Convention, 1820; d. in Bos- d. in Florida, Oct. 8, 1852. 

ton. Mar. 22, 1868; m. Sarah Allen Mary Mills, Mar. 16, 1798. 

23, David W., s. of Amzi (11), b. 1778; sett, in Con.; d. Feb. 2, 
1810. He m. 1802, Eunice, dau. John Clapp; she m. (2) Elisha 
Bogue; she d. July 6, 1868, a. 91. 

Ch.:\ Herrick, July 26, 1803 (38). Elijah Smith; she d. Dec. 17, 1875. 

Clarissa, Oct. 5, 1804; m. (pub. Mar. Eunice, ; m. Solomon Burr. 

12, 1831) Eli Smith. David W., Sept., 1809 (39). 
Sylvia, May 6, 1806; m. Mar. 31, 1S30, 

24, Erastus, s. of Amzi (11), b. 1782; shoemaker and farmer; 
lived at Wapping; known as "Uncle Tom;" d. Feb. 17, 1858. He 
m. Jan. 8, 1810, Mercy, dau. Paul Hawks; she d. Dec. 28, 1854. 

Ch.: Hannah Dickinson, Oct. 22, 1811 ; Nathaniel Hitchcock. 

\\\. Apr. 17, 1836, Boyden Arms. Ralph, Feb. 5, 1822 (41). 

James, July 31, 1813 (40). Robert, Apr. 22, 1824 (42). 

Rodolphus, Oct. iS, 1815; m. Nancy Mary, ; d. May 4, 1829, a. 6 mos. 

Smith. Mercy. 
Calista, July 5, 1819; m. Nov. 26, 1840, 

25, Henry, s. of Amzi (11), b. 1785; deacon; sett, at Wapping; 
farmer; known as ''Dr. Harry;" d. Mar. 9, 1869. He m. Jan. 19, 
1817, Matilda, dau. Ethan Billings of Ciill; she d. June 11, 1825, a. 
37; (2) Dec. 20, 1827, Catherine Warriner; she d. Oct. 12, 1870, a. 75. 


Ch.: Amzi, Nov. i, 1817(43). Matilda, June 19, 1S24; m. Dec. 20, 

Henry, July 18, 1819 (44). 1848, Evander G. Stebbins. 

Dexter, June 23, 1822 (45). 

26, Alvin, s. of Am/i (11), b. ly.SQ; liveil at Wapping; d. Atig. 
7, 1839. He m. Sept. 30, 1819, Sophia, dan. Paris Field of Leverett; 
she d. July 12, 1835, a. 39; (2) May 4, 1836, Liicretia, dau. Samuel 
Bardwell, wid. of Wni. Clark. 

Ch.:\ Cynthia, Aug. 15, 1820; m. VVm. Elizal)cth J. Adams; sell, in Sund. 

Gaylord of Sund. Paris, Feb. 20, 1827. 

Lucy, >Lar. 7, 1S22; d. June 10, 1824. Simeon, Mar. 5, 1S37. 
Israel, Jan. 27, 1S24; m. Jan. 12, 1859, 

27, SaiMuel, s. of Samuel (12), b. 1777; lived at Hoosac; known 
as "Sam Canada;" d. May 24, 1830. He m. (pub. Sept. 29, 1804) 
Anna, dau. Solomon I'icld of Con.; she d. July 31, 1854, a. 80. 

Ch.: Mary, Jan. 6, 1806; prob. m. 1827, Goodnough; she d. July 10, 1S47. 

Israel Wilder. Fidelia, Apr. 15, 1S12; m. Nov. 27, 1837, 
Minerva, Jan. 16, 1808; m. Nov. 17, Gorham Hamilton. 

1830, Alfred O. Goodnough; d. Nov. Samuel, Oct. 4, 1S15 (46). 

13, 1834, a. 26. Ann, Mar. 7, 181S; d. Dec. 24, 1834. 
Martha, Jan. 19, 1810; m. Alfred O. 

28, Israel, s. of Samuel (12), b. 1779; sold out the Old Ware lot 
to Jona. Arms, 181 1, and rem. to Shel. ; dea., i8oi,and schoolmaster 
1815; (1. May 5, 1821. He m. Feb. 28, 1805, Sidney Hawks; she 
m. (2) Feb. 21, 1828, Dorick Smith; (3) June 2, 1845, Dea. Nathan 
Jjenton; she d. Dec. 10, 1855, a. 80. 

Ch.:\ Marian, Feb. 3, 1S06; d. unm. (ieorge, Nov. 28, 1815; d. Mar. 4 1816. 

May 18, 1823. Clarissa. Jan. 2, 1S18; d. May i, 1836. 

Jane, Sept. 9, i8og; m. Nov. 8, 1832, Rufus, Apr. 28, 1819; m. Oct. 8. 1S44, 

David W. Childs. Pamelia P. Hobcrt of Berlin, Vt. 

Israel, Dec. 25 1811; d. Mar. i, 1813. Israel, .'\pr. 7, 1821; d. Dec. 27, 1823. 
Israel, Apr. 19, 1814; d. Jan 24, 1S15. 

29, Asa, s. of Asa (13), b. 1779; lived in Uolton, N. V.; rem. to 
Shel. abt. 181 2; d. Nov. 3, 181 7. He m. Jan. 25, 1798, Polly, dau. 
Remembrance Grandy; (2) Sabera , bef. 1808. 

Cli.:\ Rachel Parsons, Aug. 2, 180S, ton. 

in Bolton. Henry Baxter, Dec. 22, 1814. 

Maria Gibson, Sept. 15, 1809, in Bolton. James Harvey, Feb. 22, 181S; name 

Robertus Wright, Apr. 19, 181 1, in Bol- changed to Asa by a Legislative Act. 

30, NoAii W., s. of Samuel (15), b. 1769; rem. to Sullivan, N. Y. 
after 1804; was in the army at Buffalo as sergt., 1812; d. Oct. 4, 
1825. Hem. Dec. 19, 1791, Mary, dau. Benoni ("rraves of Sund.; 
she d. Sept. 10, 1859, a. 76. 

Ch.: Theodorick, Mar. 30, 1792; m. Harriet, Jan. 30, 1795; d. Feb. 24, 1796. 

May 14, 1814, Jane Crawford; d. Ju- Harriet, Oct. 6, 1796; d. Jan. 9, 1S60. 

ly 16, 1834. Julia Franklin, Apr. 13, 1798; m. May 

Wm. Parsons, May 14, 1793; m. Dec. 7, 1834, Ward \Valion. 

12, 1S23, Mabel Worcester; (2) Miner- James Hector, Nov. 16, 1801; m. (^ct. 

va Blackman; (3) Betsey Rose, tl. 28, 1829, Lucy Hayden. 

Apr. 13, 1S71. Calista, Apr. 23, 1804; d. unm. Sept. 

CHILDS. 117 

i8, i860. 1833, Catherine VV. Marvin. 

Carlos, Apr. 23, 1804; d. Sept. iS, 1825. Edward, July 15, 1813; m. June 22, 

George Morris, May 15, 1S08; m. Pal- 1841, Clara G. Barr; k, in railroad 

myra P. Wardsworth. collision, 1874. 
Alonzo W., Apr. 4, 1811; m. Mar. 5, 

31, Asa, s. of Samuel (15), b. 1771 ; was of Col. 1820; d. abt. 1822. 
He 111. Jan. 25, 1798, Polly, dau. Remembrance Grandy of Ufd. 

C/i..- Charles, Feb. 14, 1799; in. Apr. 25, Catherine, Dec. 17, 1806. 

1822, Eliza, dau. David Wellsof Dfd. Lucinda, Jan. 24, 1809; m. Dec. 7, 1857, 

Lewis, Oct. 29. 1800. Medad Alexander of Mont.; she d. 

Esther, Nov. 3, 1802; m. Isaac Bennett. Dec. 4, 1880. 
Mary, Jan. 14, 1805. 

32, Samuel, s. of Samuel (15), b. 1784; Wapping; known as 
"Lawyer Childs;" farmer; d. Nov. 3, 1867. He m. Nov. 25, 1813, 
Electa, dau. Peter Gates of Con.; she d. Jan. 29, 1876. 

Ch.: Albert, Dec. 28. 1814 (47). 1848, Caleb A. Starr, now a drug- 

Theodore, Apr. i, 1818; d. Oct. 8, 1842. gist of Durand, 111. 

Susan Gates, Aug. 10, 1821; m. May 25, 

33, Cephas, s. of Samuel (15), b. 1787; blacksmith; sett, at the 
Meadow Mills; d. Apr. 14, 1831. He m. June 21, 1809, Eleanor, 
dau. Jonathan Root of Mont.; she d. Sept. 13, 1866. 

Ch.: Lemuel, May 13, 1810 (48). to Chicopee; was paymaster of the 

Franklin, Oct. 21, 1812; d. June 8, 1849. Dwight Mfg. Co.; editor Chicopee 

George, Dec. 13, 1814(49). Journal; active and prominent in 

Caroline, N(;v. 10, 1818. political, military & chh. affairs; rep. 

Jonathan Root, May 10, 1822; m. Jan. 1S51; d. Mar. 2, 1857; his wid. m. 

I, 1846, Frances W., dau. John F. May 27, 1859, George A. Arms of 

Stearns of Dummerston, Vt. ; was Gfd. 

clerk in "Dr. Charles's " store; rem. Cephas Root, Aug. 26, 1824. 

34, Freeman, s. of Jonathan (18), b. 1797; Wilmington, Vt. ; d. 
Feb. 12, 1849. He m. Dec. 18, 1833, Elizabeth Root of Mont. 

Ch.:\ Edward Vincent. Adeline A.; second wife to Oramel 

Ellen Elizabeth, abt. 1837; m. Aug. i, Stebbins. 

1S60, Oramel Stebbins. Brainard Freeman. 

35, Adna B., s. of Jonathan (18), b. 1799; s^tt. in Wilmington 
and very prominent there; major; deputy sheriff; postmaster 24 yrs.; 
was the founder of the Universalist chh. there; d. Jan. 8, 1874. He 
m. Mar. 9 or 19, 1826, Hannah, dau. Maj. Jonathan and Hannah 
(Hoyt) (Hamilton) Lamb; she d. Aug. 28, 1870. 

Ch.: John Murdock, Apr. 16, 1827; m. 6, 1861, Annette Fox. 

Nov. 20, 1849; Martha A. Winches- Helen Marilla, Aug. 8, 1836; m. Sept. 

ler. 3, 1856, John S. Clary. 

William H., Sept. 17, 1828; m. Sept. George Lewis, May 10, 1838; drowned 

24, 1854, Anna P. Goodrich. in Minn., June 14, 1857. 

Hannah A., Aug. 26, 1830; m. Apr. 9, Asaph Parmelee, June 10, 1840; m. 

iSsi, Weils S. Snow; (2) 1874, Harry July 3, 1873, Sarah P. Cady. 

L. Williams. Esther Maria, Mar. 9, 1843; m. July i, 

Mary Jane, July 16, 1832; m. Apr. 9, i860, Kittridge Haskins of Bratt. 

1850, Edwin Thayer. Rolin Skinner, Oct. il, 1845; m. May 

Adna Lyman, Aug. 26, 1834; m. June 2, 1872, Julia Esterbrooks. 


Sarah Martha, Aug. 13, 1847; in. Feb. Frederick Willard, Sept. iS. 1849; m. 

17, 1S76, Chas. b. Kidder, Spfd. Ian. 8, 1878, Kinma M. FuUerton. 

36, Ebenkzer, s. of Dr. Kbenezer (20), b. 1784; Shel.; doctor; 
sett, in practice in (loshen; abt. 1S14 ret. to Shel.; in 1839 rem. to 
Mt. Morris, N. Y., and in 1847 to Mitcliell Co., N. C. ; d. 1862-5? 
He m. Alvira, dan. Rev. David Long of Shel.; she d. in Lincohilnn, 
N. C, Feb. 21, 1878, a. 91. 

Ch.:\ Albertus, Aug. 16, 1809. ris, 1S42. 

Ebenezer. Jan. 18, 1812; b. at Goshen. Harriet A., Aug. 24, 1823. 

Lysander, Dec. 17, 1813. David M., May 24, 1826. 

Hannah, Mar. 23, 1816. Elizabeth A., Jan. 9, 1829; d. at Mt. 

Augustus B., Aug. 3. 1818. Morris, 1848. 

Jackson C, Jan. 5, 1820; d. at Mt. Mor- 

37, Charles D., s. of Ebenezer (20), b. 1787; Shel.; tanner and 
currier; rem. to York, N. Y., in 1827. He m. Feb. 23, 1813, Cath- 
erine, dau. Arms of Shel. 

C/i.: Harriet N., June 15, T8if); d. July 1843, Louisa Hamilton. 

26, 1821. Harriet N., Oct. 28, 1821; m. Dec. 10, 

Catherine A., Mar. 9, 181S; m. July 17. 1850, D. W. Vittum. 

1845, Rev. Edward Marsh. George A., Mar. 27, 1B25; m. Mar. 4, 

Charles D., June 5, 1820; m. Jan. 12, 1856, Susan E. Doty. 

38, Herick, s. of David W. (23), b. 1803; rem. to Cleveland, O.; 
d. Oct. 22, 1858. He m. June 11, 1829, Selena, dau. Nathan lUick- 
ingham of O.xford, Vt. 

Ch.: Euphemia J., Mar. 16, 1830; m. George W., Dec, 1. 1834; d. Dec. 5,1851. 

Dec. 13, 1849, Wm. L. Standart. Charles Herrick, Sept. 16, 1837. 

William Arms, Aug. 27, 1831; d. Aug. F.dwin D., Apr. 27, 1839. 

24, 1851. Henry B., Jan. 27, 1S42. 

Oscar A., Apr. 12, 1833; m. Oct. 12, Martha, Nov. 10, 1848. 

1850, Martha Searles. 

39, D.AVii) W., s. of David W. (23), b. 1809; dca.; farmer at Wap- 
ping; insurance agent; rem. late in life to Braintree; d. May 16, 1879. 
He m. Nov. 8, 1832, Jane, dau. Israel Childs; she d. Sept. 28, 1867, 
a. 58; (2) Clarissa Hay ward of Braintree. 

Ch.: Marian, Aug. 14, 1833; m. Aug. Henry Seymour, Sept. 4, 1844; m. Dec. 

II, 1853, B. Z. Stebbins. 7, 1865, Lucy E., dau., Samuel T. 

Sarah J., Jan. 22, 1836; d. Nov. 5, 1836. Grout of Hawley. 
Sarah J., June 20, 1839; d. Aug. 5, 1843. 

40, James, s. of Erastus (24), b. 1813; Wapping; farmer; deacon. 
He in. May 22, 1844, Marronett Pease of Ashficld. 

Ch.: George, Mar. 18, 1845; sol. in Mary J. Smith. 

the Great Rebellion; m. May 9, 1885, 

41, Rali'H, s. of Erastus (24), b. 1822; sol. in the Creat Rebel- 
lion; sett. abt. 1854 in Shel. Falls; d. Dec. 12, 1867, a. 45. He m. 
Apr. 16, 1844, Louisa W. Benham. 

Ch.:\ Ralph Stebbins, Aug. 11. 1S45. Homer B., Aug. 7, 1850; d. Apr. 27, 

Charles H., July 17, 1847; d. Apr. 25, 1853. 

1853. Ida L., abt. May 11, 1854; d. July 20, 

CHILDS. 119 

1858. Charles H., Nov. 12, 1858. 

Isabella J., Nov. 13, 1856; d. July 22, Homer B., June 11, 1862, in Col 
1858. Julia L., Feb. 7, 1868, in Col. 

42. Robert, s. of Erastus (24), b. 1824; lumber man and miller; 
lives on the lot sequestered for the use of the ministry in 1687. He 
ni. Jan. 8, 1851, Mary, dau. Byron Warren; she d. June 8, 1870; (2) 
Apr. 22, 1873, Mrs. Phebe Graham. 

Ch.: Mary Ella, June 25, 1853; m. Oct. Francis R., Sept. 26, 1871;. 

21, 1S86, Fred A. Fenno of Holyoke. Alice E., 
Robert Warren, May 26, 1862. 

43. Amzi, s. of Henry (25), b. 1817; sett, in Peterboro, N. H. 
He m. Jan. 28, 1846, Sarah A. Manahan; (2) Margaret Brennan. 

Ch.: Henry, Sept. 21, 1849. 

44. Henry, s. of Henry (25), b. 1819; a teacher in Cleveland, O. ; 
rem. to Buffalo, where he became prominent as a man of affairs and 
as proprietor of the Buffalo Steam Forge; he did a heavy business 
in supplying railroads with car axles; d. Feb. 10, 1885. He m Aug. 
19, 1847, Elizabeth, dau. Henry Hitchcock, b. 1818. 

Ch.: George William, Dec 28, 1852, at June 27, 1882, Flenry B. Stimson. 

Cleveland;drovvned at Buffalo, Feb. Henry Kimberley, Mar. q, 1863, in 

25, i860. Buffalo; k. by the accidental dis- 

Catherine Warriner, Oct. 20, 1855. charge of his gun while hunting on 

Elizabeth Hitchcock, Aug. 3, 1857; m. Niagara river, Apr. 12, 1884. 

45. Dexter, s. of Henry (25), b. 1822; farmer at Wapping; se- 
lectman many years. He m. June 6, i860, Elizabeth, dau. Enoch 
Briggs, b. 1825. 

CIt.: Arthur, Dec. 22, 1862. 

46i Samuel, s. of Samuel (27), b. 1815; dea.; lived at Hoosac; a 
famous maple sugar maker; he d. Feb. 17, 1874. He m. Nov. 26, 
1837, Mary S., dau. Socrates Sheldon; she d. June 28, 1886. 

Ch.: Alonzo, May 6, 1839; •"• Melissa Harriet M., Dec. 29, 1852; m. Oct. 30, 

A. , dau. Alonzo C.Rice, Oct. 27, 1864. 1873, Stephen C. Kingsley. 

Samuel, June 8, 1843; m. Harriet E. Mary E., May i, 1847; an adopted 

Mason, Nov. 27, 1868; (2) June 29, niece; m. Nov. 17, 1869, Andrew B. 

1879, M. Anna Vincent. ■- Jackson. 

47. Albert, s. of Samuel (32), "the Lawyer," b. 1814; farmer at 
Wapping. He m. Nov. 21, 1851, Martha L,, dau. Clark Slate of 

Ch.: Theodore, .Mar. 16, 1853; m. Jan. Susan Gates, Dec. 19, 1854. 
15,1879, Clara P., dau. Urbane Scars Anna Susan, Sept. 27, 1857. 
of Hawley. 

48. Lemuel, s. of Cephas {n), b. 1810; blacksmith at the Mill; 
d. Nov. 8, 1882. He m. June 10, 1847, Almira, dau. Joseph R. 



Ch.: Edward Smead, Mar. 22, 1848. 1870, Walter Arnold. 

George Franklin, Jan. 30, 1850; m. Mary Jane, Oct. 14, 1S54; m. Jan. 31, 

May 3, 18S2, Mrs. Martha W. Moody. 1882, [(jhn Mullen. 

Julia Ellen, Dec. 14, 1S52; m. Dec. 28, Jona. Root, Jan. 27, 1862. 

49, CrKORGE, s. of Cephas (33), b. 1S14; insurance agent; lived 
in Bratt. ; rem. to Leyden, where he d. He ni. Sept., 1859, Mary 
Anne Crosby of Bratt. ; (2) Elvira Marcy of l.eyden. 

Ch.: Ellen Catherine, ; m. Rev. VVni. Phelan. 

1, C'lIOAT, Stephen, b. 1734; was prob. s. of Stephen and Re- 
becca C'hoat and grandson of Samuel C'hoat and Mary, dau. Stephen 
Williams of Roxbury; he was in Dfd., 1769; d. inShel., Jan. 13, 1775; 
his wife was Bathsheba Newton; save birth of son Stephen, the fol- 
lowing record is very doubtful. 

Ch.:\ Eunice, ; m. Sept. 25, 1792; 

Samuel Kelly of Wardsboro, Vt. 
Stephen, Mar. 12, 1773. 

Prob. llaniiah, who ni. .Apr. i, 177S, 

Abraham Hlodgett of She). 
Prob. Patience. 
William (2). 

2, William, s. ot Stephen (i); Dfd., 1773; Rev. sol. He m. 
Elizabeth . 

Ch.:\ Elizabeth. 




All the above born before 1787. The 

Cheats seem to have been a roying 
tribe, living in Wisdom anil .Shel., 
over the line and back; also in Wil- 
mington, Halifax and Marlboro, Vt. 

CHOON, Andrew, taxed 1779. , 

CHURCH, Benjamin, had home lot at Wapping, 1685; tl. 1690. 

CHURCH, Jonathan, Wapping, 1685; lost in the expedition 
against Canada, 1690; he was prob. brother of Benj., but their par- 
entage is not found. 

CLAPP, Charles, b. in Nhn., 1768; hatter; d. at Bloody Brook, 
Mar. 14, 1859. 

1, CLAPP, John, fr. Mont.; living on the farm of his father 
Smead, at Pine Nook, Jan. 13, 1781, where he d. Aug. 4, 1826, a. 
89. He m. Nov. 13, 1760, Eunice, dau. Joseph Smead; she d. Dec. 
5, 1825, a. 87. 

Ch.: John, Dec. 13, 1764(2). Eunice, May 26, 1777; m. 1S02, D.uid 

Elisha, Apr. 11, 1767(3). W. Childs; (2) Esq. Elisha Hogue of 

Joseph, Aug. 3, 1769 (4). ~ Pine Nook; she d. July 6, 1868. 

Erastus, July 30, 1771 (5). Clarissa, July 2, 1782; m. June 2y, 1809, 

Seth, Aug. 12, 1774(6). Samuel E. Field. 

2, John, s. of John (t), b. 1764; sett, at Pine Nook. He m. .\i)r. 
5, 1785, Phebe, dau. Samuel Ross; she d. Aug. 4, 1803, a. 41; (2) 
(pub. Dec. 24, 1803) wid. Polly Clary of Had. 

Ch.: Phebe, Feb. 5. 1786; d. Aug 2, 

Artemas, Mar. 3, 1787; drowned May 

II, 1802. 
Ebenezer, May 13, 1788 (7). 
Kata, Jan. 31, 1790; m. Mar. 3, 1811', 



Hibbard Smith; d. Apr. 17, 1852. 
Sally, Oct. 10, 1791; m. Loring Bates. 
John, May 21, 1793; m. Jan. 14, l8ig. 

Lucy Hanson. 
Spencer, Aug. 17, 1794; d. Nov. 2, 1818. 
Zenas, Jan. 30, 1796 (8). 
Calvin Ross, June 23, 1797 (9). 
Hiram, Dec. 26, 1798; d. Mar. i, 1S71; 

m. Betsey (Richmond) Cobb; (2) Feb. 

28, 1870, Catherine G., dau. Erastus 

Clapp, wid. of Joel Fish. 
Patty, May 4, 1800; d. Aug. 6, 1S03. 
Samuel, May 29, iSoi; d. Oct. 9, 1801. 
Wyman, May 21, 1802; d. Oct. i, 1802. 
Eunice, July g, 1803; m. Dec. 29, 1821, 

Benj.T. Bridges; she d. Nov. 5, 1831. 

3, Elisha, s. of John (i), b. 1767; Pine Nook or Great River; d. 
Feb. 4, 1835. He m. Feb. 23, 1792, Aseneth, dau. Aaron Taylor of 
Mont.; she d. Aug. 27, 1827, a. 53; (2) (pub. July 23, 1828) Patty, 
dau. Elihu White of Hat., wid. of Elihu Robbins; she d. abt. 1856. 

Ch.: Eleanor, Feb. 3, 1793; m. Mar. 26, 
1S17, Wm. M. Ross. 

Nancy, Oct. 10, 1794; d. Dec. 29, 1873. 

Gratia, Nov. 2, 1796; m. (pub. Oct. 30, 
1823) Hart Phillips, now (1895) of 
Hoosick, N. Y. ; d. at Hoosick, Nov. 
II, 1831. 

Seth, Dec. 18, 1798; m. Apr. 14, 1828, 
Sophia, dau. Elisha Bogue; shed, in 
the insane asylum at Bratt. abt. 1850; 

he d. June 23, 1854, at Greenbush, 

N. Y., in consequence of cutting his 

thumb on a circular saw. 
Ralph, Dec. 18, 1802 (10). 
Franklin, July 4, 1804 (11). 
Myra, Aug. 3, 1807; d. Dec. 15, 1831. 
Fanny, Mar. 29, 1810; d. Dec. 4, 1839. 
Alonzo, Mar. 11, 1833; d. s, p. June 4, 

1815, in III. 

4, Joseph, s. of John (i), b. 1769; rem. to Mont. abt. 1818; a 
carpenter, as were most or all of his boys; he invented a "Crank fire 
engine and water elevator," which was patented in 18 10; wife unk. 

Ch.: As given me by Hart Phillips of ness] he was badly injured but sur- 

Hoosick, N. Y. vived the fall. 

Harvey, — ; m. Clarissa, wid. of James Cyrus. 

Ball. Avery. 

Joseph, ; m. Betsey, dau. Samuel Erastus. 

Puffer of Sund. Lucy, — 

George, ; fell fr. the steeple of the Julia, — 

brick meetinghouse on which he was Sund. 

working in 1824, [to this I was a wit- 

m. — Gunn of Mont. 

m. Charles Whitmore of 

5, Erastus, s. of John (i), b. 1771; Pine Nook; rem. to Mill 

River, 1809; d. Sept. 12, 1851 
Ross; she d. June 17, 1832, a. 59. 

Ch.: Erastus, May 3, 1795; d. in two 

Cephas, Jan. i, 1797 (12). 
Erastus Gerry, Dec. 16, 1798; d. Aug. 

[6, 1803. 
Albert Smead, .Apr. 23, iSor; d. Aug. 

6, 1S03. 
Patty, June 19, 1804; m. Jan. i, 182S, 

Rufus or Henry Smith. 

He m. May 15, 1794, Kata Gerry 

Albert Smead, Sept. 28, 1806 (13). 
Melinda, Nov. 5, 1809; m. Dec. i, 1831, 

Orsamus Smith of Worthing ton; rem. 

to Ohio. 
Catherine G., Dec. 13, 1813; m. Aug. 

10, 1848, Joel Fish; (2) Hiram Clapp. 
Samuel Ross, Mar. 6, 1817; d. Oct. 13, 


6, Seth, s. of John (i), b. 1774; Pine Nook. He m. Sept. 
1801, Anna Cantral ot Sund.; she d. Feb. 28, 1841. a. 64. 


Ch.: Parvin, June 14, 1802; m. Dec. 8, 
1S26, Lucinda Cobb. 

Miranda, Apr. 2, 1804; m. Curtis Fair- 
child of Sund. 

Philo, May 26, 1806; m. (pub. Oct. 2, 

1830) Flora Witherbee of Boston. 
Clarissa, Sept. 14, 1808; m. (pub. Aug. 

26, 1831) Dan D. Ball. 
David Wright, Oct. 30, 1810. 
Susanna, Aug. 25, 1813; m. Dr. 


Jenks or Jacobs of Spfd. Fidelia, Apr. 25, 181S. 

Ann Elizabeth, Jan. q, i8r6. Tirza Smith, Nov. 2, 1820. 

7, EiiENEZER, s. of Jolm (2), 1). 1788; rem. to Nhn; d. l'"eb, 4, 
1858. He m. May 27, 1S13, Sally, ckui. Elijah Clary; she d. Oct. 18, 
182 1 ; (.?) Dec. 15, 1822, Abigail, dau. Solomon Anderson. 

Ch.: Lucilvia, May 14, 1815; m. 22, 1824. 

Graves. Fidelia, Aug. 14, 1825. 

Pamelia C, June 21, 1817. Charles II., Sept. 30, 1827. 

Sarah M., July 7, 1819; m. Oct. 23, Helen Mar, Dec. 4, 1829. 

1865, Almerin Cooley. Jane, May 6, 1831. 
Hiram Spencer, Sept. iS, 1823; d. Sept. 

3, Zenas, s. of John (2), b. 1796; Dart. C, 1821; tutor at A. C, 
1823-4; studied for the ministry and was licensed to preach, but on 
account of pulmonary troubles engaged in teaching; was principal of 
Deerfield Academy and similar institutions in Ashfield, .\mlierst, 
Chittenango and Ovid, N. Y. ; in 1816, rem. to St. Augustine, Kla., 
where he d. Jan. 29, 1837; Mr. Clajip built and lived in the house 
now occupied by J. G. (ireenough. He m. (i)ub. Sept. 14, 1S22) 
Pamelia, dau. Elijah Clary. 

Ch.: Harriet Pamelia Clary, Jan. 5, 1825; d. young. 

9, Calvin R., s. of John (2), b. 1797; Cooper at Great River; d. 
Nov. 15, 1871. He m. Dec. 5, 1S22, Tirza Smith; shed. May 8, 
1835, a. 40; (2) Philena Graves; she d. Feb. 19, 1856, a. 42; (3) Wid. 
Submit Farnsworth. 

67/..- Edwin Hubbard, Dec. 24, 1823 (14). 1864, Harriet G. Montford of Guil- 

Thomas (ierry, Sept. i, 1825 (15). ford, Vt. 

Sarah Jane, Oct. 18, 1827; d. June 21. Tirza P., Oct. 5, 1843; d. July 3, 1854. 

1859. Calvin S., July i, 1846; m. July 24, 
Marion A., Dec. 5, 1829; d. Sept. 13, 1869, Laura M., dau. Levi Gates. 

1856. Charles L., July 28, 1S50: m. Oct. 29, 
Eunice M., Dec. 22, 1831. 1874, Alice C. dau. Chauncey Keet. 

William H., Sept. 8, 1841; m. Dec. 14, 

XO. Ralph, s. of Elisha (3), b. 1802; Pine Nook farmer; select- 
man; d. Oct. 13, 1857. He m. Apr. 7, 1S41, Minerva, dau. William 
Smith; she d. Aug. 26, 1867, a. 53. 

Ch.:\ Alfred Dwight, Feb. 2r, 1S42; Edward Pason, Aug. 20, 1846; m. Oct. 

sol. in 52d regt. Mass. Vols., mus- 22, 1868, Sarah S. Clary; (2) Oct. 17, 

tered (Jet. 11, 1862; d. at Baton 1883, Cora E., dau. Pomroy Sheldon 

Rouge, Mar. 22, 18^)3. of Ml. Morris, N. Y. 

Addison Hibbard, Apr. 2, 1843; m. Oct. Myra Elizabeth, May 20. 1850; m. Apr. 

2. 1872. ; d. Dec. ifi, 1874. 7, 1875, . 

11, Franklin, s. of Elisha (3), b. 1804; farmer of Pine Nook; 
d. Aug. 3, 1853. He \w. June 2, 1835, Lona White of Col., b. June 
12, 1 810. 

Ch.: Mary J., Feb. 2, 1836. James W., July 30, 1842. 

Alonzo S., Aug. 7, 1839; m. May 2, George F. , Oct. 22, 1846. 
1871, Etta J. Ripley. 

12, Cephas, s. of Erastus (5), b. 1797; farmer at Mill River; 

CLAPP. 123 

prominent in town affairs; selectman nine consecutive yrs. ; rep., 
1850; he d. Mar. 7, 1875. He m. Apr. 17, 1828, Emily, dau. Dan'l 
Eoyden; she d. Aug. 4, 1871, a. 63, 

Ch.: Mary Amanda, Aug. 6, 1829; d. Francis, Dec. 4, 1837; '"• May 8, i860, 

Jan. 2, 1S36. Emma L., dau. Luther Clapp of 

Frances Maria, Mar. 20, 1831; d. Dec. Easthampton. 

15, 1836. Emily Boyden, Aug. 2, 1840; m. Apr. 

Cephas Gerry, Sept., 1833; m. Sept. 24, 13, 1864, John C. Melenda. 

1856, Martha C. dau. Squire Palmer. Charlotte M., Sept. 12, 1842; m. 1864, 

Samuel Ross, Oct. 19, 1835; d. Mar. 8, Alpheus A. Cooley. 


13, Albert S., s. of Erastus (5), b. 1806; farmer at Mill River; 
deacon; d. May 5, 1873. He m. Julia A., dau. Thomas Arms. 

Ch.: Amanda A., Sept. 12, 1846; m. Nov. 24, 1874, Geo. C. Belding. 

14, Edwin H., s. of Calvin (9), b. 1823; Great River. He m. 
June 27, 1854, Merancy, dau. John Severance of Willoughby, O. ; 
she d. May 11, i860; (2) Oct. 20, 1865, Laura, dau. David and Sub- 
njit (Hanson) Farnsworth. 

Ch.: Irvin H., Oct. 12, 1855; m. Apr. Herbert L., Sept. 15, 1867. 

15, 1882, Mary E. Daniels. Son, Aug. 19, 1S69; d. same day. 
Allen G., Apr. 20, 1857; m. Feb. 8, 1881, Earnest E., Nov. 3, 1870. 

Delia S. Rrazee. Helen M., Dec. 15, 1872. 

George E., May 6, i860; d. July 20,1860. Isanella M., Mar. 11, 1874. 
Walter, Feb. 12, 1866. Howard S., May 12, 1876. 

15. Thomas Gerry, s. of Calvin (9), b. 1825; living at Turnip 
Yard. He m. Jan. 21, 1852, Hannah, dau. Henry Ball; she d. July 
5, 1867; (2) Feb. 14, 1868, Ruth L., dau. Sylvester Richmond, b. at 
Dfd., Nov. 24, 1830. 

Ch.: Ida L., Aug. 2, 1854; m. Sept. 22, William Henry, Apr. 9, 1865. 

1880, Geo. V. Briggs. Hannah Fidelia, June 20, 1S67. 

Wyman Smith, Oct. 30, 1862. Ethel May, Feb. 4, 1871. 
Sarah Jane, Nov. 27, 1863. 

CLARK, John, b. in Andover, abt. 1738; rem. to Dfd. fr. Marlboro, 
Vt.; served under (ren. Winslow, 1756; in Col. Frey's regt. under 
Gen. Welb, 1757, but was absent fr. Fort \Vm. Henry and so escaped 
captivity; was in Col. William Willi-ams's regt., 1758, under Gen. Ab- 
ercrombie on the Mohawk 1759, and served until the conquest of 
Canada; enlisted in Rev. army, 1775; was commissioned lieut. July i, 
1775, i'"' the company of Capt. Harvey, 6th regt. Mass. Line, Col. 
Jirewer; was in the expedition to Quebec under Arnold, was taken 
prisoner Jan., 1776, but soon exchanged; served in the campaign in 
which Burgoyne was captured; d. at the house of Wid. Mahala Boy- 
den, Feb. 19, 1829; his commission, signed July i, 1775, by John 
Hancock, President of Congress, is in Memorial Hall. 

CLARK, John, wife Catherine . 

Ch.: Matthew, }uly 11, 1742, posthumous. 


CLARK, JuSEi'H, pub. Dec. 3, 1797, to Nabby Booth of Con. 

CLARK, Nathaniki., Dfd., 1781. Hem. Feb. 13, 17.S1, Diana 
Washburne of Dfd. 

1, CLARK, WiM.iAM, Lieut., uf Dorchester, 1636; rem. to Nhn. 
1659; of Dfd. 1673; his house K)t is not li.\ed, but in 1683, at the 
permanent settlement he bought No. ^S; he rem. to Nhn., where he 

d. July 19, 1690, a. 81. He m. Sarah , who d. Sept. 6, 1675; (2) 

Nov. 5, 1676, Sarah, wid. of that Lieut. Thomas Cooper, who had 
been k. at Spfd. by Lulians in 1675; she d. May 8, 1688. 

C/i.:-\: Sarah, June 21, 163S; d. young. John. 1651 (2). 

Jonathan, Oct. i, 1639. Samuel, bap. Oct. 23, 1653; ni. Eliza- 
Nathaniel, Jan. 27, 1642. beth Edwards: he d. Aug. 5, 1729. 
Experience, Mar. 30, 1643, William, July 3, 165G; m. Hannah 
Increase, Mar. i, 1646; d. 1662. Strung. 

Rebecca, 1C4S; m. Dec. 9, 1669, Israel Sarah, Mar., 1659; m. Dec. 23, 1675, 

Rust. John Parsons; d. 1728. 

2, John, s. of William (1), b. 1651; Nhn.; dea.; rep. 4 yrs.; d. 
Sept. 3, 1704. He m. July 12, 1677, Rebecca, prob. dau. Lieut. 
Thos. Cooper of Spfd.; shed. 1678; (2) Mar. 16, 1679, I\kiry, dau. 
Elder John Strong. 

(7i.: Sarah, Apr. 20, 1678. Mary, Oct. 27, 1685; m. Jan. 5, 1707. 

lohn, Oct. 28, 1679; m. Oct. 31, 1740, Benj. Edwards of Nhn. 

Elizabeth Cook; d. Aug. 3, 1768. Rebecca. Nov. 22. 1687; m. J Line 1,1710. 

Nathaniel, May 13, 1681; m. Oct. 26, John Haker. 

1705, Hannah, dau. John Sheldon, E.xperience, Oct. 30, i68ij; m. June i, 

wid. of Joseph Catlin, who was k. on 1710, Daniel Nash. 

the meadows, 1704; both had been Abigail, Mar., 1&92; m. Nov. 21. 1712. 

defenders of the Benoni Stebbins Noah Cook. 

house before she was widowed; he d. Noah, Mar. 28, 1694; m. Eunice, dau. 

Nov. 23, 1767. John Dickinson of Ilai. 

Ebenezer, Oct. 18, 1682(3). Thankful, Feb. 13, 1696. 

Increase, Apr. 8, i6S4;m. Feb. 29, 1709- Josiah, June 11, 1697; m. Tluuiktul. 

10, Mary, dau. Isaac Sheldon of dau. Isaac Sheldon; d. Apr. 7, 1789. 

Nhn.;he d. Aug. 27, 1775. 

3, Ebenezer, s. of John (2), b. 1682; d. Feb. 17, 1781. He m. 
Dec. ID, 1712, Abigail, dau. of that Joseph Parsons who built the 
first corn mill here. 

C/i.:} Ebenezer, Aug. 16. 1714. Israel, Mar. 15, 1729. 

Ezra, Apr. 4, 1716. Elihu, Sept. 29, 1731. 

William, Jan. 3, 1721; m. Sarah King. Dau., who m. Moses Montague. 
Jedediah, Mar. 25, 172G (4). 

4, Jedediah, s. of Ebenezer (3), b. 1726; d. Aug. 9, 1800; sett, 
in Sund. abt. 1756; deacon. He m. Sarah, dau. Daniel Russell of 
Sund.; she d. Jan. 20, 1772, a. 42; (2) July 13, 1774, Ruth, dau. Elea- 
zer Hawks; she d. Aug. 19, 181 i, a. 79. 

C/i.:\ Lucy, Oct. 24, 1750. rem. fr. Dfd. abt. 1794: living in 

Tedediah, June 24, 1753 (5). Winchester, Conn., 1822. 

Lemuel, Mar. 21, 1755; Rev. sol., 1777; Justus, Aug. 10, 1757. 

m. Oct. 14. 1779, Keziah Hubbard; Silvanus, May 19, 1760; m. Mary 


Graves. Esther, Apr. 4, 1769; m. (pub. July 31, 

Sarah, Feb. ig, 1763; m. Sept. 23, 17S1, 1790) Elijah Rowe. 

David Montague. Lucius. 

Thomas, Mar. 7, 1766; m. Pamelia AbigaiI,Jan. 2,1776; m.yuartus Smith. 


5, Jedediah, s. of Jedediah (4), b. 1753; Sund.; aft. 1791 sett, in 
Dfd. at Pine Nook; d. Feb. 20, 1840. He m. June 15, 1779, Lucy, 
dau. Isaac Parsons of Southampton; she d. Feb. 3, 181 1, a. 57; (2) 
(pub. Dec. 26, 18 1 2) wid. Elizabeth Cushman of Williamsburg; she d. 
Mar. 6, 1825, a. 69. 

C/i.:\ Electa, June 4, 1780; m. (pub. Seymore (?) of Hati. 

Oct. 20,1798) Benj. Rust of Partridge- Lucretia, 1786; m. Apr., 1813, Elihu 

field. Clary. 

Lucy, bap. May 16, 1783; d. Apr. 6, Rufus, bap. July 29, 17S7 (6) 

1843. Elijah, bap. Mar. 6, 1791; d. Jan. 6, 

Sarah, ; m. Dec. 7, 1S20; Samuel 1816. 

6, RuFUS, s. of Jedediah (5), b. 1787; Pine Nook; d. Nov. 6, 
1848. He m. (pub. Jan. 21, 1815) Aseneth, dau. Eleazer Sheldon of 
New Marlboro; she d. 1881, a. 85 yrs., 4 mos., 19 days. 

Ch.: Caroline, Sept. 10, iSiq; m. Feb. Tryphosa Butler, Apr. 24, 1825; m. Sept. 

27, 1S42, Norman M. Smith. 19, 184S, Chas. B. Anderson. 

Elijah Sheldon, Apr. 12, 1822; d. Dec. Joseph Sheldon, Sept. 19, 1828; m. Ar- 

3, 1822. villa E. Bailey; lived on old home- 
Son, Apr. 28, 1824; d. next day. stead. 

CLARRICK, William, taken in the French war-ship I^e Vig- 
lante, captured off Louisburg during the siege of that place in 1745; 
was landed in Boston and sent to Dfd. by order of the governor. 
He lived in the family of Rev. Ebenezer Hinsdale, who some 
years aft., took him to Boston to join some returning French pris- 
oners, but being too late he was brought back. After the death of 
Hinsdale he followed the fortunes of his widow in her two subse- 
quent marriages, and she left him a legacy of ^50 at her death in 
1787; after this was exhausted he was supported by the state. Clar- 
rick's story was that being left an orphan and heir to a large prop- 
erty in Bordeaux, France, his uncle and guardian, the next heir, sent 
him off to sea as a cabin boy when 10 yrs. old, and that he never 
saw home again; he d. Dec. 24, 180S, a. 75. 

1, CI^ARY, Joseph, s. of Joseph and Sarah (Gunn) and grand- 
son of Joseph of Nfd., b. Jan. 21, 1737-8; sett, in Leverett, where 

he d. Aug. 22, 1780. He m. Sarah Ward; she m. (2) IJall; she 

was b. Aug. 28, 1738, and d. in Dfd. Sept. i, 1816. 

Ck.:\ Isaac, Nov. 30, 1760; sett, at Salmon, Apr. 15, 176S. 

White Creek, N. Y.; d. at Ridgefield, Elihu, Oct. 7, 1770(3). 

O., Aug. II, 1821. Electa, Aug. 13, 1773; d. Mar. (), 1776. 

Abel, Apr. 19, 1763. Resign, Mar. 7, 1776. 

Elijah, Dec. 28, 1765 (2). Joseph, Nov. 16, 1778; d. Sept. 12, 1780, 

2. Elijah, s. of Joseph (i), b. 1765; Pine Nook; Sept. 7, 1807, 
he left Dfd. with all his family for Ohio, then the "Far West;" d. 


Sept. 17, 1817 (?). He 111. Saruh Smith of Leverett; she d. June, 

181 1, a. 46. 

Ch.:] Sarah, — ; m. May 27,1813, Eben- Pamelia, Aug. 22, 1797; m. (pul). Sept. 

ezer Clapp. 14, 1822) Zenas Clapp. 

Elisha, — ; tn.Oci. 9,1814, Polly Brooks Cordelia M., May 25, 1801 ; d. Sept. 27, 

of Mt)nt. 1802. 

Lucylvi;i. ; d. Dec. 29, 1795. Lyman, Feb. 1 1, 1803; in. ^Lly 30, 1830, 

Pearley, Mar. 4, 1796; m. Fel). 8, 1820, Fanny, dau. Orlando Ware; Dr. ;rein. 

George Douglass of Elyria, Ohio. to Syracuse, N. Y. 

he d. Nov. 5, 1829; she m. (2) May Maria, Sept. 9, 1805. 

25, 1S31, Dr. Moses C. Saunders. Lucylvia, Aug. 12, 1808. 

3, Elihu, s. of Joseph (1), b. 1770; Pine Nook; d. Sept. 12, 
1848; 111. Aug. 5, 1797, Lucretia, dau. Rufus Smith; she d. Apr. 23, 

1812, a. 34; (2) Apr. 14, 1813, Lueretia, dau. Jedediah Clark; she d. 
Aug. 24, 1828, a. 42; (3) Aug. 26, 1829, Esther, dau. Eliakiiii Anns, 
vvid. of Samuel Wells; she d. June 22, 1853, a. 81. 

Ch.:\ ApoUos, June 27, 1798(4). 1847) Lucylvia, dau. Henry Taylor 

Joseph, Sept. 21, 1800; d. Aug. 24, 1844. of Mont. 

Almira, Apr. 26, 1805; d. Nov. 19, 1837. Elihu Clary, 2d, pub. Sept. 17, 18x4, 

Cephas, Feb. 7, 1812(5). to ParicyHr()oks,"b(itti of this town," 

Isaac, Dec. 10, 1814; d. Feb. 25, 1815. may have been of this family. 
Elijah W., June 7,1821 ; m. (pub. Jan. 1 1, 

4, Apollos, s. of Elihu (3), 1). 1798; lived at Pine Nook, Street 
and Bars; d. Dec. 11, 1877. He m. Nov. 18, 1829, Alma, dau. John 

Ch.: Mary Amsden, Sept. 12, 1830; m. Helen M., dau. Adna H. Childs 

Feb. 27, 1854, Hollis C. Graves. Martha A., Sept. 13, 1835; m. Oct. ,1862, 

Helen M., Dec. 21, 1831; m. Dec. 24, \Vm. Turner of Nhn. 

1850, Chauncey B. Tilton. Harriet C, Nov. 26, 1842; m. Dr. John 

John E., Aug. 26, 1833; m. Sept. 3,1856, Watkins of St. Louis. 

5, Cephas, s. of Elihu (3), b. 1812; capt.; sett, at Pine Nook; 
Dea. He m. 1842, Rebecca, dau. Rufus Gunn; she d. Oct. 3, 1845, 
a. 29; (2) Oct 14, 1846, Corinthia E. Sheldon of Marlboro, b. June 
30, 1818. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, Apr. 15, 1843. 27, 1S68. 

Sarah Sheldon, Sept. 3, 1847; m. Oct. Ella Almira, Feb. 19, 1855; d. Feb. 8, 

22, 1868, Edward P. Clapp. 1856. 

Mary Lyman, Oct. 3, 1S5-; d. June 18, Elihu Theodore, Mar. 29, 1857, d. Oct. 

1852. 3. 1859. 
Martha Lyman, Dec. 21, 1852; d. Feb. 

1, CLESSON, Matthew, from Ireland; sett, at Nhn.; took (Kith 
of allegiance Feb. 8, 1678; was freeman 1690; made a will 17 13, which 
was proved Nov. 7, 1716. He m. Dec. 22, 1670, Mary, dau. Nath'l 
Phelps; she d. Apr. 15, 1687; (2) Nov. 21, 1701, Susanna Hedge. 

Ch.: Mary, Aug. 13, 1672; d. Dec. 11, Joseph, .Vpr. 23, 1675; d. bcf. 1683. 

1672. Elizabeth, .Aug. ,1677; m. Nov. 30. 1698, 

Thankful, Sept. 19, 1673; m. Oct. 28, John Hannum. 

1695, Sam'l Davis; another entry Mary, Nov. 20, 1679; m. Bcnj. I^artlett. 

makes Davis m. atsame date Thank- William, Jan. 3, t68o-i; d. bef. 1709. 

ful Mason;in eilhereventourThank- Matthew, Dec. 31, 1681; mortally 

ful was named Davis in 1709. wounded at Dfd. by Indians, June 


23, 1709, and d. June 27; he was en- the Probate Judge. 

gaged to be m. to Sarah Mattoon, Joseph, abt. 1683 (2). 

and she shared his estate with his John, Apr. i, 1685; d. bef. 1709. 

brothers and sisters by direction of Samuel, Apr.. 1687 (3). 

2, Joseph, s. of Matthew (i), b. abt. 1683; sol. in King William's 
war; at the age of 15 was in the "Pomeroy pursuit " fr. the Dfd. gar- 
rison; a resident of Dfd. 1705-9; of Nhn. 1712-24; cap. and taken to 
Can. while on a scout, by a party of French and Indians under de 
Rouville, June 22, 1709; was active in Father Rasle's war; lieut., 
under Capt. Thos. Wells; a capt. in the Last French war and d. in 
the service, June 4, 1753; was buried in the camp burial grtjund near 
Fort William Henry. He m. Hannah, dau. VVm. Arms; she d. Dec. 
24, 1767, a. 82. 

Ch.: Hannah, July 5, 1705; m. Apr. Eunice, Apr. 24, I7i6ym. Oct. 23, 1769, 

4, 1727, Joseph Allen. John Munn of Gill; his 2d wife. 

Mary, Aug. 5, 1707; m'. Oct. 31, 1732, Joseph, Apr. i, 1720; d. Apr. 18,1720. 

Joseph Severance. Martha, June 9, 1723. 

Elizabeth, Oct. 23, 1709; m. July 16, Joseph, Jan. 9, 1724-5; d. Feb. 3,1724-5. 

1747, James Corse, the noted fron- Joanna, Feb. 3, 1726-7; d. Oct. 25, 1732. 

tiersman. Prob. Sarah, who m. Dec. 5, 1740, 
Matthew, Aug. 7, 1713 (4). Samuel Shattuck. 

3, Samuel, s. of Matthew (i), b. 1687; d. abt. 1757. Hem. May 
24, 1716, Abigail Bushrod. 

Ch.:\ Abigail, Mar. 4, I7i6-i7;d. bef. 37, Nathaniel Day. 

1757. Samuel, May 5, 1723; d. Sept. 9, 1740. 

Thankful, July 4, 1718; m. Jan. 2, 1736- 

4, Matthew, s. of Joseph (2), b. 1713; lived on No. 38; was 
prominent in civil and military affairs; was in the frontier service, 
under Capt. Kellogg at the age of 19; was one of the party under 
Sergt. John Hawks which escorted home the French Lieut. Pierre 
Raimbault St. Blein in 1746. [See ante, p. 556] The next year he 
led a scout towards Can.; in 1755 was lieut. in command of the forts 
at Col., and d. on the expedition to Lake George, Oct. 24, 1756. He 
m. Oct. 18, 1743, Abigail, dau. Jona. Hoyt; she m. (2) 1761, John 

Ch.: Samuel, Aug. 11, 1744; d. July 15, 1813. 

23, 1746. Samuel, Oct. 23, 1751; d. Oct. 11, 1769. 

Joanna, May 3, 1746; d. Sept. 17, 1756. Abigail, Jan. 18, 1754; d. Jan. 29, 1754. 

Matthew, Aug. 11, 1748; d. s. p. Feb. ^ Joseph, May 2, 1756 (5). 

5, Joseph, s. of Matthew (4), b. 1756; lived on his father's lot; 
d. 18 16. He m. Jan. 8, 1783, Abigail Seekins; she m. (2) Capt. Eb- 
enezer Allis of Shel., where she d. Sept. 22, 1838. 

Ch.: Samuel, Jan. 15, 1784; a doct. in Abigail, June 27, 1785; m. Oct. 24,1811, 
New Salem 1816-18; in Can. 1822; d. David Sheldon. 

s. p. Joseph, Aug. I, 1 791 (6). 

6, Joseph, s. of Joseph (5), b. 1791; rem. to Shel. abt. 1818; ret. 
abt. 1825, and kept the ferry at Creat I'liver many yrs. ; abt. 1835 
rem. to 111. He m. Nov. 10, 1814, Mehitable, dau. Joseph Stebbins. 


Ch.: Samuel A., Aiis- 26, 1S15. Jarvis S., Dec. 19, 1820. 

Joseph, Sept. 7, 1816. Albert, Mar. 8, 1822. 

Mehitable S..Oct. 17, 1817; m. Feb. 22, Frederick, Mar. 9, 1S24. 

1S44, John Field. Derick, Nov. 4, 1827. 

Matthew, Feb. i, 1819. Caroline, Jan. 9, 1832. 

COATS, Charles, fr. Nhn. 1741; sol. in both French wars; rem. 
to Bar. He ni. Thankful . 

Ch.: Miriam, Feb. 14, 1749. Esther, Mar. 26, 1753. 

Charles, Apr. 20, 1751. Simeon, bap. Feb. 11, 1759; Dfd. 17SS. 

COBB, Benjamin, of Barre 1801, Hardwick, Dfd. aht. iSo.S;(l. Mar. 
30, 1842, a. 64. He in. Sarah (r — ; she d. May 11, 1S54, a. 75. 

Ch.: Lucius, June 29, iSoi, at Harre. was burnt Apr., 18S7. 

Lucinda, Sept. 5, 1803. at Hardwick. Nathan, Apr. 14, 1S12. 

Salome, Mar. 25, 1805. at Hardwick; Anson, Feb. 8, 1S14: M. D. ; sett, in 

d. Sept. 13, 1809. Mont. 

Benjamin, July 25, 180S. Salome, Mar. 16, 1816; m. Mar. 11,1845, 
Alfred. Apr. 24, iSio; d. Oct. 4, 1885; John G. Smith of Worcester. 

m. Oct. 26, 1852, Hannah G. Hub- Sa'rah. Feb. 15, 181S. 

bard; the house he l)uilt and lived in Jonathan Fletcher, Inn. 24, 1821. 

COBB, Daniel, b. in Hardwick 1782; d. May 22, 1856. 

COBB, David, 17S3-90. 

COBB, 1m>isiia, 1766-85, with wife ami child. 

COBB, Jaiikz, 1771; taxed on real estate, 1789. 

COliB, Jonathan; d. June 28, 1837, a. 76. He m. Hannah ; 

she d. Feb. 20, 1856, a. 92. 

COBB, Joseph, Dfd. 1817; wife Pegsy . 

Ch.:\ Gratia, May 6, iSoo. 

COBB, Nathan, 1789; taxed on real estate 1789-90. 

COBB, Perez, taxed on real estate 1789-90. 

COBB. SvLVANUS, taxed 1771; Rev. sol.; rem. to Con.; thence to 
Cazenovia, N. V., where he d. ImI)., 1813. He m. Elizabeth, dan. 
Neverson Warren of Dfd. 

Ch.: Daniel, Oct. 7, 1772. Abner Warren, May 10, 1781. 

Elizabeth, Sept. 27, 1774. John Merrie, Nov. 16, 1782. 

Sabra, Sept. 7, 1775. Lemuel, Mar. 16, 1786. 

Lydia, Nov. 16, 1776. Priscilla. Nov. 13, 1788. 

Sylvanus, Sept. 13, 1779. Elisha, Oct. 7, 1789. 

COCHRAN, John, of Dfd. 1749-50- 
COFl-'RIN, John, 1747, with ch. John and Jane. 


COLE, Jenny; negro servant of Rev. Jona. Ashley; she fell down 
the cellar stairs at the house of Col. T. W. Dickinson and broke her 
neck, Sept. i, 1808. 

Ch.: Cato, bap. Aug. 19, 1739; ii may black face with the white wool above 

be of interest to note that in Cato it as he sat upon a bench singing 

wasseen the last relicof chattel Slav- "Capt. Kid," his favorite place and 

eryin Dfd.; he was b. and baptizcdxn his favorite amusement in the last 

slavery, and, although not held legal- yrs. of his life; he kept time by drum - 

ly as a slave after the adoption of the mingon his seat with his finger nails, 

constitution, he remained a servant which protruded long and thick, and 

in the Ashley family until his death, sounded like so many tack ham- 

Nov. 12, 1825. The writer, then a boy mers. 

of six yrs., clearly recalls his kindly * 

COLFAX, Phineas, 1744; sol. in Old French war. 
COLLINS, Jabez, 1762-8. 

COLTON, Elihu, 1782. 

COLTON, Hanan, 1784. 

COLTRAIN, Elisha, taxed 1789. 

CONGDON, Jarius, 1787. 

CONGUON, John, 1788-9. 
Ch.: John, Benoni, Abel, Cromwell, Eunice, Sophia, Lima. 

CONN ABLE, Samuel, 1743-4; rem. to Ben; prob. ancestor of the 
Connable tribe of that vicinity; d. Dec. 3, 1796, a. 97. He m. Mary 

Ch.:\ Mary, May. 1781, at Sund. 

COOK, George, with wife and ch.; fr. Mont. 1784. 

COOK, Joseph, 1792; fr. Charlestown 1763; d. bef. 1799. He m. 

Susanna , whose first husband was John Cook; she was burned to 

death Nov., 1799, with the house of Asa Stebbins. 

COOLEY, Arner, came fr. Leverett abt. 1780; sett, at Bloody 
Brook; selectman three yrs.; d. Oct. 19, 1824, a. 76. He m. June 18, 
1 77 1, Martha, dau. Jona. Russell of Sund.; she d. Sept. 18, 1832, a. 

Ch.: Stephen, Dec. 20, 1771; d. Sept. Russell, July 11, 1780; m. Jan. 11, 1808, 

13. 177^- Betsey, dau. Simeon Cooley; she d. 

Zenas, Dec. 20, 1773; d. 1777. Apr. 8, 1829, a. 41. 

Sophia, May 21, 1776; m. Dec. 3, iSoi, Patty, May 3, 1782; m. May 30, 1S05, 

William Sheldon; (2) Jan. 24, 1810, Elihu Barnard. 

Elijah Arms; (3) Feb. 26, 1823, Capt. Dau., Oct. 7, 1784; d. ne.xt day. 

Eliakim Arms. Electa, Sept. 27, 1791; m. (pub. Apr. 

Phila, Sept. 23,1778; m. Elisha Alex- 22, 1818) Lyman Granger of N. Y. 

ander of Sund.; his 2d wife. 


1, COOLEY, AzARiAii, b. Mar. 7, 1731; his ancestry is not estab- 
lished, but there is little doubt he was in the line of Azariah, b. 1704 
— Daniel, 1682 — Daniel, 1651 — Benjamin, the emigrant, ot Long- 
meadow; he sett, at Bloody llrook; d. Feb. 28, 1778. He m. Apr. 
19, 1756, Eleanor Warriner; she m. (2) Dec., 1778, Samuel Barnard; 
(3) Dec. 20, 1789, Nathan Frary; she d. Dec. 7, 1819, a. 80. 

Ch.: Eleanor, Sept. 4, 1757; m. Heze- Solomon Anderson. 

kiah Fisk. Hepsebah, Feb. 9, 1769; d. Nov., 1781. 

Azariah, Jan. 26, 1760 (2). Square, Nov. 25, 1771 (4). 

Eunice, May 23, 1762; in, Dec. 7, 1780, Amanda, 1774; d. Dec, 1792. 

Carmi Wright. Fanny, Aug, 16, 1777; m. S. B. John- 
Eli, May I, 1764 (3). • son of Albany. 
Esther H., Dec. 10, 1766 (?); m. 1786, 

2, Azariah, s. of Azariah (i), b. 1760 in Brimfield; Rev. sol.; 3 
yrs, in the Mass. Line, regt. oi Col. Thos. Nixon; served in the Bur- 
goyne campaign; was at the battle of Bemis Heights and in several 
smaller affairs; sett, at BU)ody Brook abt, 1780; d. at Washington, 
D. C, Mar. 9, 1829. He m. Sept. 6, 1781, Mercy, dau, Samuel Bel- 
ding; she d. July 27, 1831, a. 71. 

Ch.: Aaron, Feb. 2G, 1782; m. Harriet Caroline, Sept, 27, 1793; d, June 26, 

Povvnell. 1832. 

Chailotte, Nov. 19,1783; d. May 1,1796. Son, Apr. 19, 1795; d, Apr. 22, 1795. 

Levi, Feb. 3, 1785; m. Elizabeth Bates. Son and dau.. Mar, 22, 1796; d, same 

Daniel, June 1 1, 1786; disappeared abt. day. 

1811. Son, Apr. 21, 1797; d. next day. 

Mercy, Oct. 7, 1787; m, 1S12, Judah Azariah, Nov. 16, 1798. 

Maynard. Charlotte, May 5, 1800; m, Sept. 25, 

Elizabeth, Feb, 7, 1789; m. Feb. 25, 1825, Charles Lewis. 

1808, Ephraim Sprague of Bloody David, Sept. 27, 1802; m. Jan. 28, 1825, 

Brook. Jeanette E. Severance, 

Mary, June 14, 1790; m. (pub, Nov. 4, Edward, Jan. 5, 1804; d. Feb, 7, 1827. 

1809) Michael Collins of Con. Sophia, July 22, 1805; m. (pub. Feb. 

Amanda, Jan. 29, 1792; m. Perl Cut- 19, 1831) Israel Boyden. 


3. Eli, s. of Azariah (i), b. 1764; Bloody Brook; selectman; d. 
13ec. 29, 1843. Hem. May 15, 1788, Chloe, dau. Caleb Allen; she 
d. May 26, 1845, a. 76. 

Ch.: Dennis, Feb. 18, r789 (5). i8oi;grad. Union C. 1827; studied 

Phila, Jan. 31, 1790; m. May 28, 1812, theology at N.H.; licensed to preach; 

Zebediah Graves. was a "Taylorite" and was not or- 

Rhue, Nov. 4, 1791; d. July 9, 1793. dained, aft. 2 yrs, became a teacher 

Emily, July 23, 1793; m. 1835, Zebediah at the West; d. abt. 1855. 

Graves. Almond. Mar. 27, 1803; d. Sept. 16, 

Hollis, July 25, 1794 (6). 1804, 

Eli, Jan. 11, 1796; d. July 15, 1797. Sedgwick, Aug. 8, 1804(g). 

Rhue, June 8, 1797; m, (pub, Jan. 22, Son, b. and d. Apr. i, 1806, 

1824) Ebenezer Morton of Con. Chloe, July 31, 1808; m. May 9, 1833, 

Eli, Oct. 26, 1798 (7). Alvin Lawrence, 

Caleb A., Mar. 28, 1800(8). Almond, Feb. 7, 1810; known as Al- 

Orrin, (recorded Oraendo) Aug. 18, merin (10). 

4. Square, s. of Azariah (i), b. 1771; rem. to New Salem. He 
m. Feb. 3, 1798, Avice Morse, b. July 16, 1772. 

Ch.: Almira, July 16, 1798; d. Feb. 22, Almira, Dec. 22, 1799. 
1799. Theodore, Sept. 19, 1800. 



Merric B. Feb. 22, 1803; m. Jan. 2, — 

Elizabeth Little. 
Mary, Sept. 16, 1804. 
Proctor, Sept. 28, 1806. 
Avice, Mar. 29, 1808. 

Fanny, Mar. 23, 1810. 
Squire, 1812; d. 1813. 
Eleanor, Sept. 24, 1815. 
Squire, Dec. 9, 1818. 

5, Dennis, s. of Eli (3), b. 1789; doctor, Bloody Brook; studied 
medicine with Dr. S. W. Williams, went West abt. 1826; d. Sept. 8, 
i860. He ni. May 16, 1830, Elizabeth, dau. Solomon Anderson; she 
d. Oct. 19, 1834, a. 23; (2) May 13, 1836, Clarissa Andrews, b. July 
27, 1812. 

Ch.: Ette, Sept. 26, 1831. Emily G., Jan. 20, 1840; an adopted 

Belle, Feb. 6, 1834. niece. 

6, HoLLis, s. of Eli (3), b. 1794; clerk in store of Clark Hough- 
ton at Cheapside; was in trade in Ga.; d. at Monticello, Ga., Mar. 
26, 1858. He m. June 18, 1827, Martha Harper, b. 1800. 

Ch.: John Alexander, Apr. 26, 1828; 

went to sea and never heard fr. 
Milton Allen, Mar. 4, 1830. 

Martha Harper, July 23, 1832. 
Georgia Elizabeth, Aug. 31, 1834. 

7, Eli, s. of Eli (3), b. 1798; capt. ; kept store in Bloody Brook; 
selectman; built the house now held by A. D. Sprout; d. Sept. 12, 
i860. In the diary of Rufus Rice, 1815-40, is this entry, of which I 
find no explanation. " 1822 Nov 7, Capt Cooleys wife died." He 
m. May 4, 1826, Maria, dau. Daniel Forbes of Gfd. ; she d. June 29, 
1827, a. 22; (2) Feb. 16, 1829, Tryphena W., dau. Benj. W. Childs of 
Barre; she d. May 28, 1847, a. 43; (3) Jan. 22, 1849, Wealthy H, 
Shepherd of Chicopee. 

Ch.: Maria Forbes, Feb. 27, 1827; d. 
Sept. 10, 1827. 

Dennis, Dec. 15, 1829; m. May 11, 1S55, 
Celestina M. Hawks. 

Maria F., Sept. 4, 1832; m. Aug. 7, 
1852, Alphonso C. Graves, sol. fr. 
Gfd.; wounded at Ball's Bluff, came 
back and d. in Gfd. Dec, 1861. 

Charles, Nov. 13, 1834; lives in Sacra- 
mento, Cal. 

Tertius C, Oct. 24, 1837; m. May ig, 
1868, Mary A. Bates. 

Emily G., Ian. 20, 1840; adopted by her 
uncle, Dennis Cooley.M. D., of Mich. 

she m. Ormar D. Thompson. 
Harriet N., May g, 1843; m. Jan. 21, 

i86g, Geo. W. Clark of Easthamp- 

ton; she d. Nov. 27, 1874. 
Martha E., Nov. 30, 1849; m- Henry 

R. Sanderson of What.; she d. Feb. 

17. 1873. 
Amos Shepherd, Mar. 20, 1852; m. 

Oct. 9, 1883, Ada M. Hubbard. 
Hollis, Nov. 22, 1857; d. Oct. 10, 1859. 
Hollis Eli. (adopted) May 7, 1859; m. 

July 3, 1883, E. Lillie Wallace of 
■^ Spfd. 

8, Caleb A., s. of Eli (3), b. 1800; d. Sept. 29, 1845; Bloody Brook. 
He m. Nov. 8, 1832, Selima Riddle; she d. Mar. 2, 1837, a. 29; (2) 
Esther, dau. Rev. Theophilus Packard; she d. Mar. 15, 1858. 

Ch.:\ Eli, Dec. 24, 1833. 
Lucy S., Dec. 29, 1836. 

Alfred A., — ; m. 1864, Charlotte M., 
dau. Cephas Clapp. 

9, Sedgwick, s. of Eli (3), b. 1804; Bloody Brook. He m. May 
29, 1833, Lucretia S., dau. Thos. Longley of Hawley; d. in Cal. 


Ch.:\ Edmunds L.. May 29, 1834; m. m. May 14, 1S71, Christina S. Rud- 

— Phelps of Nfd.; went West. duck. 

George S.. Dec. 23, 1836; went loCal. Henrietta, Jan. 14, 1851. 

Mary, — ; became insane. Eva, Feb. 22. 1853; d. Mar. 14, 1853. 

Son, 1842; d. May 20, 1845, a. 3 yrs. Ella, " 
Allen W., Dec. 21, 1845; sett, in Gal.; 

10. Almond, s. of Eli (3), b. 1810; Bloody Brook. He m. Oct. 
28, 1835, Sarah Orcutt of Cumminffton ; she d. Aug., 1S63; (2) Oct. 
22, 1865, Sarah, dan. Ebenezer Clapp. 

Ch.:\ Sarah Jane. Edwin Almerin, Sept. 17,1853; m. Mar. 

Orin, — ; A. C. 1865; doctor; sett, in 18, 1871, Lizzie M. Fulton. 


1, COOLEY, Barnas, Dfd., 1769; bap. and admitted to chh. 
July 21, 1771; had brother, Aaron; rem. to Nfd., 1773. He m. July 
18, I 77 I, Hannah, dau. Samuel Shattuck; she d. Sept. 30, 1776, a. 30. 

Ch.:\ Benjamin, bap. Aug. 10,1773(2). Tirza, bap. Jan. 7, 1776. 

2, Benjamin, s. of Barnas (i), b. 1772; rem. to Brown Hill, O., 
1836; d. June 30, 1836. He m. Oct. 13, 1799, Elizabeth, dau. Noa- 
diah Lewis; she d. Sept. 18, 1812; (2) Mar., 1813, Rachel Hastings 
of Amh.; she d. 1864, a. 87. 

Ch.:\ Frederick. Nov. 12, iSoo; d. Frederick, Apr. 13, 1808. 

young. Moses Hastings, Mar. 19. 1814. 

Benjamin Lewis. Feb. 19, 1804. Eli Parker. July 31, 1815. 

Betsey Shattuck, d. Feli. Lucy, May 16, 1817; m. S. G. Morse of 

28, 1827. Oberlin, Ohio. 

James, Jan. 5. 1807; d. young. Fanny, Aug. 2g, iS2o;d. Mar. 26, 1822. 

COOLEY, Daniel, Dfd., 1772. 

1, COOLEY, Martin, s. of Simon of Sund.; b. abt. 1750; Rev. 
sol.; sett, at Wapping; d. Mar. 15, 1797. He m. Oct. 9, 1777, Irena, 
dau. Caleb Montague; she d. July 24, 1784, a. 25; (2) Dec. 15, 1784, 
Rebecca, wid. of Lemuel Childs, dau. Alexander Smith of Amh.; 
she d. Aug. 29, 1809, a. 55. 

Ch.: Lucy Jay, May 21, 1779. Lemuel, Mar. 6, 1788 (2). 

Isaac, Sept. 7, 1781'; d. Feb. 8, 1784. Dennis, Aug. 4, 17S9 (3). 

Rufus Montague, June 29, 1784; m. Fanny, May 2, 1791; d. Jan. 29, 1792. 

Betsey ; ran away, 1813, leaving Pamelia, Oct. 22, 1792. 

her with three small ch. in Sund. Dency, Aug. 10, 1794. 
Irena, Dec. 3, 1786. 

2, Lemuel, s. of Martin (i), b. 1788. He m. Feb. 21, 1811, 
Esther, dau. Seth Frary and sett, in Whately. 

C//..- Leander, Nov. 12, 1811; m. Louisa Louisa, Dec. 5, 1818; m. Sam'l D. 

Beebee. Bartlett. 

Lysander, Sept. 10, 1813; m. Sept. 10, Clarissa, Mar. i, 1821; m. Daniel A. 

1837, Rhoda Dennis of Woodstock, Vining. 

Vt. Eleazer F., June 5, 1823; m. Dec. i, 

Dennis, Oct. 12, 1815; prob. m. June 1S45, Harriet P. Anderson. 

5. 1844, Minerva Moore of Col. 


3, Dennis, s. of Martin (i), b. 1789; sett, in Whately; d. Oct. 19, 
1847. He m. Aug. 2, 1814, Phila, dau. Justin Morton of What. 

Ch.:\ Justin Morton, May 12, 1815; he hotel at Spfd.; he m. Anna B., dau. 

was owner of the famous Cooley Calvin Marsh of Hat. 

COOLEY, Oliver, trader and innholder; he was fr. Ber., 1806, 
when he bought the old tavern lot No. 29; was storekeeper on 
the south part of the same in a shop in front of the Salah Bar- 
nard tavern; it is now (1889) a lean-to in the rear. He m. (pub. 
May, 1794) Jemima, dau. Eleazer Wells; she d. June 5, 1820, a. 44; 
(2) (pub. Apr. 25, 1823) Hannah, dau. Eliakim Field, wid. of Sam'l 
Grimes of What. 

Ch.:] Harriet, — ; m. May 24, 1814, Cyrus W. Clark of Turner, Me. 

Jackson Dickinson; (2) Feb. 26, 1829, Lucinda, abt. 1799; ^^- Sept. 5, 1825, 
Judge Frederick Allen of Boston. George Dickinson. 

Rodney. George, July 28, 1810; lawyer in Me. 

Charlotte Augusta, — ; m. June 5,1828, Mary, June 6, 1818. 

COOLIDGE. Isaac, ta.\ed 1786. 

COOMBS, John; sol. fr. Ufd. in Father Rasle's war. 

COREY, Elisha, taxed 1771. 

CORLISS, Jesse, Dfd., 1773; one of her minute men who marched 
to Cambridge under Capt. Locke on the Lexington alarm; enlisted 
under Capt. Hugh Maxwell and was k. at Bunker Hill. 

]_, CORSE, James, of unk. antecedents; the first of his name so 
far as known and ancestor of all the tribe in New England; he ap- 
pears here abt. 1690 and d. May 15, 1696; estate valued at ^^79, 
I4J-, 6d. He m. abt. 1690, Elizabeth, dau. John Catlin; she was cap. 
1704 and k. on the march to Canada. 

C/i.: Ebenezer, Apr. 7, 1692(2). Elizabeth, Feb. 4, 1696; cap. 1704; alive 

James, Mar. 20, 1694 (3). in Canada 1716; never ret. 

2, Ebenezer, s. of James (i), b. 1692; was of Nhn. 1717; first 
sett, at Southampton, where he had a house, May 25, 1730; d. May 
14, 1776; m. Nov. 2, 1715, Sarah French of Nhn.; she d. June 11, 
176S, a. 74. 

C/i.:\ Lemuel, — ; d. Mar. 13, 1734. Elizabeth? 

Ebenezer, — ; d. July 24, 1746. Reuben, — ; m. Sarah . 

Bunoni, — ; d. Sept. 9, 1748. 

3, James, s. of James (i), b. 1694; a noted hunter and scout; 
was of AVallingford, Ct., 1717; Dfd.^ 1719; served through Father 
Rasle's war under Capt. Joseph Kellogg and also through the 
French and Indian wars, 1743-63. In 1730, with a passport from 
Ciov. Dummer he made a journey to Canada in search of his sister, 
via Fort Dummer, Otter Creek and Lake Champlain; see his Jour- 
nal, ante, p. 518; he died Sept. 20, 1783. He m. Aug. 17, 1721, Thank- 


ful, dau. Beiij. Munn; she d. June 22, 1746, a. 42; (2) July 16, 1747, 
Elizabeth, dau. Joseph Clesson; she d. July 4, 1773, a. 63. 

Ch.:\ Thankful, May 9, 1722; m. May July 6, 1757, and June 22. 1758, . 

g, 1744, Gershom Hawks. Sarah, May 21, 1735; m. (pub. Mar. g. 
Gad, Sept. 11 or 13, 1723 (4). I753), Oliver Atherlon. 

Elizabeth, Aug. 24, 1725; m. June 24, Asher, Sept. 10, 1737 (5). 

1751, Aaron Scott. • Dan, Dec. 10, 1739 C^)- 

Mary, Aug. 2, 1727; m. Feb. 8, 1753, Rebecca, Nov. 28, 1742. 

Thomas Train of Fort Massachu- John, May 31, 1746; d. June 6, 1746. 

setts. Joseph, Aug. 22, 1748; d. Sept. 11, 174S. 

Hannah, — ; m. Apr. 11, 1760, Eleazer Joanna, Mar. 25, 1750, d. num. Feb. 

Wells. " 18, 17S1. 
Abigail, Julyg, 1732-3; she m. between 

4, Gad, s. of James (3), b. 1723; a tanner, sol. in l""rench wars, 
was nuuh employed in transporting military stores, drivinji^ cat- 
tle to the frontier armies and riding post for the commantlers; rem. 
to Nfd. abt. 1774 and prol). later to Wilmington, Vt.; d. July 31, 
1788. He m. Dec., 1747, Mary, dau. Azariah Wright of Nfd. 

Ch.: Thankful, Nov. 27, 1747; d. unm. Lucy, July 6, 1758; d. July 21, 1758. 

in York State. Azariah, Aug. 21, i75g; m. Feb. 25, 

Gad, Mar. 31, 1750(7). I7>}3, Aseneth, dau. Seth Denio. 

Cynthia. Feb. 12, 1751-2; m.Aug., 1770, Rufus. July 31, 1761 (8). 

Thos. Taylor. Asaph, Jan. 22, 1764; m. Nov. 8, 1786, 

James, Feb. 5, 1754; m. Jan. 4, 17S1, Charlotte, dau. I'hilip Mattoon of 

Hannah, dau. Sam'l Stcbbins of Nfd. 

Gfd.; he sett, in Wilmington, Vt.; Lucy, Aug. 14, 1766; m. abt. i7S6,Joel 

hisdau. I.i>i(i, m. Joel Lamli, his 2d Lamb of Spencer; sett, in Halifax, 

wife. Vt., she d. in Jackson, Pa., Oct. 21, 

Mary, Jan. 15,1756; m. Sept. 17, 1778, 1826. 

Tubal Nash. Reuben, Aug. 25, I7(ig, in Wilmington. 

5, AsHER, s. of James (3), b. 1737; sett, in Cifil.; sol. in I'rench 
war; d. June 25, 1822. He m. Submit, dau. Samuel t'lia|")in; she d. 
Mar. 22, 1777, a. 40; (2) Lucy, dau. Zediah ('hapin, both of Spfd. 

Ch.: Clarissa, Nov. g, 176S; m. (pub. John, Mar. 31, 1773 (g). 

Dec, I7g3) Timothy Larabee. Asher, June 5, 1775 (10). 

Submit, Dec. 27, 1770; m. Mar.ii, I7g3, Eunice; m. Flagg. 

Eli Smead. 

6, Dan, s. of James (3), b. 1739; was of Shel., 1781. Hem. 
Chloe, dau. Joseph Severance; fr. chh. in Nhn., Nov., 1762. 

Ch.: Chloe, Jan. 30, 1760; m. Sept. 14, Dan, Aug. 7, 176S. 

1780, Asher Newton. Ebenezer, Mar. 14, 1771, Dfd.;m. Nov. 

Sarah, Mar. 4, 1762; d. Dec. 27, 1774. 7, 1790, Grata, dau. Joseph Wells. 

Mary, Aug. 7, 1764; m. Dec. 17. 1783, Joseph, Jan. ig, 1773; d. Jan. 20, 1776. 

Sam'l Picket. David, Mar. 14, 1775; d. June 23, 1778. 

Elizabeth, Apr. 6, 1766; d. Sept. 20, Isaac, June i, 1777. 


7, Gad, s. ot Gad (4), b. 1750. He m. Jan. 29, 1777, Lydia, 
dau. Alexander Norton of Nfd. 

Ch.:\ Roswell, Dec. 4, 1777; m. Su- Cephas Wells of Cornish, N. H. 

sanna Lyman; rem. to Can. Wyllys, Mar. 5, 1782; sett, in Hinsdale, 

Cynthia, Nov. 2, 1779; m. Aug. 7, 1800, N. H. 

CORSE. 135 

Henry, Feb. 14, 1784; m. Mar. i, 1S02, Electa, bap. June 25, 1797 ? 

Polly Holton. The three last named may or may not 

Lydia, bap. June 24, 1787? be of this family. 

8, RuFUS, s. of Gad (4), b. 1761. 

Ch.:\ Calvin, Sept. 9, 1794(11). Hannah, ; m. William Coleman. 

Gad. Mercy, — -. — ; m. James Walworth, New 

Luther. Milford. 

Chester, sett, in New Milford, Pa. Molly, ; m. Lincoln Hall, New 

Leonard, sett, in New Milford. Milford. 

9, John, s. of Asher (5), b. 1773; rem. to Leyden, and abt. 1835 
toMilwaukee. He m. Dec. 31, 1795, Sarah, dau. Oliver Atherton; (2) 
Nov. 10, 1801, Sarah Bennett; she d. Sept. 24, 1810, a. 20; (3) Nov., 
1 810, Lucy Lee. 

Cfi.:\ Richard, abt. 1796; sett, in Hud- Boston, in 1833. 

son, N. Y. ; editor of Northern Whi^^ Harriet, Oct. 11, 1811 (.?); m. Sabin 

5yrs.;d. J. /. 1S23. of Milwaukee. 

Robert, 1798; d. at 2 yrs. Robert T., Mar., 1813; lived in New 

John, abt. 1800; sett, in Hart., Ct.; m. York City ; thence went to China; ret. 

there Adeline P. Gay. and d. in N. Y. 1878. 

Sophronia, 1802; m. 1821, Daniel L. Lucy, Feb., 1815; m. 1834, W. B. Smith; 

Morgan of Gfd.; she d. in Gfd.1873. they rem. to Milwaukee in 1835, and 

Hiram, 1805; d. s. p. 1837. their dau. Mihoaukii' Harriet, was 

Sarah Maria, Sept. 16, 1807; m. Oct. the first while child b. in that town- 

16, 1833, Albert Pelton of Shel. ship; she m. Bernard Hockleburg, 

Sexton Rinaldo, 1809; d. s. p., on board and lives in Cal. 

a vessel bound fr. Eastport, Me. to Byron Lee, 1823; unm. ; in Milwaukee. 

10, AsHER, s. of Asher (5), b. 1775; sett, in Gfd.; d. May 8, 1814. 
He m. (pub. Sept., 1797) Lucy, dau. Wm. Grennell; she d. May 14, 
1814, a. 39. 

Ch.: Polly, Jan. 9, 1798; d. unm. Aug. Charles L. Smead of Gfd. 

19, 1846. Cornelius Clark, Oct. 13, 1807; m. Me- 

Submit, Sept. 29, 1799; d. unm. Nov. hitable Hill; sett, in 111. 

18, 1820. Christopher Gore, Oct. 18, 1809; m. 

Henrietta M., Mar. 28, 1801; m. Oct. Polly Brigham. 

26, 1820, Henry Atherton; (2) Feb. Climena, Aug. 11, 1811; d. Apr. 29, 

24, 1824, Rodolphus Pratt of Marl- 1S33. 

boro. Sarah, July 21, 1813; m. June 25, 1829, 

Charles Chapin, May 22, 1803 (12). Harvey C. Newton. 
Lucy, abt. 1805; m. (pub. Oct. 2, 1823) 

11, Calvin, s. of Rufus (8), b. 1794; sett, in Jackson, Pa.; d. 
1 88 1. He m. 182 1, Mela Tiffany of Hart., Pa.; she d. 1866, a. 64; 
order of birth of ch uncertain. 

Ch.:\ Mela Caroline, 1822. Miles Jerome, 1834; now Prin. High 

Betsey S., 1825; m. Alonzo Barrett. School, Patterson, N. J. 

Rufus Thomas, 1827. Martha L., ; m. Fred Bryant. 

Asa Dodge, Aug. 21, 1829; m. — Stew- May S., ; m. J. O, Stevens of 

art; sol. in Co. B., 17th. Penn. cav., Scranton, Pa. 

in the Rebellion. 

12, Charles C, s. of Asher (10), b. 1803; A. C, 1830; Principal 
at Dfd. Academy; studied theology at Princeton; has preached at 
Kingston, Wyoming, Athens, East Smithficld, all in Penn.; where 


he was living in i8S6. He m. Sept. i, 1836, Ann Hoyt; she d. Aug. 
9, 185 I, a. 34; (2) June 6, 1866, Luceha Pheljis. 

C/i.: Charles, July 20, 1S37; 111. Sarah Frederick, Jan. 2u, 1842; Dr. in King- 
Kennedy; a lawyer at Lock Haven, ston, Pa.; m. Martha Iloyt. 
Pa. John Hoyt, Apr., 1847; d. 1S66. 

Nancy, Oct. 9, 1839. Ann Hoyt.July 4,1851 ; m.Wm. Church. 

COUCH, James, carpenter, Dfd. 1751-60; sol. in French wars. 

CRAFTS, Benoni, s. of Thomas of Hadley; b. 1692; carpenter, 
of Nfd. 1718; rem. to Dfd., where he d. May 20, 1722. He m. Nov. 
26, 1719, Rebecca Edwards of Dfd.; she d. Nov. 10, 1720. 

C/i..- Rebecca, Nov. i, 1720; d. June 20, 1721. 

CRAFTS, Chester, s. of Joseph of What.; b. Dec, 1783; lived 
at Mill River; d. Sept. 27, 1827. He m. Mar. 10, 1809, Phila, dau. 
Reuben Jewett; she d. July 2, 1880, a. 89. 

C/i.: Josephus, Mar. 2, 1810; sett, in of Con., Oct. i. 1840. 

Nhn.; m. Feb. 13, 1833, Ro.\aD.,dau. David W., Feb. 17, 1820; tn. May 11, 

Lyman Cross of Ash. 1841, Wealthy, dau. Joseph Munyan; 

Chester, Mar. 6, 1812; m. Nov. 24, 1S34, sett, in Nhn. 

Martha G., dau. Hiram Morgan; (2) Roswell P., Sept. 17, 1822; m. May 4, 

Sarah W. Knight; (3) Olive L. Day; 1843, DeliaC, dau. Pliny Jones;selt. 

sett, in West Spfd. in Nhn. 

Mary Ann, Feb. i, 1814; m. Enoch Albert W., Feb. 17, 1825; m. Apr. 27, 

Parsons, Apr. 12, 1836. 1848, Statira A., dau. Olin Bard- 

Parlhena, Feb. 17, 1816; m. Elihu S. well; sett, in Ash. 

Stall, May 7, 1840. Phila A., Feb. 14, 1827; m. Henry J. 

Sylvia, Jan. 14, 1818; m. Alvin Field, Walker, Nov. 26, 1846. 

CRAFTS, [Craft, Croft, Craift.J Griffin; Lieut.; came over 
with Winthrop in 1630; sett, in Roxbury; selectman, rep., mem. A. 

& H. Artillery Co.; d. Sept. 3, 1685. He m. Alice ; she d. of 

apoplexy Mar. 26, 1673, a. 73; (2) July 15, 1673, Ursula, wid. of Win. 
Robinson, Sam'l Hosier and Sam'l Stephens; (3) Dorcas, per. dau. 
John Ruggles; she d. Dec. 30. 1697. 

Ch.: Hannah, b. in Eng. ; m. Apr. 2, July 3, 1653. 

1645, Nath. Wilson of Ro.\. Abigail, Mar. 28, 1634; m. Jan. 24. 1650 

John, July 10, 1630, in Rox.; m.June -51, John Ruggles; (2) Nov. 15, 1O59, 

7, 1654, Rebecca, dau. Ralph Wheel- Ralph Day; (3) Dec. 8. 1678, Edward 

ockof Dedham; shed. Nov. 24, 1667; Adams prob. of Medford. 

(2) Mar. 30, 1669, Mary Hudson of Samuel, Dec. 12, 1637; m. Oct. 16, 1661, 

Lynn; shed. Jan. 3, 1724. Elizabeth.dau. Robert Seaverof Ro.\. 

Mary, Oct. 10, 1632; m. Joseph Griggs, Moses, Apr. 28, 1641 (2). 

2, Moses, s. of Griffin (i), b. 1641; was at Dfd. 1673 and in 1674 
was "licensed to keep an ordinary [tavern] at Pocomtuck & to sell 
wines c\: strong liquors for one year, provided he keep good order 
in his house;" he retired to Hatfield when the town was deserted in 
1675, was made freeman there, 1678, was later of Branford, Ct., and 
in 1682 had sett, in Wethersfield, where he d. Dec. 30, 1718. He m. 
June 24, 1667. Rebecca, dau. Peter Gardner of Rox.; both "solemly 
owned the covenat," Nov. 22, 1668; July 2, 1676, she was "admitted 
to full communion;" living in 1699. 


C/i.:\ Rebecca, Apr. 22, 1668; d. Sept. Mar. 14,1711. 

20, 1669. Moses, Feb. 2, 1673, bap. Apr. 13, 1673; 

Moses. Aug. 8, 1669; d. May 3, 1672. all the above b. at Rox. 

Rebecca, Mar. 2. 1670-1; in. May 12, Abigail, 1677; m. Dec. 2,1691, Jonathan 

1686, Sam'l Wright of Weth. ; she d. Goodrich of Weth. 

CRANFIELD, Thomas, taxed 1788. 

CROSBY, David, Sergt. under Capt. John Catlin, 1749; shoe- 
maker; in 1756 the town voted him leave to enlarge his shop by 
building an addition on the street; had wife Sarah . 

C/i.: Mary, John, Solomon, Sarah, Prudence, Rachel and Relief in 1753. 

CROSBY, John, 1766; barber and wig maker. 

CROSBY, Silas, currier, 1771; of Shel. 1781; of Somerset, Vt., 
1785; had lived in Con. He m. Rebecca . 

C7i:.\ Persis, July 22, 1770. Patty. Sept. 17, 1773. 

CROSBY, Solomon, 1753-6, teacher. 
CROSSMAN, Barnabas, taxed 1792. 

GROSSMAN, JosiAH, was m'f'g pottery at Little Hope in 1794. 
CRUM, Phineas, taxed 1775. 

1, CUMMINGS, John Harrod, fr. Dunstable; lived at Bloody 

Brook. He m. Sarah, dau. Benj. Worcester of Dfd.; she m. (2) June 

II, 1780, Ebenezer Barnard and d. Jan. 29, 1813, a. 82. 

67/.. t Sarah, b. in Dunstable, Sept. Amos P., Sept. 11, 1767(2). 

12, 1755; m. Uadlock; she d. at John, — ; sett, in New York. 

Wind., Vt., Nov. 30, 1835. Elizabeth, Dec. 20, 1773. 

Benjamin, — ; sett, in Ohio. 

2, Amos p., s. of John H. (t), b. 1767; rem. when young from 
Bloody Brook; d. in Windsor, Vt., Feb. 6, 1865, leaving directions 
that his portrait, with the shoes he wore when a baby and other 
family relics should be sent to Memorial Hall. He m. Elizabeth 
Wright of Westford, Mass., b. Dec. 20, 1773; she d. at Windsor, 
Aug. 8, 1856, a. 83. 

C/i.: Lucinda. abt. 179S; d. at W., July d. June 19, 1787, a. 84. 

13, 1877, a. 79. John H., abt. 1S09; d. June g, 1882, a. 
Belinda, abt. 1802; d. at W., June 27, 73. 

1857, a. 53. Harriet, abt. 1812; m. Benj. Tuel; alive 

Caroline R., abt. 1803; m. C. B. Cross; 1S86. 

CUPPER, Robert, taxed in Dfd. 17 15-16. 

CURTIS, Samuel, 1790. 

DAMON, Jonah. He m. |uly 2, 1792, Susanah Atherton of 


DANIELS. Amos, 1789. 

DANIELS, Moses, 1788. 

DANIELS, Samuki,; freeman at Watertown, 1652; an orijjjinal 
proprietor in the Dedhani grant; drew house lot No. 26, and was a 
settler in 1673; not heard of after the war. 

DARBY, William, 1775. 

DAVIDSON, Daniel; rem. fr. Dfd. to Conway; was engaged in 
17 — , making "heels" for Zadock Hawks. He m. June .}, 1767, 
Martha Harrington of Dfd. 

DAYIDSON, JosiAH, sol. in French and Indian wars. He m. Apr. 
28, 1737, Elizabeth, dau. l'>benezer Severance. 

Ch.: Josiah, Apr. 3. 1732; son of the i757-6o; vvasofNfd. 1768-70; of Ley- 

above; sol. in French wars; m. June den 1795; back to Dfii. 1796; m. Mar. 

26, 1765. Rachel Collyr. 17, 1796, Mehitable, sis. of Stephen 

Rebecca, Dec. 7, 1737. Williams. 

Barnabas, Mar. 17, 1738-9; sol. under Joel, Auk- 30, 1740. 

Lord Loudon, 1757; served under Lt. Stephen, bap. Feb. 9, 1741-2. 

John Hawks and Capt. Salah Bar- Lazarus, bap. Feb. 22, 1743-4. 

nard in campaigns against Can. Lois, bap. Feb. 24, 1744-5; 'i- young. 

DEATH, John, shoemaker; name changed to Dickinson. He m. 
Eunice . 

Ch.: Philander P., May 2, 1817. Asahel Gunn, May 17, 1823. 

Harriet N., Feb. 15, 1821. Jothan P., July 29, 1825. 

DELAND, Jedediah, 1753-5. 

DELANO, William, 1812. 

DEMOND, William, 1788-93. 

DEMMING, Wm., taxed 1793-4; may be the same. 

1. DENIO,(DENIUER, DENYO,DENAYON) J amks, a French- 
man from Canada; was one of the "Three Frenchmen" noted by 
Mr. Williams, in the Redeemed Captive, as living here at the de- 
struction of the town, Feb. 29, 1704; with his bride of three weeks, 
he was carried to Canada, from whence they never returned ; it is 
probable that James was from the parish of lioucherville, where he 
established himself on his return. His wife became a Romanist 
and was baptized May 28, 1708, O. S., by the name of Abi.(,-ail 
Margaret; she had for god-father De Vaudreuil, the governor of 
Can., and for god-mother, Margaret Bouat, wife of Antoine Pocaud, 
one of his generals. He was in. Feb. 3, 1704, by Rev. John Wil- 
liams, to Abigail, dau. John Stebbins. 

C/i.:\ Aaron, b. in Can., Dec. 14, 1704 heard of descendants of James now 

(2). living in Can.; Miss C. Alice Baker 

They had other ch. Francis B. Denio has discovered in Can. the ancestry 

of Bangor, writes me that he has of James (i). 

DENIO. 139 

2, Aaron, s. of James (i), b. 1704; on the ret. of peace, when 
Aaron was abt. 10 yrs. old, a party of Indians brought him to visit 
Dfd. ; when the savages were ready to ret. the boy was missing; aft. 
considerable delay and vain search they were obliged to go off with- 
out him; a mutual liking which had sprung up between the lad and 
his Grandfather Stebbins, explains the mysterious disappearance. 
Aaron was brought up by Stebbins and inherited the greater part of 
his estate. He learned the trade of shoemaker, but was for many 
yrs. a noted tavern keeper in Gfd., on the lot now occupied by the 
Odd Fellows' block; he served under Capt. Sam'l Barnard, in Father 
Rasle's war; was a corp. at Fort Mass., 1748; ensign in Can. cam- 
paign 1756; in 1730 the Gen. Court granted him 200 acres of land 
"for losses and sufferings in the war;" in 1756 Gfd. voted him ^4 
"for beating the drum for meetings on Sabbath and other oca- 
sions;" he was a decided "character" in his day, and many funny 
stories are told of his eccentricities; he d. Apr. 29, 1780. He m. 
July 8, 1730, Anna Combs; she prob. d. Apr. 5, 1774. 

Ch.: Aaron, Mar. 24, 1731 (3). (6). 

Anna. May 4, 1732; m. May 2,1751, Sarah, bap. Jan. 5, 1743-4; m. June 12, 

Wm.McClennan;(2)abt. 1759, Elijah 1776, David Caldwell. 

Sheldon; d. in Gill, Nov. 11, 1812. Elizabeth, bap. Jan. 19, 1745-6. 

Joseph, Jan. 8, 1733-4 (4). Dorothy, bap. Feb. 7, 1747-8; m. Oct. 

Seth, Aug. 5, X736 (5). 15, 1772, Caleb Sheldon of Ber. 

Abigail, Feb. 18, 1737-8; m. July i, Sebera, bap. Aug. 19, 1750; m. Sept. 

1762, Seth Catlin. 15, 1773, Isaac Newton; she d. Dec. 

Ely, Apr. 21, 1740; sol. in French and 26, 1775. 

Indian war, 1757. Solomon, bap. Aug. 19, 1753 (7). 
Baptiste, (called Battis) Nov. 20, 1741 

3, Aaron, s. of Aaron (2), b. 1731; sol. French and Indian war; 
lived for a while in Col.; d. Apr. 17, 1776. He m. Jan, 15, 1750, 
Rebecca, prob. dau. Joseph Barnard of Wind; she was rec'd here fr. 
thechh. in Wind., Mar. 3. 1750. 

Ch.: Rebecca, Aug. 25, 1750; m. Aug. Aaron, Dec. 11, 1755; sol. in Rev. war, 

17. 1773. (»eo. Haskins. I777- 

Frederick, Mar. 19, 1752; Rev. sol. un- Lucretia, Feb. 15, 1758; d. Nov., 1831. 

der Capt. Isaac Newton, 1780. Ely, Oct. 5, 1760. 

Enos, Dec. 20, 1753; m. Oct. 30, 1774, Israel, Mar. 20, 1763 (8). 

Ruth Brooks; she d. Dec. 16, 1777; Anna, Nov. 23, 1765. 

(2) Nov., 1798, Phebe Bannister of Charlotte, Nov. 14, 1768. 

Spfd.; he d. Apr. 30, 1802. 

4, Joseph, s. of Aaron (2), b. 1734; sett, in Ber.; sol. 1756-9; 
Corp. under Lord Loudon, 1757. He m. Anna . 

Ch.: Joseph, Mar. 25, 1761 ; m. Charity John Savvtelle. 

Brown. Sarah, Aug. 24, 1765. 

William, Aug. 14, 1762; m. — Larkin. David, Sept. 20, 1767; sett, in Gill. 
Ann, Feb. 23, 1764; m. June 9, 1785, 

5, Seth, s. of Aaron (2), b. 1736; served all through the last Fr. 
war, and through the Rev. to the cap. of Burgoyne; rem. to Shel. 
abt. 1789; lived later in Benton, Bakersfield and Enosburg, Vt.; d. 
Sept. II, 1826. He m. Apr., 1765, Rebecca, dau. Amos Allen of 
Gfd.; she d. 1835. 


Ch.: Aseneth, Aug. 4, 17C5; m. Feb. Abigail, Oct. 13, 1773: d. yming. 

25. 1793. Azariah Corse. Rebecca. Feb. 20, 1776; m. Little 

Elizabeth, Oct. 30, 1767; m. Oct. 18, of Argyle, N. Y. 

1796, Stebbins Walbridgc of Ben- Jonathan, June 20, 177S; d. 1866. 

ninglon. Abigail, Sept. 23, 1781. 

Seth, Sept. 25, I76g; sett, in Enosburg, Patty, Dec. 11, 1782; m. Corse. 

Vt.;d. 1825. Clarissa, Sept., 1784. 

Timothy, Sept. 3. 1771 ((j). Ira, May 30, 1787 (10). 

6, Baptiste or Battis, s. of Aaron (2), b. 1741 ; sett, in Ofd. He 
m. Mar. 31, 1768, Mary Miller of Spfd. ; she ni. (2)